Adonis Diaries

Archive for November 5th, 2021

New report charges Israel of progressively implementing an illegal apartheid regime by WAFA

RAMALLAH, Monday, November 1, 2021 (WAFA) –

Since the Nakba (Palestinian catastrophe of transferring 800,000 Palestinians from their villages in 1948)), Israel has progressively implemented an apartheid regime of discriminatory laws, policies and practices aimed at institutionalizing and normalizing its systematic subjugation, domination and exploitation of the Palestinian people on both sides of the Green Line, as well as Palestinian refugees and exiles abroad, said a new report.

This report was released today by the Ramallah-based Al-Haq human right organization, one of six Palestinian rights and civil society groups Israel recently outlawed.

The report, “Designated Shrinking Space: Israel’s Systematic Harassment Campaigns Against Al-Haq, are the Acts of an Illegal Apartheid Regime”, said that in order to maintain its apartheid system, Israel has pursued a policy of systematic persecution of Palestinian civil society organizations that confront its apartheid laws, policies and practices.

Such acts of persecution have included various forms of intimidation and institutionalized harassment ranging from death threats, arbitrary detention, torture and other ill-treatment, collective punishment, travel bans, residency revocation, deportation, and Government-led smear campaigns, in an effort to shrink Palestinian civil society space.

In a latest bid to discredit and undermine the work of Palestinian civil society organizations, on 19 October, the Israeli “Defense” Minister Benny Gantz issued a military order designating Al- Haq – Law in the Service of Man; Addameer Prisoner Support and Human Rights Association, Bisan Center for Research and Development, Defense for Children International-Palestine (DCI-P), the Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC) and the Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees (UPWC) as “terrorist organizations.”

The shrinking of the Palestinian civil society space to altogether discredit their image, efforts and initiatives, delegitimize and criminalize their actions, and cut their sources of funding, on both regional and international stages, is nothing new, but has been accelerating at a worrying pace over the last decade.

Israel governmental, para-governmental and affiliated entities have continued to orchestrate smear campaigns, threats and harassment measures against Palestinian organizations who promote a critical narrative, including of their own Palestinian leadership, and are involved in issues spanning from the Israeli occupation, annexation, apartheid and colonization of Palestinian lands, business and settlement activities, environmental and natural resources, political prisoners, asylum and refugees to accountability before the International Criminal Court (ICC).

The overall strategy of Israel, its government and affiliates, is premised on the institutionalization of its regime of laws, policies and practices aimed at delegitimizing Palestinian dissenting voices, isolating them from the international and regional arenas, and effectively cutting their funding sources, said Al-Haq.

Al-Haq’s work aims at supporting the Palestinian people’s struggle for freedom, justice and their right to self-determination, and has long been the preferred target of such attacks.

This brief provides an overview of past and recent attacks perpetrated by the Israeli government and its affiliates against Al-Haq, replacing them within the context of the shrinking space imposed on the Palestinian civil society as a whole.

The brief further analyzes such attack through the lens of international human rights and argues that the persecution of Palestinian human rights defenders and critical voices is a main tenet of the maintenance of its apartheid regime over the Palestinian people and their lands.

M.K.

Note: Administratively detained Palestinian Youths are fasting to death. One of them has already sustained 100 days of fasting

Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan tried to turn Eastern Mediterranean Sea a flashpoint

Tyler Rogoway

NOVEMBER 2, 2021

Eastern Mediterranean is a crossroads between continents. The complexity of the region and tensions between countries make the area a dangerous flashpoint.

All kind of destabilization and maritime issues monitored seem to be linked to one actor, the president of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Where is Eastern Mediterranean?

Eastern Mediterranean is a meeting point between Southeast Europe, Western Asia and Northeast Africa. Sometimes considered as the cradle of humanity, it is now composed of several countries: Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Egypt and Libya.

(This Sea was called the Phoenician Sea for 1000 years, where they established the first cities for trade implantations in all these countries, including Tunisia, France, Spain, Italy, Algeria and Morocco)

The region has been a crossroads for cultural, economic and political exchanges over millennia.

The geopolitical situation made this maritime region a flashpoint based on maritime issues and the disrespect of international law, agreement and convention.

A transit route for migrants and refugees

The civil war in Syria, started in 2011, has been a major change for countries relationships.

The flow of refugees, crossing Turkey to Greece through the Aegean Sea led to a European Union (EU)-Turkey joint action plan in 2015. The agreement was that every person arriving irregularly to the Greek Islands would be returned to Turkey. In exchange, EU would take one Syrian refugee from Turkey for every Syrian returned from Greece.

However, it became for the Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan a way to conduct a hybrid warfare against EU.

Turkish government threated several times the EU Member States to “open the gates” to migrants into Europe in case of disagreement (such as what is now observed in Belarus).

With the return of Talibans in Afghanistan, it is expected to have an increase of refugees trying to cross the sea through the Aegan route but also from Syria or Lebanon to Cyprus.

The last route is getting more and more used, especially because of the strong economic and social crisis hitting Lebanon after the dramatic explosion in the port in Beirut in 2020.

Oil and gas dispute

In the early 1970s, exploration discovered oil and gas fields in south of Cyprus. But the invasion of the island by Turkey in 1974 froze the possibility of exploitation.

Then, two large natural gas fields were discovered in the region: Leviathan in 2010 in Israel Economic Exclusive Zone (EEZ) and Zohr in 2015 in Egypt EEZ.

In 2018, tensions increased between Cyprus and Turkey when the Turkish foreign minister announced the intention to carry out gas exploration in Cyprus EEZ. Turkey sent several times exploration ship, such as RV Oruc reis, escorted by frigates creating huge concerns for EU, which Cyprus is a member States. In reaction, the European Council decided to suspend several negotiations.

Egypt, which had an agreement with Cyprus to exploit some of its gas fields, reduced also its relations with Turkey.

Arms trafficking from Turkey

The last factor of destabilization in Easter Mediterranean is the arm trafficking from Turkey to Libya.

Libya faced a civil war since 2011 and the United Nations Security Council voted the Resolution 1973 to impose an arms embargo over the country.

To enforce this resolution, mainly ineffective, the European Union launch in March 2020 the operation EUNAVFOR MED IRINI, using aerial, satellite and maritime assets.

In that framework, the EU linked the merchant vessel Cirkin, now re-named Guzel, to transport military material to Libya between May and June 2020.

According to the press agency Reuters, the ship was escorted by three Turkish vessels, preventing all cargo inspection.

In September 2020, EU imposed sanctions on the Turkish shipping company Avrasya Shipping accused of breaking the U.N. embargo on Libya. The president Erdogan never recognized to conduct this kind of operation.

Note 1: There are currently many flashpoints on oceans: The Hormuz Straight (Iran/Saudi Kingdom), the Sea of Yemen facing Eastern Africa, China claims to its water territorial zones in Taiwan, Viet Nam, Philippine, Japan.

And lately the fishing zone between France and England

Note 2: Lebanon knew of its vast Sea reserves in oil/gas for decades, but USA/Israel made it impossible its extraction


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

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