Adonis Diaries

Archive for August 20th, 2013

Israel Filka Site: Fouad Seniora, Lebanon former PM, an Israeli Spy…?
Hezbollah Secretary General, Hassan Nasr Allah gave an extensive interview to the channel Al Mayadeen, a day before the car bombing of Bir Al Abed that harvested 26 killed and over 270 injured.
In that interview, corresponding to the anniversary of the cease fire of Israel preemptive war on Lebanon in 2006, and which lasted 33 day, Nasr Allah explained:
“On the 30th day of the war, Israel dropped all its preconditions in order to reach a UN resolution for a cease fire. The US and Israel dropped their conditions for the demilitarization of Hezbollah, the assembling of a 15,000 UN peace corps before retreating, or the return of the 400,000 Lebanese refugees to their villages and towns in the south… The return of the two kidnapped Israeli soldiers were to be dealt with in later swap negotiations for prisoners….
The problem was that the UN was waiting for the response of the Lebanese government agreement to the resolution for it to take effect.
Fouad Muhammad Seniora was the PM and he delayed the response for two days: He was an even more of a hardliner than Israel and US combined, and wanted that Hezbollah hands over its weapons to the Lebanese army, even knives, before he agrees to Resolution 1701.
What happened in the following two days?
1. Israel air bombed haphazardly the area of Dahiya, demolishing buildings in order to inflict maximum casualties among the civilians.
2. Israel demanded cluster bombs, and British Tony Blair PM obliged by shipping the bombs from a Scottish military depot. Israel spread 4 million tiny bombs in the south with the objective of delaying the return of the Lebanese to the south
Most Lebanese strongly suspected, if not convinced that Seniora was a US agent, but Israel Filka Site dropped this bombshell on August 2013: “Seniora has been an Israeli spy since 1974, and participated in the assassination of his boss Rafic Hariri PM in 2005…”
فؤاد السنيورة
The spy Fouad Seniora.
Israel Filka Site revealed that Israel Military censured an article by Aaron Goldbird (former Mossad agent) in the daily Haaretz that mentioned Lebanon former Fouad Seniora PM to be an Israeli spy since 1974.
Israel Filka Site pointed out in its report Bleu Farcom the following:
1. Commander Goldbird worked for the Mossad from 1970 to 1989 and was the “handler” of Seniora and met with him three time during Lebanon civil war.
2. After Goldbird retirement, Israel General Prosecutor ordered him never to leave Israel.
3. The story of how Seniora was enlisted in the Mossad was released to the Israeli dailies by Gelaad Levine, Goldbird’s lawyer.
4. Goldbird was responsible for training and following up on the foreign agents in Lebanon and he receive a file called Nour
5. Goldbird traveled to Beirut under a faked French  passport (#84/33455) and rented a furnished apartment in the resort town of Aley.
6. Goldbird called Nour, who was Fouad Mohammad Seniora from Saida, and trained him on communication facilities, safe connection, techniques for gathering pieces of intelligence, and confusing the investigators… All these training were conducted in 1974
7.  Goldbird met Seniora again in Tel Aviv in late 1976, Seniora arrived via Greece
8.  He met with Seniora again in Paris
9. And a third time in 1977 using a faked Jordanian passport.
