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The Jewish community excommunicates Jews who support Palestinian freedom and rights

And I also made my choice: if excommunication is the cost of supporting Palestinian rights, bring it on. And to the extent Jewishness is important to me, which it still is, I am proud to have an outlaw Jewish community of friends”.

BY PHILIP WEISS.

When you are Jewish and come out as an anti-Zionist, you get excommunicated.

That is how the Jewish community works to support Israel. The Jewish community says directly, “You may choose your community or what you call your sense of ethics”.

And if you persist, forget about your community, because Jewish life as we know it is committed to supporting Israel, the miraculous achievement of the Jewish people in the 20th century in the wake of the extermination.

REFORM JEWISH LEADER RICK JACOBS SPEAKING TO JEWISH VOICE FOR PEACE MEMBERS AT THE PRESBYTERIAN CONVENTION IN 2014 DURING DEBATE OVER DIVESTMENT.

PHOTO: CHRISTOPHER HAZOU VIA @LIZAVETA9 ON TWITTER.

As an optimist, I keep declaring that this “herem” — or ban/excommunication– is softening.

That young Jews who believe in justice are slowly taking over the community and an apartheid state is becoming impossible to defend.

But I’m inside the anti-Zionist bubble, not the community, and an interview published last week gives me pause. It is with a friend, Rabbi Alissa Wise, who lately stepped down as deputy director of Jewish Voice for Peace.

Wise has played a big role in growing that organization into a political force, as an openly anti-Zionist organization that supports BDS of Israeli settlers products in the West Bank.

RABBI ALISSA WISE, WHEN SHE WAS AT JVP

In the interview, Wise says in so many words, I’ve had enough for now. I’ve battled my community for 20 years and now I am going to be a member of that community and take a less political role, for the sake of my children being Jewish.

The interview was published in the Jewish Currents newsletter. Editor Arielle Angel reached out to Wise because of a speech Wise gave at her Reconstructionist synagogue in West Philadelphia on March 12, to celebrate her departure from JVP.

Alissa Wise spoke of the pride of building an anti-Zionist bloc among American Jews. “Our numbers have exploded in the past decade.”

But that achievement came at an “excruciating” personal cost, Wise said, alienation from her family and community.

Wise has strong family connections to organized Jewry, and her first shock came in 2002, when her efforts to bring a group of Israeli draft resisters to the U.S. was rejected by every “liberal” Brooklyn synagogue she went to.

It was truly painful to see so plainly how the Jewish community I had been raised to trust was in fact so closed. Sure, looking back I was being totally naive, but I recall just feeling genuinely crushed that the community who taught me Judaism, which led me to understand that I have a responsibility to stand with Palestinians, would refuse to hear the voices of young Jewish Israelis because they were challenging the occupation.

Wise developed a “tough skin” under the hail of hate mail, but she fears the spiritual consequences.

[T]he most vitriolic hatred directed towards me comes from the Jewish community. It has come between me and my family. Over the past ten years, I have regularly received death threats, sexually threatening emails, voicemails and even letters delivered to my home.

I have been barred from traveling to Israel. I almost was kicked out of rabbinical school. I have been called a kapo more times than I can count. I have developed a thick skin. One has to in order to keep doing this work.

I always maintained it didn’t seep in. But did it? Does it?…

She concluded that riding over the feeling of being trampled on by the community was actually hurtful. It prevented her from attaining her “full power.”

I think I was negligent when taking care of those feelings for myself, and I think that is a part of how I ended up needing to take a break 10 years in, when in all honesty I had imagined myself at JVP until JVP was not needed anymore.

We don’t want to let our skin be so tough that we don’t recognize the pain that is there. Let’s feel our pain AND feel our power…

Arielle Angel then drew Wise out in a Q-and-A. And my interpretation of Wise’s comments is: Jewishness is a core value, and she doesn’t want to be in an oppositional frame so as to allow her children to grow up with a healthy relationship to Jewishness and life.

Some excerpts. Wise says we’re in a “closed” period of Jewish history Not so different from the insular intolerance of religious Jews in the eastern European ghettos before the enlightenment.

“We’ve been in a closed period again, because of the hegemonic power of Zionism in the Jewish community. The vision I have is one of openness.”

But she can’t bring about that openness personally. She’s been scarred by the exclusions, notably when she was barred from getting on a plane to Israel and Palestine.

“[T]hat was the beginning of the end for me…I really felt like I’d been trampled on. I reached a point where the thick skin turned from being protective to being corrosive. There’s only so much that one can bounce back from. I’m not leaving the Palestinian rights movement, but I am attentive to where I am emotionally and how that affects my ability to lead this organization….

Wise recognized that membership in the Jewish community is central to her.

[T]he future of Judaism and Jewishness still matters to me and is the centerpiece of my life.

My kid is in second grade, and she was in her Torah school class on Zoom last week… The teacher introduced the concept of l’dor v’dor, from generation to generation, because they were going to be talking to an elder. She asked the class, “What do you want to pass down to the next generation?”—which is a very tender thing to ask eight-year-olds. One little girl said, “I want to pass down being Jewish.” I started crying in the other room, because that’s what I want. I have this sacred, intimate responsibility to caretake Judaism in my lifetime…

Wise says she has banged her head against the wall for 20 years trying to get the Jewish community to change its views of Palestine, and it worked. “Now there are anti-Zionist Jews all over rabbinical school!”

But the political approach can be overwhelming, for instance when every Torah portion has to be interpreted in an anti-Zionist manner. That’s one reason she is leaving JVP.

“I felt clearly how my relationship to Judaism was going to compromise my children’s relationship to it, and I wasn’t willing to have that.”

Alissa Wise imagines an open Jewish community in which everyone is not judged either for being a Zionist or an anti-Zionist.

One principle I emphasized to [JVP staffers] was pluralism: No matter how much we want to interpret a Torah text or a holiday cycle or a historical event in a way that brings people into solidarity with Palestinians, we need to leave room for other ways to be Jewish. Obviously, I want there not to be apartheid in Israel. I don’t want Palestinians to be living under occupation. But that’s different from how we live our Jewish cultural and spiritual lives. Our vision isn’t that everybody be anti-Zionist, or for that to be the centerpiece of everybody’s Jewish lives. It needs to be bigger than just an expression of a particular politics

And she believes her next job will be in Jewish life.

I decided to dedicate my life to the Jewish people, and I’m going to pursue that and trust that the work I’ve been a part of has created enough space for another Jewish home for me.

I respect Wise’s choices. I like pluralism, I’m Not a litmus test person. But having done this work for some time now and been subject to the same invective and ostracization, with the same initial emotional shock that Wise experienced, I’ve lost my romance about the Jewish community.

It made a clear choice to cancel us. And I also made my choice: if excommunication is the cost of supporting Palestinian rights, bring it on.

And to the extent Jewishness is important to me, which it still is, I am proud to have an outlaw Jewish community of friends.

Wise’s word “hegemonic” is helpful. So is her admission that her own family is divided. The official Jewish community has decided again and again in recent years that it is going to close rank around Zionism and muster the astounding historical unity of Jews to enforce orthodoxy in the face of apartheid.

“[Studies have noted that the overwhelming majority of British Jews support Israel,” says a British Jewish group in enforcing the line. Anti-Zionist Jews are “as deeply opposed to Jewish interests as many of our community’s enemies,” a leading Zionist writer told a leading liberal NY Jewish institution.

Another leading Zionist writer said that 97% of Jews worldwide support Zionism and that anti-Zionist Jews are as marginal as black people who voted for Trump.

The line here is clear. If you support BDS targeting Israel, you are not welcome. We will not invite you to the synagogue or even the J Street conference.

We will say you are antisemitic, or “you have Jewish parents” (as former Israeli prison guard Jeffrey Goldberg once laid down the law to redline me and others).

The young Jewish group IfNotNow is still on the community side of the line. It is careful in its criticism of Israel; not taking an anti-Zionist position.

That’s why it continues to be welcome in the Jewish community. Even if the US Campaign for Palestinian Rights is pushing it to go further, it hasn’t done so yet, presumably because it values its communal position. 

Jewish Currents is in a similar position. In that interview Angel notes that attacks from inside the Jewish community for the publication’s new investigative fund to look into the Israel lobby’s hold inside U.S. Jewish institutions, have been “exhausting” and “demoralizing.”

I assume both IfNotNow and Jewish Currents will continue to move left.

Jewish Voice for Peace has been a leader, and over the line. It supports BDS. It is not welcome inside the Jewish community, except at outsider congregations, because it insists on the truth about Israel and Palestine: a tale of oppression. All the rest is just commentary.

h/t Abushalom.

Note: Israel was created by the USA and the colonial powers, including the Soviet Union of Stalin, to dismember the Middle East and eliminate daily trade among the peuple. There would have been many more Jews confronting Zionist, racism and apartheid if Not for the total support of the colonial powers institutions.

Titbits #104

Notes and tidbits on FB and Twitter. Part 62

Posted on September 16, 2017

Un camarade en cachot (1.10*1.50 m) tenait bon, rigolait et se trouvait en forme. Il imaginait des troupeaux d’éléphants errant irrésistiblement á travers les grands espaces ouverts de l’Afrique “Le temps de l’orgueille est fini. Il est temps de nous tourner avec humilité vers les autres animaux”

Il est temps de nous rassurer que nous sommes capables de préserver cette liberté géante des troupeaux d’animaux qui vit encore á nos cotés (Les éléphants et gros mammifères, on land and seas).

La semaine derniére j’ai eu mes ragnagnas (puberté)

Est-il possible que seul notre quartier soit saturé de tensions et de violence, alors que le reste de la ville était radieux et bienveillant?

Cette fois-ci, sa crise de folie était de Bonheur: son ancient amant, il y avait longtemps á cela, avait produit un receuille de poêms et signait sur la premiére page une dédicace a elle.

Saudi Kingdom and the “Gulf” Emirate States have no shrines, religious or otherwise. The Wahhabi sect made sure none of that nonsense should exist. They were about to destroy the Kaaba in Mecca, after demolishing the Prophet tomb in Medina, but King Saud was pressured to recognize its great economical and political worth: Britain ordered him to militarily crush the early extremist Wahhabi leaders (Al Okhouwan) who brought him to power. The same process with Hitler when he came to power.

It was the British who consistently supported with finance and weapons the Wahhabi tribes since the 19th century. Egypt Mohammad Ali and his son Ibrahim crushed this Wahhabi insurgency that disturbed all the neighboring tribes, Iraq and Syria. And Mecca was looted and the Wahhabi fighters assassinated everyone in their path, as today ISIS.

The British rearmed and financed the Wahhabi again after Ibrahim Pasha devastated their home city, after Ibrahim retreated his troops.

As long as Palestinian youths in Lebanese refugee camps are forbidden to work in their disciplines or included in the Lebanese army, they’ll always be the best and easiest resource for extremist movements to lure them in with a handful ready cash.

The British were occupied by the Vikings who occupied the Normandie in France who reconquered England… What specificity the British want to preserve out of the EU? Even Obama was clear: “Get off our back and join the EU. We can no longer afford to support you financially

Rationality set aside, long-term projects confuse me: No girl ever approached me and told me: “Cool it down Adonis. Don’t you worry. This long-term stuff, I take care of it”

Les hommes politiques de premier plan rallient le marxisme par générosité d’âme au mépris de leurs intérêts évidents. Les ratés rejoignent, faute d’avoir été appréciés ailleurs.

