Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Armenians

Tidbits and notes. Part 291

Twitter demands that I share my phone # in order to resume sharing my comments, and I refuse to abide by this constraint. I don’t know the dangerous consequences. Facebook is smarter and wiser: It also request my phone # but doesn’t exclude me from “sharing” and commenting.

The Modern States that learned to listen to the demands and request of its people and reacts promptly in reconsidering its laws are the most advanced, regardless of their size in land and population and are the most respectful of the UN resolutions regarding human rights. They have confidence that their educated and cultured citizens are more attuned to the world calamities than their functional institutions.

If Raping is not about power, then what is it? Shattering another person life for a stupid exercise in power exhibition. And Not even being endowed by gender to get the pleasure that women get.

Experiments on mice with cancers revealed that the mice that fasted two days before being injected with heavy dose of chemo lived and were found very active, while 40% of non-fasting mice died. Why?

The third day in the fast protocol is the toughest: The person feels joint aches, headache, nausea, feeling under the weather, and craving all kinds of food that he loves…

By the fifth fasting day, a state of euphoria and well-being submerges the fasting individual, and life is light and the tasks are very manageable…

My daydream project is opening a fasting clinic with the motto: “Fast your own protocol”. The client will check in the clinic and will submit to two days of learning everything on fasting, the research papers, the statistics, its consequences, the processes, the benefits, the side effects…and thorough physical tests.  The client will end up devising his own protocol for the staff in the clinic to supervise…

White, middle-class, heterosexual men, usually middle-aged or the “Default Man” dominate the upper echelons of our society, imposing, unconsciously or otherwise, their values and preferences on the rest of the population. They make up an overwhelming majority in government, in boardrooms and also in the media.

I can conjecture that the US in Tanaf military base (south-east Syria) are already sick and tired of remaining in this isolated desert hot location. Summer has Not even started and the sand storms will break any time soon. Even mercenaries are Not willing to go there. Get out quick: it is Not that strategic in the first place and Jordan and Iraq are sick a tired of USA antics.

I contend that the “Armenians” and the “Kurds” were initially of the same tribes, roaming the same Land: of all the Black Sea regions and all the mountain range from Turkey to Iran. They constituted powerful successive empires. As the Armenians and the Russians adopted the Orthodox Christian sect, the Armenians sided with Russia in all its incursions and expansion on the Ottoman Empire. The Kurds adopted Islam and sided with all the empires that ruled Turkey. Turkey vastly relied on the Kurds to prosecute its genocide plans on the Armenians. And some people claim that “monolithic” religions are benign forces.

I contend that it is inevitable that Iran and Turkey will strike a long-term deal, as they always did in the past. Iran and Turkey are the most advanced economically with stable political systems. Iran will effectively “administer” southern Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and the northern seashore provinces of current Saudi Kingdom. Turkey will administer all the remaining parts of so-called Greater Syria. That would be the consequences of the western colonial powers dividing the Near-Eastern and Middle-Easter people, even before they created their Zionist movement.

One version of the story goes like this: Daesh Abu Baker was a member of Saddam Hussein Republican guards and many of Al Nusra “leaders” were members of Jordan Royal guards. These “guards” were trained to behave as reckless assassins, modern razzia without any restrictions, when let loose by the Saddam or Jordan monarch. Syria had in its prisons most of the Muslim Brotherhood Al Nusra and Abu Baker also. As the uprising in Syria spread in most cities, Syria President liberated 1000 of Al Nusra and also Abu Baker to incite exaggerated killing and ransacking. The USA and colonial powers had all the intelligence pieces and capitalized on them to divide and “exhaust” the Syrian people.

Apparently, most of the powerful “Arab” tribes in Deir Zour and North-East Syria paid allegiance to Saddam Hussein during the Baath Party feud between Saddam and Hafez Assad. The houses posted the pictures of Saddam and were well armed. No wonder then how Daesh (ISIS) quickly entered Al Raqqa and swiftly advanced to Mosul.

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Why genocide? How genocide? USA, Turkey, Germany and back to Turkey?

Political decisions are mainly directed at preserving the economic status of the richest classes and eventually promoting bourgeois consumerism.

Although religion and ethnic factors are Not initially the driving force in any genocide, they become the weapons in the hands of the masses to perpetuate and carry out the prime objective, even creating an elite power class on the ruin of the nation.

The tribal mentality of razzia takes hold as its lucrative and quick mean for wealth quicken the plunder activities of properties of the minority sects and ethnic communities.

That is why a nation that started a genocide is Not willing to admit it: It will eventually have to consider restitution of the plunder with interest.

The process of denying genocide foment new forms of genocide in the cover of national pride and integrity.

These new forms of genocide on developing countries are acted out in pre-emptive wars in the name of flawed “good intention” of demoting a dictator, defending the borders of new acquisition in lands, crushing elected leaders and political parties who dared name names and divulging multinationals that transgress laws and due processes in the weaker nations.

Nazi genocide was a blunt reminder of how the USA and the Young Turks managed their own genocide, over decades in USA expansionist policies and Turkey (195-18) against the Armenians and Christian communities.