10. Every time Seniora met with Goldbird, he would carry Lebanese sweet in the name of his family, claiming to be handmade by himself
11. Goldbird was dumbfounded as he watched Seniora on TV acting as Prime Minister to Lebanon.
12. Seniora offered Israel very important pieces of intelligence before and after he became Prime minister.
13. During Israel preemptive war on Lebanon in 2006, Seniora was Prime Minister and aided Israel far more than anyone could, particularly during his many meetings with the US administration personalities, journalists and his steadfast position against Hezbollah military power…
14. Professor Eliahu Penysson claims that it was Seniora who gave the assassins of his master Rafic Hariri the route that Hariri would be taking from the parliament
15. Seniora rewarded Hariri’s personal security man Wissam Hassan, who failed to show up the day of the assassination, by appointing him chief of the internal intelligence section, which was heavily funded and closely supported by the US, France, England and many Arab governments.
Note 1: The day the cease fire officially took effect, the Lebanese refugees returned on the same day and lived in tents for months and worked their lands. They did not wait for anyone to give them permission to return and crossed rivers and makeshift bridges on feet.  The cluster bombs are still killing and injuring Lebanese civilians since 2006, and the de-mining project is not over yet, for lack of funding.
Note 2: Seniora worked closely with Israel and allowed Israel to establish dozen of “safe houses” and weapon depots in Beirut till 2008.  He ordered that Hezbollah relinquish connecting fixed land lines that cannot be easily be monitored. Hezbollah overran all these safe houses, called private security services and Seniora was ousted as PM.
Note 3: The Algerian daily Al Shouruk published that Seniora code name was Nour with a file # 345548 and it was Seniora who forwarded to the Israeli the schedule and route of Rafic Hariri movements when Hariri was assassinated by a violent car explosion on February 1975. Seniora visited Israel via Greece and met his Israeli agents in the USA and Europe…
 هام وخاص بصحيفة الشروق الجزائريّة نتمنى نشره يا جماهير المقاومة الكرام : فؤاد محمد السنيورة , عميل الموساد الاسرائيلي منذ عام 1974 , نشرت صحيفة الشروق الجزائرية تقريراً مهماً وخطيراً , وجاء في التقرير أن الضابط الاسرائيلي أهارون غولدبرغ , جند العميل الاسرائيلي , المدعو ” نـور ” في الملف رقم 345548 , وكان ذلك في العام 1974 , ويشير الملف الى الاسم الحقيقي للعميل الموسادي نور , وهو : فؤاد محمد السنيورة , رئيس وزراء لبنان الأسبق ,ويشير التقرير بوض…وح , الى ان العميل نور هو من كشف للاسرائيليين , عن تحركات الشهيد رفيق الحريري من البرلمان الى منزله , ويتهمه التقرير بالضلوع في عملية اغتيال الشهيد الحريري , وعملية اغتيال الضابط اللبناني في فرع المعلومات , وسام عيد , وقريبا ستكتشف الصحيفة أيضا ان السنيورة , له علاقة مباشرة باغتيال وسام الحسن ,ويضيف التقرير عن اجتماعات كثيرة وعديدة , تمت بين الاسرائيليين والسنيورة , في دول اوروبية وأمريكية , حتى ان التقرير يشير الى دخول السنيورة الى اسرائيل عن طريق اليونان ,هذا هو فؤاد محمد السنيورة , ” العميل الاسرائيلي نور “فؤاد السنيورة , الذي كانت دموعه في حرب تموز نتيجة الفشل , لعدم تمكن العميل نور , من اغتيال سماحة السيد نصرالله , أو لفشله بكشف مكان اقامة السيد نصرالله في الحرب مما سبب له الكثير من الضغوطات سياسيّا وعسكريّا بعد الكم الكبير لخسائر جيش العدو الاسرائيلي في الجنوب اللبناني براً وبحراً وجواً .See More

