Adonis Diaries

Archive for September 7th, 2016

Making peace with lions?

In the Maasai community where Richard Turere lives with his family, cattle are all-important.

But lion attacks were growing more frequent. In this talk, the young inventor shares the solar-powered solution he designed to safely scare the lions away and not hurt them or be killed.

Filmed Feb. 2013

I live in Kenya, at the south parts of the Nairobi National Park. Those are my dad’s cows at the back, and behind the cows, that’s the Nairobi National Park.

Nairobi National Park is not fenced in the south widely, which means wild animals like zebras migrate out of the park freely. So predators like lions follow them, and this is what they do. They kill our livestock.

This is one of the cows which was killed at night, and I just woke up in the morning and I found it dead, and I felt so bad, because it was the only bull we had.

0:58 My community, the Maasai, we believe that we came from heaven with all our animals and all the land for herding them, and that’s why we value them so much. So I grew up hating lions so much.

The morans are the warriors who protect our community and the livestock, and they’re also upset about this problem. So they kill the lions. It’s one of the six lions which were killed in Nairobi. And I think this is why the Nairobi National Park lions are few.

So a boy, from six to nine years old, in my community is responsible for his dad’s cows, and that’s the same thing which happened to me.

I had to find a way of solving this problem. And the first idea I got was to use fire, because I thought lions were scared of fire. But I came to realize that that didn’t really help, because it was even helping the lions to see through the cowshed.

I didn’t give up. I continued. And a second idea I got was to use a scarecrow. I was trying to trick the lions [into thinking] that I was standing near the cowshed. But lions are very clever. (Laughter)

They will come the first day and they see the scarecrow, and they go back, but the second day, they’ll come and they say, this thing is not moving here, it’s always here. (Laughter) So he jumps in and kills the animals.

one night, I was walking around the cowshed with a torch, and that day, the lions didn’t come. And I discovered that lions are afraid of a moving light. So I had an idea. Since I was a small boy, I used to work in my room for the whole day, and I even took apart my mom’s new radio, and that day she almost killed me, but I learned a lot about electronics.

I got an old car battery, an indicator box. It’s a small device found in a motorcycle, and it helps motorists when they want to turn right or left. It blinks. And I got a switch where I can switch on the lights, on and off. And that’s a small torch from a broken flashlight.|By Richard Turere

I set up everything. As you can see, the solar panel charges the battery, and the battery supplies the power to the small indicator box. I call it a transformer. And the indicator box makes the lights flash.

As you can see, the bulbs face outside, because that’s where the lions come from. And that’s how it looks to lions when they come at night. The lights flash and trick the lions into thinking I was walking around the cowshed, but I was sleeping in my bed.

I set it up in my home two years ago, and since then, we have never experienced any problem with lions. And my neighboring homes heard about this idea. One of them was this grandmother. She had a lot of her animals being killed by lions, and she asked me if I could put the lights for her. And I said, “Yes.”

 I put the lights. You can see at the back, those are the lion lights. Since now, I’ve set up seven homes around my community, and they’re really working. And my idea is also being used now all over Kenya for scaring other predators like hyenas, leopards, and it’s also being used to scare elephants away from people’s farms.

Because of this invention, I was lucky to get a scholarship in one of the best schools in Kenya, Brookhouse International School, and I’m really excited about this. My new school now is coming in and helping by fundraising and creating an awareness.

I even took my friends back to my community, and we’re installing the lights to the homes which don’t have [any], and I’m teaching them how to put them.

one year ago, I was just a boy in the savanna grassland herding my father’s cows, and I used to see planes flying over, and I told myself that one day, I’ll be there inside. And here I am today.

I got a chance to come by plane for my first time for TED. So my big dream is to become an aircraft engineer and pilot when I grow up.

6:03 I used to hate lions, but now because my invention is saving my father’s cows and the lions, we are able to stay with the lions without any conflict. Ashê olên. It means in my language, thank you very much.

Chris Anderson: You have no idea how exciting it is to hear a story like yours. So you got this scholarship.Richard Turere: Yep.

CA: You’re working on other electrical inventions. What’s the next one on your list?

6:43 RT: My next invention is, I want to make an electric fence.CA: Electric fence? RT: But I know electric fences are already invented, but I want to make mine. (Laughter)

CA: You already tried it once, right, and you –RT: I tried it before, but I stopped because it gave me a shock. (Laughter)

7:04 CA: In the trenches. Richard Turere, you are something else. We’re going to cheer you on every step of the way, my friend.


Origins of Mathematics in the Kitara and Kalahari regions of sub Saharan Africa nearly 40,000 years ago



THE ISHAGO BONE: was discovered by Belgian archeologist in 1957 in a place called Ishango at a shore of Lake Edward near the border of D.R Congo and Uganda, part of the source of the river Nile.

The bone is 10 cm long dark brown object with a tally notches made on it and tabulated in three rows (columns). A second Ishango bone was also discovered by the same person.

A discussion about Ishango bone is still going on.

One group of researchers in Beligium thought that the bone has shown that ancient East and Central African people around Bunyoro during pre-historic time had  knowledge of mathematics .

Other researchers have argued that the bone is just a historical document. It could be some sort of a calendar according to the second group of researchers

It proves that  people around Eastern Zaire and western and Central Uganda, perhaps during or before the era of Batembuzi rule,used tools (instruments) for different mathematical and scientific purposes like counting, measuring and registering facts.

A study by international scientific researchers is apparently continuing to investigate how ancient people around this area of Africa have used tools for mathematical calculations and registrations.

We will concentrate mainly on the Ishango bone (tool / document) which was used at 22,000 BC (a date that is corrected many times by researchers).

History of this document is 22,000 BC. The historical position of this period is  the one commonly known as the Stone Age. It is roughly coinciding with the period supposedly before the discovery of agriculture.

But how in that time there was sharp increase in the diversity of artifacts is a mystery. Also evidence from elsewhere in Africa like at Blombos cave in South Africa at that time bone artifacts and a kind first art appeared in the fossils in Africa.


On the Bone,the  first row shows a system of addition based on the number ten. The numbers in this row are:

10+1, (10 * 2) + 1, (10 * 2) – 1, 10-1 

This shows understanding of addition, subtraction and multiplication based on ten.

The second row starts with 3 notches. It is then doubled to become 6.

The same is done with the next number (4), which is doubled to become 8. The number 8 followed by 10 which halved to form 5. This is followed by 5 and 7. The operations give us evidence that people who have used this document have some understanding of multiplication and division by 2.

The last row is a set of prime numbers between 10 and 20. These numbers are 11, 13, 17 and 19. The numbers in this row as well as in the first row are odd number.

The sum of the numbers in the first and the last rows is 60. This can not be a coincidence.

The sum of the numbers in the last row in the middle is 48. This implies that all sums are multiple of 12.

From all these remarks some people suggest that this bone may have been used as an ancient counting tool or an ancient calculator or an accounting ledger document.

It may have been used to record data regarding live stock, lost number of solders, assets, etc.The bone reveals that African people at that time had an understanding of mathematics.

The technique of dividing and multiplying by 2 was used by old Egyptians in later times. This can lead to suggestions that Egyptians were largely influenced by their old  African ancestors from around the source of the Nile  (ancient Bunyoro region).

The second assumption is that Isahango bone is a calendar. But the fact that numbers in two rows have a sum of 60 is not a proof of this assumption.

Calendars were used in ancient times as widely known.

The Egyptians used a solar calendar. They knew that a year has 365 day and 12 months. Every month has 30 days. They reserved extra 5 days to complete year days to be 365 days.



Is found near the confluence of river Semliki and lake Edward in what is now Eastern DRC ( formerly Zaire) Ishango in local surounding dialect which means swampy place or in kinyoro and kinyankole in western Uganda, the word means originally found place but also the term can be derived from ekishanga which means a swampy place.

