Adonis Diaries

Archive for October 24th, 2008

Note:  What were then called opposition movements are currently the government allies.

Did Hezbollah Make his Case between February 14 and March 14? What Case Does the Opposition Have? (March 16, 2005)

Since December of 2004, before Prime Minister Rafic Hariri resigned, I have been writing one or two political articles.  I had no inkling to have any of these articles published for lack of credibility based on the simple reason that the scarcity of my actions in the last 5 years could not enrich my profile to prove that I actually exist in this society.  I had though the urge to express my thoughts in this difficult juncture for Lebanon and the region.

I listened last night to a lengthy television interview with Hassan Nasr Allah, the secretary general of Hezbollah. The questions covered most of what are in people’s mind and the answers were candid, clear and pretty convincing.  That what interest the Bush administrations in resolution 1559 are the articles concerning the dismantling of Hezbollah armed wing and disarmament of the Palestinian refugee camps I agree fully with him.  That the heavy pressures of the USA on Syria meant to convince Syria on undertaking its bids in Lebanon I agree with him.  That the speedy troops’ withdrawal across the Lebanese borders is a decision of Syria to avoid any temptation to fall into the USA trap and end up losing Syria stability and the overthrow of the current Baasist regime is highly probable.  That the USA adventure in Iraq is in its final phase and cannot perform any better is palatable to me since most of the coalition allies have been withdrawing their troops in Iraq and the presence of any foreign troops in Iraq is no longer acceptable by the populations of the concerned countries.

            I have always believed that the only Lebanese political party to fear Syria was Hezbollah because Syria was the unique power in the region capable of dismantling the military wing of Hezbollah after all the attempts by Israel and the USA had failed since 1990.  Hezbollah must feel that a heavy load is off its shoulders and its political involvement in Lebanese internal affairs could become very timely and effective.  When Nasr Allah insists on dialogue among the different parties it would be a great mistake from the opposition forces to decline participation and stone wall any dialogue. Most probably, Prime Minister Karame will go ahead and form a majority government and get on with the task of securing the election on time.

            I argue that the only party to lose heavily from Syria departure is the Shiite Amal party of Nabih Berry, the head of the chamber of representatives. I can see this party vanishing under the Hezbollah umbrella. It is remarkable that the parties most to gain and worst to lose from Syria departure are Shiite. This is the largest religious sect that can also end up with one centralized political leadership to represent their interests.

            I agree with Nasr Allah that his evaluation for the necessity of organizing a demonstration in Riad Solh Square was highly important because the opposition forces have practically brain washed the population that all Lebanese have sided with the opposition stands and preconditions. Frankly, the mixture of the opposition forces is flammable and can explode the country with its chauvinistic and isolationistic tendencies. The dozens of Syrian workers killed in Lebanon were a clear message that the situation could get out of hand if the opposition is not reminded promptly of the real power centers. Contrary to the assertions of the opposition leaders I feel that the unity of the opposition will hardly last a week longer after the Syrian troops’ withdrawal.


If we analyze the composition of the opposition we can categorize it into 5 distinct groups. The first group, or Group 1, comprises the parties that symbolize the atrocities committed during the civil war and those who cooperated closely with the Israeli plans in Lebanon like the Kataeb of Amin Gemayel, The Lebanese Forces and the Ahrar. This group suffers from acute tunnel vision.  It considers that their undersigning of the Taef agreement was done under duress and never really believed in the application of this new constitution. The credibility of this group for what freedom, self determination and independence stand for is next to nil. They are the extreme in their isolationist and chauvinistic tendencies toward everyone except for what is occidental. Their practices of democracy and freedom of expression were lethal during their reign of terror in the civil war. 

At this juncture I can hear the loud voices of opposition leaders who might claim that any such criticism offer freebees to this weak and unpopular government.  That might be correct to politicians who have to take a firm position.  However, we can levy this same critic to writers, newspaper professionals and intellectuals who fail to describe and analyze fairly this unconventional political deadlock.  The last months gave these right wing political parties golden freebees to consolidate their political positions and spread freely their chauvinism and isolationism attitudes.  What these parties are gaining now it would be extremely difficult and expensive to extract from them when the application of all the articles of the Taef agreement are set in motion.

The second group is the Hariri partisans with a political line that is mostly of Arabic leanings, seeking the unity of all the Lebanese with an open Lebanon to the Arabic World affairs and they have a specific mission of discovering the assassins of Hariri and maintaining a ultra liberal economy. The third group composed of the Walid Jumblatt’s socialist party is ready to associate itself with the Hariri group, though it has been badly tainted during the civil war. Deputy Jumblatt, who is the main opposition leader, adopted the Taef agreement as the basis for dialogue with Hezbollah. The fourth group includes the intellectuals associated with a few members of the Kornet Chehwan gathering such as Nassib Lahoud and Samir Frangieh. Group 4 is close to the Hariri line but rely heavily on the Maronite Patriarch stands.

Group 5 represents the partisans of General Michel Aoun who refused to undersign the Taef agreement.  This group is the only opposition group from its inception and did not share the booties of the after civil war as all the other groups did.  I suspect the Aoun’s partisans are close to the Hariri partisans in their thinking but their hearts are not pro Arabic and very volatile when common interests with Syria are discussed. I believe groups 3 and 4 would readily align with the Hariri group positions not only on political affinity but mostly for financial support.

There are four other political groups aligned with the Hezbollah positions. The so called third force headed by former Prime Minister Salim Hoss insists that constitutional institutions resume their function and wants a stop to the demonstrations’ craze. The partisans of Suleiman Frangieh, a Maronite warlord in the north of Lebanon, are totally and unconditionally relying on Syria support.

             There are only two historically non sectarian political parties and strongly entrenched in all parts of Lebanon; mainly the communist party and the Syrian National Social party (SNSP).  The communist party was never invited to take part in any government and failed to take side for either the opposition forces or the Hezbollah gathering. It organized a twenty thousand strong demonstration on a Sunday. The communist party is about to be splintered one more time under this emotional climate because many of its leaders demanded to take a clear side at this junction, preferably for the opposition forces.  This party is welcomed to either side once it makes a decision.

The SNSP has deputies and participated in all the governments since 1991 with one minister out of thirty each time. It failed to galvanize the people on any issue and was practically marginalized.  The SNSP was staunchly against the entering of the Syrian troops into Lebanon in 1976 but has eventually delivered all its cards into the Syrian regime since then.  No side is about to accept this party at this junction and probably it is the only party that practically isolated itself from Lebanon of the future.

The communist and SNSP parties, the newly formed Democratic Left party, the partisans of Najah Wakim and the workers syndicates should naturally form a common front at this juncture. Unfortunately, their leaderships are conservative old guards and will fail to catch the momentum.  It is a fact that the application of all the articles in the Taef agreement will require a vast secular polarization that will be missing in our sectarian and feudal political fabric.  The light at the end of the tunnel is not about to shine any time soon.

What the opposition forces will have in common after Syria withdrawal? May be the common denominators would be the demand to find the assassins of martyr Hariri and the resignation of the heads of all intelligence and security agencies.  Their social programs are non existent and the application of all articles in the Taef agreement will become a serious point of dissension. What the other forces will have in common? May be demanding also to get to the bottom of the truth of who assassinated Hariri.