Note 4:  I Translated the Filka Report from Arabic

• عمل المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد بجهاز الموساد الإسرائيلي خلال الفترة 1970- 1989, تمكن المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد عبر طرق ثلاث من القيام بتجنيد فؤاد السنيورة الذي يتولى حالياً منصب رئيس الوزراء اللبناني.
• بعد تسريح المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد، فرض النائب العام الإسرائيلي عليه شرط عدم الخروج من إسرائيل.
• رواية تجنيد فؤاد السنيورة لدى الموساد الإسرائيلي تم تسريبها للصحافة عبر جلعاد لافيني، محامي الدفاع عن المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد.
– تفاصيل تجنيد الموساد للسنيورة: أبرز تسريبات المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد، صرح المحامي جلعاد لافيني، بأن موكله المقدم غولد بيرد ضابط الموساد السابق، كان خلال فترة عمله مسؤولاً عن تدريب ومتابعة العاملين في جهاز المخابرات الخارجي الإسرائيلي (الموساد) في لبنان، وقد تسلم آنذاك ملفاً يحمل اسم (نور)، ورقماً خاصاً به، وذلك من أجل القيام بالمتابعة والتدريب.
انتقل المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد إلى العاصمة اللبنانية بيروت عبر مطار باريس بجواز سفر فرنسي مزور (84/33455) وبعد وصوله إلى بيروت حجز لنفسه شقة مفروشة في منتزه عاليه بجبل لبنان، بعد ذلك اتصل بالعميل (نور) والذي اتضح أن اسمه الحقيقي هو فؤاد محمد السنيورة من مدينة صيدا.
وأشرف المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد على تدريب العميل (نور) على وسائل الاتصال والمراسلة الآمنة، وتقنية الجمع الاستخباري للمعلومات، وتضليل المحققين وكان ذلك في عام 1974م.
بعد ذلك، أشار المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد بأنه قابل العميل (نور) عدة مرات:
– المرة الأولى في إسرائيل عندما نقله الموساد الإسرائيلي سراً من اليونان إلى تل أبيب وكان ذلك في أواخر عام 1976.
– المرة الثانية في باريس.
– المرة الثالثة واستخدم فيها جواز سفر أردني مزور وكانت في عام 1977.
اللقاءات الثلاثة بين المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد كانت تهدف إلى:
• تقديم المزيد من التدريب
• متابعة تطور العميل (نور)
وأفاد المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد، بأنه شاهد فؤاد محمد السنيورة على شاشة التلفزيون، وعرف فوراً أن العميل (نور) قد استطاع أن يتغلغل بنجاح ويصل إلى منصب رئيس الوزراء اللبناني.
وقال المقدم أهارون ، بأنه يتذكر عندما كان (نور) يحضر إليه على الدوام، حاملاً بيده هدايا الحلوى اللبنانية الشهيرة باسم “عائلته” وكان يؤكد لمعلمه المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد بأن هذه الحلوى من صنع يده.
هدد المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد الحكومة الإسرائيلية قائلاً بأنه حالياً “لن يستمر –في كشف المزيد- وسيتوقف عند حدود كشف رئيس الوزراء اللبناني الحالي فؤاد محمد السنيورة الذي يعمل مجنداً لصالح دولة إسرائيل منذ عشرات السنوات.
كذلك أشار المقدم أهارون بأن المجند فؤاد محمد السنيورة , والذي أشرف على تدريبه، قد قدم خدمات لصالح إسرائيل بما يفوق قدرة أي مجند إسرائيلي على تقديمها، ويتمثل أبرز هذه الخدمات في الآتي:
• ما فعله علناً خلال حرب لبنان الثانية
[1]• ما فعله بعد الحرب من لقاءات شبه علنية في واشنطن وبيروت مع صحفيين وضباط ودبلوماسيين ووزراء إسرائيليين
[2] • ما فعله من وقوفه ضد حزب الله وقائده السيد حسن نصر الله وعموماً، بالنسبة لقرائنا الذين يريدون متابعة المزيد حول ملف “مجند الموساد (نور) 0 نقلا عن صحيفة الشروق اليومي الجزائرية
وقد نشر موقع “فيلكا إسرائيل” تقريراً أعده البروفيسور إيلياهو بنيسمون , المعروف بمعاداته للكيان الصهيوني ودعمه للفلسطينيين , بنيسمون نقل هو الآخر عن غولد برغ تورط السنيورة في مقتل رئيس الحكومة اللبنانية رفيق الحريري , مشيراً بالقول:
كانت نقطة أساسية من جهود كشف قضية مقتل الحريري تقوم على محاولة معرفة من هو الشخص المقرب منه و مشيراً إلى السنيورة , الذي أعلم القتلة بخط سير موكبه , ومن هو الذي أعطى القتلة إشارة توجه من البرلمان إلى منزله ساعة الاغتيال ؟؟ , بعض الملاحظين اتهم مسؤول أمنه السابق الذي لم يغب عن الموكب إلا يوم الاغتيال , والمعروف باسم وسام الحسن و والذي كوفئ من قبل فؤاد السنيورة على تقصيره في حماية سيده رفيق الحريري بأن عينه مسؤولاً عن أكبر جهاز أمن في لبنان , وهو فرع المعلومات الذي دعمته وقوته ومولته ودربته أمريكا وفرنسا وبريطانيا وعدة دول عربية.

