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Queen Elizabeth II reign of Colonialism and neo-colonialism behaviors: Avoidable deaths of children

by Gideon Polya / September 21st, 2022

Queen Elizabeth II has died, and there is immense public affection for the Queen for her dignified but warm conduct in 70 years of dedicated service as a constitutional  monarch.

That affection is most marked among her pro-Apartheid Israel and hence pro-Apartheid British, Australian, Canadian and New Zealand Subjects, as well as among some other British Commonwealth loyalists.

However resolutely ignored is the Royal heading of British imperialism, slavery, colonialism, neo-colonialism, war and genocide for centuries up to the present.

The English have invaded 193 of the world’s present-day countries over the last 1,000 years, as compared to Australia 85, France 82, the US 72 (52 after WW2), Germany 39, Japan 30, Russia 25, Canada 25, Apartheid Israel 13, China 2, North Korea arguably zero, Iran zero and indeed most Developing Countries, zero.

These invasions, from the Normans invading England in  1066 to the UK-backed US devastation of the Muslim world in the 21st century, have often involved genocide that is defined by Article 2  of the UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide as “acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group.”

The most horrendously super-deadly, English-complicit  events (deaths in brackets) include the 16th-19th century onwards Amerindian Genocide in North and South America  (90 million deaths)  the 17th-19th century North American Indian Genocide (up to 18 million deaths), the  15th-19th century African Holocaust of the trans-Atlantic slave trade (6 million deaths), the 19th century Chinese Holocaust (20-100 million deaths),

And WW1 (1914-1918; 40 million deaths), the 1918-1920 Influenza epidemic (50-100 million deaths), WW2 (1939-1945, 90 million deaths) and the 2-century Indian Holocaust (1,800 million Indian deaths from violence and imposed deprivation under the British) that commenced with the 1769-1770 Great Bengal Famine (10 million deaths) and concluded just prior to Indian Independence with the British-imposed and Australia complicit but “forgotten” 1942-1945 WW2 Bengali Holocaust (WW2 Indian Holocaust, WW2 Bengal Famine; 6-7 million deaths).

While the 2-century British-imposed Indian Holocaust (1757-1947) was quantitatively the worst man-made atrocity in human history (1,800 million Indian deaths from violence and imposed deprivation), from a qualitative perspective the 1788 onwards Australian Aboriginal Genocide and Ethnocide was the worst such atrocity in human history. Of 350-700 Indigenous Australian languages and dialects in 1788 only 120 survive today, and of these all but 25 are endangered.

Queen Elizabeth II was Queen for 70 years,  from 1952-2022, and during that time the UK was regularly involved in wars that were horrendously deadly for the Indigenous people that the UK and its allies were attacking.

There are presently 15 countries having the Queen as head of state (UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Jamaica, Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Of these 15 countries only the 4 White Anglosphere countries (the UK, Australia, Canada and New Zealand) have been involved in invading other countries during the Queen’s reign (1952-2022).

Summary list of the last 70 years of egregious UK violence and prior impositions:

(1) Afghanistan (1838-2021); (2) Argentina (1806-1982); (3) Bahrain (1861-1971);(4) China (18th century onwards); (5) Cyprus (1878-1960);(6) Egypt (1882-1956);(7) Indonesia (1963-1965);(8) Iran (1914 onwards); (9) Iraq (1914 onwards); (10) Jordan (1918-1958); (11) Kenya (1884-1960); (12) Kiribati (1892 -1979); (13) Korean War (1950-1953); (14) Kuwait (1897-1961); (15) Libya (1943-2012); (16) Malaysia (1786-1960); (17) Mauritius (including the Chagos Archipelago, and Diego Garcia) (1810-onwards); (18) Nigeria (16th century – 1970); (19) Oman, 18th century-1971); Palestine (1917 onwards; Queen Elizabeth II never visited Apartheid Israel/Palestine); (21) Qatar (1868-1971); (22) Sierra Leone (16th century – 2000);(23) Somalia (1870- onwards); (24) South Africa (1795-1994) (25) Sri Lanka (Ceylon) (1798-1972); (26) Sudan (1881-1958); (27) Syria (1916 onwards); (28) Uganda (1890-1962) (29) United Arab Emirates (1892 – 1971); (30) Yemen (1839- onwards); and (31) Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) (1889-1980).

The worst circa 1952-2022 atrocities included (dates and deaths from violence and imposed deprivation in brackets):  

the Afghan Holocaust (2001-2021; 6 million)

Iraqi Holocaust (1990-2011; 6 million);

Indonesia (1965; 1 million);

Kenyan Genocide (1952-1960; 1.1 million);

Korean War (1950-1953; 5 million);

Libyan Genocide (2011-2012; 0.1 million);

Malayan Emergency (1950-1960; 1.0 million);  

Nigeria’s Biafran Genocide (1967-1970; 3 million);

ongoing UK-backed Palestinian Genocide (1916 onwards; 2.2 million);

Sierra Leone civil war (1991-2001; 1.1 million);

Somali Genocide (1990s onwards; 2 million);

Sri Lanka’s Tamil Genocide (1971-2009; 0.1 million);

Sudan civil war (1955-2005; 12 million);

Syrian Genocide (2012 onwards; 0.5 million);

Yemeni Genocide (2012 onwards; 0.4 million);

Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) (1965-1980; violent deaths 25,000 with excess mortality from deprivation of 0.7 million);

UK complicit, “US-imposed  post-9/11 Muslim Holocaust and Muslim Genocide” in 20 invaded countries (see my book of the same name): 32 million deaths from violence, 5 million, and imposed deprivation, 27 million.  

