Adonis Diaries

Archive for July 14th, 2015

 

En Images : A la découverte de Smar Jbeil

Eglise Mar Nohra detail

Nous vous proposons ce samedi une petite ballade dans l’arrière-pays du Batroun du côté de Smar Jbeil, avec la découverte de la nature verdoyante de la région et de trois deux joyaux patrimoniaux, l’église Mar Nohra, l’église Notre-Dame et la forteresse de Smar Jbeil.

Smar Jbeil est un village verdoyant situé à 4km au sud-est de la ville de Batroun au Liban Nord, à 400 mètres d’altitude, ayant jusque-là, échappé à la fièvre immobilière qui a ravagé Beyrouth.

Cette localité se trouve à proximité du monastère de Kfifane Saint Cyprien et Justine qui abrite les reliques de deux saints locaux du XIXème siècle, Saint Neemtallah Hardini et Bienheureux Stephane Nehmé ; ainsi que du couvent de Jrebta, où repose le corps de Sainte Rafqa, contemporaine des deux saints précités.

Ce qui inscrit Smar Jbeil dans un itinéraire touristique d’un pèlerinage religieux.

Smar Jbeil – qui veut dire « gardien de Jbeil » en phénicien – faisait partie du fief de Sainte-Montagne des seigneurs de Batroun, lors de la présence des Croisées au Liban.

Riche en vestiges médiévaux, Smar Jbeil abrite les ruines d’une forteresse datant du début du XIIe siècle, perchée sur un promontoire rocheux, ainsi que deux églises de la même époque : Mar-Nohra et Notre-Dame.

1- L’église Mar Nohra

L’église porte le nom de Mar Nohra – en syriaque, Nohra veut dire « Lumière ».

Ce saint personnage d’origine persane, ayant vécu au IIème/IIIème siècle et qui selon la légende est enterré dans un puits, était venu en Phénicie pour prêcher le christianisme. Il y fut martyrisé, et n’a pas renoncé à sa foi même après avoir eu les yeux crevés.

Ainsi, il est le patron de la vue et des yeux, ce qui fait de l’église un lieu de pèlerinage de beaucoup de fidèles venus implorer la guérison de leurs yeux.

L’église Mar-Nohra est un édifice religieux construit en pierre de taille, et notamment avec beaucoup de matériel de récupération des époques romaines et médiévales. C’est une église à plan basilical, comportant trois nefs.

A l’intérieur, les murs de l’église sont entièrement enduits à la chaux, une technique traditionnelle dans les milieux ruraux au Liban.

Cet enduit appliqué et lissé à la main ou à la truelle, est constitué d’un mélange de terre avec de la chaux et souvent avec un mélange de fibres végétales et/ou animale, est un revêtement de protection, d’isolation et de présentation, que le paysan libanais utilisait aussi bien pour couvrir les églises et pour son foyer.

En plus de ses qualités hygiéniques, il assurait un meilleur éclairage aux pièces en pierre.

Située dans une région rassemblant plusieurs églises médiévales à fresques, cette église maronite, datant probablement du XIIème ou IIIème  siècle, pourrait cacher sous la couche de chaux couvrant ses murs, d’importantes fresques.

2- L’église Notre-Dame

Du côté sud, se trouve les vestiges d’une église dédiée à la Vierge.

Une chapelle nef unique et abside semi-circulaire, saillante à l’extérieur. La nef est précédée d’un porche à arche unique. Le tracé de la voute en berceau est brisé, et une grande partie de cette voûte n’existe plus.  Cette église est en partie construite avec des matériaux antiques.

Au niveau de la conque de l’abside, des restes d’un décor peint révélant difficilement deux motifs floraux cruciformes inscrits dans un cercle.

3- Forteresse de Smar Jbeil.

Un peu plus haut que l’église, une route mène à la forteresse de Smar Jbeil, située sur le haut d’un promontoire rocheux dominant la mer.

Ce petit château à l’histoire inconnue, remonte probablement à l’époque des Croisés et comporte encore plusieurs éléments rajoutés ultérieurement.

Une muraille de pierre entoure le site qui domine quelques tombes taillées dans le rocher de la période classique.

Des éléments architecturaux de l’époque médiévale sont visibles dans la forteresse : des meurtrières, une citerne taillée dans le roc, des différents corps de logis autrefois adossés au donjon, sans oublier les auges ménagées pour le bétail.

Par Marie-Josée Rizkallah

Lire la Suite: En Images : A la découverte de Smar Jbeil – Libnanews http://libnanews.com/en-images-a-la-decouverte-de-smar-jbeil/#ixzz3eZ5TzOWR
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Nous vous proposons ce samedi une petite ballade dans l’arrière-pays du Batroun du côté de Smar Jbeil, avec la découverte de la nature verdoyante de la région et de trois deux joyaux patrimoniaux, l’église Mar Nohra, l’église Notre-Dame et la forteresse de Smar Jbeil.

Smar Jbeil est un village verdoyant situé à 4km au sud-est de la ville de Batroun au Liban Nord, à 400 mètres d’altitude, ayant jusque-là, échappé à la fièvre immobilière qui a ravagé Beyrouth.
libnanews.com|By Marie-Josée Rizkallah

What kind of man are you looking for?

Michael Ogunbameru's photo.