Turkey needed the Sunni Kurds to carry out this dirty job with the tacit wish that the Kurds will become Turks. The Kurds opted to stay Kurds to the outrage of the Turks.

Erdogan fomented Daesh (ISIS) in Syria and Iraq with the purpose of committing genocide on the Kurds in these two countries.

ISIS got side-tracked by more alluring targets pinpointed by Saudi Wahhabi Kingdom. This Wahhabi extremist faction displaced all religious sects and ethnic minorities in the regions they got hold on.

ISIS strategy is to occupy region where the inhabitants are leaning to their political line and refuse to go in any region with concentration of people of different ethnic or religious sects against their entrance, like the Kurds: They will be unable to control them efficiently at low cost.

Erdogan had no other alternative but to engage the Turkish people and army in resuming the genocide on the Kurds. A nasty quagmire that Erdogan is unable to stop or make sense of.

Erdogan stationed troops inside Iraq in strategic city of Baashika, in north Mosul, with the purpose of separating the two Kurdish provinces in north Iraq. This Turkish army is to control the infiltration and influences between the two Kurdish provinces, the Barazani clan in North East (by Iran borders) and the Jalal Talban Kurds in the west by the borders with Syria and Turkey.  This North West Kurdish province was quickly becoming the refuge of the PKK, fleeing Turkish army.

The Shah of Iran was the main support of the Barazani clan in order to destabilizing the regime of Saddam Hussein. The role of support has inverted in the 2 Kurdish provinces.

Erdogan also is trying to disconnect the Syrian Kurds concentrated in the north east and north west of Syria. The battle in the town of Al Baab, for preventing the junction between the Kurdish militants, is turning a nightmare for the Turkish army.

Daesh decided that Turkish troops are the main enemy at this junction. Dozens of Turkish soldiers are being killed every day. And the Syrian factions that Turkey armed to do the job turned out Not to be motivated to fighting ISIS.

Thus Turkey is retaliating by air bombing civilians in Al Baab.

Currently, the Christian communities in Syria, and especially in Iraq, have paid the heavy price of being displaced because they had No direct support when ISIS quickly invaded their regions.

 

A new perspective on the Armenian genocide: From the Maghreb

Génocide arménien : un regard neuf

Il faut parfois renaître visuellement, sortir d’un utérus symbolique et porter un regard « neuf » sur le monde pour se rendre compte du tas d’absurdités, d’insensibilité, d’immoralité, de racisme, de confessionnalisme… que celui-ci recèle et que nos yeux, habitués à l’obscurité, voient comme des manifestations normales, acceptables, logiques.

Ce « regard neuf », qui s’ouvre fraîchement à la lecture et à l’audiovisuel, voit des dirigeants d’un certain pays (la Turquie) s’offusquer de la reconnaissance d’un génocide par d’autres dirigeants et par un pape nommé François, génocide classé comme le premier du XXème siècle, commis en 1915 par de « Jeunes-Turcs » contre des jeunes, moins jeunes et vieux Arméniens, qui furent passés au fil de l’épée, fusillés, torturés, affamés, déportés… et dont le nombre est estimé à un million et demi de victimes.

Mais les descendants des Jeunes-Turcs (Young Turks), bien que d’une autre génération, ont de la peine à se dissocier de ce passé et à reconnaître cette énormité de l’histoire.

Comme s’il s’agissait d’un assassinat individuel, isolé, commis dans un champ désertique, dont les circonstances et l’assassin sont une énigme qui requiert le recours à Sherlock Holmes pour son élucidation.

Et pour nous détourner un peu des chiffres faramineux, voilà que le principal joueur et ses coéquipiers occidentaux nous entraînent dans le jeu scabreux des lettres, dans le but de noyer le poisson dans la sémantique : un « massacre »…

Oui, peut-être, à la rigueur… mais un « génocide », non.

Il y a une méthodologie à suivre, des standards à respecter pour mériter la mention « génocide ».

N’est pas génocidaire qui veut ; n’est pas non plus qui veut « génocidé ». Il faut avoir atteint un nombre minimal de victimes massacrées, à défaut de quoi elles deviennent quantité négligeable ne méritant pas la mention susceptible de les reconnaître comme victimes d’une extermination systématique.

Ce « regard neuf » se tourne du côté occidental pour constater beaucoup d’hésitation à reconnaître ce génocide, de la part de certains dirigeants de ces pays des Droits de l’Homme, pour des raisons d’accommodement géopolitique, sans doute, mais aussi, peut-être, par peur de voir surgir le fantôme de leur mauvaise conscience et leur responsabilité d’avoir joué les Ponce Pilate et regardé passer le train des massacres, à cette date fatidique et aux dates « préparatoires » antérieures.

En effet, l’Allemagne, alliée du génocidaire de l’époque, était demeurée sourde aux appels de l’archevêque de Cologne, le Cardinal von Hartmann, qui avait pressé le chancelier du Reich d’intervenir auprès de son allié turc pour faire cesser les persécutions d’Arméniens, mais en vain…

Idem en ce qui concerna les démarches désespérées du pape Benoît XV auprès du Sultan Mehmet V.

