Adonis Diaries

Archive for October 7th, 2009

Mutual genocide: Armenians and Turks

 Note: The Armenians in Lebanon demonstrated yesterday against the potential accord between Armenia and Turkey.  What is the story?

            There are geographical locations and regions that are cursed historically.  This essay is not about cities that experienced frequent disasters by natural calamities; for example, we have cities that had vanished because built near active volcanoes such as Pompeii in Italy, others because of being located on seismic faults such as Beirut and lately the Abruzzi region in Italy, and others succumbing to tidal waves and hurricanes such as Bangladesh, Indonesia, the USA Gulf regions, and Rangoon where people perish by the hundred of thousands every year and keep rebuilding in the same devastated areas. 

This article is about cities located on major trade routes and suffered recurring genocides because of human greed for domination and power.  I will focus on the city of Karss in Turkey on the eastern side of the Anatolia Plateau (Anadol).  Karss is built by the river Karss and a must cross location on the route from Georgia, Tabriz (Iran), the Caucasus and Tiflis. I urge my readers to recollect other cursed cities through history.

Eastern Anatolia and the Caucasus form one homogeneous geographic area in economy, culture, and social communication and trades. The Armenians on both sides preferred to pay allegiance to Christian Russia and wished that Russia would grant them administrative autonomy in the Caucasus; the Moslems on both sides paid allegiance to the Moslem Ottoman Empire. The triangle of the current States of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan were the scenes of major battle fields and invasions through history and is still a hot area till now.

            The Nobel Literature Prize winner Orhan Pamuk published “Snow” that described the calamities suffered by the inhabitants of the Karss region.  The Armenian people lived in that region for a thousand years and then many waves of immigrants and refugees from persecutions flocked to it.  The Karss region hosted people from the Empires of Persia, Byzantium and then Moguls, Georgians, Kurds, and Cherkessk. In the 17th century, the Karss region was predominantly of Moslems and then Armenians were second in numbers.

The Russian Empire vied for this region since the 18th century. In 1827, Russia entered Karss and chased out over 27,000 Moslems and transferred 45,000 Armenians to this city from Iran and the Anatolian Plateau. The city of Yerevan (Capital of the current State of Armenia) that was mostly of Iranians was transformed demographically in 1827.  In every Russian invasion to the Karss region, the Russian troops could rely on the Armenian population for auxiliary regiments, logistics, and intelligence services. As the Russian troops vacated the region in 1829, over 90,000 Armenians fled with the Russians fearing well deserved persecutions.

During the Crimea War, that confronted Russia against the combined alliance of Britain, France, and the Ottoman, the Russians put siege on Karss in 1855 for many months and all the Ottoman army within the city was massacred.  The Paris treaty of 1855 forced the Russians to vacate the Karss region. The Ottoman troops retaliated heavily on the Armenians.

In 1859, the Cherkessk, led by their leader Shamel, revolted against the Russians and were defeated; many Christian Russian Orthodox were transferred to Karss to replace the Moslem Cherkessk.  The same eviction process befell three-quarter of the Moslems of Abkhazia in 1867.  Thus, in less than 30 years, the Russian Empire changed the demographics of the Caucasus from mostly Moslems to mostly Christians. Over 1, 200,000 Moslems were forced to transfer to other regions; 800,000 of the Moslems settled in the Ottoman Empire. 

In 1877, the Russians amassed troops on the border with Karss; Sultan Abdel Hamid preempted the invasion by massacring the Armenians on ground that they will inevitably aid the Russians. After 93 days of war, the Russians entered Karss and a pogrom on the Moslems proceeded for many days. The treaty of San Estephanos relinquished the region to the Russian Empire. The Russians built a new city south of the city of Karess where the Emperor Alexander III met with his concubines and hunted. In the next 43 years, the Armenians harassed the Moslems of this region and thousand had to flee. In retaliation, Sultan Abdel Hamid formed in 1891 a special regiment of Kurdish cavalry with the purpose of harassing the Armenians of the Karss region and the pogrom around Lake Van raised an outcry in Europe.

During the First World War, the Armenians again aided the Russians and formed semi-regular armies to fight the Ottoman Empire.  Consequently, in 1915, the Ottoman Empire launched the genocide plan against the Armenians and thousands died of famine during the long march out of Turkey; the Armenians settled in Constantinople (Istanbul) and Adana shared in the mass persecution; only the Armenians in the Caucasus, within Russia, were spared.  The British occupied the Karss region in 1919 and gave some authority to the Armenians who gathered arms from the Moslems and gave them to the Armenians and another round of harassment and massacres took place.

The Turkish General Mustafa Kemal re-occupied the Karss region in 1920 after defeating the Armenian army: the Bolsheviks were then allied to the new Turkish Republic. The Russians transferred the Armenians from the region of Patum to Yerevan.

In 1927, all the properties of the Armenians in Karss were confiscated. The Armenians were robbed of a homeland because Turkey ceased Cyprus to Britain in exchange of guaranteeing the Karss region to Turkey.  Mustafa Kemal (Attaturk) also negotiated a political deal with France to relinquish the Syrian region of Alexandrite to Turkey, setting the premises for future regional feuds.