How many people died avoidably from imposed deprivation in countries variously occupied or otherwise impacted by the Queen-ruled UK in the post-WW2 era?

Whether a child is killed violently (by bombs, bullets, and bashing) or non-violently through avoidable deaths from imposed deadly deprivation (from war, colonialism, neo-colonialism and hegemony), the death is just as final and the perpetrators  just as guilty.

Avoidable deaths (excess deaths, deaths that should not have happened)  can be readily estimated from UN Population Division demographic data that have been made available and continually revised since 1950.

The summary data provided below are of 1950-2005  excess mortality/ 2005 population (both in millions, m) and expressed as a percentage (%); this ratio is given for the UK (as a major Occupier), for each country occupied, and as a total for all the countries subject to UK occupation.

The asterisk (*) below indicates a major occupation by more than one country in the post-WW2 era.

UK [4.411m/59.598m = 7.4%] – Afghanistan* [16.609m/25.971m = 64.0%], Bahamas [0.007m/0.321m = 2.3%], Bahrain [0.054m/0.754m = 7.2%], Bangladesh* [51.196m/152.593m = 33.6%], Barbados [0.015m/0.272m = 5.5%], Belize [0.014m/0.266m = 5.3%], Bhutan [0.908m/2.392m = 38.0%], Botswana [0.443m/1.801m = 24.6%], Brunei [0.020m/0.374m = 5.3%], Cameroon* [6.669m/16.564m = 40.3%], Cyprus [0.054m/0.813m = 6.6%]; Egypt* [19.818m/74.878m = 26.5%], Eritrea* [1.757m/4.456m = 39.4%], Ethiopia [36.133m/74.189m = 48.7%], Fiji [0.054m/0.854m = 6.3%], Gambia [0.606m/1.499m = 47.6%], Ghana [6.089m/21.833m = 27.9%], Greece* [0.027m/10.978m = 0.2%], Grenada* [0.018m/0.121m = 14.9%], Guyana [0.086m/0.768m = 11.2%], Hong Kong [0.125m/7.182m = 1.7%], India [351.900m/1096.917m = 32.1%], Iraq* [5.283m/26.555m = 19.9%], Israel [0.095m/6.685 = 1.4%], Jamaica [0.245m/2.701m =9.1%], Jordan* [0.630m/5.750m = 11.0%], Kenya [10.015m/32.849m = 30.5%], Korea* [7.958m/71.058m = 11.2%], Kuwait* [0.089m/2.671m = 3.3%], Lesotho [0.951m/1.797m =52.9%], Libya [0.785m/5.768m =13.6%], Malawi [6.976m/12.572m = 55.5%], Malaysia [2.344m/25.325m = 9.3%], Maldives [0.015m/0.338m = 4.4%], Malta [0.019m/0.397m = 4.8%], Myanmar [20.174m/50.696 = 39.8%], Nepal [10.650m/26.289m = 40.5%], Nigeria [49.737m/130.236m =38.2%], 

Occupied Palestinian Territories [0.677m/3.815m = 17.7%], Oman [0.359m/3.020m =11.9%], Pakistan [49.700m/161.151m = 30.8%], Qatar [0.029m/0.628m = 4.6%], Saint Lucia [0.012m/0.152m = 7.9%], Saint Vincent & Grenadines [0.018m/0.121m =14.9%], Sierra Leone [4.548m/5.340m = 85.2%], Singapore [0.113m/4.372m = 2.6%], Solomon Islands* [0.050m/0.504m = 48.5%], Somalia* [5.568m/10.742m =51.8%], Sri Lanka [0.951m/19.366m = 4.9%], Sudan [13.471m/35.040m = 38.4%], Swaziland [0.471m/1.087m = 43.3%], Tanzania [14.682m/38.365m =38.3%], Tonga [0.020m/0.106m = 18.9%], Trinidad & Tobago [0.052m/1.311m = 4.0%], Uganda [11.121m/27.623m = 40.3%], United Arab Emirates [0.087m/3.106m =2.8%], Vanuatu [0.037m/0.222m = 16.7%], Yemen [6.798m/21.480m = 31.6%], Zambia [5.463m/11.043m = 49.5%], Zimbabwe [4.653m/12.963m =35.9%], 

total = 727.448m/2247.711m = 32.4%.

The avoidable mortality (excess mortality) from deprivation for the whole world totaled 1.3 billion for the period 1950-2005, but that associated with countries variously occupied  by the UK in the post-WW2 era totalled 727 million or 56% of that in the whole world.

The excess mortality for the whole world during the reign of Queen Elizabeth II (1952-2022) totaled about 1.5 billion (including 1 billion under-5 deaths) with about 50% in countries variously occupied by the UK.

Thus about half of this post-1950 Global Avoidable Mortality Holocaust of 1,500 million people (including 1,000 million under-5 year old children) during the reign of Queen Elizabeth II can be attributed to British colonialism and neo-colonialism.

History ignored yields history repeated.

Presently 7.4 million people die avoidably from deprivation each year (5.3 million being under-5 infants) on Spaceship Earth with endlessly greedy First World One Percenters in charge of the flight deck.

However it is predicted that in the absence of requisite action a worsening Climate Genocide  may kill 10 billion people this century en route to a sustainable human population of only 1 billion by 2100 (see Gideon Polya, “Climate Crisis, Climate Genocide & Solutions”).1

Why all these wars?

For a “leader” to sustain a standing army, the army has to be kept on the Move, when the “brass” (high officers) start feeling restless for actions (at the expense of the soldiers).