Un peu plus tôt, des massacres « avant-coureurs » avaient visé la même population arménienne de l’Empire ottoman par les mêmes nationalistes-islamistes turcs : à la fin du XIXème siècle, ces massacres appelés « hamidiens » (1894-1896), du nom du Sultan Abdulhamid II, avaient fait à l’époque 200,000 morts, cent mille réfugiés, des dizaines de milliers de convertis manu militari, outre les centaines de villages rasés et d’églises démolies ou transformées en mosquées ;

des massacres auxquels les puissances occidentales de l’époque, notamment la France, ont assisté impuissamment, en spectatrices, ce qui avait soulevé l’ire d’un Jean Jaurès et d’un Anatole France.

Ceci sans compter le massacre d’Adana, durant le mois d’avril 1909, qui s’était soldé par 20.000 à 30.000 victimes arméniennes…

Nous laisserons à la Conscience humaine, si elle fera un jour surface, le soin de juger jusqu’à quel point la non-ingérence et la non-assistance à population en danger ont pu encourager les massacres à grande échelle qui ont suivi, en 1915, ainsi que d’autres, en d’autres dates et lieux… jusqu’à ce jour ;

jusqu’à quel point leur lâcheté a pu inspirer cette interrogation de Hitler, en 1939 : « Qui se souvient encore de l’extermination des Arméniens ? » ;

et ce, en prévision du génocide juif, dont la négation est quant à elle interdite dans cette France qui n’inclut pas le génocide arménien dans la « Loi Gayssot », malgré l’adoption d’une proposition de loi en ce sens par le Parlement français, sous la présidence de Nicolas Sarkozy, un texte aussitôt censuré par le Conseil constitutionnel, à la grande satisfaction d’Ankara qui avait commencé à punir la France à coups de sanctions diplomatiques et économiques.

Ce regard, déjà « moins neuf », déjà souillé, s’étonne même de voir la barre des revendications des gouvernements et des Églises à un niveau si bas : la recherche d’une « reconnaissance » du génocide arménien, et non de sa justiciabilité pour crimes atroces contre l’humanité.

Comme si la reconnaissance d’un crime était devenue la peine expiatoire!

Même cet aveu n’est pas concédé par les héritiers du génocidaire, qui s’obstinent à nier la monumentale évidence du génocide, ainsi que ses préludes dont personne ne parle d’ailleurs.

Si l’histoire, marquée jusqu’au sang par des preuves indéniables, grevée de victimes au nombre astronomique, consignée par le témoignage bouleversant de survivants encore vivants, est insolemment niée, qu’en est-il de la géographie qui fait que la communauté arménienne est réduite au dixième de ce que fut la Grande-Arménie historique ?

Les habitants de ce territoire ont-ils choisi d’émigrer, de leur propre chef, sans épuration, ni déportation aucune ?

Ce regard, de moins en moins neuf, se tourne aussi du côté de La Haye, s’arrête à la Cour pénale internationale, passe en revue les bâtiments des autres tribunaux internationaux… mais ne remarque aucun tribunal pour les crimes commis contre le peuple arménien.

C’est la faute au temps, dira-t-on.

Les responsables de ces crimes ont pu s’échapper ; ils sont dans l’autre monde. Espérons qu’ils y sont au moins jugés, là-bas.

Mais nous n’en sommes pas au seul cas de sélectivité judiciaire. Que de crimes contre l’humanité et crimes de guerre ont été ignorés et resteront à jamais impunis ; que de criminels s’en sont tirés et s’en tireront ; que de populations massacrées, persécutées, déportées, resteront « invengées ».

Un massacreur dira bien un jour, à la suite d’Hitler : « Qui se souvient encore de l’extermination des Syriens ? » ; et ceci à la veille de commettre un autre massacre de même magnitude, contre un autre peuple qui revendiquerait la dignité, la souveraineté et la liberté.

Mais le regard, qui fut neuf, se fatigue déjà.

Ce bref parcours historique et hystérique lui a terni les rétines. Il n’a plus le courage de pousser son exploration plus loin, de découvrir de nouveaux crimes, de nouvelles injustices, de nouvelles atrocités, de nouvelles impunités.

Déjà il voit partout, en chemin, des volutes de fumée sanglante, des éclairs déchirants, des formes calcinées, des faces hideuses tenant des têtes coupées en invoquant un Dieu miséricordieux, des maisons et maisonnées éventrées, des rescapés terrorisés, des cratères, des décombres, des ruines, et ceci dans un assourdissement aigu et une surdité générale. Et ce qu’il aperçoit à l’horizon n’est guère rassurant.

Le regard, vieilli avant terme, voudrait bien revenir en arrière, regagner l’espace utérin, replonger dans la paix fœtale, loin de ce monde létal, mais il sait que c’est impossible.