France 1913: les filles arrivant au Collège étaient harassés: elles donnaient des répétitions et corrigaient des copies pour des salaires de famine

France 1913: les filles prévoyaient leur échec probable á l’agrégation qui les rejettaient dans le prolétariat des institutions d’ établissement privés (Louise Weiss) 

Camstoll Group? A US institution funded by Emirate States and Israel to downgrade the reputation of Qatar since 2014.

Israel is against funding Hamas, and UAE against subsidizing Muslim Brotherhoods in Egypt, Turkey and Syria

After suicide terrorist attacks in Iran, Iran had to decide on priority: Yemen or Bahrain? Wise Iran is Not about to let 2 wars in her strategic sea, Not so with crazy Saudi Kingdom and backed by USA

Nothing like a courageous night dream to produce a happy zesty day. So is a glorious morning bowel movement.

The young generations want young leaders: They need to retain this hope of a young tomorrow

Ma fille, les hommes ont horreur des femmes qui les aiment et aussi qui ne les aiment pas. Débrouille-toi

Je ne vis pas dans la misère: c’est le doute qui me rend miséreux

C’est énervant: L’autre est toujours en majorité. Quand trouverais-je un moment de relax?

Faire le voeux de quelque chose est un jeu d’enfant

Le ritual nous libére de la necéssité de nous exprimer

En premier temps, on ne choisit pas sa foi. Et le temps second n’arrive que pour les idiots

Quoi Qu’il advienne, la vie continue? De quelle vie parle-t-on? Toute personne ayant droit á l’éducation a aussi le droit de ne pas lire certain livres

La tolérance est de s’accommoder de la contradiction intellectuelle. La tolérance est la meilleure attitude révolutionnaire de tout moment

La tolérance est une activité morale et de premier ordre

Toute personne qui a droit de monter á l’échafaud a aussi le droit á monter á la tribune

Toute personne qui a droit á porter les armes doit avoir le droit de voter

Toute personne ayant la responsabilité de payer des impots a la responsabilité de critiquer les decisions financiéres

Toute personne ayant le droit d’adhérer  á une religion, doit avoir le droit de s’opposer aux clerges

Fear of success as for failure goes hand in hand: Changes are around the bend

The US is having a field day since 2011, hearing these free false propaganda heaping on it, all the intelligence and potency to affecting the Spring Revolutions in Arab World. US doesn’t know zilch about us and is impotent in changing anything.

L’argent est un ciment: il consolide, renforce et répart. Sinon, il est utilisé pour faire les guerres. Ne l’accumule pas

Notes and titbits on FB and Twitter.

Posted on September 5, 2017

Toutes les espéces vivantes sur terre se transformeront pour accommoder la qualité de l’air qu’on a engendrer. Bientot, on pourrait survivre sur d’autres planétes qu’on croyait invivable.

Les mots “de chose” qui sous-entend l’eau, comme caractéristique essentiel , constituent la majeur partie de n’importe quel dictionnaire.

I was having a dream of activities and conversation and the movie froze, picture and sound. Kind my dream-mind wanted to freeze. Exactly as movies freeze on TV. I woke up and realized I was having my siesta/nap and the quota of sleep was over.

It is an experience that can be remembered. In this dream I was having a ride by a young man in the evening and we were driving on a road under repair and he was asking me a question and the dream froze. The car was like parked on a road side and the question in suspension. In vain, my lucid dream was trying to restart the conversation, but the movie was definitely frozen

There’s a little club of countries in the world that offer no national paid leave to new mothers. Care to guess who they are? The first 8 make up eight million in total population. They are Papua New Guinea, Suriname and the tiny island nations of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Palau and Tonga. Number nine is the United States of America, with 320 million people Onward, fellow humans.

Can We Let Capitalism Die and Move On? How many more calamities, financial crisis, occupations, pre-emptive wars, famine, climate change, indignities… can our existence sustain?

Le jour de l’armnistice, tous ceux prêt á etre fusillés, sont-ils épargnés? Pour ce jour de célébration? On célebre le jour de l’armistice, pas la fin de la guerre: les gens ne sont pas si idiots, quand même.

Les armistice successives en Syrie ont sont la preuve. Une journée sans violence d’armes est une victoire.

Le récitant du conte raconte ce que le hero eut aimé qu’on racontât.

Dans la société capitaliste, les gens de capital n’ont que des destins, et qui nuisent a tout le monde. Des destins d’illusion d’un progres qui doit être instantané, ou rien ne vaille.

Les actes, les emotions, les idées s’installent chez moi, y font briévement leurs nids, et puis me quittent successivement avec des délais. Je constate, mais ne peut affirmer que je les subit: Ils sont malins et ne s’imposent pas tous á la fois. Il serait illusoire de ma part d’assigner de lois á leurs apparitions ou disparitions

Tant qu’il reste une rue, un café, une maison, un cimetiére…que tu n’a pas exploré dans cette ville, tu ne doit pas dire que “tu ne l’a pas trouvé”

Le progres a des niveaux de myths idolatres. Les financial multinationals ont élevés l’illusion du “Progrés Idole” au plus haut degree. Ils savent tout instantanément, decident  instantanément, et transférent des milliars  instantanément.

Les hommes font l’histoire? Plutot, des histoires á n’en plus finir

Occupe toi de ta santé: le Bonheur tombe par hazard. Pas de grâce de la joie sans santé. C’est une autre histoire.

“Toutes les famille heureuses se ressemblent, Les familles malheureuses (sont différents), malheureuses á leur facon”

“Les enfants que je n’ai pas eus ne savent pas ce qu’ils me doivent” Cioran

If this is Death, I don’t think much of it. Neither life, for some balance to my rational pessimism.

Le plaisir, s’il sent agreable et sans soucis, est meilleur qu’un devoir sans grâce et sans concentration.

De ce que j’ai senti en ma vie, sentiments pauvres et sec, je crois que la vie est supportable. Poutant, my experimental mind exige une vie alternative: Une jeunesse fougeuse et bréve.

“If you say, I think the occupation of Palestine is fucked up on forty different levels, people are like, you’re the devil, we’re going to get your tenure taken away, we’re going to destroy you. You can say almost anything else. You could be like, ‘I eat humans,’ and they’ll be like bien, bien.” Junot Diaz

Any man-made system must necessarily be fraught with errors, faults and limitations on its intended usage.

Any man-made system (product, service, administrative, management, political, control…) is doomed to fail when designed to cater for complex tasks and objectives. It will end up tying up many teams targeted for training, maintenance, redesigning…

“A short history of nearly everything” by Bill Bryson (written on September 25, 2007)

To make the protein called “collagen” you need to arrange 1,055 amino acids in precisely the right sequence which means you need 1,055 spinning wheels with 20 symbols in each wheel to coincide exactly for the jackpot! Thus, the odd that any protein was formed by hazard is nil.

Any protein cannot reproduce itself and it needs DNA, which is a whiz in replicating itself.

DNA can do nothing but replicate proteins. And proteins are useless without DNA.  Are we to assume that these two organisms arose simultaneously with the purpose of supporting each other?

No atom or molecule has achieved life independently; it needs some sort of membrane to contain them so that they come together within the nurturing refuge of a cell

Without the chemicals, the cell has no purpose. 

It is little wonder that we call it the miracle of life. 

Forming amino acids is Not the problem because if we expose water to ammonia, hydrogen sulphide and methane gases and introduce some electrical sparks, as a stand-in for lighting, then within days you will have amino acids, fatty acids, sugar and other organic compounds.

What was needed is a process of a few of these amino acids to procreate and then cluster to discover some additional improvement.

What do we know about cells so far?

A single cell splits to become two and after 47 doublings you have 10 thousand trillion cells and ready to spring forth as a human being.  Each cell carries a copy of the complete genetic code, the instruction manual for your body, and it knows far more about you that you do, and is devoted in some intensively specific way to your overall well-being.

The human body has at least a few hundred types of cells and they vary in shape, size, and longevity; we have nerve cells, red blood cells, photocells, liver cells that can survive for years, brain cells that last as long as we live and they don’t increase from the day we are born but 500 die every single hour, and so forth.  The components within a cell are constantly renewed so that everything in us is completely renewed every nine years.

The outer casing of a cell is made up of lipid or light grade of machine oil but on the molecular level it is as strong as iron, then the nucleus wherein resides the genetic information and the busy space called cytoplasm. The cell contains about a thousand power plants or mitochondria that convert processed food and oxygen into ATP molecules or battery packs.

A cell would use up one billion ATP molecules in two minutes or half the body weight every day. The electrical energy activities in a cell is about 0.1 volts traveling distances in the nanometers; or when this number is scale up it is the equivalent of 20 million volts per meter or the amount of what a thunderstorm is charged.

Each strand of DNA is damaged 10,000 times a day and swiftly repaired, if the cell is not to perish by a command received from a hormone. When a cell receives the order to die then it quietly devour its components. For example, nitric oxide is a formidable toxin in nature but cells are tremendous manufacturers of this substance which control blood flow, the energy level in cells, attacking cancerous cells, regulating the sense of smell, and penile erection among other things.

Our body contains 200,000 different types of protein and we barely understand a tiny fraction of them. 

Enzymes are a type of protein with tasks to rebuild molecules and marking the damaged pieces and other protein for processing. 

A cell might contain 20,000 different types of protein.

In the 1860s, Louis Pasteur showed that life cannot arise spontaneously, but come from pre-existing cells. 

State of Lebanon: (Part 2)

Posted on December 24, 2008

Mind you this essay was posted in 2008. Read the footnotes for current development   

Under the leadership of Hezbollah, the Shias in the south and the Bekaa Valley are basically the main religious caste shouldering the heavy burden of defending Lebanon from the frequent aggressions of Israel. 

Without the Shiaa, south Lebanon would have long been swallowed by Israel and Lebanon divided and scraped from the number of independent States. 

It is the Shiaa who forced Israel to withdraw unconditionally from the south in May 24, 2000.  It is the Shiaa who foiled the strategy of Israel of reconquering the south of Lebanon in July 2006 and installing a Pax Americana in the Greater Middle East.  

Hezbollah split from the main “Amal” Shia movement around 1983 and adopted an ideology tightly linked to the Khomeini hardliners in Iran and is made responsible for the suicide attacks against the US and French headquarters in Beirut. 

Hezbollah was the only resistance movement allowed by Syria to operate against Israel’s occupation in the south of Lebanon since 1991, when the US Administration permitted Syria mandate over Lebanon for over 15 years. 

Syria had prohibited all the other Lebanese nationalistic and progressive parties to resume their liberation resistance during its occupation of Lebanon. 

After the assassination of Rafic Hariri PM in 2005 and the withdrawal of the Syrian troops from Lebanon we have been experiencing a serious void in the legitimacy of the current government

The entente between the Tayyar political party of Michel Aoun (Free Patriotic Movement for Reform and Change) and Hezbollah has allayed the perception that schemes for a recurring civil war in under planning. 

The patient non-violence strategy of Hezbollah in internal affair,s in the conduct of non-cooperation activities of the civil war militia/mafia “leaders” against an unjust and usurping government, has permitted the Lebanese population to gain the assurance and relief that another civil war is not feasible.  

This Seniora PM government and its allies have been plundering the public treasury for the past three years (and Not registering the $11 billions in financial aid and grants from the Gulf Emirates in the ministry of finance) and for the last 15 years under Rafic Hariri.

This continuous regime has been spreading poverty and deepening the indebtedness and ineptness of Lebanon, with the explicit support of the Bush administration, under the guise of empty rhetoric of democracy, security and independence from Syria’s indirect involvement in Lebanon.