            The way I see it, after the Syrian withdraw from Lebanon, the political parties will sort themselves out into two main groups. The minority groups of the Lebanese Forces, the Ahrar, the Kataeb of Amin Gemayel, a few of Kornet Chehwan members and the main group of General Aoun will be raising the banner saying:

                        We want the Truth. Who Assassinated Hariri?

                        We are the freedom, self determination and independence fighters.

                        We demand the total application of resolution 1559.

All the remaining political parties will be raising the following banner:

                        We need the whole Truth.  Who assassinated our martyr Hariri?

                        Who is trying to assassinate our national unity?

                        Who is trying to kill the Taef agreement?


Note: As long as Israel is occupying lands in Lebanon and the US refuses to pressure Israel to desist waging offensive military campaigns then Hezbollah case stands!

More Than A Million Souls Flooding Downtown Beirut (April 2, 2005)

I let a friend of mine read about 8 political articles that I composed between December and March 16.  These articles expressed my opinions on the political and social discussions concerning the Lebanese people before and after the assassination of Prime Minister Hariri.  She expressed her concern that my positions are highly biased and that I did not write a special piece on this mammoth demonstration that Lebanon never experienced before.

            In fact I was very excited the day of the demonstration and was ready to participate with more than a million of my compatriots in this mass rally.  My nieces and nephews who were never interested in politics or ever listened to the news had already caught on these waves of vibrations that were electrifying most Lebanese from most religious sects and from the four corners of the country. People from all ages descended on Downtown Beirut in cars, buses, trucks, Pullmans and every means of transportations, parked their vehicles 10 kilometers away from the location of concentration, walked the way, chanted the eternal slogans of freedom, self determination and independence and waved the only flag.  The gathering was for 3 pm and by 11 am the highways were jammed packed and traffic was stopped in a stand still.  People poured from every route and all directions like rivers over flooding their banks.  In my town I watched students 13 years of age being horded in buses toward the gathering place and mothers loading their children with the Lebanese flag floating on their cars.

This tiny country with 4 million inhabitants were standing side by side and braving years of apathy and plans for immigrating as fast as they could and reclaiming their share of glory under the sun of proud people demanding self determination in their political and social affairs.  I guess Lebanon must go on the Guinness of world records as the country that gathered the highest proportion of its inhabitant to protest for liberty. 

Until a Homer, Horace, Virgil, Dante or Blake take on the task of giving the right dues for this demonstration of unity, my friend has to be contented by that much.

Six days prior to this gathering Hezbollah organized a mass gathering in Downtown Beirut with the explicit purpose of thanking Syria for 15 years of order and stability in Lebanon.  Syria was already withdrawing its troops after the international massive pressures on her to leave Lebanon and after a wave of persecution of Syrian citizens in Lebanon and the slaying of over thirty migrant Syrian workers.  There is no doubt that this counter gathering was intended partly to block Hezbollah from usurping any claim for constituting the majority of the Lebanese.  The secretary general of Hezbollah, Hassan Nasr Allah, insisted that the priority at this junction in the crisis is to start serious dialogue among all the parties with no preconditions.

This counter gathering sent the clear response that any dialogue entails the process of give and take and that hard choices have to be decided.  Many sections in the opposition forces had reached a consensus position that the disarmament of Hezbollah should be a Lebanese decision and all the articles of the Taef agreements need to be fulfilled.  Hezbollah has shown signs that it understand that the political climate has drastically changed and any dialogue should reach a satisfactory and long lasting agreements among most of the important parties. Unfortunately, a few parties in the opposition are already setting preconditions such as that dialogue on Hezbollah disarmament should take place immediately after the election.


These right wing parties are the least credible in their seriousness for any dialogue. I personally was not fooled by what these slogans of freedom, self determination and independence meant for many political parties knowing very well that their practical meanings are at odd with mine but my excitement did not abate.  The speeches of many right wings, sectarian and chauvinistic politicians were the least appealing to my ears, heart and mind but this was not the time for rational thinking.  The moment expressed clearly that everybody needed to let go of his fears, depressive moods and frustrated projects and just fly high and catch the dreams of any free man.

Actually, my friend suggestion for a special article was more concerned that I should act as an impartial reporter whose task is to find a balance among the protagonist attitudes and opinions.  I am not a reporter, not a newspaper writer, not a politician and not even a member of a political party.  I am not under any obligation not to be biased to the truth and positions that I believe and hold as right. My articles were basically targeting my citizens and thus things that may be right to do are not necessary doing the right thing. Never the less, I thank her for prompting me into dedicating an article for this unique and glorious show of unity and brotherhood. 

I have strong political and social positions and would not mind taking stands against chauvinism, sectarianism and petty politics that intend to fool intelligent citizens during highly emotional situations into believing their lies. As a matter of fact I am thrilled that thousands are frequently demonstrating in front of the USA Embassy in Awkar against the US Administration bullying pressures to dictate to us the next steps in our mass movements. Never the US has been even vocal for our freedom and self determination in the last 15 years and now its diplomatic representatives and congressmen have been shaking their butts in and out of Lebanon thinking that we adore their circus and their empty rhetoric about their modern concept of freedom and their lopsided notion of terrorism.  What bug me a great deal is that all these meetings with Satterfield and other US representatives did not explicitly shed any light as to the level of US commitments to the political and economic stability of Lebanon.  The fact that Israel is the junior partner to the USA in the Middle East we have to figure out what are the plans of the USA for Lebanon.

Lebanon has already stamped its mark on history as a free people.  Could Lebanon reap the fruit of its upheaval and direct its energy toward the well being of all its citizens?  The political turmoil of these past weeks is not very encouraging for a bright future and I hope another cry for unity and liberty for all be disseminated and we gather again for the long awaited popular convention and serious dialogue. We have already experienced 4 car bomb attacks on commercial, industrial and tourist centers and the investigations have failed to bring any relief for our anxieties.  No economic reprieve is looming. The wave of freedom and self determination is ebbing but the voices of moderation are not gaining any momentum either. The sad fact is that the new generation is still allowing the traditional politicians to usurp their voices and it seems that the new generation is not going to get any substantial rewards for its zeal and excitement if it does not express, now, clearly and firmly what future for Lebanon it has in mind.

Note: This category is a repository of older articles but still ever fresh in Lebanon quagmire.  For current articles check the category Politics/finance Today.

How could we get out of this impasse and have a running State?  (March 13, 2005)

One of the international commitments in the Taef agreement was the retreat of the Israeli troops from Lebanon which did not happen until 9 years later at the hands of the Lebanese resistance forces and the unconditional support of all the Lebanese to the resistance efforts. The international community wants Syria to withdraw within weeks so that you may compare its relative commitments toward Lebanon and Israel.

            I believe that the meanings of freedom, self determination and independence for the people do not correlate well with the politicians and the international interests in Lebanon.  The Lebanese politicians have very practical meanings for these terms which are more freedom and better leverage to dip deeper into the public funds through give and take deals and keeping the status quo indefinitely.  If Lebanon failed to navigate its interests with just Syria, how Lebanon is to be capable of navigating among the interests of a multitude of States? 