Alors il décide de brûler les étapes, lui qui est déjà à mi-chemin, d’accélérer sa marche vers sa destination finale pour en finir, en fermant les yeux pour ne plus rien voir. Il en a déjà assez vu : tant d’horreurs, tant de cruauté, tant de guerres, tant de misères, tant d’impunité, tant d’inhumanité…

Il en est saturé et appelle la cécité, en attendant de clore ses paupières et de quitter le monde sans regret.

Peu lui importe ce qui l’attend dans l’au-delà. Si c’est l’enfer, cet état lui sera familie

 

 

Genocide has deep causes: The catalyst is a major war to ignite the massacre

And why Germany committed this mass ethnic cleansing genocide on Jews, Ukrainians, Polish people, Tsigans…?

Because the colonial victors in WWI  refused to set up an international tribunal for crimes against humanity:

1. On the genocide of the Armenians planned by Germany in 1915 and executed by the Turks and Kurds

2. On the famine hecatomb in Mount Lebanon (1915-18), willed by Germany after a visit of its monarch  in 1909

This post focuses on the genocide of the Armenians and Lebanese.

But prior to that, let us refresh our memories of the colonial genocide before the cases of the Armenians and Lebanese people:

1. The massive killing of the people in the Congo (5 million) by colonial Belgium

2. the genocide on Indonesians by colonial Netherland

3. The genocide on people in Australia, India and New Zealand by the British Empire

 

And Hitler to wonder in 1939: “Who remembers the massacre of the Armenians?”

Actually, the Nuremberg Tribunal focused on the latest of genocide. The colonial powers executed a dozen of those they had no interest in using for their talent and professionalism, particularly in the development of weapons of mass destruction, torture techniques, sciences and spying.

The Nuremberg Tribunal didn’t brought to trial

1. the genocide in Libya and Ethiopia by Italy under Mussolini

The Nuremberg Tribunal didn’t convince anyone with strong links to former colonial powers that there can be serious consequences of committing genocide. Let’s start with:

1. genocide in Korea by Japan, China, Soviet Union and USA

2. genocide in China by Japan, Soviet Union and Mao Tse Tong

3. genocide in Viet Nam by the French and USA

4. genocide in Algeria by the French

5. genocide in Rwanda

6. genocide in Cambodia

7. genocide in Afghanistan

8. genocide in Iraq and then Syria

Shall we go on?

This post will focus on the two genocide of Armenians and Lebanese of Mount Lebanon.

When WWI started, Germany was the main western nation dealing with Turkey, in trade, military cooperation and training, building infrastructure (The Istanbul-Hejaz railway for example)

By 1906, the British Empire realized that it was unable to prevent Germany becoming the second economical power behind the USA or overtaking German external trade around the world in quality or price.

England decided that its best strategy was a preemptive war on Germany by blocking the maritime ports with which Germany imported and exported goods.

All the diplomacy of England was to ally France ( the largest land army) and neutralize Russia (the main trade outlet for Germany for many centuries) in the event Germany wage an all out war.

Germany had no qualm with France and Russia because it benefitted from these 2 countries.

Ironically, it is France and Russia that first declared war on Germany.

As Russia declared war on Germany, and since the Armenians in Turkey steadfastly and consistently supported and aided Imperial Russia frequent incursions into the Ottoman Empire since the 19th century, Germany planned the Armenian genocide and the new  colonial national zeal of the Young Turk junta systematically executed the plan, and in a very German professionalism.

It is to be noted that the Ottoman Empire was the most lenient and tolerant among all empires relative to its varieties of ethnic and religious diversities.

Germany finally decided to agree that it shared in the genocide of the Armenians by the planning of this mass murder. 

The roots for this hatred of the Turks against the Armenians was there, and it needed a new Nationalist feeling of the 20th century to go all the way according to the German decision.

The turks executed the plan in the large cities while the Kurds were assigned this job in the far fetched country side.

Germany was also behind punishing Lebanon and committed this genocide famine hecatomb between 1915-18

For example, the city of Kars in Turkey, on the eastern side of the Anatolia Plateau (Anadol), is built by the river Kars and is a must cross location on the routes from Georgia, Tabriz (Iran), the Caucasus and Tiflis. I urge my readers to recollect other cursed cities through history.

Eastern Anatolia and the Caucasus form one homogeneous geographic area in economy, culture, and social communication and trades.

The Armenians on both sides preferred to pay allegiance to Christian Russia and wished that Russia would grant them administrative autonomy in the Caucasus.

The Moslems on both sides paid allegiance to the Moslem Ottoman Empire.

The triangle of the current States of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan were the scenes of major battle fields and invasions through history and is still a hot area till now.

The Nobel Literature Prize winner Orhan Pamuk published “Snow” that described the calamities suffered by the inhabitants of the Kars region.  The Armenian people lived in that region for a thousand years and then many waves of immigrants and refugees from persecutions flocked to it.

The Karss region hosted people from the Empires of Persia, Byzantium and then Moguls, Georgians, Kurds, and Cherkessk.