Nowadays, there are no Armenians in Karss; the imposing buildings of Tsarist Russia are government Administrative offices; a vast villa of 40 rooms is transformed into hospital, and a Jewish museum. An entire century of struggles, massacres, harassments, genocides, and useless hate to their neighbors in order to gain self-autonomy rewarded the Armenians nothing.  They had to wait for the break down of the Soviet Union to enjoy the Armenian State that is totally dependent in its economy on the neighboring States.  Kosovo, Kashmir, Jerusalem, Gaza, and Palestine are current examples of lost opportunities for stability and peace.

Armenia and Turkey owe each other deep apologies for the mutual genocide they perpetrated in history.  I applaud the rapprochement between the two neighboring states as a start for serious active and pragmatic apology and remuneration.

Many rooms for Happiness

Happiness is good health short on memory (Ingrid Bergman)

  1. There are always pieces missing in happiness (Bossuet)
  2. It is difficult to find happiness in ourselves; it is impossible elsewhere. (Buddha)
  3. Happiness requires talent; misfortune none (Cocteau)
  4. When you swim in happiness keep a toe on firm ground (Escayrol)
  5. Happiness is not acquiring nor enjoying but not desiring to be free (Epictete)
  6. Happiness is the blues at rest (Leo Ferre)
  7. Happiness is kid’s dream realized in adulthood (Sigmund Freud)
  8. Happiness is rarely current (Gusdorf)

10.  Happiness is attention to details (Liu Hiang)

11.  Happiness is not of reason but of imagination. (Emmanuel Kant)

12.  Happiness is to resume desiring what we already have.(Saint Augustine)

13.  Two serve happiness: faith and love (Charles Nodier)

14.  The largest room in the House of Happiness is the waiting room (Jules Renard)

15.  Happiness doubles every time we share it. (Albert Schweitzer)

16.  Do not proclaim a person happy before he dies (Sophocles)

17.  I have decided to be happy: it is great for health (Voltaire)

18.  Happiness is learning to enjoy solitude (Adonis49)

19.  If you can’t be happy then scrap Heaven: we enjoy what we know. (Adonis49)

20.  Cultivate your garden: happiness is sprouting (Adonis49)

21.  Are you a survivor? Stop searching: you are wrapped with Happiness (Adonis49)

Give me fairness; I’ll be happy for both of us (Adonis49)

State security services: Israel as third subcontractor  

            Learning “Politics” in one article is feasible.  Consider that the Zionist State is a third security subcontractor in the Middle East region; that Cheney-Halliburton is the second subcontractor and the US multinational oil cartel as the client for contracting out military campaigns in this region and you will get a much clearer picture of the Gaza conditions.  We can go even further in details and consider the Israeli Parliament as the first rank executive of the third mercenary subcontractor, the Israeli government as the second in ranking, and the Israeli “Defense Force” as the cheaply paid executing contractors and dotted with the latest weapons of mass murder.

            The politically weak trio of (Olmert-Barak-Livney) in the current “temporary” Israeli government was given license, not just to kill, but to commit genocide in order to tame any kind of “resistance” to the Greater Middle East Strategy of total hegemony on the Arab Gulf oil production and distribution.  The soldiers in the Israeli “Defense” forces are naively indoctrinated to serve a fictitious religious Jewish State as their “Homeland” and are also asked to serve their military machine two months every year as reservists after three years of active duty. 

No wonder the US/Israeli military-industrial complex are not hot for peace or a variation on peace with the neighboring “Arab” States:  security contracts would dwindle drastically.  I hear that if a semblance of peace is forced in the Middle East then Blackwater, Triple Canopy, DynCorp and company will enjoy a large pool of trained and experienced mercenaries in the Israeli reservists.

President Moubarak of Egypt is the support subcontractor with the task of closing off all supply entrances to the Palestinians in Gaza, tightening the siege on one million and a half civilians, allowing the landing of arm shipments to Israel, and then leading the “cease fire” negotiations.  The 85 million outraged Egyptians will be permitted to demonstrate in districts outside of the Capital Cairo to vent out their rage and frustration. In Lebanon, demonstrators visit the barb wire surrounding the Egyptian Embassy to hand more assortments of footwear, an adequate symbol for this lousy and treacherous Moubarak dictatorial regime

Jordan (of the Hashemite tribe) is the second support subcontractor with the difficult task of containing Palestinian outrage in Jordan and the West Bank by all means possible. Mass demonstrations in front of the Israeli Embassy in Amman were quashed with utmost vengeance.

The theocratic and oligarchic monarchy in Saudi Arabia is basically the main “producer” of the hecatomb gore movie; the Saudi regime is ordered to come up with the finance in lieu of the US oil cartel with no return whatsoever.  In fact, the Saudi monarchy will invest in the “reconstruction” of Gaza simply to secure the Wahhabi sect predominance in the Arabic Peninsula and its neighborhood. It is to be known that the Wahhabi sect is darkest, prehistoric extremist religious sect in the history of Moslem sects and the source of modern Al Qaeda (Bin Laden) and Taliban (Afghanistan) movements.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

October 2009
M T W T F S S
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031  

Blog Stats

  • 1,419,043 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.adonisbouh@gmail.com

Join 771 other followers

%d bloggers like this: