Adonis Diaries

Archive for the ‘testimonials/civil war’ Category

Highway thieving in Lebanon: The militia/mafia “leaders” of an anomie system

The definition of an anomie system is that almost every deputy in the Parliament and politicians who served for many years end up owning at least one major basic business in the country. Every dollar spent by the citizens enrich their election reserves and staying power.

لصوص من بلادي !!!

طرابلس عاصمة لبنان الثانية تتحول الى أفقر مدينة على حوض البحر المتوسط ، لأن المسؤول فيها ، إما رأسمالي ، أو تابع لا قرار له ، أو جبان متخاذل ، أو مخدّر ومنفصل عن الواقع !

قانون إنتخابي يُفصّل على مقاس شخصٍ ، كي يفوز في الإنتخابات التي أنفق فيها السياسيون مئات ملايين الدولارات لشراء ذمم المهمشين والمدجّنين ، بحفنةٍ من الليرات ، والكثير من الأكاذيب !

– جبال لبنان الخضراء هُشّمت ، كي يملأ المسؤولون جيوبهم بالمال من شركائهم في صفقات المرامل والكسارات !3,000of them

– النفايات تملأ شوارع لبنان ، كي تضاعف النفاياتُ السياسية أرصدتها في البنوك ، بالمال النظيف المتأتي من صفقات الزبالة والمحارق والمطامر !

– العتمة أعمت قلوب اللبنانيين ، كي يحصل المسؤولون على حصصهم المالية من مافيات مولدات الكهرباء وشركات إستيراد النفط وسُفن توليد الطاقة الكهربائية !

– منطقة واحدة من لبنان ، تنعم بالكهرباء مجاناً 24 /24 ، بينما يغرق بقية اللبنانيين في الظلمة ، بسبب فساد وجشع قسمٍ من السياسيين ، وخبث ودهاء قسمٍ آخر ، وغباء وجُبن قسمٍ ثالث !

الشواطىء الرملية التي هي مُلك لكل اللبنانيين ، تُمنح هدايا سخيّة لأزلام وزبانية المسؤولين ، كي يستثمروها ويتقاسموا أرباحها !

كازينو لبنان الذي هو منجم ذهب ، يتحول الى “مغارة علي بابا” ، حيث توزع أرباحه حصصاً وغنائم ورواتب خيالية ، على أفراد العصابة وكل الحرامية!

طرقات لبنان محفّرة ومظلمة ومختنقة بزحمة سير أزلية أبدية ، والمشاريع الإنمائية مكدّسة في الأدراج ، لا تخرج منها ، إلا إذا ضمِن أصحاب الكروش من المسؤولين ، نصيبهم من صفقاتها التي يتمّ أغلبها بالتراضي !

البنوك تمارس الضغوط على المصرف المركزي ، كي تتهرب من دفع الضرائب ، وكي تراكم ارباحها التي تصل الى أرقام ضوئية !
— الجامعة اللبنانية تتحول الى دكانٍ طائفي للتوظيف ، يحشو فيه المسؤولون أزلامهم وأتباعهم !

وزارات ومؤسسات وإدارات رسمية تصبح ملكاً لزعماء الطوائف ومرتزقتهم الذين يحولونها الى أوكار وأسواق لإجراء الصفقات والسمسرات وكل انواع ” البيزنيس” !

– مليارات الليرات تذهب سنوياً الى ورثةِ رؤوساء جمهورية ورؤوساء حكومة ونواب سابقين يشكلون العصب الرئيسي للإقطاع العائلي والإقتصادي والسياسي في هذا البلد المنهوب !

– مليارات الليرات تهدرها خزينة الدولة سنوياً ، على إستئجار مبانٍ حكومية وجامعية ، من أجل تنفيع الأقربين والأبعدين من المحظوظين المحسوبين على المسؤولين !

– مليارات الليرات تذهب الى جيوب المسؤولين وزوجاتهم ، تحت مسمّى مقنّع هو “جمعيات خيرية وإنسانية” !

– أراضٍ ومشاعات تتحول بصكوك قانونية ، الى ملكيةٍ خاصة للمسؤولين وأبنائهم !

قضاة يعاقبون ويعفون ، يدينون ويبرّئون ، بناء على رغبةِ ومشيئةِ ومصلحةِ مُعلّميهم السياسيين !
ضباط فاسدون ومرتشون يصبحون من أصحاب الملايين !

الجنسية اللبنانية تُعرض في المزاد العلني لمَن يدفع أكثر من اصحاب السوابق والفاسدين والمجرمين ، وتُمنع عن مستحقينها !

– وزير يشتري فيللا بأسبانيا بملايين الدولارات !

– مسؤول يستفيد من قروض سكنية بملايين الدولارات ، كانت مخصصةً لأصحاب الدخل المحدود من أفراد شعب لبنان العنيد !
– موظفون في الإدارات العامة يتقاضون رواتب شهرية ، دون ان يذهبوا الى اماكن أعمالهم !

– موظف صغير في “أوجيرو” يحصل على مبلغ 31 مليون ليرة في شهر واحد !

– متسلطون يسرقون وينهبون ويشتمون بعضهم على مواقع التواصل الإجتماعي ، ويأججون النعرات الطائفية لنيل غنائمهم من البقرة الحلوب ، ثم يستدعون الى التحقيق مواطناً مخنوقاً ، لأنه كتب من قلبٍ مجروح ، نقداً لهم على صفحته الخاصة !

– شعب جائع وعاطل من العمل ويائس ومحبط ويحلم بالحصول على فيزا من سفارة أجنبية ، فيما المهرجانات الفنية تجتاح الوطن من جنوبه الى شماله !

وكل هذا الفساد والخراب والنهب والهبش والنتش واللطش والهدر والسرقة والبلطجة التي تصادر أموال خزينة الدولة وتقلص مداخيلها .. ليس سوى رأس جبل الجليد ..

لأن ما خفي كان أعظم بكثير ، ولا يكشفه لنا سوى النكايات والمهاترات والحرتقات بين السياسيين اللصوص انفسهم الذين حوّلوا الوطن الى “شركة مساهمة” تقدم لزبائنها خدماتٍ وسِلعاً بأسعارٍ هي الأغلى في المنطقة والعالم : أغلى فاتورة كهرباء ، ماء ، هاتف ، إنترنيت ، بنزين ، إستشفاء ، دواء … !!!!

