Adonis Diaries

Did you fail to have a great career? Listen and retry

I want to discuss with you why you’re going to fail to have a great career. (Laughter)

I’m an economist. I do dismal. End of the day, it’s ready for dismal remarks.

I only want to talk to those of you who want a great career. I know some of you have already decided you want a good career.

You’re going to fail, too — (Laughter) — because — Goodness, you’re all cheery about failing.  Canadian group, undoubtedly. (Laughter)

Those trying to have good careers are going to fail, because, really, good jobs are now disappearing.

There are great jobs and great careers, and then there are the high-workload, high-stress, bloodsucking, soul-destroying kinds of jobs, and practically nothing in between.

1:07 So the people looking for good jobs are going to fail.

I’m going to talk about those looking for great jobs, great careers, and why you’re going to, why you’re going to fail.

First reason is that no matter how many times people tell you, “If you want a great career, you have to pursue your passion, you have to pursue your dreams, you have to pursue, the greatest fascination in your life,” you hear it again and again and then you decide not to do it.

It doesn’t matter how many times you download Steven J.’s Stanford commencement address, you still look at it and decide not to do it.

1:46 I’m not quite sure why you decide not to do it. You’re too lazy to do it. It’s too hard.

You’re afraid if you look for your passion and don’t find it, you’ll feel like you’re an idiot, so then you make excuses about why you’re not going to look for your passion.

And they are excuses, ladies and gentlemen. We’re going to go through a whole long list, your creativity, and thinking of excuses not to do what you really need to do if you want to have a great career.

2:09 So, for example, one of your great excuses is, “Well, great careers are really and truly, for most people, just a matter of luck, so I’m going to stand around, I’m going to try to be lucky, and if I’m lucky, I’ll have a great career. If not, I’ll have a good career.”

But a good career is an impossibility, so that’s not going to work.

2:33 Then, your other excuse is, “Yes, there are special people who pursue their passions, but they are geniuses. They are Steven J. I’m not a genius.

When I was five, I thought I was a genius, but my professors have beaten that idea out of my head long since.” (Laughter) Mm? “And now I know I am completely competent.”

Now, you see, if this was 1950, being completely competent, that would have given you a great career.

But guess what? This is almost 2012, and saying to the world, “I am totally, completely competent,” is damning yourself with the faintest of praise.

3:16 And then, of course, another excuse:

“Well, I would do this, I would do this, but, but, well, after all, I’m not weird. Everybody knows that people who pursue their passions are somewhat obsessive. A little strange? Mm? Mm? Okay? You know, a fine line between madness and genius. I’m not weird. I’ve read Steven J.’s biography.

Oh my goodness. I am not that person. I am nice. I am normal. I’m a nice, normal person, and nice, normal people don’t have passion. Ah. But I still want a great career. I’m not prepared to pursue my passion, so I know what I’m going to do, because I have, I have a solution, I have a strategy. It’s the one Mommy and Daddy told me about. Mommy and Daddy told me that if I worked hard, I’d have a good career. So, if you work hard and have a good career, if you work really, really, really hard, you’ll have a great career. Doesn’t that, like, mathematically make sense?” Hmm. Not. (Laughter) But you’ve managed to talk yourself into that.

4:24 You know what? Here’s a little secret. You want to work? You want to work really, really, really hard? You know what? You’ll succeed. The world will give you the opportunity to work really, really, really, really hard, but are you so sure that that’s going to give you a great career when all the evidence is to the contrary?

4:45 So let’s assume, let’s deal with those of you who are trying to find your passion. You actually understand that you really had better do it, never mind the excuses. You’re trying to find your passion, and you’re so happy. You found something you’re interested in.

5:03 I have an interest! I have an interest! You tell me. You say, “I have an interest!” I say, “That’s wonderful! And what, what are you trying to tell me? That you — “ “Well, I have an interest.” I say, “Do you have passion?” “I have an interest,” you say. Your interest is compared to what?

“Well, I’m interested in this.” And what about the rest of humanity’s activities? “I’m not interested in them.” You’ve looked at them all, have you? “No. Not exactly.”

5:31 Passion is your greatest love. Passion is the thing that will help you create the highest expression of your talent. Passion, interest — it’s not the same thing. Are you really going to go to your sweetie and say, “Marry me! You’re interesting.” (Laughter) Won’t happen. Won’t happen, and you will die alone. (Laughter)

5:58 What you want, what you want, what you want, is passion. It is beyond interest. You need 20 interests, and then one of them, one of them might grab you, one of them might engage you more than anything else, and then you may have found your greatest love in comparison to all the other things that interest you, and that’s what passion is.