Consequently, the Shiaa have proven to be the legitimate sons of an independent Lebanon and have paid the prices of martyrdom, suffering, sacrifice and pain in order to be the guarantor for the emergence of a Nation against all odds. 

It is the sacrifices of the Shia sect and their patience to suffer for the benefit of all Lebanese that is providing them with the leverage of flexibility, intent to change, learn from experience and improve.  The successive unilateral withdrawals of Israel from Lebanon since 1982 without any preconditions have given the Lebanese citizen grounds to standing tall

Our main problem is that the International requirements of Lebanon and our local politics are at odds.  The USA, Europe and Saudi Arabia would like to settle the Palestinian refugees as Lebanese citizens with full rights and thus avoiding the corny problem of their legitimate rights to be repatriated to Israel as stated in the UN resolution of 194. 

The Monarchy in Saudi Kingdom has been viewing the Palestinian question as a major liability since the extremist party of Hamas has taken power in Gaza: supposedly, Saudi kingdom is exhausted of paying the bills every time Israel destroys the infra-structure of Lebanon and covering some of the expenses of the Palestinian refugees and would like an end to this conflict that is hampering the internal stability of the Wahhabi Saudi regime.

Israel pre-emptive six invasions of Lebanon and its genocide tactics against the Palestinians are done at the urging of the USA 

The two main local movements of the Future Party and Hezbollah are more than content for this unconstitutional political dilemma which suits their short-term interests. 

The Future is satisfied with its dominance among the Sunni sect in Beirut and the North and thus, giving the Palestinian refugees citizenship might create an unknown variable that could disrupt the majority of the Sunni allegiance to the Al Moustakbal. 

Consequently, the Hariri clan cannot disobey the Saudi orders but it cannot shoot itself in the foot. 

Externally, the Hariri clan is pro Saudi but in reality it is very cozy with the Syrian position on the Palestinian refugee status as its strongest card during the negotiations with the USA and afterward. 

The unstable constitutional political system in Lebanon may delay indefinitely any serious pressures from Saudi Arabia and the USA to resolving the Palestinian refugees’ question. 

Hezbollah is weary of having to deal with a constitutional government and negotiate returning its arms to the Lebanese army.  Thus, the two main parties in Lebanon are supporting each other pragmatically and just playing the game of opposing forces.

The US of Bush Jr. has decided after the fiasco of the July war in 2006 that no more investment in time on Lebanon is appropriate at this junction.  We have to wait for a new US administration to decide whether it is willing to re-open the file of the Near East problems.

The allies to the two main parties are side shows: they know it and they cannot change camps with the deep mistrust for the other side pledges and dependent policies to foreign powers. 

Thanks to the vehement rhetoric against Syria or its allies in Lebanon by Walid Jumblatt and Samir Geagea, the Future party has been able to give the impression that it is against the Syrian regime while practically it agrees with the Syrian positions and would like to keep the present status quo in Lebanon’s political system of the Taef Constitutional amendments.  

General Michel Aoun has realized that he has been taken by the sweet tender offers of Hezbollah but he cannot shift allegiance or form a third alliance since non resolution of the situation is the name of the game until further agreement among the main Arab states and the main superpowers.

Recently, General Aoun has demonstrated his independence by visiting Syria for 5 days amid a popular welcome to re-establish entente between the two people, if not the regimes.

So far, the polemics among the government’s allies and the opposition political parties are not shy of harboring sectarian allegiances in their charged speeches but somehow they failed to discuss the actual caste, or closed religious system in our social structure, which is the fundamental problem toward a modern state of governance.

I do not believe that any fair and representative electoral law is of utility unless the basic caste system is recognized as a sin and altered accordingly to represent an alternative for the citizen joining a united and free status under one State. 

The first step is to institute a voluntary State marriage law and letting the situation unfold into a more liberal understanding of the need of the people. 

The road is very long and arduous before the beginning of a semblance of trust among the Lebanese is established.  However, I feel that the Shia under the leadership of a wise and disciplined Hezbollah and their corresponding Christian Free Patriotic movement are leading the way for a semi-autonomous Lebanon, at least in its internal restructuring. 

I believe that the necessities of survival would loosen up many stiff ideological and caste roadblocks toward a reformed political system and the institution of a governing body that abide in integrity, accountability and justice for all.

It is a fact that extremist Sunni “salafist” ideology is gaining quickly in all the Arab and Muslim World, out of desperation and the widespread illiteracy and lack of job openings. (See note 3).  Maybe our mix of all kinds of sects might be a rampart to our moderate liberal tendencies.

The spirit of Statehood is coming from an unforeseen quarter; mainly the Shia caste freshly arriving in the social and political scene around 1970. 

This disinherited caste was already a majority when the civil war of 1975 broke out and it suffered from the total ignorance of the central government for infrastructure and social services and had also to suffer the humiliation and atrocities of frequent Israeli air raids and land attacks and bombing of their villages under the disguise of dislodging the Palestinian guerillas.  

The Shia caste is opening up to almost all sects and managed to ally with large sections of many other castes.  This extending arm might be considered as necessary out of the realization that they are a majority in Lebanon and a real minority in the neighboring States of Syria, Jordan, and Egypt.

This necessity is a blessing to Lebanon because the main major caste is encouraging unity against foreign invaders. 

In the event that Hezbollah maintains its strength then it can be forecasted that the economic strategy of Lebanon will shift from tourism and third sector (the Hariri’s clan strategy) into more emphasis on agriculture and small and medium industries, many of it geared toward guerilla warfare. 

This is how the future looks like to me if no overall peace treaty with Israel is realized any time soon.

I used the term “Statehood” for Lebanon in a general sense to convey that a form of unity is developing in the conscious of the Lebanese but this notion of Nation is far from appropriate to Lebanon, simply because experiences since independence could not provide any evidence to a unified people under legitimate and responsible central governments. 

Lebanon is fundamentally an amalgamation of castes that enjoy self-autonomy.  I still believe that the Syrians, Lebanese, Palestinians, and Jordanians naturally form a One Nation and One people and they should generate a common market with separate recognized States.

I am convinced the Taef Constitution was meant to have total entente among the various main three religious castes in Lebanon before starting to elect a new president to the Republic.

The entente should involve everything from election law, to the constitution of the government and other priorities.  This fact translates into agreement among the main “Arab” States and the main superpowers on how Lebanon should be governed during six years. 

Unless the Lebanese leaders and political parties get together to review the Taef Constitution and be willing to pay the price of deciding to have a mind of their own, then Lebanon is de facto under the UN protectorate.

Note 1: the current Dawha agreement translated the spirit of Taef in its temporary execution until the Parliamentary election takes place.

Note 2:  The Future movement of the Hariri clan (Saad Hariri is a Saudi citizen) is practically pro-Syrian but it cannot overtly open up to the Syrian regime as long as Saudi Kingdom is not currently in good term with President Bashar Assad.

Note 3:  The Sunni “salafist” movement expressed its strong arm tendencies in the Palestinian camp of Nahr Al Bared.The Lebanese army managed to destroyed the camp after 6 months of arduous battles, along with the extremist Sunni group and the ramifications are not over in our internal strife.

Note 4:  The social/political structure is held by 19 recognized religious castes or columns that grow at different paces in demography.  Thus, the top of our Temple must be very flexible and changeable when foreign powers decide to destabilize the tacit agreement among the caste political feudal leaders.

Notes 5: In 2020, the State of Lebanon is totally bankrupt, politically, financially and economically. There is no light at the end of the tunnel in 2021.

What? Teach all religions in schools to generate Informed citizenship? Or to prove their discrimination among social classes?

Posted on February 23, 2016 and written in 2006

Dan Dennett argues that human consciousness and “free will” are the result of physical processes.

His latest book is “Intuition Pumps and Other Tools for Thinking,” Full bio

Philosopher Dan Dennett calls for religions — all religion — to be taught in schools, so we can understand its nature as a natural phenomenon. Then he takes on The Purpose-Driven Life, disputing its claim that, to be moral, one must deny evolution

You must be wondering, “What on earth? Have they put up the wrong slide?” No, no. Look at this magnificent beast, and ask the question: Who designed it?

Dan Dennett. Let’s teach religion — all religion — in schools . Posted July 2006

This is TED; this is Technology, Entertainment, Design, and there’s a dairy cow. It’s a quite wonderfully designed animal.

Religions have become domesticated, and human beings have been redesigning their religions for thousands of years. (Not sure how religious sects have been domesticated: they are the ultimate rebels for any change in society, and they act extremely well to preserve their privileges)

And I was thinking, how do I introduce this? And I thought maybe that old doggerel by Joyce Kilmer, you know: “Poems are made by fools like me, but only God can make a tree.” And you might say, “Well, God designed the cow.”

But, of course, God got a lot of help. This is the ancestor of cattle. This is the aurochs. And it was designed by natural selection, the process of natural selection, over many millions of years.

And then it became domesticated, thousands of years ago. And human beings became its stewards, and, without even knowing what they were doing, they gradually redesigned it and redesigned it and redesigned it.

And then more recently, they really began to do reverse engineering on this beast and figure out just what the parts were, how they worked and how they might be optimized — how they might be made better.

Now, why am I talking about cows?

Because I want to say that much the same thing is true of religions.

Religions are natural phenomena — they’re just as natural as cows. They have evolved over millennia. They have a biological base, just like the aurochs.

Religions have become domesticated, and human beings have been redesigning their religions for thousands of years. 

This is TED, and I want to talk about design.

Because what I’ve been doing for the last four years, some of you saw me at TED when I was talking about religion — and in the last four years, I’ve been working just about non-stop on this topic. And you might say it’s about the reverse engineering of religions.

Now that very idea, I think, strikes terror in many people, or anger, or anxiety of one sort or another. And that is the spell that I want to break.  (Extremists in any religious sect have redesigned their religions backward, away from social coexistence)

I want to say, no, religions are an important natural phenomenon. We should study them with the same intensity that we study all the other important natural phenomena, like global warming, as we heard so eloquently last night from Al Gore.

Today’s religions are brilliantly designed: They are immensely powerful social institutions and many of their features can be traced back to earlier features that we can really make sense of by reverse engineering.

And, as with the cow, there’s a mixture of evolutionary design — designed by natural selection itself — and intelligent design — more or less intelligent design — and redesigned by human beings who are trying to redesign their religions.

You don’t do book talks at TED, but I’m going to have just one slide about my book, because there is one message in it which I think this group really needs to hear. And I would be very interested to get your responses to this.

It’s the one policy proposal that I make in the book, at this time, when I claim not to know enough about religion to know what other policy proposals to make. And it’s one that echoes remarks that you’ve heard already today.

Here’s my proposalEducate people on world religions for all of our children — in primary school, in high school, in public schools, in private schools and in home schooling.

So what I’m proposing is, just as we require reading, writing, arithmetic, American history, so we should have a curriculum on facts about all the religions of the world — about their history, about their creeds, about their texts, their music, their symbolisms, their prohibitions, their requirements. (The context, historical and political facts)

And this should be presented factually, straightforwardly, with no particular spin, to all of the children in the country. And as long as you teach them that, you can teach them anything else you like. (Keep the children away from these “religious facts” and various spins: let them master some writing and calculus skills)

That is maximal tolerance for religious freedom.

As long as you inform your children about other religions, then you may — and as early as you like and whatever you like — teach them whatever creed you want them to learn. But also let them know about other religions. (So that religion does Not become a political tool to established institutions? Religion is the ultimate in political upbringing)

Why do I say that? Because democracy depends on an informed citizenship.