لبنان هو البلد الذي يسير فيه فسادُ السلطة الحاكمة عارياً ، دون قفازات ، دون أقنعة ، دون حياء .. وهو البلد الذي يُعبد فيه الزعيمُ الطائفي الذي يغفر له قطيعُه المدجّن ، كل جرائمه وخطاياه ، ويتمنون له دوام الصحة وطول العمر ، كي يظل داعساً على رؤوسهم طول العمر!!!!!!!!

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How the war broke out in Syria: The day before the city of Deraa upheaval

Steven Sahiounie began writing political analysis and commentary during the Syrian war that began in March 2011. He has published several articles, and has been affiliated with numerous media. He has been interviewed by US, Canadian and German media.

The day before September 11, 2001 was like any normal day in New York City.  September 10, 2001 was unaware of the earthshaking events which would happen the next day.

Similarly, one might think the day before the violence broke out in Deraa, Syria in March 2011 would have been an uneventful day, unaware of the uprising about to begin.

But, that was not the case.  Deraa was teaming with activity and foreign visitors to Syria well before the staged uprising began its opening act.

The Omari Mosque was the scene of backstage preparations, costume changes and rehearsals.

The Libyan terrorists, fresh from the battlefield of the US-NATO  regime change  attack on Libya, were in Deraa well ahead of the March 2011 uprising violence.

The cleric of the Omari Mosque was Sheikh Ahmad al Sayasneh . He was an older man with a severe eye problem, which caused him to wear special dark glasses, and severely hampered his vision.  He was not only visually impaired, but light sensitive as well, which caused him to be indoors as much as possible and often isolated.

He was accustomed to judging the people he talked with by their accent and voice. The Deraa accent is distinctive.  All of the men attending the Omari Mosque were local men, all with the common Deraa accent.

However, the visitors from Libya did not make themselves known to the cleric, as that would blow their cover.  Instead, they worked with local men; a few key players who they worked to make their partners and confidants.

The participation of local Muslim Brotherhood followers, who would assist the foreign Libyan mercenaries/terrorists, was an essential part of the CIA plan, which was well scripted and directed from Jordan. (Thus, these Libyan terrorists were whisked inside through he Jordanian borders?)

Enlisting the aid and cooperation of local followers of Salafism allowed the Libyans to move in Deraa without attracting any suspicion.   The local men were the ‘front’ for the operation.

Ghada El Yafi shared this link. August 17 at 6:18am ·

I did not have any proof, but I was one of those that pretended since 2011 that the Deraa story about children’s torture was a created film in order to create a revolution in Syria, the state that was against the recognition of Israel, in spite of all the american “carrots”: either the one who practiced torture has been very well paid for that, either the whole story was untrue but well prepared to look like truth.

Earlier, the preparation of the cedar revolution in Lebanon was easier because of Hariri’s assassination, ( I still believe, that Hariri’s assassination happened to achieve the “New Middle East” map project).

Every day brings to us more new proves that we are thinking right.
Unfortunately, it is always difficult for people to change their mind, even in front of truth.

ahtribune.com

The CIA agents running the Deraa operation from their office in Jordan had already provided the weapons and cash needed to fuel the flames of revolution in Syria.   With enough money and weapons, you can start a revolution anywhere in the world.

In reality, the uprising in Deraa in March 2011 was not fueled by graffiti written by teenagers, and there were no disgruntled parents demanding their children to be freed.

This was part of the Hollywood style script written by skilled CIA agents, who had been given a mission: to destroy Syria for the purpose of regime change. (Supporting Hezbollah and providing it with necessary weapons to fight Israel)  Deraa was only Act 1: Scene 1.

The fact that those so-called teenaged graffiti artists and their parents have never been found, never named, and never pictured is the first clue that their identity is cloaked in darkness.

In any uprising there needs to be grassroots support.

Usually, there is a situation which arises, and protesters take to the streets.  The security teams step in to keep the peace and clear the streets and if there is a ‘brutal crackdown’ the otherwise ‘peaceful protesters’ will react with indignation, and feeling oppressed and wronged, the numbers in the streets will swell.

This is the point where the street protests can take two directions: the protesters will back down and go home, or the protesters can react with violence, which then will be met with violence from the security teams, and this sets the stage for a full blown uprising.

The staged uprising in Deraa had some locals in the street who were unaware of their participation in a CIA-Hollywood production.

They were the unpaid extras in the scene about to be shot.  These unaware extras had grievances, perhaps  lasting a generation or more, and perhaps rooted in Wahhabism, which is a political ideology exported globally by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Royal family and their paid officials.

The Libyans stockpiled weapons at the Omari Mosque well before any rumor spread about teenagers arrested for graffiti.  The cleric, visually impaired and elderly, was unaware of the situation inside his Mosque, or of the foreign infiltrators in his midst.

The weapons came into Deraa from the CIA office in Jordan.  The US government has close ties to the King of Jordan (From its inception by the British).

Jordan is 98% Palestinian, and yet has a long lasting peace treaty with Israel, despite the fact that 5 million of the Jordanian citizen’s relatives next door in Occupied Palestine are denied any form of human rights.

The King of Jordan has to do a daily high-wire balancing act between his citizens, the peace and safety in his country and America’s interests and projects in the Middle East.

King Abdullah is not only a tight-rope walker, but a juggler at the same time, and all of this pressure on him must be enormous for him, and Queen Rania, who is herself Palestinian.

These facts must be viewed in the forefront of the background painted scenery of The Syrian Arab Republic, which has for the last 40 years had a cornerstone of domestic and foreign policy carved and set in the principle of Palestinian human rights and Palestinian freedom and justice.

The US policy to attack Syria for the purpose of regime change was not just about the gas lines, the oil wells, the strategic location and the gold: but it was about crushing that cornerstone of Palestinian rights into dust.  To get rid of President Bashar al Assad was to get rid of one of the few Arab leaders who are an unwavering voice of Palestinian rights.

Deraa’s location directly on the Jordanian border is the sole reason it was picked for the location-shoot of the opening act of the Syrian uprising.    If you were to ask most Syrians, if they had ever been to Derra, or ever plan to go, they will answer, “No.”

It is a small and insignificant agricultural town.  It is a very unlikely place to begin a nationwide revolution.  Deraa has a historical importance because of archeological ruins, but that is lost on anyone other than history professors or archaeologists.

(And starting a revolution from the Turkish border would have failed: The Syrians never forgot that Turkey has occupied and, is occupying, 0ne third of its territories during the French mandate over Syria and Lebanon from 1920 to 1940)

The access to the weapons from Jordan made Deraa the perfect place to stage the uprising which has turned into an international war.  Any person with common sense would assume an uprising or revolution in Syria would begin in Damascus or Aleppo, the two biggest cities.

