Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Allende

Notes and comments on FB and Twitter. Part 35

Who would answer to the terrible obstinate crimes against humanity? If Not the obstinate witness, and whistle-blowers?

Ce n’ était poutant pas ma faute si ma guerre n’ était pas brillante:  Tous les jours, j’ étais au rendez-vous dans le ciel et mon avion revenait criblé d’ éclats et moi sain et sauf.

Je bombardais seulement, pas un metier spectaculaire, comme dans la chasse.

La solitude du soldat face a la mort: C’ était le lot de tous les armées du monde Arab en guerre contre Israel. La sociéte civile s’ en fouter pas mal de la condition du soldat. Syrian soldiers left by the side of their tanks for Israeli jets to bomb them

Dans le tier monde, la frontiére entre vie et mort se dilue dans la pauvreté, la famine, la négligence et l’ insouciance. La mort des jeunes est habituelle et generalisé

Le proper de la guerre est de prendre sous ses ailes noires tout le monde, sans exception

Deux langue differentes seulement? Celle de ceux qui ont participés directement á la guerre et celle des civiles? Même en temps de paix, le dialogue est obscure et hystérique

Before this cold winter, my health nurtured adolescent dreams. Hope was still high.

We take it for granted that the eyes are always kept moist. Our inclination to take delicate matter for granted is the source of our difficulties.

I discovered that “eye drops” are the main cure for many health difficulties at a certain age, particularly during the flu season and dry season.

Erdogan of Turkey is ever ready to please the superpowers in public speeches, and never was capable of delivering on promises. He desperately wants to remain a dictator for another decade

Erdogan has been smoking nasty weeds, far longer than Donald Trump. He has no idea where to go from here and how to alienate everyone, inside and outside Turkey

Very funny: explaining False facts as Alternative facts. Kind the difference between conjecture and pseudo-science?

Que le silence régne. Ce sont plutot les témoins des crimes qui sont jugés et maltraités: Il fallait pas voir, entendre, crier, appeler au secours, intervenir…

Le cours devastateur du temps: vider les crypts anciens d’ un covent, une cimetiére… pour ériger un hotel 5 etoiles.

Est-ce vrai? Les cheveux continuent a pousser 1 cm par mois, même après la mort? Les designers de perruques n’ ont qu’ a ouvrire les crypts anciens et tondre les cheveux

Ecoutez le silence qui accable les pays regorgeant de prisons. Les ennemis du silence sont forcés au “silence

L’ enjeu de la lute contre le silence est la vie humaine des systémes accablés de crime contre l’humanité.

Le silence est un signe de malheur et de crime. Demandez a une mére que veut dire le silence de son bébé dans la chamber voisine

Victoriano Gomez, 24 ans, était le Robin des Bois de Salvador. 14 familles régnees sur tout le territiore, et chaque famille avait son Guardia Rural, recruité parmi les droit-commun. Victoriano encourageait les paysans a reprendre leur terre.

L’ homme craint l’ homme qui a le potential de se faire prendre sa place: l’ emploi publique, á l’ ecole pour son enfant, le lit á l’ hospital…

Le guerillero du Salvador, Victoriano Gomez, a été fusiller par un peloton militaire au stade de foot, avec les équipes de televisions et reporters filmant directe l’ évenement, et le stade était bondé de spectateur. Middle-Age beheading ceremonies

From the port of Bagamoyo in Tanzania in East Africa, one million slaves were exported to the USA

Nos partisans vont á la lute, un fusil á la main et une ardoise d’ écolier sur le dos. On doit rattraper 5 siècles de retard.

Che Guevara and Allende have started the first chapter of the history of Latin America’s popular revolutions. It is looking good, so far.

 

Story of a Death Foretold by Oscar Guardiola-Rivera review –

And how Democratically elected Salvador Allende was toppled by the US of Nixon

This study of Chile’s 1973 military coup is a heartbreaking but necessary read
Augusto Pinochet in 1973

Augusto Pinochet in 1973. Photograph: AKG

There was another anniversary on 11 September, of an event whose consequences were just as insidious as those of 2001’s calamity.

The Chilean victims were chosen deliberately, however, rather than as random collateral damage.

I’m talking, of course, about the military coup that removed President Salvador Allende from power in Chile in 1973, the 40th anniversary of which was marked by the publication of this book in hardback.