Informed consent is the very bedrock of our understanding of democracy. Misinformed consent is not worth it. It’s like a coin flip; it doesn’t count, really.

Democracy depends on informed consent. This is the way we treat people as responsible adults. Now, children below the age of consent are a special case (Really?)

Parents are stewards of their children. They don’t own them. You can’t own your children. You have a responsibility to the world, to the state, to them, to take care of them right. 

You may teach them whatever creed you think is most important, but I say you have a responsibility to let them be informed about all the other creeds in the world, too. (So drop “educating” religion to children until they can form their mind. Actually, studies have proven that children who were Not educated of any kind of religion developed to be broad minded and tolerant)

The reason I’ve taken this time is I’ve been fascinated to hear some of the reactions to this. One reviewer for a Roman Catholic newspaper called it “totalitarian.” It strikes me as practically libertarian. Is it totalitarian to require reading, writing and arithmetic? I don’t think so.

All I’m saying is — and facts, facts only; no values, just facts — about all the world’s religions. (Including making sense of irrational myths?)

Another reviewer called it “hilarious.” Well, I’m really bothered by the fact that anybody would think that was hilarious. It seems to me to be such a plausible, natural extension of the democratic principles we already have that I’m shocked to think anybody would find that just ridiculous.

I know many religions are so anxious about preserving the purity of their faith among their children that they are intent on keeping their children ignorant of other faiths. I don’t think that’s defensible. But I’d really be pleased to get your answers on that — any reactions to that — later.

Back to the cow. This picture, which I pulled off the web — the fellow on the left is really an important part of this picture. That’s the steward. Cows couldn’t live without human stewards — they’re domesticated. They’re a sort of ectosymbiont. They depend on us for their survival. (So does people)

And Pastor Rick was just talking about sheep. I’m going to talk about sheep, too. There’s a lot of serendipitous convergence here. How clever it was of sheep to acquire shepherds!  

Think of what this got them. They could outsource all their problems: protection from predators, food-finding …  health maintenance.

The only cost in most flocks — not even this — a loss of free mating. What a deal! (A big deal for the chimpanzees and the bonobo kinds)

“How clever of sheep!” you might say. Except, of course, it wasn’t the sheep’s cleverness. 

We all know sheep are not exactly rocket scientists — they’re not very smart. It wasn’t the cleverness of the sheep at all. They were clueless. But it was a very clever move. Whose clever move was it? It was the clever move of natural selection itself. (What? the cows realized that they are better off to be controlled by humans?)

Francis Crick, the co-discoverer of the structure of DNA with Jim Watson, once joked about what he called Orgel’s Second Rule.

Leslie Orgel is a molecular biologist, brilliant guy, and Orgel’s Second Rule is: 

Evolution is cleverer than you are

That is not Intelligent Design — not from Francis Crick.  Evolution is cleverer than you are. If you understand Orgel’s Second Rule, then you understand why the Intelligent Design movement is basically a hoax.

The designs discovered by the process of natural selection are brilliant, unbelievably brilliant. (A big qualification from someone whose understanding of evolution is related to religion)

Again and again biologists are fascinated with the brilliance of what’s discovered. But the process itself is without purpose, without foresight, without design.

When I was here four years ago, I told the story about an ant climbing a blade of grass. And why the ant was doing it was because its brain had been infected with a lancet fluke that was needed to get into the belly of a sheep or a cow in order to reproduce. So it was sort of a spooky story.

And I think some people may have misunderstood. Lancet flukes aren’t smart. I submit that the intelligence of a lancet fluke is down there, somewhere between petunia and carrot. They’re not really bright. They don’t have to be. The lesson we learn from this is: you don’t have to have a mind to be a beneficiary.

The design is there in nature, but it’s not in anybody’s head. It doesn’t have to be. That’s the way evolution works. Question: Was domestication good for sheep? It was great for their genetic fitness. (Looking slender when sheared?)

And here I want to remind you of a wonderful point that Paul MacCready made at TED three years ago. Here’s what he said: “Ten thousand years ago, at the dawn of agriculture, human population, plus livestock and pets, was approximately a tenth of one percent of the terrestrial vertebrate landmass.”

That was just 10,000 years ago. Yesterday, in biological terms. What is it today? Does anybody remember what he told us? 98 percent. That is what we have done on this planet.

I talked to Paul afterwards — I wanted to check to find out how he’d calculated this, and get the sources and so forth — and he also gave me a paper that he had written on this. And there was a passage in it which he did not present here and I think it is so good, I’m going to read it to you:

“Over billions of years on a unique sphere, chance has painted a thin covering of life: complex, improbable, wonderful and fragile. Suddenly, we humans — a recently arrived species no longer subject to the checks and balances inherent in nature — have grown in population, technology and intelligence to a position of terrible power. We now wield the paintbrush.”

We heard about the atmosphere as a thin layer of varnish. Life itself is just a thin coat of paint on this planet. And we’re the ones that hold the paintbrush. And how can we do that?

The key to our domination of the planet is culture (the culture of greed and exploitation?)

And the key to culture is religion. Suppose Martian scientists came to Earth. They would be puzzled by many things. Anybody know what this is? I’ll tell you what it is. This is a million people gathering on the banks of the Ganges in 2001, perhaps the largest single gathering of human beings ever, as seen from satellite photograph. Here’s a big crowd. Here’s another crowd in Mecca. Martians would be amazed by this. (Maybe their amazement is why this crowd is Not bigger? With all that ignorance that religions spread in population)

They’d want to know how it originated, what it was for and how it perpetuates itself.

Actually, I’m going to pass over this. The ant isn’t alone. There’s all sorts of wonderful cases of species which — in that case — A parasite gets into a mouse and needs to get into the belly of a cat. 

And it turns the mouse into Mighty Mouse, makes it fearless, so it runs out in the open, where it’ll be eaten by a cat. True story.

In other words, we have these hijackers — you’ve seen this slide before, from four years ago — a parasite that infects the brain and induces even suicidal behavior, on behalf of a cause other than one’s own genetic fitness.

Does that ever happen to us? Yes, it does — quite wonderfully.

The Arabic word “Islam” means “submission.” It means “surrender of self-interest to the will of Allah.” But I’m not just talking about Islam. I’m talking also about Christianity. 

This is a parchment music page that I found in a Paris bookstall 50 years ago. And on it, it says, in Latin: “Semen est verbum Dei. Sator autem Christus.” The word of God is the seed and the sower of the seed is Christ. Same idea. Well, not quite. But in fact, Christians, too … glory in the fact that they have surrendered to God.

I’ll give you a few quotes. “The heart of worship is surrender. Surrendered people obey God’s words, even if it doesn’t make sense.” Those words are by Rick Warren. Those are from “The Purpose Driven Life.” (And who really heard a God pronounce a word to note it down?

And I want to turn now, briefly, to talk about that book, which I’ve read. You’ve all got a copy, and you’ve just heard the man. And what I want to do now is say a bit about this book from the design standpoint, because I think it’s actually a brilliant book.

First of all, the goal is to bring purpose to the lives of millions, and he has succeeded. Is it a good goal? In itself, I’m sure we all agree, it is a wonderful goal. He’s absolutely right. (Purpose of surrendering to nonsense?)

There are lots of people out there who don’t have purpose in their life, and bringing purpose to their life is a wonderful goal. I give him an A+ on this.

Is the goal achieved? Yes. Thirty million copies of this book. (If these books were Not distributed for free, you think people would be roaming without any purpose? And how many actually read a chapter of this book?) Al Gore, eat your heart out.  

This is a fantastic achievement. And the means — how does he do it?

It’s a brilliant redesign of traditional religious themes — updating them, quietly dropping obsolete features, putting new interpretations on other features. This is the evolution of religion that’s been going on for thousands of years, and he’s just the latest brilliant practitioner of it.

I don’t have to tell you this; you just heard the man (which man, again?) 

Excellent insights into human psychology, wise advice on every page. Moreover, he invites us to look under the hood. (Turned out to be a large void?) I really appreciated that. For instance, he has an appendix where he explains his choice of translations of different Bible verses.

The book is clear, vivid, accessible, beautifully formatted. Just enough repetition. That’s really important. 

Every time you read it or say it, you make another copy in your brain. (That is crowding an already empty brain. Even these stories of killing everybody after ransacking a town?)

And now we come to my problem. Because I’m absolutely sincere in my appreciation of all that I said about this book. But I wish it were better. I have some problems with the book.  (Good. At least there is a few problems. Brilliant requires a few problems too)

And it would just be insincere of me not to address those problems. I wish he could do this with a revision, a Mark 2 version of his book. “The truth will set you free.” That’s what it says in the Bible, and it’s something that I want to live by, too.

My problem is, some of the bits in it I don’t think are true.

Now some of this is a difference of opinion. And that’s not my main complaint, that’s worth mentioning. 

Here’s a passage  “If there was no God we would all be accidents, the result of astronomical random chance in the Universe. You could stop reading this book because life would have no purpose or meaning or significance. There would be no right or wrong and no hope beyond your brief years on Earth.”

I just do not believe that. By the way, I find — Homer Groening film presented a beautiful alternative to that very claim. 

Yes, there is meaning and a reason for right or wrong. We don’t need a belief in God to be good or to have meaning in us. But that, as I said, is just a difference of opinion. That’s not what I’m really worried about. (Excellent. Agreed with you. Close that damned book and learn to do science and experiment)

How about this: “God designed this planet’s environment just so we could live in it.” (Thus, if humans are destroying this environment, we should start listening to Al Gore instead)

I’m afraid that a lot of people take that sentiment to mean that we don’t have to do the sorts of things that Al Gore is trying so hard to get us to do. I am not happy with that sentiment at all.

And then I find this:

“All the evidence available in the biological sciences supports the core proposition that the cosmos is a specially designed whole with life and mankind as its fundamental goal and purpose, a whole in which all facets of reality have their meaning and explanation in this central fact.” 

Well, that’s Michael Denton. He’s a creationist. And here, I think, “Wait a minute.” I read this again. I read it three or four times and I think, “Is he really endorsing Intelligent Design? Is he endorsing creationism here?” And you can’t tell. So I’m sort of thinking, “Well, I don’t know, I don’t know if I want to get upset with this yet.” (You can repeat “I don’t know” ad nauseum and it will not make a dent)

But then I read on, and I read this: “First, Noah had never seen rain, because prior to the Flood, God irrigated the earth from the ground up.” I wish that sentence weren’t in there, because I think it is false. (Now starting to get funny)

And I think that thinking this way about the history of the planet, after we’ve just been hearing about the history of the planet over millions of years, discourages people from scientific understanding. Now, Rick Warren uses scientific terms and scientific factoids and information in a very interesting way. (How about you repeat: “I don’t know”?)

Here’s one: “God deliberately shaped and formed you to serve him in a way that makes your ministry unique. He carefully mixed the DNA cocktail that created you.” I think that’s false. Now, maybe we want to treat it as metaphorical.

Here’s another one: “For instance, your brain can store 100 trillion facts. Your mind can handle 15,000 decisions a second.” Well, it would be interesting to find the interpretation where I would accept that. There might be some way of treating that as true. 

“Anthropologists have noted that worship is a universal urge, hardwired by God into the very fiber of our being — an inbuilt need to connect with God.” Well, the sense of which I agree with him, except I think it has an evolutionary explanation.

And what I find deeply troubling in this book is that he seems to be arguing that if you want to be moral, if you want to have meaning in your life, you have to be an Intelligent Designer, you have to deny the theory of evolution by natural selection. And I think, on the contrary, that it is very important to solving the world’s problems that we take evolutionary biology seriously.

Whose truth are we going to listen to? Well, this is from “The Purpose Driven Life”: “The Bible must become the authoritative standard for my life: the compass I rely on for direction, the counsel I listen to for making wise decisions, and the benchmark I use for evaluating everything.” 

Well maybe, OK, but what’s going to follow from this?

And here’s one that does concern me. Remember I quoted him before with this line: “Surrendered people obey God’s word, even if it doesn’t make sense.” And that’s a problem.

“Don’t ever argue with the Devil. He’s better at arguing than you are, having had thousands of years to practice.” Now, Rick Warren didn’t invent this clever move. It’s an old move. It’s a very clever adaptation of religions. It’s a wild card for disarming any reasonable criticism.

“You don’t like my interpretation? You’ve got a reasonable objection to it? Don’t listen, don’t listen! That’s the Devil speaking.” This discourages the sort of reasoning citizenship it seems to me that we want to have.

I’ve got one more problem, then I’m through. And I’d really like to get a response if Rick is able to do it. 

“In the Great Commission, Jesus said, ‘Go to all people of all nations and make them my disciples. Baptize them in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, and teach them to do everything I’ve told you.’” 

The Bible says Jesus is the only one who can save the world. We’ve seen many wonderful maps of the world in the last day or so. Here’s one, not as beautiful as the others; it simply shows the religions of the world. Here’s one that shows the sort of current breakdown of the different religions.

Do we really want to commit ourselves to engulfing all the other religions, when their holy books are telling them, “Don’t listen to the other side, that’s just Satan talking!”? 

It seems to me that that’s a very problematic ship to get on for the future. I found this sign as I was driving to Maine recently, in front of a church: “Good without God becomes zero.” Sort of cute.

A very clever little meme. I don’t believe it and I think this idea, popular as it is — not in this guise, but in general — is itself one of the main problems that we face.

If you are like me, you know many wonderful, committed, engaged atheists, agnostics, who are being very good without God. 

And you also know many religious people who hide behind their sanctity instead of doing good works. So, I wish we could drop this meme. I wish this meme would go extinct.

Note: This talk didn’t have to take a convoluted argument like educating kids on all religion, just to tell us the kind of insane meme religions recklessly drop on sane people.

Global Resolutions of World problems; (June 28, 2009)

Mind you that this essay was posted 11 years ago. Do you see any improvement and changes in the resolution of any of the world problems?

This essay intends to offer viable global resolutions to the global problems that I posted previously.  I developed on the 8 main global problems:

Fact one:  Climate and environment quickly deteriorating.

Fact two:  Birth control is not efficient in the most under-developed States

Fact three:  Potable quality water and clean water for irrigation are dwindling fast.

Fact four:  The middle classes in China and India are expanding alarmingly, surpassing the US and Europe combined.

Fact five:  The world economy is experiencing serious deflationary period. (Which is good for the poorer classes, as long as constant “growth” does Not ruin the world resources)

Fact six:  The world is going through frequent deep financial crisis and recession.

Fact seven:  Effective military spending should decrease but it didn’t.Military budgets are the only item that increase continuously, for pre-emptive wars and selling weapons in premeditated civil wars

Fact eight:  The identity crisis around the world is destabilizing order and security. (Still, the terms order and security are monopolized by governments to maintain the status quo for the elite classes)

It is appropriate to add the frequent health viruses pandemics and lack of new research into antibiotics to counter resilient and mutating bacteria

At this junction of human development, the global problems we have to face attest to the successes and accomplishments of man, his mental scientific genius, his legitimate ambitions for acquiring what he can afford to, his quest for liberty and the reward for a comfortable life after a hard day work. 

The global problems we have to resolve attest to man ethical and moral failures to catching up to his mental and emotional agility.

Man has proven his individual instinct capability for survival in a sustainable earth; man has now to prove that he developed enough collective instinct to survive an earth on the way to depletion.

The eight main problems cannot be solved separately. And Not a single problem can be solved by one supernation nation. 

The interactions among these problems mesh tightly and resolutions should be studied and analyzed as an entity, a complete package, by a world forum, meeting regularly, and then assigned to a central executive power. 

The United Nation is firmly established and has a wide database, current and on global scale. 

The first step would reasonably be to re-organize the UN with fresh competence, specialized departments, and actual executive power, but the State superpowers are not showing signs of investing time on re-structuring the UN potentials.

Veto power by a single State (one of the G5) to shut down resolutions by the other over 194 States is troubling.  More States are entitled politically and economically to be assigned permanent seats so that political decisions results from equitable economic balance in power. 

In all Parliaments there are committees for specific issues; I don’t see why State representatives in the UN are not allocated in committees so that the world community feels that it has a share in the well being of earth’s citizens.

 Globalization after the fall of the Berlin Wall exacerbated many of these problems and added a few more serious problems:

It belittled culture and replaced serious reflections with information

It pressured many States to organize into economic blocks to face up to a unipolar world power;

It generated identity issues and radicalization of religious extremism under the guise of autonomous and independent tiny States; and

It eradicated local based civilizations and traditions that had power to participate effectively in social progress and management. 

The new ideologies of civilization clash, the death of history, the only valid political system of conservative capitalism, and the dominance of the American language and way of life were meant to confirm the new unipolar political system

The world was to become a village governed by a central power and the financial crisis proved the danger of globalization “US style” or State ideology circumventing and crushing other viable ideologies.

The US Defense Minister Rumsfeld went as far as cursing Europe as “senile old Europe” because it adhered to legitimate ethical standards.

Environmental re-habilitation and climate management and control are political in essence. 

This problem is linked to increased urbanization and over-production and competition on world market in order to boost GNPs and secure higher political ranking among the G20. 

Containing CO2 emissions and stabilizing them to current levels is feasible at the expense of erecting nuclear power plants because the “clean” alternatives of elonian and hydraulic power generations are limited in production commensurate to the exorbitant cost. 

China and India must convert any new car put on the highway into much cleaner energy efficient vehicles or any solution for stabilization of CO2 production will fail.

The major worry is the emission of methane gas, worse 20 times than CO2 for the warming up process, which oceans have started to spew as the permafrost is being exposed after the melting of glaciers in the poles.

Earth regeneration is a slow process and for the Arctic to recover is not foreseeable in the medium term.  Reforestation is also feasible but younger trees are no supplement to efficient old trees that are dying and decomposing. 

Until the tropical forests resume their natural function of absorbing more CO2 than emitting, then earth environment is in serious trouble.

Birth rate control is plagued by superstition, ignorance, oligarchy systems, and extremism in many societies; these deficiencies are increasing and worsening in under-developed States. 

Birth control must be a decentralized enterprise and tailored made to customs and traditions to be successful in the long term. 

Only higher rate in education, exposure to other civilizations, active dissemination of female rights and enforcing them, and increased local facilities to generating job opportunities can stabilize birth rate to manageable level.

World finance currency has to be stabilized in order to avoid desastrous fluctuations not based on sound economic output and real trade exchange.  I suggest the following steps:

First, the developed States have to agree on another tangible standard for currencies.  Gold would not do because the US has abolished it in 1967 because all the gold in the world could not sustain the huge amount of paper dollars circulating or intended to circulate around the world. 

Gold extraction, even if practically depleted on ground of economic feasibility, can always be re-used and circulated but has not many industrial value. 

The alternative is a basket of depleting minerals that are essentials for manufacturing and production.  The processed minerals do not have to be rare but very essentials for development.  The US can agree to this idea since it has huge reserves in many important minerals.

Second, all the States that can account for at least 3% of all currency circulation should join an “International Money Printing Council” with tight control and monitoring criteria. 

The first States in ranking with combined shares of over 50% of cash money in circulation on the global market should have a veto power.

There are serious dangers that can wreak havoc to any global resolutions if politics succumb to one of Three Global Temptations.  

It is appropriate to consider the example of a team of rock climbers.  The team has the appropriate equipments that are tested scientifically and the members have the proper physical training.  There are three main risks for the team to fail in his mission of reaching the top.

The first temptation is that a member of the team going berserk and taking a dive: this member can carry down the rest of the team with him. A few people have this urgent temptation to dive, and when available, they would try dangerous acrobatics. 

Luckily, the two populous nations of China and India have taken off; they have the tools, the technology, and the means to care for their over 2 billion citizens. The main worry is that they are trying to catch up in a few decades what took centuries for the USA, Europe, and Japan to reach in stable governments, and legitimate desires for comfort.

The accelerated trends in China and India for over production are a dangerous temptation that needs to be tampered by political sharing at an equal footing.  

There are many more millions who have been humiliated for centuries and robbed of their basic dignity; they have not gone berserk because of poverty in means for survival as individual: They are dangerous because of a collective sense of insignificance and desperation toward the policies of the colonial powers of resuming this process of humiliation and denying them even diplomatic respect as recognized States. 

Not all Muslim States feel this desperation: Iran, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Turkey have taken their destinies in their hand.  What the European Union and the USA have to focus on, right now, is to salvage the remnant of dignity among the “Arab” populations.

The second temptation facing the team of climbers is the wall, the rock face. Most team members might have the techniques of sheltering from falling rocks, slippery sections, brittle portions, and blowing winds.  Human kind has learned to take shelter until the danger passes over. 

Most of us have developed the instinct of prudence, such as not interference and keeping low levels. We are at a junction where danger is not to pass over on its own volition and no sheltering behavior can protect us for survival.

Human kind has to move as a team of bold activists and turn out heavily to put their words and opinions at work. 

If we hold to our tribal customs, our illusory identities, our comfortable lifestyles, our chimerical convictions… then all is lost. 

The team has to support the weakest member as difficulties surge and be confronted collectively.  The best means is to include the weakest members in the resolution programs so that they acquire the ropes, skills, and confidence to share in the task.

The third temptation braving the team is deciding on the target of the mission and it has to be a collective goal. There are no tops to reach in human progress but there are defining phases. 

We are at the dawn of Prehistory and a new kind of history has to be achieved and written. Tribal history has done its function but it is of no use for our current global problems.

National wars, religious wars disguised as ethical values, ideological wars, cultural wars, or war of “civilization” have been tried and they all failed to bring reprieve and salvation.

A new adventure for human kind is facing us boldly and we have to invent a new kind of history more appropriate to our survival. The new history should be focused on resuming our medical successes, eliminating pain and diseases, eradicating weapons of mass destruction, keeping us functional in old age, overcoming illiteracy, investing on continuing education, creating opportunities for various skills, desires, and achievements, preserving local languages and literature, managing human rights, and salvaging the dignity of every human being.

Frankly, The European Union is actually the main laboratory for confirming that “Tribal History” is exhaling its last breath.

That human dignity is not measured by fictitious apartheid scales based on color, religious affiliation or ethnic origins.

That humiliating man is not a point of view or can generate any temporary benefit. If God has been angry for millennia then man has an opportunity to prove that he can harness collective instinct for survival to reverse that anger and make God feels proud of his Creation.

Note: Donald Trump and his administration have opposed the UN trend into global cooperation, and explicitly showed the ugly “hegemony” of US financial system established after WW2, through blatant financial sanctions for $ money transfer, and imposing high taxes of economic trade goods that disturb its internal market, lavished lands that it does Not own…

I love to write: I love to read how My Style transforms all these ideas

I rarely quote a sentence: frequently, I change the idea that inspired me, in meaning and in style.

