Adonis Diaries

Archive for January 2022

Nada Corbani Akl

Tiré de « Bribes biographiques »,

MES ANNEÉS À LA BIBLIOTHÈQUE NATIONALE DU LIBAN

Je commençais mon travail à la Bibliothèque Nationale du Liban en 2013 alors que je venais de terminer la publication du Livre d’Or du Centenaire de la Faculté de droit et des sciences politiques de l’USJ qui devait couronner le prestigieux évènement des Cent ans de la Faculté.

À cet époque, je fus sollicité par le Chef du projet de la Renaissance de la BN, Gérard Katcherian, pour contribuer au Comité de désherbage.

Je connaissais déjà Gerard à travers le père Maroun Atallah, ce pionnier du vivre ensemble, qui pour mener sa lutte s’était entouré de personnes engagées corps et âme pour leur pays.

Je ne savais pas que j’aurais à travailler avec une équipe chevronnée de professionnels, notre État nous ayant habitué à l’engagement de personnes ayant un support politique plutôt qu’une compétence pour un poste.

A cette époque, le fonds documentaire était logé dans un bâtiment du Port de Beyrouth et les équipes se préparaient à le réintégrer dans les nouveaux locaux réaménagés de l’ancienne Faculté de droit de l’Université libanaise dans le quartier de Sanayeh.

Quelle ne fut ma surprise de découvrir le premier jour une équipe de directeurs de bibliothèques qui avaient fait leurs preuves dans les plus grandes bibliothèques universitaires, Maud Stephan de l’UL ,Ahmad Taleb et Linda Sadaka, de l’AUB, auxquels je me suis jointe, tous aidés par de jeunes bibliothécaires diplômées de la Faculté d’information et de documentation de l’UL, dont Michèle Abi Aad, Abeer Bou Diab, Carole Joukhadar et tant d’autres.

Dans ce comité de désherbage il fallait l’avis des 4 experts pour décider si le document ayant subit l’agression du temps et de l’humidité devait être envoyé au pilon ou restauré pour retrouver sa place sur les rayons.

Quatre directeurs rompus au métier qui se penchent sur un livre rongé, examinent son histoire et évaluent sa valeur documentaire pour enfin décider de son sort…

C’était assez irréel dans un pays où le service public est malmené par les ingérences, les inaptitudes, les nominations par affiliation à un Zaïm plutôt que par compétence;

Mais c’était rassurant pour moi de constater qu’en dépit de la décrépitude qui sévissait dans le pays, la Bibliothèque Nationale, sous la houlette de son directeur, fonctionnait selon des normes et quelles normes!

Les ingérences n’allaient pas tarder à éclabousser ce patrimoine culturel lorsque le ministre effaça d’un trait l’arrêté désignant le Comité responsable du déplacement et de l’installation de la Bibliothèque vers ses nouveaux locaux dont je faisais partie, pour répondre aux sollicitations et ingérences habituelles dans nos institutions en désignant de nouveaux membres.

Le deuxième scandale fut l’inauguration factice de la Bibliothèque après la mise l’écart des professionnels qui l’avaient relevée des décombres et la nomination d’un directeur et d’une responsable qui ne répondaient à aucun critère de compétence pour ces postes.

Ma mission prit fin à cette époque et me poussa à dénoncer cet état dans un post Facebook daté de novembre 2018.

Note: I once visited this national Library while I was visiting Beirut and I spent an hour wandering and getting familiar with the location and reading a book. Sure, the physical restauration was clean and nice, including the bathrooms that are mostly neglected for the public use in most State institutions.

Only a small section in the ground floor was filled with books and the boxes of books and documents were “saved” in the basement, waiting for another “professional” teams to open them.

The USA punishes with extreme prejudice those who defeated it, after 2 decades of trying to control this country: Let them die those rascals of children, mothers, fathers… everyone of them.

This time around, there are No countries to welcome new refugees of a population seeking to flee all kinds of instability.

An excerpt from Avaaz:

The war, sweeping economic sanctions, and a devastating drought have created a crisis the World Food Program calls “Hell on Earth” — but it’s worse than that.

Unable to feed her family, one mother had to do the unthinkable: she sold her son to help feed her baby daughter. With $104 she bought some rice, oil, and flour. Now it’s all gone.

The UN is calling for massive humanitarian aid, but the response from governments is slow, and the need overwhelming.

First they lost their father… then their mother died. So the 8 kids were left to fend for themselves, alone in Afghanistan. Neighbours tried to help, but they were hungry, too.

The eight children starved to death. The youngest wasn’t even 2 years old.

Afghanistan is starving: 23 million people are on the edge of famine and one million children could die this winter. Some are barely surviving on nothing but dry flour.

Emergency food on a daily basis include the essential food items like flour, rice, lentils, oil, and salt

Courageous aid workers are doing all they can, but the scale of suffering is intensifying daily, and many are struggling to cope.

What the Afghans need urgently?:

  • Provide emergency foodwater, heating, hygiene kits and medical supplies;
  • Keep hospitals and maternity wards open by covering critical expenses;
  • Pay the salaries of doctors, nurses, community organisers and counsellors;
  • Fund projects focusing on livelihood support, cash transfers and drought mitigation;
  • Support organisations providing help to refugees and those displaced by the crisis. 

It all comes down to this: one million children could die in the coming months

From Mahmoud Kourjie on Fb in the group of Ziad Rahbany’s Quotes

In 1980, the play-write and director Ziad produced in theaters “A Long American Film” that describes the cases of 9 people in a mental hospital.

At that period, Lebanese were Not familiar with the expression “mental case” relevant to reactions to recurring brutality, violence, indignity, crimes against humanity…

During the civil war that lasted 13 years with dozens of foreign mercenary contingents battling it off, along side the various Lebanese military organizations, the expression “Have patience” it will all end up fine and pretty because we are “One cohesive society regardless of the 19 religious sects, totally autonomous from the central State” was the modus.

Nothing changed and the cataclysm of the Port of Beirut proved that our reactions are “very stable” in Not demanding to know who was behind this nuclear explosion… and avoiding to bring to trials all these political “leaders” who bankrupted Lebanon in all levels.