These days, the coup is a touchstone. Some on the right claim that Allende did not have a widespread mandate, he was bankrupting the country and who knew what would happen if communism was allowed to spread through South America?


  1. , the CIA and the Coup against Salvador Allende, 11 September 1973

  2. by Oscar Guardiola-Rivera
  1. Tell us what you think: Star-rate and review this book

This book, written by a London-based Colombian academic, demolishes such assertions punctiliously and without polemic.

Firstly: Allende’s mandate was comparable to, but stronger than David Cameron‘s now. It was a coalition government with the important difference that Allende’s partners, the Christian Democrats, were in many respects as reform-minded as his own Popular Unity party.

Note: “reform” here means “drive to egalitarianism”. It was about nationalising, or removing key industries from private hands to public ones.

Second, the effects that Allende’s policies had included the slashing of unemployment and inflation, the redistribution of wealth and the feel-good knock-ons such results produce.

Third: the election was fair, democratic and constitutional. General René Schneider, leader of the armed forces, was a sworn constitutionalist, pointing out, when the question arose earlier, that any military assault on the elected government would be treason.

Which, if you accept such a statement, would make General Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, formerly in charge of the Pisagua concentration camp for leftist political activists, a particularly egregious traitor.

Even if you are familiar with what happened, this is a book you ought to read.

As Guardiola-Rivera is at pains to point out, Chile’s problems started much earlier.

As well as taking a long view of South American politics, the book takes us back to Allende’s teenage years, when he would visit a radicalised cobbler after finishing his studies for the day.

(An unfamiliarity with the nuances of English and possibly a weak editorial hand mean this first chapter is unfortunately called “Outlaws and Political Cobblers“.) The proximate causes of the end of democracy in Chile were the decisions made by Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger: to assassinate Schneider, to mobilise the vested interests who stood to lose most from nationalisation and to make the country ungovernable.

The whole story is heartbreaking but necessary to read, especially if you are involved in any movement for popular justice and underestimate the power, paranoia and ruthlessness of the vested interests of capital.

(I confess, though, to some surprise that the election result that first brought Allende to power was allowed by these interests at all. You would think that they would have rigged another outcome.)

It is rare for history to appear in such black-and-white terms: Allende was honourable to the end, as his broadcasts urging non-violence from his supporters from the besieged presidential palace attest; whereas the tally of assassinations, kidnappings, and tortures comes from one side only and is disgustingly large.

So where injustice remains, the struggle continues: here is one of its handbooks.

• To order Story of a Death Foretold for £10.39 with free UK p&p call Guardian book service on 0330 333 6846 or go to guardianbookshop.co.uk.

Egypt is turmoil: And Obama goes golfing, and Kerry goes fishing?