Throughout history, researchers should re-focus their studies on the main factor that pressured any “leader” to get his standing army on the move.

Against all rational basis, especially in period of peace and validity of treaties that insured stability and economic development, you are told that armies broke all good treaties and invaded and attacked neighboring “Kingdoms”.

Most leaders fear to upset the higher echelon brass in their standing army and the possibilities of being replaced by someone in the kingdom in an army coup.

The best alternative is to please the army and get it on the move, for any reason he is pressured to agree upon.

The Greek, the Roman, Attila the Huns, the Mogul, the Timur Lank, the British Empire, the Napoleon, the Hitler, the Stalin, Japan empire, USA empire… all behaved the same way.

The narrative says that Napoleon lost 300,000 soldiers (killed, injured and handicapped) in every military campaign that he undertook.

Even Saudi monarch Abdul Aziz decided to have a standing army while just one of the Emirs in the Arabic Peninsula.

Sure, then for a total population of less than 2 million on all his land, Abdul Aziz could Not afford a big standing army with scarce resources in taxes from annexed tribes (before the extraction of oil).

Abdul Aziz needed just about 300 mounted fighters, ready at an instant decision and notice, to annex most of the tribes. He would drive for days and nights, non-stop in order for the enemy Not to receive any advanced messengers of his coming.

Many of the fighters fell on the road out of exhaustion, but that was the cost of annexing other antagonistic tribes who refused the Wahhabi brand of Islam.

Abdul Aziz waged many wars on many fronts, one front at a time, when he sensed that the brass of his army felt restless from the peace period and wanted “actions” as customs required.

This future monarch was already the most powerful Emir and most feared by most Emirs, and conquered the land in the eastern region of Assir and Taef… in the south and northers region close to Iraq, Jordan and Syria.

He advanced toward southeast Jordan and quickly withdrew: He was smart enough Not to antagonize the British who has set their plan of a mandated created Jordan.

Once the dust of WW1 settled, and Hussein of Mecca, who enjoyed vast diplomatic connections with the colonial powers, decided to proclaim himself the caliph of all the Moslems… that was the last straw for Abdul Aziz to decide of getting rid of this Kureich family in Mecca and western Arabia.

In 1919, Abdul Aziz attacked Hussein and killed about 4,500 of Hussein fighters.

As the colonial powers recognized Abdul Aziz as the most powerful Emir, the Wahhabi fighters invested Medina and Mecca and ousted the Hashemi dynasty.

Hussein boys were rewarded with created Kingdoms: Abdullah was inaugurated as monarch over Jordan and assassinated in 1949. Faisal was set a monarch over Iraq and assassinated in 1958, with all his family.

It is a great decision to establish Frequent turnover of the brass in an army: kind of let them demonstrate their wrath by marching as Veterans and demanding to punish an imaginary enemy.

Note 1: I have posted many articles on the Wahhabi religious sect and the Saudi Kingdom and how the monarchs were pressured to “export” their extremist elements to Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Yemen and Syria.

The extremist occupation of Mecca in 1979 was the alarm signal to open the valve for the internal “Wahhabi Uk-houwan” militia, the “moral” institution.

Note 2: Abdul Aziz “eliminated” the veteran leaders of his army (Al Uk-huwan) at the order of the British because those fighters were too extremist in their Wahhabi doctrine and were ready to demolish al Kaaba as symbol of idolatry as well as the tomb of the Prophet in Medina

Note 3: Ibrahim Basha of Egypt lead a vast military campaign against this Wahhabi tribe and defeated them and ransacked their Capital. The British later supported this tribe with weapons and funds.

In the 20th century, most developed Nation-Islands, like England and Japan, experienced overpopulation due to advanced health care, drastic drop in mortality and vaccines… and observed that their agricultural economy could Not sustain such an increase, unless they incur sovereign dept for importing foodstuff..

They tried many schemes and conceived many plans on how to reduce the increasing number of citizens for lack of foodstuff and subsistence.

England in the 20th century struck a deal with its colony Australia: it dispatched over 150,000 kids (below 10 years old) to Australia, to be handled by missionaries who abused of them as slave-children… The rational was that these kids lived in abject conditions in poor neighborhood and their families were in no conditions to provide the Nation with healthy and Law-abiding citizens.

Why just kids and Not young adult who defied laws? They would be used invariably as canon feed in due time on all war fronts.

In other centuries, England dispatched its “shameful pseudo-citizens” to colonies as white slaves for having stolen anything from the higher classes… And all these families that got tired of being considered by Law as slaves in the coal mines, all the family, including the kids

Japan, after quelling the Samurai frequent civil wars traditions, discovered that annexing overseas lands is a great outlet for transferring its overflowing population of lower classes citizens.

Occupying all of Korea without much hassle, after defeating Russia in 1906, and encouraged Imperial Japan to annex all the islands in East Asia, and land nations in China, Malaysia, Thailand…

China of Mao experienced many famine periods that decimated the population.

“Historians” would claim that these famine periods were due to ill-conceived decisions in matter of economic/agricultural plans…

I say these decisions were “lucid and genocidal” plans for the upper-echelon in the communist party to enjoy luxury lifestyle and many privileges. The upper-ups wallowed in their secure Island-Nation, away from the infighting of the other colonial powers.

Sure, China of Mao had to secure its “borders” in North Korea, Tibet, Manchuria…at the heavy cost of man-powers, especially on the Russian front, by the millions of soldiers.

Later, China will impose constraint on rate of natality, favoring ever higher increase in “boys”, like in India.

