Adonis Diaries

Archive for October 2016

Smelly Nile River

“It’s only been dirty since the Coca-Cola factory arrived.”

A sour smell reminiscent of rotten eggs assaults your senses as you approach the entrance to Egypt’s otherwise idyllic southern city of Aswan. The effluence from an open sewer into the Nile across from nearby factories is one of many obvious signs that Egypt’s sole source of fresh water is becoming a toxic repository. (This remind me of the main Lebanon river, the Litany)

In the Aswan village of Abu Reesh Bahari, farmers live a largely traditional lifestyle, one that depends on the Nile to sustain their livelihoods. Taj Ismail, a local farmer, still draws his drinking water with a bucket. The water, he says, sometimes has a strange smell to it.

Aswan farmer Taj Ismail holds medical reports about health problems affecting his vital organs. Ismail, 50, blames polluted water because his family has no known history of health issues (MEE/Andrew Bossone)

Ismail keeps a thick file of his medical problems. He takes a cocktail of medicines for a wide range of ailments that affect his kidneys, liver and stomach. Ismail, 50, has no known history of diseases in his family.

“My father and my grandfather worked into their old age,” he says. “My father only died at 75 because of an electrical accident.”

Ismail’s neighbour, a lettuce farmer, Sayed Mahmoud Arou, 42, also believes something is wrong with the water. He complains of pains in his sides and a lack of money for treatment.

Sayed Mahmoud Arou, 42, a farmer in Aswan, complains of pains in his sides and a lack of money to pay for treatment of his medical problems, which he blames on polluted water (MEE/Andrew Bossone)

“We know when the water is clean and when it’s dirty,” he says. “It’s only been dirty since the Coca-Cola factory arrived.”

Despite the connection in the minds of many locals between the drinks factory and the state of the local water, a Coca-Cola Egypt representative told Middle East Eye that its factory stopped production in 2009 and that it’s now used as a warehouse. It no longer discharges industrial waste, she said.

“As for the sewage waste, it goes internally to the public sewage centre under the continuous supervision of both health and environment bodies,” said Coca-Cola’s Ghada Makady in an email.

“In a nutshell, the pipe [dumping into the Nile] does not belong to us.”

Taking care of itself

In 2000, the South Centre for Rights, a local NGO, filed a legal complaint against river pollution and poor drinking water quality. The case was resolved in December 2014.

The Ministry of Housing has been adopting procedures to improve the situation, according to Abdul Rahim Awadallah of the South Centre. The NGO has also produced campaigns in local TV and newspapers about pollution, and has interviewed factory and hotel employees, who say their employers dump pollution into the water at night when authorities are not around.

“We will not solve this [problem of pollution] until we fix the whole system of Egypt,” Awadallah says.

The problem of water pollution is spread throughout Aswan.

Uncollected garbage floats in canals. Hospitals are connected to the same sewage pipes as homes. Private trucks collecting liquid waste from homes unconnected to the city sewage system dump their effluent on farmland across from the river. In one spot, a truck’s waste burned through the electrical wires supplying streetlights. (Not different from the situation in Lebanon?)

A water station is on the other side of the street where the remnants of waste were visible. It treats about 600,000 litres per day of drinking water taken directly from the Nile.

According to an employee there who preferred not to give his name, the Ministry of Health tests both river water and treated water about once a week. The ministry always says the water is clean. Even if the tests were wrong, the employee believes the Nile has a way of taking care of pollution on its own.

“Every 50 metres the Nile cleans itself,” he said vaguely without explaining why he thought this was the case.

A view of the West Bank of the Nile in Aswan. The river has dominated life in Egypt’s southern city for thousands of years, but residents worry pollution is ruining it (MEE/Andrew Bossone)

A ‘champion’ of diseases

The Greek traveller Herodotus called the land of Egypt “a gift of the river.”

Some 2,500 years later the Nile still dominates Egypt’s landscape, but much has changed. The Nile no longer floods farmland, thanks to the construction of the Aswan Dam in 1970, which also means farmers use chemical fertilisers, since silt is blocked at the dam.

Farming remains an important profession, with an estimated 10 million farmers, or about 11-14 percent of the population. That makes pollution in the Nile all the more worrisome. It is a cause and at the same time symptomatic of one of Egypt’s biggest plights: the poor health of its citizens, particularly when it comes to illnesses and diseases affecting the vital organs.

About 600 miles downstream from Aswan, the small city of Mansoura in the rural Egyptian Delta would seem like an unlikely place for a medical centre of international standards.

But a renowned doctor, Mohamed Ghoneim, established just that in the 1980s. The Urology and Nephrology Centre of Mansoura University receives patients from around the country and provides free care when possible to patients who are residents of the immediate region. It has a growing waiting list for organ transplants, and receives more patients each year, according to a doctor there. He believes factories along the Nile that are not following environmental protocols harm his patients.

“There’s an increase in the incidence of pollution and one consequence of that seems to be an increased incidence of bladder cancer,” says Yasser Osman, professor of urology and a renal transplant surgeon.

More specifically, the type of bladder cancer increasing in Egypt is transitional cell cancer as opposed to squamous cell cancer, which indicates a greater exposure to pollutants.

Renal failure and dialysis are other indicators, but the figures from Egypt’s official statistical agency, CAPMAS, have the number of patients actually decreasing from 2009 to 2012, the last year available. Since the figures only represent government hospitals, however, they are only capturing a fraction of the cases of illness. Many Egyptians turn to private clinics, because as one joke goes, “It’s better to avoid public hospitals unless you want to get sick.”

Water is only one of many sources of pollution, however, so it is difficult to say with certainty that it is the primary cause of organ diseases. Many Egyptians are already at risk of bladder cancer from smoking. They are also at risk for health problems from hypertension, salt consumption, physical inactivity and obesity. The high rates of Hepatitis A, B and C infections are connected to liver failure.

“Egypt is a champion in non-communicable diseases for all the wrong reasons,” says Henk Bekedam of the World Health Organisation. “Any of these issues are constraints to any organ in your body especially the kidneys and to a lesser extent the liver.”

Studies on the Nile downstream have found the level of heavy metals is unsafe for drinking. Similar pollution studies upstream have not occurred, but not for a lack of dirty water.

For all the diplomatic pressure on upstream countries to limit water projects, the Egyptian government has done little if anything to protect the water system within its own borders.

“We have a big problem with industrial waste,” says Mamdouh Raslan, the deputy chairman of the government’s Holding Company for Water and Waste Water. “According to the law, every factory is responsible for treating its effluent. So waste cannot be dumped into our networks or into drains without proper treatment.”

The government occasionally shuts factories down if they’re found dumping waste, but monitoring is inconsistent. It’s also a hard sell to convince factories to treat waste when the government struggles to do so itself.

Raslan estimates that 9-10 million cubic metres of water per day, or about 40% of the water system, is untreated.

The wastewater goes into the Nile and its canals, and eventually the Mediterranean. Some farmers use untreated wastewater for irrigation.

An Aswan water station employee tests the drinking water for safety. Authorities test the quality of treated and untreated water regularly, saying it is safe for consumption (MEE/Andrew Bossone)

Raslan estimates updating Egypt’s water system would cost £8.35bn to replace old pipes (another source of heavy metals), increase water treatment and connect rural areas to the system. The government would also need to improve monitoring of factories, remove garbage from canals, and compel building owners to clean rooftop tanks and replace old pipes. All of that is absolutely essential to ensure Egypt’s “gift” does not go to waste.

– See more at:

A story: Tis the season of olive, olive oil, rose water, flower water, debs of pomegranate

The month of October witnesses ambulatory sellers of olive, olive oil, rose water (maa2 ward), flower water (maa2 zaher), pomegranate molasses (debs al roummaan)…

Ambulating in cars, carrying all these products in the back seat, the trunk and stopping at every person walking and at every house their companions told them the resident might buy.

They have their well-oiled stories ready and an updated version every year.

Every year, they pay us visits and we got to know every slight versions of their stories.

Their father has passed away and they want you to pray for his soul, and in return they insist on taking for free a kilo of olive. Then they hand you a couple of bottles of  rose water, flower water and asks you to pay whatever your compassion is worth. If the amount of money is small, they hand you a bottle of pomegranate molasses and hope the cash will increase substantially.

Obviously, they try to sell you their diluted olive oil, with whatever the business this year is adding to the oil, and claim that the price is ridiculously low and we better take advantage of their presence and offer.

I always defer them to my old mother to handle them: She can wear them out, but most of the time she ends up buying a 5-gallon olive oil, knowing very well that her son-in-law will get upset and remind her that this oil is faked and…

Another version of the story is that their father is in the hospital, a land mine blew his leg off while tending his field. And they have no health insurance and the hospital is demanding thousand of dollars as deposit or advance payment.

Once, a familiar seller sent someone to tell us that he passed away and then we saw him the next year, very alive and turning out his standard story.

Last day, I was returning walking from the library, which turned out to be closed, and one of them season ambulatory driver stopped and saluted me:

How are you doing? Do you remember me? I am from your hometown and had to move to another town a couple of years ago.

No, I don’t know you and never saw your face before

Do you know the potter?

You mean Fawzi? ( the only remaining master artisan in town that had 6 families working in that business a couple decades ago).

Yes, we are his relative. I am the son of Elias.

I don’t know your father or you. Do you know me?

He fake that his is responding to a call on his cellular and answer in high voice the state of his father in the hospital…

Do you know me?

He always find an excuse to avoid responding to your inquiries and stuff 2 bottles in the bag containing olive. The olive are free for your prayer and the bottles whatever your compassion is willing to pay in return…

I said that I cannot walk and carry this heavy bag in my hand… He sees that I am not paying enough and add a bottle of pomegranate molasses in the bag. I increased a little the cash and he took the money and ask for more.

I said: Take out all the bottles from the bag and I keep the free olive instead.

He relented and kept whatever I gave him, but made sure to remove the pomegranate molasses. As for the  rose water and flower water bottles, they way biased toward the water side. For curiosity sake, I took a whiff when I returned home, and my smell organ was unable to discriminate anything but moist water. 

I walked home for another mile, carrying an oily bag and short on some cash. And the return home was hot and I arrived swimming in sweat.

Taking the bright side of this tragi/comic adventure, I decided to share my story. Finally, I had this opportunity to tell the story.

Note: A hundred meters from home, Serge stopped and gave me a lift to my door. I promised to mention his name in the story

This myth that mystify: East vs. West?  Even Better, South vs. North

Depending on the context, depending on the outcome, choose your paradigm.

 Both paradigms ( only one life or cyclical lives) are human constructions. They are cultural creations, not natural phenomena.

To understand the business of mythology and what a Chief Belief Officer is supposed to do, you have to hear a story of Ganesha, the elephant-headed god who is the scribe of storytellers, and his brother, the athletic warlord of the gods, Kartikeya.

The two brothers one day decided to go on a race, three times around the world. Kartikeya leapt on his peacock and flew around the continents and the mountains and the oceans. He went around once, he went around twice, he went around thrice.

But his brother, Ganesha, simply walked around his parents once, twice, thrice, and said, “I won.” “How come?” said Kartikeya. And Ganesha said, “You went around ‘the world.’ I went around ‘my world.'” What matters more?

Devdutt Pattanaik looks at business and modern life through the lens of mythology.
When he was Chief Belief Officer, he helped managers harness the power of myth to understand their employees, their companies and their customers.