This resemble what La Motte said in “Raging Bull”: “If the referee waited another 30 seconds, Sugar Ray would have collapsed…(after sugar vicious blows to La Motta bare face)

Yes, Lebanese still claim that it was Not vanquished as long as he is standing and holding to rope for a hundred of years.

Mahmoud Kourjieh  

  · بدنا نطوّل بالنا: (We have to be very patient)

قراءة في “فيلم أميركي طويل” بعد 40 عامًا

زكي محفوض (Zaki Mahfouz)

مضى أربعون عامًا على مسرحية “فيلم أميركي طويل” لزياد الرحباني. وهي جمعت مجريات الحرب التي بدأت في 1975، وفاجأ تفاقمها واشتدادها اللبنانيين. كما نقلت وضعًا سياسيًا نفسيًا (كما جاء في مقدّمتها) زعمت أنه لم يتغيّر على مدى ثلاث سنوات (1978، 79، و80 في شهر تشرين الأول تحديدًا).

وبواسطة نماذج اجتماعية واقعية شكّلتها المستجدات، ظهّرت أيضًا ممارسات نظام – لم يكن رسخ بعد – ترمي إلى تأمين استمراريته من خلال إخضاع الشعب بـ “تعويده” على الصبر لتحمّل الضربات والاقتناع بحاله، وعلى الخوف من الانسلاخ عن الجماعة وإلّا ضاعت الهوية

وإلّا فسيظل “المواطن” في حالة قلق والتباس… وبمعنى أو بآخر، أن يبقى مريضًا معتلًا.

عودة سريعة إلى أحوالنا: في 10 أيلول كانت بيروت على موعد مع حريق كبير ثانٍ في المرفأ، ولم تكن مبالغة في تخيّل الذين كانوا قبالته، أجسادَهم مطوية على أطفالهم، يسدّون آذانهم بأكفّهم، يعدّون الثواني قبل أن تهتز بهم الأرض ويدوّي الانفجار.

وما بدا، في ذلك اليوم، أنه تعلّم الدرس من تجربة مأسوية حدثت قبل أسابيع قليلة – والأمر (أي تعلّم الدرس) نادر في ناحيتنا – أو ما بدا أنه أشبه بتمرين ناجح على النجاة، كان بالفعل استجابة بافلوفيّة (Pavlov reaction)بامتياز لإنذار خطر زائف.

بتنا، مثلما كنّا، مختلين نفسيًا.

وأمسى الشرط البافلوفي الجديد للشعور بالخوف هو “عمود دخان = انفجار نووي”، تقابله معادلة “لا تقرَب عامل التلحيم”، وهي نكتة درجت بعد أن “تبيّن بلا أدلة” (هذا بحد ذاته كوميديا سوداء) أن ذلك العامل تسبب بالانفجار والأهوال التي تلته…

ولا يزال تداول نكتة التلحيم مستمرًا مع استمرار اندلاع حرائق وحصول انفجارات بقيت أسبابها مجهولة أو ملتبسة.

والنكتة في لبنان رفيقة المأساة، تارةً تضخّم الأولى عواقب الثانية على النفس البشرية، وطورًا تخفّفها وتميّعها.

هكذا قاربَ زياد الرحباني شخصياتنا ونفسياتنا في مسرحيته “فيلم أميركي طويل” (1980) التي دارت أحداثها داخل مصحّة عقلية تقع في الضاحية الجنوبية قرب مطار بيروت. والقرب منه كان بهدف طوي الصفحة على مشهد في المسرحية أثناء هدير الطائرة وهي تمرّ فوقه.

في ذلك العام، بلغت حرب الـ 75 خمس سنوات كانت كفيلة بتمزيق رسالة التعايش “كلنا أخوة إسلام ومسيحيّي”،

بفعل مجازر وتطهير طائفي وارتهان علني إلى جهات خارجية شقيقة ومعادية ومعسكرات متناحرة حول الكوكب. وشكّل لنا ذلك صدمات متتالية فتحت جفوننا على وسعها وارتخت معها أشداقنا…

وسال لعابنا على “لعبة” الحرب والخوف والقتل والخطف والسرقة،

فضلًا عن النضال لنصرة القضايا. ولم ينسَ شطر منّا البحث عن التوازن العقلي بالبقاء على الحياد وتحمّل المهانة والذل… “بيييأمركن يا خيّي”،

خصوصًا عند حواجز الفصل أو نهايات المناطق.وسط تلك الأزمات، قدّم زياد الرحباني رابع مسرحياته “فيلم أميركي طويل”، وفيها ظهر تسعة “مجانين”،

على ما كان يوصف به الذين يدخلون المصحات العقلية حتى لو كان للعلاج من الإدمان.

عبارة “المريض النفسي” لم تكن دارجةً بعد. وحملت كل شخصية إلى المتفرّجين والمستمعين (عبر الكاسيت) أمراض مجتمعنا المستجدّة.

والحق أن الرحباني لم يستعن بعلوم النفس وعلمائه لكي يعالج عُقَدها. هي شخصيات أفرزتها الحرب، موجودة بكثرة في كل المناطق.

غير أن “جنون” كل منها حمل جزءّا من واقع الحال. والمفارقة هي أن تعبير “المجنون” عن مشكلته كان حقيقيًا ومنطقيًا، بينما طرح العاقل (الطبيب وطاقمه) لإعادة المعتلّ إلى حالة “طبيعية” كان يفوق قدرة البشر على تحمّلها.

ولعل في هذه المفارقة تكمن مثيرات الضحك لدى جمهور الفُرجة، علمًا أن هذا الأخير كان يضحك على مآسيه وأوجاعه ويسخر منها.

إنها قوة الواقع وعنفه معقودين على براعة مولّف أحداثه الدرامية في تظهير الأمراض المستعصية ثم مداواة أصحابها بالكي (صعقات الكهرباء) لكي يتوهّموا شفاءهم بالكذب على ذواته: “كلنا اخوة... كل عمرنا عايشين مع بعضنا إسلام ومسيحيّي”…”ما عليه، بالحرب بيصير في تجاوزات”

وكأن المطلوب من هؤلاء التسعة العودة إلى بيئاتهم المتقاتلة و”مواجهة الرشاش” بـ “قناعة اصطناعية”.ويمكن القول إن “فيلم أميركي طويل” كانت تصويرًا لعملية ترويض شعب على تقبل أوضاعه مهما تقلّبت وكيفما تغيّرت، وأن عليه أن ينهض من جديد مقتنعًا وراضيًا بواقعه الجديد.

والأهم أن يبقى “لبنانيًا فاردًا” يتصرّف بما تملي عليه “إشارات يتلقّاها من الأرض” تحول دون تفاهمه واتفاقه مع أترابه… وإلّا رحل مثل الأرمني زافين “عندو محل هون ومحل هونيك… ستيريو يعني وكتّر خيرِك ألله. بوف محل هون بوف محل هونيك… يخرب بيتِك ألله”…

لم يكمل علاجه. ذهب إلى كندا.

أربع مسائل مهمة أخرى طرحتها المسرحية، توقّعت استمرار عملية الترويض في الواقع ما بعد 1980، هي: الهوية والبحث عن الحقيقة والقلق وطول البال.

فهوس نزار تجلّى في محاولة كشف كيف انتهى الأمر، بعد كل النضالات، إلى وجود جميع الأطراف المتناحرة داخليًا وخارجيًا في خندق واحد: الحركة الوطنية مع الانعزاليين والرجعية العربية والإمبريالية والتقدّمية العالمية.

حاليًا يبدو أن الخندق الواحد يشهد تحولات وانشطارات لكنه لم يخلُ من وجود أطراف متناقضة ومتعارضة.كشف حقيقة ما يجري بالأدلة الدامغة وتفاصيلها شكّل عقدة عبد الأمير الذي تسرّبت المؤامرة وفرّت من كتابه العتيد ولم يستطع تحذير الجماهير من مغبّتها فبقيت صفحات الكتاب بيضاء.

وهي حال الغموض والالتباس التي تكتنف كل ما حصل بعد 1980. حال تفضي إلى تأزّم وتعقيد مثلما تفضي إلى تدوير زوايا.

قلق نزار من المصادفات القاتلة “إذا إجا حدا لهون ورشّنا”… “إذا أنا ماشي حد زلمة وقوّصه حدا ما بيعرف يصيب”… وافتراضات كثيرة على هذا المنوال تحققت، كانفجار 4 آب الأخير العصي حتى على المخيّلة،

لكن الحقيقة أن نزارات كثيرة وُلدوا ووُلِدن من بعده.

وأما رشيد الذي ضرب رجُلًا يمشي في الشارع لمجرّد أنه يتمسكن، فطلب منه الطبيب أن يهدأ ويطوّل باله، ليجيبّ بشراسة “ما بقا تقول طوّل بالك. ما بقا يطْوَل أكتر من هيك. ع كتر ما طُوِل صرت عم جرّه وراي“.

لعل منطق طول البال (ومنح الفرص للسلطة وأركانها) هو ما أخمد ثورة/حراك/غضبة “17 تشرين” وجعلنا نعلّق مشانق من دون رؤوس على رغم كل ما حصل ويحصل.

في فيلم “الثور الهائج” (1980 أيضًا) قدّم مارتن سكورسيزي، السيرة الخوتاء للملاكم الأميركي من أصل إيطالي، جايك لاموتا (مثّل دوره روبرت دينيرو). واستعرض فيه مبارياته الست مع خصمه اللدود شوغر راي روبنسون.

وفي الجولة الثالثة عشرة من المباراة الأخيرة، تمسّك لاموتا بالحبل وفتح وجهه أمام قبضتي شوغر راي الذي راح يكيل له لكمات سريعة وموجعة، ما اضطر الحَكَم إلى وقف المباراة وإعلان فوز شوغر راي، على رغم أن لاموتا لم يقع أرضًا.

بعد سنوات، علّق لاموتا على تلك الواقعة بالقول: “لو تأخّر الحكم 30 ثانية أخرى لانهار شوغر راي بفعل ضرباته لي”.

تاريخنا الذي وصفه زياد الرحباني أيضًا بأنه “ناطر كف من غيمة” (نزل السرور، 1974)، تاريخ هذا الشاطئ المشؤوم، إذا كثّفناه واستعرضنا اللكمات والصفعات التي تلقاها من غيره، منذ عهد الفينيقيين حتى الآن، يصبح كجايك لاموتا خاسرًا، يكابر في أنه لم يقع أرضًا.

ولبنان الحديث لا يحتاج أصلًا إلى لكمات لكي يخسر واقًفا أم جالسًا أم مبطوحًا،

يكفي فقط فكّ اللحام عن قطع هذا البازْل العاصي، التي رُكّبت منذ قرن، لكي يزول.

J’ai failli tourner dans un PORNO Japonais: je suis métissé béninois-japonais.

L’industrie du porno japonais est en crise, avec environ 10,000 actrices japonaises pour seulement 70 acteurs japonais.

Résultat, des étrangers au Japon sont souvent accostés dans la rue pour tourner dans des ‘films’ qui se révèlent être, le jour du tournage, pornographiques.

C’est la mésaventure qui est arrivée au youtubeur Rikyu, qui nous la raconte ici.

Par Rikyu de la chaîne Youtube les 2crazy les moines de la folie

Par Thiédel Sy

STORY TIME #2 de Rikyu :

  « J’ai failli tourner dans un PORNO Japonais »

Comme je l’ai déjà dit dans un autre article, je suis métissé béninois-japonais. Je suis donc communément ce que l’on appelle un blasian’ (et non un ‘chinoir’ comme beaucoup le disent).

C’est mon père qui est japonais et ma mère qui est béninoise.

Ils se sont rencontrés au Japon lorsque ma mère est parti faire ses études de langue de japonais là-bas ( faut dire que mon père avait les c******* d’aller draguer ma mère au Japon, à l’époque il n’y avait quasi aucun Noir au Japon et les Japonais sont très introvertis et timide de base !).

Malheureusement entre Béninois et Japonais c’est pas toujours facile, mes parents sont divorcés. Mon père est retourné vivre au Japon.

Il y à 1 an et demi je suis parti voir mon daron au Japon et j’en ai profité pour aller voir les quartiers que je kiffe autant: Harajuku et Shibuya (disons que c’est les quartiers branchés pour jeunes où niveau sape ils sont au taquet).

J’en ai profité pour m’acheter la masse de vestes, jeans etc…porno japonais

Le quartier de Shibuya à Tokyo.