A Universal Fact: We are “wasting our time“, waiting for the Time to come, hopefully with the least of pain. We rely on a daily routine to avoid any suicidal urge for the duration. And when the Time come, a total oblivion of who we were and what we have done

Si les interets des dettes des pays sous-developes etaient au meme niveau des pays coloniaux, il n’y aurait plus de guerre. Ce n’est pas ce que veulent les coloniaux .Colonial powers loan each other at 3% and the underdeveloped States have to borrow above 6%

The Bibles are not famous for historical accuracies: they were not written by the dozens of scribes for that purpose.

The Bibles are excellent sources as repositories of the customs and traditions in the Near East, which are still practiced for over six thousand of years.

I say: social sciences are meant to comprehend History. Once we think we can interpret history, we start re-editing social sciences principles

For most of us, we still be using the technology that was used 50 years ago., if still available on the market. Even the richest people will use the same kind of chairs, desks, utensils, beds… with redesigns slightly different.

There are 200,000 foreign domestic workers in Lebanon alone (Taking care of the house and children) mostly from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Africa , and we complains of working Syrians and Palestinians. The pandemics and the conditions have forced many domestic workers to vacate Lebanon. The Syrian families are now taking care of Lebanese vacated houses.

Lumper-proletariat? Proletariat a guenilles des bidonvilles, shantytowns, the most abject extreme poor

L’ intellectuel communist a une idee precise de ses propre sous-classes qui le terrorise.

I guess Lebanon Communists are the most frightened of the ever increased number of Lebanon Lumper-proletariat

There is No longer enough concrete Capital (real production and export…) in order to negotiate any “peace treaty”.

Yes, China, and in a few decades India, will dominate the global economy.

Lebanon will already have vanished from the maps. As Google made Palestine vanish from the map.

Why all these wars?
For a “leader” to sustain a standing army, the army has to be kept on the Move, when the “brass” (high officers) start feeling restless for actions (at the expense of the soldiers).

Frequent turnover of the brass leave them to demonstrate their wrath by marching as Veterans

A novel needs characters, actions, easy dialogue…
Yes, life is a novel during the active periods
No, it is Not when we are left on our own, isolated, “stressless”.
It is an ideal period in older age to write theater pieces of plenty of dialogue, of us looking inside our soul.

This narrative is based on the memoires of leaders who cannot write and try their best to sweeten their shameful “feats”.

These memoires never seriously condemn any Israeli war of occupation campaigns, especially the hateful slaughter-hood in Lebanon and denying the citizens in West Beirut of water and bread for over a month. And bombing entire high rises with all their occupants.

Mind you that after the retreat of the Multinational forces of USA, France and Italy, Israel entered the civilian Palestinian camps of Sabra and Shatila: 1,900 Lebanese and 4,000 Palestinians were killed and a few thousands vanished.

نبيل الخوري Nabil Khoury. Sept. 26, 2022

ماذا يقول الأميركيّون عن الاجتياح الإسرائيلي للبنان عام 1982?

إذا أراد الأميركيون أن يتغنّوا بإنجازاتهم الدبلوماسية في تاريخ العلاقات الدولية، يمكنهم إدراج دورهم خلال الاجتياح الإسرائيلي للبنان وحصار بيروت في العام 1982، ضمن قائمة تلك الإنجازات.

حينها، طبّق الأميركيون ذلك المبدأ الذي يقول إن الدبلوماسية تأتي لتحلّ ما تعجز القوّة العسكرية عن حلّه وحدها.

أرسلت الإدارة الأميركية مبعوثها، فيليب حبيب، في مهمة هدفها المباشر التوصل إلى اتفاق وقف إطلاق النار.

لكنّ هدفها الأساسي كان يتمثل في وضع حد للوجود الفلسطيني المسلح في لبنان، أي خروج «منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية» وياسر عرفات من بيروت.

في صيف 1982، كان الجيش الإسرائيلي يُفْرِط في استخدام القوة.

أما فيليب حبيب، فكان يفاوض بحزم وبدم بارد، ونجح.

عرفات ومقاتلوه غادروا لبنان إلى تونس. وهذا نجاح لا يُنسَب لحبيب وبراعته التفاوضية فحسب، بل للدبلوماسية الأميركية ككل.

قصة هذا النجاح يرويها أولئك الذين كانوا في مركز صنع القرار الأميركي. أبرزهم الرئيس رونالد ريغان، في مذكراته عنوان An American Life، الصادرة سنة 1990، ووزير الخارجية الذي استقال خلال الاجتياح، ألكساندر هيغ، في كتاب له صدر سنة 1984 بعنوان Caveat: Realism, Reagan and Foreign Affairs، إضافةً إلى جورج شولتز الذي حلّ محل هيغ، والذي يستفيض بالحديث عن مرحلة الاجتياح وما بعده في مذكراته بعنوان Turmoil and Triumph: My Years as Secretary of State، التي صدرت سنة 1993.

موقف دفاعيّ أميركيّ

في محاولة لتجنُّب تهمة الانحياز الأعمى لصالح إسرائيل، يؤكد هيغ أنّ واشنطن طلبت من إسرائيل، في أواخر أيار 1982، عدم القيام بتدخّل عسكري في لبنان، لكنّ تل أبيب رفضت الانصياع لهذا الطلب الأميركي.

ويروّج هيغ لهذا الرفض باعتباره إثباتاً على أن واشنطن غير قادرة على منع الهجوم الإسرائيلي الذي كانت حكومة مناحيم بيغن تعتزم شنّه إذا تعرضت إسرائيل لاستفزاز واضح عبر الحدود أو في جميع أنحاء العالم.