In the 17th century, the Karss region was predominantly of Moslems and then Armenians were second in numbers.

The absolute monarchic Russian Empire vied for this region since the 18th century.

In 1827, Russia entered Karss and chased out over 27,000 Moslems and transferred 45,000 Armenians to this city from Iran and the Anatolian Plateau.

The city of Yerevan (Capital of the current State of Armenia) that was mostly of Iranians was transformed demographically in 1827.

In every Russian invasion to the Karss region, the Russian troops could rely on the Armenian population for auxiliary regiments, logistics, and intelligence services.

As the Russian troops vacated the region in 1829, over 90,000 Armenians fled with the Russians fearing well deserved persecution.

During the Crimea War, which confronted Russia against the combined alliance of Britain, France, and the Ottoman, the Russians put siege on Karss in 1855 for many months and all the Ottoman army within the city was massacred.  The Paris treaty of 1855 forced the Russians to vacate the Karss region. The Ottoman troops retaliated heavily on the Armenians.

In 1859, the Cherkessk, lead by their leader Shamel, revolted against the Russians and Shamel was defeated; many Christian Russian Orthodox were transferred to Karss to replace the Moslem Cherkessk.  The same eviction process befell three quarter of the Moslems of Abkhazia in 1867.

Thus, in less than 30 years, the Russian Empire changed the demographics of the Caucasus from mostly Moslems to mostly Christians.

Over 1, 200,000 Moslems were forced to transfer to other regions; 800,000 of the Moslems settled in the Ottoman Empire. 

In 1877, the Russians amassed troops on the border with Karss; Sultan Abdel Hamid preempted the invasion by massacring the Armenians on ground that they will inevitably aid the Russians.

After 93 days of war, the Russians entered Karss and a pogrom on the Moslems proceeded for many days.

The treaty of San Estephanos relinquished the region to the Russian Empire. The Russians built a new city south of the city of Karess where the Emperor Alexander III met with his concubines and hunted.

In the next 43 years, the Armenians harassed the Moslems of this region and thousand had to flee.

In retaliation, Sultan Abdel Hamid formed in 1891 a special regiment of Kurdish cavalry with the purpose of harassing the Armenians of the Karss region and the pogrom around Lake Van raised an outcry in Europe.

During the First World War, the Armenians again aided the Russians and formed semi-regular armies to fight the Ottoman Empire.

On both sides, Armenian troops were under either the flag of Turkey or of Russia.

As the genocide was decided in April 1915, the Turks disbanded 125,000 armed Armenian troops and transferred them to dig ditches and construction works.

Consequently, in 1915, the Ottoman Empire launched the genocide plan against the Armenians and thousands died of famine during the long march out of Turkey.

The Armenians settled in Constantinople (Istanbul), and the people in the Adana region shared in the mass persecution; only the Armenians in the Caucasus, within Russia, were spared.

The British occupied the Karss region in 1919 and gave some authority to the Armenians who gathered arms from the Moslems and gave them to the Armenians and another round of harassment and massacres took place.

The Turkish General Mustafa Kemal re-occupied the Karss region in 1920 after defeating the Armenian army: the Bolsheviks were then allied to the new Turkish Republic.

The Russians transferred the Armenians from the region of Patum to Yerevan.

In 1927, all the properties of the Armenians in Karss were confiscated.

The Armenians were robbed of a homeland because Turkey ceased Cyprus to Britain in exchange of guaranteeing the Karss region to Turkey.

Mustafa Kemal (Attaturk) also negotiated a political deal with mandated power France over Syria to relinquish the Syrian region of Alexandrite to Turkey, setting the premises for future regional feuds.

Nowadays, there are no Armenians in Karss; the imposing buildings of Tsarist Russia are government Administrative offices; a vast villa of 40 rooms is transformed into hospital, and a Jewish museum.

An entire century of struggles, massacres, harassment,  genocides, and useless hate to their neighbors in order to gain self-autonomy rewarded the Armenians nothing.

They had to wait for the break down of the Soviet Union to enjoy the Armenian State that is totally dependent in its economy on the neighboring States.

Kosovo, Kashmir, Jerusalem, Gaza, and Palestine are current examples of lost opportunities for stability and peace.

As for the case of the famine hecatomb in Mount Lebanon read:

https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2013/11/14/famine-hecatomb-in-lebanon-1915-18/

 

Still Not called ‘Genocide’? 1.5 million Armenian systematically massacred

ISTANBUL — On April 24, 1915, Turkish authorities of the Young Turks junta hauled off Daniel Varoujan, a leading Armenian poet of the time, along with over 200 other intellectuals in the capital Constantinople.

To the crumbling Ottoman Empire, the poets, painters, writers, booksellers and politicians at the beating heart of the Armenian community posed too much of a threat.

 this April 23, 2015

100 Years Ago

Soon, much of the empire’s Christian Armenian population would be targeted and nearly wiped out, accused of conspiring against the empire with the Russians.

