Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Ayatollah Komeini

“The Great Gatsby” book on trial: In Iran Islamic Republic?

In the early 1980’s, waves of makeshift trials were levied on all kinds of “criminal elements“, those employed in the Shah of Iran institutions and the “westernized” citizens…Many were sentenced for a few years of prison terms, only to be eventually executed in jail…

Nyazi was a student in the English literature class of Azar Nafisi, and he proclaimed that the book “The Great Gatsby” of Fitzgerald was a representative of the kinds of poisons that American novels disseminate in the Islamic Iranian society…

The English literature teacher at the university of Tehran, AzarNafisi, suggested that the book be put on trial in class.

Nyazi would be the prosecutor of the book, another student Farzad was appointed the judge, and the girl Zarrin was to be the public defense. Since no student agreed to be the defendant (representing or the witness of the book), Azar had no choice but to accept this role.

Maybe it was not proper for Azar to be cornered into the role of the defendant (the book), on the ground that she is opening the way for the students to question her judgment as a teacher, but Azar loved these kinds of drama and anxiety. In any case, Azar sincerely believed that this “subversive” book trial is a necessary step in the right direction to confronting the trend of a totalitarian and theocratic sentiment that highjacked the revolution…

Nyazi sat in the middle of the classroom reading from papers he had prepared, and began his “opening” statement:

“Imam Ayatollah Komeini, the leader of the revolution, relegated a great task to the poets and writers. Khomeini is the shepherd of the flock and the writers are the watchdogs to counter the western materialistic ideology and culture.

In the battle against the Great Satan (US imperialism, a reminder of President REAGAN proclaiming the Soviet Union as the Great Evil) that is disseminating its immoral poisons of cheating on wives, encouraging prostitution, adultary going unpunished, illicit relationship the norm, fornication… a culture meant to rape the islamic moral value system, thus the western fiction novels must be banned…”

After the long speech of Nyazi that never touched on the book and talking generalities of western fiction harms done to the revolution, Zarrin took her turn as defense lawyer, and said while walking around and turning around Nyazi:

“Our dear prosecutor committed the fallacy of getting too close to the amusement park. He can no longer distinguish fiction from reality. Nyazi leaves no space, no breathing room between the two world. He demonstrated this weakness of inability to read a novel on its own terms. His judgment is crude, a simplistic exaltation of right and wrong

Is it bad if characters in a novel stray from Nyazi’s moral values?

A fiction can be called moral when it shakes us out of our stupor, and encourages us to confront the absolutes we believe in. Gatsby has succeeded brilliantly in creating such a controversy…

Gatsby is on trial because the book disturbs us. Many controversial books were put on trial by societies, and they all won their cases…

It is true that Gatsby loves to get wealthy and he recognizes that money is one of Daisy’s attractions, but this novel is NOT about a poor young charlatan’s love of money. This fiction is NOT about “the rich are different from you and me”. It is about how wealth corrupts

The most corrupt characters in the novel are the rich and wealthy people, those careless people who smash up creatures and things and then retreat back into their money, and let other people clean up the mess they had made

The wealthy Jordan Baker admits she is careless and lightly responds that she counts on other people to be careful…

The dream that the wealthy classes embodies is an alloyed dream that destroys whoever tries to get close to it

This carelessness is a lack of empathy and it appears in all great novel works. Imagination in these great subversive works is equated with empathy. We can’t experience all that others have gone through, but we can understand even the most monstrous characters in great novels…

Gatsby novel shows the complexities of the characters, and each character is given the opportunity to respond, to express his opinion, to has a Voice. The biggest sin is to be blind to others’ problems and pains.

Not seeing the pains and frustrations in the characters means denying their existence. This behavior is significant of those who tend to see the world in black and white, drunk on the righteousness of their own fiction…”

At the end of the trial, Zarrin said softly: “Why students bother to claim to be literature major? If they fail to be wary of the consequences of the in unusualdreams they value? If they fail to look for integrity in unusual places…? I enjoyed reading the Great Gatsby. Can’t you see?”