وهو ما حصل عندما حاولت مجموعة فلسطينية تابعة لأبو نضال اغتيال سفير تل أبيب بلندن في 3 حزيران 1982. فاستخدمت إسرائيل هذه العملية  كذريعة لاجتياح لبنان.

الخطاب الأميركي حافظ على منطقه الدفاعي، حتى بعد بدء الاجتياح في 6 حزيران 1982.

المدافع هذه المرة هو الرئيس نفسه: رونالد ريغان. واشنطن تعترف بحق إسرائيل في الدفاع عن الحدود، لكن ريغان يؤكد أنه لم يكن يوافق على غزو لبنان، على الرغم من إبلاغه بعد بدئه بأن هدف العملية يتمثل في إبعاد قوات «منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية» 40 كيلومتراً عن حدود إسرائيل.

في نظر ريغان، يتحمل خصم الولايات المتحدة في الحرب الباردة، أي الاتحاد السوفياتي، مسؤولية ما جرى.

يروي الرئيس الأميركي كيف قال لنظيره، ليونيد بريجنيف، إن الاتحاد السوفياتي مسؤول إلى حد كبير عن الأزمة الحالية في الشرق الأوسط، لعدم دعمه اتفاق كامب ديفيد (اتفاق السلام بين مصر وإسرائيل سنة 1978) ولأنه لم يستخدم نفوذه على سوريا ومنظمة التحرير الفلسطينية من أجل تحقيق الاستقرار في لبنان الذي كان غارقاً في حرب أهلية دامية منذ سنة 1975.

لكنّ كلام المسؤولين الأميركيين عن رفض فكرة الاجتياح، هو مجرد موقف دبلوماسي صوريّ. فالتعبير الرسمي عنه لا يعني أن واشنطن كانت تعارض أهدافه. بل على العكس،

كان لدى الأميركيين تصوّر عام حول الوضع اللبناني، منذ العام 1981، حددوا في إطاره جملة أهداف، أولها تحييد المسلحين الفلسطينيين في لبنان، ثم انسحاب الجيش السوري، ومساعدة الدولة اللبنانية على إعادة بسط سيادتها على كامل أرضها، ‎وتنظيم انتخابات رئاسية لبنانية في العام 1982، «متحررة» من الهيمنة السورية.

وهي أهداف تتقاطع مع ما كانت تتوق إليه قوى اليمين، أو ما يعرف بـ«الجبهة اللبنانية». هكذا، تعاملت الدبلوماسية الأميركية مع الاجتياح الإسرائيلي بوصفه عملاً لا يمكن المصادقة عليه رسمياً، لكن يمكن الاستفادة منه ضمنياً لتحقيق أهداف السياسة الأميركية إذا أمكن. 

واشنطن تتبنّى ضمنيّاً الاجتياح

لا يخفي ريغان وجود هذه النيّة في مذكراته، ما يفسّر انتقاله من سياسة دفاعية إلى أخرى هجومية. ويعترف الرئيس الأميركي بأنّ الولايات المتّحدة استفادت من المناخ السائد إلى حد كبير في لبنان ولدى بعض قادة هذا البلد، المؤيدين ضمنياً للاجتياح، كفرصة لإنهاء الوجود الفلسطيني المسلح على أرضهم.

لذلك، اعتبر أنّ على الولايات المتّحدة انتهاج تكتيك لا تجبر بموجبه إسرائيل على التراجع. لكن ريغان يكشف في مذكراته أن هذا التكتيك الأميركي لم يكن معلناً بل مضمراً.

طُبّق هذا التكتيك تحديداً خلال حصار بيروت.

وهنا يروي وزير الخارجية، هيغ، أن الإسرائيليين أبلغوا الأميركيين بأنهم لا ينوون الدخول إلى بيروت الغربية فعلاً، لكنهم يريدون الاستمرار بالتهديد بغزوها ومواصلة الضغط العسكري من أجل إجبار منظمة التحرير على الخروج من بيروت، أو إفهامها بأنها إذا لم تفاوض على خروجها وإنْ لم تقبل بالشروط الإسرائيلية، فإن مصيرها سيكون التصفية الكاملة.

أدركت واشنطن جيداً هذا التكتيك الإسرائيلي الذي يبعث الأمل في تحقيق السلام، على حد قول هيغ، ويتيح فرصة استعادة السيادة اللبنانية. 

رغم الطابع الضمني لهذا التصرف الأميركي، فإنّ منطق التلويح المستمرّ بالقوة للحصول على استسلام «مذلّ» للفلسطينيين، لاقى معارضة عربية، مصرية وسعودية خصوصاً.

وكان ألكساندر هيغ يمثل ذلك الخط المتشدد في الإدارة الأميركية، أي الأكثر تماهياً مع السياسة الإسرائيلية خلال حصار بيروت. فتمّت التضحية به لصالح جورج شولتز المعروف بقربه من مجموعات المصالح الأميركية النفطية في دول الخليج.

التفاوض على إخراج الفلسطينيّين

تبديل الأشخاص لا يعني عادةً تغييراً جذرياً في السياسة الخارجية الأميركية.

مع استلام شولتز منصبه لم يتغير موضوع المفاوضات: خروج المسلحين الفلسطينيين من بيروت. لكن الإدارة الأميركية وافقت على تقديم ضمانات لتأمين انسحاب هؤلاء من بيروت بشكل «مشرّف» والحفاظ على كرامتهم.

