Adonis Diaries

Archive for March 2014

Only 2 religions in Lebanon

In fact, there are 18 officially recognized sects in Lebanon, and they are ruling the political and social structure in Lebanon, from birth to death, and own more than 50% of the land.

On closer scrutiny, only two religions cover the wide umbrella of diversity.

1. One religion is trained to stoop. The other one to kneel, at best.

2. One religion is trained to pray in a single direction. The other one doesn’t care about directions, as long as it is not in the direction of the other religion.

3. One religion supposedly read in one Book. The other one has the choice of two dozen Books. (The early Christian sects had their own book to read and pray. And there were many dozens of sects before Byzantium decided to label them “heretics“)

4. One religion single book is not their preferred book: they prefer to read the Hadith ( the behaviors and chatting of their prophet). The other religion are not fussy about the details in their Books, as long as the telling of  Jesus parables are close enough.

5. One religion is trained to wash in a certain manner before prayer. The other one “suggests” that you should “look it clean and decent”

6. One religion demands that you leave your “shoes” outside the entrance of the praying chamber. The other one prefers that you step in your “ceremonial shoes

7. One religion is trained to pray in open air. The other one feels ashamed if  not in an enclosed structure.

8. One religion pray facing bare walls. The other one needs at least an icon facing him to worship, a dozen is preferable. (See note 2)

9. One religion believes in Houris after death. The other one has mixed feelings about the “Virgin Mary” (See note 1)

10. One religion is ever ready to transfer a room allocated for praying into a mosque. The other one insists on the room to be “consecrated” by a Bishop

11. One religion fast from sun up to sun down (no water, no food) and gains weight for eating all kinds of sweets all night long. The other one may selectively fast on what he thinks is craving for recently. And he gains weight eating too much of everything else.

12. One religion is tight-assed in public while exhibiting the worst of rascals’ behaviors in the privacy of their homes. The other one tries to show off how libertine he can be in public, and be as a rascal in private.

13. One religion believes in One God. The other one also claims that he believes in a single God, but actually worship the Saint or icon of his choice.

It is bewildering how two religions can branch out to two dozen sects. Each sect as stupid as the next one. No badge of honor for levels of stupidity.

Note 1: The German emperor Guillaume II entered Jerusalem in 1908 and was allowed to rebuild a church dedicated to the Virgin. The church became a Lutheran Temple.

The protestants look down on the Virgin because she degraded Jesus to a mortal human, instead of being a God at a par with his father. As Guillaume landed in Beirut on his way to Damascus, the Lebanese were summoned to stay home and never welcome the emperor in the streets. At night, the people were asked to turn off all their lights so that the emperor ride in total darkness.

The emperor was hugely displeased from this silent treatment.  Possibly, there is a link between this treatment and the Turks forcing the Lebanese to starve to death during WWI, since Turkey was a vassal to Germany.

Maybe the Lebanese can be united around the Virgin against any potentates who dares to denigrates the status of Mary. Actually, the Annunciation Day that Mary will be pregnant with Christ is a national holiday.

Famine hecatomb in Lebanon https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2013/11/14/famine-hecatomb-in-lebanon-1915-18/

Note 2: Islam forbids images, pictures and statutes of the prophet and saint people. The Wahhabi sect in Saudi Arabia forbids also the pilgrimage to shrines of saint people: All shrines are burned and ruined when they occupy a country.

The Protestants in the US feel an affinity with the Wahhabi sect, maybe with the exclusion of the drastic and obscurantist punishments meted out according to Shari3a.

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Let the Jasmines Bloom Again

Hajer Tlijani posted:

Why do some people in my country Tunisia think that hope is lost and that we should surrender to an unknown dark fate?

Why is the dream seen as illegitimate in a country that lived and experienced a spectacular peaceful revolution, only three years ago?

Are we already tired after we have proved to all that dreams are our natural right and duty?

Shouldn’t we now, more than ever, complete the journey armed with hope?

I am a Tunisian woman and I will tell you why I still have hope.

I am an integral part of the nation which marked its history and present, and will mark its future.

I am Queen Dido , I am Aziza Othmana², I am Bchira Ben Mrad³, I am your mother, sister, daughter, friend,… I am the Tunisian woman, in whom hope never dies.

Long time ago, when my country had been under the French occupation, I joined the strikes. My participation was through the work of partisan struggle and during the protests where I was subjected to harassment and arrests.