Our men throw acid in our faces, destroy our lives.

Should we ever stop loving men?

(Warning: Violent images)

Men throw acid on us with the intention of injuring or disfiguring us. Men throw acid on our bodies, burn our faces, smash our noses, melt our eyes, and walk away as happy men.

Acid attack is common in Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Afghanistan, Nepal, Cambodia, and a few other countries.

Men throw acid on us because men are angry with us for ending relationships, for refusing sexual harassment, sexual exploitation, proposals of marriage, demands for dowry.

They throw acid on us for attending schools, for not wearing Islamic veils, for not behaving well, for speaking too much, for laughing loudly.

India

She was 18, a college student. Three of her neighbors sexually harassed her for more than two years and then threw acid on her. Her skin on the skull, face, neck, chest and back were melted away.

After nine years of that attack Sonali Mukherjee is now blind in both eyes and partially deaf. Her father spent millions of rupees for her treatment. They have now no money. The attackers got bail from the High Court, continued threatening to kill her. She is now asking the government to help her or allow her to end her life.

Cambodia

The face of Sokreun Mean, who was blinded and disfigured by an acid attack.

Carsten Stormer, a German journalist & photographer said,

“Acid attacks deprive people of more than their looks and sight. Families are torn apart. Husbands leave their wives. Children are separated from their parents. Jobs vanish overnight, turning professionals into beggars.

Many victims cannot get through a day without constant assistance, becoming burdens on their families. All bear the mark of the pariah.

What remains is a traumatized society in which domestic disputes, unhappy love affairs, and professional rivalries are nearly always resolved through violence.

Hardly a family without its members lost to the ideological battles of the Khmer Rouge – a curse that is passed on from parents to children. Battery acid is known to be most uncomplicated way of causing lifelong suffering. A dollar will buy you a quart of acid on any street corner. The perpetrators are seldom punished. Their targets become outcasts.”

Pakistan

Fakhra Younus was attacked by her husband Bilal Khar, ex-MPA of the Punjab Assembly and the son of Pakistani Politician Ghulam Mustafa Khar. He threw acid in her face after they split up.

Tehmina Durrani, the author of ‘My Feudal Lord’, the former step mother of Bilal Khar tried to help Fakhra. She was sent to Italy for treatment. After having 39 re-constructive surgeries, Fakhra committed suicide.

The stories of the girls, from left to right:

Ten years ago Shahnaz Bibi was burned with acid by a relative due to a familial dispute. She has never undergone plastic surgery.

Najaf Sultana is now 16. At the age of 5 Najaf was burned by her father while she was sleeping. Her father didn’t want to have another girl in the family. Najaf became blind.

Shameem Akhter (20) was kidnapped and raped by a gang of men who then threw acid on her 3 years ago.

Kanwal Kayum, now 26, was burned with acid one year ago by a man whom she rejected for marriage.

Bashiran Bibi was burned at her husband’s house just after her marriage.

Nasreen Sharif was a beautiful girl. When she was 14, her cousin poured a bottle of sulphuric acid in her face. He did it because he couldn’t stand boys whistling at her when she crossed the street. Her skin melted away, her hair burned away. She is now blind, she has no ears and she has no sense of smell.


Among others, there is Shaziya Abdulsattar, an eight-year-old girl. Shaziya’s father threw acid on her and her mother Azim last year after the mother refused to sell their two boys to a man in Dubai to use as camel racers.