I am reading a book by Sacha Guitry and I enjoyed his humour, anecdotes and quotes.

Here is a list of his sentences and humoristic ideas that inspired me to change and transform:

On veut enterrer l’enfant anormal et on devient un adult, trop normal. Personne n’est satisfait de sa vie

Qu’est-ce que ca te coute, si tu a du talent a faire la cour aux femmes? Elles sont trop susceptible et assoiffées d’egard, et sont enchantees.

Soyez franc si ca te chante, mais ne doublez pas le débit.

L’homme malin, et qui veut paraître insolent, dit a une femme trop jolie, et qui le sait trop bien: “Demoiselle, tu me plais”

Il n’y aurait plus de problèmes de guerre entre les genres si les femmes oublient “l’Égalité” et se concentrent sur leur superiorite’

On est tous inconsolables, homme et femmes saines et “honnêtes”, d’avoir décliné les opportunités d’entreprendre de commettre les fautes, les plus graves.

La femme change, et bien trop vite que les hommes. A vous d’interpreter cette idiome: A vous d’essayer de changer pour rectifier votre point de vue.

La meilleure façon de conserver un mariage est de payer, et a chaque fois qu’on fait l’amour, sans rabais et en cash. Le plus riche du couple paie le plus souvent. Un bonus généreux fait long feu, quand ca vient de la femme. C’est la definition meme de “Courtiser“. L’argent reste dans la famille, mais le Zest de faire l’amour n’a pas de prix.

Seulement les gens qui gagne leur vie convenablement (homme Et femme), on droit a un marriage plutot satisfaisant. Tous les autres cas sont du type esclavagiste, pure et simple. Et les excuses sont celles d’esclaves. No taxation without representation

Tout événement qui marque l’esprit commence par une comédie et se termine par un drame. Et vice versa. Plutôt chercher un événement qui commence dans un drame. Iza zamatna, zabat.

“Tu as rencontré la femme de ta vie ou l’idée d’Amour ce matin? Peut-être elle n’ est pas Ta femme que tu as rencontré: Elle cherche un mari qui gagne sa vie convenablement”

Dans les deux cas, on fait faillite: 1) On ne peut pas rendre son epouse heureuse a Notre idee 2) On ne peut pas rendre l’épouse malheureuse a Notre façon.

Est-ce quand on dit a une femme “Je t’aime”, ca veut dire que les autres femmes doivent prendre le deuil?

Entre hommes, on ne se complimente que sur ses maîtresses? Les hommes ont un sens inne’ pour les jeux risque’ ou’ la banque gagne toujours.

Comment apprendre a être positive dans les divorces? Ce serait chouette que les amants se marient: ils sont toujours aveugles et je prend délice de cette vengeance.

On quitte ou on reste: un processus a répétition…selon l’âge et les talents acquisent.

Entre couple, tromper la maitresse ou le dandy, peut donner l’impression de redevenir fidèle.

Les actrices sont généralement meilleures que les acteurs: Elles poursuivent leur job primaire de Courtisanes

Generalement, on est cruel quand on aime: la cruauté se transfère aux maîtresses et dandy.

Mentir entre les couples doit être la norme et il faut l’apprendre comme un acteur/actrice professionnel: mentir donne l’impression salubre qu’on se rembourse, un catalyst irresistible.

Une jolie et élégante femme sait et sent toujours qu’on la regarde: le plus souvent de dos.

L’imagination trompeur: celui/celle qui est absent a un charme irrésistible.

On épouse de jolie femmes (quand on est jeune ou vieux) et on se rend compte qu’on a fait le bon choix lorsqu’un autre nous en délivre.

La coutume que la femme doit traîner après le mari est nocif a l’homme: A chaque fois, la femme se demande si ce dot la convient.

La vie a deux, se surveiller soi-même et surveiller l’autre, pour retenir la dignité et la complaisance, est une occupation trop demandante. J’aime ce qui me fait sentir confortable et qui correspond aux exigences corporelles de la vie. Ces remarques ne s’appliquent souvent pas a plus de deux personnes: le chaos detruit les regles

Être “fait”pour vivre ensemble n’entraîne pas nécessairement qu’on puisse vivre ensemble: Comprenez “ensemble” dans toutes ses formes sociales.

Il parait que les couples doivent se “rencontrer” plus souvent: Manière de tester le potentiel de leur charme.

Une vaste différence entre “on s’ennuie” et “avoir des ennuies”. Cette différence s’applique entre célibat et mariage. Vaste difference en consequences: On peut altérer une situation “d’ennuie”.

Une autre vaste différence entre penser et agir a ce qui nous donnerait du plaisir; en relation humaine, bien entendu.

Des mots spirituels sont jolis, occasionnellement. Le sens de l ‘humour est perpetuel et qui allonge la jouvence.

Dommage. Si les gens que tu connaissent n’avaient pas un secret espoir/plaisir de te voir malheureux.

J’ai la prétention de ne pas plaire a tout le monde: ceux qui croient me connaître.

Urgent. Confirmer la nouvelle règle: tu n’est pas libre de n’avoir pas une opinion sur le dérangement de ce monde.

La femme maligne, elles le sont souvent, marie un homme “ordinaire” à son second marriage, ou le troisième.., selon l’age: elle rechigne de se faire tromper.

Il n’y a pas de bordels d’hommes: ils ne sont jamais doués pour ce job a succession, et ca coûterait trop chère pour survivre.

Le mariage est institué’ pour faciliter le bon fonctionnement des institutions des Etats: la liberte’ et l’independance sont mattes a un grand echelle.

Les femmes s’habillent selon la convoitise des yeux des hommes

La vie a octroyé à la femme “saine sexuellement”, le droit de se marier a succession. Les hommes sains et indépendant doivent être soulager.

Quand je m’éveille, je garde les yeux fermés et je me débrouille à rassembler les miettes de la vie: les exercices de respiration, les roulements des yeux, les échappements des gaz…

Je m’amuse beaucoup lorsque je m’ennui: Je choisis les sujets moi-meme et ca ne traine pas. C’est plus chouette de penser quand on s’étire au lit.

Mon prenom Adonis est deja fait: comment établir mon nom?

Les gens que je ne connais pas ne me detestent pas: Je laisse cette prérogative aux parents et cousins

Selon la loi commune, je suis toujours un fils: n’ayant pas essayé d’avoir d’enfants. Et pourtant, il n’y a plus personne pour me gâter.

Chaque jour je fais tomber le rideau. Et par magie, le rideau se releve. Je crois désormais aux miracles.

Tant que je crois ne pas être une cible, je suis satisfait d’être un point de mire.

La poule ou l’oeuf? Cocu ou avoir été trompé? Et vice versa. Il n’y a pas de cocus ou caucuses: c’est se sentir trop solitaire, stupid.

Note: Sacha divorced 4 times. Why I didn’t get married? I never could earn a convenient living? I lacked training in communicating conveniently in order to sustain daily interrogation? I was Not the type for women to fall in love with on her first wedding? Honest with my limitations, all the way?

Ali Hamieh posted
جنوب وجنوب-شرق الأناضول… لنا‎
✍️ د. علي حمية*
في مقال سابق تحت عنوان “العقبة وتبوك وعرعر… لنا” (الأخبار، 21 كانون الثاني 2016) عرضت بالتفصيل كيف استولى آل سعود، في

غفلة عن السوريين، وبتزكية من الإنكليز، على مناطق واسعة وغنية من الأراضي السورية الواقعة إلى الجنوب الشرقي من سورية، في ما يُعرف بـ“بادية الشام”، تُقدّر بأكثر من 250.000 ألف كلم2،

وأظهرت أن عوامل عديدة، داخلية وخارجية، حربية وسياسية، أدّت إلى سيطرة قبائل عربية بأمرة السعوديين على تلك المناطق التي كانت قد تحرّرت، إبان الحرب العالمية الأولى، من النير العثماني.
في الفترة نفسها، وفي مرحلة ما بين الحربين العالميتين، استولى الأتراك، في الشمال، على منطقة كيليكية ولواء الإسكندرون. وقد بارك

الفرنسيون المنتدبون على سورية هذه الغنيمة الثمينة التي فاز بها الأتراك مع أنهم خسروا، كدولة منتدبة، جزءاً لا يُستهان به من (حصّتهم) في البلاد السورية التي كانوا قد تقاسموها سراً مع الأنغليز بموجب إتفاق “سايكس – بيكو” الذي عُقد بين الطرفين سنة 1916.
بين تركيا البيئة الجغرافية الطبيعية وتركيا الجمهورية السياسية الناشئة حديثاً بعد الحرب العالمية الأولى بون شاسع سواء في المساحة أو السكان أو الموارد الطبيعية.

فتركيا الجغرافية تتألف من هضبة الأناضول، أما تركيا السياسية فتشمل، بالإضافة إلى الأناضول، مناطق سورية واسعة تمتاز بغنى أراضيها وتدفق أنهارها وتنوع مواردها الطبيعية والبشرية وتصل مساحتها، في تقديرات غير نهائية، إلى حوالى 250.000 ألف كلم2 ويقطنها حوالى 25 مليون سوري من أصول آشورية وكردية وعربية وصابئة وأرمن… الخ.

وكانت تركيا العثمانية فتركيا “الكمالية” (نسبة إلى كماال أتاتورك) قد ضمّت، على مراحل متتالية، هذه المناطق إلى بيئتها الجغرافية الأصلية في الأناضول، حيث بدأت تُعرف في الاستعمال السياسي الجاري، بـ”جنوب الأناضول” و”جنوب شرق الأناضول“.
وفي التفاصيل، أنه بعد قرون من التسلط العثماني على سورية فقدت خلالها سيادتها على وطنها ومواردها، وقعت البلاد السورية، مجدداً،

تحت الاحتلال الأجنبي وتمّ تقسيمها، بموجب اتفاقية سايكس- بيكو، إلى منطقتي نفوذ: واحدة فرنسية وثانية بريطانية،

فاغتنم الأتراك الصراع الناشب، يومها، بين دول «المحور» والدول المدعوة ديموقراطية، واستولوا في العشرينيات من القرن الماضي على كيليكية المحاذية، من جهة الشمال، لجبال طوروس الغربية.

كما استولوا، في نهاية الثلاثينيات من القرن نفسه، على منطقة الإسكندرون ومدينة أنطاكية التاريخية. وكانوا قد استولوا إبان الحقبة العثمانية، بوصفهم دولة الخلافة الإسلامية، على منطقة أعالي دجلة والفرات الغنية بمياهها وجبالها وأنهارها وبحيراتها وطبيعتها الخلابة.

ولا تزال حلب والموصل ومنطقة «الجزيرة» العليا، حتى اليوم، مهدّدة بتوسع تركي جديد، يتّخذ من التطورات الجارية في سورية ذريعة للتدخل والاحتلال وتحقيق الأطماع الطورانية التاريخية في بلاد سوراقية (الشام والعراق).