Subject: SELF WORTH

In a brief conversation, a man asked a woman he was pursuing the question: ‘What kind of man are you looking for?’

She sat quietly for a moment before looking him in the eye and asking,

‘Do you really want to know?’ Reluctantly, he said, ‘Yes.

She said: ‘As a woman in this day & age, I am in a position to ask a man what can you do for me that I can’t do for myself?

1. I pay my own bills.

2. I take care of my household without the help of any man or woman for that matter.

3.  I am in the position to ask, ‘What can you bring to the table?’

Clearly he thought that she was referring to money. She quickly corrected his thought & stated, ‘I am not referring to money. I need something more. I need a man who is striving for excellence in every aspect of life.

He sat back in his chair, folded his arms, & asked her to explain.

She said, ‘I need someone who is striving for excellence mentally because I need conversation & mental stimulation. I don’t need a simple-minded man. I need someone who is striving for excellence spiritually because I don’t need to be unequally yoked

Believers mixed with unbelievers is a recipe for disaster. I need a man who is striving for excellence financially because I don’t need a financial burden.

I need someone who is sensitive enough to understand what I go through as a woman, but strong enough to keep me grounded.

I need someone who has integrity in dealing with relationships.

Lies and game-playing are not my idea of a strong man.

I need a man who is family-oriented.

One who can be the leader, 

I need someone whom I can respect. In order to be submissive, I must respect him.

I cannot be submissive to a man who isn’t taking care of his business.

I have no problem being submissive…he just has to be worthy.

And by the way, I am not looking for him…He will find me.

He will recognize himself in me.

He may not be able to explain the connection, but he will always be drawn to me.

I can’t help a man if he can’t help himself…

When she finished her spill, she looked at him. He sat there with a puzzled look on his face. He said, ‘You are asking a lot.

She replied, “I’m worth a lot”.

Note: this question is valid the way around “What kind of women are you looking for?” All the above?

Omar Sharif (Michel Shalhoub) passed away, so did all the Lawrence of  fucking Saudi Arabia

While Lawrence of Arabia fans the world over mourned the passing of actor Omar Sharif earlier this week, at least one of his former acquaintances might be spitting on his grave. That is, if he weren’t already dead himself.

Late Edward Said (Palestinian/USA) was classmates with Omar Sharif in Egypt, back when Sharif, whose parents were Syrian and Lebanese, was still called Michel Shalhoub.

As Edward Said recounts in his memoir Out of Place, both attended the elite Victoria College in Cairo, run by the Brits, which was something of an anachronism in Egypt at that time.

Outside the school’s walls, the British colonial mandate was on its way out; they struggled to dominate the Suez Canal against Egyptian guerilla fighters.

Inside the school, non-British students learned British history, spoke English only, and were divided into “houses… which further inculcated and naturalized the ideology of empire,” Said wrote.

For Said, it was an early encounter with the intellectual and social themes he would later dissect in Orientalism.

The British teachers looked down on the Arab students, banned Arabic, and beat them for any minor offense. But young Said defied authority wherever he could – he spoke Arabic with his classmates purely to piss the teachers off and, like a sullen teen, gave ironic answers when called on, “an attitude I regarded as a form of resistance to the British.”

The school was about de-Arabizing the Arabs, and Said was having none of it.

By contrast, you have Said’s classmate Omar Sharif – then Michel Shalhoub. Said describes him as “notorious for his stylish brilliance and his equally stylish and inventive coercive dealings with the smaller boys.” Translation: young Omar Sharif was a well-dressed psychopath.

Sharif was your prototypical brownnoser.

On free dress days, he wore a white carnation in his lapel, while the rest of his classmates were dressed like the scruffy boys they were.

Said describes one episode in which he and another classmate teased Sharif for his clothing, and in response, Sharif nearly broke the classmate’s arm. Why was he doing this, the classmate cried out?

“Because, frankly, I enjoy it,” young Sharif says, like a real psychopath.

Sharif wasn’t just a well-dressed bully, he also sucked up to authority.

When a contingent of important British officials came, he gave what Said describes as a majorly ass-kissing speech about the school’s fantastic British education and how lucky the boys were to be graced by the officials present.

Translation: he was the worst.

To Said, Sharif embodied the school’s “entrenched authoritarianism” – a traitor to his fellow Arabs, and one of the worst things about imperialism – a process Said would later dissect in his most famous work Orientalism.

Not only was the British ideology produced by the ruling classes, it was then reproduced and internalized by the likes of Sharif.

No wonder, then, that Shalhoub later changed his name to something that “Occidentals” would have no trouble remembering, and played the star Arab in one of the most famously Orientalist films of the 20th century, Lawrence of Arabia.

Said says that as a Palestinian man growing up in Egypt following the Nakba, he himself never really fit in wherever he went.

However, he ultimately concludes that it was this constantly feeling “out of place” that inspired his own work. “With so many dissonances in my life I have learned actually to prefer being not quite right and out of place.”

In his memoir, Edward Said describes one episode in which he and another classmate teased Sharif for his clothing, and in response, Sharif nearly broke the classmate’s arm.

“Why was he doing this?” the classmate cried out.

Edward Said was classmates with Omar Sharif in Egypt, back when Sharif, whose parents were Syrian and Lebanese, was still called Michel Shalhoub.
beirut.com

adonis49

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July 2015
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