Even after 2 ½ years of violence around the country, Aleppo’s population never participated in the uprising, or call for regime change.

Aleppo: the large industrial powerhouse of Syria wanted nothing to do with the CIA mission, and felt that by staying clear of any participation they could be spared and eventually the violence would die out, a natural death due to lack of participation of the civilians.

However, this was not to play out for Aleppo.  Instead, the US supported Free Syrian Army, who were mainly from Idlib and the surrounding areas, invited in their foreign partners, and they came pouring into Aleppo from Turkey, where they had taken Turkish Airlines flights from Afghanistan, Europe, Australia and North Africa landing in Istanbul, and then transported by buses owned by the Turkish government to the Turkey-Aleppo border.

The airline tickets, buses, paychecks, supplies, food, and medical needs were all supplied in Turkey by an official from Saudi Arabia.

The weapons were all supplied by the United States of America, from their warehouse at the dock of Benghazi, Libya.

The US-NATO regime change mission had ended in success in Libya, with America having taken possession of all the weapons and stockpiles formerly the property of the Libyan government, including tons of gold bullion taken by the US government from the Central Bank of Libya.

Enter the Libyans stage right. Mehdi al Harati, the Libyan with an Irish passport, was put in charge of a Brigade of terrorists working under the pay and direction of the CIA in Libya.  Once his fighting subsided there, he was moved to Northern Syria, in the Idlib area, which was the base of operation for the American backed Free Syrian Army, who Republican Senator John McCain lobbied for in the US Congress, and personally visited, illegally entering Syria without any passport or border controls.

In Arizona, Sen. McCain is in favor of deporting any illegal alien entering USA, but he himself broke international law by entering Syria as an illegal and undocumented alien.  However, he was in the company of trusted friends and associates, the Free Syrian Army: the same men who beheaded Christians and Muslims, raped females and children of both sexes, sold girls as sex slaves in Turkey, and ate the raw liver of a man, which they  proudly videoed and uploaded.

Previously, Syria did not have any Al Qaeda terrorists, and had passed through the war in neighboring Iraq none the worse for wear, except having accepted 2 million Iraqis as refugee guests.

Shortly before the Deraa staged uprising began, Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie were in Damascus and being driven around by the President and First Lady. Pitt and Jolie had come to visit and support the Iraqi war refugees in Damascus.  Brad Pitt was amazed that the Syrian President would drive him around personally, and without any body guards or security detail.

Pitt and Jolie were used to their own heavy security team in USA.  Pres. Assad explained that he and his wife were comfortable in Damascus, knowing that it was a safe place.  Indeed, the association of French travel agents had deemed Syria as the safest tourist destination in the entire Mediterranean region, meaning even safer than France itself.

However, the US strategy was to create a “New Middle East”, which would do away with safety in Syria; through the ensuing tornado, aka ‘winds of change’.

Tunisia, Libya, Egypt and then Syria were the stepping stones in the garden of the “Arab Spring”.  But, the scenario in the Syrian mission did not stay on script.   It went over deadline and over budget.  The final credits have yet to be rolled, and the curtain has yet to fall on the stage.

We can’t under estimate the role that mainstream media had to play in the destruction of Syria.  (The media are owned by multinationals obeying to the US policies, including those owned by Saudi Kingdom and Gulf Emirates)

For example, Al Jazeera’s Rula Amin was in Deraa and personally interviewed the cleric Sayasneh at the Omari Mosque.   Al Jazeera is the state owned and operated media for the Prince of Qatar.  The Prince of Qatar was one of the key funders of the terrorists attacking Syria.

The USA was sending the weapons, supplies and providing military satellite imagery, however the cash to make payroll, to pay out bribes in Turkey, and all other expenses which needed cold cash in hand was being paid out by the Prince of Qatar and the King of Saudi Arabia, who were playing their roles as closest Middle East allies of the United States of America.  (Actually, the Sovereign Saudi fund is run by the USA)

This was a production team between USA, EU, NATO, Turkey, Jordan, Israel and the Persian Gulf Arab monarchies of Saudi Arabia and Qatar primarily.

The CIA has no problem with covert operations in foreign countries, and even full scale attacks, but the matter of funding needs to come from a foreign country, because the American voters don’t care about killing people in Syria, but they would never agree to pay for it.

As long as the Arabs were paying for the project, that was OK by Mr. John Q. Public, who probably was not able to find Syria on a map anyway.

Rula Amin and others of the Al Jazeera staff, and including the American CNN, the British BBC and the French France24 all began deliberate political propaganda campaign against the Syrian government and the Syrian people who were suffering from the death and destruction brought on by the terrorists who were pretending to be players in a local uprising.

Some days, the scripts were so similar that you would have guessed they were all written in the same hotel room in Beirut.

Onto the stage stepped the online media personalities of Robert Fisk, from his vantage point in Beirut and Joshua Landis from his perch in Oklahoma.  These 2 men, sitting so far removed from the actual events, pretended to know everything going on in Syria.

British and American readers were swayed by their deliberate one-sided explanations, while the actual Syrians living inside Syria, who read in English online, were baffled.

Syrians were wondering how Western writers could take the side of the terrorists who were foreigners, following Radical Islam and attacking any unarmed civilian who tried to defend their home and family. The media was portraying the terrorists as freedom fighters and heroes of democracy, while they were raping, looting, maiming, kidnapping for ransom and murdering unarmed civilians who had not read the script before the shooting began in Deraa.

There was one global movie trailer, and it was a low budget cell phone video which went viral around the world, and it sold the viewers on the idea of Syria being in the beginning of a dramatic fight for freedom, justice and the American way.   From the very beginning, Al Jazeera and all the rest of the media were paying $100.00 to any amateur video shot in Syria.

A whole new cottage industry sprang up in Syria, with directors and actors all hungry for the spotlight and fame.  Authenticity was not questioned; the media just wanted content which supported their propaganda campaign in Syria.

Deraa was the opening act of tragic epic which has yet to conclude.

The cleric who was a key character in the beginning scenes, Sheikh Sayasneh, was first put under house arrest, and then he was smuggled out to Amman, Jordan in January 2012.  He now gives lectures in America near Washington, DC. Just like aspiring actors usually find their way to Hollywood, which is the Mecca of the film industry, Sheikh Sayasneh found his way to the Mecca of all regime change projects.