6:21 I have a friend, proposed to his sweetie. He was an economically rational person. He said to his sweetie, “Let us marry. Let us merge our interests.”

6:34 (Laughter)

6:36 Yes he did. “I love you truly,” he said. “I love you deeply. I love you more than any other woman I’ve ever encountered. I love you more than Mary, Jane, Susie, Penelope, Ingrid, Gertrude, Gretel — I was on a German exchange program then.”

“I love you more than — “ All right! She left the room halfway through his enumeration of his love for her. After he got over his surprise at being, you know, turned down, he concluded he’d had a narrow escape from marrying an irrational person, although he did make a note to himself that the next time he proposed, it was perhaps not necessary to enumerate all of the women he had auditioned for the part. (Laughter)

7:30 But the point stands. You must look for alternatives so that you find your destiny, or are you afraid of the word “destiny”? Does the word “destiny” scare you? That’s what we’re talking about, and if you don’t find the highest expression of your talent, if you settle for “interesting,” what the hell ever that means, do you know what will happen at the end of your long life? Your friends and family will be gathered in the cemetery, and there, beside your gravesite will be a tombstone, and inscribed on that tombstone, it will say, “Here lies a distinguished engineer who invented Velcro.”

But what that tombstone should have said, in an alternative lifetime if it was your highest expression of talent, was, “Here lies the last Nobel Laureate in Physics, who formulated the Grand Unified Field Theory and demonstrated the practicality of warp drive.”

 Velcro, indeed. (Laughter)

8:38 One was a great career. One was a missed opportunity. But then, there are some of you, in spite of all these excuses, you will find, you will find your passion, and you’ll still fail.

8:59 You’re going to fail, because, because you’re not going to do it, because you will have invented a new excuse, any excuse to fail to take action, and this excuse I’ve heard so many times. “Yes, I would pursue a great career, but I value human relationships more than accomplishment. I want to be a great friend. I want to be a great spouse. I want to be a great parent, and I will not sacrifice them on the altar of great accomplishment.”

9:48 What do you want me to say? To tell you, “Really, I swear I don’t kick children.” (Laughter) Hmm? Look at the worldview you’ve given yourself. You’re a hero no matter what, and I, by suggesting, ever so delicately, that you might want a great career, must hate children. I don’t hate children. I don’t kick them. Yes, there was a little kid wandering through this building when I came here, and no, I didn’t kick him. (Laughter)

10:19 Course, I had to tell him that the building was for adults only and to get out. He mumbled something about his mother, and I told him she’d probably find him outside anyway. Last time I saw him, he was on the stairs crying. (Laughter) What a wimp. 

10:35 But what do you mean? That’s what you expect me to say. You really think, you really think it’s appropriate that you should actually take children and use them as a shield? You know what will happen someday, you, you ideal parent, you?

The kid will come to you someday and say, “I know what I want to be. I know what I’m going to do with my life.” You are so happy. It’s the conversation a parent wants to hear, because your kid’s good in math, and you know you’re going to like what comes next. Says your kid, “I have decided I want to be a magician. I want to perform magic tricks on the stage.” (Laughter)

11:19 And what do you say? You say, you say, “Umm … that’s risky, kid. Might fail, kid. Don’t make a lot of money at that, kid. You know, I don’t know, kid, you should think about that again, kid, you’re so good at math, why don’t you — “

11:35 And the kid interrupts you, and says, “But it is my dream. It is my dream to do this.” And what are you going to say? You know what you’re going to say? “Look kid. I had a dream once, too, but — but.” So how are you going to finish the sentence with your “but”? “… But. I had a dream too, once, kid, but I was afraid to pursue it.” Or, are you going to tell him this? “I had a dream once, kid. But then you were born.” (Laughter)


12:12 Do you, do you really want to use your family, do you really ever want to look at your spouse and your kid and see your jailers? There was something you could have said to your kid when he or she said, “I have a dream.” You could have said, looked the kid in the face, and said, “Go for it, kid, just like I did.” But you won’t be able to say that because you didn’t. So you can’t. (Laughter)

12:55 And so the sins of the parents are visited on the poor children. Why will you seek refuge in human relationships as your excuse not to find and pursue your passion? You know why. In your heart of hearts, you know why, and I’m being deadly serious. You know why you would get all warm and fuzzy and wrap yourself up in human relationships. It is because you are — You know what you are.