I had a big role in transferring arms and information to the resistance fighters, and providing food and clothes for them, disguised as itinerant trader.

What was my only weapon at that time? Hope.

Tunisian women during the protests of April 1938

Many years later, when the breeze of the Jasmine Revolution had blown on my country at the end of the year 2010, I was not only present alongside my compatriots, but I also led the protests, bore pressures, inhaled tear gas and raised the slogans of freedom, justice and democracy.

What encouraged me at that time? Hope.

Tunisian woman during the protests of January 14th, 2011

It is during these three post-revolution years that I noticed a wave of hopelessness spreading among my friends and acquaintances.

Sometimes, when I try to convince them that we should not lose hope and that we are able to build a better future, they confront me with a kind of derision and even affirm that they regret the departure of the ousted president.

How sad and confused I feel when I encounter a young person giving up easily instead of standing up for the sake of his country!

A few other friends, however, are persuaded that, as long as we are alive, dictatorship will never come back on our land. They believe in a flourishing future, citing verses of our national anthem which became the slogan of our revolution: “If the people wanted life, Destiny must bow down”- Abu Alkassem Alchabbi³.

The change should stem from us. It is true that Tunisia is nowadays facing some political and economic issues, but it is with hope that we will be able to solve them and move on in building our country’s future.

So get up, my compatriot, and listen to me: let’s join our hands to carry on what we started 3 years ago, let’s learn from our history not to give up.

Let’s believe in ourselves and in each other and unite for the next generation’s life.

Listen to a Tunisian woman voice, a woman in whom hope never dies:  Let it be! Let the Jasmines bloom again.

Hajer Tlijani is a regional intern at the World Youth Alliance Middle East.

——————————————-

1 Aziza Othmana is a Tunisian princess. She is most famous for her charities. She freed all her slaves and took them with her to Hajj. She founded and helped to fund a hospital in Tunis in the 17th century (which still has her name).

² Bchira Ben Mrad is a Tunisian feminist. She founded and chairs the Muslim Union of Tunisian Women (Tunisia’s first women’s organization) from 1936 to 1956.

3 Abu Alkassem Alchabbi is a Tunisian poet, best known for writing the final two verses of the current National Anthem of Tunisia.

Note: Compared to other current revolutions in the “Arab World”, the political reforms in Tunisia have been a success stories. As long as democracy is heading in the right direction, Tunisia stability, security and development will out-pace the non-oil producing countries in the “Arab” world.

Women’s rights are saved, pending the frequent demands of women to preserve and keep their hard won battles.

Gerson Therapy? Natural treatment for degenerative diseases and cancer…

Without the body ability to heal and regenerate, all the drugs won’t do.

The body’s own immune system can heal most kinds of diseases.

Throughout our lives our bodies are being filled with a variety of carcinogens and toxic pollutants.

These toxins reach us through the air we breathe, the food we eat, the medicines we take and the water we drink.

For what is worth, you may read this alternative treatment.

The Gerson Therapy is a natural treatment that activates the body’s extraordinary ability to heal itself through an organic, vegetarian diet, raw juices, coffee enemas and natural supplements.

Dr. Max Gerson developed the Gerson Therapy in the 1930s, initially as a treatment for his own debilitating migraines, and eventually as a treatment for degenerative diseases such as skin tuberculosis, diabetes and, most famously, cancer.

Possibly, the original source of the text of the article is (http://gerson.org/gerpress/the-gerson-therapy).

With its whole-body approach to healing, the Gerson Therapy naturally reactivates your body’s magnificent ability to heal itself – with no damaging side effects.

This a powerful, natural treatment boosts the body’s own immune system to heal cancer, arthritis, heart disease, allergies, and many other degenerative diseases.

The Gerson Therapy effectively treats a wide range of different ailments because it restores the body’s incredible ability to heal itself.

Rather than treating only the symptoms of a particular disease, the Gerson Therapy treats the causes of most degenerative diseases: toxicity and nutritional deficiency.

An abundance of nutrients from copious amounts of fresh, organic juices are consumed every day, providing your body with a super-dose of enzymes, minerals and nutrients.

These substances then break down diseased tissue in the body, while coffee enemas aid in eliminating toxins from the liver.

The Gerson Therapy’s intensive detoxification regimen eliminates these toxins from the body, so that true healing can begin.