فهل سيؤدي الصراع الدائر، اليوم، بين سورية ودول الجوار، من مستعربين وعثمانيين جدد متصهينة، إلى إعادة فتح ملف المناطق السورية المحتلة فيبدأ العمل لاستعادتها وتحريرها من نير الاحتلال التركي، أم أن هذا الملف سيُطوى، مرة ثانية، ويتم الصفح عن أخطاء “الكتلة الوطنية” التي تنازلت، في الماضي، عن لواء الإسكندرونة كما كانت مستعدة للتنازل عن حلب والجزيرة، لو استمرّت في الحكم؟
إن احتلال تركيا لهذه المناطق الواسعة من بلاد الشام قد تمّ، بالتدريج وعلى مراحل، من دون ان تتحرك حكومة أو هيئة سورية للدفاع عنها،

كأنها أراضِ مهجورة أو كأن أحداً لا ينتمي إليها!
في المرحلة الأولى حيث ظهرت الإمبراطورية العثمانية على المسرح السياسي العالمي كقوة مرهوبة الجانب في مواجهة جارتيها: الإمبراطورية الفارسية الصفوية والإمبراطورية الروسية القيصرية، قضمت الإمبراطورية الجديدة معظم مرتفعات أعالي دجلة والفرات الواقعة في شرق الأناضول والمحاذية لكل من إيران وبلاد ما بين النهرين وأرمينية، حيث يتفجّر هذان النهران الكبيران في المنحنى الكبير ما بين جبال البختياري وطوروس، وتربض بالقرب من منابعهما بحيرة “وان” (3765 كلم2) فبحيرة “نمرود” المشهورة بمنتجعاتها ومياهها العذبة وبحيرة “اورمية” (7000 كلم2) التي تتبع حالياً إيران.

كذلك، ضمّت «الدولة العلية» إلى ممتلكاتها، في الفترة نفسها، منطقة ديار بكر التي تمتد بين أعالي دجلة والفرات من جهة وجنوب الأناضول،

من جهة ثانية. وتشمل هذه المنطقة عدداً من المدن أهمها:
• ديار بكر، وهي مدينة قديمة جداً، مشهورة بقلعتها، وخاناتها، وأسواقها القديمة، وأصبحت بدءاً من عام 1232 عاصمة للملوك الأيوبيين قبل سقوطها بيد العثمانيين في عام 1416.

سميساط التي كانت، لفترة، عاصمة الكوماجين-

ديار بكر، اليوم، اشتُهر من أعلامها الكاتب والمؤرخ والناقد السوري لوقيان السميساطي. أورفة (الرها) التي أدّت وجارتها سميساط دوراً ثقافياً رائداً في شمالي سورية وما بين النهرين، في الألفية الأولى للميلاد.

وعنتاب. آل عزيز أو خربوط، قديماً. وملاطيه المدينة التاريخية، التي كانت معبراً إلى بلاد ما بين النهرين وهي، الآن، كبيرة وحديثة.
ماردين، المدينة القديمة المبنية فوق الجبل تشتهر بقلعتها، وأسواقها ومراكزها الدينية، وفيها الأديرة النسطورية القديمة، وما زالت مركزاً دينياً مهماً؛ بيوتها مبنية من حجر الجبل، ومن ضواحيها المهمة والتاريخية مديات وكان فيها عدة كنائس وأبرشية.

وحرّان، المدينة التاريخية المشهورة بمركزها الديني والثقافي المتميّز على امتداد القرون الأولى للمسيحية.
المرحلة الثانية بدأت إبان الفترة الكمالية في تركية حيث أعلن أتاتورك رسمياً، سنة 1925، سقوط الخلافة العثمانية وإعلان الجمهورية التركية الحديثة.

وبينما كانت سورية تتخبط في قضاياها الجزئية، من دينية ومذهبية وإثنية، كانت تركية الحديثة، الموحدة الروحية والعصبية القومية، تتحفز للنهوض من سقطتها في الحرب الكبرى. وما أن أحدث مصطفى كمال ثورته حتى وجّه اهتمامه إلى منطقة كيليكية التي هي من أغنى مناطق سورية.

فلم يطل الأمر حتى سلم الفرنسيون للأتراك تلك المنطقة بأكملها من أنطاليا، في الغرب، حتى تخوم لواء الإسكندرون، في الشرق، بحجة أن فيها عدداً قليلاً من الأتراك. وكيليكية هذه تقع جنوب غرب جبال طوروس، وعُرفت، تاريخياً، بـ«بواباتها» الاستراتيجية الشهيرة، أي بالمداخل التي لا بدّ لأي جيش قادم من جهة الأناضول في اتجاه الجنوب (سورية) من محاولة العبور منها.

وتحتضن كيليكية نهري جيحون (أو جيحان) وسيحون (أو سيحان ) اللذين يرويان الأراضي الخصبة ما بين أفسس ومرعش وأضنة وطرسوس ومرسين المحتلة أيضاً.

هذان النهران لا يمتان بصلة لنهرين آخرين يحملان الاسم نفسه وورد ذكرهما في مراجع إسلامية قديمة وبأنهما ينتميان، من حيث المنبع والمجرى والمصب، إلى آسية الوسطى: نواحي سمرقند، وبخارى، وطشقند، وبحر خوارزم (مجلة التراث العربي، العددان 5/ 6، دمشق).

ومن مدن كيليكية المهمة، أيضاً، نذكر أنطالية، قونية، قيصرية والبستان. استعملها الجيش الآشوري، مدة من الزمن، قاعدة ينطلق منها إلى جبال طوروس.

ونظراً لأهميتها الاستراتيجية، فإن كيليكية كانت وتبقى موقعاً ضرورياً جداً لسلامة سورية الطبيعية كلها، وليس فقط لسلامة منطقة أضنة – مرعش ومنطقة الإسكندرونة – حلب.
في المرحلة الثالثة التي سبقت الحرب العالمية الثانية بأشهر معدودة، تمّت لتركية السيطرة الكاملة على منطقة جنوب وجنوب شرق الأناضول باحتلالها لواء الإسكندرون ومدينة أنطاكية، مستغلة ضعف فرنسا وبريطانيا أمام دول المحور: ألمانيا وإيطاليا، من جهة وانشغال حكومة الشام والساسة السوريين، من جهة أخرى، بقضايا تافهة لا تتعدى مسألة التزاحم على الحكم.

يتألف لواء الإسكندرون الذي يلتف حول خليج الإسكندرونة البديع، من مدينة الإسكندرونة، والميناء، ومدينة بيلان التي تقع على سفح جبل اللكام (الأمانوس) والتي تطوّرت مع الزمان من قرية حتى صارت مصيفاً لأهل الإسكندرونة،

وفي عام 1939 تمّ سلخها عن سورية حين منحتها فرنسا إلى تركية كبقية مدن اللواء السليب. أما أنطاكية درّة اللواء السليب، وعاصمة سورية في العهد السلوقي، ومركز البطريركية المشرقية للطوائف المسيحية كافة، فقد سمّاها المؤرخ أميانوس مارسيلينوس الأنطاكي بـ«تاج الشرق الجميل» كونها أبدع مدن العالم المتحضّر آنذاك فلم تكن تُضاهيها في الشرق، من حيث اتساع الرقعة والجمال، إلا مدينتا الإسكندرية والقسطنطينية.

احتلها الصليبيون سنة 1098 فكانت أول مدينة سورية تُحتل من قبلهم أثناء حملتهم الأولى، وأسّسوا فيها (إمارة أنطاكية الصليبية). ثم احتلها العثمانيون سنة 1516، وسُلخت عن وطنها- الأم، نهائياً، حين منحتها فرنسا، الدولة المنتدبة على سورية، لتركيا سنة 1939.
قول سعاده، صاحب الدعوة إلى القومية السورية، عن هذه المرحلة الأليمة من تاريخ سورية الحديث: «اغتنم الأتراك ضعف فرنسا الخارجة