He’s working to create a Retail Religion, to build deep, lasting ties between customers and brands.|By Devdutt Pattanaik

01:21 If you understand the difference between ‘the world’ and ‘my world,’ you understand the difference between logos and mythos.

‘The world’ is objective, logical, universal, factual, scientific. ‘My world’ is subjective. It’s emotional. It’s personal. It’s perceptions, thoughts, feelings, dreams. It is the belief system that we carry. It’s the myth that we live in.

 ‘The world’ tells us how the world functions, how the sun rises, how we are born.

‘My world’ tells us why the sun rises, why we were born. Every culture is trying to understand itself: Why do we exist?” And every culture comes up with its own understanding of life, its own customized version of mythology.

Culture is a reaction to nature, and this understanding of our ancestors is transmitted generation from generation in the form of stories, symbols and rituals, which are always indifferent to rationality.

 when you study it, you realize that different people of the world have a different understanding of the world. Different people see things differently — different viewpoints.

There is my world and there is your world, and my world is always better than your world, because my world, you see, is rational and yours is superstition. Yours is faith. Yours is illogical. This is the root of the clash of civilizations.

It took place, once, in 326 B.C. on the banks of a river called the Indus, now in Pakistan. This river lends itself to India’s name. India. Indus.

Alexander, a young Macedonian, met there what he called a “gymnosophist,” which means “the naked, wise man.” We don’t know who he was. Perhaps he was a Jain monk, like Bahubali over here, the Gomateshwara Bahubali whose image is not far from Mysore. Or perhaps he was just a yogi who was sitting on a rock, staring at the sky and the sun and the moon.

Alexander asked, “What are you doing?” and the gymnosophist answered, “I’m experiencing nothingness.” Then the gymnosophist asked, “What are you doing?” and Alexander said, “I am conquering the world.”

And they both laughed. Each one thought that the other was a fool. The gymnosophist said, “Why is he conquering the world? It’s pointless.” And Alexander thought, “Why is he sitting around, doing nothing? What a waste of a life.”

To understand this difference in viewpoints, we have to understand the subjective truth of Alexander — his myth, and the mythology that constructed it. Alexander’s mother, his parents, his teacher Aristotle told him the story of Homer’s “Iliad.” They told him of a great hero called Achilles, who, when he participated in battle, victory was assured, but when he withdrew from the battle, defeat was inevitable. “Achilles was a man who could shape history, a man of destiny, and this is what you should be, Alexander.” That’s what he heard.

 “What should you not be? You should not be Sisyphus, who rolls a rock up a mountain all day only to find the boulder rolled down at night. Don’t live a life which is monotonous, mediocre, meaningless. Be spectacular! — like the Greek heroes, like Jason, who went across the sea with the Argonauts and fetched the Golden Fleece.

Be spectacular like Theseus, who entered the labyrinth and killed the bull-headed Minotaur. When you play in a race, win! — because when you win, the exhilaration of victory is the closest you will come to the ambrosia of the gods.”

 the Greeks believed you live only once, and when you die, you have to cross the River Styx. And if you have lived an extraordinary life, you will be welcomed to Elysium, or what the French call “Champs-Élysées” — (Laughter) — the heaven of the heroes.

But these are not the stories that the gymnosophist heard. He heard a very different story. He heard of a man called Bharat, after whom India is called Bhārata. Bharat also conquered the world. And then he went to the top-most peak of the greatest mountain of the center of the world called Meru. And he wanted to hoist his flag to say, I was here first.”

when he reached the mountain peak, he found the peak covered with countless flags of world-conquerors before him, each one claiming “‘I was here first’ … that’s what I thought until I came here.” And suddenly, in this canvas of infinity, Bharat felt insignificant. This was the mythology of the gymnosophist.

Bharat had heroes, like Ram — Raghupati Ram and Krishna, Govinda Hari. But they were not two characters on two different adventures. They were two lifetimes of the same hero.

When the Ramayana ends the Mahabharata begins. When Ram dies, Krishna is born. When Krishna dies, eventually he will be back as Ram.

the Indians also had a river that separates the land of the living from the land of the dead. But you don’t cross it once. You go to and fro endlessly. It was called the Vaitarani. You go again and again and again.

nothing lasts forever in India, not even death. And so, you have these grand rituals where great images of mother goddesses are built and worshiped for 10 days … And what do you do at the end of 10 days? You dunk it in the river. Because it has to end. And next year, she will come back.

What goes around always comes around, and this rule applies not just to man, but also the gods. Even the gods have to come back again and again and again as Ram, as Krishna. Not only do they live infinite lives, but the same life is lived infinite times till you get to the point of it all. “Groundhog Day.” (Laughter)

Two different mythologies. Which is right? Two different mythologies, two different ways of looking at the world.

One linear, one cyclical. One believes this is the one and only life. The other believes this is one of many lives.

the denominator of Alexander’s life was one. So, the value of his life was the sum total of his achievements. The denominator of the gymnosophist’s life was infinity. So, no matter what he did, it was always zero. And I believe it is this mythological paradigm that inspired Indian mathematicians to discover the number zero. Who knows?

that brings us to the mythology of business.

If Alexander’s belief influenced his behavior, if the gymnosophist’s belief influences his behavior, then it was bound to influence the business they were in. You see, what is business but the result of how the market behaves and how the organization behaves?

And if you look at cultures around the world, all you have to do is understand the mythology and you will see how they behave and how they do business.

Take a look. If you live only once, in one-life cultures around the world, you will see an obsession with binary logic, absolute truth, standardization, absoluteness, linear patterns in design.

But if you look at cultures which have cyclical and based on infinite lives, you will see a comfort with fuzzy logic, with opinion, with contextual thinking, with everything is relative, sort of mostly. (Laughter)

You look at art. Look at the ballerina, how linear she is in her performance. And then look at the Indian classical dancer, the Kuchipudi dancer, the Bharatanatyam dancer, curvaceous. (Laughter)

And then look at business. Standard business model: vision, mission, values, processes. Sounds very much like the journey through the wilderness to the promised land, with the commandments held by the leader. And if you comply, you will go to heaven.

in India there is no “the” promised land. There are many promised lands, depending on your station in society, depending on your stage of life. You see, businesses are not run as institutions, by the idiosyncrasies of individuals. It’s always about taste. It’s always about my taste.

Indian music, for example, does not have the concept of harmony. There is no orchestra conductor. There is one performer standing there, and everybody follows. And you can never replicate that performance twice. It is not about documentation and contract. It’s about conversation and faith. It’s not about compliance. It’s about setting, getting the job done, by bending or breaking the rules — just look at your Indian people around here, you’ll see them smile; they know what it is. (Laughter) And then look at people who have done business in India, you’ll see the exasperation on their faces.

this is what India is today. The ground reality is based on a cyclical world view. So, it’s rapidly changing, highly diverse, chaotic, ambiguous, unpredictable. And people are okay with it. And then globalization is taking place. The demands of modern institutional thinking is coming in. Which is rooted in one-life culture. And a clash is going to take place, like on the banks of the Indus. It is bound to happen.

I have personally experienced it. I’m trained as a medical doctor. I did not want to study surgery. Don’t ask me why. I love mythology too much. I wanted to learn mythology. But there is nowhere you can study. So, I had to teach it to myself. And mythology does not pay, well, until now.

I had to take up a job. And I worked in the pharma industry. And I worked in the healthcare industry. And I worked as a marketing guy, and a sales guy, and a knowledge guy, and a content guy, and a training guy. I even was a business consultant, doing strategies and tactics. And I would see the exasperation between my American and European colleagues, when they were dealing with India.

 Example: Please tell us the process to invoice hospitals. Step A. Step B. Step C. Mostly. (Laughter) How do you parameterize “mostly”? How do you put it in a nice little software? You can’t.

I would give my viewpoints to people. But nobody was interested in listening to it, you see, until I met Kishore Biyani of the Future group. he has established the largest retail chain, called Big Bazaar.

And there are more than 200 formats, across 50 cities and towns of India. And he was dealing with diverse and dynamic markets. And he knew very intuitively, that best practices, developed in Japan and China and Europe and America will not work in India. He knew that institutional thinking doesn’t work in India. Individual thinking does. He had an intuitive understanding of the mythic structure of India.

14:33 So, he had asked me to be the Chief Belief Officer, and said, “All I want to do is align belief.” Sounds so simple. But belief is not measurable. You can’t measure it. You can’t manage it. So, how do you construct belief? How do you enhance the sensitivity of people to Indian-ness. Even if you are Indian, it is not very explicit, it is not very obvious.

I tried to work on the standard model of culture, which is, develop stories, symbols and rituals. And I will share one of the rituals with you.  it is based on the Hindu ritual of Darshan.

Hindus don’t have the concept of commandments. So, there is nothing right or wrong in what you do in life. So, you’re not really sure how you stand in front of God. when you go to the temple, all you seek is an audience with God. You want to see God. And you want God to see you, and hence the gods have very large eyes, large unblinking eyes, sometimes made of silver, so they look at you.

Because you don’t know whether you’re right or wrong, and so all you seek is divine empathy. “Just know where I came from, why I did the Jugaad.” (Laughter) “Why did I do the setting, why I don’t care for the processes. Just understand me, please.”

based on this, we created a ritual for leaders. After a leader completes his training and is about to take over the store, we blindfold him, we surround him with the stakeholders, the customer, his family, his team, his boss. You read out his KRA, his KPI, you give him the keys, and then you remove the blindfold.

And invariably, you see a tear, because the penny has dropped. He realizes that to succeed, he does not have to be a “professional,” he does not have to cut out his emotions, he has to include all these people in his world to succeed, to make them happy, to make the boss happy, to make everyone happy.

The customer is happy, because the customer is God.

That sensitivity is what we need. Once this belief enters, behavior will happen, business will happen. And it has. So, then we come back to Alexander and to the gymnosophist. And everybody asks me, “Which is the better way, this way or that way?”

And it’s a very dangerous question, because it leads you to the path of fundamentalism and violence. So, I will not answer the question. What I will give you is an Indian answer, the Indian head-shake.

17:09 Depending on the context, depending on the outcome, choose your paradigm.

 both paradigms are human constructions. They are cultural creations, not natural phenomena.

And so the next time you meet someone, a stranger, one request: Understand that you live in the subjective truth, and so does he. Understand it. And when you understand it you will discover something spectacular. You will discover that within infinite myths lies the eternal truth. Who sees it all? Varuna has but a thousand eyes. Indra, a hundred. You and I, only two. Thank you. Namaste.

The Jewish roots of the Wahhabi sect and Saudi Arabia dynasty

‎غسان كركي‎'s photo.

.غسان كركيOctober 16 at 2:00pm ·

الأصول اليهودية لآل سعود وتدميرهم لآثار النبي والصحابة بمكة والمحافظة على آثار يهود خيبر
آل سعود يهود وينتسبون إلى بني قينقاع : التاريخ يثبت يهودية آل سعود

من المعروف والمشهور بين كبار المشايخ في الجزيرة العربية أن أول الإجراءات التي قام بها عبد العزيز(بن سعود) بعد احتلال الجزيرة بمساعدة بريطانيا هو حركته السريعة نحو نجران لتطويق كل ما يمكن أن يثبت الأصول اليهودية لآل سعود وكان في حينها (الياس بن مقرن الياهو) زعيم اليهود في نجران وأحد أسلاف آلسعود وكان بيد الياس من الوثائق اليهودية التي تثبت يهودية آل سعود ،والأصول اليهودية “لمكرن” جدهم ، ومكرن هذا الذي حرف اسمه لاحقا إلى “مقرن” حيث يلتقى عبد العزيز مع الياس الياهو في الجد السادس وهو الجدالجامع لإلياس وآل سعود ، واثر وصول مبعوثي بن سعود إلى نجران الا واختفى الياس وما معه من وثائق، ولكن البريطاني جون فيلبي مهندس العرش السعودي وبن سعود لم يطمئنا واحتمال بقاء شيء من تلك الوثائق أو غيرها في نجران ومحيطها من نجد شرقا إلى الحجاز غربا ، لذا تقرر أن يقوم فريق مخابراتي بريادة جون فيلبي نفسة- لأهمية الموضوع لدى المخابرات البريطانية مؤسسةالعرش السعودي- بتمشيط المنطقة تحت غطاء بعثة أثار بلجيكية ، تكونت البعثة من ثلاثة يهود :فيليبليبنز/ كونزاك ريكمان/ جاك ريكمان ورابعهم هاري سنت جون فيلبي الذي أصبح) الشيخ عبدالله فيلبي) فيما بعد وقد استغرقت الرحلة مدة أربعة أشهر حيث انطلقوا جوا من بلجيكا يوم24/أكتوبر من عام 1951 إلى بدايات عام 1952 وقد بذل الأربعة جهود مضنية منذ انطلاقتهم من الرياض إلى نجران إلى جدة مرورا بكل قرية وكل بئر وكل حجر ومدر بهذا المحيط.

ولمن أراد المزيد عن هذه الرحلة فليراجع كتاب (رحلة استكشافية في وسط الجزيرة العربية) من تأليف عضو الفريق البلجيكي فيليب ليبنز الذي ننقل المقاطع التالية منه بالحرف وقد قدّم للكتاب كما هو مثبت في بدايته سلمان بن عبد العزيز أمير الرياض والكتاب ترجمة وطباعة دارة عبد العزيز و أحد إصدارات الدارة بمناسبة المئوية كما يسمونها.

يؤكد الكتاب الإشراف المباشر لعبد العزيز على الفريق ورحلته وتكفله بكل نفقات الرحلة ولا يفوتنا توضيح ما المح إليه في الكتاب وهو قيام الفريق بتصوير وعمل خرائط وإحداثيات لآلاف من المواقع والآثار والأماكن والتي رتبها الفريق لاحقا كوثائق ومرجع للحفاظ على آثار أسلاف بن سعود وحفظت هذه الوثائق لدى كبرى المنظمات اليهودية في العالم والنسخ الأصلية موجودة الآن في سويسرا ويتعاهدها آل سعود بشكل دائم.

يذكر ليبنز نص البرقية التي بعث بها بن سعود إليهم للبدء في رحلتهم المكلّفة بعمل مرجع للحفاظ على الآثار اليهودية جنوب الجزيرة العربية وغربها ، جاء في البرقية نصا:

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
المملكة العربية السعودية
رقم : 5859/2/3/5
ديوان جلالة الملك التاريخ: 2/ 10/ 1370هـ
الشعبة السياسية
عزيزي الحاج فيلبي المحترم
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله

جواباً على رسالتكم بتاريخ 17 رمضان 1370 هـ التي تطلبون فيها الأذن لكم للقيام برحلة إلى منطقة نجران من اجل البحث عن الآثار القديمة، على غرار ما سبق لكما أن قمتم به مؤخراً حيث رأيتم أنها كانت مفيدة خلال استكشافاتكم للمنطقة الشمالية ـ الشرقية للمملكة..

وقد عرض هذا الموضوع على الدوائر العليا فحظي بموافقة المقام السامي الذي أمر بالتصديق عليه وبتنفيذ جميع البنود الواردة فيه

وتقبلوا فائق تحياتي

التوقيع : يوسف ياسين

ويوسف ياسين هذا يهودي من أصل شامي مكلفا من المخابرات البريطانية بإدارة الشؤون القانونية والسياسية في فريق بن سعود الذي يرأسه جون فيلبي ولاحظ مخاطبة الديوان الملكي للأخير بالحاج فيلبي ؟؟ .
وجاء في كتاب المناضل ناصر السعيد( أحد أهم مناضلي الجزيرة العربية منذ الخمسينيات وحتى اختطافه من قبل الحكومة السعودية من بيروت عام 1400هـ)- (تاريخ آل سعود( :

تتكشف الحقائق جلية في الصفحات التالية عن جوانب الأصول “الأصلية” (لآل سعود) بشهادة واحد من أتباع آل سعود، هو محمد التميمي مؤرخ الشجرة السعودية التي دفع له قيمتها الملك عبد العزيز والذي ما زال على قيد الحياة يعمل لديهم بعد أن قلدوه عدداً من المناصب منها إدارة المكتبات العامة وعددا من الأمور القضائية. و”الشيخ” محمد التميمي يكشف دون قصد الإساءة “لآل سعود” بل ربما بقصد التفاخر بأنسابهم وإبراز “دهاء آل سعود الذي ما تواجد في العقول العربية إلا نادرا!…” أوربما ليبرز أن له دوراً رديئاً قضاه مع فيلبي

جون فليبي “الحاج جون”

لقد بدأ الشهادة بالحديث عن رحلته وهو لم يدرك أنها شهادة للتاريخ… ورحلته هذه هي التي رافق فيها المؤسس الأول للعرش السعودي “الحديث” (جون فيلبي) الذي “أسلم” هو الآخر ! وعلى طريقة “الإسلام السعودي” نفسه، فسمته المخابرات الإنكليزية باسم “الشيخ الحاج محمد عبد الله فيلبي”… وكان رفيقه في رحلته تلك إلى نجران الشيخ محمد التميمي… فكم يا محمدْ تسمّوا بكَ وكم يا محمدأ ساءوا إليك وملخص الحقائق التالية والتي تليها أن فيلبي ومعه التميمي ذهبا برسالة من الملك عبد العزيز آل سعود إلى اليهودي يوسف بن مقرن الياهو وكان عبد العزيز يواصله باستمرار وطلب منه فيلبي لحساب عبد العزيز تسليمه الكتاب المهم (وقد أقنعه أنهم يريدون طبعه) والكتاب هو: (نبع نجران المكين في تراث أهله الأولين) الجامع الشامل لتاريخ يهود الجزيرة العربيةكلها ـ الأولين والآخرين ـ وكافة اليهود الذين دخلوا في الدين الإسلامي والمسيحي واندسوا في القبائل الأخرى للاحتماء بها وأثارتها ضد العرب ونشر النفوذ اليهودي الذي سبق له أن تقلص بعد أن لوحق في جزيرة العرب منذ عهد النبي محمد بعد مؤامراتهم ضده… وانتشرت بقايا اليهود في كافة الديانات والبلدان الأخرى…وفي هذا الكتاب كشف واضح لانسلاخ عدد من يهود قبيلة بني القينقاع وكيف تم إسلامهم ومنهم “آل سعود” وكيف أطلقوا على أنفسهم اسم “آلسعود” وكيف هاجروا إلى العراق، وكيف اندسوا في فخذ المصاليخ، وزعموا أنهم من قبيلة “عنزة” وغير ذلك مما يكشف الغطاء ـ غطاء ـ الذهب الأسود الخادع عن وجوه آل سعود يتابع المناضل ناصر السعيد :لقد هادن السعوديون الرأي العام العربي والإسلامي فترة وتظاهروا بالتوبة ثم عمدوا إلى شراء أقلام الكتاب والصحافيين المأجورة يسترون بها عوراتهم وجرائمهم بأموال المسلمين وذلك حرصاً على استتباب الأمر لهم. ولما ظهر البترول في البلاد العربية التي اغتصبوها من أصحابها وأعطوا امتيازاتها للشركات الأمريكية الاحتكارية بأبخس الآثمان وأبطرتهم النعمة المسروقة فعادوا سيرتهم الأولى وانطلقوا يحملون معهم خيرات البلاد لينفقوها بالملايين وعشرات الملايين على الفسق والفجور وشرب الخمور وانتهاك الأعراض حتّى انتشرت فضائحهم في الشرق والغرب وتحدثت عنها صحف العالم بينما ضنوا بالنزر اليسير منها على قضايا التحرر والشعوب التي ابتليت بحكمهم فتضورت جوعا. ولم يحرموا هذه الشعوب من خيرات البترول فحسب بل حرموها من أبسط ما يتمتع به الإنسان من كرامة وحرموها من أبسط الحريات فلا حرية للمعتقد ولا حرية للعادة ولا حرية للقول ولا حرية للكلام فالكتب والصحف محظورة إلا ما مجّد السعوديين وأباح جورهم وأشاد

لماذا يكفّر (آل سعود) المسلمين ويستحلون دماءهم وأعراضهم وأموالهم؟!

ولماذا لم يحارب السعوديون إلا العرب ولم يخربوا إلا ديارهم ولم ينتهكوا إلا حرماتهم؟

لماذا وقف السعوديون هذا الموقف المخزي من كارثة فلسطين فكانوا حرباً على أهلها؟

لماذا أبى ملكهم عبد العزيز بن سعود أن يهدد بقطع النفط يوم كان هذا التهديد حاسماً في منع تقسيم فلسطين، ولماذا رفض أن يساهم بدينار واحد في إنقاذ أرض فلسطين ، ولماذا رفض أن يبعث جيشا سعودياً مع جيوش العرب الداخلة إلى فلسطين ولماذا كان هذا الجند السعودي جاهزا أبدا للهجوم على أي بلد عربي يقف هذا البلد موقفا حازما مع الاستعمار أو مقاومة المشاريع اليهودية والأمريكية في المنطقة ؟

فنجد السعوديون يحاربون الشيعة في إيران ولبنان ويحاربون النظام السوري ويساعدون اليهود والأمريكان في حربهم ضد هذه الدول وفرض الحصار عليها لأنها دول الممانعة والمقاومة وليس لأنها تعتنق المذهب الشيعي ، فتصدير الحرب علي أنها حرب مذهبية خدعة كبري والحقيقة هي أن آل سعود يحاربون كل من يعادي اليهود والأمريكان لأنهم يهود أولاد يهود .

كان المخلصون في كل مكان يحارون في الإجابة على هذه الأسئلة، وكانوا يندهشون لهذا التصرف السعودي اللئيم ولا يجدون له تفسيراً إلا أن الطبيعة اليهودية الشريرة قد سيطرت على هذه السلالة فجعلتها سفاكة للدماء خائنة للعرب والمسلمين!..
ولكن لماذا كانت طبيعة الشر هذه لا توجه السعوديين إلا لقتل العرب والمسلمين ؟..

لماذا لا توجههم إلى المستعمرين، إلى اليهود، إلى وجهة غير وجهة أذى الإسلام والعروبة ؟

وها نحن اليوم نكشف حقيقة السعوديين ونفسر ما أعيا تفسيره الأذهان

آن السعوديين ليسوا عربا وليسوا مسلمين، ولكنهم تستروا بالعروبة وبالإسلام تغطية لإجرامهم وستراً لمؤامراتهم وتمويهاً لخياناتهم. وهذه هي القصة بكاملها تنشر وتطبع اليوم لأول مرة بعد أن عرفت وجالت على الأفواه قبل اليوم في نجد وفي الجزيرة، ولكن لم يكن يجرؤ أحد ممن عرفوها على التصريح بها وتداولها رهبة وخوفا، وها نحن إذ نقدمها للقارئ الكريم نضع حداً لهذا الزيف في التاريخ، وياله من زيف

ونترك الكلام الآن لشخصية نجدية جليلة نكتفي بأن نرمز إلى اسمها بالشيخ حسين خوفا من أن تمتد إليها يد البطش السعودي إذ لا تزال هذه اليد قادرة على الوصول إليها… .

يتابع المناضل ناصر السعيد :

قال الشيخ حسين:
أقرأتم التأريخ المزور الذي رسمته وكتبته الأقلام المأجورة المستثمرة وأملته الضمائر الخائنة لقاء أرقام من المال؟
أنه أرقام بأرقام من الجمل المرصوفة الكاذبة الخائنة بأرقام من المال تبدأ بالألوف وتنتهي بالملايين، ذلكم التاريخ هو تاريخ آل سعود، تاريخ اجتمع على وضعه وتزويره خونة سعوديون أين منهم مسيلمة الكذاب وسجاح من غربيين وشرقيين ومستشرقين؟ والانكى من ذلك والأدهى هو أن هؤلاء الخونة ربطوا تاريخ هذه الجزيرة العربية الحافل بالبطولات والأمجاد والتي شع منها نور المعرفة وبزغ من ربوعها فجر الحضارة وأشرق على الأفكار سناها، هذه الجزيرة العربية التي يرتبط تاريخ الشعوب الإسلامية بتاريخها، ربط هؤلاء الخونة المأجورون تاريخها بتاريخ آل سعود، التاريخ المزور الذي حشد المستعمرون وعملاؤهم من كتاب ومؤرخين كل جهودهم لتزويره وفرضه تاريخا على الجزيرة العربية وبالتالي على تاريخ الشعوب الإسلامية، وبالنتيجة يفقد العرب والمسلمون كل تاريخهم الذي حفل بأنواع البطولات والعبقريات.

ونحن هنا في قلب الجزيرة العربية لا يشرفنا أن يرتبط تاريخنا بتاريخ الأسرة الخائنة الفاجرة، الأسرة التي تسللت في الظلام لتسطو على مقدراتنا ومقدساتنا وتستولي على السلطة بالقوة بدون مبرر. وتتآمر على تاريخنا وذلك بأن تزور لها تاريخا على حساب تاريخنا فتدعي لنفسها زورا وافتراء بأنها صانعة التاريخ الحديث في الجزيرة العربية ، ونحن أمس واليوم وفي الحاضر كأننا لا تاريخ لنا يذكر إلا على هامش تاريخ آل سعود.

لذلك نرى لزاما علينا أن نصحح هذا الخطأ من تاريخنا ونمحو هذه الوصمة من جبينه الناصع البياض، ونقدم آل سعود على حقيقتهم وكيف دخلوا البلاد حاكمين وما هو دورهم في هذه الحقب التي توالوا عليها منذ تسليمهم هذا العرش المتزعزع الذي توارثوه واحدا عن واحد، ولدينا من الحقائق الواضحة والأدلة الناصعة ما تصفع كل مزور خائن.. بل تقذف بالحق على الباطل فيدمغه فإذا هو زاهق ولكم الويل مما تصفون وعلى اسم الله نمضي في تحقيقنا هذا
فمن هم آل سعود؟… إليك الجواب أيها القارئ:

في أمسية من أماسي عام 1937 كان ركب السير جون فيلبي الإنكليزي الشهير الذي صار الحاكم الفعلي للجزيرة العربية والموجه لسياستها والمدير لأمورها… كان ركب فيلبي هذا يدخل مدينة نجران في رحلته الشهيرة التي مضى فيها بعد ذلكإلى الربع الخالي. وكان في الركب رفيق لفيلبي اسمه محمد التميمي (والتميمي هو مؤلف شجرة آل سعود)… فما أن استراح “فيلبي” من وعثاء السفر حتّى راحيسأل في نجران عن أسرة يهودية عن عميدها المسمى ” يوسف بن مقرن الياهو” ليسلمه أمانة مالية مرسلة من الملك عبد العزيز بن سعود، ثم مضى فيلبييصحبه التميمي وسلم “فيلبي” يوسف المذكور خمسمائة ريال فضية من العملةالمنقوشة عليها اسم “ماري تريز” وهي العملة المتداولة في اليمن آنذاك،وأبلغه تحيات الملك، وسأله عن حاجاته ليقضي منها ما يستطيع قضاءه وليرفع مالا يستطيع قضاءه إلى الملك ليقضيه بنفسه. فشكر يوسف اليهودي فضل الملك وعاطفته ثم قدم إلى فيلبي كتابا خطيا بعضه بالعربية وبعضه بالعبرية اسمه العربي (نبع نجران المكين في تراث أهله الأولين) ولم يكن بعض ما في الكتاب مجهولا لدى كثير من الخاصة في نجد، ولكن التفاصيل التي فيه كانت مثيرة حقا، وكلف يوسف اليهودي رسول الملك فيلبي أن يهدي بالنيابة عنه هذا الكتاب إلى جلالة الملك السعودي تقديرا لعاطفته وصلاته المتكررة ليهود نجران بعامة وليوسف أسرته بخاصة، وقد كان في الكتاب شيئا خطيرا حمل فيلبي على أن يذاكر بشأنه زميله الإنكليزي الآخر هـ. ر. ب. دكسن المعتمد البريطاني في الكويت، وأن يقررا معا وجوب طي الكتاب وعدم إظهاره حرصا على المصلحة الاستعمارية.

وينقل الشيخ حسين عن محمد التميمي ـ قوله: لقد أغاظني هذا اليهودي يوسف وهو يحدثنا حديثه المزري عن آل سعود ومع أنه كان يثني عليهم ويشيد بطرقهم للوصول إلى الحكم ودعم اليهود لهم إلا أنه كان يذم العرب والمسلمين ويقول أنهم لا يصلحون لتولي أمور الناس وكان يشير إلى ما كنا نجهل تفاصيله يوم ذاك، ويكشف لنا اليهودي حقائق مذهلة في الكتاب مفاخرابها بقوله: (لقد ظل الذين يعرفونها يتهامسون بها همسا ويوصلها جيل إلى جيل ليأتي اليوم الذي يمكن الجهر بها من غير أن يخشى الجاهر فتكا ولا بطشا وقد جاء والحمد لله هذا اليوم المنتظر الذي نقول فيه:

إن السعوديين من أصل يهودي إذ يرجعون بنسبهم إلى “بني القينقاع”، ومن أبناء أعمامهم اليهودي النجراني يوسف المتقدم ذكره والفائز بصلات الملك السعودي ومبرّراته والذي يلتقي نسبه مع آل سعود في الجد السادس وقد تفرغ الجميع من اليهودي سليمان اسلايم الذي كان له ولدان أحدهما اسمه (مكرن) الذي سمي “مقرن” أخيرا وهو واحد من أجداد آل سعود وهذه هي بعض التفاصيل في كتاب : )نبع نجران المكين في تراث أهله الأولين) ينقلها الشيخ حسين فيقول: قال لي التميمي انّه شاهد في كتاب “نبع نجران المكين” إن الاسم الحقيقي لعائلة آلسعود هو “عائلة “مردخاي” وان هذه العائلة اليهودية كانت منبوذة وكانت تتعاطى التجارة، وانه ـ أي التميمي ـ تذكر أنه رأى ذلك في شجرتها التي طلبمنه وضعها من قبل عبد العزيز وانه أحسَّ أخيراً أنه زيف في هذه الشجرة لتغيب حقيقتهم اليهودية.
ويقول التميمي:لقد وجدت في هذا الكتاب حلقات مفقودة ووجدت أسباب حيرة أجداد الـ “مرد خاي”، وصعوبة اندماجهم في القبائل العربية وان الأمر لم يكن سهلا أن تقبل القبائل بتبديل اسم عائلة الـ “مرد خاي” وهضم هذا الاسم، فالقبائل تأبى الدخيل وتلفظه واستعرضت عائلة آل مردخاي أمامها أسماء العشائر المعروفة فرأوا أنما من قبيلة تحترم نفسها يمكن أن يذوبوا في غمارها، لذلك اتجه تفكيرهم إلىعشيرة من العشائر النكرة في المنطقة لكي لا ينكشف أمرهم أمام أهل نجران وأمام العشائر المجاورة لها فوقع اختيارهم على عشيرة “المصاليخ” وهي فخذ صغير من أفخاذ قبيلة عنزة مشهور بين العشائر بتفاهته وعدم تحسسه بالحس القبلي والنعرة العشائرية بحيث لا يوجد منه سوى أقلية بجبل سنجار شمال العراق وأقلية أخرى انصهرت في عشيرة الحسنة القاطنة في ضواحي الشام والتابعة لمشيخة ابن ملحم. وكانت هذه الفكرة اليهودية محكمة كل الأحكام فاستطاعت عائلة آل مردخاي أن تعايش (المصاليخ) وأن تحتمي بها لحماية تجارتها، فطابت لهم هذه الحماية، فأسلم اليهود.
وينقل الشيخ حسين عن محمد التميمي قوله :
كان يوسف اليهودي لا يريد أن يبوح أمامي بحقيقة النسب الذي يربطه بآلسعود وكان يتكلم بالمعاريض وحرص على أن لا أعلم بحقيقة ما في الكتاب المهدى إلى فيلبي، وكان في الكتاب تفاصيل للأحداث النجرانية وبعضها متعلق بالنسب السعودي، ولكن يوسف عاد بعد ذلك يتحدث بلا تحفظ أو بشيء من التحفظ حينما أخبره فيلبي أنني مؤلف الشجرة السعودية فكان مما عرفناه منه أن آلسعود الأولين كانوا يعطفون عليهم ولم يتنكروا للرحم حتّى جده الثالث داوود، ثم عادوا يتجاهلونهم بعد ذلك ويحاولون الابتعاد عنهم بسبب الظروف التي صار فيها آل سعود، إلى أن انتهى الأمر إلى عبد العزيز واستقرت به الحال واطمأن إلى المصير فعاود الاتصال بهم والعطف عليهم، وكان ما حمله إليه فيلبي بعض ما كان يصلهم به ويغدقه عليهم. على أن عبد العزيز لم يسمحلهم في حال من الأحوال بأن يتصلوا به شخصيا وأن يعلنوا ما يجب ستره من صلات القربى ، والسعوديون بهذا النسب اليهودي العريق يشبهون اليهود الأتراك الذي عرفوا باسم ” الدونمة” وهم يهود سكنوا البلاد التركية لاسيما سلونيك، واضطرتهم ظروف الحياة إلى إعلان إسلامهم مع إبطان يهوديتهم فأطلق عليهم الأتراك اسم “الدونمة” تمييزا لهم عن المسلمين الصحيح يالإسلام

وقد استغل الدونمة هذا التظاهر بالإسلام أسوأ استغلال فأتاح لهم ما لم يكن يتاح من التغلغل في صفوف المواطنين تخريبا وكيدا وقد أصبحوا مصدر الدسائس التي أحاقت بتركيا، ولم تحل بها نكبة ولم تقم بها مؤامرة الا كان الدونمة رأسها وبذلك كانوا كالسعوديين في العرب نسبا وحسبا ومناقب!! وبعد فهل عرفتم .

ويتابع المناضل ناصر السعيد :

ثلاثية الأصول… ويوسف بن مقرن الياهو
ألقت الثورة اليمانية القبض على يوسف بن مقرن الياهو في 19/ 12/ 1962 حينما تسلل إلى اليمن واعترف يوسف بكل تحركاته بين فلسطين المحتلة والجزيرة العربية، واعترف بصلاته الوثيقة العرقية بآل سعود، واعترف بالكتاب المذكور حينما سألناه عنه، وقال: (لقد حزنت كثيرا على هذا الكتاب الذي أخذه مني جون فيلبي بناء على طلب من عبد العزيز آل سعود في رسالة قال فيها عبد العزيز أنه يريد طبعه لكنه تبين أن عبد العزيز يريد أن يخفي الكتاب لكي لا ننشره نحن اليهود ولكي لا يقع بيد غيرنا من اليهود أيضاً لان عبد العزيز أعداء من اليهود التقدميين لا يؤيدون طريقته وحينما راجعت عبد العزيز حول الكتاب وقلت له دعنا نتولى طبعه نحن، ضحك عبد العزيز وهو يسخر من هذا الكلام وقال “هذا الكلام هو الذي جعلني أطلب الكتاب منكم لأنني علمت بعزمكم على تسريبه لليهود في فلسطين ليتخذ منه بعضهم وسيلة ضغط كبيرة ضدي تجعلني أسير حسبما يرون.

وهم لا يدركون عواقب سيرنا المكشوف حسب أهوائهم وحسبما يريدون لا حسبما تقتضيه مصلحتنا المشتركة” وقال لي عبدالعزيز: “وعلى كل حال فان الكتاب موجود لدى الأخ عبد الله فيلبي فتشاور معه عن موضعه” ولما ذهبت إلى فيلبي وسألته عن الكتاب قال فيلبي: “لقد نقلت وصورت ما يهمني من الكتاب وسلمته لعبد العزيز” فقلت لفيلبي

“أنني أخشى أن يحرقه عبد العزيز” فقال فيلبي: ” انّه فعلا ينوي إحراقه ثم تراجع وطمأنني عبد العزيز بعد أن قرأت له الكتاب: بقوله (انّه كتاب مهم وهو ليس “نبع نجران المكين في تراث أهله الأولين، فقط وإنما هو نبع العالم كله في تاريخ اليهود”. وقال جون فيلبي: “يا أخ يوسف… إن الكتاب لدى عبد العزيز وقد أقسم لي أنه لن يذهب منه الكتاب إلا إذا ذهبت روحه وانه إرثه الوحيد الذي يريد توريثه لا لكل أولاده وأنتما لأعز أولاده، وقد اطلع عليه جمع كبير من أقاربه وأخوته ومنهم شقيقه عبد الله بن عبد الرحمن اطلع عليه قسم من كبار أولاده، وقال لهم عبد العزيز: على كل حال ياعيالي ـ أنا ما أطلعتكم على هذا الكتاب إلا لتعرفوا أنكم أنتم وحدكم فيهذا العالم الذين جمعتم المجد من أطرافه الثلاثة فأنتم: يهود، عرب،مسلمين، إنها “ثلاثية الأصول الحقيقية ”

هذا ما قاله يوسف بن مقرن الياهو باعترافاته في اليمن وقد أذيعت من الإذاعة قبيل الساعة الخامسة من بعد ظهر يوم 20/12/ 1962 كما اعترف أنه مواطن سعودي وسافر بجواز سعودي إلى فلسطين عام 1947 بمهمة وأخذ يتردد بعدها بين إسرائيل والأردن وخيبر والرياض ونجران وجدة والمدينة ومكة وتبوك واليمن، وقال: “أن لآل سعود علاقات جيدة بإسرائيل وأنهم يسبونها علنا ويتعاونون معها سرا” وقال: “مع إن المخفي أصبح مكشوفا في دوائرهم” وقال يوسف مقرن الياهو: “وللتغطية والتستر على هذا ترونهم يعلنون في مناسبات شتى: “أن المملكة السعودية لن تقبل بإدخال اليهود الذين يحملون جنسيات أمريكية مزدوجة،ولكون الأمريكان يدركون أن مثل هذا “الإعلان” ما هو إلا من باب كسب الدعاية أمام الفلسطينيين والعرب فإنهم يستقبلون مثل هذا الإعلان بالابتسامات العريضة”… وحينما قال المحقق لليهودي: (هل نعرف من كلامك هذا أن السعودية تتعاون مع اليهود؟)… قال اليهودي: “إن هناك مواطنين يهود سعوديين يعيشون حياة عادية كسائر الناس. أما اليهود الأمريكان فإنهم يعملون كخبراء أو فنيين أو في دوائر تابعة للجيش أو دوائر الأمن”… وحينما قال له المحقق: (أنت تعمل لصالح إسرائيل والسعودية فهل أنت مطمئن لهذا العمل؟) قال اليهودي السعودي: “أنا لا أعمل لصالح السعودية، وأنا مطمئن في السعودية لكوني يهودي، ومطمئن لكون السعودية تعمل بكيانها لصالح اليهود وليس ضدهم سواء بصورة مباشرة أو غير مباشرة، وكل يهودي لا شك أنه يعمل لصالح اليهود وأنا كواحد من اليهود أعمل لدعم كياننا اليهودي”. وحينما سألناه هل لديك نسخة ثانية من الكتاب الذي يثبت قرابتك لآل سعود؟

أجاب: “إن لدي نسخة ثانية في نجران وإذا كان يهمكم، هذا فأعاهدكم أنني سأقدمها لكم في حال الإفراج عني على أن نقوم بطبعها لأستحصل على بعض النسخ منها”… كما تحدث عنه الرئيس عبد الله السلال .. حينما افتتح مكتب الجزيرة العربية في صنعاء يوم 26/12/1962 وقال: (إننا سنقدم هذا اليهودي الشرير الذي يقود مجموعة من المرتزقة والجواسيس بين السعودية والأردن وإسرائيل ليسمع العالم كل شئ من فمه عن أعمال السعودية ضد اليمن وضد فلسطين ويصف لنا أصول القرابة بينه وبين آل سعود وكيف دخل آل سعود في الإسلام ولماذا؟).. ولكن وبقدرة الأيدي القذرة التي تعمل في الخفاء ومنها أنور السادات الذي أوكل بشؤون اليمن، وكان ممن تسببوا بهزيمة الثورة في اليمن وإغلاق مقرنا للتدريب، وبعد عشرة أيام من إذاعة بيان يوسف بن مقرن الياهو واعتقاله في اليمن نقل الرئيس السلال إلى القاهرة بحجة السفر للاستشفاء!… فحل حسن العمري مكانه، والعمري كما هو معروف من العملاء “الاصلاء” للسعودية. وما هي إلا أيام ثلاثة من تولي العمري “نيابة السلال” حتّى نقلوا اليهودي يوسف بن مقرن الياهو عبر الحدود اليمانية السعودية إلى نجران. لما أن السعودية كانت في حالة حرب مع اليمن، وتسلمه الأمير خالد السديري فنقل إلى جدة وعاد إلى نجران ثانية. ثم سافر عبر الأردن إلى فلسطين المحتلة ثم عاد، وما زال يتنقل بحرية تامة وبهمة الشباب رغم كونه قد تجاوز سن الـ 80 لكن من يراه لا يعطيه من العمر أكثر من 50 سنة، انّه نحيف طويل القامة صارم الملامح،تلمح الذكاء في وجههيهودية “آل سعود” ثابتة في تواريخ وأقوال وقصائد شعراء الجزيرة العربيةوفي الستينات سلطت الأضواء ـ من إذاعة العرب وإذاعة الثورة اليمنية في صنعاءـ على “يهودية آل سعود” فحاول الملك فيصل إثباتها بنوع من التحدي والتفاخر، لكنه حافظ على خط الرجوع إلى “إسلامه” المزيف حينما قال: (ان قرابة آل سعود لليهود هي قرابة “سامية”)!… وذلك من خلال تصريحاته لصحيفة “واشنطن بوست” في 17 سبتمبر 1969 التصريحات التي تناقلتها عدد من الصحف العربية ومنها “الحياة” البيروتية بقوله: (إننا واليهود أبناء عم خلّص ولن نرضى بقذفهم في البحر كما يقول البعض، بل نريد التعايش معهم بسلام)!… واستدرك يقولك: (إننا واليهود ننتمي إلى “سام” وتجمعنا السامية كما تعلمون إضافة إلى روابط قرابة الوطن، فبلادنا منبع اليهود الأول الذي منه انتشر اليهودإلى كافة أصقاع العالم)…
قصيدة شعرية تكشف يهودية آل سعود
وهذه قصيدة شعبية للشاعر بديوي الوقداني العتيبي موجهة “لسعود الأول” يكشف فيها الشاعر أصل آل سعود ويهوديتهم، ويقول لهم: أنتم اليهود الذين غدرتم بموسى وقتلتم الأنبياء ونحن لم نفعل مثل غدركم لتغدروا بنا

ترانا: ابحق موسى ـ ما غدرنا لتجزانا بهذا الغدر ياشين

وكان الغدر منكم ليس منّا فأنتم قاتلين للنبيين

يهودا قد طمعتم في وطننا باسم الدين جئتم مستحلين

كشفناكم ولكن ما كفرنا كفر… من يقتل الناس البريئين

Why highest clerics have to Sanctify every wars?

Les guerres ne sont ‘saintes’ que parce que le religieux est instrumentalisé

Une pétition “contre l’utilisation de la religion en politique et dans les guerres” circule depuis quelques jours sur les réseaux sociaux. Elle émane de plusieurs intellectuels libanais dont le professeur Antoine Courban (auteurs de nombreux essais politiques et sociétaux), Tarek Mitri (ancien ministre libanais de la Culture) et le journaliste Michel Hajji Georgiou.

Ce texte est publié alors que les autorités religieuses orthodoxes en Russie ont précisément qualifié de “Guerre sainte” l’intervention de Moscou en Syrie, lancée fin septembre officiellement contre l’Etat islamique et les groupuscules allies a USA, Israel, Turkie, Saudi Kingdom  (mais en réalité contre la plupart des opposants de Bachar al Assad, allié traditionnel de la Russie).

Dans ce context,tient à préciser que “cette pétition n’est pas politique. Il ne s’agit pas de condamner l’intervention russe, pas plus que les autres interventions en cours actuellement. Il s’agit juste d’affirmer une position existentielle et morale.”

Il explique: “Les guerres ne sont saintes que parce que le religieux est instrumentalisé, au nom de ce que j’appelle la ‘maladie identitaire’ : c’est à dire que l’individu ne se perçoit pas lui-même comme autonome, mais comme l’écho d’autre chose. Tant que l’individu n’a pas conscience de lui-même, il se protège ainsi, comme par une matrice.”

L’identitaire est porté par plusieurs concepts au fil de l’histoire de l’humanité.

“Au siècle dernier, l’identitaire était porté par le concept de race,” poursuit Antoine Courban.  “Désormais presque plus personne n’y croit (heureusement), en tout cas pas assez de monde pour donner à ce concept une valeur opérationnelle.

Au 19e siècle, c’était le concept de nation qui portait l’identitaire. Aujourd’hui, c’est le religieux.”

Il précise: “L’identitaire a toujours besoin d’un titre. Toute l’histoire humaine est marquée par cette dynamique entre le groupe fusionnel et le sujet autonome. De cette dynamique, de cette tension, peuvent aussi naître de grandes choses, comme le concept des droits de l’Homme par exemple.”

La pétition a été publiée jeudi sur une page Facebook dédiée.

Depuis le début de la révolution syrienne en 2011, les réseaux sociaux s’enflamme régulièrement entre les pro-régime et les pro- rebelles. Cette fois, le débat fait rage entre les pro- et les anti-intervention de Poutine en Syrie. Parmi les soutiens au président russe, certains avancent justement l’argument du soutien à la communauté chrétienne. Ils embrassent ainsi finalement eux aussi le concept de guerre sainte.

“Tout laisse penser que ce qui motive certains chrétiens à souscrire au prétexte de Poutine de défendre les chrétiens, c’est la maladie identitaire. Il s’agit là d’un réflexe de minoritaire. Or, s’il est évident qu’il existe moins de chrétiens que de musulmans dans la région, cela ne justifie pas de rentrer dans une logique de discrimination de l’homme sur la base de l’identité du groupe.”

Selon Antoine Courban, il n’y a pas encore d’individu en Orient.

“En 2011, le peuple syrien a véritablement formulé un projet allant dans le sens de la naissance d’un individu”, dit-il. “Il en était peut-être au stade de balbutiement, mais le projet était bien là. Et ça, le régime d’Assad l’a très bien compris. En écrasant ce projet, il s’est arrangé pour l’armer et l’islamiser, et le transformer en ce qu’on voit aujourd’hui. Toute la tragédie syrienne est là: dans le sacrifice de l’individu.”

(Comme si Saudi Kingdom et le Wahhabism vénere l’individu en aidant les terrorists en Syrie?)

– See more at:

As permanent as a tattoo: Your online life

All right, so let’s take 4 subjects that obviously go together: big data, tattoos, immortality and the Greeks. Right?

00:21 Now, the issue about tattoos is that, without a word, tattoos really do shout.

you don’t have to say a lot. [Allegiance] [Very intimate] [Serious mistakes]

And tattoos tell you a lot of stories. If I can ask an indiscreet question, how many of you have tattoos? A few, but not most.

What happens if Facebook, Google, Twitter, LinkedIn, cell phones, GPS, Foursquare, Yelp, Travel Advisor, all these things you deal with every day turn out to be electronic tattoos? And what if they provide as much information about who and what you are as any tattoo ever would?

Why all those duckface selfies might not be such a great idea:

What if Andy Warhol had it wrong, and instead of being famous for 15 minutes, we’re only anonymous for that long?|By Juan Enriquez

01:21 What’s ended up happening over the past few decades is the kind of coverage that you had as a head of state or as a great celebrity is now being applied to you every day by all these people who are Tweeting, blogging, following you, watching your credit scores and what you do to yourself.

And electronic tattoos also shout. And as you’re thinking of the consequences of that, it’s getting really hard to hide from this stuff, among other things, because it’s not just the electronic tattoos, it’s facial recognition that’s getting really good.

So you can take a picture with an iPhone and get all the names, although, again, sometimes it does make mistakes. But that means you can take a typical bar scene like this, take a picture, say, of this guy right here, get the name, and download all the records before you utter a word or speak to somebody, because everybody turns out to be absolutely plastered by electronic tattoos.

 there’s companies like that now have about 18 billion faces online. Here’s what happened to this company. [Company sold to Facebook, June 18, 2012…] There are other companies that will place a camera like this — this has nothing to do with Facebook — they take your picture, they tie it to the social media, they figure out you really like to wear black dresses, so maybe the person in the store comes up and says, “Hey, we’ve got five black dresses that would just look great on you.”

what if Andy was wrong? Here’s Andy’s theory. [In the future, everybody will be world famous for 15 minutes.] What if we flip this? What if you’re only going to be anonymous for 15 minutes? 

 because of electronic tattoos, maybe all of you and all of us are very close to immortality, because these tattoos will live far longer than our bodies will. And if that’s true, then what we want to do is we want to go through four lessons from the Greeks and one lesson from a Latin American.

Why the Greeks? the Greeks thought about what happens when gods and humans and immortality mix for a long time.

lesson number one: Sisyphus. Remember? He did a horrible thing, condemned for all time to roll this rock up, it would roll back down, roll back up, roll back down. It’s a little like your reputation. Once you get that electronic tattoo, you’re going to be rolling up and down for a long time, so as you go through this stuff, just be careful what you post.

Myth number two: Orpheus, wonderful guy, charming to be around, great partier, great singer, loses his beloved, charms his way into the underworld, only person to charm his way into the underworld, charms the gods of the underworld, they release his beauty on the condition he never look at her until they’re out. So he’s walking out and walking out and walking out and he just can’t resist. He looks at her, loses her forever. With all this data out here, it might be a good idea not to look too far into the past of those you love.

Lesson number three: Atalanta. Greatest runner. She would challenge anybody. If you won, she would marry you. If you lost, you died. How did Hippomenes beat her? Well, he had all these wonderful little golden apples, and she’d run ahead, and he’d roll a little golden apple. She’d run ahead, and he’d roll a little golden apple. She kept getting distracted. He eventually won the race. Just remember the purpose as all these little golden apples come and reach you and you want to post about them or tweet about them or send a late-night message.

 there’s Narcissus. Nobody here would ever be accused or be familiar with Narcissus. (Laughter) But as you’re thinking about Narcissus, just don’t fall in love with your own reflection.

Last lesson, from a Latin American: This is the great poet Jorge Luis Borges. When he was threatened by the thugs of the Argentine military junta, he came back and said, “Oh, come on, how else can you threaten, other than with death?” The interesting thing, the original thing, would be to threaten somebody with immortality.

And that, of course, is what we are all now threatened with today because of electronic tattoos.

Circulating currencies many folds what we produce:

Who are the producers?  

They are the peasants in remote areas, no one paying them a visit, except wholesalers at harvest time.

Millions working in sweat shop factories:  the modern sacrificial lambs targeted to die at young age for disastrous workplace conditions.

Millions working in underground tunnels, extracting raw materials, trapped in worse conditions than taupe.

Millions working in open grounds, extracting raw materials, dying young, in polluted environment, for their daily meals.

Millions of artisans and small family businesses, transforming matters into useful products for rural towns people.

If those are the people producing something then, how come so many trillions of dollar-kind money have accumulated?

Mind you that the maintenance of life, cleaning offices, hospitals, institutions, homes, garbage collecting, electrical and mechanical maintenance… might be swallowing a third of the work force around the world

Trillions being talk about like we are meaning billions of dollars

The world is currently  posting $60 trillion GNP per year;  out of that, only 5 trillion are real products worth.

$15 trillion are saved by the “poorer” developing States so that multinational financial institutions move the surplus to the “powerful” States to maintain their higher standards of living.

The financial institutions cut out their commissions for facilitating the transfer of money from the poor people to the “richer” people maintaining high State indebtedness.

Last century, people were producing.  In this century, worthless paper money are being printed, shifted, transacted, and transferred around as valuable earning; fictitious wealth backed by the power of aircraft carriers and lethal killing equipment.

Millions of “men of war” in 200 official armies, begging for their daily meals in exchange for killing their own kinds, fighting for the “fatherland”.  

In the last three centuries, razzias on grand scale, are directed for pure greed.

Billion of people are producing nothing.

They are the ones who cannot teach art but expose the results of art.

They cannot teach how to make shoes, but display instead varieties of shoes for you to select from.

The shop keepers, working a lifetime in a box, collaborating with wholesalers, quickly turning over products in warehouses.

Engineers, supposedly trained to design products and services and ending up working salesperson. Engineers  are hired to selling products and services, thinking that they can extend the illusion to consumers that they know something about the product.

It never crosses the mind of this engineer to making the effort of “re-designing” the product he is selling.

Sales people selling whatever there is to sell, uttering big technical terminologies: they have no ideas what these words mean.

Lawyers, shuffling papers and documents, bilking people, communicating with the lawyer of the other party, hammering out settlements, because they were not trained to defending clients in courts.

Teams upon teams of “hygiene engineers” cleaning offices, gathering trash, vacuuming,  and then collecting garbage.

The lower middle class, learning technical skills, working around conveyor belts, assembling consumer products and canned food.

Now and then, facilitating modern lifestyle by updating plumbing and electrical systems:  running water, ready electrical power, and automatic appliances that were meant to liberating essential time for a real productive life but falling short on target.

Mankind: a species of mendicants, with no dignity and no shame.

There was a time, still as valid now as ever, when materially fallen noblemen, had priority over the most disinherited people for the money collected in churches.

Poor Noblemen had to be secured first, lest the social structure disintegrates and chaos reign supreme.

Multinational financial institutions have to get first help:  They worked so hard to bilk people out of their earned money.

Multinational do not beg: They demand their rights as knights and barons of the establishment.

A species that convinced itself that life is precious, even if they are totally worthless to producing anything spiritual.

Compassion is meant to helping the abler body.

A specie toiling a lifetime not producing a dime’s worth;  unable to write an article, even an illegible one.

A species no longer worth surviving

Cuba: best location to train doctors?

Big problems need big solutions, sparked by big ideas, imagination and audacity.

journalist Gail Reed profiles one big solution worth noting: Havana’s Latin American Medical School, which trains global physicians to serve the local communities that need them most.

Gail Reed. Cuban health care expert. Full bio

Filmed Sept. 2014

I want to tell you how 20,000 remarkable young people from over 100 countries ended up in Cuba and are transforming health in their communities. 90% of them would never have left home at all if it weren’t for a scholarship to study medicine in Cuba and a commitment to go back to places like the ones they’d come from — remote farmlands, mountains, ghettos — to become doctors for people like themselves, to walk the walk.

0:46 Havana’s Latin American Medical School: It’s the largest medical school in the world, graduating 23,000 young doctors since its first class of 2005, with nearly 10,000 more in the pipeline.

Its mission, to train physicians for the people who need them the most: the over one billion who have never seen a doctor, the people who live and die under every poverty line ever invented.

Its students defy all norms. They’re the school’s biggest risk and also its best bet. They’re recruited from the poorest, most broken places on our planet by a school that believes they can become not just the good but the excellent physicians their communities desperately need, that they will practice where most doctors don’t, in places not only poor but oftentimes dangerous, carrying venom antidotes in their backpacks or navigating neighborhoods riddled by drugs, gangs and bullets, their home ground.

The hope is that they will help transform access to care, the health picture in impoverished areas, and even the way medicine itself is learned and practiced, and that they will become pioneers in our global reach for universal health coverage, surely a tall order.

Two big storms and this notion of “walk the walk prompted creation of ELAM back in 1998. The Hurricanes Georges and Mitch had ripped through the Caribbean and Central America, leaving 30,000 dead and two and a half million homeless.

Hundreds of Cuban doctors volunteered for disaster response, but when they got there, they found a bigger disaster: whole communities with no healthcare, doors bolted shut on rural hospitals for lack of staff, and just too many babies dying before their first birthday.

What would happen when these Cuban doctors left? New doctors were needed to make care sustainable, but where would they come from? Where would they train?

How Cuba is training the kind of doctors who local patients need:|By Gail Reed

In Havana, the campus of a former naval academy was turned over to the Cuban Health Ministry to become the Latin American Medical School, ELAM. Tuition, room and board, and a small stipend were offered to hundreds of students from the countries hardest hit by the storms.

As a journalist in Havana, I watched the first 97 Nicaraguans arrive in March 1999, settling into dorms barely refurbished and helping their professors not only sweep out the classrooms but move in the desks and the chairs and the microscopes.

Over the next few years, governments throughout the Americas requested scholarships for their own students, and the Congressional Black Caucus asked for and received hundreds of scholarships for young people from the USA.

Today, among the 23,000 are graduates from 83 countries in the Americas, Africa and Asia, and enrollment has grown to 123 nations. More than half the students are young women.