How the Gerson Therapy Works

The Gerson Therapy regenerates the body to health, supporting each important metabolic requirement by flooding the body with nutrients from about 15- 20 pounds of organically grown fruits and vegetables daily.

Most is used to make fresh raw juice, up to one glass every hour, up to 13 times per day. Raw and cooked solid foods are generously consumed.

Oxygenation is usually more than doubled, as oxygen deficiency in the blood contributes to many degenerative diseases.

The metabolism is also stimulated through the addition of thyroid, potassium and other supplements, and by avoiding heavy animal fats, excess protein, sodium and other toxins.

Degenerative diseases render the body increasingly unable to excrete waste materials adequately, commonly resulting in liver and kidney failure.

The Gerson Therapy uses intensive detoxification to eliminate wastes, regenerate the liver, reactivate the immune system and restore the body’s essential defenses – enzyme, mineral and hormone systems.

With generous, high-quality nutrition, increased oxygen availability, detoxification, and improved metabolism, the cells – and the body – can regenerate, become healthy and prevent future illness.

Juicing


Fresh pressed juice from raw foods provides the easiest and most effective way of providing high quality nutrition.

By juicing, patients can take in the nutrients and enzymes from nearly 15 pounds of produce every day, in a manner that is easy to digest and absorb.

Every day, a typical patient on the Gerson Therapy for cancer consumes up to 13 glasses of fresh, raw carrot/apple and green-leaf juices.

These juices are prepared hourly from fresh, raw, organic fruits and vegetables, using a two-step juicer or a masticating juicer used with a separate hydraulic press.

The Gerson Diet

The Gerson diet is entirely organic and vegetarian.

The diet is naturally high in vitamins, minerals, enzymes, micro-nutrients, and extremely low in sodium, fats, and proteins.

The following is a typical daily diet for a Gerson patient on the full therapy regimen:

  • Thirteen glasses of fresh, raw carrot/apple and green-leaf juices prepared hourly from fresh, organic fruits and vegetables.
  • Three full vegetarian meals, freshly prepared from organically grown fruits, vegetables and whole grains. A typical meal will include salad, cooked vegetables, baked potatoes, Hippocrates soup and juice.
  • Fresh fruit and fresh fruit available at all hours for snacking, in addition to the regular diet.

To learn more about the Gerson diet, follow the link below to read about which foods are permitted and prohibited on the Gerson Therapy:

Colorful Veggies

Supplements

All medications used in connection with the Gerson Therapy are classed as biologicals, materials of organic origin that are supplied in therapeutic amounts.

  • Potassium compound
  • Lugol’s solution
  • Vitamin B-12
  • Thyroid hormone
  • Pancreatic Enzymes

Detoxification

Coffee enemas are the primary method of detoxification of the tissues and blood on the Gerson Therapy. Cancer patients on the Gerson Therapy may take up to 5 coffee enemas per day. Charlotte Gerson explains the necessity of coffee enemas in Healing the Gerson Way:

“The moment a patient is put on the full therapy, the combined effect of the food, the juices and the medication causes the immune system to attack and kill tumor tissue, besides working to flush out accumulated toxins from the body tissues. This great clearing-out procedure carries the risk of overburdening and poisoning the liver—the all-important organ of detoxification, which, in a cancer patient, is bound to be already damaged and debilitated.”

Coffee enemas accomplish this essential task, assisting the liver in eliminating toxic residues from the body for good. The Gerson Therapy also utilizes castor oil to stimulate bile flow and enhance the liver’s ability to filter blood.

Is the Gerson Therapy Right For You?

No treatment works for everyone, every time. Anyone who tells you otherwise is not giving you the facts.

We know that when you have been diagnosed with a life-threatening ailment, choosing the best strategy for fighting your illness can be a bewildering task.

Everyone claims to have either “the best treatment”, “the fastest cure”, or “the only therapy that works.” In most cases your trusted family physician only has knowledge of conventional treatments, and is either unaware of, or even hostile toward alternative options.

No matter how many opinions you receive on how to treat your disease, you are going to make the final decision on what to do, and you must be comfortable with your decision. Choose a treatment that makes the most sense to you.

Most therapies–conventional or alternative–treat only the individual symptoms while ignoring what is ultimately causing the disease.