هكذا، وبعد أقل من شهر على بدء الاجتياح، وافقت منظمة التحرير على الشرط الإسرائيلي. وأبلغت فيليب حبيب، عبر وسيط لبناني، في 2 تموز، أنها اتخذت قراراً مبدئياً بقبول الاقتراح الأميركي بشأن إخراجها من لبنان. لكنها طلبت أن يجد الأميركيون مكاناً لتذهب إليه، بحسب ما يروي شولتز في مذكراته.

انتزع الأميركيون إذاً تنازلاً استراتيجياً من ياسر عرفات. لكنهم واجهوا صعوبة في إيجاد وجهة للمقاتلين الفلسطينيين بعد انسحابهم المرتقب من بيروت. 

يشير شولتز إلى أن دمشق والرياض اقترحتا في البداية إعادة انتشار القوات الفلسطينية في لبنان، أي إعادة تمركزها في البقاع والشمال. لكنّ فكرةً كهذه كان محكوماً عليها بالفشل بسبب رفض لبنان وإسرائيل لها، على حد قول شولتز. بعد ذلك،

بحثت واشنطن عن بلدان عربية مستعدة لحل مشكلة استقبال عرفات ومقاتليه. كان السعوديون يرفضون

إجلاء الفلسطينيين إلى اليمن خوفاً من أن يؤدي ذلك إلى زعزعة الاستقرار في منطقة الخليج.

أما الولايات المتحدة، ف تكن تريد أن تنتقل منظمة التحرير إلى دولة «متطرفة»، لذلك كانت ترحب بخيار تونس التي وافقت على استقبال الفلسطينيين، كون تونس دولة عربية «معتدلة»، على حد تعبير شولتز.

في النصف الأول من شهر آب 1982، كان فيليب حبيب يضع اللمسات الأخيرة على خطة خروج منظمة التحرير من بيروت. وهو خروج اتفق على أن يتم بحماية قوات متعددة الجنسيات بمشاركة الجيوش الأميركية والفرنسية والإيطالية. لكن في المقابل، كانت إسرائيل تصعّد قصفها لبيروت الغربية، في خطوة أثارت سخط الأميركيين.

ريغان لبيغن: هذا «هولوكوست»

يقرّ الرئيس الأميركي ريغان، بأن تكثيف القصف الإسرائيلي دفعه إلى التلويح بحدوث تغيير جذري في العلاقة بين إسرائيل والولايات المتحدة إذا لم توقف إسرائيل القصف غير المتكافئ.

كان الأميركيون يعارضون العمليات الانتقامية الإسرائيلية واسعة النطاق رداً على انتهاك الفصائل الفلسطينية اتفاق وقف إطلاق النار. وكانوا يعارضون قطع المواد الغذائية والمياه عن بيروت الغربية.

الحجة الأميركية تتلخص بأنه إذا كانت التدابير الإسرائيلية ستجبر فيليب حبيب على التفاوض بشأن مسائل الماء والغذاء، وعلى إعادة التفاوض بشأن وقف إطلاق النار، فلن يتمكن عندها من إنجاز المفاوضات حول خروج منظمة التحرير من بيروت.

هنا يروي ريغان أن حبيب اقترح فرض عقوبات على إسرائيل إذا لم توقف القصف وتنسحب وترفع الحظر عن الغذاء والماء. كذلك، حضّه شولتز ومسؤولون آخرون على ممارسة ضغط أكبر على إسرائيل. 

لكنّ ريغان تردّد ثم رفض هذا الخيار، واكتفى بتحذير بيغن من تعرض العلاقات الثنائية للخطر ما لم يتوقف القصف.

لم يرضخ الإسرائيليون. واصلوا التصعيد إلى أن صبّ ريغان جام غضبه على بيغن بعد القصف العنيف الذي نفذه الجيش الإسرائيلي في 12 آب. فالرئيس لم يكتفِ بالتلويح مجدداً وفي نبرة أكثر جدية بورقة العلاقات الثنائية، بل شبّه ما يحصل في بيروت الغربية بالهولوكوست، آملاً في إقناع بيغن بوضع حد للتصعيد.

في المحصلة، قطعت مهمة فيليب حبيب شوطاً كبيراً بعد 14 آب. وتم الإعلان رسمياً عن خطته لإجلاء المسلحين الفلسطينيين من بيروت في 20 آب، لتنتهي العملية في مطلع أيلول.

تكلّلت مهمة حبيب بالنجاح إذاً. توقف إطلاق النار وغادر عرفات والفدائيون إلى تونس، ثم انسحبت القوات متعددة الجنسيات من بيروت، بعد انتخاب بشير الجميل رئيساً للجمهورية بدعم إسرائيلي ولكن بدعم أميركي أيضاً.

هكذا، تكون الدبلوماسية الأميركية قد سجلت إنجازاً لا يمكن إنكاره في سجلها. حتى ولو أثبتت الأحداث اللاحقة أن هذا الإنجاز كان ظرفياً ومؤقتاً، لأنه بعد ذلك، اغتيل بشير الجميل، ودخل لبنان في دوامة عنف جديدة، لم ينجح الأميركيون هذه المرّة في تجنبها، وفشلوا لاحقاً في إيقافها. ولم يتمكنوا من إجبار الجيشين الإسرائيلي والسوري على الانسحاب من لبنان.

نشيد الشجرة

Hanna Habib Farha (7anna 7abib Far7at) posted on Fb this song that as children, in Marje3youn, their teacher Labib Gholmiyyi made them sing outside during the Tree Day celebration and planting a few trees too

انا حابب ارجع لإيام الطفولة لما معلمنا مدير كلية مرجعيون الوطنية الاستاذ لبيب غلمية في عيد الشجرة كان يخرجنا من الصفوف لنذهب ونحتفل بعيد الشجرة ,

نزرع بعض الأشجار وننشد نشيد الاديب الكبير محمد يوسف ..

