Adonis Diaries

Biodiversity: Nagoya (Japan) 10th conference

Posted on: November 2, 2010

Japan is hosting the representatives of 193 States that signed the 1992 treaty for preserving biodiversity in Rio de Janeiro’s “Summit Earth”.  It was agreed in that summit in 1992 for protecting 10% of natural spaces in every signatory State in order to diminish the rate of extinction of species.  The Indian economist Pavan Sukhdev estimates that $3 trillion could be saved each year if the rate of deforestation is reduced by half.

The vast Brazil atlantic forest has been reduced to 10% for demographic expansion; many animal species are not able to survive on these remaining patch work virgin spaces.  Reforestation will be financed out of the CO2 credits.

So far, funds allocated to protecting biodiversity have dropped to less than $3.3 billion in 2008 from almost $4 billion in 2007.  However, surface dedicated to sustainable forests has climbed to 4 million square kilometers in 2010 from almost nil in 1995.  Earth lands occupied by protected species has increased to over 25 million square kilometers in 2010 from almost nil in 1970.

Norway has set aside one billion dollars to rehabilitating humid tropical forest in northern Indonesia.  Fractions of that aid will be paid out as the Indonesian government show concrete realizations in preserving the ecosystem.  Indonesia hosts 10% of vegetable species, 17% of reptiles and birds, and 12% of mammal species.

San Diego Zoo is freezing specimen of skin species doomed to extinction so that to reconstitute the species later on using cell stump techniques.

The most promising activities are coming from private enterprises.  The new motto is to prove to people that they can make profit protecting species instead of just forbidding hunting.  For example, the poor and vast country of Namibia (Africa) is generating huge profit from “Hunting Sport” of the well-to-do; Namibia is employing 250,000 citizens protecting wild life population that increased 60% since 1960.

Africa is reaping $200 billion from hunting sport activities that are turning to luxury safaris costing $1,400 per night (excluding all other expenses).  Tourism revenue from visitors to the preserved land of Camp Selinda (Botswana) climbed to $3 billion.  The private South African association African Parks Network is administering national parks in Africa; for example the reserves of PN Garanba (Rep. Dem. Congo) and Ol Pejeta Park in Kenya.

The US and Russia signed a treaty for a project to reserving the strategic lands on both sides of Bering Straight in the arctic.  infrastructure will be developed to encouraging tourism and thus, protecting whales and polar bears.

The Pentagon spends 56 million to preserving the 15 million hectares of virgin lands used in the various military training grounds.  For example, commanders are trained to applying the “Endangered Species Act” in the training centers of Fort Stewart and Townsend Range (Georgia); Eglin in Florida; Island San Clemente and Twenty-Nine Palms in California.

It appears that virgin lands in Africa are ideal for relocating extinguished species living in zoos:  There is no way of measuring the “spiritual value” of intact virgin lands still in existence.  The greatest hope relies on the rich Chinese and Indian investors for protecting natural life in Africa.

It appears that the Nagoya conference was not a success.  No specific regulations were demanded on particular countries and the final resolution paper was delayed for publishing several days.  Only two third of the 200 States sent representative of lower echelons; only five small State Presidents showed up.  If the conference was related to banking or finance you would have witnessed all world Presidents hurrying up to have their photos taken.

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November 2010

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