13:33 You’re afraid to pursue your passion. You’re afraid to look ridiculous. You’re afraid to try. You’re afraid you may fail. Great friend, great spouse, great parent, great career. Is that not a package? Is that not who you are? How can you be one without the other? But you’re afraid.

14:03 And that’s why you’re not going to have a great career, unless — unless, that most evocative of all English words — unless. But the unless word is also attached to that other, most terrifying phrase, “If only I had … “ “If only I had … “ If you ever have that thought ricocheting in your brain, it will hurt a lot.

14:44 So, those are the many reasons why you are going to fail to have a great career, unless

Patsy Z  shared this link

A funny, provocative talk on why we’re often afraid to pursue what we really want:

Larry Smith pulls no punches when he calls out the absurd excuses people invent when they fail to pursue their passions.|By Larry Smith



Love crazed, Wars.. in antiquity Arabic poems

Loving crazily Leila

I see us in my daydream: 2 gazelles

Peacefully grazing, in the distant pastures of Hawzan

I see us in the desert: 2 pigeons flying back to our nest

Two fish in the waves of the great sea

I see us together in the tomb.

Retreated far away from the world

We will watch a new life resuscitated.

The universe reunited, the meeting eternal

Majnun Layla (Qays ibn Mullawa3) was denied his wedding with cousin Leila and died very young.

After his death, the legend says that this poet was recognized as the poet laureate of the tribe.


War as described by Zuhair ibn Abi salma

War is what you have witnessed

It’s not a conjecture

As you ignite war, it surges abominable

As little you excite for war, war flares up

Out of control

War will grind you to the bones

Twice ignited per year, war will produces twins

As sinister as the red star Aad

The more you breastfeed these twins

The more devastated  and laid to waste are the villages in Iraq.

Zuhair ibn Abi Salma lived long and witnessed the emergence of Islam.

He is famous for the opening line:

When you live to be 80, without a father, you are doomed to boredom”

Stranded Rohingya migrants: Moslems fleeing from persecution in Myanmar are not rescued in sea by Indonesia and Malaysia

Finally, after intensive pressures from the world community,

Malaysia and Indonesia have agreed to take in the stranded Rohingya, but need urgent support for financial resources.

We’re been witnessing a pattern right now — people around the globe are fleeing persecution with nothing on their backs except hope, only to be abandoned at sea.

Right now thousands of Rohingya muslims could die at sea, but if enough of us ask them to, Gulf leaders can help get them to safety by providing financial resources for rescue missions. Sign the petition urging them to act quickly, then forward this to everyone:

Sign the petition

Rewan Al-Haddad – Avaaz Unsubscribe

Thousands of Rohingya muslims are stranded at sea right now — no food, no water, nothing except hope for survival.

With each wave that rocks the boat, mothers cling tighter to their children, wondering what will happen next. If we act quickly, we can help save them.

Gulf leaders can shine a light into this darkness. (Why? is the liquidity concentrated in these princedoms?)

Malaysia could rescue the stranded Rohingya, but it’s costly to run these ships and then provide for thousands of refugees. The Gulf has strong ties with Malaysia, and have the financial resources, while also being committed to protecting muslims worldwide.

With every minute that goes by, families inch closer and closer to death.

In order to escape horrific conditions in Buddhist Myanmar, the Rohingya have been fleeing to Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand, only to be turned back to sea immediately. With nowhere to go and dwindling supplies, they are stranded and facing their final days.

Many neighbours are reluctant to help the Rohingya, worried about long-term consequences.

But instead of doing this alone, if we get the Gulf countries involved they can share the cost of bringing the families to safety and work together to pressure Myanmar to stop the cruel crackdown on Rohingya, which is the root of the problem.

Malaysia could deploy aid immediately, but they may only move if key allies support them. With hefty investments from the UAE, and having just joined Saudi’s military coalition — the Gulf has strong influence over Malaysia. Let’s now make sure together they bring hope to thousands of muslims.

This isn’t just a plea for muslims to help other muslims. It’s a call for humans to help humans. A plea for leaders to use their power and resources to save thousands of innocent people who need our support.

Our community in this region has a unique chance to not just witness this catastrophe unfold, but save lives and hold those who can help accountable. Time is running out.