After the class was dismissed, the students were arguing vehemently, and NOT over the US hostages (the personnel in the US embassy during president Carter), the recent demonstrations or Rajavi (leader of the Marxist Mujahideen Khalk) or Khomeini… The students were discussing the Great Gatsby…

Note 1: Inspired from “Reading Lolita in Tehran” by Azar Nafisi

Note 2: Do you think people have gone on strike or the citizens in the Dust Bowl headed west by reading Steinbeck?

Did people go whaling or stopped whaling after reading Melville?

Note 3: In modern times, many books faced trials such as Madame Bovary (Flaubert), Lady Chatterley’s Lover, Lolita…

“Beyond, beyong Obama”: Bi-weekly report (#27); (July 21, 2009)

 

            Do you recall the slogan “Beyond Haifa, and then beyond, beyond Haifa”?  This most effective warning of Hassan Nasr Allah was intended to Israel if it contemplated a full fledge war on Lebanon in July 2006; Hezbollah missiles did hit Haifa and beyond, beyond Haifa.

            Sayyed Hassan revamped this slogan and extended it beyond the limited borders of the Near East region.  To the Arab and Moslem masses he proclaimed that the successive US Administrations will never pressure Israel to abide by the UN resolutions and behave as one of the normal States; Sayyed Hassan warned that our problems will worsen “beyond, beyond Obama”. 

            The speech was for the people to get over the propaganda of the State leaders that would want us to believe that the US is ready to bring a resolution any time soon.  Sayyed Hassan lambasted the Arab and a few other Moslem States who are constantly ready to oblige the dictates of the US Administrations and extend hands to Israel without any practical returns. As if 60 years of experimenting with Israel pre-emptive wars need further dialogue to comprehend the Zionist ideology.  The Secretary General of Hezbollah clearly proclaimed that Israel has become a mercenary State for the interest of the US in the region (since 1960); he was adamant that he never asked for any political guarantees for retaining the military potentials neither from Lebanese leaders nor from foreign powers.

 

            Sayyed Hassan is willing to extend the prime minister designate Saad Hariri all the time he needs to form a unity government.  This is simple rhetoric to cool it down. Everybody else is demanding Hariri to get on with his job and have a government running by the end of July. I warned in  my previous bi-weekly report (#26) that the more Hariri lingers the readier is Israel to start another wave of assassination to destabilize Lebanon. What do I know?  I can review the events in the last three years and extrapolate the consequences.  It is no secret that Israel has started heating the south borders by trying to antagonize the UNIFEL with the Lebanese citizens waiting for the UN report and decision in August with respect of extending the mandate of the UN forces with a few alterations.  August is going to be a hot month unless a Lebanese unity government is running before then.

 

            Pakistan military incursions into the Taliban type Swat region are no longer in the media.  The US is already proclaiming military defeat in Afghanistan.  India is urged to relieve pressures on Pakistan so that it can focus its forces to resolving its internal serious problems.  Political solutions in Afghanistan are already contemplated.

 

            Iran election was no fraud.  Late Ayatollah Komeini demanded that election of the President and the supreme leader be done by popular vote and the procedure and process are very detailed and controlled that prevent any kinds of technical frauds on the scale the media would like us to believe.  The duration of the counting of 7 hours was the same as the election in 2005 since it didn’t involve parliamentary or municipal voting members.  There were in total 61,000 voting centers, 47,000 in fixed locations and 14,000 moving centers so that each center welcomed 500 voters.

            The duo Ahmadinajad and Kamenei were investing resources in the rural areas and bypassing the clerical cast. Besides the Capital Teheran that has 13 millions citizens, 17 other urban cities of over half a million each contain about 13 milions.  The remaining 45 milions dwell in towns of less than 100,000.  Ahmadinajad focused his economical aids on the rural areas and alienated the clergy cast by not using it as intermediary in the financial distribution.

            The demonstrators were not the pro-reformists attributed to the other candidates but the supporters of the clergy cast fearing a crackdown on its privileges.  The duo Ahmadinajad and Kamenie sent the strong signal to the clergy to make room for reforms. The Iranian clergy cast thought of riding the wave of the western media and uncovered its schemes.  Iran is poised for reforms; its top priorities are internal; the external pressures are “beyond Obama” but they are the least scary or worrisome to the regime.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

October 2020
M T W T F S S
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031  

Blog Stats

  • 1,426,961 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.adonisbouh@gmail.com

Join 774 other followers

%d bloggers like this: