Adonis Diaries

Archive for March 17th, 2020

Before the Corona spread into the western colonial powers: what were their ideological reasoning?

أليس مثيراً للصدمة , أن يتعامل بعض مقكري الغرب مع فيروس كورونا , كظاهرة فلسفية (وحتى كظاهرة غيبية) ,

كان لا بد منها لتفكيك الاستقطاب الايديولوجي , والاستقطاب الثقافي , والاستقطاب القبلي , في القرن الحادي والعشرين ؟

حين كتب فرنسيس فوكوياما مقالته الشهيرة “نهاية التاريخ والانسان الأخير” , في مجلة “ناشونال انترست” صيف 1989 , احتفى كثيرون في العالم بتلك “الرؤية الخلاقة” للزمن البشري . الايديولوجيا ماتت بموت الشيوعية . التاريخ ما لبث أن التحق بها .

هذه حقبة النيوليبرالية والعولمة . الأولوية لقيم السوق . التكنولوجيا فعلت فعلها في الانسان وفي الطبيعة . ردات الفعل كانت عاصفة على نظرية العالم السياسي الأميركي . يقظة القوميات , حتى ببعدها القبلي , ويقظة الأديان .

في منطقتنا حدث ذلك الشيء العجيب .

اسلام الكهوف , بالتأويل الدموي للنص , بدا وكأنه وضع الاسلام الحقيقي جانباً . ثمة من حاول تحويل الديانة الى ايديولوجيا , والايديولوجيا الى … مقبرة !
فوكوياما اعتذر .

التاريخ عاد الى الحلبة . هذا ما بدا جليّاً في آسيا الوسطى , والقوقاز , وصولاً الى البلقان . أيضاً , الايديولوجيا بالتكشيرة الخشبية . بالتوازي مع اتهام ايران بتسويق الاسلام الجنائزي , كانت نظريات أسامة بن لادن , وصولاً الى أبي بكر البغدادي , تذهب بالعدمية الى حدودها القصوى .

لنعد الى ما كتبه غلاة المحافظين في الولايات المتحدة , وسواء كانوا تلامذة ليو شتراوس أم تلامذة برنارد لويس .

غداة ظهور فيروس كورونا , ثم انتقاله , للتو , الى ايران , قالوا هذا عقاب كل من يحاول المس بـ”أميركا المقدسة” . هي “مملكة الله” باعتبارها تستضيف كل الأنواع , وكل الأجناس , وكل الحضارات , البشرية .

حيوان مجهري , لامرئي , غامض , يضرب التنين في القلب . هكذا تعود الصين , ويعود اقتصادها , عقوداً الى الوراء . أميركا سيدة القرن . توقعوا أن يتفكك النظام التيوقراطي في ايران . لاحظوا أن الجمهورية الاسلامية تعاني من هشاشة بنيوية مريعة في مواجهة الفيروس . روبرت كاغان سأل : “اذاً , لمن يعمل الغيب في هذهالحال ؟” .

في لبنان , وبغض النظر عن البدايات الملتبسة في المعالجة , ثمة من كان يعتبر أن الوباء يأتي من مكان واحد , ويفتك بفئة واحدة , أو بمنطقة واحدة ,

قبل أن يتبين أنه يأتي من أكثر من مكان , حتى من الدول التي تعتبر الأكثر رقياً , والأكثر تفاعلاً , مع ديناميات الحداثة .

كورونا غزا أميركا . للتو تلاشت الأسطورة . ستيف بانون , وكان كبير مستشاري البيت الأبيض , لاحظ أن رأس دونالد ترامب يكاد أن يسقط في أي لحظة , الا اذا تمكنت المختبرات الأميركية من صناعة اللقاح المضاد . آنذاك لا أحد يمكن أن يزحزحه من مكانه .

ولايات عزلت . جامعة هارفارد , الأولى في العالم , أقفلت أبوابها . أين هي , في هذه الحال تكنولوجيا … ما بعد الزمن ؟

بول كروغمان , الحائز جائزة نوبل في الاقتصاد , رفع صوته . دعا الى تدمير كل الترسانات البيولوجية , والجرثومية , وحتى النووية . قال بـ”الدخول أكثر فأكثر في الانسان” !

كلنا الآن داخل منازلنا (داخل جحورنا) . نخاف حتى من الهواء . هذا لا يمنع بعض الساسة عندنا من ممارسة هواية التفاهة . لو لم يكن الوباء قد استشرى عالمياً لكانت الطبقة السياسية حزمت حقائبها الى أمكنة آمنة . هم الآن مثل رعاياهم (ضحاياهم) في الزنزانة

كل اللبنانيين يتوحدون الآن في الخوف . تعالوا نبدل الميثاق الوطني , ووثيقة الطائف , بميثاق كورونا . هو الأكثر فاعلية , والأكثر شفافية , في الولوج الى العمق البشري .

الكورونا كظاهرة فلسفية . كروغمان قال “لندع من يخترع مضاداً للفيروس يقود العالم” . أميركا أم الصين ؟ لننتظر …

Imagined Masculinity”? A book review of Mai Ghoussoub and Emma Sinclair-Webb, published in 2007.

Note: Re-edit of an article posted in 2008 ““Imagined Masculinity”

Chapter One:

The kids, Moris Farhi and his friend Selim, used to accompany their Armenian servant Sofia to a Turkish bath called “Paradise”.

The manageress Teyze hanim (Lady Aunt) allowed the two kids to bath with the females because their testicles did not yet drop off.

The kids heard this chit chatting and started to continuously checking their testicles and wondering when they might drop off; they roamed the streets looking for any pairs of testicles in case theirs might drop off and attach the found ones.

The kids heard a lot of myths told by Gypsy kids about female genitals and breasts and would surreptitiously investigate the category of women in the “hammam” through seemingly closed eyes.

The kids would try to discriminate the temperament and emotional sexual performance of women according to the size of the aureole of the breast, the shape and elasticity of the labia and the size of the clitoris, sesame, or lentil, or chickpeas and whether the pubic hair is shaved daily (a status of riches) or occasionally.

Chapter 2: Hassan Daoud on moustaches.

It appears that in older times, village leaders instituted various styles of moustaches depending on ranks and nobility; whomever wore moustaches not adequate to his rank was forced to shave them. Thus, when a person used to leave a single hair from his moustaches as a guarantee for a loan, the lender would know the capacity of this fellow to repay his loan.

The Lebanese army used to, or still is, allocate a monthly stipend for soldiers with appropriate moustaches as large as for any additional child he had.  I can generate two plausible hypotheses for this practice in our army:

First hypothesis: Emir Majid Erslan was the defense minister most of his life since our independence and he wore these fine but ridiculous moustaches that circled upward and would swear on his moustaches; I guess he might have induced the army to encourage the officers and soldiers to carry these moustaches so that he would not be laughed at or mocked by the new generation of Lebanese.

The second hypothesis is that our army is a carbon copy of the French colonial army in structure. laws and behavior; I guess the republican French army held to the standards of the elite Napoleonic “grognards”, who were selected among the most hairy and awe-inspiring virility of their large moustaches, among other factors.

Now, why moustaches are no longer a la mode? Pick and choose one or several of these reason:

First, women don’t like moustaches because they rub roughly their skins, they send the implicit message that the man is not interested enough to beautify his looks to please them and insist on the virility value of moustaches, or because the upper lip would cease to look like the man version of pudendum when shaved;

Second reason: after our many defeats with Israel frequent pre-emptive wars we are no longer fond of imitating our valorous grandfathers. Well, may be after the Hezbollah victory we might experience a resurgence of the moustaches, hopefully left unkept and wild; or

Third reason: Nose mucus sometimes stick to moustaches along with food and other sticky materials and finger-pointing to these humiliating debris can destroy the resemblance of virility; or because the Mullahs, and religious men are no longer appetizing for the modern generations and they need to remove that visible aberration. Or because the modern sharp and safe razors, manual or electric, provided the adequate leverage for fashion alternatives.

Chapter on circumcision: The Tunisian Abdelwahab Bouhdiba wrote a chapter on circumcision.

Nothing in the Koran, what the Prophet Muhammad admonished, states anything related to the need to get circumcised or “khitan“; it is Muslims and not Islam that imposed circumcision to the conquered people who opted to join Islam.

Even in the 3,000 pages of the “Fatawa Hindiyya” or the 2,000 pages of “Ihya” of Al-Ghazali the act of circumcision was never accorded a compulsory duty, barely a “sunna” act or strongly recommended.

Al-Ghazali recommended that circumcision of boys must not be done a week after he was born as the Jew did but after the boy’s grew steady hair. The excision of girls was basically irrelevant and this act was demoted to at best a “makruma” or a pious act.

Clearly, circumcision is a tribal sign, a tattoo, for inclusion in the Muslim communities; like it is within the Jewish communities, although the Jew attached this act to the Torah in an attempt to create a tight tribal relationship.

In any case, circumcision has become the number one obligation among the Muslims and festivities of violence accompany these events.

The ceremony is an almost carbon copy to the ceremony of wedding and which could be interpreted as the preparation of the boy to matrimony, a few years earlier before the girl loses her virginity when the boy is married off.

The circumcision of a boy occurs when he is between 8 and 12 years old and the ceremony is accompanied by very loud noises to cover the crying and shouting of the victim.

The advantage of circumcision is to direct the boys away from lechery, and because the foreskin makes of the penis very sensitive and the wife would enjoy a longer copulation time when penis Not that sensitive which she usually needs and wants. Actually, getting a hard on becomes mostly an act of good imagination and a willingness to please the mate.

The author Abdu Khal wrote a section about his circumcision ceremony (brit milah in Hebrew or the cutting according to the covenant) in the early forties in South Saudi Arabia close to the borders with Yemen. Abdu was to go on pilgrimage to Mecca with his grandmother because his dad has died and he was the only male in the family; thus, he was to be circumcised first.

Abdu was to dance all the way to the open place of the “makhatina” podium for the cutting of his foreskin (orla in Hebrew), accompanied by the “zaghareeds” of the women and loud noises, then he was to stand erect, akimbo, hands on his hips and looking far in the distance; he was not to blink or swoon or flinch “takhabbab” otherwise he will bring shame to the whole family as long as he lives.

Abdu proved to be a man and asked the circumciser to cut another slice in honor of his uncle and then another slice in honor of his mother.

His mother carried him away promptly in fear that he would mutilate himself for the whole tribe.  Abdu suffered three gruesome months from infections to the wounds which festered and spread to his testicles and could have died.

The act of circumcision of the male boys (zhakar for male in both Arabic and Hebrew) seems to be a common ritual in nomadic tribes starting for hygiene reason and then taking on several structural and religious dimensions and interpretations like the prerequisite step toward learning.

The ancient Jews used to perform circumcision late and in mass ceremonies before they decided to have it the 8-day for the newly born for infection reason by observation

My personal hypothesis is that during the captivity in Babylon or other dire circumstances that prohibited mass celebrations this act was transformed and made more confined in secrecy early on.

Thus, a more public ceremony consisted on the cutting of the hair at the age of 3 when the boys are taught the Torah and the religious doctrines.

Since a woman should be kept close to her natural state and uncut, thus impure, then the boys should have something cut off, like pruning or grafting trees, so that they grow better, more knowledgeable and productive.

It appears that productivity is purely in terms of procreation since the male spend their life studying the religious doctrines and most of the work is done by the women, even earning the daily bread.

The haircutting ritual of Jewish boys at the age of three “halaka” as pronounced in Arabic was adopted from the Muslim rituals when families visited holy shrines; the Palestinian Jews (musta3rbim) spread this ritual which was primarily a Sephardic or Middle Eastern custom and the Kabala adopted it in the sixteenth century until it became widespread among the Jews in Israel.

Miron is a town near Safed where the shrine of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yohai is the target of the pilgrimage; the ear-locks are left intact and the rest of the head is shaved; time for the boys to start going to religious pre-schools “heyder”, wear the four-cornered undergarment, recite the Jewish statement of faith (Shema Yisrael) and accompany his father to the synagogue.

Theoretically, the boy who looked like a girl with curly hair now looks like his father “tsurat yehoudi“; the boy is now completely attached to his father, separated from the female sex, and oriented to acquiring the religious wisdom and knowledge.

It appears that during the early crusades in Medieval Europe the Jews were under pressure to convert to Christianity; the early indoctrination to Torah of the Jewish children was a counter response to inoculate the Jews from later pressures.

Note: More on other chapters in subsequent articles

 

 


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

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