The reason the Gerson Therapy is effective with so many different ailments is because it restores the body’s incredible ability to heal itself. Rather than treating only the symptoms of a particular disease, the Gerson Therapy treats the cause of the disease itself.

Although we feel the Gerson Therapy is the most comprehensive treatment for disease, we don’t claim it will cure everything or everyone.

Caution: Do not start the Gerson Therapy if any of the following conditions apply without referring to Charlotte Gerson’s book, Healing the Gerson Way, or without the supervision of a Gerson doctor:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Diabetes
  • Brain metastases
  • Severe kidney damage and/or if the patient has ever been on dialysis
  • Foreign bodies such as pacemakers, breast implants, steel plates or screws.

Patients must be able to eat, drink and eliminate normally.

The Gerson Therapy cannot be administered to organ transplant recipients. See our FAQs to learn more about which conditions are contraindicated for the Gerson Therapy, and which conditions respond well to the Therapy.

You did serve in restaurants and clubs: What questions you heard most often?

Aaron Smallets Smurph posted this Jan. 30, 2014 (selected as one of the top posts)

10 Questions Servers Get Everyday (And How They Wish They Could Respond)

Waiter

1. What’s Good Here?

It’s all crap sir. This restaurant is just a front to sell crack. Oh sorry, I lied. Our crack’s the shit.

2. What Do You Have to Drink Here?

Water, Coke, Diet Coke, Sprite, Coffee, Decaf Coffee, Iced Tea, Cranberry Juice, Orange Juice, Hot Tea, Vodka Soda, Vodka Coke, Vodka Diet Coke, Vodka Cranberry, Vodka OJ, Vodka Rocks….would you like me to continue or would you like to read this revolutionary thing called a MENU?

3. Can You Just Tell The Chef….?

The Chef hates me. He hates you. He hates everyone. He will scream at me if I get too close. Anything I “tell the chef” must fit into a 18 character sentence I type on a computer. BURGER NOFRYSUBSLDXTRATOMKLLME

4. Are You Sure You Can’t Do It?

Let me check with myself again. No…we can’t substitute your rice with lobster claws.

5. Why Don’t You Have That on the Menu Anymore!!?

I don’t know. When the Owner and Chef met to change the menu I was training for a trip to Mars.

6. I Had it Last Time, Why Can’t I Do it Now?

You’re right. Did you know this restaurant used to be a Post Office? Let me know if I can get you some 2 cent stamps as well. One word: McRib.

7. Can You Tell the Owner I’m Here? He and I Go Way Back.

Wow you must be great friends. You don’t have his phone number, email, fax number, Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat, Grindr to tell him you’re here yourself.

8. Is One Entrée Enough For The Two Of Us?

It will be once I poison your water.

9. What’s Your Freshest Fish?

His name was Harold. He was a Snapper. He died four seconds ago.

10. And How Are You Today!?

I started doing this to pay my way though college. I graduated 8 years ago. I’m great. Any more shit I can get you to make YOUR day better?

Aaron Smallets Smurph

 

ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT of 1973: And 40 years later
Voyaging Back
From An Age of Extinction
Steller sea lion populations have declined by more than 80% because of industrial fishing activities.
Earthjustice legal efforts helped win a court verdict that keeps ESA protections for the species.

Sam Edmondson relates this voyage back from an age of extinction

Six long weeks in the summer of 1741 have passed without sight of land.

Signs, yes—but Captain Vitus Bering and the St. Peter’s Russian crew scorn the pleadings of naturalist Georg Steller, who reads seabirds and seaweed like a map.

They are seamen, though their own maps have failed, and Steller is not.

Finally, land emerges above the clouds, and for the first time Europeans lay eyes on a land of unrivaled beauty and wonder. Alaska.

GEORG STELLER’S ILLUSTRATIONS

The discovery leads to more discovery as Steller documents numerous plants and animals previously unknown to European science; some of which will bear his name.

The honor, though, is all Steller’s.

Two of his discoveries, including the Steller’s sea cow—a relative of today’s endangered Florida manatee—are now extinct, and one, the Steller sea lion, clings to life.

Like most threatened and endangered species, they are victims of habitat destruction and greed, an ancient pairing that when partnered with industrial development brought about a human-caused age of extinction.

In the centuries since Steller’s journey, humans have been extinguishing species on every continent and in every ocean with awful efficiency, shaking nature’s delicate balance to its core.