Revoke the censorship ban of “In this land lay graves of mine”

In June 2015, Lebanese filmmaker Reine Mitri was notified by the General Security Directorate that her documentary film “In this land lay graves of mine” is banned from screening in cinemas, upon the decision of the Minister of Interior based on a recommendation by the Censorship Committee whose head Andre Kassas declared that the film provokes sectarian strife.

The film tackles the subject of forced displacements and massacres that happened during the civil war, through the testimonies of people from different communities who experienced them and through archive photos.

The film shows how fear is still perpetuated between communities through what is called “cadastral war”.

Banning this film represents the State’s intention and ways in continuing to obliterate the memory of the war and its victims by imposing a censorship system based on a loose and subjective law (dated 1947) allowing the individuals and institutions that protect the sectarian system to interpret it according to their own criteria and the necessities of protecting the regime, acting as if people are minor and need someone to decide for them.

These State policies forbid any constructive debate among citizens and prevent openness aimed at true reconciliation that prevents sectarian strife and civil war.

Facing the insistence of the Censorship Committee and the Minister of Interior on the decision to ban the film, Reine Mitri appealed the decision through a lawsuit in front of the Council of State (in 10/26/2015) asking the Council of State to revoke the ban decision.

In defense of freedom of expression and the duty of memory, you may sign this petition addressed to the Lebanese State (a copy of which will be deposited at the various ministries represented in the Censorship Committee and the General Security).

Note: Civil wars that ends with NO victors is a hotbed preparing for another war

 

US report: Foreign fighters (358,000 in total) from 92 countries were engaged in Syria…

Hala Fouaad Mahfoud posted this link:

A US report by a center for strategic research dedicated to the Middle East and Arabic region on the status of Syria stated that out of 358,000 foreign fighters (from 92 nationalities) in Syria, less than 100,000 are still around on the ground.

Since April 2011 till Dec. 31, 2013, over 358,000 foreign fighters were engaged in Syria at some point in the struggle.

About 98,000 were killed, 182,000 disengaged and left, 12,000 are missing.

Some 66,000 are still fighting with the two major Al Qaeda factions of Al Nusra Front and Daesh.

The largest number of incoming fighters was registered in October 2013 at 143,000 fighters.

12,760 “warriors” were from the US and Western Europe: 2085 returned “home” and about 874 of the returnees found their citizenship revoked.

Saudi Arabia ranked first in number of Islamist Jihadist with over 70,000, of which 28,000 were killed.

Tunisia sent the most of women, followed by Saudi Arabia, with a total of 900 women who were used for sex and entertainment. About 208 were killed.

374 Turkish soldiers and officers were killed and accounted as falling during engagement with Kurdish separatist factions.

More than $100 bn were spent on this war: Saudi Arabia spent $21 bn and Qatar $13 bn, followed by Kuwait and the Gulf Emirates.

The Chechen fighters were the most trained, and the Saudis the least. The Lebanese were ever ready to flee at the first serious engagement.

The Turkish clinical centers benefited most from the trade of body parts.

Lately, France confirmed that 800 French citizens fought in Syria.

تقرير أمريكي : عن سوريا
مهم جدا إقراه جيدا
من احد مراكز البحوث اﻻستراتيجية المتخصصة في الشؤون العربية والشرق الاوسط
ربع مليون مقاتل أجنبي في سوريا بقي منهم أقل من مئة ألفأكبر تجمع لمقاتلين أجانب حصل في التاريخ
في دراسة بحثية لمركز أمريكي عن عدد المقاتلين الأجانب الذين شاركوا في القتال في سوريا منذ بداية الأحداث وحتى 31/12/2013.

بلغ عدد المقاتلين الأجانب الذين قاتلوا في سوريا ضد الجيش العربي السوري منذ نيسان 2011 وحتى 31 كانون الأول2013 بلغ 358 ألف مقاتل أجنبي,
قتل منهم98ألف و غادر مهنم182 ألف و هناك12 ألف مفقود بينما لازال66 ألف مقاتل أجنبي يقاتلون مع النصرة و داعش وغيرها من الفصائل المسلحة في سوريا.

– أكبر تجمع للمقاتلين الأجانب حصل في التاريخ حصل بسوريا بواقع 97 جنسية عالمية.

– أعلى رقم للمقاتلين الأجانب الذين تواجدوا في سوريا بوقت واحد كان في تشرين الأول 2013 حيث بلغ عددهم 143 ألف مقاتل بدأ بعدها هذا الرقم بالتناقص السريع.

– عدد المقاتلين الذين يحملون جنسيات أجنبية ( أوربية و أمريكية ) بلغ 12760 عاد منهم 2083 وتم سحب الجنسية من 874.

– السعودية تحتل المركز الأول بعدد المقاتلين الأجانب بعدد 30700 مقاتل قتل منهم حوالي 28000.

– تونس هي الأولى تليها السعودية بعدد النساء المشاركات في الجهاد بسوريا بواقع 900 فتاة وامرأة تونسية قتل منهم 208 وانحصر دورهم بالجنس و الترفيه.

– 34 مليار دولار دفعتها بعض دول الخليج لتمويل المسلحين في سوريا بواقع :
قطر 13 مليار دولار
السعودية 21 مليار دولار
والباقي من دول خليجية أخرى

– المقاتلون الشيشان هم الأكثر تدريبا

– المقاتلون السعوديون هم الأقل تدريبا و خبرة

– المقاتلون اللبنانيون هم الأكثر هروبا

– الجيش التركي خسر 347 جندي وضابط شاركوا بالقتال مع المسلحين لم يتم التصريح بسبب وفاتهم وسجلوا بأنهم ضحايا لهجمات حزب العمال الكردستاني أو أثناء عمليات تدريبية.

– أول عمل مسلح شارك فيه مقاتل أجنبي في سوريا كان بتاريخ 10.04.2011 وشارك فيه مقاتل لبناني من عكار في الهجوم على اوتستراد مدينة بانياس.

– المشافي التركية هي الأولى في سرقة و التجارة بأعضاء البشر نتيجة القتال في سوريا.

متى سيفهم وقود تلك المعارك انهم اما ادوات غرر بهم، او ان الدولار اعماهم

Massacres of 1860 in Syria and Damascus: Memoirs of a French diplomat of the genocide. Part 3

French expedition of 1860 to Lebanon and Damascus...

During the decade long occupation of the Egyptian leader Ibrahim Pasha, the Christians in Syria and Lebanon enjoyed the same rights as the Moslems. The Christian Maronites in Lebanon learned to exhibit their short-lived power and kept reclaiming their acquired privileges after the Egyptian troops vacated Syria and Lebanon at the pressure of the western nations, a behavior that antagonized the Ottoman governors and the Druze.