Many Armenians say the genocide was collective punishment for the actions of a few. (As in any genocide when a major war starts)

In August, after a wave of deportations began that would force hundreds of thousands of Armenians on brutal death marches toward the Syrian desert, Varoujan was tortured to death, according to eyewitnesses at the time. Varoujan was just one of many men, women and children who lost their lives.

This week, Armenians from around the world are gathering in Istanbul to commemorate the deaths of nearly 1.5 million Armenians who died in what would later be known by many as genocide, but Not  by Turkey, the United States, Israel, Saudi Arabia… (Watch those head of states who preferred to attend the commemoration of Gallipoli battle instead of the commemoration in Armenia)

A century on, the killings are hardly a thing of the past, with sensitive geopolitics still fueling the controversy.

(Hitler wondered before committing his own genocide “Does any one remember the Armenian genocide?” Germany had planned the Armenian genocide)

Regardless of how it’s labeled, here are some figures that explain the size and scope of this tragedy:

armenian genocide

Armenians killed by Ottoman Turks during the Armenian Genocide in 1915.

1.5 million

The number of Armenians believed to have been killed between 1915 and 1917.

“Rape and beating were commonplace,” wrote acclaimed historian David Fromkin in his Pulitzer Prize-winning book on the Ottoman Empire’s downfall, A Peace to End All Peace.

“Those who were not killed at once were driven through mountains and deserts without food, drink or shelter. Hundreds of thousands of Armenians eventually succumbed or were killed.”

An Armenian man in Istanbul, who as a schoolboy discovered his family was Armenian, told The WorldPost one story passed down to him by his parents:

His grandfather, too exhausted to walk any farther in the death march toward the Syrian desert (destination Deir al Zour), refused to go on. He would rather drown than walk another mile to his death, he told the Turkish Ottoman guards. And so, the man says, they held his grandfather under the water until he was dead.

250

The number of intellectuals reportedly rounded up by Ottoman Turks on April 24, 1915, in Constantinople (now Istanbul), kicking off what would become a massive wave of arrests, deportations and killings.

Many of these Armenians were later deported and in many cases killed. Armenians commemorate the anniversary of the Armenian Genocide every year on April 24.

“They took the intellectuals, the cream of the crop,” one Armenian book publisher who said his father, a baker, lived in Constantinople when the arrests took place, recently told The WorldPost. “They took the head and left the body.”

armenian genocide 2015 istanbul

French Armenian Gerard Bodigoff (R) lights candle with his wife Jacqueline in the Armenian church on April 20 in Istanbul to pay tribute to his grandparents who were massacred and her mother who fled the Armenian genocide in 1915.

60,000

The number of dead bodies reportedly found in 1916 in a mass grave in Maskanah, a northern town in what is now modern day Syria, according to Jesse B. Jackson, U.S. consul in Aleppo. “As far as the eye can reach mounds are seen containing 200 to 300 corpses buried in the ground,” he said in a cable to Washington.

300,000

The number of Armenians who died during this period due to war and disease, according to Turkey, which vehemently denies the 1.5 million figure.

“According to independent researchers, 300,000 Armenians lost their lives because of the war and disease,” reads one Turkish state-provided textbook for high school students. “But during that time, Armenians killed 600,000 Turks and forced 500,000 Turks to leave their land.”

2,133,190

The number of Armenians living in the Ottoman empire before 1914, according to the University of Minnesota’s Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.

387,800

The number of Armenians still left in the Ottoman Empire in 1922.

armenia map
(Wikimedia Commons.)

20

The number of nations that officially recognize the Armenian Genocide. The list does not include the United States, Israel and many others who on the centenary are grappling with labeling the killings a genocide. Germany is expected to finally do so on the anniversary.

The Armenian Genocide still remains one of the most bitterly contested events in history, especially for Turkey, fiercely defensive of its Ottoman past.

If President Obama decided to label the 1915 killings as genocide, already strained relations would likely only worsen with Turkey, where the United States has an important air base in the south, close to Syria.

Turkey and the U.S. government have butted heads over the Syrian crisis, with a U.S.-led coalition targeting solely Islamic State extremists, while Turkey insists military efforts must also focus on bringing down Syria’s Bashar Assad.

The United States has said Turkey, hosting over 1.7 million desperate Syrian refugees, has failed to do enough to counter extremists who often cross its border into Syria with ease.

The White House doesn’t want to use the fateful “g” word because it would anger the wrong people.

That’s essentially what officials said Tuesday when faced with increasing pressure to label the mass killings a genocide.

Citing “regional priorities” in its decision not to say the killings amounted to genocide, the U.S. government insisted it would urge “a full, frank, and just acknowledgment of the facts,” according to a White House statement.

The decision angered many Armenians in the United States and abroad who say they had hoped President Barack Obama would use the centennial as an opportunity to put things right, considering his track record of acknowledging the genocide prior to assuming the presidency.

armenian genocide

A box that contains bones of Armenians who were killed in Syria during their exodus from persecutions by the Ottoman Empire in 1915 are displayed at the Vank Cathedral in the historic city of Isfahan, some 250 miles south of the capital, Tehran, on April 20.