We’re seeing a pattern right now — people around the globe are fleeing persecution with nothing on their backs except hope, only to be abandoned at sea.
We can’t sit back and let this happen, and our community was built exactly for challenges like this.
Let’s stand together now to save the Rohingya muslims so that no Rohingya child is dying of thirst.Rewan, Mohammad, Wissam, Alice, Mais and the entire Avaaz team

Stranded Rohingya migrants say: ‘We’re dying on board’ (Al Jazeera)

Rohingya migrants tell of horror at sea (Guardian)…

Malaysian forces join Saudi-led coalition in Yemen (Al Arabiya)…

UAE looks to South East Asia for investment (Khaleej Times)…

Capitalism vs. lock in

Free markets encourage organizations to take leaps, to improve products, to obsess about delighting customers.

One reason that this happens is that competition is always nipping at your heels… if you don’t get better, your clients will find someone who does.

But once lock-in occurs, the incentives change. (The State is almost always responsible for monopolistic trades, by selecting particular companies to do business with, at the exclusion of many worthy ones)

When the cost of switching gets high enough, the goals of the business (particularly if it is a public company) start to drift.

Google doesn’t need to make search more effective. They seek to make each search more profitable instead.

Apple doesn’t need to obsess about making their software more elegant. They work to make the platform more profitable now.

[For example, iMovie, which has destroyed all possible competitors because of lock-in pricing, but continues to badly disappoint most reviewers.]

Verizon doesn’t need to make its broadband faster or more reliable. Just more profitable. (Keeps acquiring more companies for monopolistic goals, encouraged by the NSA intelligence agencies)

In many ways, it’s more urgent than ever to engage in free market competitive thinking when you start a small business.

But as network effects increase, we’re getting worse at figuring out what to do about restoring free markets at the other end of the spectrum, at places where choices aren’t as free as they used to be.

We all benefit when organizations that believe they have lock-in act like they don’t.

(The question is: what incentives and how can we pressure these lock-in companies to revert to free market spirit?)

Do you want our apathy?

Don’t respond to emails.

Be defensive when I offer a suggestion when we meet.

Dumb down the products so they appeal to the lowest common denominator.

Treat me like I don’t matter more than anyone else.

Put me on hold.

Don’t miss me if I’m gone.

Maximize profit, not impact.

If you want me to be an apathetic bystander, it’s not that difficult to accomplish.



The 1927 photo that gathered the greatest scientists of this century

Human civilization in a memorial unique picture of last century scientists

This is a collective picture taken in October 1927 at Solfay during a conference in physics in Brussels

The picture gathered a large number of leading scientists who changed the course of modern sciences, a quantum leap in contemporary science and lifestyle.

‎Zeitgeist Arabic  زايتجايست العربية‎'s photo.

Let us review the names of scientists and start from the first raw on the left according to the number noted on the photo:

1. The American chemist Langmuir Irving (1881-1957). He was awarded the Nobel prize in 1932 in chemistry. He is credited for inventing the light bulb using tungsten in neutral gas environment.  He is the first for use atomic hydrogen in welding , and have a theory offspring registered in his name to share with Lewis. He  invented a way to take photos of  viruses. He died in 1957.

2. Max Planck (1858-1947).  A German theoretical physicist credited for quantum theory.

3. The Polish/French scientists Madame Curie (Marie Sklodovska 1867-1934). She won the Nobel twice, once at physics and once in chemistry and was the first woman to win this prize. She acquired the French citizenship after marrying the Nobel Prize Pierre Curie. in the physics of the radiation

4. The Netherland Hendrik Anton Lorentz (1853-1928). He got the Nobel prize in physics in 1902 with Peter Zyman.

5. The German theoretical physicist Albert Einstein (1879-1955). Nobel prize in 1921

6. The French  Pierre Langevin (1872-1946). Invented the sonar device.

7. The Swiss Jay Charles Eugene  (1866-191942)

8.  The Scottish physicist Thomas Paris Wilson (1869-1959). Nobel prize in 1927

9. The English physicist  Owen W. Richardson (1879-1959). Nobel prize in 1928

10. The Netherland  chemist Peter Debye (1884-1966). Nobel prize in 1936

11.  The Danish Martin Knudsen (1871-1949)

12. The Australian physicist Demethylation W. Lawrence Bragg (1894-1952). Nobel in 1915.

13.  The Dutch Hans Krimmers (1894-1952)

14. The French Paul Dirac (1902-1984). The youngest among the scientist. Nobel in 1933.

15. The American physicist  Arthur Compton (1892-1962). Nobel in 1927.

16.  The French physicist Louis de Broglie (1892-1987). Nobel in 1929

17  The German physicist Max Born (1882-1970. Nobel in 1954

18. Niels Bohr (died in 1962

19 . The Swiss Auguste Piccard (1884-1962)