Syria could have helped us fulfill the essential social and political articles in the Taef agreement, mainly secularizing the public jobs, decentralizing the government by providing greater leverage for the regions to spend their funds, shifting the executive power from the President to the government and the election of a Senate body for the various religious sects so that the chamber of representatives be freed from any sectarian quotas but Syria failed in its commitments too.  Now, who will ever find the leverage and good will to fulfill all the articles of our new Constitution agreed upon in Taef?

            Lebanon was failed by the international community to promote these necessary changes and was left a weak and divided. How Lebanon is to grapple alone with sticky issues that it cannot overcome by itself?  The international community did not attempt to pressure Syria in fulfilling the priority articles in the Taef agreement that could have provided peace, stability and a viable political system. 

Our political leaders are manipulating our people with slogans and are avoiding to raising the important issues of what constitute the necessary conditions and foundations for true freedom, self determination and independence in any modern nation.

Self determination for Lebanon!  What a big joke our dreams are playing on us. Lebanon never enjoyed self determination throughout its history and even less in its over 60 years of independence.  In our present geopolitical societies only six nations could secure self determination if they chose to:  mainly, the USA, China, India, Russia, Brazil and eventually the European Union after the vote on the complicated Constitution. 

An independent Lebanon! So what! Luxemburg is independent and so is over 160 countries and small islands many of which nobody heard of or can locate on a world map.  With a few caveats: Lebanon is one of the first independent States to participate fully in the establishment of the UN charter and the only one to kick Israel out of its borders without negotiations or a peace treaty.  

Note: The UN has declared in October 2008 that resolution 1559 has been satisfied!


How can we implement UN resolution 1559 without a representative government? (March 12, 2005)

The Prime Minister Omar Karame was forced to resign under popular pressure and then was reappointed by a majority of the deputies. Karame asserted that he will refuse to form a government unless it includes the opposition parties because this volatile state of affairs demands a unified front in order to proceed with the investigations, divulge the truth of the assassins of Hariri, prepare for a fair election for the chamber of representatives and the execution of all the articles in the Taef agreement.  The opposition insists on its terms for participation in the government and the critical condition is the resignation of all the heads of intelligence and security services which the President refuses to accept. We are practically beyond the phase of Syrian withdrawal of troops and intelligence units across the borders of Lebanon because they are executing the articles of 1559 in a timely fashion.

So what about Lebanon?  The Syrian might get off the pressures of resolution 1559 by satisfying the articles attached to its part of withdrawing all its troops out of Lebanon but what about Lebanon?  How could Lebanon disarm Hezbollah and the Palestinian refugee camps?  President Lahoud refused 1559 in a lengthy television talk and refused to personally accept the preconditioned demands of the opposition on the basis that it will confirm that we have a presidential political system instead of a parliamentary one as the new Constitution was agreed upon in Taef.  In the new Constitution the real power is in the government as a whole and thus the President acceptance of the pre conditions would be unconstitutional.  The opposition responded by organizing a large gathering of over a million from most religious sects and from the four corners of the country.  This gathering was a practical response from a unified Lebanon on their demands for freedom, self determination and independence from any foreign tutelage.

            Certainly, the articles in the UN resolution 1559, especially those related to Lebanon, cannot be resolved in the near future but they do give directions to every Lebanese government in the future to continue discussions with Hezbollah and the Palestinian Authority in order to reach a satisfactory resolution. This resolution is reason enough for every Lebanese government to confront the Arab and international community to press Israel into providing the guarantees for non aggression against Lebanon and facilitating the application of the remaining articles of 1559 resolution by speeding up the creation of the independent Palestinian State, withdrawing from the Shabaa area in South Lebanon an from the Golan Heights in Syria.  These are long term values for resolution 1559 that President Lahoud has to grasp.

            One of the main opposition leaders, Deputy Walid Jumblatt, is adamant on the necessity of evicting the President since he is a de facto head of all the intelligence and security services responsible for the reign of humiliation that Lebanon had to succumb to. Jumblatt claims that the prolongation of the presidency term for another 3 years is the crux of the problems; either the President resigns or there will be no unified front in any government and no reprieve for any political stability. Jumblatt is keen at repeating his father’s feat of deposing President Bechara Khoury in 1953.  Former prime minister and an opposition leader in exile in Paris, General Michel Aoun, wants to return after all the Syrian troops are out of Lebanon and personally participate in the election.

            A few politicians have voiced their desires for the heads of the intelligence and security services to resign by themselves and allow the dialogue between the President and the opposition forces to resume because they are the remaining cards in the President hands.  We are caught in a vicious circle between the notions that the people has spoken and how the Constitution could be applied for the continuation of power transfer. Saying that the people has spoken is not completely correct: there is another large chunk in the population that do not agree with the opposition stands although everybody has been raising the Lebanese flag and chanting the national anthem.

            I think we are in big trouble for years to come. The euphoric show of the opposition cannot last after the Syrian withdrawal and Hezbollah is not about to let down the President who has supported them through the difficult resistance period.  Any how, Hezbollah is not about to trust the rhetoric of the opposition that they are ready to participate in dialogue without preconditions.  May be another round of civil war is not highly probable but the international involvement and pressures do not augur well in the coming months.

            The fact is the international community did get involved before in our affairs and retracted from their commitments after their first failures and gave up easily.  The UN and the USA undersigned the Taef agreement and promised substantial economic and political contributions to set Lebanon on its feet.  Unfortunately, they forgot Lebanon completely for 15 years. The international community did not help Lebanon in its development and reconstruction plans and left Lebanon under the Syrian tutelage who shouldered the burden of reunifying and rearming the Lebanese army.  The bottom line is the Lebanese people who paid dearly for every semblance of a regular and routine life for the return of electricity, telephone communication, the airport, the highways and the reconstruction of Downtown Beirut.

            The only interests of the US in Lebanon are directly linked to its predicaments in Iraq. France has lost its prestige as a colonial undertaker in Lebanon and Syria and will not recover without the direct support of the USA; which means never!  The people are dreaming of a stable life within months:  how about many years before the new world powers sort out their interests and settle for what kind of Lebanon they can suffer to live with.

What Mortal Sins Did the Syrian Regime Commit? (March 9, 2005)

At this phase of the struggle, the million and some citizens who gathered in Riad Solh Square to thank Syria for the peace and stability that Lebanon enjoyed for 15 years are no different than the thousands who demonstrated for weeks in the Martyrs’ Square demanding freedom, self determination and independence from Syria.  They all waved the Lebanese Flag! Syria should have gotten the clear message all the way but it seems that a one party regime is not flexible or trained enough to recognize the deep feelings that the Lebanese are expressing.

Apparently, the Syrian regime is pressured into such a tight corner that it is happy to hold on rhetoric at the tip of the iceberg and fool itself into going back to doing business as usual.  Not only President Lahoud is rejecting the opposition demands for the resignation of the heads of all security and intelligence services but he is trying to mindlessly force a prime minister into our throats who resigned under the pressure of the people.  If the opposition is not willing to desist on its demands and throw away its legitimate victory by the people, why would the President commit the worst sin a serious politician shouldn’t attempt to do? 