However, the Christians in Damascus kept their traditional low profile, shunned external forms of ostentatious behavior,  and the custom of respecting even the low ranked Moslem officials and refrained from mounting horses. The exterior of the houses looked decrepit, but the inside was fabulous and richly furnished.

Actually, the Christians in Damascus, mostly Orthodox who split into the Oriental faction (Shark) and the sect that pledged allegiance to Papal Rome (Gharb), were busy in their their internal political rivalry.

Most of the public accountants in the government were Christians and they delivered “clean” balance sheets while accumulating wealth.

After the genocide committed by the Druze on the Christian Maronites living in the Druze canton or Kaemmakam in 1860, the mass assassination spread in all of Syria, from Aleppo, to Hama, Homs and the Capital Damascus.

An insidious letter, having the format and bearing the look of an official document, was disseminated throughout Syria. The letter briefly said:

“With the beginning of the reign of Sultan Abdel Majid, the Christians in the Ottoman Empire got used to openly despise the sacred laws of Shariaa.

The Christians have transgressed the limits and obligations which were imposed on them since caliph Omar el Khattab.

Currently, the Christians have gone as far as downgrading the principles and belief system of the Moslems.  They pretend that a Moslem must stand up to receive a Christian guest and give him priority in reunions and public gathering…

These exigencies are meant to establish equality among the minority sects… They ignore that the vizirs, ulemmas and fakihs  have been meeting secretly to fine tune a plan for their total extermination, a plan based on the tenants of the Shariaa:

1. It is licit to shed the blood of the Christians, not to respect their properties and honor, to burn their churches, destroy their houses…since they started not to pay their due tax for being Christians under the protection of Islam…

2. Most of the fatwas issued in India and Boukhara absolutely forbid to allow the Christians from gaining power. The fatwas are demanding to annihilate their descendants and derange their businesses…

3. No regards should be given to the infidel Christians…

4. The testimonies of a Christians are null and void , and illegal. Even the testimony of an Alawit Ansari is preferred…

Let us remind you of the words in the Koran: Make no difference among the infidel nations

Islam nations, wake up and destroy the race of these serving the Cross, in this sacred land that they spoiled…

The European nations are weak and enfeebled after the Crimea war. This is the time to take the opportunity to defeat them once and for all, before they recover their strength and come back to dispossess us from our wealth…

We are secretly meeting with the purposes of:

1. Assassinate sultan Abdel Magid who deviated from Islamic laws…

2. Since the Christians in our Empire are in complete accord with the western nations, and particularly the Christians in Mount Lebanon (numbering 200,000) who are known for their intrigues and conniving with the infidel nations to enter our Empire, the Christians will be exterminated in Mount Lebanon, Aleppo, Hama, Homs, Damascus and everywhere they exist in our midst…” End of letter

How the content of this letter matches the current Moslem extremist movements and organization and goal.

This letter smacks of a Wahhabi agenda, and totally inspired by England that backed the Druze in order to weaken the growing power of the Maronites who relied on France and papal Rome since the crusading periods in the 11th century.

Governor of Damascus, Ahmed Pasha ordered the garrisons of Rashaya and Hasbaya in Lebanon, which participated in the slaughter-hood in both towns, to converge to Damascus. The Christians there felt very apprehensive of the arrival of these recruited soldiers, more intent on looting than protecting properties.

Sheikh Abdallah Haleby of Damascus was the most vocal against the Christians.

The plague of the Druze chieftain of Huran, Ismail Atrash,  who had massacred the Christians in Rashaya, Hasbaya and Zahleh, progressed toward the nun convent of Saidnaya, bordering with the desert. Women from all religions (Christians, Moslems and Druzes) made frequent pilgrimage to the Virgin Mary. It is reported that the head nun must have paid a substantial tribute to the Ismail before his hoard retreated.

On July 9, 1860, young Moslems insulted the cross, and the governor detained them and made them sweep the street in chains.

The amassing storm of hatred broke up. And by night fall, and within hours, the Christian quarters were ravaged, burned and looted.

No less than 4,000 victims were massacred, and this time around male, female and children. The looting lasted 4 days. The homes of the French, Russian, Dutch and USA consuls were burned down. The English and Prussia consuls were saved from invasion. (England had a policy of weakening the power of the Christians who supported France or Russia)

Both, the patriarchates of the Oriental and Occidental Orthodox Christian were looted from their century old treasures.

Abdel Kader, the famous Algerian resistance leader against the new colonial power of France, was the main protector of the fleeing Christians. The Citadel hosted about 10,000 refugees, living in open air and dying out of famine and thirst.

Five months later, skeletal and cranes were still dug out of the rubble. Many of the victims are of females and children who had fled from Hasbaya and Rashaya a few months ago to the safety of Damascus.

When the new governor arrived over 150 women were incarcerated in harems.

Ironically, the most fanatic of Moslems in the Meidan quarter protected the poorer Christians living in the quarter. It appears that the houses were so close and packed around that any burning house would spread to all the other houses.

The Jewish quarter was left untouched for two reasons:

1. The Jews were despised and not just hated

2. The looters knew that the Jews will buy back the stolen goods and relieve them from the spoil

The next post will describe “how justice was served” in Lebanon and Damascus

Note 1: Read part 2 https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2013/11/12/slaughterhood-of-1860-in-lebanon-part-2/

Note 2: Damascus is a city that always managed to rebuild after countless invasions and ransacking. The main reason is that this geographic strategic city is floating on fresh water sources and enjoy fertile lands.

Note 3: The British commissioner Lord Dufferin  suggested that Syria (including current Lebanon) and Palestine be governed by a vassal to the Ottoman Empire, as was done in Egypt, and Fuad Pasha was the consensus name to be the new ruler. This idea failed. Finally, a few weeks before the date of the retreat of the French expedition on June 5, 1861, the European commission met in Istanbul and decided to have Mount Lebanon governed by a outsider Christian, appointed by the Sultan.

This was to be known as the Mutasarefiya consensus. The first Moutasaref was the Armenian Christian Daoud Pasha and who was promoted to Mushir or Marechal, the first highest rank bestowed on a Christian in the Ottoman army.