Truth about Egypt slips out: New York Times shocker

Have you noticed the silence, the casual indifference, of the Obama administration since the Egyptian army shoved President Mohammad Morsi from office in a military coup that gets bloodier by the day?
That is what you are supposed to notice. Barack Obama goes golfing as Cairo descends into violence. Secretary of State John Kerry goes sailing in Nantucket. Neither has anything of importance to say about the events in Egypt — the chaos engulfing the nation.
We’re just bystanders, and those poor Egyptians — we hope they can sort themselves out. These guys play a pretty fair hand a lot of the time, but they have overplayed this one.
Anyone who thinks the U.S. is not complicit up to its eyebrows in the Egyptian army’s unlawful coup needs a refresher in our history.
Enlarge David Brooks, Thomas Friedman   (Credit: AP/Nam Y. Huh/Zsolt Szigetvary/Reuters/Carlo Allegri)
It is now common currency to say that Morsi, who served just a year after he was legitimately elected in June 2012, failed some kind of democracy test. He did no such thing.
There was a test, but the failure belongs to Washington. (Not a failure, but a decision to fail the Moslem Brotherhood experience)
The US professes to like democracies all over the planet, but it cannot yet abide one that may not reflect America’s will. I have not written anything new just now.
Just in some of our lifetimes we have Italy’s elections in 1948 (corrupted) and many, many Japanese elections — generations of them. Then there’s the nastier stuff: Mossadegh in Iran, Arbenz in Guatemala, Lumumba in Congo, Sukarno in Indonesia, Allende in Chili, and so on.
But to say it is an old story is precisely what is so disturbing, not to say disgraceful, about the coup in Egypt and America’s part in it.
The Arab world (a quarter of which abides in Egypt) is struggling toward a kind of democracy that will arise from Islamic culture and civilization.
This is why the Arab Spring, as it commenced in early 2011, remains so promising. One embraces the prospect of something new. Morsi made a thousand mistakes.
There was political immaturity (hardly surprising after three decades of U.S.-backed dictators), there was the seeking of partisan advantage, there was sectarian exclusion, there was the defensiveness and overcompensating of the Muslim Brotherhood, Morsi’s party, after long years of persecution.
Egypt’s first properly elected government was bound to be something of a dog’s dinner, as the English say.
But search as one may, there is nothing on the list that warranted a military coup. And this accounts for the cat-ate-the-canary bit the Obama administration is asking us to accept.
What Washington truly does not want is an elected Islamic government, and this is written all over what the Obama administration has just taken part in.
There is nothing so honorable as a statement of policy — Where is Edward Snowden now that we really need him? — but there are footprints galore. There is the nomenclature, for instance. When is a coup not a coup? When it is against U.S. law to support one, and when the White House and Congress want to continue sending $1.5 billion in aid to the Egyptian military.
So Egypt has not had a coup, somehow — never mind that the law is being broken. Americans are actually invited to accept this, and many do. It makes you think P.T. Barnum had it right all along. Now you have to listen to Obama.
Here is all Obama has had to say since Morsi’s July 3 exit: Egypt’s army should move “quickly and responsibly” to restore “full authority back to a democratically elected civilian government as soon as possible.” (Lately, Morsi should be set free…) Can you believe it?
Not “the Morsi government,” which of course was civilian and democratically elected, but “a government.” You see where the White House is headed on this? Hacks like me call minute-to-minute accounts of events “tick-tocks,” and the New York Times did one from Cairo in its edition last Sunday, four days after Morsi’s ouster.
I wonder if the commissars are upset. Buried in the details is a plain and simple re-creation of the moments during which Washington gave the Egyptian army authorization to move against its government. I read it, shocked by the momentary honesty in the coverage, and said, “This is a mistake that will not be repeated,” and it has not been.
We ought not get started on the journalism, except that we already have. The media’s cooperation in mystifying the perfectly obvious is not short of stunning, and much or most of the blame must fall, sorry to say, to the Times.
Here is a Times correspondent publishing on July 5: “But the flurry of White House meetings and phone calls served to underscore the lack of leverage the U.S. has over Egypt, once a crucial strategic ally in the Middle East but lately just another headache.” How do these people hold their heads up? It is entirely a historical.
The media reported Hosni Mubarak’s fall the same way two years ago — as if the U.S. had just realized its 20-year client was in office. We must treat the man to the history text of his choosing. Now we read that the Morsi government and the Muslim Brotherhood are making “claims to legitimacy” (the Times, July 8).
This kind of phrasing is handled like radioactive material at the Times. (I know; I once worked there.) There are no accidents. This is part of how the U.S. intends to Not legitimize a legitimate government. There is nothing personal in this, but we have to end with a consideration of the shockingly bigoted column David Brooks published in the July 5 Times.
Morsi, you see, represented democratic process, which I had always thought was a pretty good thing. But no, we must judge leaders on the basis of “substance,” which is to say their values, and they have to match ours. That is how it works. Morsi came up short on substance. He had the values wrong. These kind of people need to be “investigated” before they are elected. (By whom is not noted.) You see, people holding Islamic beliefs are not capable of governing themselves. Egypt, for that matter, “lacks even the basic mental ingredients” to swing a democratic transition. Breathtaking.
In all probability I would not like Morsi personally. But I am for Morsi. I am for his Brothers. They represent the best thing the Arab Spring has yet achieved — the start of an essential process — and the U.S. had no business tearing it down, especially in so underhanded a fashion.
(I strongly doubt it that Egypt army would have fomented the coup if the people refused to go out on mass to demonstrate their displeasure over the Moslem Brotherhood experience and brand of democracy. The US would have not dared this time around to order a military coup without the acquiesce of the Egyptian people)
Note 2: Patrick Smith is the author of “Time No Longer: Americans After the American Century” was the International Herald Tribune’s bureau chief in Hong Kong and then Tokyo from 1985 to 1992.
During this time he also wrote “Letter from Tokyo” for the New Yorker. He is the author of four previous books and has contributed frequently to the New York Times, the Nation, the Washington Quarterly, and other publications.                            More Patrick L. Smith.            

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