Bangladesh
It is very easy for a man to get sulphuric acid if he wants to attack a woman he does not like. The country has become a hot spot for acid attacks. A disfigured woman is not able to get married or get a job. She becomes a financial and social burden on her family.

Neela was forced to marry when she was 12 years old. Her husband threw acid on her face when she was 14. He was angry with Neela because her family was unable to give him the dowry money he asked for.

Nepal


Akriti Rai, 22, was attacked by her husband, a Nepali soldier.

Iran

Ameneh Bahrami rejected the offer of having a relationship with Majid Movahedi, a fellow student at the University of Tehran. He then threw a bottle of acid in her face.

Zambia


A man threw acid on a 13-year-old girl’s face to take a revenge. The older sister of the girl said: “You have to grow crocodile skin to clean the wounds of an acid survivor. The worst ordeal was while in the hospital, as the skin kept peeling off. I didn’t realize that the tongue skin was also peeling off. The young girl was pushing something in her mouth. I opened her mouth to see and found that almost the whole tongue had come off. I had to pull it out like you do with a cow and only a little red thing (tongue) remained.’

Nitric acid, sulphuric acid, hydrochloric acid are today’s weapons of choice for criminals who hate women. These acids are easy to buy, easy to hide, easy to carry, and easy to throw. A person who witnessed many acid attacks , said, ‘in a less than a minute the bone under the skin can start to be exposed. If there is enough acid, the bone itself can become a soft mass of non-distinguishable jelly. Internal organs can dissolve. Fingers, noses and ears can melt away like chocolate on a hot day.’

Ethiopia


Twenty-one-year-old woman Kamilat Mehdi’s life was changed forever when a stalker threw sulphuric acid in her face. Ismail, Kamilat’s brother said: “The man who attacked her stalked her for a few years. He gave her a hard time but she didn’t tell the family for fear that something would happen to them. He was always saying he would use a gun on them.”

Ultimately the stalker’s weapon of choice was not a gun, but a bottle of acid. He used it on Kamilat and destroyed her entire life in one second.

UK

Her lover did it. Richard Remes threw sulphuric acid on Patricia Lefranc. Her nose and eyelids were melted away, she lost sight in one eye and hearing in one ear, she also lost a finger. She came close to death, as the corrosive substance nearly burned through her heart and lungs.The horrific attack physically and emotionally scarred her for life.

What was her crime? She ended her relationship with Richard Remes, a married man.

We are more abused, harassed, exploited, kidnapped, raped, trafficked, murdered by our lovers, husbands, fathers, brothers, uncles, cousins, friends, or men we know well than by strangers.

Whatever happens to us, we never stop loving men.

The author of this article is Taslima Nasreen.
She is an award-winning writer, physician, secular humanist and human rights activist, is known for her powerful writings on women oppression and unflinching criticism of religion, despite forced exile and multiple fatwas calling for her death.
In India, Bangladesh and abroad, Nasreen’s fiction, nonfiction, poetry and memoir have topped the best-seller’s list.
Taslima Nasreen was born in Bangladesh. She started writing when she was 13. Her writings won the hearts of people across the border and she landed with the prestigious literary award Ananda from India in 1992. Taslima won The Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought from the European Parliament in 1994.
She received the Kurt Tucholsky Award from Swedish PEN, the Simone de Beauvoir Award and Human Rights Award from Government of France, Le Prix de l’ Edit de Nantes from the city of Nantes, France, Academy prize from the Royal Academy of arts, science and literature from Belgium.
Nasreen is a Humanist Laureate in The International Academy for Humanism,USA. She won Distinguished Humanist Award from International Humanist and Ethical Union, Free-thought Heroine award from Freedom From Religion foundation, USA., IBKA award, Germany,and Feminist Press Award, USA . She got the UNESCO Madanjeet Singh prize for Promotion of the Tolerance and Non-violence in 2005.
She received the Medal of honor of Lyon. She got honorary citizenship from Paris, Nantes, Lyon, Metz, Thionville, Esch etc. Taslima was awarded the Condorcet-Aron Prize at the “Parliament of the French Community of Belgium” in Brussels and Ananda literary award again in 2000. Bestowed with honorary doctorates from Gent University and UCL in Belgium, and American University of Paris and Paris Diderot University in France, she has addressed gatherings in major venues of the world like the European Parliament, National Assembly of France, Universities of Sorbonne, Oxford, Harvard, Yale, etc.
She got fellowships as a research scholar at Harvard and New York Universities. She was a Woodrow Wilson Fellow in the USA in 2009.
Taslima has written 35 books in Bengali, which includes poetry, essays, novels and autobiography series. Her works have been translated in thirty different languages. Some of her books are banned in Bangladesh. Because of her thoughts and ideas she has been banned, blacklisted and banished from Bengal, both from Bangladesh and West Bengal part of India.
She has been prevented by the authorities from returning to her country since 1994, and to West Bengal since 2007.