In that time, before our very eyes, hundreds of plants, birds, mammals and fish disappeared forever; but it wasn’t until just a few decades ago that an ethos of preservation finally took hold, leading to what, arguably, is a species’ best friend.

The Endangered Species Act of 1973 became law; and Earthjustice, born in that same era, had one of its first real weapons in the fight to restore balance to nature.

This pioneering work began in 1976 with Earthjustice attorney Mike Sherwood and his efforts to protect the endangered Hawaiian palila.

Since then, Earthjustice attorneys have wielded the ESA to great effect—safeguarding hundreds of plant and animal species.

These efforts include one species very close to Steller—his namesake sea lion, which has declined by more than 80 percent because of industrial fishing that annually removes billions of pounds of fish—the food crucial for the mammal’s survival.

Just a few months ago, Earthjustice legal efforts helped win a court verdict that keeps ESA protections for this sea lion.

Earthjustice also is defending that close cousin of the Steller’s sea cow, Florida manatees, an endangered species at death’s door due in large part to sewage, manure and fertilizer runoff that chokes local waters with toxic algae. Record numbers of these gentle creatures are already dead in 2013.

Manatee. (Liquid Productions LLC)Palila. (Caleb Slemmons)

Endangered Florida manatees are dying in large part due to pollution caused by sewage, manure and fertilizer runoff.LIQUID PRODUCTIONS LLC

The endangered palila feeds exclusively on seeds of the mamane tree on Mauna Kea. CALEB SLEMMONS

In very sharp contrast, far to the north amid the high plains, valleys and peaks of the Rocky Mountains, are some bold and even fierce beneficiaries of Earthjustice work linked to the Endangered Species Act—none more symbolic than the gray wolf.

The ESA has restored the gray wolf to Yellowstone and, in doing so, restored ecosystem balance lost when the wolf was exterminated in the 1920s.

But be forewarned; while the wolf is safe within Yellowstone, its presence right outside the park, where protections have been lifted in Montana, Wyoming and Idaho, is in jeopardy; 550 wolves were killed in the 2012 season.

And following one may be far worse if the federal government decides to remove ESA protections in the rest of the lower 48 states.

Keeping wolves howling and manatees swimming and palilas flying may not be as hard in the future—it could be much harder as the effects of climate change accumulate in our ecosystems.

Wolves Keep Yellowstone in Balance.

INFOGRAPHIC BY EVAN MACDONALD   |   VIEW LARGER VERSION

Climate scientist James Hansen warned that “if global warming approaches 3°C by the end of the century, it is estimated that 21 to 52 percent of the species on Earth will be committed to extinction.” Climate change driven by fossil fuel burning has emerged as the greatest of all threats to life on our planet.

How do we preserve life in the face of such danger? For Earthjustice, the answer lies in ending our use of fossil fuels such as coal and oil and replacing them with clean energy. But it also involves building resilience to climate change, which means protecting ecosystems so that species within are able to adapt to the changes that are coming.

This is urgent work because some impacts—melting icecaps, hotter temperatures and drought, to name just a few—are already here.

The Arctic is warming faster than the rest of the planet, yielding this ominous development: It’s becoming easier to search for oil.

For years, Earthjustice has litigated to keep oil companies out of the region in part because drilling—not to mention an oil spill—would harm endangered marine mammals such as the bowhead whale, an argument reinforced by the National Marine Fisheries Service.

Grizzly bears in Yellowstone. (NPS)

In an ecosystem where all life is interrelated and connected, the decline of one life form can precipitate the decline of another. In other words, as the whitebark pine seeds go, so go the Yellowstone grizzlies, which depend on the seeds as a key food source.

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE

The Arctic isn’t the only ecosystem shaken out of balance by climate change. Back in the northern Rockies, for example, high-altitude whitebark pine forests stand dead due to beetle infestations brought on by warmer winters.

This is bad news for the grizzly bear, whose diet relies on the whitebark pine seed.

Farther west, increasingly dry conditions magnify the damage already wrought by dams and diversions on rivers—which further jeopardizes the survival of important salmon runs.

Through Earthjustice efforts, many of these salmon runs were listed under the ESA in the late ’80s and early ’90s, and continue to be aggressively defended today.

Despite these varied and widespread threats to wildlife and the planet, there’s reason to remain optimistic—Steller’s journey offers a clue why. A short time after discovering Alaska, Captain Bering and the crew are suffering relentlessly from scurvy.