Does the President want to sacrifice himself for Lebanon by being ejected in a grand way in order for Lebanon to demonstrate its self determination by acting in a grand way as a proof of its legitimate and rightful stubbornness?  If the President declares his recognition of the dangerous path he is taking then Lebanon would thank him immeasurably and anoint him as the most heroic and patriotic president so far. Unfortunately, I lean toward the notion that the President is taking a petty stand that would inevitably destroy whatever achievement he might have claimed.

Across the border there is a one party regime that has been enslaving 17 million people for over 50 years under slight variations. Such a dinosaur is not expected to change behavior in a peaceful process.  The damaging mistake the Syrian regime committed is to try governing a people across the other border that experienced extreme freedom, an understanding of freedom that goes as far as committing the worst crimes and slaughters in the name of the freedom to kill a fellow citizen on the basis of his identity card for sectarian reasons.  Please, don’t give me any slacks and try offering lame excuses that the 200 thousands Lebanese were killed by foreign elements during our civil war!

Instead of acting vigorously to implement all the articles in the Taef agreement the Syrian regime was sitting comfortably in Lebanon and waiting for the USA to remove its cover over its tutelage in Lebanon before reacting accordingly.  Obviously, a democratic state that value human rights and freedom of expression would have come to reason long before the international community reminds it to its responsibilities.  There are no doubt that dozen of humongous rodents in Lebanon and Syria, current opposition leaders and allies to Syria, in tandem and forming efficient and ruthless mafias were happily nibbling viciously at our public funds.  There is no doubt that these easy and uncontrolled machinations for grand thefts were a major factor for this lengthy stay in Lebanon and our humiliating situation. The old guards of the one party regime got lost in our Ali Baba cave and didn’t listen to storms and changing political climate forming outside. Yes, the Lebanese citizens paid twice for every service they difficultly received: we paid twice for electricity, for water and for communication facilities.


We overpaid for everything we purchased that was controlled by the government. Lebanon is the costliest country, not only among the surrounding Arab States but in the world.  All the 45 billion dollar debt that financial institutions were glad to lend our governments would require more than two generation wiping out.  What did Lebanon receive in return for a dept that would have reconstructed Germany after the war? 

A Downtown paid for by the Lebanese themselves and who cannot use it anyhow but to stroll in its street:  no working Lebanese can purchase anything from our high class Downtown shops, rent a small apartment or even park his car. What about the ten billion dollars invested on the electrical facilities with generators that keep shutting down and fueled by the wrong intended fuel and that keep us in the dark for days forcing us to rely on local providers? What about top of the line hospitals waiting for years to be staffed because the rodents have not yet agree among themselves for the rightful share in the deal? What about the Lebanese University, facilities and manpower, still not fully operational that has been losing ground to 30 private universities most of them not properly certified to operate?  What about our fixed telephone lines that most of us cannot afford to connect to?  What about our cellular communication services that is twice as expensive as the costliest in the world? What about the 5 billion dollars spent on relocating the Lebanese families into their original towns, a sum that could have relocated Taiwan into China, and still they did not care to return?  What about the billion allocated to the Southern villages after the withdrawal of Israel in the year 2000 and all we can see are the released Lebanese prisoners from the Israeli jails still demonstrating to get any relief?

Yes, Syria was allowed to rebuild the old Lebanese army and secure peace in Lebanon for 15 years; the million thanks are appropriate in this case.  Yes, the weakling Lebanon was demanding too much and too soon from a crippled regime barely able to reconcile with itself and its future.  Yes, Syria was all the time afraid from waves of liberty and freedom of expression to cross its insulated population but it should have tried to experience something that would have done it a great deal of good.

We should banish hatred for the kind and patient Syrian people and learn to shunt chauvinism, an inkling we are prone to do and our institutions are a million light year away to attack this behavior of ours.  The Syrian workers have demonstrated that they are the hardest and most diligent workers.  Lebanon was mostly rebuilt by the Syrian work force.  A million thanks for our brothers, friends and best allies in Syria.

It is time that our slogans for freedom, self determination and independence become more specific of what these notions means to us before the Syrian troops redeploy behind our borders.  The Syrians are withdrawing their troops and will complete this task shortly.  The demonstrators should start naming names of these fat rodents, demand their detention, putting them to trial, punished seriously and the money returned to the Lebanese citizens.  The demonstrators should use their gatherings to discuss seriously what Lebanon they dream about and what their expectations are.

Who Assassinated Former Prime Minister Rafic Hariri in 2005? (March 7, 2005)

Since the assassination of former Prime Minister Hariri, thousands of citizens have been gathering, every day and night, in Downtown Beirut demanding to know who assassinated Hariri.  Not many believe that the government has enough credibility to investigate properly this political crime. 

The UN has sent a team headed by a former Irish police officer and then later, the Lebanese government asked the help of several crime experts and investigators from Switzerland and Denmark.

So far, how the blast occurred and what kind of explosive was used is still not conclusive and pretty much vague and divergent.  The government is claiming that it was a suicide car bombing done by Abu Adass who sent a video to Al Jazira channel, one hour after the incident, claiming the responsibility of an unknown group. The government hinted that it analyzed genetically remnants of the perpetrator.  A political scientist, Dr. Nakash, believes that the video is real and that two similar simple terrorist techniques were successfully used in Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Dr. Nakash produces documents published in the New York Times of many serious threats to King Fahd, owner of Al Arabiya channel and the main mentor of Hariri. 

Apparently, Al Arabiya was toning down information in Iraq that could damage the US presence there and Saudi Arabia bribed Alawi (Iraq’s prime minister) with two billion dollars to shut down the offices of Al Jazira channel and to crack down on the militia of Al Sadr in Najjaf, which Alawi did effectively.  Hariri was for some time following the political lines of Saudi Arabia in Iraq but had a change of position lately: Was it too late?

The Hariri’s deputies in the Parliament affirm that the detonating charge was planted underground and the material is so new that the labs have failed to determine its composition until now.  One of the surviving bodyguard claims that the street was clear and no visible obstructions was evident before the blast.

May be the people want to know but the powers to be, locally, regionally and internationally are not that excited to divulge the parties behind this barbaric crime, if we set aside all the rhetoric from President Bush, Chirac and the European Union.  It is hardly credible that any Lebanese political party is behind this assassination.

It seems that Syria has much to lose from the death of Hariri because of his wide range of connections and the many favors he enjoys with Saudi Arabia, the main financial backer of Syria and stabilizing power within the Lebanese political system. I am leaning toward an Israeli/USA connection for several reasons:

1) The next day to the assassination, Sharon dismissed or refused to extend the appointment of Yaalon as head of the army and appointed the head of Israel’s secret services to replace him. Was Yaalon against this assassination decision or was he not informed and expressed his position accordingly?

2)  Hariri failed many Israeli attempts to internationally cast Hezbollah as a terrorist organization and he succeeded in Europe and in France.

3)  Hariri was behind snubbing Israel for the failed May 17 agreement to sign a peace treaty with Israel in 1983.

4)  Hariri was behind the April understandings in 1997, with the direct involvement of the USA, on the procedures of conducting war between Hezbollah and Israel.  This agreement seriously hampered Israel in waging its devastating traditional attacks on civilians’ targets in the South and carrying out mass detentions.