Israel Filka Site: Fouad Seniora, Lebanon former PM, an Israeli Spy…?
Hezbollah Secretary General, Hassan Nasr Allah gave an extensive interview to the channel Al Mayadeen, a day before the car bombing of Bir Al Abed that harvested 26 killed and over 270 injured.
In that interview, corresponding to the anniversary of the cease fire of Israel preemptive war on Lebanon in 2006, and which lasted 33 day, Nasr Allah explained:
“On the 30th day of the war, Israel dropped all its preconditions in order to reach a UN resolution for a cease fire. The US and Israel dropped their conditions for the demilitarization of Hezbollah, the assembling of a 15,000 UN peace corps before retreating, or the return of the 400,000 Lebanese refugees to their villages and towns in the south… The return of the two kidnapped Israeli soldiers were to be dealt with in later swap negotiations for prisoners….
The problem was that the UN was waiting for the response of the Lebanese government agreement to the resolution for it to take effect.
Fouad Muhammad Seniora was the PM and he delayed the response for two days: He was an even more of a hardliner than Israel and US combined, and wanted that Hezbollah hands over its weapons to the Lebanese army, even knives, before he agrees to Resolution 1701.
What happened in the following two days?
1. Israel air bombed haphazardly the area of Dahiya, demolishing buildings in order to inflict maximum casualties among the civilians.
2. Israel demanded cluster bombs, and British Tony Blair PM obliged by shipping the bombs from a Scottish military depot. Israel spread 4 million tiny bombs in the south with the objective of delaying the return of the Lebanese to the south
Most Lebanese strongly suspected, if not convinced that Seniora was a US agent, but Israel Filka Site dropped this bombshell on August 2013: “Seniora has been an Israeli spy since 1974, and participated in the assassination of his boss Rafic Hariri PM in 2005…”
فؤاد السنيورة
The spy Fouad Seniora.
Israel Filka Site revealed that Israel Military censured an article by Aaron Goldbird (former Mossad agent) in the daily Haaretz that mentioned Lebanon former Fouad Seniora PM to be an Israeli spy since 1974.
Israel Filka Site pointed out in its report Bleu Farcom the following:
1. Commander Goldbird worked for the Mossad from 1970 to 1989 and was the “handler” of Seniora and met with him three time during Lebanon civil war.
2. After Goldbird retirement, Israel General Prosecutor ordered him never to leave Israel.
3. The story of how Seniora was enlisted in the Mossad was released to the Israeli dailies by Gelaad Levine, Goldbird’s lawyer.
4. Goldbird was responsible for training and following up on the foreign agents in Lebanon and he receive a file called Nour
5. Goldbird traveled to Beirut under a faked French  passport (#84/33455) and rented a furnished apartment in the resort town of Aley.
6. Goldbird called Nour, who was Fouad Mohammad Seniora from Saida, and trained him on communication facilities, safe connection, techniques for gathering pieces of intelligence, and confusing the investigators… All these training were conducted in 1974
7.  Goldbird met Seniora again in Tel Aviv in late 1976, Seniora arrived via Greece
8.  He met with Seniora again in Paris
9. And a third time in 1977 using a faked Jordanian passport.
10. Every time Seniora met with Goldbird, he would carry Lebanese sweet in the name of his family, claiming to be handmade by himself
11. Goldbird was dumbfounded as he watched Seniora on TV acting as Prime Minister to Lebanon.
12. Seniora offered Israel very important pieces of intelligence before and after he became Prime minister.
13. During Israel preemptive war on Lebanon in 2006, Seniora was Prime Minister and aided Israel far more than anyone could, particularly during his many meetings with the US administration personalities, journalists and his steadfast position against Hezbollah military power…
14. Professor Eliahu Penysson claims that it was Seniora who gave the assassins of his master Rafic Hariri the route that Hariri would be taking from the parliament
15. Seniora rewarded Hariri’s personal security man Wissam Hassan, who failed to show up the day of the assassination, by appointing him chief of the internal intelligence section, which was heavily funded and closely supported by the US, France, England and many Arab governments.
Note 1: The day the cease fire officially took effect, the Lebanese refugees returned on the same day and lived in tents for months and worked their lands. They did not wait for anyone to give them permission to return and crossed rivers and makeshift bridges on feet.  The cluster bombs are still killing and injuring Lebanese civilians since 2006, and the de-mining project is not over yet, for lack of funding.
Note 2: Seniora worked closely with Israel and allowed Israel to establish dozen of “safe houses” and weapon depots in Beirut till 2008.  He ordered that Hezbollah relinquish connecting fixed land lines that cannot be easily be monitored. Hezbollah overran all these safe houses, called private security services and Seniora was ousted as PM.
Note 3: The Algerian daily Al Shouruk published that Seniora code name was Nour with a file # 345548 and it was Seniora who forwarded to the Israeli the schedule and route of Rafic Hariri movements when Hariri was assassinated by a violent car explosion on February 1975. Seniora visited Israel via Greece and met his Israeli agents in the USA and Europe…
 هام وخاص بصحيفة الشروق الجزائريّة نتمنى نشره يا جماهير المقاومة الكرام : فؤاد محمد السنيورة , عميل الموساد الاسرائيلي منذ عام 1974 , نشرت صحيفة الشروق الجزائرية تقريراً مهماً وخطيراً , وجاء في التقرير أن الضابط الاسرائيلي أهارون غولدبرغ , جند العميل الاسرائيلي , المدعو ” نـور ” في الملف رقم 345548 , وكان ذلك في العام 1974 , ويشير الملف الى الاسم الحقيقي للعميل الموسادي نور , وهو : فؤاد محمد السنيورة , رئيس وزراء لبنان الأسبق ,ويشير التقرير بوض…وح , الى ان العميل نور هو من كشف للاسرائيليين , عن تحركات الشهيد رفيق الحريري من البرلمان الى منزله , ويتهمه التقرير بالضلوع في عملية اغتيال الشهيد الحريري , وعملية اغتيال الضابط اللبناني في فرع المعلومات , وسام عيد , وقريبا ستكتشف الصحيفة أيضا ان السنيورة , له علاقة مباشرة باغتيال وسام الحسن ,ويضيف التقرير عن اجتماعات كثيرة وعديدة , تمت بين الاسرائيليين والسنيورة , في دول اوروبية وأمريكية , حتى ان التقرير يشير الى دخول السنيورة الى اسرائيل عن طريق اليونان ,هذا هو فؤاد محمد السنيورة , ” العميل الاسرائيلي نور “فؤاد السنيورة , الذي كانت دموعه في حرب تموز نتيجة الفشل , لعدم تمكن العميل نور , من اغتيال سماحة السيد نصرالله , أو لفشله بكشف مكان اقامة السيد نصرالله في الحرب مما سبب له الكثير من الضغوطات سياسيّا وعسكريّا بعد الكم الكبير لخسائر جيش العدو الاسرائيلي في الجنوب اللبناني براً وبحراً وجواً .See More