20.  The French chemist Emil Heriot (1885-1961).

21. Paul Ehrenfest (1880-1933)

22. The Belgian Edward Herzen (1877-1933).

23. The Belgian Theophil de Donder (1872-1957).

24.The German Erwin Schrodinger (1887-1961). Nobel in 1933

25. The Belgian Jules Emil Vershafelt (1870-1955)

26. Wolfgang Pauli (1900-1958). Nobel in 1945.

27. The German Werner Heisenberg (1901-1971). Nobel in 1932.

28. The British Ralph Howard (1889-1944)

29. The French Leon Nicholas Brillouin (1889-1969)


العلماء الذين غيرو الحضارة البشرية في صورة تذكارية فريدة

هذه صورة الجماعية أخذت في أكتوبر 1927 في مؤتمر سولفاي للفيزياء في بروكسل، تضم عدداً كبيراً من علماء بارزين غيروا مجرى التاريخ و تدين لهم البشرية اليوم بهذه الطفرة الهائلة في العلوم و نمط الحياة المعاصرة.

دعونا الآن نستعرض أسماء العلماء الظاهرين في الصورة، و نبدأ بالصف الأول من اليسار بالعالم (لانغمور إيرفنغLangmuir Irving) ويحمل الرقم (1)، وهو عالم كيميائي أمريكي من مواليد 1881، حصل على جائزة نوبل عام 1932في كيمياء السطوح، و يعود له الفضل باختراع المصباح ذي الشريط التنغستوني المملوء بالغاز الخامل، و هو أول من استعمل الهيدروجين الذري في اللحام، و له نظرية ذرية مسجلة بإسمه بالإشتراك مع العالم (لويس Lewis)، و ابتكر طريقة لتصوير الفيروسات بواسطة الطبقة وحيدة الجزيئات، و كانت وفاته عام 1957.

يأتي بعده في الصف الأول من اليسار العالم (ماكس بلانك Max Plank)، ويحمل الرقم (2)، وهو عالم ألماني من مواليد 1858 يعود له الفضل الأكبر في تأسيس نظرية الكم، و يعد من أشهر علماء القرن العشرين، و كانت وفاته عام 1947.
تأتي بعده العالمة البولندية الأصل (مدام كوري Marie Sklodovska)، وتحمل الرقم (3)، وهي من مواليد 1867، عالمة في الفيزياء والكيمياء، اكتسبت الجنسية الفرنسية بعد زواجها من العالم (بيير كوري)، تعد من رواد فيزياء الإشعاع، و أول من حصل على جائزة نوبل مرتين، مرة في الفيزياء و مرة في الكيمياء، و هي المرأة الأولى التي تحصل على هذه الجائزة، و الأولى التي تحصل عليها في مجالين مختلفين، و كانت وفاتها عام 1934.

يأتي بعدها العالم الهولندي (هندريك أنتون لورنتس Hendrek Antoon Lorentz)، و يحمل الرقم (4)، و هو من مواليد 1853، حصل على جائزة نوبل في الفيزياء عام 1902 مع (بيتر زيمان)، و هو أول من وضع معادلات التحويل التي اعتمد عليها آينشتاين في وصف الفراغ و الزمن، و له اكتشافات كثيرة في المجال الكهرومغناطيسي، و كانت وفاته عام1928.