5)  Hariri was for the return of the Palestinian refugees to Palestine and could certainly block any UN resolution to the contrary.  The timing of the assassination was appropriate because Israel was under pressures to negotiate with Adu Abbass (The recently elected Palestinian prime minister).  Israel wanted a free hand to pressure Abu Abbass into a flexible understanding about the refugees’ problems and Hariri could very well exercise effective counter attacks when he was to return as prime minister after the April election.

6)  Israel has a history of eliminating every enemy to its plans of expansion and the timing was perfect because Hariri was no longer a prime minister, the political discourse within Lebanon was very heated for blaming Syria of the many current setbacks, especially for generating the UN resolution 1559.  The unfounded rumors that Hariri was behind this resolution could divert the guilt for the assassination to Syria for an extended period of time.

7)  Since Israel never makes such serious decisions before receiving the green light from Washington and France, it is obvious that the USA  and France governments had an interest in eliminating Hariri at this junction.  Hariri was to be reelected in April and be appointed prime minister again. 

Hariri was a heavy weight internationally;  his personal friendship with President Chirac of France was putting Chirac in a corner: Chirac had decided to connect openly with Israel and didn’t want any exacerbations with the US after the two States agreed on main critical diffculties, especially commercial and economical.  It was France that coaxed Bush Jr. for passing the 1559 resolution in the UN that demanded Syria to withdraw from Lebanon.

As newspapers in Israel rightly analyzed the situation: Syria is very probably not directly the guilty party in the crime, but Syria is certainly the party to pay the price and the consequences.  Bashar Assad gave Israel the proper ammunition and the excellent timing for his inexperience and his hubris responses to international pressures.   I am certain that it is the Lebanese citizens who are and will pay the price for years to come.

Note: I do differentiate between Near East (example Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Palestine/Israel) and Middle East region (for example adding Iraq, Iran, and the Arabic Peninsula States) and George W. Bush Administration of Greater Middle East (adding Egypt, Afghanistan, and Pakistan).  It is not just a geographic expansion of influence but a fundamental strategic view among the superpowers.

A Regional Power in the Making in the Near East (December 18, 2004)

Turkey is the new pivotal power in the Near East in the coming decades. Turkey will be asked to exercise its beneficial influence in restoring peace, stability and economic prosperity in the region.  It will inevitably join the European Union with the unavoidable important changes that Turkey will have to accept and undergo in matters of democracy, liberty, human rights and social and economical constraints.

This transformation of a powerful neighbor will transcend into a drastic transformation of the societies surrounding Turkey. The benefits are already materializing in closer ties with Syria, pressures on Israel to agree on a Palestinian State and greater normalization with Iran.  Turkey is obviously the main power that can provide autonomy to the Kurdish nationalism spreading among Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Iran. Turkey is the main power that can efficiently check US imperialism in the Middle East and any resurgence of Russia militarism. I have great hope in this new power amongst us, especially that the current Turkish government has proven to be far sighted and confident in its power and role in this region.

Since writing this excerpt Turkey felt the need to crawl in a cave and hibernate after surmounting the imminent obstacles to joining the European Union. Turkey thinks that it can relax for a while but it will quickly learn that it has to keep pace with the culture of Europe by struggling to catch up with lost time. Human rights problems are reemerging, demonstrations are being broken by brute force and its dialogue with Syria is not much evident except the frustration of Turkey from the US pressures ordering Turkey not to return the diplomatic visit of its President to Syria. Turkey’s involvement was badly needed in our current problems with the UN resolution 1559 and it failed in this critical moment to demonstrate its regional power. 

Note:  Turkey has failed miserably in being a power broker for a resolution to the Kurdish auto-determination struggle. Instead, Turkey opted to squander her financial reserves and earned good will by waging again a hopeless military campaign on the Kurds.

Note: This category is a repository of political articles written since 2005.  Current articles could be located in Politics/finance Today.

What’s Next after the Nasr Allah’s Speech? (March 7, 2005)

Last week we discussed the aftermath of former Prime Minister Hariri assassination. The opposition gathered and demonstrated for two weeks in the Martyrs’ Square. They were demanding the disclosure of the investigations and chanting slogans

of freedom, self determination and independence of Lebanon from the Syrian tutelage. It happened that the under secretary of the US state department, Satterfield, paid a visit to Lebanon that lasted four days with many meetings with the opposition leaders.

As it is known, the US and France were the mastermind behind the 1559 UN resolution that demand not only the withdrawal of the Syrian troops but also the dismantling of the military wing in the Hezbollah party and the recuperation of the arms in the Palestinian refugee camps.

During that period, the opposition leaders were trying to open a dialogue with Hezbollah with the hopes of neutralizing its political stands by not taking an open position, as Hezbollah usually did, preferring to focus what credibility it has on resisting Israeli violations of Lebanon borders in the South. The opposition did not show a unified front on the 1559 resolution while Satterfield was present.  By the time the opposition resolved on adopting the Taef agreement as the basis for discussion the damage was done.

The speech of Nasr Allah, the secretary general of Hezbollah, was clear: the U N resolution 1559 is meant to destabilize Lebanon in order to pass a US/Israeli plan to ban the return of the Palestinian refugees in Lebanon to Palestine. This plan intend to provide the Lebanese nationality to these refugees through, may be, financial incentives.  It is clear that this plan will divide Lebanon into two or three cantons: a Christian and a Moslem enclave. This partition has become de facto after the civil war even without a political resolution for decentralization.

Syria will withdraw under the international pressures and the backing of a sizable section of the Lebanese citizens.  After the withdrawal of the Syrian troops, Syria may also withdraw politically from Lebanon if an agreement for settling the Golan Heights, a major stumbling block, is reached with Israel and the US. Then, Syria will be off the hooks with the international community but Lebanon will have to deal with the nagging remaining demands of the 1559 resolution.  Dismantling Hezbollah and disarming the Palestinians are two problems that even the whole international community cannot resolve unless a major war is declared by the UN.

If Syria does not withdraw quickly before a Palestinian State is formally recognized by the world community, there is a real danger that the US might use the so called preemptive strikes on Hezbollah bases on the flimsy reason of the Syrian presence in Lebanon.  The odds are high for a military intervention by the US, especially if France gives in to the European Union insistence of calling Hezbollah a terrorist organization. Otherwise, the recurrence of another civil war in Lebanon could still take place because, basically, nothing really changed in the sectarian mentality of the population, even among the new generation who did not experience the civil war, or the establishment of a strong and viable government. All the political reforms envisaged in the articles of the Taef agreement, also called the new Lebanese Constitution, did not take place and Lebanon is back to its starting point of 1975 with the only exception that the Palestinian forces are not the main excuse in meddling in our self determination.  


Many social and civil laws that were contemplated to unite the Lebanese under a modern fabric were rescinded by the Parliament and in many instances by the direct involvement of Syria. The current political system is not functioning properly: we have no government to present new laws to the chamber of representatives and it is totally powerless to even execute simple orders to run the state. The economy is practically lifeless except for the printing press to produce Lebanese flags and banners for the multitude of demonstrators.

The deputies for the opposition won’t meet to discuss the election law until the heads of the intelligence and security services resign or are fired.  The President understands that all these political maneuverings are targeting his legitimacy after he extended his term and will not relinquish the power sustained by these security and intelligence services. There got to be viable alternatives to set the political system on its tracks.  Either the President resigns, or the Prime Minister constitutes a majority government to take care of immediate requirements such as passing the election law and scheduling the election process or the President decrees a military government.