En rentrant je me fais stopper par 2 Japonais qui me disent « Monsieur, vous avez un super style et vous êtes beau physiquement, ça vous intéresserait un rôle pour un film ? ».

Comme je n’étais de passage que de 2 semaines au Japon, je leur ai refusé au premier abord.

Ils ont enchaîné en me disant que le tournage ne prendrait qu’une après midi et que c’est bien payé.

Par curiosité je leur demande quel est le rôle et quel genre de film ça va être. Ils m’ont dit: « ne t’inquiète pas, t’auras un rôle important et ça va être un film qui va envoyer du lourd ! ».

Vu que je fais des vidéos youtube ça ne me dérangeait pas d’être devant une caméra et en tant que métisse béninois-japonais je m’étais dis que ça serait une bonne occasion pour ouvrir la porte à d’autre Noirs.

Ils ont pris mon numéro et m’ont donné rendez-vous dans 2 jours.porno japonais

Rikyu, c’est moi.

Deux jours plus tard, j’arrive au point de rendez-vous, un appartement assez luxueux vu de dehors. Je les appelle pour leur demander le digicode de la porte d’entrée. Une fois entré dans l’appartement, je vois qu’il y a juste un seul cameraman, producteur en question et une jeune Japonaise (physiquement elle faisait 15 ans).

Je leur demande les textes et un briefing.

Le gars me dit: « Tu va jouer le rôle du déménageur sexy qui vient aider une jeune femme sensible ». Je commence à me poser des question sur la nature de ce p***** de tournage.

Je questionne encore le producteur en lui disant à part aider la femme au déménagement je fais quoi ? Il me répond d’un ton moqueur: « Bah tu vas te déshabiller, montrer ce que tu as et faire ce que tu as à faire. »

A ce p***** de moment là j’ai compris que c’était un tournage style Jackie et Michel. Je me suis barré aussitôt en faisant un gros doigt au producteur.

porno japonais

Si vous faites un voyage au Japon méfiez vous, il a une crise dans l’ industrie du porno japonais, car y’a très peu d’acteurs pour un grand nombre d’actrice (en gros ils sont 70 acteurs japonais pour 10,000 actrices japonaises), et ils visent maintenant les étrangers en les accostant dans la rue en leur faisant croire à un vrai tournage de film !

Pour plus d’aventures de Rikyu, retrouvez-le sur sa chaîne Youtube Les 2crazy les moines de la folie!

If left to politicians and short-term multinational profit schemes?

Telescope reaches its final destination a million miles from Earth

By Ashley Strickland,

Jan. 24, 2022

(CNN)The James Webb Space Telescope has reached its final destination, almost a month after launch.

Since lifting off from French Guiana on December 25, the telescope has unfurled its tennis court-size sunshield and unfolded a massive gold mirror that will help it study the universe in new ways and peer inside the atmosphere of exoplanets.

The telescope’s point of observation is nearly a million miles away from Earth and beyond the moon itself. The space observatory experienced its final burn on Monday to enter this orbit called L2.

“Webb, welcome home!” said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson in a statement. “Congratulations to the team for all of their hard work ensuring Webb’s safe arrival at L2 today. We’re one step closer to uncovering the mysteries of the universe. And I can’t wait to see Webb’s first new views of the universe this summer!”

Although it doesn’t sound like it would take almost a month for the telescope to reach orbit, Webb is unique.

“Think about throwing a ball straight up in the air, as hard as you can; it starts out very fast, but slows down as gravity pulls it back towards Earth, eventually stopping at its peak and then returning to the ground,” said Karen Richon, Webb Flight Dynamics lead engineer at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, in a statement.

“Just like the ball, Webb is slowing down, and, if we allowed it, would eventually stop and fall back towards Earth.

“If the Ariane 5 rocket, which lifted Webb into space, had been going even a little bit faster, the telescope may have overshot the orbit and exposed its mirror and instruments to the sun if it had to slam on the brakes”.

The Ariane 5 targeted Webb so accurately that our first and most critical burn was smaller than we had to plan and design for, leaving more fuel for an extended mission,” Richon said.

A solar orbit that protects Webb from its heat

While the Hubble Space Telescope orbits Earth, Webb will actually orbit the sun.

Webb’s orbit will keep the telescope in line with Earth as our planet orbits the sun. This alignment protects the telescope from the heat released by the sun, Earth and even the moon.

It’s imperative that the telescope stays cool because it will observe the universe in infrared light and detect the faintest signals from objects in our distant universe.

Because infrared light can be detected as heat, the entire spacecraft needs to be shielded from bright sources of heat.

James Webb Space Telescope successfully unfolds its giant gold mirror in space

James Webb Space Telescope successfully unfolds its giant gold mirror in space

The spacecraft includes a 5-layer sunshield to protect Webb’s giant mirror and instruments from the sun’s blistering rays because they need to be kept at a very frigid negative 370 degrees Fahrenheit (negative 223 degrees Celsius) to operate.

The orbit is called the second sun-Earth Lagrange point, or L2. Lagrange points are named for Joseph-Louis Lagrange.

The 18th century mathematician solved the “three-body problem,” or stable configurations that allow three bodies to orbit one another while remaining in the same relative positions.

The 5 solutions to the three-body problem are the five Lagrange points, where the gravitational pull of two masses equals the force needed for a small object, or spacecraft, to move along with them.

“Utilizing thrust every three weeks or so from small rocket engines aboard Webb will keep it orbiting L2, looping around it in a halo orbit once every six months,” Richon said.

A grand view of the universe

The L2 point is ideal for Webb because the gravitational forces of the sun and Earth will basically ensure the spacecraft doesn’t have to use much thrust to stay in orbit. And it will allow the telescope to have an unimpeded view of the universe, unlike Hubble, which moves in and out of Earth’s shadow every 90 minutes.

This $10 billion space telescope will reveal the secrets of the universe

This $10 billion space telescope will reveal the secrets of the universe

The position of Webb also means continuous, stable communication is possible between teams on Earth and the space observatory using the Deep Space Network, composed of 3 massive antenna ground stations in Australia, Spain and California.

Now that Webb is in orbit, the spacecraft will spend the next five months calibrating its instruments. The first images captured by the observatory are expected this summer.