أما الشخص الخامس في التسلسل، و الذي يجلس في المقدمة، و يتوسط الجميع، فهو الفيزيائي الألماني الفذ، و
الموسيقي المبدع، و الرياضي اللامع، (ألبرت آينشتاين Albert Einstein)، المولود في ألمانيا عام 1879، و هو أبو النظرية النسبية، حاز عام 1921 على جائزة نوبل في الفيزياء، و له بحوث كثيرة في ميكانيكا الكم، و تكافؤ المادة و الطاقة، عرفه الناس بذكائه المفرط، حتى أصبحت كلمة (آينشتاين) مرادفة للعبقرية، كانت وفاته في أمريكا عام 1955.
و يجلس إلى يساره العالم الفيزيائي (بيير لانغفن Pierre Langevin)، ويحمل الرقم (6)، ولد في فرنسا عام1872، كان من خيرة العلماء الذين درسوا الموجات الصوتية، و يعود له الفضل باختراع أجهزة السونار. كانت وفاته في فرنسا عام 1946.
يأتي بعده العالم الفيزيائي السويسري (تشارلس يوجين جاي Charles Eugene Guye)، و يحمل الرقم (7)، ولد عام 1866، كان ألبرت آينشتاين من الذين تتلمذوا على يده، تخصص في الفيزياء الذرية، و له فيها أكثر من 200 ورقة بحثية، ذاع صيته بين الناس بعد أن أثبت مختبرياً بأنه لا وجود للصدفة في خلق الطبيعة، و أن الله وحده هو الخالق المبدع المدبر، كانت وفاته عام 1942.
يأتي بعده العالم الاسكتلندي (تشارلس توماس ريس ويلسون C.T.R. Wilson) و يحمل الرقم (8)، ولد عام1869، و حصل على جائزة نوبل في الفيزياء عام 1927 لاختراعه الغرفة الغيمية، و كانت وفاته عام 1959.
أما الجالس في طرف الصورة و يحمل الرقم (9) فهو العالم الفيزيائي الإنجليزي البارع (أوين وليانز ريتشاردسون Owen W. Richardson)، ولد عام 1879، و كانت وفاته عام 1959، و حصل على جائزة نوبل في الفيزياء عام 1928 لنجاحه في صياغة قانون الإنبعاث الحراري.
ثم نتعرف على الجالسين في الصف الثاني، و نبدأ من اليسار بالتسلسل رقم (10)، و هو العالم (بيتر ديبي Peter Debye)، المولود في هولندا عام 1884، و الحاصل على جائزة نوبل في الكيمياء عام 1936، و كانت وفاته في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية عام 1966.
ثم يأتي بعده العالم الدنماركي الكبير (مارتن كنودسن Martin Knodson)، ويحمل الرقم (11)، ولد عام 1871، و يعود له الفضل في صياغة ما يسمى برقم كنودسن، و يرمز له (Kn)، و هو رقم لا بعدي (لبس له أبعاد ) يعرف على أنه يمثل نسبة المجال الوسطي الحر للجزيئات إلى طول فيزيائي معين في الأوساط المائعة، و كانت وفاته عام 1949.
و يجلس إلى جانبه العالم الاسترالي (وليم لورنس براغ W. Lawrence Bragg) ، و يحمل الرقم (12)، و هو مولود عام 1890، و حاصل على جائزة نوبل في الفيزياء عام 1915 بالاشتراك مع (وليم هنري براغ)، و كانت وفاته عام1971.
يأتي بعده العالم الفيزيائي الهولندي (هانز كرامرز Hans Kramers)، و يحمل الرقم (13)، و هو من مواليد عام1894، و كانت وفاته عام 1952.

و يجلس إلى جانبه العالم الانجليزي الشاب (Pual Direc)، و يحمل الرقم (14)خلف آينشتاين تماماُ، و هو أصغر المشاركين سناً، ولد عام 1902، و كان عمره (25) عاماً عندما شارك في المؤتمر، حصل على جائزة نوبل عام 1933 بالاشتراك مع العالم (إروين شرودنغر)، لوضعه صياغات جديدة لنظرية الكم، و كانت وفاته في فلوريدا عام 1984.

يليه عالم الفيزياء الأمريكي (آرثر كومبتون Arthur Compton)، ويحمل الرقم (15)، و هو من مواليد 1892، حصل على جائزة نوبل في الفيزياء عام 1927 عن اكتشافه تأثير كومبتون، و كانت وفاته عام 1962.

