Adonis Diaries

Archive for October 21st, 2022

Manchuria, this vast land in northern China, delimited by the Great Dam and Siberia, was a “private” property to the Manchu dynasty. China forbade any immigration of its peasants to this province and entering this region required a special visa.

This article is extracted from a reported article by the German traveler Richard Katz around 1930 related to the newly established city port of Dern

By 1900, Russia started extending train line to the small port of Dalni in Manchuria (renamed Dern by the Japanese) as an alternative to the port city of Vladivostok (Siberia) that was barely functional for 6 months a year.

And Russia started fortifying Port Arthur in the peninsula of Bacilli in Manchuria.

This vast land can easily accommodate 80 million, but it had barely 8 million of nomadic population before the colonization of Japan.

In 1905, Japan vanquished the Russia military by sea and by land and occupied what Tzarist Russia already occupied and then totally occupied Korea and many swath of land in China proper.

In 1915, Tzarist Russia relinquished all its acquisition and privileges in the province of Quinton as well as the southern train lines in Manchuria. China greed on the terms of the Russia/Japan treaty of Portsmouth.

Japan won vast “legal” treaties from China, like renting for 99 years swaths of land for investment and be the sole investor in China train lines…

Japan considered Manchuria the source of the minerals it needed for its development and allowed 30 million Chinese peasants to immigrate to it and develop its abandoned lands.

And after WW1, England cooperated fully with the expansion of Japan merchant ships and angered the USA who considered Japan the main competitor in China vast trade market.

Not surprisingly, the USA occupied the Philippines in 1931 in order to confront Japan in the far east.

Within 25 years, the port-city of Dern outperformed the British port cities of Portsmouth and Keel in development and modernity. And Japan laid 1,200 km of train lines that linked small towns in this vast land.

The Japanese peasants had no incentive (standard of living) of immigrate and work hard the lands in Manchuria, barely 200,000 migrated and essentially worked in the train maintenance.

Within this period, as Japan controlled Manchuria, 27 million Chinese peasants migrated to Manchuria since they were accustomed to live the harsh life under the Chinese warlords.

Note 1: Japan knew that it could Not compete with the USA trade in China in the long run, on account that the USA is independent in producing raw materials. This realization forced Japan to take wrong strategic decisions by allying with Germany Hitler and add insult by attacking Pearl harbor. The detonation of 2 atomic bombs over Japan was mainly due to angry reactions toward this island that blatantly opposed its supremacy by sea.

Note 2: This is a story I have read a long time ago: it seems “plausible” for the period. The army of Russia Stalin had occupied Manchuria, North of current Korea and was positioned to advance toward all of Korea when the USA dropped the 2 atomic bombs on Japan.

As the communists of Mao took control of China, they wanted to recapture Manchuria. The well equipped Russian army annihilated the first million of under-armed Chinese army (give and take a few thousands of killed, handicapped, seriously injured and made prisoners). Supposedly Mao sent Stalin this message “I am readying another million to the front. Is your army ready to resume the war?” Apparently, the message was lod and clear and Stalin retreated from Manchuria.

Note 3: this article was inspired by a few articles on Japan expansionist policies in the far east and Manchuria that Antoun Saadi posted in Damascus dailies in around 1931 when returned to Lebanon from Brazil and visited Damascus for a few months.





October 2022

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