جنةٌ في وطني

من صباح الزمنِِ

تملأُ الارضَ اخضرارا

والسموات افترارا

بالشجر..يتعالى في الهواء

والثمر..يتلالا كالضياء

ما أحبَّ الشجرا

يمنح الدنيا شباباً أخضرا

وربيعاً وثماراً سكرا


من جدودي الأُوَِلِ

هذه الآفاق لي

ما أعزَّ الأرز فيها

يزرع الأجيال تيها

والزهور..تتهادى بالجمال

والطيور..تتنادى في الظلال

ما أعزَّ الشجرا

يمنح الدنيا شباباً أخضرا

وربيعاً أنورا وثماراً سكرا


إن لبنان لنا

لبنينا بعدنا

فازرعوا الآمالَ فيهِ

شجراً يُحيي بنيه

والخيال..يتحلّى في هواه

والغلال..تتجلّى في جناه

ما أُحَيْلى الشجرا

يمنح الدنيا شباباً أخضرا

وربيعاً أنورا وثماراً سكرا


حنا حبيب فرحة


From 1918 to 1923, European Nations refused to recognize the Bolshevik State in Russia.

The consequences were:

Japan occupation of all of Korea was ignored. Not confronting further colonial expansion encouraged Japan to undertake the vastest and quickest maritime and land expansionist adventure in the Far-East neve experienced in history. And When Japan occupied Manchuria and the USA backed China, and japan ignored the decisions of the “international” Union of States, this institution fate was sealed.

Mussolini of Italy colonial expansion in Libya was Not challenged, a case when socialist initial ideology can turn dictatorial and colonial without political refraining pressures.

Beside, the colonial powers after WW1, Not only did Not change their expansionist mentality and unilateral decisions overseas, but their activities were precursors of further wars, against people who expected a change in world policies, a reforms on how to treat other Non-colonial and subjugated populations.

France of Poincare’ PM was the main obstacle for any peaceful understanding in Europe.

France adopted a hard militaristic political line against defeated Germany. France occupied the Ruhr region, rich in mineral and industrial installation for fabricating steel, against the opposition of England, Italy and USA.

The backlash of Poincare’ reactionary and military policies generated the following events:

A massive election turn toward the “socialist” movements. England and France elected the socialist goals in:

  1. Recognizing the new Soviet Russia
  2. Re-evaluating the war German retribution that would be commensurate to its economic development
  3. Adopting a financial program to help Germany surmount its miserable currency conditions

On May 11, 1923, Poincare’ and Millerand were defeated in election and replaced by Heriot and Doumergue

The Liberal and leftist radicals in England elected Macdonald.

The war retribution were re-negotiated according to Dawns report so that Germany would pay 350,000 gold marks in 1925 and 26. The total would amount to over 2 billion gold marks.

Germany was allowed to open trade facilities and running freely its industrial complexes, and especially Not interfering in its internal policies.

After the death of Lenin, Stalin stroke a deal with Germany: Republic Germany would dispatch its engineers to Russia and import cheap wheat. In exchange, Germany would be allowed to train its armed forces in Ukraine and produce its own ammunition and weapons and “cracking down” on German “Communist-leaning” parties

Stalin encouraged the German Republic to eliminate the communist and left-leaning German party so that the European States and USA could stop the advances of the Communist movement in Germany, France, England, Italy and the USA. This deal “benefited” Germany and Stalin.

Republic Germany needed the funds of capitalist colonial powers and Stalin had the mind of Monopolizing the ideology of Communist globally. Stalin did Not want powerful European variations on his brand of Communism

That is how to comprehend the involvement of Stalin in Spain and confronting all these “left-leaning” parties and by the Spanish communist party, those diverse parties who united to fight Franco.

This is how Germany was able to maintain its political structure and pay up its war debts

Still France insisted that Germany should be labelled a war criminal in order that the colonial powers be forgotten as the perpetrators of war criminals in the last 3 centuries.

Note: In 1923, Antoun Saadi published a series of articles in the daily Al Majalat (In Brazil) that analyzed in details the situation in Europe after WW1 and how Germany was handled in war retribution and internal intervention .

Saadi sharp deductive mind forecasted many events that will befall Europe and the world, based on the policies of the European States and a most probable war of Germany on France.

In one of his article, Saadi denounced the USA of falling in the rank of “Moral Standard” and friendly Nations due to its initial new spirit of supporting egalitarian justice and will of people for self autonomy and emancipation…

The USA took the opposite reaction by siding with the colonial powers and letting France and England become mandated powers in the Middle-East and allowing Mussolini to occupy Libya and Ethiopia.

A sharp deductive mind, based on facts and reality, can forecast future events. The single assumption is that you know exactly the Initial Conditions of the political texture

I claim that it is AIPAC, the Zionist lobby in the USA, that is the main hub for international criminal activities.

The members pay to the AIPAC Fund and the directors “lavish” this fund to the political candidates to direct USA policies

Actually, I conjecture that the top brass in the Pentagon are selected by AIPAC, the military branch to enforce the political decisions around the world.

Au Liban, le Vice s’appuie sur le bras du Crime. They both work in tandem and it is the common behavior among politicians

Ce sont les vicieux qui entendent profiter des tripotage d’argent du pouvoir politique et qui sont protégés par les criminels du pouvoir pour voler le trésor publique.

Most of all, we fail to invest in the second step after nailing down the knowledge and the techniques: just a little more effort to turn the good work into a habit, a daily routine.