يليه العالم الفرنسي الكبير (الأمير لوي دي بروي Louise de Broglie)، و يحمل الرقم (16)، ولد عام 1892، و تخصص في الفيزياء و برع فيها، و كان من المقربين لآينشتاين، حصل عام 1929 على جائزة نوبل في الفيزياء، و تولى منصب سكرتير الأكاديمية الفرنسية للعلوم، ساهم في تطوير نظرية الكم، و اخترع المجهر الالكتروني، و كانت وفاته عام 1987.
يأتي بعده العالم الألماني (ماكس بورن Max Born)، و يحمل الرقم (17)، ولد عام1882، و حصل على جائزة نوبل في الفيزياء عام 1954 عن ميكانيكا الكم، كانت وفاته عام1970.
ثم يأتي بعده غريم آينشتاين و هو العالم (نيلز بور Niels Bohr)، و يحمل الرقم (18)، و هو من المنادين بقبول الطبيعة الإحتمالية في تفسير نظرية الكم، و كانت وفاته عام 1962.
أما الذين يقفون في الصف الثالث، فهم من اليسار: العالم الفيزيائي السويسري (أوغست بيكر Augeste Piccard)، و يحمل الرقم (19)، ولد عام 1884، و هو أول من اكتشف طبقة الستراتوسفير في الغلاف الجوي، و صمم أول غواصة لسبر الأعماق السحيقة في البحار و المحيطات، توفي هذا العالم الكبير عام 1962، و خلف وراءه كل مفيد للبشرية من اختراعاته المتنوعة كالمناطيد و الغواصات، و المعادلات الفيزيائية التي أنارت الطريق للأجيال القادمة.
أما العالم الذي يحمل الرقم (20) فهو الكيميائي الفرنسي (إيميل هنريوت Emile Henriot)، ولد عام 1885، و هو من تلاميذ مدام كوري، و يعود له الفضل في تطوير المجهر الالكتروني، و كانت وفاته عام 1961.
ثم يقف إلى جانبه العالم النمساوي (بول اهرنفست Paul Ehrenfest)، الذي يحمل الرقم (21)، ولد عام1880، و توفي عام 1933، لكنه و على الرغم من صغر سنه كان من أشهر علماء الفيزياء في عصره.
و يقف إلى جانبه العالم البلجيكي (إدوارد هيرزن Edouard Herzen)، الذي يحمل الرقم (22)، و هو من مواليد عام 1877، تخصص في الكيمياء الفيزياوية، و هو حفيد الكاتب الروسي (الكسندر هيرزن)، تبوأ أرقى المناصب العلمية عام 1921، و توفي عام 1933.
و يقف إلى جانبه عالم الرياضيات البلجيكي (ثيوفيل دي دوندور Theophile de Donder)، و يحمل الرقم(23)، ولد عام 1872، اشتق عام 1923 بعض الصيغ الرياضية للتفاعلات الكيماوية، و توفي عام 1957.
و يقف إلى جانبه عالم الفيزياء النمساوي (إروين شرودنغر Erwin Shrodenger)، و يحمل الرقم (24)، ولد1887 و توفي عام 1961، و هو معروف بإسهاماته في ميكانيكا الكم، و بخاصة معادلة (شرودنغر)، التي حاز من أجلها على جائزة نوبل في الفيزياء عام 1933، اشتهر بوضع صيغ رياضية لوصف سلوك الالكترونات في تركيبة الذرة.
و يقف إلى جانبه العالم البلجيكي (يوليوس إيميل فيرشافلت Jules Emile Vershafelt)، و يحمل الرقم (25)، ولد عام 1870، و توفي عام 1955، و كان من أشهر علماء الفيزياء في عصره.
ثم يأتي من بعده العالم النمساوي (فولفغانغ باولي Wolfgang Pauli)، و يحمل الرقم (26)، ولد عام 1900، وتوفي عام 1958، لكنه كان من أشهر علماء الفيزياء، و حاز على جائزة نوبل في الفيزياء عام 1945، و أسهم إسهاماً فاعلاً في تطوير نظرية الكم.
و يقف إلى جانبه العالم الألماني (فيرنر هليزنبيرغ Werner Heisenberg)، و يحمل الرقم (27)، ولد عام1901، و توفي عام 1976، حاز على جائزة نوبل في الفيزياء عام 1932، و اكتشف أهم مبادئ الفيزياء الحديثة، و هو مبدأ عدم التأكد، أو عدم اليقين، الذي أعلنه عام 1927. و انصبت اهتماماته المختبرية على دراسة سلوك أشعة غاما.
ويقف إلى جانبه العالم البريطاني (رالف هاورد فاولر Ralph Howard)، و يحمل الرقم (28)، ولد عام 1889، و توفي عام 1944، و كان بارعا في الفيزياء و الفلك.

و يقف في الطرف الأخير من الصف الثالث العالم الفرنسي الكبير (ليون نيكولاس بريلوين Leon Brillouin)، الذي يحمل الرقم (29)، ولد عام 1889، و توفي عام 1969، ينحدر من عائلة توارثت علم الفيزياء جيل بعد جيل، و كان من أشهر الفيزيائيين في منتصف القرن الماضي. .


Richest person ever: Mansa Musa, Timbuktu, Mali, and the next richest in history

You surely heard of Mansa Musa, the richest person ever.

The 14th century emperor from West Africa was worth a staggering $400 billion, after adjusting for inflation, as calculated by Celebrity Net Worth.