Our only hope is that the opposition forces and the Hezbollah party reach a long lasting agreement to put up a unified front against foreign pressures and intervention.  Most of the demands of the opposition forces to removing the heads of the intelligence and security forces, the application of the Constitution for the non renewal of the President term and the disclosure of the assassins of Hariri must be met and the demands of Hezbollah to accept the Taef Agreement as the basis for reforms must be wholeheartedly accepted by all the opposition factions with no wavering of any kinds.

             I suspect that the situation is getting out of hand and time is no longer of the essence as it should be for any modern and reasonable society.  This fact screams the consequent fact:  Lebanon is back to foreign dictate.

December 13, 2006

“Human Types; Essence and the Enneagram” (Part 2), by Suzan Zannos

It seems that the tarot and playing deck of cards are basically symbols to represent the characteristics of individuals.

For example, the aces represent the center of gravity of the main function in a human type; the Jack is the moving center in that function, the Queen the emotional center, and the King the intellectual center.

The Ace of clubs is for the instinctive function, the Ace of spades for the moving function, the Ace of hearts for the emotional function, and the Ace of diamonds for the intellectual function.

The effort of the Fourth Way to make sense of human behavior and classifying mankind into a meaningful structure is all based on conjectures. Susan Zannos is trying to lay the theoretical ground or a hierarchical picture of human behaviors that goes like this:

The jacks or the lowest forms of intelligence in the four human functions (which are the instinctive club, the moving spade, the emotional heart, and the intelligence diamond) are the mechanical parts that operate without attention and thus are unaware of each other manifestations.  The queens exert a strong influence on intelligence forms but they do not work together; for example, when the queen of clubs is tired or hungry, the queen of hearts is more likely to fly into a rage over some small matters; when the queen of spades becomes fascinated by scuba diving, the queen of diamonds is stimulated to start reading about barrier reefs, and the queen of clubs looks for recipes for cooking abalone.  The kings or highest levels of intelligence, work together and can combine their different varieties of intelligence so that they may operate with mutual awareness. For example, it may be impossible to isolate the king of hearts’ aesthetic sensibilities from the king of spades’ awareness of effective design in proportion; the king of diamonds ability to apply scale and relativity in thinking requires the king of heart’s capacity to examine possibilities without identification.

The instinctive function is the most basic and most powerful mind that can override the other three functions, especially when the body is suffering from illnesses and physical disturbances and imbalances; in that case, the instinctive mind shut down the other functions until the body recovers from this survival circumstance.

The intellectual part in the instinctive function or king of clubs controls the energy of the whole person and kicks in without intentional decision in dangerous situations and can become a constant energy drain in older people, preventing them from doing activities they should be attempting.

When the intellectual center in the instinctive function is strong then, the split second before an inevitable life threatening situation can seem to stretch for minutes, so the person is allowed the needed time to observe and maneuver around the danger.

Telepathy, clairvoyance, charisma, and such experiences considered paranormal or extra-sensory, may be functions of the king of clubs.  The king of clubs has the ability to put an invisible wall, a force field, around itself to repel unwanted advances from other people and may have paranoia in their concern for safety.

The kings of the four functions are developed through conscious efforts; the effort to be more intelligent results in unified interactions among the kings which generate stronger will to be able to do and to love.  The more developed the kings are in the four functions the more they can keep the queens under control from extreme mood swings because the queens have the capacity to hoard most of the energy available once the energy of the basic instincts for survival are supplied.

Reading this book I could not but feel a tacit hypothesis that the dominant gland during childhood might be the determining factor in an individual’s psychological and physical make up.

I think that it could be a valid hypothesis to invest on longitudinal experiments (carried over long periods throughout individuals’ life) in that direction.

Since pediatric physicians can determine from a set of graphs how tall a kid is going to be without drastic interventions, it might be possible to determine the normal psychological characteristics of kids if suitable non intrusive methods are discovered to determine their glands activities.  At least, mothers could benefit by learning more about what to expect and how to care for their kids and redirect their kids’ tendencies.

Human Types: Essence and the Enneagram. Part 1 

Note: I don’t mind reviewing esoteric and controversial manuscripts.  The general public is varied.  You will realize that this pseudo-science is a combination of associating known psychological characteristics to cosmology terminology in order to make it sound as a scientifically researched field.

It is an interesting fictional reading, unless you end up believing that it is a science, simply because you indeed fit nicely into one of the described categories.

I review on Dec. 6, 2006 the book “Human Types; Essence and the Enneagram” by Suzan Zannos

I got a copy of the book that my nephew William asked me to read because he enjoyed it.  Although William is pretty much a down to earth guy and graduating in two majors: graphic design and architecture, he prefers to read metaphysical teachings and doing yoga.  I thought that this is an opportunity to get into his mind and what makes him tick.

The book is basically of two parts:

1. The first part expounds on the four functions of the instinctive mind, the moving mind, the intellectual mind, and the emotional mind and differentiating between essence and personality, and between active/passive characteristics, and positive/negative behaviors.

2. The second part discusses the seven typical types and the enneagram as developed by the infamous Russian mystic Gurdjieff.  I have already written about Gurdjief in another book review titled “The princes of the crazy years.

I have already described what I discovered to be my relationship with each typical type and my own behavior in my diary; so this review is strictly informative.  These chapters describe the planets related to these types, their main gland hormones, their tendencies along the four dimensions of intelligence processes, emotional, instinctive, and movement centers of behavior, as well as what to expect from the child and how to guide him.

I will bypass the planets description because first, it is not the place and second, I sincerely think it is hogwash to try finding correlations with the features of the planets and mankind characteristics: I believe that since Earth is closest to the Sun than Saturn or Jupiter, and that the all-powerful energies emanating from the Sun should eclipse any effects from the tiny planets such as Mercury or Mars, thus trying to affix some sort of effects of the planets on human behavior is a ridiculously pretty weak endeavor. The effects of our moon are a different subject.

I might describe briefly the gland hormones because they might be relevant at the growth stage, but their effects on human characteristics might be based on conjectures because I doubt that any data were collected by the members of the Fourth Way on individuals in their childhood to draw any conclusions.

Although these chapters provide bodily dimensions and shapes for the typical humans, I strongly ask you to forget categorizing your essence based on the physical characteristics because first, they did not apply to me and second, you might get sidetracked from the essential parts of the typical psychological, emotional, and intellectual behaviors.

Maybe the two extremes in physical characteristics such as the Saturn (the tallest and best built) and the Mercurian (the shortest and skinniest) might suggest ready fit, though all the other types can be in any shape and stature.

In addition to the seven typical types such as Lunar, Venusian, Mercurian, Jovial, Martial, Saturnine, and Solar, we have six other combinations such as: Lunar-Venusian, Venusian-Mercurial, Jovial-Lunar, Martian-Saturnine, Saturnine-Mercurial, and Martial-Jovial.  Also, these types are supposed to be based on observations, thus whatever you daydream about and how you wish to behave does not count in the practical categorizations of types.