Les sublimes clichés lauréats du Nature Photographer Awards 2021

By Justine Mellado

24 janvier 2022

Rendez votre marque créative avec Creapills Lab. Découvrez nos solutions pour les entreprises en quête de créativité dans leur stratégie de communication & marketing. 

Depuis sa création en 2016, le concours international Nature Photographer Of The Year récompense les plus belles photographies célébrant la beauté de la nature.

Alors après plusieurs mois d’attente, l’organisation néerlandaise Nature Talks à l’initiative du projet vient finalement d’annoncer les grands gagnants de l’année 2021.

Comme chaque année, ce sont des milliers de photographes venus du monde entier qui se sont affrontés dans 13 catégories dont les oiseaux, la flore, les paysages sous-marins et plus encore.

À la clef de ce concours, le grand gagnant se voit remettre la somme de 3,000 euros ainsi que du matériel de photographie.

Pour cette sixième édition, c’est le photographe Terje Kolaas qui a remporté le premier prix grâce à son cliché de l’envolée hivernale de milliers d’oies à bec court, immortalisée dans la vallée de Trondheim en Norvège.

C’est en avril 2020 lors de la migration d’environ 80,000 oies entre le Danemark et les Pays-Bas qu’il est parvenu à capturer cet instant tout en combattant le blizzard et d’importantes chutes de neige.

Nous vous laissons découvrir les clichés lauréats, finalistes et hautement recommandés du Nature Photographer oh the Year 2021. Si vous souhaitez en savoir davantage sur le concours ou participer à sa prochaine édition qui se clôturera le 29 mai 2022, n’hésitez pas à vous rendre le site officiel.

Et dans un registre assez similaire, nous vous proposons de (re)voir les finalistes du concours de la photo animale la plus amusante de 2021.

Grand gagnant

1er prix et lauréat Catégorie Oiseaux – Terje Kolaas (Norvège)

Crédits : Terje Kolaas

Les clichés lauréats

Catégorie Mammifères – Josef Friedhuber (Autriche)

Crédits : Josef Friedhuber

Catégorie Autres animaux – Ruben Perez Novo (Espagne)

Crédits : Ruben Perez Novo

Catégorie Plantes et Champignons – Rupert Kogler (Autriche)

Crédits : Rupert Kogler

Catégorie Paysage – Denis Budkov (Russie)

Crédits : Denis Budkov

Catégorie Sous-marin – Georg Nies (Allemagne)

Crédits : Georg Nies

Catégorie Art Naturel – Gheorghe Popa (Roumanie)

Crédits : Gheorghe Popa

Catégorie Humain et Nature – Francisco Javier Murcia Requena (Espagne)

Crédits : Francisco Javier Murcia Requena

Catégorie Noir et blanc – Roie Galitz (Israël)

Crédits : Roie Galitz

Catégorie Portrait Animal – William Burrard-Lucas (Royaume-Uni)

Plus d’informations sur cette photo : cliquez ici

Crédits : William Burrard-Lucas

Catégorie Nature de “De Lage landen” – Andius Teijgeler (Pays-Bas)

Crédits : Andius Teijgeler

Catégorie Jeunesse – Levi Fitze (Suisse)

Crédits : Levi Fitze

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Categorie Portfolio Fred Hazelhoff – Lea Lee Inoue (USA)

Crédits : Lea Lee Inoue

Les clichés finalistes

Catégorie Oiseaux – Miquel Angel Artús Illana (Espagne)

Crédits : Miquel Angel Artús Illana

Catégorie Mammifères – Aare Udras (Estonie)

Crédits : Aare Udras

Catégorie Autres animaux – Ruben Perez Novo (Espagne)

Crédits : Ruben Perez Novo

Catégorie Plantes et Champignons – Audun Rikardsen (Norvège)

Crédits : Audun Rikardsen

Catégorie Paysage – Andrea Pozzi (Italie)

Crédits : Andrea Pozzi

Catégorie Sous-marin – Dmitry Kokh (Russie)

Crédits : Dmitry Kokh

Catégorie Art naturel – Juan Jesús González Ahumada (Espagne)

Crédits : Juan Jesús González Ahumada

Catégorie Humain et Nature – David Hup (Pays-Bas)

Crédits : David Hup

Catégorie Noir et blanc – Gheorghe Popa (Roumanie)

Crédits : Gheorghe Popa

Catégorie Portrait animal – Roie Galitz (Israël)

Crédits : Roie Galitz

Catégorie Nature de “De Lage landen” – Ronald Zimmerman (Pays-Bas)

Crédits : Ronald Zimmerman

Catégorie Jeunesse – Gergő Kártyás (Hongrie)

Crédits : Gergő Kártyás

Les clichés hautement recommandés

Catégorie Oiseaux – Christian Spencer (Autriche)

Crédits : Christian Spencer

Catégorie Mammifères – Paul Goldstein (Royaume-Uni)

Crédits : Paul Goldstein

Catégorie Autres animaux – Gahdekar Prathamesh (Inde)

Crédits : Gahdekar Prathamesh

Catégorie Plantes et Champignons – Uge Fuertes Sanz (Espagne)

Crédits : Uge Fuertes Sanz

Catégorie Paysages – Georg Kantioler (Italie)

Crédits : Georg Kantioler

Catégorie Sous-marin – Gaël Modrak (Russie)

Crédits : Gaël Modrak

Catégorie Art naturel – Jodi Frediani (USA)

Crédits : Jodi Frediani

Catégorie Humain et Nature – Földi László (Hongrie)

Crédits : Földi László

Catégorie Noir et blanc – Csaba Daróczi (Hongrie)

Crédits : Csaba Daróczi

Catégorie Portrait animal – Scott Portelli (Autriche)

Crédits : Scott Portelli

Catégorie Nature de “De Lage landen” – Richard Verroen (Pays-Bas)

Crédits : Richard Verroen

The EU maid it a point to attack and denigrate the Syrian people.

Since Syria snatched its independence from mandated France, France has always sided against the Syrian people. Almost all the French civil institutions work to badger the Syrian people at every event.

The other colonial powers never played fair with the Syrian people and they never criticized Apartheid Israel for its successive crimes against humanity.

And yet, no other “created State” in the Middle-East demonstrated, as Syria did, for such patriotism and steadfastness to its independence and integrity and self economic sufficiency.

