Adonis Diaries

Lenin. Was he a Lousy Marxist theoretician, but a Master political tactician genius? I beg to differ.

Posted on: September 21, 2014

Lenin. Lousy Marxist theoretician, Master political tactician genius? For instituting what?

In his writing of “What to do” and “Two Tactics“, Lenine denounced the thesis that spontaneous mass revolution existed or could be relied upon for a meaningful revolution intended to destroy the previous institutional system of power.

Lenin insisted that only a “Revolutionary Party” can guide and execute a successful revolution, to lead and educate the proletariat.

As the Russian troops returned from the front in February 1917, being totally crushed and annihilated by the German forces, famine and precarious supplies… the Russians overthrew the Tzarist monarchy.

Most expatriate Russians returned to their homeland, each political party wanting to do their brand of revolution.

Lenin had spent 20 years abroad, and when he returned in 1917, he realized that the Russian masses were already in ebullition, and demanding bread, peace from wars and peace to all, lands for the peasants, control of the enterprises by the workers, emancipation and auto-determination for the various “nationalists’ and minorities.

Consequently, Lenin had to deal with a spontaneous revolution that was not engaged for liberalism or socialism, but for pragmatic interests.

He thus wrote “The state and the revolution” in order to launch his reversal position on spontaneous communities and to proclaim “All the power to the Soviets

And Lenin started to expound on the spontaneity of the masses in his speeches as deep and invincible force that will eventually and surely allow socialism to prevail in Russia and all of Europe.

These positions were mostly tactical in nature since Lenin never believed on the spontaneity of the masses to grab power.

Lenin plays politics and view all his work from a political perspective, pragmatic, tactical and relying on a well-organized political party.

Lenin failed in his first attempt to grab power in February 1917 and was forced to flee to Finland

Kerenski and his Menchevik party were the master of Russia and composed the vast majority in the Soviets and parliament.

From February to October, Lenin studied Kerenski’s character and realized that he was indecisive and didn’t press on his decision.

Kerenski main worry was any counter-attack from the monarchist forces and totally neglected the activities of the minority bolchevik movement.

In October 16, 1917, Lenin sent messsages from Finland to prepare an insurgency before October 25, the date of the Second Soviets Congress.

As the leaders of his party failed to respond seriously to his messages, Lenin decided to move closer and returned to Petrograd in catimini.

He immediately met with the central committee and did his best to vote for the insurrection. The majority were against this decision. Even Trotsky was against the date and wanted the insurrection after the congress meeting.

Dzerjinsky, (the future chief of the secret services or Tcheka), backed Lenin and together managed to round a positive vote.

Kamenev and Zinoviev  decided to submit their resignation from the central committee and refused to participate in the preparation of the insurgency operations.

Lenin relied on “professionals’ in preparing and staging insurrections. For example, the main leaders were Trotsky, Dzerjinsky, Antonov-Ovseenko, Lachevitch, Podvoiski and Nevski.

Part of the success of the insurrection was that the people ceased to believe that the government is serious of delivering on its two main promises:

1. Reaching a peace agreement with Germany and

2. Starting the agrarian reform for distribution of lands to the peasants

The other factor was how the bolcheviks managed to recruit the Revolutionary Military Committee as its main military force.

The Revolutionary Military Committee was established by Kerensky to defend Petrograd in the eventual progress of the German troops to enter the provisiory capital.

The Revolutionary Military Committee ordered the army garrison to obey its orders instead of the government or other institutions.

The insurrectionists entered the Winter Palace and detained the minsters of the government the night of October 24. Kerenski was up North trying to gather a few regiments.

On October 25, the Congress was held and the Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries stomped out and left the bolcheviks to form the central committee and form the government.

Marxism for Lenin is identified as a revolution to grab power.

And every other political move is plainly tactical to reach the objective of snatching the power.

Once lenine grabs the power, all his decisions are focused on centralizing his power.

Only the bolchevik dailies are allowed and the unity of his party prime over all other concerns.

Reconstituting a centralized state is the name of the game with its State structures emulated along the ‘western culture” that lenine consider as the most developed and most efficient of all institutions, particularly the German institutions.

For Lenin, compared to Germany in military and state structures, Russia is an “Asiatic Barbarian country”

The other specific trait of Lenin was to view Marxism as an international movement in order to liberate the colonized people. And the Russian revolution was meant to ignite revolutions all over the world, and that position was steady until 1920 as Lenin recognized that his revolution is facing radical difficulty to be a viable disseminator of revolution around the world.

After 1920, Lenin revert to the concept that of saving the revolution in Russia first and foremost.  Stalin will stick to that stand until after WWII.

Within 4 years (1917-1920), Lenin who never had any State function in his life, consolidated his power on the State and his party.

What the Russian Communist party decided as “Orthodox Marxism” in its successive international congress was adopted and all other communist versions condemned as “heretics”, depending on the interest of the Russian party and the Secretary genera; of the period.

Lenin is remembered not a Marxist theoretician, but mostly as a political genius who implanted a Marxist State, regardless of the violence and dictatorial practices that were used and adopted to firmly establish the revolutionary and centralized state.

It is Stalin who will bear all the blame, though it was Lenin who codified and organized the brutal practices.

Many authors would like to define as a master political tactician with no strategy.

I beg to differ. The way he conducted the revolution, single-minded and stubbornly proves that his strategy was clear, well-defined and was the guiding rod to all his manipulations before and after the revolution.

He never deviated from his strategy and confronted the leaders of his party at every turn until he turned them round to his views,

If Lenin had no definite strategy, all his political tactics would have led to nowhere and his revolution would have withered in no time.

Note: Read the french book “Lenine”  Helene Carriere d’ Encausse.

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adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

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