There is real concern in Turkey that legal ramifications of calling the 1915 massacres a “genocide” could lead to costly reparations.

In a recent column in the Daily Sabah, a Turkish newspaper known for its staunchly pro-government rhetoric, one columnist wrote that the genocide claimed by Armenians is just a ruse by the Armenian diaspora and descendants in Turkey to tear apart the country and take over Turkish territory.

While Turkey in recent years has taken more conciliatory steps towards addressing the killings of Armenians, with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan making what was considered to be a groundbreaking speech last year in which he offered condolences to the descendants of those killed, tempers have recently flared.

With the lead-up to the 100-year anniversary, Turkey has furiously defended itself from genocide claims, lashing out at the Pope and the European Parliament for their views on what is widely seen as a systematic slaughter.

“Concealing or denying evil is like allowing a wound to keep bleeding without bandaging it,” Pope Francis said earlier this month after calling the killings the first genocide of the 20th century. Ankara then recalled its ambassador from the Vatican.

Turkey’s Erdogan dismissed the genocide debate, just as the European Parliament voted on April 15 to call the events of 1915 a genocide.

On Wednesday, Turkey said it was pulling its ambassador to Austria over the debate.

While Turkey acknowledges that some Armenians died — calling them casualties of war, disease and chaos of the time — the state says that since the deaths were not methodically planned to wipe out Armenians, it does not add up to genocide.

“It is out of the question for there to be a stain, a shadow called ‘genocide,’ on Turkey,” Erdogan said last week.”

Nick Wing in Washington, D.C., and Burak Sayin in Istanbul contributed reporting.

This story has been updated to clarify that while Germany does not currently call the Armenian massacres a genocide, it is expected to do so soon.

 A few Genocides committed in the 19th century and early 20th

In 1864, Russia under Alexander II, massacred 600,000 Cherkess  around the region of Sochi (men, women, and children) and forced over one million to be displaced toward Turkey.

(The same Tsar who was assassinated shortly after by “anarchists”, the day he was supposed to sign on a new constitution.

What happened?

In 1861, 12 tribes from this Caucasus region united to fend off another Russian invasion, and demanded a self-autonomy within Russia, but the demand was rejected.

In the 19th century, Russia expanded greatly at the expense of the Ottoman Empire. At each Russian incursion, the “Christian” Armenians in Turkey supported the invading Russian troops. One of the cursed city was Kars in Turkey, and situated strategically by the border to Russia.

By 1915 and the engagement of Turkey on the side of Germany, it was a golden opportunity for the Turks to transfer the Armenians far away from the Russian borders. Destination: Deir el Zour in north-east current Syria, and in control of the ISIS extremist Islamic faction, a century later.

The Turkish leaders appointed the Kurds to execute the transfer and turned blind eyes to the exaction, massacre, looting and grabbing the properties of the Armenians. Most of the refugees died on their way to Syria from all kinds of inhuman treatment, famine and thirst.

Shall I mention a few of the recent genocide?

1. In Rwanda (Africa) against the Hutu ethnics. The genocide lasted 6 months.

2. Serbia against the Muslims in Kosovo Srebrenica Genocide,

3. Cambodia. The genocide lasted 2 years.

4. Darfur in Sudan. a still ongoing problem

All of these genocide took their full time to complete, and the international community refused to intervene to stop the genocide, until the genocide was exhausted.

A few of ongoing genocide:

1. Zionist Israel dehumanizing the Palestinians in the occupied West Bank and Gaza. Israel apartheid had been at it for over 70 years and the western States kept aiding Israel preemptive wars and settlements.

2. South Sudan, in the newly established “independent” State

3. ISIS in north Syria and Iraq, committing atrocities on christian sects and all religious sects and…

4. Boko Haram in north Nigeria

 May Al Awar posted this photo.
‎حملة كفى اطلقها اتراك بمئات المواقع والصفحات التركية</p><br /><br /><br />
<p>ارادوا ايصال صوتهم الى العالم ليضغطوا على اردوغان والعثمانيون الجدد لايقاف جرائمهم ضد البشرية<br /><br /><br /><br />
3.5 مليون ضحية جرائم العثمانيون ضد البشرية‎

(I’m not sure of the number of massacred Greeks  who occupied Turkey. But the Greek troops were routed and vacated Turkey)

Stages of genocide, influences leading to genocide, and efforts to prevent it[edit]

Hassan Kakar wrote in Wikipedia:

For genocide to happen, there must be certain preconditions.

Foremost among them is a national culture that does not place a high value on human life.

A totalitarian society, with its assumed superior ideology, is also a precondition for genocide

Members of the dominant society must perceive their potential victims as less than fully human: as “pagans,” “savages,” “uncouth barbarians,” “unbelievers,” “effete degenerates,” “ritual outlaws,” “racial inferiors,” “class antagonists,” “counterrevolutionaries,” and so on.[89]

In themselves, these conditions are not enough for the perpetrators to commit genocide.