Note 4:  I Translated the Filka Report from Arabic

• عمل المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد بجهاز الموساد الإسرائيلي خلال الفترة 1970- 1989, تمكن المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد عبر طرق ثلاث من القيام بتجنيد فؤاد السنيورة الذي يتولى حالياً منصب رئيس الوزراء اللبناني.
• بعد تسريح المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد، فرض النائب العام الإسرائيلي عليه شرط عدم الخروج من إسرائيل.
• رواية تجنيد فؤاد السنيورة لدى الموساد الإسرائيلي تم تسريبها للصحافة عبر جلعاد لافيني، محامي الدفاع عن المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد.
– تفاصيل تجنيد الموساد للسنيورة: أبرز تسريبات المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد، صرح المحامي جلعاد لافيني، بأن موكله المقدم غولد بيرد ضابط الموساد السابق، كان خلال فترة عمله مسؤولاً عن تدريب ومتابعة العاملين في جهاز المخابرات الخارجي الإسرائيلي (الموساد) في لبنان، وقد تسلم آنذاك ملفاً يحمل اسم (نور)، ورقماً خاصاً به، وذلك من أجل القيام بالمتابعة والتدريب.
انتقل المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد إلى العاصمة اللبنانية بيروت عبر مطار باريس بجواز سفر فرنسي مزور (84/33455) وبعد وصوله إلى بيروت حجز لنفسه شقة مفروشة في منتزه عاليه بجبل لبنان، بعد ذلك اتصل بالعميل (نور) والذي اتضح أن اسمه الحقيقي هو فؤاد محمد السنيورة من مدينة صيدا.
وأشرف المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد على تدريب العميل (نور) على وسائل الاتصال والمراسلة الآمنة، وتقنية الجمع الاستخباري للمعلومات، وتضليل المحققين وكان ذلك في عام 1974م.
بعد ذلك، أشار المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد بأنه قابل العميل (نور) عدة مرات:
– المرة الأولى في إسرائيل عندما نقله الموساد الإسرائيلي سراً من اليونان إلى تل أبيب وكان ذلك في أواخر عام 1976.
– المرة الثانية في باريس.
– المرة الثالثة واستخدم فيها جواز سفر أردني مزور وكانت في عام 1977.
اللقاءات الثلاثة بين المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد كانت تهدف إلى:
• تقديم المزيد من التدريب
• متابعة تطور العميل (نور)
وأفاد المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد، بأنه شاهد فؤاد محمد السنيورة على شاشة التلفزيون، وعرف فوراً أن العميل (نور) قد استطاع أن يتغلغل بنجاح ويصل إلى منصب رئيس الوزراء اللبناني.
وقال المقدم أهارون ، بأنه يتذكر عندما كان (نور) يحضر إليه على الدوام، حاملاً بيده هدايا الحلوى اللبنانية الشهيرة باسم “عائلته” وكان يؤكد لمعلمه المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد بأن هذه الحلوى من صنع يده.
هدد المقدم أهارون غولد بيرد الحكومة الإسرائيلية قائلاً بأنه حالياً “لن يستمر –في كشف المزيد- وسيتوقف عند حدود كشف رئيس الوزراء اللبناني الحالي فؤاد محمد السنيورة الذي يعمل مجنداً لصالح دولة إسرائيل منذ عشرات السنوات.
كذلك أشار المقدم أهارون بأن المجند فؤاد محمد السنيورة , والذي أشرف على تدريبه، قد قدم خدمات لصالح إسرائيل بما يفوق قدرة أي مجند إسرائيلي على تقديمها، ويتمثل أبرز هذه الخدمات في الآتي:
• ما فعله علناً خلال حرب لبنان الثانية
[1]• ما فعله بعد الحرب من لقاءات شبه علنية في واشنطن وبيروت مع صحفيين وضباط ودبلوماسيين ووزراء إسرائيليين
[2] • ما فعله من وقوفه ضد حزب الله وقائده السيد حسن نصر الله وعموماً، بالنسبة لقرائنا الذين يريدون متابعة المزيد حول ملف “مجند الموساد (نور) 0 نقلا عن صحيفة الشروق اليومي الجزائرية
وقد نشر موقع “فيلكا إسرائيل” تقريراً أعده البروفيسور إيلياهو بنيسمون , المعروف بمعاداته للكيان الصهيوني ودعمه للفلسطينيين , بنيسمون نقل هو الآخر عن غولد برغ تورط السنيورة في مقتل رئيس الحكومة اللبنانية رفيق الحريري , مشيراً بالقول:
كانت نقطة أساسية من جهود كشف قضية مقتل الحريري تقوم على محاولة معرفة من هو الشخص المقرب منه و مشيراً إلى السنيورة , الذي أعلم القتلة بخط سير موكبه , ومن هو الذي أعطى القتلة إشارة توجه من البرلمان إلى منزله ساعة الاغتيال ؟؟ , بعض الملاحظين اتهم مسؤول أمنه السابق الذي لم يغب عن الموكب إلا يوم الاغتيال , والمعروف باسم وسام الحسن و والذي كوفئ من قبل فؤاد السنيورة على تقصيره في حماية سيده رفيق الحريري بأن عينه مسؤولاً عن أكبر جهاز أمن في لبنان , وهو فرع المعلومات الذي دعمته وقوته ومولته ودربته أمريكا وفرنسا وبريطانيا وعدة دول عربية.

Part 3. Civil war not Ended yet? This time around…No more Blemish
You may read this link to comprehending the context of the problem: https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2012/05/26/part-2-civil-war-didnt-end-yet-this-time-around/

Two campaigns were carried out on social platforms to get the Lebanese engaged against the waves of internal instability that are reminiscent of the mechanisms of previous civil wars.

The first campaign, followed by marches in England, was under the banner “Silence means consent. Shout: NO TO CIVIL WAR, NO TO SECTARIANISM”.  The petition to sign said:

“We are Lebanese citizens who want a peaceful, stable and secular Lebanon. We are not connected to any political party or sectarian group.

In light of the worrying recent events in Lebanon, we believe that time has come for the “silent majority” in Lebanon to speak up and shout: “NO TO CIVIL WAR, NO TO SECTARIANISM”.