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Lesson for the Muslim Brother: From Karl Marx?

Is “Springtime of the Arabs” going the same downhill trend as 1848 “Springtime of the people”?

KARL MARX wrote that history repeats itself. First as tragedy, then as farce.

Marx was referring to the Revolution of 1848, when a democratic uprising against the French monarchy collapsed into a Bonapartist dictatorship (Napoleon 3rd).

Just as the French Revolution had six decades earlier in 1789.

In 1848, workers joined with liberals in a democratic revolt to overthrow the French monarchy. However, almost as soon as the old order collapsed, the opposition fell apart, as liberals grew increasingly alarmed by what they saw as “radical” working class demands.
Conservatives were able to co-opt fearful liberals and re-install new forms of dictatorship.
SHERI BERMAN published in the Opinion of the NYT this August 10, 2013: Marx’s Lesson for the Muslim Brothers
Those same patterns are playing out in Egypt today — with liberals and authoritarians playing themselves, and Islamists playing the role of socialists.
Once again, an inexperienced and impatient mass movement has overreached after gaining power.
Once again, liberals have been frightened by the changes their former partners want to enact and have come crawling back to the old regime for protection. (The army and oligarchic dominion)
And as in 1848, authoritarians have been happy to take back the reins of power.

Enlarge This Image

If Egypt’s army continues its crackdown and liberals continue to support it, they will be playing right into the hands of Marx’s contemporary successors. “Islamists of the world, unite!” they might say; “you have nothing to lose but your chains.” And, unfortunately, they will be right.

It should come as no surprise that Egyptian liberals would implore the military to begin a coup to end the country’s first experiment with democracy, just two years after they joined hands with Islamists to oust an authoritarian regime.

In the early stages of a country’s political development, liberals and democrats often don’t agree on anything other than the desirability of getting rid of the ancient regime.

Establishing a stable democracy is a two-stage process.

First, you get rid of the old regime,

Second, you build a durable democratic replacement.

Because the first stage is dramatic, many people think the game is over when the dictator has gone. But the second stage is more difficult.

There are many examples of broad coalitions coming together to oust dictators but relatively few of them stayed together and agreed on what the new regime should look like.

Opposition movements tend to lose steam, falling prey to internal squabbles and the resurgent forces of the old regime.

The year 1848, the original “springtime of the peoples,” was the first time that an organized workers’ movement had appeared on the political scene, and its demands frightened liberals.

The middle class wanted economic liberalization; many workers demanded more radical economic and social change.

Liberals favored a limited opening of the political system, while workers’ groups wanted full democratization and the power that came with it.

When it became clear that workers and socialists might win, liberals balked, and many of them turned back to the conservatives, seeing the restoration of authoritarianism as the lesser of two evils.

This is almost exactly what is playing out in Egypt now.

Years of authoritarian rule meant that political and social institutions allowing the peaceful articulation of popular dissent were systematically suppressed. And the state deliberately deepened social divisions.

When democratization came, long-dormant distrust and animosity exploded in extremist rhetoric, mass protests and violence. These things always frighten liberals, who favor order and moderation and dislike radical social experiments.

This was true in Europe in 1789 and 1848, and it’s true of Egyptian liberals today.