To commit genocide, the perpetrators need a strong, centralized authority and bureaucratic organization as well as pathological individuals and criminals.

A campaign of vilification and dehumanization of the victims by the perpetrators is carried out over decades, who are usually new states or new regimes attempting to impose conformity to a new ideology and its model of society.[88] 

(The same process done by Zionist Israel against the Palestinians for over 70 years)

In 1996 Gregory Stanton, the president of Genocide Watch, presented a briefing paper, shortly after the Rwandan Genocide,  called “The 8 Stages of Genocide” at the United States Department of State.[91]

Stanton suggested that genocide develops  8 stages that are “predictable but not inexorable“.[91][92]

The preventative measures suggested, given the briefing paper’s original target audience, were those that the United States could implement directly or indirectly by using its influence on other governments.

Stage Characteristics Preventive measures
1.
Classification
People are divided into “us and them”. “The main preventive measure at this early stage is to develop universalistic institutions that transcend… divisions.”
2.
Symbolization
“When combined with hatred, symbols may be forced upon unwilling members of pariah groups…” “To combat symbolization, hate symbols can be legally forbidden as can hate speech“.
3.
Dehumanization
“One group denies the humanity of the other group. Members of it are equated with animals, vermin, insects, or diseases.” “Local and international leaders should condemn the use of hate speech and make it culturally unacceptable. Leaders who incite genocide should be banned from international travel and have their foreign finances frozen.”
4.
Organization
“Genocide is always organized… Special army units or militias are often trained and armed…” “The U.N. should impose arms embargoes on governments and citizens of countries involved in genocidal massacres, and create commissions to investigate violations”
5.
Polarization
“Hate groups broadcast polarizing propaganda…” “Prevention may mean security protection for moderate leaders or assistance to human rights groups…Coups d’état by extremists should be opposed by international sanctions.”
6.
Preparation
“Victims are identified and separated out because of their ethnic or religious identity…” “At this stage, a Genocide Emergency must be declared. …”
7.
Extermination
“It is ‘extermination’ to the killers because they do not believe their victims to be fully human”. “At this stage, only rapid and overwhelming armed intervention can stop genocide. Real safe areas or refugee escape corridors should be established with heavily armed international protection.”
8.
Denial
“The perpetrators… deny that they committed any crimes…” “The response to denial is punishment by an international tribunal or national courts”
Another genocide in Deir Zur (Syria)? Again, the Turks are involved, a century later…

This long line of crucified people is not taken from a movie on Jesus Christ or Spartacus: They are Armenian mothers and girls that the Turks crucified on their long journey in the desert of Deir el Zur, in north-East Syria, on the Euphrates River, by Iraq borders.

The photo was taken by a German and it is in the Vatican archives

Deir el Zur is currently invaded by the radical Islam Jihadists (Wahhabi) who want to establish an entirely Califat Islamic State.

 ‎شبكة أخبار جرمانا| J.N.N‎’s photo.
مذبحة الارمن الكبرى 24-4-1915 والتي قضى فيها حوالي مليون ارمني</p><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>,هذه الصورة التقطها صحافي ألماني ومحفوظة في أرشيف الفاتيكان و في الصورة توجد أمهات أرمنيات معلقات على الصليب عاريات تم صلبهن اثناء الإبادة من قبل الجنود الأتراك. موقع الإعدام في صحراء دير الزور بسوريا, وقتها قام أهالي دير الزور باخفاء اطفال الارمن ومن استطاع الهرب من المذبحة من البالغين وكان الدرك التركي يمر ويسأل الاهالي عن الاطفال ، وكانو أهالي دير الزور ينكرون رؤيتهم ويدعون أن الاطفال أطفالهم هم حاليا عدد سكان الأرمن بمدينة دير الزور فوق 25000
Most of the inhabitant of the town of Dir Zur and its surrounding villages, about 25,000 people, are the descendants of these crucified Armenian mothers. The Turkish policemen (darak) used to pass by Deir el Zur and investigate the whereabout of the Armenian children, and the Syrian families claimed the children were theirs.
Since 1915, and over 1.5 million Armenian massacred, the current Turkish government is preparing for another genocide, and this time in Syrian lands.
Turkey is demanding that the NATO install Patriot anti-missile “iron dome” on the borders with Syria, and I wonder why this escalation?
Most probably, the Turkish government is preparing for the “after Bashar’s” regime, when the radical Moslems will start showering missiles on Armenian, Allawit,Kurdish, and Christian enclaves on the borders with Turkey?
And I wonder:

“We seem to go through our days without ever being aware of the most common fact of life: we are living on a sphere which is zipping in space at a staggering speed of 67,000 miles/hour and spinning around its axis simultaneously at a speed of about 1000 miles/hour. And somehow all this is engineered in such a way that we feel no movement at all.”

And most of the movement and activities of mankind is focusing on eliminating and killing “other minorities” for lame excuses, including species in the animal kingdom.

Are the most awe-inspiring of life’s mysteries the simplest ones?  That mankind ethical and moral standards degenerated since the prehistoric man Age?


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

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