They come from 100 ethnic groups, speak 50 different languages. WHO Director Margaret Chan said, “For once, if you are poor, female, or from an indigenous population, you have a distinct advantage, an ethic that makes this medical school unique.”

Luther Castillo comes from San Pedro de Tocamacho on the Atlantic coast of Honduras. There’s no running water, no electricity there, and to reach the village, you have to walk for hours or take your chances in a pickup truck like I did skirting the waves of the Atlantic. Luther was one of 40 Tocamacho children who started grammar school, the sons and daughters of a black indigenous people known as the Garífuna, 20 percent of the Honduran population.

The nearest healthcare was fatal miles away. Luther had to walk three hours every day to middle school. Only 17 made that trip. Only five went on to high school, and only one to university: Luther, to ELAM, among the first crop of Garífuna graduates. Just two Garífuna doctors had preceded them in all of Honduran history. Now there are 69, thanks to ELAM.

Big problems need big solutions, sparked by big ideas, imagination and audacity, but also solutions that work. ELAM’s faculty had no handy evidence base to guide them, so they learned the hard way, by doing and correcting course as they went.

Even the brightest students from these poor communities weren’t academically prepared for six years of medical training, so a bridging course was set up in sciences.

Then came language: these were Mapuche, Quechuas, Guaraní, Garífuna, indigenous peoples who learned Spanish as a second language, or Haitians who spoke Creole.

So Spanish became part of the pre-med curriculum. Even so, in Cuba, the music, the food, the smells, just about everything was different, so faculty became family, ELAM home. Religions ranged from indigenous beliefs to Yoruba, Muslim and Christian evangelical. Embracing diversity became a way of life.

Why have so many countries asked for these scholarships?

First, they just don’t have enough doctors, and where they do, their distribution is skewed against the poor, because our global health crisis is fed by a crisis in human resources.

We are short four to seven million health workers just to meet basic needs, and the problem is everywhere. Doctors are concentrated in the cities, where only half the world’s people live, and within cities, not in the shantytowns or South L.A.

Here in the United States, where we have healthcare reform, we don’t have the professionals we need. By 2020, we will be short 45,000 primary care physicians. And we’re also part of the problem. The United States is the number one importer of doctors from developing countries.

The second reasons students flock to Cuba is the island’s own health report card, relying on strong primary care. A commission from The Lancet rates Cuba among the best performing middle-income countries in health.

Save the Children ranks Cuba the best country in Latin America to become a mother. Cuba has similar life expectancy and lower infant mortality than the United States, with fewer disparities, while spending per person one 20th of what we do on health here in the USA.

Academically, ELAM is tough, but 80 percent of its students graduate. The subjects are familiar — basic and clinical sciences — but there are major differences.

First, training has moved out of the ivory tower and into clinic classrooms and neighborhoods, the kinds of places most of these grads will practice. Sure, they have lectures and hospital rotations too, but community-based learning starts on day one.

Second, students treat the whole patient, mind and body, in the context of their families, their communities and their culture.

Third, they learn public health: to assess their patients’ drinking water, housing, social and economic conditions. Fourth, they are taught that a good patient interview and a thorough clinical exam provide most of the clues for diagnosis, saving costly technology for confirmation.

And fifth, they’re taught over and over again the importance of prevention, especially as chronic diseases cripple health systems worldwide.

Such an in-service learning also comes with a team approach, as much how to work in teams as how to lead them, with a dose of humility. Upon graduation, these doctors share their knowledge with nurse’s aids, midwives, community health workers, to help them become better at what they do, not to replace them, to work with shamans and traditional healers.

ELAM’s graduates: Are they proving this audacious experiment right? Dozens of projects give us an inkling of what they’re capable of doing.

Take the Garífuna grads. They not only went to work back home, but they organized their communities to build Honduras’ first indigenous hospital. With an architect’s help, residents literally raised it from the ground up.

The first patients walked through the doors in December 2007, and since then, the hospital has received nearly one million patient visits. And government is paying attention, upholding the hospital as a model of rural public health for Honduras.

 ELAM’s graduates are smart, strong and also dedicated. Haiti, January 2010. The pain. People buried under 30 million tons of rubble. Overwhelming. 340  Cuban doctors were already on the ground long term. More were on their way. Many more were needed.

At ELAM, students worked round the clock to contact 2,000 graduates. As a result, hundreds arrived in Haiti, 27 countries’ worth, from Mali in the Sahara to St. Lucia, Bolivia, Chile and the USA. They spoke easily to each other in Spanish and listened to their patients in Creole thanks to Haitian medical students flown in from ELAM in Cuba. Many stayed for months, even through the cholera epidemic.

Hundreds of Haitian graduates had to pick up the pieces, overcome their own heartbreak, and then pick up the burden of building a new public health system for Haiti. Today, with aid of organizations and governments from Norway to Cuba to Brazil, dozens of new health centers have been built, staffed, and in 35 cases, headed by ELAM graduates.

Yet the Haitian story also illustrates some of the bigger problems faced in many countries. Take a look: 748 Haitian graduates by 2012, when cholera struck, nearly half working in the public health sector but one quarter unemployed, and 110 had left Haiti altogether.

So in the best case scenarios, these graduates are staffing and thus strengthening public health systems, where often they’re the only doctors around. In the worst cases, there are simply not enough jobs in the public health sector, where most poor people are treated, not enough political will, not enough resources, not enough anything — just too many patients with no care.

The grads face pressure from their families too, desperate to make ends meet, so when there are no public sector jobs, these new MDs decamp into private practice, or go abroad to send money home.

Worst of all, in some countries, medical societies influence accreditation bodies not to honor the ELAM degree, fearful these grads will take their jobs or reduce their patient loads and income.

It’s not a question of competencies. Here in the USA, the California Medical Board accredited the school after rigorous inspection, and the new physicians are making good on Cuba’s big bet, passing their boards and accepted into highly respected residencies from New York to Chicago to New Mexico.

Two hundred strong, they’re coming back to the United States energized, and also dissatisfied. As one grad put it, in Cuba, “We are trained to provide quality care with minimal resources, so when I see all the resources we have here, and you tell me that’s not possible, I know it’s not true. Not only have I seen it work, I’ve done the work.”

14:57 ELAM’s graduates, some from right here in D.C. and Baltimore, have come from the poorest of the poor to offer health, education and a voice to their communities. They’ve done the heavy lifting.

Now we need to do our part to support the 23,000 and counting, All of us — foundations, residency directors, press, entrepreneurs, policymakers, people — need to step up. We need to do much more globally to give these new doctors the opportunity to prove their mettle.

They need to be able to take their countries’ licensing exams. They need jobs in the public health sector or in nonprofit health centers to put their training and commitment to work. They need the chance to be the doctors their patients need.

15:57 To move forward, we may have to find our way back to that pediatrician who would knock on my family’s door on the South Side of Chicago when I was a kid, who made house calls, who was a public servant.

These aren’t such new ideas of what medicine should be. What’s new is the scaling up and the faces of the doctors themselves: an ELAM graduate is more likely to be a she than a he; In the Amazon, Peru or Guatemala, an indigenous doctor; in the USA, a doctor of color who speaks fluent Spanish. She is well trained, can be counted on, and shares the face and culture of her patients, and she deserves our support surely, because whether by subway, mule, or canoe, she is teaching us to walk the walk.

Can’t control what our intelligent machines are learning: Once they learned?

We’re asking questions to computation that have no single right answers, that are subjective and open-ended and value-laden

Machines that could just be reflecting our biases, and these systems could be picking up on our biases and amplifying them and showing them back to us, while we’re telling ourselves, “We’re just doing objective, neutral computation.”

Machine intelligence is here, and we’re already using it to make subjective decisions. But the complex way AI grows and improves makes it hard to understand and even harder to control.

Zeynep Tufekci explains how intelligent machines can fail in ways that don’t fit human error patterns — and in ways we won’t expect or be prepared for. “We cannot outsource our responsibilities to machines,” she says. “We must hold on ever tighter to human values and human ethics.”

Zeynep Tufekci. Techno-sociologist. She asks big questions about our societies and our lives, as both algorithms and digital connectivity spread. Full bio
Filmed June 2016

I started my first job as a computer programmer in my very first year of college — basically, as a teenager.

0:19 Soon after I started working, writing software in a company, a manager who worked at the company came down to where I was, and he whispered to me, “Can he tell if I’m lying?” There was nobody else in the room.

“Can who tell if you’re lying? And why are we whispering?”

The manager pointed at the computer in the room. “Can he tell if I’m lying?” Well, that manager was having an affair with the receptionist.

And I was still a teenager. So I whisper-shouted back to him, Yes, the computer can tell if you’re lying.”

I laughed, but actually, the laugh’s on me. Nowadays, there are computational systems that can suss out emotional states and even lying from processing human faces. Advertisers and even governments are very interested.

I had become a computer programmer because I was one of those kids crazy about math and science.

But somewhere along the line I’d learned about nuclear weapons, and I’d gotten really concerned with the ethics of science. I was troubled.

Because of family circumstances, I also needed to start working as soon as possible. So I thought to myself, hey, let me pick a technical field where I can get a job easily and where I don’t have to deal with any troublesome questions of ethics. So I picked computers.

Patsy Z shared this link. TED. October 19 at 8:25pm ·

Using a computer program to decide which applicant to hire is a pretty terrible idea. Here’s why:|By Zeynep Tufekci

Well, ha, ha, ha! All the laughs are on me. Nowadays, computer scientists are building platforms that control what a billion people see every day. They’re developing cars that could decide who to run over. They’re even building machines, weapons, Drones that might kill human beings in war. It’s ethics all the way down.

2:18 Machine intelligence is here. We’re now using computation to make all sort of decisions, but also new kinds of decisions. We’re asking questions to computation that have no single right answers, that are subjective and open-ended and value-laden.

We’re asking questions like, “Who should the company hire?” “Which update from which friend should you be shown?” “Which convict is more likely to reoffend?” “Which news item or movie should be recommended to people?”

we’ve been using computers for a while, but this is different. This is a historical twist, because we cannot anchor computation for such subjective decisions the way we can anchor computation for flying airplanes, building bridges, going to the moon.

Are airplanes safer? Did the bridge sway and fall? There, we have agreed-upon, fairly clear benchmarks, and we have laws of nature to guide us. We have no such anchors and benchmarks for decisions in messy human affairs.

To make things more complicated, our software is getting more powerful, but it’s also getting less transparent and more complex.

Recently, in the past decade, complex algorithms have made great strides. They can recognize human faces. They can decipher handwriting. They can detect credit card fraud and block spam and they can translate between languages. They can detect tumors in medical imaging. They can beat humans in chess and Go.

Much of this progress comes from a method called “machine learning.” Machine learning is different than traditional programming, where you give the computer detailed, exact, painstaking instructions. It’s more like you take the system and you feed it lots of data, including unstructured data, like the kind we generate in our digital lives.

And the system learns by churning through this data. (Machine learning to apply specific statistical packages?) And also, crucially, these systems don’t operate under a single-answer logic. They don’t produce a simple answer; it’s more probabilistic: “This one is probably more like what you’re looking for.”

the upside is: this method is really powerful. The head of Google’s AI systems called it, the unreasonable effectiveness of data.” (Unreasonable if data are arranged or fed the wrong ways, and into statistical models that barely match human behavior)

The downside is, we don’t really understand what the system learned. In fact, that’s its power. This is less like giving instructions to a computer; it’s more like training a puppy-machine-creature we don’t really understand or control. So this is our problem.