Steller, relying on indigenous wisdom, prescribes fresh water and specific plants to cure them, but the captain dogmatically refuses and dies, along with many of his crew. A few who eventually accept Steller’s learned wisdom survive to tell the tale.

We are in something of a Stellerian moment. Faced with massive loss—brought on by destructive actions that ignore how nature works—we find ourselves needing something better than the broken maps that got us here.

Something like a new ethos that embraces natural balance on a global scale. It doesn’t seem so impossible when we look back at what an ethos change brought about just 40 years ago. 

Written by Sam Edmondson. First published in the Winter 2013 issue of the Earthjustice Quarterly Magazine.

VLADIMIR BURKANOV / NOAA
HOW YOU CAN HELPA bill (H.R. 3533 / S. 1731) that could rightly be called the “Extinction Act” has been introduced by anti-environment lawmakers.
It would gut the ESA and put imperiled species at greater risk.TAKE ACTION TODAY

Current list of Billionaires

A few facts:

70% of Saudi wealth is in the hands of its billionaires, versus 24% in the Gulf Emirates

Ankara, the Capital of Turkey, has the most number of millionaires, about 45,000

London has the most concentration of wealthy people, tackled by New York

Apparently, Bill Gates overtook Carlos Slim Helu this year. What Gates did to increase his wealth for about $10 bn in a single year?

 

Rank Name Net Worth Age Source Country of Citizenship
1

Carlos Slim Helu & family

$73 B 73 telecom Mexico
2

Bill Gates

$67 B 58 Microsoft United States
3

Amancio Ortega

$57 B 77 Zara Spain
4

Warren Buffett

$53.5 B 83 Berkshire Hathaway United States
5

Larry Ellison

$43 B 69 Oracle United States
6

Charles Koch

$34 B 78 diversified United States
6

David Koch

$34 B 73 diversified United States
8

Li Ka-shing

$31 B 85 diversified Hong Kong
9

Liliane Bettencourt & family

$30 B 91 L’Oreal France
10

Bernard Arnault & family

$29 B 64 LVMH France
11

Christy Walton & family

$28.2 B 59 Wal-Mart United States
12

Stefan Persson

$28 B 66 H&M Sweden
13

Michael Bloomberg

$27 B 71 Bloomberg LP United States
14

Jim Walton

$26.7 B 66 Wal-Mart United States
15

Sheldon Adelson

$26.5 B 80 casinos United States
16

Alice Walton

$26.3 B 64 Wal-Mart United States
17

S. Robson Walton

$26.1 B 70 Wal-Mart United States
18

Karl Albrecht

$26 B 93 Aldi Germany
19

Jeff Bezos

$25.2 B 50 Amazon.com United States
20

Larry Page

$23 B 40 Google United States
21

Sergey Brin

$22.8 B 40 Google United States
22

Mukesh Ambani

$21.5 B 56 petrochemicals, oil & gas India
23

Michele Ferrero & family

$20.4 B 88 chocolates Italy
24

Lee Shau Kee

$20.3 B 85 diversified Hong Kong
24

David Thomson & family

$20.3 B 56 media Canada
26

Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Alsaud

$20 B 58 investments Saudi Arabia
26

Carl Icahn

$20 B 77 leveraged buyouts United States
26

Thomas & Raymond Kwok & family

$20 B real estate Hong Kong
29

Dieter Schwarz

$19.5 B 74 retail Germany
30

George Soros

$19.2 B 83 hedge funds United States
31

Theo Albrecht, Jr. & family

$18.9 B 63 Aldi, Trader Joe’s Germany
32

Alberto Bailleres Gonzalez & family

$18.2 B 82 mining Mexico
33

Jorge Paulo Lemann

$17.8 B 74 beer Brazil
34

Alisher Usmanov

$17.6 B 60 steel, telecom, investments Russia
35

Iris Fontbona & family

$17.4 B 71 mining Chile
36

Forrest Mars, Jr.