Semliki River (sometimes Semuliki) is a major river in Central Africa. It flows northwards from Lake Edward in theDemocratic Republic of the Congo, across the Uganda border, through western Uganda in Bundibugyo District, near theSemuliki National Park.

It empties into Lake Albert in Uganda at 1.2225°N 30.5038889°E.

In places, the river has demarcated the border between Uganda and the DRC; its changing course sparked confusion in 2009 over the location of the boundary between the two countries.(wikipedia)

The structure and the techniques on  the Ishango bone closely resembles the LEBOMBO BONE which is a similar ancient African document discovered in the Lebombo mountains located between South Africa and Swaziland in the 1970s during excavations of Border Cave and dated about 35,000 B.C.,

the Lebombo bone is marked with 29 clearly defined notches. This suggests it may have been used as a lunar phase counter, in which case African women may have been the first mathematicians, because keeping track of menstrual cycles requires a lunar calendar.

Certainly, the Lebombo bone resembles calendar sticks still used by the SAN people of Botswana and  Namibia.

The Mouth: First defensive line for well-being

In a previous article I expounded on The Intestine: Your second brain.  Care for the good bacteria

Everything that we eat comes from living organisms.

And every living species (including plants) in nature is constituted of sugary molecules, amino acids (called proteins) and lipids (fats).

Are you suffering lactose intolerance, quick cycles of losing and gaining weight , lesions on your thighs, face and other parts of your body that don’t heal, bad breath, gastroenteritis and a whole bunch of health problem?

You are Not taking good care of the good bacteria in your intestine and mouth.
Beware of antibiotics that kill the good and bad germs equally well.

I recommend to read “Le charme discret de l’intestin” by Giulia Enders.
Mind you that the intestine is the second brain.

To reduce the # of bad bacteria in fruits, vegetable, and in the kitchen:
1. Dilute the fruits and vegetable
2. Let all Dry up (food, kitchen utensils, cleaning sponges…)
3. Regulate temperature to cold level (Below 5 degree) occasionally in the house during the year
4. Clean the surfaces from fatty films with just water
5. Let a few iodine crystal evaporate in kitchen and rooms
6. Rub your body with odorless bacteria

Anti-biotic (kills the good and bad bacteria) are produced by intensive growth of particular bacteria in huge water containers:  antibiotics are generated bacteria

Pre-biotic (Before life bacteria) are good bacteria found in artichaut, asperges, andive, green banana, topinambour, ail, onion, poireau, panais, salsifis, seigle, avoine…

Pro-biotic (For life) are good bacteria like bifido and lactobacils

To get rid of body odors, rub the body with a lotion of odorless bacteria that repel stinky bacteria

No need to use soap when taking showers: Plain water is totally enough and keep a thin film of fat on the skin to trap the offensive bacteria
Usage of soap worsen the defenses of the skin.

Brush your teeth right before going to bed: Since you don’t salivate during your sleep,  a brushing and swallowing a cup of water will eliminate most of the bad bacteria.

Mind you that saliva is a filtered blood and contains ionized calcium, hormones, antibiotics of the immune system, a potent kind of morphine (opiorphine) which has also anti-depressive properties

Brush after you wake up: this brushing will initiate the salivating process for the day to kill bad bacteria.

I brush with vinegar and add a tiny amount of bicarbonate. If vinegar and bicarbonate are the main ingredients for cleaning, they should clean the teeth too and eliminate huge amount of bad bacteria and reduce gases.
The various kinds of amygdala in the esophagus recognize the bad bacteria, trap them and attack them.

Note 1: I have this hypothesis:
If you wear eye glasses designed to keep the eyes humid, you’ll save many hours of fatigue and exhaustion during your working day

Note 2: In one hour, our organs consume 100 Watts bulb
We salivate about one litter a day
The total surface of our small intestine is 7 km long





September 2016

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