It’s a problem when this artificial intelligence system gets things wrong. It’s also a problem when it gets things right, because we don’t even know which is which when it’s a subjective problem. We don’t know what this thing is thinking.

consider a hiring algorithm — a system used to hire people, using machine-learning systems. Such a system would have been trained on previous employees’ data and instructed to find and hire people like the existing high performers in the company. (And the idiosyncrasies among cultures?)

Sounds good. I once attended a conference that brought together human resources managers and executives, high-level people, using such systems in hiring. They were super excited. They thought that this would make hiring more objective, less biased, and give women and minorities a better shot against biased human managers.

And look — human hiring is biased. I know. I mean, in one of my early jobs as a programmer, my immediate manager would sometimes come down to where I was really early in the morning or really late in the afternoon, and she’d say, “Zeynep, let’s go to lunch!” I’d be puzzled by the weird timing. It’s 4pm. Lunch?

I was broke, so free lunch. I always went. I later realized what was happening. My immediate managers had not confessed to their higher-ups that the programmer they hired for a serious job was a teen girl who wore jeans and sneakers to work. I was doing a good job, I just looked wrong and was the wrong age and gender.

So hiring in a gender- and race-blind way certainly sounds good to me. But with these systems, it is more complicated, and here’s why: Currently, computational systems can infer all sorts of things about you from your digital crumbs, even if you have not disclosed those things.

They can infer your sexual orientation, your personality traits, your political leanings. They have predictive power with high levels of accuracy. Remember — for things you haven’t even disclosed. This is inference. (or interference in personal rights)

I have a friend who developed such computational systems to predict the likelihood of clinical or postpartum depression from social media data. The results are impressive. Her system can predict the likelihood of depression months before the onset of any symptoms — months before.

No symptoms, there’s prediction. She hopes it will be used for early intervention. Great! But now put this in the context of hiring.

at this human resources managers conference, I approached a high-level manager in a very large company, and I said to her, “Look, what if, unbeknownst to you, your system is weeding out people with high future likelihood of depression? They’re not depressed now, just maybe in the future, more likely. What if it’s weeding out women more likely to be pregnant in the next year or two but aren’t pregnant now? What if it’s hiring aggressive people because that’s your workplace culture?” You can’t tell this by looking at gender breakdowns.

Those may be balanced. And since this is machine learning, not traditional coding, there is no variable there labeled “higher risk of depression,” “higher risk of pregnancy,” “aggressive guy scale.” Not only do you not know what your system is selecting on, you don’t even know where to begin to look. It’s a black box. It has predictive power, but you don’t understand it.

“What safeguards,” I asked, “do you have to make sure that your black box isn’t doing something shady?” She looked at me as if I had just stepped on 10 puppy tails.

She stared at me and she said, “I don’t want to hear another word about this.” And she turned around and walked away. Mind you — she wasn’t rude. It was clear: what I don’t know isn’t my problem, go away, death stare.

such a system may even be less biased than human managers in some ways. And it could make monetary sense. But it could also lead to a steady but stealthy shutting out of the job market of people with higher risk of depression. Is this the kind of society we want to build, without even knowing we’ve done this, because we turned decision-making to machines we don’t totally understand?

Another problem is this: these systems are often trained on data generated by our actions, human imprints. Well, they could just be reflecting our biases, and these systems could be picking up on our biases and amplifying them and showing them back to us, while we’re telling ourselves, “We’re just doing objective, neutral computation.”

Researchers found that on Google, women are less likely than men to be shown job ads for high-paying jobs. And searching for African-American names is more likely to bring up ads suggesting criminal history, even when there is none. Such hidden biases and black-box algorithms that researchers uncover sometimes but sometimes we don’t know, can have life-altering consequences.

In Wisconsin, a defendant was sentenced to six years in prison for evading the police. You may not know this, but algorithms are increasingly used in parole and sentencing decisions. He wanted to know: How is this score calculated? It’s a commercial black box.

The company refused to have its algorithm be challenged in open court. But ProPublica, an investigative nonprofit, audited that very algorithm with what public data they could find, and found that its outcomes were biased and its predictive power was dismal, barely better than chance, and it was wrongly labeling black defendants as future criminals at twice the rate of white defendants.

consider this case: This woman was late picking up her godsister from a school in Broward County, Florida, running down the street with a friend of hers. They spotted an unlocked kid’s bike and a scooter on a porch and foolishly jumped on it. As they were speeding off, a woman came out and said, “Hey! That’s my kid’s bike!” They dropped it, they walked away, but they were arrested.

She was wrong, she was foolish, but she was also just 18. She had a couple of juvenile misdemeanours. Meanwhile, that man had been arrested for shoplifting in Home Depot — 85 dollars’ worth of stuff, a similar petty crime. But he had two prior armed robbery convictions.

But the algorithm scored her as high risk, and not him. Two years later, ProPublica found that she had not reoffended. It was just hard to get a job for her with her record. He, on the other hand, did reoffend and is now serving an eight-year prison term for a later crime. Clearly, we need to audit our black boxes and not have them have this kind of unchecked power.

Audits are great and important, but they don’t solve all our problems. Take Facebook’s powerful news feed algorithm — you know, the one that ranks everything and decides what to show you from all the friends and pages you follow. Should you be shown another baby picture?

A sullen note from an acquaintance? An important but difficult news item? There’s no right answer. Facebook optimizes for engagement on the site: likes, shares, comments.

 In August of 2014, protests broke out in Ferguson, Missouri, after the killing of an African-American teenager by a white police officer, under murky circumstances. The news of the protests was all over my algorithmically unfiltered Twitter feed, but nowhere on my Facebook. Was it my Facebook friends?

I disabled Facebook’s algorithm, which is hard because Facebook keeps wanting to make you come under the algorithm’s control, and saw that my friends were talking about it. It’s just that the algorithm wasn’t showing it to me. I researched this and found this was a widespread problem.

The story of Ferguson wasn’t algorithm-friendly. It’s not “likable.” Who’s going to click on “like?” It’s not even easy to comment on. Without likes and comments, the algorithm was likely showing it to even fewer people, so we didn’t get to see this.

Instead, that week, Facebook’s algorithm highlighted this, which is the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge. Worthy cause; dump ice water, donate to charity, fine. But it was super algorithm-friendly. The machine made this decision for us. A very important but difficult conversation might have been smothered, had Facebook been the only channel.

finally, these systems can also be wrong in ways that don’t resemble human systems. Do you guys remember Watson, IBM’s machine-intelligence system that wiped the floor with human contestants on Jeopardy? It was a great player.

But then, for Final Jeopardy, Watson was asked this question: “Its largest airport is named for a World War II hero, its second-largest for a World War II battle.”

14:58 (Hums Final Jeopardy music)

Chicago. The two humans got it right. Watson, on the other hand, answered “Toronto” — for a US city category! The impressive system also made an error that a human would never make, a second-grader wouldn’t make.

Our machine intelligence can fail in ways that don’t fit error patterns of humans, in ways we won’t expect and be prepared for. It’d be lousy not to get a job one is qualified for, but it would triple suck if it was because of stack overflow in some subroutine.

In May of 2010, a flash crash on Wall Street fueled by a feedback loop in Wall Street’s “sell” algorithm wiped a trillion dollars of value in 36 minutes. I don’t even want to think what “error” means in the context of lethal autonomous weapons.

yes, humans have always made biases. Decision makers and gatekeepers, in courts, in news, in war … they make mistakes; but that’s exactly my point. We cannot escape these difficult questions. We cannot outsource our responsibilities to machines.

Artificial intelligence does not give us a “Get out of ethics free” card.

 Data scientist Fred Benenson calls this math-washing. We need the opposite.

We need to cultivate algorithm suspicion, scrutiny and investigation.

We need to make sure we have algorithmic accountability, auditing and meaningful transparency.

We need to accept that bringing math and computation to messy, value-laden human affairs does not bring objectivity; rather, the complexity of human affairs invades the algorithms.

Yes, we can and we should use computation to help us make better decisions. But we have to own up to our moral responsibility to judgment, and use algorithms within that framework, not as a means to abdicate and outsource our responsibilities to one another as human to human.

17:24 Machine intelligence is here. That means we must hold on ever tighter to human values and human ethics.

Learning to navigate a bazar: Red Illusion of level 5

The final phase of living illusion

Nothing to sell. Desiring nothing to buy

The story came in a night dream, and I acted in a part of it in the dream, before I forced myself to wakefulness.

The Club/Pension/Center/Institution has all the amenities your heart desired in a green, clean and spacious environment.  You had a large studio that you could design and furnish, and a large balcony.

You could exercise in any game you wanted, especially those team games you were discarded in your previous life.

The Not so dangerous team games were encouraged such as ping pong (table tennis), badminton, Bache/boule/petanque, horse shoe throwing…

Basket ball, volley ball and soccer/rugby games were prohibited. Instead, the residents were provided with many corner basket hoops, soccer nets… to exercise your skills and dribbles by hands or feet. A trainer could also be hired to teach you a few tactics for passing balls with a couple other residents so that you feel encouraged to play on handling balls inside nets…

The basket was lower than standard in order not to hurt your shoulder. You couldn’t notice the difference: first, you get shorter by age, and second it’s easier to fool yourself that all is normal and standard in the institution.

The residents could go out of the premises, except during fixed schedules when they had to stay put in the Center. They had no personal cars and were prohibited to drive. Family members and recognized friends could fetch the resident for a journey out. These excursions became rare: the purpose of this incarceration was Not to invest any more time on the resident.

The resident could call on taxis, but with companies contracted out by the institution to report the whereabouts of the resident.

The many residents were not aware that they are very sick, not capable of living on their own or in a terminal phase. There were cures for a few ailments but you had to be able and ready to spend times in airports. You had to carry two suitcases, one full of money and the other one pretty light to spend a few weeks in hospitals around the world: submitting to various health protocols.

Residents wouldn’t know that they are in a acute health predicament until they connected and interacted with their companions. The trick is to let you tacitly recognize that you are one of the patients and need close care.

The nurses wore casual non-nursing white closes, except the standard customized white shoes/sandals, which discriminated them from the other employees.

Friday dinner was an occasion to display your latest attire acquisition.

These institutions were mostly funded by the State/city from a portion of the retirement check of the residents.

Two essential parts in that story:

  1. How the family managed to convince you that the center was in fact a better place to opt as residence.
  2. How you finally come to recognize that you are indeed in a health institution, for a long-term treatment.


I worked for over a year in a full-service retirement home. It was not a home, but a 10-story building close to downtown San Francisco. Elderly residents lived in small rooms and came down to the restaurant for 3 meals. Those residents very sick or faking to be, had their meals served in their rooms.

For about 6 months, the city dispatched a van with a driver to tour the residents around the city, sort of getting connected with the outside world. I took photos of the trip and wrote a story about the journey to be published in a monthly bulletin for prospecting clients and their families.

 The less fortunate residents of the retirement home had to use a common shower and WC facility at end of a long corridor. The carpet frequently didn’t look dignified.

A few functional residents dawned on them that they could rent an apartment and live on their own for much less, and in a nicer environment.

A few residents threw themselves off their windows and those who passed away were handled in the night.

The employees enjoyed shared rooms and 3 meals for working 14 hours a week. Any overtime was paid less than minimum wages. They handled all the functions such as cleaning rooms, washing, cooking, serving meals and manning the front desk

Many European students applied for this facility in summer time in order to visit California and the targeted touristic sites.




October 2016

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