To put that number into perspective — if that’s even possible — Net Worth’s calculations mean Musa’s fortune far outstrips that of the current world’s richest man Carlos Slim Helu and the  other rich people combined.

According to Forbes, the Mexican telecom giant’s net worth is $69 billion.

Slim edges out the world’s second wealthiest man, Bill Gates, who is worth $61 billion, according to Forbes.

Mansa Musa Of Mali Named World’s Richest Man Of All Time;

Gates And Buffet Also Make List

Some of the oldest fortunes in question date back 1,000 years.

No. 7 on the list, for example, is William the Conqueror.

The illegitimate son of the Duke of Normandy, William lived between 1028-1087 and gained infamy for invading and seizing England in 1066.

According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, when Musa died sometime in the 1330s, he left behind an empire filled with palaces and mosques, some of which still stand today.

But the emperor really turned historic heads for the over-the-top extravagances of his 1324 pilgrimage to Mecca. (Mecca royal family must have reaped wealth due to these pilgrimage?)

The trip, which he embarked up on during the 17th year of the monarch’s glittering reign, was hosted by the leaders of both Mecca and Cairo and apparently was so brilliant, it “almost put Africa’s sun to shame.”

Musa’s wealth was a result of his country’s vast natural resources. The West African nation was responsible for more than half of the world’s salt and gold supply, according to Net Worth.

Of course, the entry also notes that the fortune was also fleeting. Just two generations later, his net worth was gone — wasted away by invaders and infighting.

As The Independent points out, while the numbers bandied about by this newest list are shocking, many aspects of the run-down aren’t surprising: there are no women included, for example, and only three of the richest men are still alive today.

Americans dominate the list, however, taking 14 of the 26 spots, including slots two and three. (In just 2 centuries?)

The “poorest” man on the list is Warren Buffet, who had a peak net worth of $64 billion. Buffet, a noted philanthropist, has since given billions of his fortune away, and Forbes now lists his net worth at closer to $44 billion.

Try to add up the net worth of the Rothschild family below and this family has amassed worth trillion from wars in Europe, USA and the rest of the world. They also own the Federal reserve bank.

Patsy Z  shared this link

Meet Mansa Musa, one of the wealthiest people in history:

Jessica Smith tells the story of how Mansa Musa literally put his empire – and himself – on the map.

Click through below for the 26 Richest Men Ever:

The Richest Men Ever

1 of 21



1. Mansa Musa I – Ruler Of Malian Empire (1280-1331)
Estimated worth: $400 billion

And the rest:

21. Jay Gould (railroad tycoon, 1836-1892) $71 billion

22. Carlos Slim (business magnate, 1940- ) $68 billion

23. Stephen Van Rensselaer (land owner, 1764- 1839) $68 billion

24. Marshall Field (Marshall Field & Company founder, 1834-1906) $66 billion

25. Sam Walton (Walmart founder, 1918-1992) $65 billion

26. Warren Buffett (investor, 1930- ) $64 billion

How much of your life as a citizen of United States has been at war

Somewhere in the ever-flowing river of flotsam that is Twitter, a simple data point offered by a college commencement speaker jumped out at me before being borne away on the tide of immediacy.

Philip Bump May 18, 2015

The speaker was ABC journalist Martha Raddatz, and the point is the key one in the intro: The graduates have spent half their lives with America at war.

It’s a startling idea, but an incorrect one. The percentage is almost certainly much higher than that.

Using somewhat subjective definitions of “at war” — Korea counts but Kosovo doesn’t in our analysis, for example — we endeavored to figure out how much of each person’s life has been spent with America at war.

We used whole years for both the age and the war, so the brief Gulf War is given a full year, and World War II includes 1941. These are estimates.

But the beginning of the conflict in Afghanistan in (late) 2001 means that anyone born in the past 13 years has never known an America that isn’t at war. Anyone born after 1984 has likely seen America at war for at least half of his or her life.

And that’s a lot of Americans.

These figures shift easily.

An end to the conflict in Afghanistan (and, if you include it, the overlapping fight against the Islamic State) means that the percentage of time those young people have lived in a state of war will decline quickly.

But that state of war, we are told (I am too young to know better) feels different than America during World War II or, particularly for the college-aged, Vietnam.

More so than those wars, war today is distant, fought on our behalf.

That’s Raddatz’s more important point: Young Americans have lived in a country at war for almost their whole lives, but they have to be reminded of it.




May 2015
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