Imad Tarraf posted:

المؤامرة .

….هل سمعتم بلاءات الاتحاد الاوربي الثلاثة تجاه دمشق ؟؟.

هذه هي المؤامرة لمن ينكر وجودها !

.كل مجازر اسرائيل بحق السوريين فلسطينيين ولبنانيين وشاميين لم تدفع لظهور لاء واحدة من الاتحاد الاوربي المسيحي المتصهين !

.كل مجازر الخليجيين بحق اليمنيين المستمرة لسنوات لم تدفع لظهور لاء واحدة من الاتحاد الاوربي المسيحي المتصهين !

.الاحتلال الاميركي للجزيرة السورية وسرقة ثروات الشعب السوري لم تدفع الاتحاد الاوربي المسيحي المتصهين لاصدار لاء واحده ضده !

.الاحتلال التركي للشمال السوري وسرقة معامل ومصانع حلب لم تدفع الاتحاد الاوربي المسيحي المتصهين لاصدار لاء واحده ضده !

.التدمير الحاصل الان لمدينة الحسكة السورية ودعم داعش الارهابية من قبل الاحتلال الاميركي لم تدفع الاتحاد الاوربي لاصدار لاء واحدة ضده !

.هذه هي المؤامرة …هل عرفتم ؟ هل فهمتم ؟.هل صدقتم ؟ . هل شاهدتم بام اعينكم ؟

.جهنم وبأس المصير لمن لا يقتنع بالمؤامرة التي جوعت شعوبا ومنها شعبنا السوري كرمى لعيون اليهود

\.عماد طراف

4You and 3 others

Israeli forces storm house in occupied East Jerusalem neighbourhood, arresting several inhabitants, including the father Mahmoud Salhiya, violently arresting and assaulting family members, before emptying the house and demolishing home

By Huthifa FayyadNadda Osman

 19 January 2022

At around 3am local time, a large number of police units, including counterterrorism and riot police forces with bulldozers, stormed the Salhiya house. 

A member of the Israeli forces stands by the ruins of the demolished Salhiya house in Sheikh Jarrah on 19 January 2022 (AFP)

Yasmin Salhiya, resident of the house and daughter of the owner Mahmoud Salhiya, told Middle East Eye the large Israeli force cut off the electricity supply to the house as they raided it, and started firing teargas, blocking everyone’s vision. Mohamed Salhiya’s fight to save his family home

Read More »

Yasmin said officers then assaulted the family and arrested 5 of them, including Mahmoud.

Around 22 supporters who were camping inside the property in solidarity with the family were also assaulted and detained.

“My father was asleep when they took him. They didn’t let him put a jacket or shoes on,” Yasmin, 19, told MEE. 

“They separated everyone that was there and started beating the young men before detaining them in the jeeps and taking them away.” 

Among those assaulted were Yasmin’s 9-year-old sister Ayah and their aunt. 

“They shoved Ayah and assaulted her father, her brothers and her aunt right in front of her. She is distraught,” Yasmin said. 

After emptying the houses, Israeli forces started firing rubber bullets at journalists and supporters who were outside the house and prevented ambulances from accessing the site, Yasmin said. 

Bulldozers finished the demolition three hours later, leaving the house in ruins and the family’s possessions scattered on the ground. 

إثر هدمه من قبل جرافات الاحتلال بعد منتصف الليل #عائله_صالحيه_تستغيث#انقذوا_حي_الشيخ_جراح#SaveSheikhJarrah

How the blockchain is revolutionizing digital chess

Illustration credit: Peter Greenwood

It’s been referred to as the “Queen’s Gambit effect”: in the aftermath of the breakout success of the October 2020 Netflix show about fictional, struggling chess grandmaster Beth Harmon, the game of chess went through its very own moment of global momentum.

One US toy company reported that its sales of chess sets had soared by 1,048%.

Another analysis has found that, in the four months following the series’ debut in the UK, the number of people joining popular chess-playing websites grew exponentially (Do they know what exponentially means?

Similar effects were observed in other countries.

Trending TV shows aside, furlough-induced free time and stay-at-home lockdown orders brought about by the global pandemic were almost certainly factors in increasing numbers of people ordering new sets, or dusting off their old chess boards – physical or digital – and pushing the pieces.

Chess games started flooding the internet: on game live-streaming platform Twitch, chess streams became ubiquitous and professional chess player Hikaru Nakamura quickly raked in 1.3 million followers.

Rather than gawping at high-octane Battlefield missions, video-game fans were enthralled by French defenses and flawless four-move checkmates.

It is no big surprise that chess has gone digital, explains Ilya Merenzon, CEO of World Chess, which has organized several World Chess Championships, and runs the International Chess Federation’s exclusive online gaming platform FIDE Online Arena.

Chess was the first ever computer game in the world,”

Already in the 1950s, British computer science pioneer Alan Turing had been hard at work to create a chess-playing program; go back further in time, and you’ll find that Charles Babbage was toying with the idea of building a “machine that should be able to play a game of purely intellectual skill successfully such as… chess” in the 1860s.

But the scale of chess’s current digitisation is staggering: Merenzon says that the ratio of physical versus digital chess players today “could be as much as one to 100,000.”

Even more compelling to witness has been the emergence of a specific aspect of the nexus between chess and the digital world: the growing overlap between chess fans and cryptocurrency evangelists.

Rising-star chess grandmasters such as Alexandra Botez, have made no mystery of their fondness for cryptocurrency technology; Botez herself played – and won – a much-hyped Twitch-streamed chess game against Vitalik Buterin, the inventor of the Ethereum cryptocurrency network.

Chess tournaments have also been held where the prizes were denominated and paid in cryptocurrency.

“We see a very high overlap between computer scientists and people who like computer science and cryptography and chess players,” says Sean Ford, COO of blockchain technology company Algorand.

“There is a way of thinking about people who become very strong at chess – they think through not just the first move, but the interrelationship between that move and all future moves – and when you look at cryptography and cryptocurrency, you find that the people who build really good tech in the blockchain space and innovation in the blockchain space, they’ll have a similar way of thinking.”

But the relationship between cryptocurrency and chess could soon go beyond being a curious happenstance.

