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Archive for May 3rd, 2022

When it’s better to be “novative” (incremental addition), not innovative

Benham. Mar 31, 2022

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How Not to Read Scientific Papers

Learn Not wasting your time reading useless papers.

I’m a Ph.D. student and in my job, I get to read/skim lots of papers.

Always being on the watch for new ideas, I’m very comfortable with checking out various papers with seemingly innovative concepts.

The problem is: Often times these papers are not going to be useful for my research, not because they’re wrong (well, some are), but because their context is very different than the kind of papers published in my field.

Reading papers from other contexts/literatures isn’t bad per se. In fact, if you can read an interesting idea and apply it to your own field, that’ll be a novel contribution. (Especially if you consider yourself a quick reader?)

It feels like the low hanging fruits have already been picked, and if an idea isn’t used in your field, it’s likely because somebody tried it and it didn’t work out. (Didn’t work out for him. How about trying your hand at it?)

Most people don’t even bother trying new methods in their field. ( They dread learning new methods that their peers would Not appreciate: the paradigmatic handicapping tendencies)

For these people, the safest path moving forward is to learn what’s already been done in the field and try to make an incremental contribution to it. In reality, most papers in my field are like that; incremental and boring. (Simply, it is the safest and quickest way to be published! Kind of letting their assistants do the work for them)

After reading a number of seemingly innovative papers and realizing that my time was literally wasted reading content that’s never going to help me in my field, I now have a much higher bar for even considering to skim a paper.

Every now and then, I see an interesting title which piques my curiosity. But before getting excited about how I can use it in my field for the first time ever, I now try to see who the authors are, in which department, which journal is the paper published in, and in what context (literature). (Not interested in the terminologies of other fields that actually correspond to specific terms in your field)

Doing this, I can safely ignore most papers even if their title sounds very exciting.

But why?

The reason is because a vastly different context/literature necessitates reading a whole bunch of additional papers in that area to understand where the current specific paper is coming from. (Too much backlog reading and Not paid for it)

Do I have time for that? No.

Do I even find those extra papers as exciting as this other one? Probably not.

Do I have a bad feeling about spending my time the findings in another field of study as opposed to improving my knowledge in my own field? Absolutely yes.

That’s why I now try to be more conservative in reading papers with seemingly innovative ideas. My moto is: “Not so fast!”

Special strategy for ML papers

I used to get excited about ML papers (what that acronym means?), a lot. But after reading many and realizing that the results are not robust enough to justify the claim in the title, I now have a skepticism about ML papers.

My strategy is:

  • If the authors’ code is not readily available (e.g., on Github), forget about this paper. As Linus Torvalds said, “Show me the code, talk is cheap.”
  • Look at the number of citations. Since I’m not an ML researchers, I use the citations number as a proxy for the soundness of the paper. In a way, it’s like trusting the wisdom of the crowds. If a paper is cited many times, it’s probably not full of bs. (As if the sited papers are ever read by the author?)
  • Don’t get too excited about new papers published in the past 2–3 years. Let papers stand the test of time. Usually the best ideas are the ones that people keep using for years to come. If I find a paper from 10 years ago but with many citations, I prioritize it to another paper which was published last year but only has 40 citations. (How much time it takes you to do these kinds of search?)
  • Established papers and ideas often get featured in blogposts, too. This is super helpful because it means there’s probably someone out there who can explain the ideas in the paper better, and possibly with his/her code, too. (Now we are talking. The more shared ideas and explanation the better)

These are my criteria for reading papers now. If you have any comment on that, I’ll be happy to read it!

Wednesday, October 28th 2015. | History

Check the history of the famous city in Tunisia in Facts about Carthage.

People are interested to know the history of the region for it is the site of the ancient Carthaginian civilization.

Carthage Facts

Carthage had 2 such circular ports, one for trade and another for building mass chain ships.

In the first millennium BC, the Phoenician colony lived here and developed the region into an empire. Carthage served as the ancient capital. Here are other interesting facts about Carthage for you:

Facts About Carthage 1: Who Inhabited Carthage?

The Berber people occupied the area of Carthage in the past. They were very important for the development of the city since their large population became the major part of the administration, economy and army of the city.

Facts about Carthage 2: the mixture of culture

The mixture of culture was spotted in Carthage for it was occupied by the Phoenicians and native Berber. The mixture can be seen on the culture, language and religion.

Facts About Carthage 3: The Name Carthage

The word Carthage was derived from the Phoenician word. It means New City.

Facts about Carthage 4: the first civilization

Punic or Carthaginian is considered as the first civilization developed in Carthage.

Facts About Carthage 5: The Location

Do you know the location of Carthage? The city is situated across from Tunis’ center at the eastern edge or Lake Tunis.

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Facts about Carthage 6: the establishment of Carthage

Canaanite-speaking Phoenician colonists who were originated from Tyre were believed to have built the civilization in Carthage.

That’s based on the point of view of Greek historians. Tyre is the present day Lebanon. Queen Elissa or Dido was the leader of the colonists. 

The narrative is that Elissar fled Tyre as her brother decided to rule by violence. Her ship stopped in Cyprus before heading toward the coast of Tunisia. As the Berber king was intent of marrying Elissar, then she decided to commit suicide instead.

The civilization emerged as the major civilization in Mediterranean due to the richness and large population.

Facts About Carthage 7: The Rivalry

Since Carthage emerged as a rich and large city, it had rivalry with other cities such as Rome and Syracuse.

In the first Punic war, Carthage lost Sicily to the Romans

It made the people involved in some wars.

Facts about Carthage 8: Carthaginian victory

The most impressive Carthaginian victory was in the Second Punic War during the Hannibal’s invasion to Italy. Hannibal army, constituted of many tribes in Spain, Africa and France…, won 3 major battles that totally crushed Roman armies, and it became a major threat for Roman people.

Hannibal declined to attack the city of Rome when it was most feasible after his army crossed the Alps with 30 elephants that all died in the crossing.

Facts About Carthage 9: Battle Of Zama

In 202 BC, the Battle of Zama occurred which gave the victory for Rome and the loss of Carthage. The Roman general Sipio the Africaner allowed Hannibal to return to Carthage until young Sipio passed away at age 50.

This sudden event that removed the cover of Sipio forced Hannibal to flee to Tyre, dominated by the Greek Seleucid empire over all Syria (Southern part of Turkey, current Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan and Palestine, all the way to Gaza).

The Seleucid king was defeated twice on land by the Roman armies and once by sea. Hannibal fled to a Parthian kind who delivered him to the Roman. Hannibal opted for suicide

In 146 BC, the Romans destroyed the city after the Third Punic War because Carthage easily paid up its tribute and was considered a major threat for its accumulated wealth.

Facts about Carthage 10: the reestablishment

After it was destroyed, Carthage was reestablished by Romans. It served as the 4th most important city in the empire.


Images

Ruins of
Carthage

Carthage
Statues

Carthage
National Museum

Carthage
Port

Carthage
City

Carthage
Harbor Ruins

Ancient
Carthage Tunisia

Carthage
Land Hammamet

Tunisia
Roman Ruins

Carthage
Africa

Carthage Tunisia
Painting

Modern Day
Carthage

Bursa
Tunisia

tourmega.com

See the source image
See the source image

adonis49

adonis49

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