Hot Posts this week (Nov. 21/2013)
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- “The Little Schools” of Mount Lebanon. And priest Joseph Delore (1873-1944)
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- “Talk About Cyclists as you would talk about Road users”: Freshest concerns
- Human rights awareness campaign: Amnesty International in Switzerland
- Mentally Strong People: 13 Things they Don’t Do
- Gaddafi’s Harem? Story of Soraya and other women…
- Does Emotional Intelligence make you a better designer?
- Ecology of colored vision. And types of Dalton color deficiencies…
Posted December 4, 2013on:
Caius Julius Caesar (101-44 BC): Ultimate in Roman cruelty and arrogance
From the many books I read for the French author Max Galo, this is the worst.
It felt that the author tried his hardest to fill the pages with the same dull refrains and doing his best to turn this book as an apology of Caesar, just taking Caesar diaries for granted as facts.
Every couple of pages I could read:
“Descendant of Venus Victerix, direct descendant of the founding father of Rome Iule, son of Enee, the son of Venus…” or ”The Iulii race, descendant of Troy who built Rome…” or “Lets go where the signs of Gods call us…” or “a gent related to the legendary King of Rome Ancius Marcius..”
Galo even reported that the legions of Caesar slaughtered 460,000 Germans, men, women and children within 24 hours and burned their villages… Even in modern warfare, with all the weapons of mass killing, I didn’t read of a battle where more than 30,000 were killed in a day.
Caesar has followed Euripides saying: “If you have got to be unjust, let it be for dominion. Otherwise, practice or fake piety…”
Born on July 13, 101 BC, his mother Aurelia Cotta kept hammering in Caius Julius brain that he was descendant of “Venus Victrix (Victorious) and from the founder of Rome (his father side) Iule (son of Enee, son of Venus…).
Mother Aurelia was the grandchild of the daughter of consuls, and cousin of 3 senators…
Mind you that the name Caesar comes from the name Carthage gave to elephants.
Dictator and brutal Sylla returned to Rome after vanquishing king Mithridates and resumed another wave of terrors against his Roman opponents. Young Caesar, from the family of hated Marius, was targeted to be on the list of those to be assassinated. Caesar is summoned to divorce his wife Cornelia, daughter of Cinna, but preferred to flee from Rome. The team of assassins managed to find Caesar, but he bribed the killer team and vanished to Rhodes.
Rhodes was the ultimate destination for the Romans to get education from eminent Greek scholars, philosophers and teachers. And Caesar spent two years in Rhodes in order to keep a low profile for a while.
At the age pf 20, Caesar joined the Roman proconsul Marcus Minucius Thermus in Asia Minor (coastal of current Turkey) battling with powerful monarch Mithridates. Caesar was dispatched to the king Nicomede 4 of Bithynie (Southern Black Sea region) in order to follow up on his promise to send a few ships to break the insubordination of a key Greek city-island Mytilene. Caesar played the role of the male sex-slave partner for 6 months and lead back the promised ships.
The filthy rich Crasus lent plenty of money to Caesar in order to buy higher positions in Rome elite class, and expected to be paid back
Caesar was Crasus’ lieutenant during the Spartacus’ slaves revolt and observed the crucifixion of 7,000 slaves.
Ten years later, Caesar was sent to reconquer Spain and Portugal, which was ruled by a dissenting Roman General, and collect the taxes. Caesar remained there for a year and returned, rich enough to pay off his huge accumulated dept from Crasus.
For over 10 years, Caesar kept waging wars in France and Germany and tried twice to invade England: He knew that as long as he is leading legions and extending his proconsul title, it would be difficult for the Senate in Rome to demote him and order him to return.
Caesar married his daughter Julia to Pompeii in order to get the alliance of this most powerful general in Rome and secure his title. In the last three years of ruling Gaul, Ceasar had trouble with the Senate that feared Caesar power and wealth, bribing whomever he wanted. And Julia had died giving birth.
It is reported that Caesar slaughtered a million men, women and children were in France and Germany in order to establish the Roman presence in all these territories. Another million were sold as slaves.
Vercingetorix, the military leader of the French tribes, was finally cornered and defeated in Alesia and taken prisoner to Rome: He will be assassinated 3 years later in his prison.
When crossing the Rubicon River in the city of Ravenne on Jan. 11, 49 BC, Caesar said “Alea jacta est” (the dice are thrown)
Pompeii had left Italy with a powerful army and settled in the Orient. Caesar left from Brindise with 500 horsemen and 15,000 infantry. Antony was to follow the army with the remaining troops and the siege materials.
The battle in the plain of Pharsale, in the middle of Greece, was decisive in August 9, 48. Caesar army was mostly composed of infantry: 80 cohorts (each of about 300 soldiers). His army was vastly outnumbered by Pompeii cavalry, and yet the army of his enemy retreated to Turkey and later to Egypt.
The Egyptians assassinated Pompeii in order not to give Caesar an excuse to push forward into Egypt.
Caesar arrived in Alexandria on Oct.2, 48 (He was 53 of age). He subjugated Egypt, married Cleopatra, had a son with her, and returned with Egypt’s Queen to Rome. Caesar erected the statue of Cleopatra in the Temple of Venus Genitrix.
July 25, 46 BC, Caesar is 55 of age and is returning to Rome after vanquishing most of the Lieutenant of Pompey such as Caton, Scipion, Afranius, Petreius, Juba... Only Labienus (Caesar lieutenant in Gaul) made it to Spain with the sons of Pompey.
The sons of Pompeii, Cnaeus and Sextus, along with Labienus and Varsus assembled 13 legions in Spain, and caesar began other war campaign to “liberate” Rome from its own enemies, those who refuse dictators for long-period of time.
Caesar chased them in Africa, Spain… and finally managed to become the sole powerful man in the Roman Empire.
The Romans dedicated the Temple of Jupiter Capitolin to “Caius Julius Caesar, half-God“, and a statue of him driving a char on a globe.
The simple people hate kings and invincible generals, but they are afraid of the God. The title Pontifex maximus (Great Priest) will turn hereditary to Caesar.
He was appointed dictator for 10 years, and the new title of chief police of morals (Praefectus morun). He is accompanied by 72 licteurs.
The plebe of Rome dedicated the Temple of jupiter Capitolin to “Caius Julius Caesar, half-Gof” and erected a statue of Caesar driving a char on a globe.
Only Caton could master the courage to lambaste Caesar for imitating the kings of the Orient, instituting polygamy (living with Cleopatra and his wife Calpurnia)
He is reported to have said: “I change Rome, I change the world“
He reformed the calendar to be made of 365 days. For that, Caesar added 67 days between November and December, and started the new calendar on January 1, 45 BC. Thus the year 46 BC was of 445 days.
Salluste believes that we can conquer man by virtue. He wanted Caesar to defy the usurers and to refrain from giving gratis wheat and money to the plebe… The Roman youth must regain the habit of hard work in order to take taste in the virtue of working and not in cupidity and lax life-style…”