من الحرب منهوكة القوى، وضعف سورية الذي كان نتيجة تسلطهم، واستولوا على كيليكية التي هي الجزء الشمالي الأعلى من سورية. ثم استولوا على منطقة الإسكندرون الهامة ومدينة أنطاكية التاريخية التي كانت العاصمة السورية في عهد الإمبراطورية السورية، حقبة البيت السلوقي. ولا تزال حلب ومنطقة «الجزيرة» العليا مهدّدة بتوسع تركي جديد» (سعاده، الأعمال الكاملة، م 8، ص 63). والسائح في تلك الجهات، وفي تلك الفترة بالذات، يشعر بفعل الدعاوات التركية المستمر بينما «الحكومة الكتلوية» في الشام غارقة في المنازعات الداخلية على الأساس الحزبي الضيق، ينقل إلينا الرواة من مؤرخين وصحافيين وسياسيين معاصرين لتلك الحقبة.
وقد أمكن لتركيا العثمانية وتركيا الجمهورية الحديثة السيطرة على هذه المناطق، دون حصول ردات فعل جديرة بالاهتمام، بسبب عوامل عديدة أهمها:
• خضوع سورية لقرون طويلة للتسلط الأجنبي حيث لم تكن فيها نهضة قومية تقاوم خطط التسلط والاستعمار. فما كادت تعود إلى إثبات شخصيتها على عهد الإمبراطورية الرومانية الشرقية (البيزنطية) حتى جاءها الفتح العربي الذي اقتضى تغيير لغتها، ثمّ جاء فتح المغول الذي نكب البلاد وهدم دمشق، ثم عقبه الفتح التركي القاهر الذي تمّ فيه احتلال معظم مناطقها الشمالية والشمالية الشرقية المحاذية للأناضول. هذه الحوادث المتعاقبة التي تكوّن حروب الفرنجة (الصليبية) فصلاً هاماً من فصولها، قطعت المجرى الثقافي القومي الذي كان سائرا: ساكناً حيناً، وخلاقاً أحياناً، متوتراً تارة، ومبدعاً أطواراً، وأوجدت حالة، على امتداد الجغرافية السورية، سادت فيها الفوضى الاجتماعية والاقتصادية.
في هذه الحقبة، حقبة التسلط الأجنبي، عرفت سورية استعبادين: الخضوع للإقطاعي «الوطني» المتحكم في رقاب الفلاحين، وخضوع مجموع الأمة للطاغية الأجنبي. تحت هذا النير المزدوج: الداخلي والخارجي معاً، وقفت الثقافة السورية عند الحدّ الذي كانت قد بلغته لحظة خضوعها للأجنبي، فلم يحدث أي تطور جديد، لا في العمران ولا في الاقتصاد ولا في السياسة، لا في الثقافة المادية ولا في الثقافة النفسية، بشكل عام. وظلت الحياة تجري ضمن مؤسسات المذاهب الدينية والإقطاع ومشيخة العشائر في بعض الأنحاء، فلا يفتح سوري عينيه إلا على طائفته أو عشيرته أو سيده (سعاده، الأعمال الكاملة، م7، ص 344 ).
• التركيبة الديموغرافية متعدّدة الأديان والمذاهب والإثنيات (42 طائفة وإثنية) التي حالت، في أغلب الأحيان، دون تبلور موقف سوري قومي جامع، يوحد رؤيتها وبالتالي موقفها من الأخطار الخارجية والداخلية المتربصة بها. فبقي المسلم مسلماً والمسيحي مسيحياً، والكردي كردياً، والآشوري آشورياً، والشركسي شركسياً… الخ. الأمر الذي أتاح لتركيا والدول الاستعمارية الأخرى، في ما بعد، حرية الحركة والمناورة فدكّت إسفين الحقد والفتنة بين عناصر هذه المكونات قاطبة، عاملة على تمزيقها وتفتيتها وبثّ الدعاوى المضللة بينها.
• التعصب الديني بين عثمانيين ذوي أكثرية سنيّة يحكمون سورية الغربية (البيزنطية) وصفويين ذوي أكثرية شيعية يُسيطرون على سورية الشرقية (العراق). هذا التعصّب، في حقيقته، أخفى صراعاً تركياً – فارسياً على السيطرة والنفوذ في إقليم الهلال الخصيب، تعصباً تلجأ إليه الدول، أحياناً، لتحافظ على استقلالها الروحي فلا تخضع لأمة أخرى. هكذا، لجأ الفرس إلى الشيعة، في القرون المتأخرة، ليُحدثوا انقساماً مذهبياً يتخلصون فيه من سيطرة سورية «العثمانية» السنيّة، لتصبح السيطرة فيهم، وتمسّكت سورية، من جهتها، بالمذهب السنّي ممالأة العثمانيين لكي لا تخضع للفرس (سعاده، نشوء الأمم، ص 162). الأمر الذي جعل كل سوري متعصّباً لمذهبه، عاداً أتباعه إخوة له في الدين، ولو كانوا محتلين لبلاده أو طامعين فيها. ما أدّى إلى إطالة أمد النفوذ التركي والفارسي في الإقليم الجغرافي السوري إلى نهاية الحرب العالمية الأولى، بعد أن تمكن الأتراك والإيرانيون، برضى الفرنسيين والبريطانيين، من الفوز بغنائم كبيرة من هذا الإقليم.
إن التمدّد التركي في اتجاه الهلال الخصيب حصل، إذاً، بالتتابع، في عهد الخلافة العثمانية والعهد التركي الحديث. فإذا كانت «الرابطة العثمانية» وبالتالي «الخلافة الإسلامية» قد لعبت، كل منهما، دوراً محورياً في رضوخ السوريين (باعتبارهم «رعايا عثمانيين» ومسلمين في غالبيتهم) للهيمنة العثمانية حوالى أربعة قرون متتالية وبالتالي، سكوتهم، عن سيطرة تركيا العثمانية على أعالي دجلة والفرات، حيث منبع هذين النهرين العظيمين وعدد كبير من البحيرات الحلوة، فإن الحكومات السورية «الوطنية» إبان الفترة الانتدابية والفترة الاستقلالية تتحمل المسؤولية كاملة في قضم تركيا «الكمالية» لمزيد من الأراضي السورية الشمالية، لا سيّما منطقة كيليكية ولواء الإسكندرون، في فترة ما بين الحربين العالميتين.
ففي مسألة الإسكندرون، مثلاً، تمكنت تركيا، كما سبقت الإشارة، من توليد ضغط كاف على فرنسة وبريطانية الدولتين المنتدبتين على سورية لحملهما على الاقتناع بأن انتصار المطامع التركية في سورية يُقرّب بين مصالح تركية ومصالحهما. وساعد تركيا على اغتنام هذه الفرصة خلو سورية مدة طويلة من الزمن من المنظمات القومية الحديثة، ذات الأهداف المحدّدة والخطط الواضحة، التي ترفع مبدأ السيادة القومية هدفاً لها، فلم يُقابل مناوراتها شيء مثلها من الجانب السوري. فتمكنت تركية من إقناع فرنسة بالتنازل عن لواء الإسكندرون وضمّه إلى أراضيها. أما سورية – تذكر المراجع- فقد اكتفت بأن هاجت فيها الخواطر لهذا الحادث الأليم، ولكن الأمر وقف عند هذا الحدّ لأن حكومة دمشق المعنية قبل غيرها بالدفاع عن مصالح الأمة وحقوقها كانت نظاماً مشلولاً بليداً لا يصلح لأي شيء.
والأنكى من ذلك، أن رجال الحكم في الشام اعتبروا أن نفاذ الأتراك إلى المنطقة الجبلية الوحيدة الباقية لتحصين الدولة (السورية) في الشمال هي شيء لا يُفيد الأتراك كثيراً ولا يُحسب خسارة للسوريين. ففي نظر هؤلاء السياسيين الخنفشاريين، فإن هضاب أنطاكية والأمانوس لا تصلح لاستحكامات الدفاع عن الأرض السورية، وأن الأتراك، باحتلالهم تلك الهضاب، جلبوا لأنفسهم المشاكل. هكذا كان العقم «الكتلوي» الباهر يُقارب القضايا القومية الخطيرة باللامبالاة!
ولا يكتفي الأتراك بما احتلوه من أراض سورية في الماضي، بل هم يتطلعون الآن إلى ما بعد الإسكندرون، إلى حلب والموصل والجزيرة الفراتية كلها. وحجتهم في ذلك كانت، دائماً، في وجود جماعات من أصول تركمانية موالية، على زعمهم، لتركية، وأخرى كردية «تُقلق» راحتهم على الحدود. ولو لم يكن هنالك أكراد أو تركمان لما عدمت الحكومة التركية عذراً أو حجة.
لكن، كما لم يكن للكتلة الوطنية، في الماضي، من حقّ في التنازل عن أي شبر من الأرض السورية، لأي سبب كان، كذلك ليس من حق، حزب أو نظام آخر، اليوم، التنازل عن أي حبة تراب من الوطن القومي مهما كانت قيمتها، في نظره، وضيعة. فـ» الوطن القومي – يقول سعاده- ملك عام لا يجوز، حتى ولأفراد سوريين، التصرف بشبر من أرضه تصرفاً يلغي، أو يمكن أن يلغي، فكرة الوطن الواحد وسلامة وحدة هذا الوطن الضرورية لسلامة وحدة الأمة» (سعاده، كتاب التعاليم، ص11).
في التوطئة لهذا البحث، ذكرت أن «السعوديين» والأتراك استولوا، في مرحلة انعدام السيادة السورية القومية، وفي ظل تآمر دولي فرنسي وبريطاني، على مناطق واسعة وغنية من سورية الجغرافية قاربت ثلث مساحتها تقريباً. فسورية كانت صيداً ثميناً لكلا الطرفين اللذين لم يقفا عند الحدّ الذي بلغاه من اقتطاع هذا الكم الهائل من الأراضي السورية، فأطماعهما بالمزيد منها ما يزالان يُداعبان مخيّلة الحكام في كل من أنقرة والرياض. إن الخطر التركي الذي كان كامناً، لفترة طويلة، هو الآن خطر مداهم، بل مهاجم: لقد ابتدأ بكيليكية والإسكندرون وديار بكر، في الشمال، وفي أهدافه أن يستولي على الموصل وحلب ومنطقة الجزيرة العليا، وأن ينتهي في صنين، في أعالي جبال لبنان. وكذلك الأمر بالنسبة لآل سعود الذين تدغدغ مخيلتهم أيضاً غزوة كربلاء في جنوبي العراق، في أواخر القرن الثامن عشر، وغزوة العقبة وشرقي الأردن في ثلاثينيات القرن الماضي، حيث اضطروا إلى التراجع عنهما، خائبين، مكرهين!

المراجع:
1 ـ داوني، جلانفيل: أنطاكية في عهد ثيودوسيوس الكبير، مؤسسة فرنكلين، نيويورك، 1968.
2 ـ سعاده، أنطون: الأعمال الكاملة، مؤسسة سعاده للنشر، بيروت 2001.
3 ـ أحمد، أحم

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André JazzarDec 7, 2020, 6:21 PM (2 days ago)
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ArabicEnglish   Translate messageTurn off for: Arabic(interesting. it is about integral syria.) (not only french picot(ine) actual “syrian arab republic”.)A.

Work of French Special services? This terrorist activities in Vienne?

Note: I find this conjecture plausible. The French special services have been active since 1950 and involved in many pre-emptive wars and civil wars in their previous colonies.

Autriche – L’attentat terroriste sous faux drapeaux de Vienne commandité par les services spéciaux français

Apparently, France felt isolated in Europe after its vehement anti-Islam pronouncements and decisions, and it wanted to prove that it was very legitimate.

By Strategika 51.

Selon des informations recueillies, l’opération terroriste de Vienne en Autriche est une opération sous faux drapeaux supervisée cette fois directement par les services spéciaux français visant à briser l’isolement de Paris sur la scène internationale 

Les terroristes, très jeunes (certains sont nés en 2000) et contre toute logique habillés de blanc au lieu de treillis de camouflage ou de noir sont originaires de régions comme la Macédoine du Nord et le Kosovo dans les Balkans.

Une région où l’Otan a favorisé la création de camp d’entraînement pour la chair à canon de l’Empire.

Ils étaient armés de fusils d’assaut Zastava M70AB2 et ne cherchaient même pas à se cacher, ni des caméras de surveillance et encore moins des badauds.

Le choix d’une synagogue dans l’ancienne capitale du défunt Empire Austro-Hongrois démontre que les commanditaires de cette attentat-spectacle se sont basés sur un ensemble de référents culturels et symboliques assez orientés.

Paradoxalement, deux des mercenaires envoyés par Paris en Autriche ont été mis en échec par des ressortissants turcs vivant dans ce pays. Un troisième a été abattu par la police autrichienne.

Cette opération terroriste a fait quatre morts et 14 blessés est plus qu’étrange.

Des terroristes tirant au hasard sur des passants sans discernement aucun comme ce fut le cas en Irak lors de la première émergence de Daech avec des armes et des véhicules 4×4 flambant neufs relèvent d’un scénario d’un film Chuck Norris (Invasion USA, 1985).

Le scénario de Vienne est grotesque, grossier et flagrant.

L’allégeance supposée de très jeunes mercenaires à Daech alors que cette organisation terroriste créée par l’Empire USA et ses vassaux n’est plus qu’un épouvantail enfonce le clou.

Pour la secte au pouvoir à Paris et surtout ceux qui l’utilisent comme écran de fumée, tous les moyens sont bons pour justifier une politique délirante tentant de ressusciter et faire perdurer le mythe de la guerre sans fin contre la terreur.

Un concept que le camp de Joe Biden s’apprête à utiliser à nouveau en cas du retour au pouvoir des néo-conservateurs US à la tête de l’Empire.

Paris soutient les adversaires de Donald Trump et amorce un virage dangereux en commanditant les actes terroristes sur le territoire de pays d’Europe occidentale et centrale.

Simultanément, la défense française se targue d’avoir éliminé, par des bombardements aériens combinés, une cinquantaine de « contrebandiers » sahéliens à la frontière entre le Mali et le Burkina Faso dans ce qui s’apparente à un délire en vase clos auquel la secte au pouvoir à Paris veut faire adhérer « ses partenaires » européens et africains.

Ce délire est de même nature que celui destiné aux populations de France au sujet de la gestion anarchique d’un re-confinement burlesque et discriminatoire en termes de libertés individuelles et collectives.

Il aurait donc fallu pour que les Émirats Arabes Unis, très grands financiers de France, soutiennent Macron pour que la secte au pouvoir à Paris se sent le vent en poupe.

Nous sommes probablement l’un des rares réseaux à avoir affirmé que l’avenir de la guerre hybride se basait sur les chiens de guerre ou mercenaires d’un genre nouveau, très jeunes et recrutés d’Europe de l’Est, du Caucase et d’Asie centrale.

L’outil du terrorisme islamiste à la sauce des réseaux de l’Est ne fait plus recette en dépit de l’acharnement de Paris à le ressusciter.

Cet acharnement semble incompréhensible pour beaucoup de pays et d’observateurs sauf si on le met en lien avec la guerre au sommet du pouvoir américain où se joue l’une des élections présidentielles les plus importantes de l’histoire des États-Unis et celle du monde.

La France soutient le camp des bellicistes et souscrit sans réserve aucune à la thèse du choc des civilisations.

Ce n’est point un hasard si les affiches de très mauvais goût de Sasha Baron Cohen envahissent l’espace public en France pour promouvoir le port obligatoire de muselière humaine en attendant la suppression de toutes les libertés.

source : https://strategika51.org


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