The digitisation of the game of chess is an exciting opportunity, but also a challenge, in that it dramatically expands the number of players around the world – players whom international chess organisations want to cater to, engage with and bring into the fold of professionals in some cases.

But how to do that quickly, efficiently and securely? It turns out that crypto – and crypto’s backbone, the blockchain, might have the answer.

Building Blocks

To understand the opportunity, we need to first understand the blockchain and its relationship to cryptocurrency.

Cryptocurrency can be thought of as a system to exchange digital units of value – files representing a currency, or any other desirable item – in a decentralised fashion that does not rely on a single intermediary.

In its purest incarnation, as laid down by pseudonymous inventor Satoshi Nakamoto in his 2008 Bitcoin “white paper”, the intermediaries to be cut out are banks and central banks, and the cryptocurrency is intended to serve as stateless, quasi-anonymous, digital money.

In order to pull that decentralised act off, Nakamoto used something called a “blockchain”.

A blockchain is, at its core, a ledger: a list of all transactions ever made in a certain cryptocurrency, collectively maintained by a swarm of independent computers.

On the Bitcoin blockchain, these computers validate “blocks” of several transactions through an electricity-consuming process called “mining”, which requires solving a complex mathematical problem; the first “miner” to crack that problem gets to approve the transaction block, alongside a reward in bitcoin.

This basic structure – which has been adopted by innumerable other blockchain projects with different variations – is designed to ensure the ledger’s security and immutability.

In order to change a past transaction, indeed, a rogue miner would have to rewrite several blocks, and this process is so costly in terms of computing power and energy consumption that any wannabe criminal would be better off just by playing by the rules and bagging their mining rewards.But the blockchain is not without issues: mining-based blockchains – such as Bitcoin or Ethereum – have been criticised for their wasteful energy consumption, and for the relatively low speed at which transactions are approved

Nevertheless, since its 2008 debut, blockchain technology has inspired creators and technologies across a huge variety of domains.

The same structure that can be used to exchange Bitcoins can be leveraged to execute all kinds of transactions without relying on a third-party validator.

A blockchain can be used, for instance, as a decentralised database for proving ownership: a “coin” or “token” can be minted that acts as the stand-in for a real-word asset or property, and whoever holds it in their cryptocurrency “wallet” can use that as a title deed.

More recently, that concept has been expanded to reinvent the concept of fandom and collecting.

Some blockchains, in fact, allow individuals to create unique crypto-assets called non-fungible tokens, or NFTs, associated with a certain work of art or collectibles.

While the most headline-grabbing instance of NFT sales has been associated with the field of digital art – with visual artist Beeple bagging over $69m in a Christie’s auction for an NFT associated with his work “Everydays: The First 5000 Days” – the impact of this technology on sports has grown increasingly significant.

Several athletes, sports teams and sports federations – including Wimbledon champion Andy Murray, Italian football team Juventus and the NBA – have started minting and auctioning NFTs representing special objects or even famous moments of historic games or matches.

“Sport is basically following the exact same trend as many other fields with blockchain assets or NFTs,” says Gauthier Zuppinger, co-founder of the NonFungible.com platform, which specialises in analysing NFT trends.

“It started from the most basic use case – which is basically to just own something.

But Zuppinger thinks that sports teams and organisations are gradually becoming more creative in terms of how blockchain technology and NFTs might be used to bring innovation to the sports themselves – and to the fan experience.

“The more complex thing is creating value,” he says. Now, because of a convergence of various circumstances, it turns out that chess might be uniquely positioned to leverage blockchain and create that value.

Blockchain enables secure recording and storing of player rankings

The Crypto Gambit

Chess players’ skills are gauged through a system called Elo rating, named after Hungarian-American physicist Arpad Elo, who invented it in the 1950s.

Elo ratings are akin to a transaction system: each chess player has a certain number of points defining their skill levels; in case of defeat, some points are docked and transferred to the winning rival, whereas in case of a victory, one’s Elo rating will be increased by absorbing some of the losing player’s points.

Elo ratings are important in that they are used to gain access to certain events, high profile matches and even the World Championship. Which is why, says World Chess’s Merenzon, the explosion of digital chess – exciting as it is – raises a big question: how to prove, keep track of, and keep secure the Elo ratings of chess players who play exclusively online?

“Fewer than 1% of players are considered professionals by the World Chess Federation, meaning that they play with a board so they have rankings; the rest play online. And we, as operators of the official online chess-gaming platform, had to come up with a way to not only record rankings, but also to store them, to give people access to them.”

“We figured that the best, most obvious way to do it is using blockchain.”

World Chess teamed up with blockchain platform Algorand, which devised a system for preserving official ratings and titles from ​​FIDE Online Arena on its blockchain.

“Whenever you need transparency and whenever you need data security – the first idea nowadays is blockchain. And Algorand offers a very, very comprehensive solution: fast, cheap and easy to build things upon,” World Chess chief operating officer, Matvey Shekhovtsov, explains.

Algorand blockchain’s decentralisation makes sure that there is no single organisation in charge of it, which increases security and transparency, Merenzon says.

In addition, this structure might allow for the system to be extended beyond the bounds of World Chess. “In the future, this will help us to accept other third-party platforms – other chess engines – into the system, so we can also upload their ranking data onto the blockchain,” he explains.

The choice of Algorand out of all the crypto-formats was quite deliberate.

Designed by MIT mathematician Silvio Micali, it is a blockchain that has deftly wielded game theory to overcome both the slowness and the unsustainable energy output required to mine, a major criticism of popular blockchains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum.

Instead of relying on mining, it uses a system called “pure proof of stake”, in which transactions are validated by a certain number of people who hold a certain quantity of Algorand’s cryptocurrency, ALGO.

These users are selected through a continual, randomised process, and can be cut off the network if they attempt to approve invalid transactions that run counter other validators’ consensus.

“It sounds like it would take a while, but this all happens in milliseconds,” says Algorand COO Sean Ford. The energy expenditure for running this procedure is negligible, and the platform is able to complete 1,000 transactions per second, compared to Bitcoin’s 4.6.

Ford, who – like Algorand’s creator Micali – is a chess fan, is thrilled about using Algorand to forge a new future for digital chess.

“The sport was in a place where it was looking to transform, to broaden its reach, to redefine itself in sort of a modern world and take advantage of the billions of people that play around the world,” he explains.