The problem is how liberals react to such fears.

During the late 20th-century transitions to democracy in Southern and Eastern Europe, extremism and religion weren’t major factors.

Different groups were thus able to agree on the rules of the game. Also, it was not the first try at democracy in most European countries, and the European Union was there to help.

In Egypt and other parts of the Arab world, the threat of extremism terrifies liberals, and thanks to years of authoritarianism, there isn’t a culture of compromise, nor is there a strong democratic neighbor to guide them.

The 1848 fiasco strengthened the radical elements of the socialist movement at the expense of the moderates and created a poisonous and enduring rift between liberals and workers. After liberals abandoned democracy, moderate socialists looked like suckers and radicals advocating a nondemocratic strategy grew stronger. I

n 1850, Marx and Engels reminded the London Communist League that they had predicted that a party representing the German liberal bourgeoisie “would soon come to power and would immediately turn its newly won power against the workers. You have seen how this forecast came true.” They went on to warn, “To be able forcefully and threateningly to oppose this party, whose betrayal of the workers will begin with the very first hour of victory, the workers must be armed and organized.”

This is not the lesson anybody wants Islamists to learn now.

The mistake that liberals made in 19th-century Europe was to see all socialists as fanatics.

But while some socialists were extremists, others were opposed to violence and dedicated to democracy. Those socialists — who later became Europe’s social democrats rather than communists — wanted social and economic reforms, but not ones that were mortal threats to capitalism or democracy.

Yet, for too long, European liberals were unwilling to recognize those differences; they opposed full democratization and worked actively to repress the entire movement. The results were disastrous.

Radical, violent and nondemocratic elements within the socialist movement began to ask why workers should participate in a system unwilling to accept the possibility of their victory.

And when socialists became the largest political force across Europe, liberals accepted unsavory bargains with conservatives to keep the Left out of power. As a result, European societies became increasingly divided and conflict ridden.

Egypt’s liberals are repeating those mistakes today.

Once again, they see their opponents as zealots determined to abolish everything liberals value. But just as not all socialists were pro-Stalinists, not all Islamists want to implement a theocratic regime. There are moderate Islamists today who are willing to play by the rules of the game, and they should be encouraged to do so.

Islamism is still the largest and best-organized popular political force in Egypt, and it is vital that the Egyptian Army and its liberal allies let Islamists know there is a place for them in the region’s democratic future.

If all Islamists are demonized, the divisions within Egyptian society will grow, the moderate Islamists will become marginalized, and Egypt’s political future will be troubled.

A century after 1848, social democrats, liberals and even moderate conservatives finally came together to create robust democracies across Western Europe — an outcome that could and should have happened earlier and with less violence.

Middle Eastern liberals must learn from Europe’s turbulent history instead of blindly repeating it.

Note 1: The files of Egypt Moslem Brotherhood were working class and represented Egypt rural peasants. However, the ranks of this cultist movement were staunch conservative elite, seeking wealth and domination.

Actually, the Morsi government literally begged for financial aids from the rich monarchies of the Arab States and from the IMF in order to gain a breathing space for order and stability. No financial aids were forthcoming. The potential donors believed Morsi proposals but they were apprehensive that any sustained stability will force the files to pressure their government for more radical economical reforms.

The liberals in the Middle-East, who are trying to make a difference between Islam and Christian dogmas and system of believes in order to discredit any possibility for democratic transition, are forgetting that the Christian Church was far more obscurantist and dictatorial for over 13 centuries than any radical Moslem rule.

Note 2: Lenin lambasted the social democrats for not leading a drastic revolution. However, Stalin represented the “Bonapartists” version of the Soviet Communist revolution.

Note 3: SHERI BERMANA is a professor of political science at Barnard College and the author of “The Primacy of Politics: Social Democracy and the Making of Europe’s Twentieth Century.”

Note 4: A version of this op-ed appeared in print on August 11, 2013, on page SR6 of the New York edition with the headline: Marx’s Lesson for the Muslim Brothers.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

August 2013
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