La pensee’ n’ a pas de sang: on ne la voit pas mourir, sauf quand le Maitre succombe, sans heritier.

It would be great to be frequently indecisive: It implies the availability of choices at each moment. I like to beat the Maktoub concept

And what happens to all these zillion stimuli that our senses capture but the brain failed, or decided Not to process and interpret?

That’s the basic job of the brain to lead us away from the other invisible world we live in, and just procreate?

Lebanese Movie directors (late and current):

Jordano Pidutti (1932, Les aventures d’Elias Mabrouk,

Herta Gargour (1933, Dans les ruines de Baalbek,

Karam Boustani and Julio de Luca and Georges Costi, Ali al -Aris (Kawkab, princesse du desert),

Georges Nassar (Ila Ayn? To where?),

Mohamed Selman (Bonjour l’amour),

Taysir Abboud, Gary Garabedian, Christian Ghazi, Henry Barakat, Youssef Maaluf, Samir Nasri, Antoine Remi, Georges Chamchoun, Samir Khoury, Samir el Ghoussayni, Borhane Alawiyyeh, Joselyne Saab, Jean Cham3oun, Joseph Fares, Randa Chahal Sabbagh, Maroun Baghdadi, Samir Habchi, Jean-Claude Codsi, Bahij Hojeij, Ghassan Salhab, Khalil and Joanna Jreige, Philip Aractingi, Elie Khalifeh, Hany Tamba, Hadj Zaccak, Danielle Arbid, Nadine Labaki

Les guerres une fois que USA commencent, ne finissent jamais. C’est le mantra de USA: ils ne finissent jamais les guerres qu’ils commencent.

And the war in Syria is meant, planned and designed to be indefinite. Even the military retreat from Afghanistan is Not meant to end the war there.

Inutile de chercher si la mondialization est bonne ou mauvaise? Simplement parcequ’ elle est une realite ineluctable?

A totally crappy conclusion that intellectuals voluntarily disseminate to fool us into submission.

Civil disobedience?

This is the hardest movement/action that citizens can undertake. Just take a minute and figure out how this government in Lebanon is still surviving from your pocket cash. If you don’t care about participating in demonstrations, marches, expressing your frustration… At least don’t pay. Honest people stop paying TVA. Drivers stop driving and paying for gasoline. Stop paying traffic tickets… Drive slowly and let these elite fanatics horn and bypass you and get the traffic tickets instead of you. Rob this government from ready cash and then demand your rights as a citizen

Accounting colonial powers gimmick:

The strategy is to drastically under-value the US sovereign debt.

The way this debt is handled: Accumulated Interest on USA Federal Reserve Note (in the $ ten of trillion) set the price of national debt.

Charles Dickens ushered a period of humanism in British society to counter Shakespeare’s characters based on instincts of pure brutality. The spirit of Dickens failed to reach the USA, even today.

Natural product Is Not every citizen’ asset

National debt is every person’s liability, excluding the elite classes.

Is Lebanon practically entitled to issue its own currency? The currency that we Print in London…is it limited to the amount that the World bank allow us to print? Why having a currency if we are unable to provide the necessary liquidity for our tiny internal market, a market that is Not expanding anyway?

A time should come Not to say what we are supposed to say, but how we sincerely feels: Like every time one of those super corrupt “leaders” are in their deathbed before they passe away. More likely, the news will Not mention this imminent “relief” and their descendants will Not restitute their robbed wealth: transformed into whitewashed Family Old Money

Note: Julia Haart (a former Hassidic Jew) at Elite World Group modeling is responsible for denying Palestinians women from modeling jobs. Few modeling agencies in the US.

Nur Ayoubi

18 August 2022

Dutch-Palestinian supermodel Bella Hadid has said she is unafraid to lose modelling jobs in order to continue her support for Palestine, days after she revealed that her advocacy had caused some companies to stop working with her.

Dutch-Palestinian supermodel Bella Hadid has said she is unafraid to lose modelling jobs in order to continue her support for Palestine, days after she revealed that her advocacy had caused some companies to stop working with her.

In a joint interview with Egyptian-American actor Ramy Youssef for GQ magazine, the 25-year-old model opened up about her Muslim and Arab heritage and her continued support for the Palestinian cause. 

‘I had so many companies that stopped working with me… I have friends that completely dropped me’

– Bella Hadid

Hadid is the daughter of Palestinian real-estate developer Mohamed Hadid and Dutch model Yolanda Hadid and is often lauded as being one of the most outspoken celebrities advocating for Palestine.

In the interview, Hadid referenced her parent’s divorce in 2000 when she relocated to California and felt that she was “extracted” from her Palestinian side of the family.

“For so long I was missing that part of me, and it made me really, really sad and lonely,” she said, talking of her Arab heritage. 

“I would have loved to grow up and be with my dad every day and studying and really being able to practice [Islam], just in general being able to live in a Muslim culture,” Hadid says. “But I wasn’t given that.”

Despite her detachment from her Palestinian family, Hadid says she is proud of her heritage and often uses her platform as a tool to raise awareness about the Israeli occupation. She also spends time thinking about her family and what they endured. 

“I speak about [this stuff] for the elderly that are still living there that have never been able to see Palestine free, and for the children that can still grow up and have a beautiful life.”

Her father’s family fled Palestine in 1948 during the Nakba or “the Catastrophe” when Zionist militias expelled more than 700,000 Palestinians from historic Palestine and destroyed some 500 villages to make way for the creation of Israel.

At the time, Mohamed Hadid became a refugee in Syria, losing his family home in Safad to a Jewish family.

The Nakba, day of catastrophe for Palestinians, explained

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October 2022

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