Adonis Diaries

70 years of independence of the Jordanian Kingdom? What kinds of independence and from whom?

Posted on: May 27, 2016

70 years of independence of the Jordanian Kingdom?

What kinds of independence and from whom?

The British mandate created this Kingdom, as a buffer zone with the rest of the neighboring States with Israel.

Even before the Saud tribe, bolstered with the Wahhabi Islamic brand of sect, invaded and conquered Mecca and ousted the Hashemite tribe, England had already appointed 2 of the Hashemite prince as kings in Jordan and Damascus.

Faisal of Damascus was reappointed king of Iraq after the Syrian defeated the French mandated power.

 Leyal Khalife. May 25, 2016 . More posts by author

Seventy years ago on May 25, the Emirate of Transjordan became the “Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan” under the Treaty of London, in which Jordan finally gained its independence. (Which States discussed this Treaty?)

It later became the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in 1949, the name it holds today.

Let us look at 7 things you may have not known about the kingdom.

1. The kingdom is named after the Jordan River, and was Arabized into “Al Urdun” after the Crusader rule of Jordan

Photo source: Wikipedia

Photo source: Wikipedia

2. “Hashemite” comes from the house name of the ruling family in Mecca before the Saud tribe occupied Mecca with the support of England and the USA

3. The lowest land point on Earth is Jordan’s Dead Sea

Photo source: Wikipedia

Photo source: Wikipedia

4. Nabateans, nomadic Arabs, established Petra as their capital; the Greeks founded new cities in Jordan including Amman, Jerash, Umm Qays, Tabaqat Fahl and Irbid

(Many of these cities existed before the Seleucia Greek empire over Syria)

5. Jordan has one of the oldest Christian communities in the world and Christians made up 20 percent of the population in 1950

(The Israeli planted land mines, still existing, so that the Jordanian cannot visit these sites)

Photo source: Wikipedia

Photo source: Wikipedia

Jordan is part of the Holy Land, being home to several biblical attractions including Al-Maghtas ruins, the place where the baptism of Jesus is believed to have occurred.

6. Although May 25 is the day of celebration for independence, the mandate for Transjordan officially ended on June 17, 1946

7. Jordan has been home to millions of refugees as early as 1948 with an estimated 2 million Palestinians and 1.4 million Syrian refugees residing in the country

640px-An_Aerial_View_of_the_Za'atri_Refugee_Camp

This is an image of a portion of the Zaatari refugee camp, home to approximately 83,000 refugees.

And… just a little bonus:

In 2016, for the first time ever, a Jordanian film, Theeb, was nominated for the 88th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film (I saw the film and was not that impressed)

Note 1: The first appointed king was Abdullah. He had the best trained army by the British and failed to engage the troops in 1948 when Israel entered towns and villages and chased out the Palestinians.

He was assassinated for his collusion with the new Zionist State.

Note 2: Not much to be happy, neither for so-called surprise things in this article, nor how the people in Jordan live. The saddest piece of land.

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