Joanna Choukeir Hojeily was with Cedric Choukeir.

We call for:

• An “arm free” Lebanon

• A new law prohibiting the purchase or use of arms by civilians under any circumstances

• Civil peace to be guaranteed and reinforced by the government, the army and the security forces

• Unbiased and “non-sectarian” media coverage of the events as they unfold

• The prosecution of every individual who has directly or indirectly participated in the clashes and violent events of this past week in Lebanon

• Political leaders to seriously and actively stop arming their partisans and work towards containing the tension

• The civil society in Lebanon to take urgent action by lobbying, raising awareness, actively engaging in conflict prevention and starting peace initiatives targeting “at risk neighbourhoods

• Friends and family members of individuals involved in the violence to deter their loved ones from taking part in future clashes

Remember, silence means consent… so speak up!

The second campaignLebanon must have a War Free Zone…”
The two campaigns demonstrate the excellent intention of the majority of Lebanese to avoid another civil war and their serious engagement to confront the dark forces.
That is not enough: The professional dark forces are receiving the strong signal that the peaceful and secular communities in Lebanon are not aware of the mechanisms for starting a civil war and how to effectively prevent a planned civil war.
The slogan asking for a War Free Zone for the secular Lebanese is hilarious: As if the UN job is to allocate a region within Lebanon for those Lebanese who want to stay clear from the consequences of a civil war, instead of immigrating to better pastures…
The professional dark forces are trained using a textbook on “How to Start and sustain a civil war”. The key tactic in fomenting a civil war is to ease the youth into “shameful” activities, unaware of the gravity in the participating in these activities, and cow the youth into silence, during the war, and years after the war has ended.
Many die, feeling pretty reluctant into divulging how they participated in the slaughterhood and crimes against humanity.
My dad told me how at the beginning of the civil war in 1975, the local militia (the Kataeb, Phalanges) forced him and many other local middle-age men to carry old and non functional rifles, just to walk the streets at night in order to recognize “foreign elements” not from the village…My dad and his team used to hide when a car or a truck, loaded with loot from the port of Beirut, showed up: They preferred not to recognize the people and to be recognized…
Many youth, frankly opposed to the local militia ideology, were hoarded into military training camps: The peer pressure was enough to sending these youth into participating actively in the civil war.  The blemish projected by family members and friends for getting military training  was another factor into keeping the silence…
As the youth is immersed into this madhouse of ugly activities of humiliating people, getting used to drugs, and the feeling of illusory power…things get out of hand.
After the war, many militia fighters got nostalgic: They were no longer “cared for” and the feeling that everything was available and handy had vanished, and they had to fend for their daily survival…
It is about time that the “anti-war” in Lebanon start doing their due diligence in amassing materials on how civil wars start, are carried out, and who are those dark professionals returning to Lebanon, and naming names, and quickly getting mobilized against the slightest sectarian and feudal innuendo…
Best of all, get communities to meet, face to face, and let this human connection shred the myths of the sectarian leaders and clerics they weaved against” illusory enemies” to maintain their hold of the chattel…
 The US is sending the strong signal that it intends on pressuring Lebanon into policies that are against the Lebanese interest, otherwise, another round of civil disturbances is on the burners… For example:
1. Maura Connelly, US ambassador to Lebanon, was seen having lunch in Zahleh with engineer Richard Jraissati, former “Lebanese Forces” foreign contacts during the civil war. Is the US blatantly sending the strong message that the planning for another round of civil war in Lebanon has reached the preparation stage?
2. The “Bagman” Jeffrey Feltman, former US ambassador to Lebanon and soon to be transferred to the UN as assistant to foreign affairs policies position , visits frequently Lebanon. The visits precede by a few days the “US warns its citizens not to travel to Lebanon”. Feltman programs the destabilization of a country he was supposed to protect and insure its stability.
Feltman accompanies the visits of Zionist US Senators and Congressmen, like Joseph Lieberman who pay visits to North Lebanon in order to establish a Free Zone for the Syrian armed insurgents to start a civil war in Syria from a safe zone in Lebanon…
3. I am just finishing reading the column of Sarkis Naoum in the daily Al Nahar, who is conducting interviews with US politicians and policy makers. Naoum wrote that the US is studying and analizing every single piece of intelligence on Lebanese banking transactions with the Syrian regime, its business leaders, and with Iran and Hezbollah…If this is not a hot preparation to fomenting a civil war, what is it?
The worst part is that our Prime Minister Mikati divulged to the US representative a list of Syrian businessmen…Why? Mikati wanted to know if these businessmen (he is dealing with) are on a black list! The US is glad to investigate more names it didn’t have…
While the Lebanese are very worried of the resurgence of te civil war that never ended, Seth Sherwood posted on May 13 “The Urbanist’s Beirut: Contemporary art, notorious nightclubs, and Frenchified cafés…”
La Plage Beach Club on the Corniche Beirut.

(Photo: Paul Blackmore)

“While much of the Arab world has been blown apart by social upheaval, mass violence, and political turmoil, Beirut has been kicking back quietly on its Mediterranean perch, happy and astonished to be a spectator for once. (Even the New York Times recently hailed it a ­“haven amid turmoil.”)

By day, buzzing scooters and battered old Mercedes taxis honk their way along palm-lined boulevards, unimpeded by demonstrations. By night, their occupants stroll on the seaside Corniche, smoke water pipes in cafés, and indulge in the Lebanese capital’s legendary nightlife. But of course all is not rosy.

Neighboring Syria remains a battleground, to say the least. While there is a vibrant gay subculture, homosexual activity is technically illegal, and travelers with Israeli stamps in their passports can still be arrested and detained.

Tensions among rival ­politico-religious factions, some heavily armed, simmer under the surface. But a relative calm in recent years has prompted a development boom. Indeed, the razing of historical buildings to create luxury shopping malls has led some to decry the “Dubai-ification” of downtown Beirut. 

And a parallel blossoming in art, fashion, and gastronomy, propelling the famously bullet-riddled city to emerge as the Arab world’s creative center…”

For today, Lebanon needs urgently to prosecute the last phase of the unfinished civil war: Lebanon wants a Victor in order to establish a modern State.
 
For today, Lebanon needs urgently to prosecute the last phase of the unfinished civil war: After 65 years of a pseudo independence and pseudo State, and the impossibility of regular and gradual reforms for our political/social system, there will be a definite victor, this time around.
This time around the Lebanese want to securing a central State, engaged on the side of the people, the citizens.

adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

October 2019
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