“And blockchain and Algorand offered a number of opportunities to bridge that physical-digital gap, and breathe new life into what is one of the oldest and most respected sports on the planet.”

Merenzon recounts that the reaction of the cryptocurrency community to this initiative has been very positive. “The crypto community reacted really, really well, following our partnership with Algorand, because it’s clear that with this partnership we have opened the floodgates for further crypto initiatives.”

And indeed, as the world prepares for the World Championship 2021, this might be only the start.

“Whenever you need transparency and whenever you need data security – the first idea nowadays is blockchain.”

Symbolic ownership of unique chess moves can be achieved through NFTs

Chess In The Metaverse

The natural next step for leveraging the relationship between chess and crypto is, of course, the creation of chess NFTs.

Merenzon says that conversations with Algorand about minting special chess-themed NFTs are already underway. Fans could be able to buy NFTs that are, for instance, associated with famous chess games or chess moves.

“Think about making an NFT of the final positions in games of great significance – for example, the Fischer v Spassky game,” Shekhovtsov says. “There were a lot of games that ended in such a way that you want to record this, you want to show this, and keep this. You want to be part of it, as a fan.” But the technology could be used to cater to players as well as fans, explains Merenzon. Someone might want to mint an NFT of a memorable game they won (or one they lost, if they are good sports) online, for example. Or high-profile chess teachers might mint NFTs – and establish some kind of symbolic ownership – of their signature moves and gambits. “There is no way to copyright moves. It’d be just like copyrighting the kicking of a ball. But you can visualise it and learn it, you can NFT a move,” Merenzon says. “You can do this, so finding ways to have ownership of a good move – not necessarily commercial ownership, but maybe some other kind.” Once one gets started, the opportunities are endless – from special blockchain programmes called smart contracts used as chess-training lessons, to playing entire chess games on the blockchain, with players sending each other moves via crypto transactions. “This is not the future, it’s actually the past”, Merenzon says, “this has actually happened: Silvio Micali was the first one to play an actual chess game that has been recorded on Algorand blockchain.” But in the long run, one of the most exciting scenarios for the evolution of digital chess concerns its role in what crypto-fans, sci-fi enthusiasts and VR-geeks alike call the “Metaverse”. This is an emerging concept describing a sprawling, always-online, interconnected galaxy of online and virtual worlds. Already touted by tech giants such as Facebook and Microsoft as the internet’s next level, and envisioned as the natural home for crypto’s decentralised communities by blockchain boffins, the Metaverse will certainly be chock-full of games. And chess – what with its sitting at the intersection of games, e-Sport and crypto – is uniquely poised to take the Metaverse by storm. Zuppinger points to Axie Infinity, an online video game that allows players to earn cryptocurrency tokens, as an example of what the Metaverse might shape up to be. “You can make crypto-money with this game, if you play well. So you see more and more people in developing countries, mostly in the Philippines, who are getting extremely good at that game – it’s a full-time job,” he says. “In the future, you could apply the exact same mechanism to chess. But there’s more than just play-to-earn: with chess, you can be trained. There are a lot of chess trainers. So you can imagine that someone who helped you get more skilled at chess will be paid for that, and will automatically get a percentage of your crypto earnings once you start winning.”

But the Metaverse’s real promise is that it could help chess players engage with their fans at unprecedented levels and in ways that are still unheard of. Those people who now just stare at grandmasters competing on Twitch will soon be able to wear their VR headsets and find themselves just inches away from the board in a wondrous virtual arena, side by side with thousands of fans. “Scalability is probably one big upside of the Metaverse. In a digital environment you can create many, many instances of the same thing,” explains Ryan Gill, co-founder of Metaverse company Crucible Network. He says that where a physical arena can, for example, accommodate maybe 20,000 chess fans, a Metaverse chess game can potentially be attended by millions. “There’s just a much higher scalability and much lower cost for the supply and value chain.” Merenzon is similarly optimistic. “I’m sure that the World Championship match will be played in the Metaverse shortly,” he says. Chess is one of the oldest games in human history, going on 1,500 years and counting. But thanks to its mathematical perfection and gripping nature, it has also been a perfect sandbox for technical innovation – from shams like the chess-playing Mechanical Turk to modern-day chess computer games. Now, as chess enters the crypto era and is bound for the Metaverse, one thing is clear – the future of chess is one that looks truly disruptive.

Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706. He is credited by many achievement and inventions and was one of the founding Fathers of the Revolution, and the first ambassador to France

At age 20, while contemplating what he needed to do to develop a good character, Benjamin Franklin created a list of 13 virtues and thereafter sought to practice them in his daily life. Almost 300 years later, they are still commendable.

1. Temperance. Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation. (Eat and drink moderately? I eat everything, in moderation and I cannot drink more than a glass of anything)

2. Silence. Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling conversation (if you practice mostly silence, you’ll Not learn how to speak?)

.3. Order. Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time. (A disorganized, not filthy, place at home is occasionally a productive environment)

4. Resolution. Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve. (And what if you failed? Is it the end of life?)

5. Frugality. Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; i.e., waste nothing. (Great resolution since most food can be used if we do Not hoard. Many people are sick persons when they hoard everything they stumble upon, even trifles, and never get the courage to part of them)

6. Industry. Lose no time; be always employed in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions. (Apparently, boredom is a great source of mental resources)

7. Sincerity. Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly, and, if you speak, speak accordingly. (Deliver on what you promise. Learn Not to promise and do your due diligence)

8. Justice. Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty. (Justice is different than fairness)

9. Moderation. Avoid extremes; forbear resenting injuries so much as you think they deserve. (Have passions but do Not overdo them)

10. Cleanliness. Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, clothes, or habitation.

11. Tranquility. Be not disturbed at trifles, or at accidents common or unavoidable. (Hard virtue to maintain if you have a strong ego, and care about how people will react to your tranquil attitude)

12. Chastity. Rarely use venery but for health or offspring, never to dullness, weakness, or the injury of your own or another’s peace or reputation. (Anyway, males react to women needs and temptations)

13. Humility. Imitate Jesus and Socrates. (They were Not that humble: they were engaged and acted decisively when wrong was done)

The portrait of Franklin is by the French painter Joseph-Siffred Duplessis and is in the North Carolina Museum of Art in Raleigh.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

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