$17 B 82 candy United States
36

Jacqueline Mars

$17 B 74 candy United States
36

John Mars

$17 B 77 candy United States
36

Georgina Rinehart

$17 B 59 mining Australia
40

German Larrea Mota Velasco & family

$16.7 B 60 mining Mexico
41

Mikhail Fridman

$16.5 B 49 oil, banking, telecom Russia
41

Lakshmi Mittal

$16.5 B 63 steel India
43

Aliko Dangote

$16.1 B 56 cement, sugar, flour Nigeria
44

Len Blavatnik

$16 B 56 diversified United States
44

Cheng Yu-tung

$16 B 88 diversified Hong Kong
46

Joseph Safra

$15.9 B 75 banking Brazil
47

Rinat Akhmetov

$15.4 B 47 steel, coal Ukraine
47

Leonid Mikhelson

$15.4 B 58 gas, chemicals Russia
49

Leonardo Del Vecchio

$15.3 B 78 eyeglasses Italy
49

Michael Dell

$15.3 B 48 Dell United States
51

Steve Ballmer

$15.2 B 57 Microsoft United States
52

Viktor Vekselberg

$15.1 B 56 oil, metals Russia
53

Paul Allen

$15 B 60 Microsoft, investments United States
53

Francois Pinault & family

$15 B 77 retail France
55

Vagit Alekperov

$14.8 B 63 Lukoil Russia
56

Phil Knight

$14.4 B 75 Nike United States
56

Andrey Melnichenko

$14.4 B 41 coal, fertilizers Russia
58

Dhanin Chearavanont & family

$14.3 B 74 food Thailand
58

Susanne Klatten

$14.3 B 51 BMW, pharmaceuticals Germany
58

Vladimir Potanin

$14.3 B 53 metals Russia
61

Michael Otto & family

$14.2 B 70 retail, real estate Germany
62

Vladimir Lisin

$14.1 B 57 steel, transport Russia
62

Gennady Timchenko

$14.1 B 61 oil & gas Russia
64

Luis Carlos Sarmiento

$13.9 B 80 banking Colombia
65

Mohammed Al Amoudi

$13.5 B 69 oil, diversified Saudi Arabia
66

Tadashi Yanai & family

$13.3 B 64 retail Japan
66

Mark Zuckerberg

$13.3 B 29 Facebook United States
68

Henry Sy & family

$13.2 B 89 diversified Philippines
69

Donald Bren

$13 B 81 real estate United States
69

Serge Dassault & family

$13 B 88 aviation France
69

Lee Kun-Hee

$13 B 72 Samsung South Korea
69

Mikhail Prokhorov

$13 B 48 investments Russia
73

Alexey Mordashov

$12.8 B 48 steel, investments Russia
74

Antonio Ermirio de Moraes & family

$12.7 B 85 diversified Brazil
74

Abigail Johnson

$12.7 B 52 money management United States
76

Ray Dalio

$12.5 B 64 hedge funds United States
76

Robert Kuok

$12.5 B 90 diversified Malaysia
78

Miuccia Prada

$12.4 B 64 Prada Italy
79

Ronald Perelman

$12.2 B 71 leveraged buyouts United States
80

Anne Cox Chambers

$12 B 94 media United States
81

Stefan Quandt

$11.9 B 47 BMW Germany
82

Ananda Krishnan

$11.7 B 75 telecoms Malaysia
82

Alejandro Santo Domingo Davila

$11.7 B 36 beer Colombia
82

James Simons

$11.7 B 75 hedge funds United States
82

Charoen Sirivadhanabhakdi

$11.7 B 69 drinks Thailand
86

Zong Qinghou

$11.6 B 68 beverages China
87

Dirce Navarro De Camargo & family

$11.5 B construction Brazil
87

John Fredriksen

$11.5 B 68 shipping Cyprus
89

Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor & family

$11.4 B 62 real estate United Kingdom
90

Harold Hamm

$11.3 B 68 oil & gas United States
91

Rupert Murdoch & family

$11.2 B 82 News Corp United States
91

John Paulson

$11.2 B 58 hedge funds United States
91

Azim Premji

$11.2 B 68 software India
94

Ernesto Bertarelli & family

$11 B 48 biotech, investments Switzerland
94

Charlene de Carvalho-Heineken

$11 B 59 Heineken Netherlands
94

Hans Rausing

$11 B 87 packaging Sweden
94

Jack Taylor & family

$11 B 91 Enterprise Rent-A-Car United States
98

Lui Che Woo

$10.7 B 84 gaming Hong Kong
98

Laurene Powell Jobs & family

$10.7 B 50 Apple, Disney United States
100

Eike Batista

$10.6 B 57 mining, oil Brazil

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adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

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