Since it is extremely difficult to indulge in self-observation because we are prone to observe the atypical tendencies in ourselves, when normal patterns have been somehow disrupted, we however can easily discover the essence in others because the others would behave as children (the child within) when caught behaving according to their essence.

Essence is different from personality, which is related to social and cultural influences, and thus the type discuss the essence of the group. Finally, I described the Lunar, Venusian, and Solar types more extensively than the other four types, simply because they relate more to my characteristics.

The Lunar type is the only passive as well as negative type among the seven typical categories. Passivity is defined here as the tendency not to change or improve the environment or social structures, but to accept or go along with what surround us; thus the outside world acts upon the passive type and is viewed as threatening; the passive type needs to develop a hard shell as defense against the onslaught of impressions and experiences that confront him.  Negativity is defined by the tendency to focus on the weaknesses or faults in other people’s ideas, clothing, behavior, or intentions; the stimulus is something to ignore, hide from, deflect, refuse, or escape.

The Lunar body is generally frail, the features incompletely formed, the chin is weak and receding, the shoulders hunched over, and the eyesight weak and preferring dim light.  The Lunar does not like crowds or being the focus of attention; he prefers solitude to socializing.  He can be found sitting in a corner or standing by the wall, observing but not participating in the activity or conversation.  The Lunar is good with details.  The Lunar’s main feature is willfulness.

Fear is a typical characteristic of the Lunar type.. Lunars are night people, and can tolerate working the graveyard shift more easily than other types.  They can be found as night desk clerks, short order cooks in all-night diners, night auditors, night nurses and orderlies in hospitals.  They are more suited for careers in accounting, library science, legal research; they are scholars, inventors, mathematicians, philosophers, painters, musicians, and writers; any job that requires tolerance for solitude and sustained concentration.

Woody Allen, St Theresa, the New Yorker cartoonists Charles Addams, and the poet Rainer Maria Rilke are of this type.  There is an apocryphal story that, every once in a while, the editor of Adams would receive some of his cartoons, then pick up the phone and call Charles Addams psychiatrist and tell him: “Go get Charles.”  The maximum attraction is toward the Saturnine type who plans and guides and their relationship is more like parent and child. The Saturnine type is at the midpoint of masculinity while the Lunar is at the midpoint of femininity; there is a greater tendency toward homosexuality among male Lunars than among other types.

The Lunar child should not be forced to mingle, be the center of attraction, to participate in sports, or to enjoy parties otherwise you make him biter, vindictive, and vicious by trying.  The Lunar child combined tendencies toward pessimism and introspection can produce extremely low self-esteem because intellectually they are the slowest people and need plenty of time to digest the details before reacting; that is why Lunar children need the most supportive and loving environment despite the fact that they seem the least lovable and affectionate; they cannot be hurried, do not like surprises or being hugged.

The dominant endocrine gland is the pancreas which produces insulin, glucagon and somatostatin. The glucagon stimulate the liver to break down stored sugar for use.  The somatostatin hormone is a messenger hormone that controls the secretion of intestinal hormones and the release of growth hormone from the pituitary gland. The pancreas also supplies lymphocytes to the blood to fight infections.

I might be a Lunar because I can be willful when pressured, skeptical and cynical in my conversation, and need advanced notice to mull over an invitation, though I abhor being personally responsible to go over the details in anything. In my dream day projects I do think about every detail but not in real life.  I avoid bodily confrontations and conversations that have extreme positions but I turn out to be a merciless person when cornered or pressured.

The Venusian type is passive and positive; an earthly type with broad hips and thighs, commonly found in the South Sea Islanders, North and Central American Indians and the Mediterranean countries.  He is a born follower, preferring to live through others, emulating other people’s opinion and ideas, as long as he is not asked to decide for himself or select among alternatives choices.

For example, if asked: “Shall we go to a movie or a concert?” he will say: “Whatever you want to do is fine with me.”; “Would you join me for a sky dive or bungee jumping?” “Sure I join you.”  Venusians are warm and nurturing, for example they will be staying with their aging parents, content to enjoy family life through nephews and nieces, taking them to the park and joining them with their activities, rather than having children of their own.

Venusians are fond of creature comforts and familiar surroundings. If they are hungry then the left-overs in the fridge will do fine.  They may be slothful and untidy.  The chief feature is being frequently nonexistent in the mind of strangers when among a group of people, for example, if the waiter forgot the order of someone in the group, most probably it is the order of the Venusian.

I realized that many of my school mates don’t even recollect my face, even that sometimes we sat for an entire year on the next chair. The concerns of the other types don’t seem to perturb the Venusian, nor do their striving  anxieties, or problems.  Venusians can be found putting about in the garden, sometime pruning roses or trees, raking a few leaves and discarding the ones that mom rakes, watering a few patches of green vegetables.  The Venusian is a warm and sympathetic listener, always willing to hear about problems without either judging or offering advice.

The Venusian child may easily remain unnoticed if there are other children in the family who present problems or clamor for attention; the child will be content to follow his siblings around and passively watch them play, sit for hours in front of the television set lost in the cartoon characters or situation comedies.  The Venusian child is well-behaved, easy to please, and quiet; I guess that is how I grew up.

At school the Venusian child is not noticed by the teacher or quite remembers the face, thus the teacher’s remarks on his grade cards are noncommittal like, “Venus is showing progress.”  The Venusian child needs to be encouraged to make decisions like selecting his clothing, be given chores to do and be followed through like helping in preparing the food, be asked his opinion about the menu or the story he read.  I wish my parents knew better and followed these suggestions.

There probably are some “famous Venusians”, an oxymoron, but most probably they imitated some other type or what they did was atypical of a Venusian.

The dominant gland hormone is the parathyroids which releases calcium into the bloodstream, thus it causes bones to partially dissolve to add the calcium into the blood.  The parathyroids hormone also causes the kidney to excrete the phosphorus normally bound to the calcium; is that why I have to piss every 45 minutes on average?  Frequently, the Venusian has trouble with his teeth, brittle bones in later years, and symptoms of lethargy, fatigue, and weakness due to high levels of calcium in the blood.

I exhibit the behavior of almost a typical Venusian although my hips are not large at all and my thighs are skinny.  I do enjoy my comfort and I am not tidy in my life style. Unlike the Venusians, my memory is faulty and I cannot repeat what I heard or understood.  I do not recall faces or names and many, who considered me their role model, were deceived when they realized that I had completely forgotten them, face and name.

The Solar type is active and the most positive of all the typical types. He is a childlike type with delicate bone structure, fine skin, a long neck, level shoulders, tapering waist, and long legs; he is the most attractive of all the human types.  Although the other six types can have characteristics of one other type, the Solar does not have a fixed place on the enneagram; he is an anomaly and may acquire the characteristics of all the types. The chief feature of the Solar is naiveté and does not learn from experience.

The Solars frequently die young from either disease or suicide.

The typical famous persons are Judy Garland and Marlene Monroe.  In each center of the instinctive, moving, intellectual, and emotional centers the negative parts seems underdeveloped and unbalanced, thus the Solar is not able to accustom himself to the harsher aspects of reality.  The Solar can forget about time, meals, or dressing appropriately for the weather.  This type drives himself completely in his project, survives on chocolate bars from vending machines until he succumbs to sickness before finding reasons to relax and care for his body.

Solars do not comprehend jokes or have any sense of humor because of their totally positive nature.  They experience a sense of loneliness, a feeling of not belonging, not fitting in; they do not have a maximum attraction type, and are comfortable of other Solars.

If you have a Solar child you can resign yourself to seeing your pediatrician very often and spending a lot of sleepless nights because your kid is going to catch the children illnesses and a host of allergies.  The parents have to remind the Solar kids when he is hungry and sleepy and, thus he needs a great deal of parental supervision and instruction.  Since Solar kids never learn from experience when falling or hurting themselves then they need proper training in forming correct habits or following safe procedures.

The dominant gland is the thymus that governs growth in children and usually is atrophied after puberty.  This gland lies behind the breastbone and produces thymine which also controls the lymphocytes; the thymus hormone is believed to either cause disease or to allow diseases to be contracted. The life of the thymus in Solar extends beyond puberty which offers this type strong childlike characteristic of magical possibilities in a fairy tale world.

I think that I have been living a fairy tale in my day dreaming world. I might be a Solar because I am naïve in my relationship and can be swindled easily, though I lack the boundless energy of the Solar and I can never forget about my physical needs and relaxation time. I guess that I have a face that professional swindlers need only a fraction of a second to know that I am their perfect victim; I could be targeted many times and not learn much from my unfortunate experiences.

The Mercurial type is active and negative.  He is wiry and the shortest of the human types.  He is rapid in movement and well-coordinated; he is the fastest of the human types.  He is a natural entertainer and can be deceitful; the Mercurial sparkles with warmth and humor.  He uses his quick perceptions to take advantage of the unwary; when a Mercurial enters a room he notices every detail, even the worn spot in the carpet, and he understands more than the people around him.   The chief feature of the Mercurial is likely to be his manipulative power.

The dominant endocrine hormone is the thyroid which controls metabolic rate, thus in response to low body temperature the thyroid converts food into energy and the byproduct heat; otherwise the body would store calories in the form of fat.  Deficiency in thyroid hormone secretion retards brain development. Over secretion of thyroid hormone produces symptoms of hyperactivity, nervousness, and difficulty of concentration and rapid mood shifts.  The Mercurial is prone to insomnia and sleep disturbances; they wake easily and suffer from real or imaginary aches and pains.

If you have a Mercurial child there will be fretfulness, sleepless nights, colic, and demanding squalling.  As a toddler, the Mercurial child will be into twice as much mischief as other types because he has an insatiable curiosity, though he is wary and on the lookout for danger.  His energy is inexhaustible and you need to allow him plenty of opportunity to run, climb, and exercise.

In school, the Mercurial kid is smart, mischievous, and bored, and should not be drugged into a submissive apathy.  This type of kid needs help in being consistent, and following through on commitments.  This kid is extremely manipulative and is going to use any devious methods they can think of to avoid detection or punishment.

The Saturn type is active and positive. He is the largest type, tall with heavy bone structure.  He tends to occupy positions of leadership and work for the common good.  He appears slow to act and mostly serious. They have confidence in their abilities and plan every thing, considering all the factors and taking into account peoples’ inputs and opinions before deciding on a vigorous action.

For example, on finding their ways through the Paris metro maps, while the Mercurial might reach his destination first on the first day, the Saturn will be first all the remaining days and lead the group on its errands.  The Saturn women are slender and photogenic as preferred in fashion models. The chief feature of a Saturn is often dominance.  A representative cartoon in Beetle Bailey for deciding on an officer says: “We’ll consider all their qualifications and then pick the tallest one,” who is a Saturn in general.

If you have a Saturn child, the most difficult problem is to remember that he is still a child.  The Saturn child is so competent that he is often given more responsibilities that he should be shouldering; he can be left alone to care for the house and care for himself.  A few of the Saturn type are Abraham Lincoln, Prince Charles and Princes D and the USA mascot Uncle Sam.

The dominant gland for the Saturn is the anterior pituitary which regulates and monitors the amount and ratio of the other endocrine glands in the blood stream.  It is termed the master gland for its complex messenger services.  The hormone designated as ACTH is associated with the stimulation of the adrenal steroids in response to stress and affects learning and memory.

The other hormone produced by the anterior pituitary is the TSH which inhibits or stimulates the synthesis and secretion of the thyroid hormones affecting metabolism.  A third hormone produced is the growth hormone, particularly bone growth.  The fourth hormone produced is the sex hormones.

The Martial type is active and negative. He is average in height, powerfully built, developed torso, and broad shoulders.  The activity of a Martial is goal-oriented; once embarked upon a project, the Martial will work tirelessly until the task is completed, and then start another one.

He is quick to respond to stimulus and is down to earth and practical, unsophisticated and even coarse behavior. The chief feature may be destructiveness and power seeking; it might also be fear. The famous painter, Vincent Van Gogh, who failed to sell any of his paintings in his lifetime and still persisted in his undertaking everyday against all odds, is a typical Martial.

If you have a Martial child you need to be extremely vigilant; have a special rate with your family doctor for stitches by the yard, broken bones, and bruises.  Save your energies for the really important instructions such as “don’t run into the street without looking or crawl out onto the roof.  You don’t have to doubt your Martial kid’s word and don’t try to ask him to say a polite untruth; for instance, “Thank you for inviting me” is acceptable since he will not say that he had a good time if he didn’t.  Explaining to a Martial kid tact and social grace will be a difficult task

The dominant gland is the adrenals; the abundance of adrenals in the blood stream governs the flight or flight responses. The hormone noradrenaline is associated with aggressive action and adrenaline secretion with apprehension, anxiety and skin pigmentation.  Thus, the Martial has an explosive temper and is quick to attack or rapid retreat without stopping to consider the consequences of their actions.

The Jovial type is passive and positive. He is heavily built above the waist, portly or at least chubby with skinny legs in proportion to their structure. Intellectual abilities are natural to him and his learning seems effortless. He is fond for rich foods and good wine; he has the tendency to be overfed, overindulged, and overprotective of children and friends that the solicitous Jovial can become oppressive to be around.  He has a sunny nature and good humor. He gets involved with many people and many projects.

The Jovial women enjoy bright colors and rich fabric and are likely to have extensive wardrobes of loose clothing. The chief feature of a Jovial is likely to be vanity, and also nurturing and caring for people.  Benjamin Franklin, the famous scientist and statesman, is a typical Jovial, as well as Johann Sebastian Bach.

The dominant gland is the posterior pituitary. The two hormones vasopressin and oxytocin are produced by the hypothalamus and then stored and released by the posterior pituitary.  Oxytocin is associated with the smooth muscles of the interior organs and also causes the ejection of milk from the mammary glands. Vasopressin serves as a anti-diuretic by promoting water re-absorption and controls the blood pressure.  Both hormones are involved with memory, concentration, and learning.

The Jovial child is calm, obedient, and is surrounded by admirers whom he helps with their homework. Parents indulge these kids with sweets and toys because the Jovial children show so much pleasure from receiving presents and are such a joy in creating harmony.

The Jovial kid does well in school and brings home straight A on his report card and he achieves without much effort.  Parents have to help him to learn discipline and perseverance and check his natural vanity.




October 2008

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