Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Cilicia

Free-Trade Zones? How this works? Can they work in the Middle East?

Note: Re-edit of “Free-Trade Zones of December 2, 2008

Are Free-Trade Zones in the Middle East being worked out? (December 1, 2008)

I have no idea how a Free-Trade Zone works, and what are its advantages, but it sound good, since it is Free? Free trade to whom and how the common people of the States can benefit from these deals?

I doubt anything labelled “free” can be of any value, except free public education to all, free preventive health care, and free institutions to open opportunities for the people to find jobs and field of studies.

Most probably, these zones are meant to enrich the richer countries and degrade the economic production of the weaker nations.

The advantage in the long-term is that it prevent military confrontations, facilitate the travel and trade between the State, inhance exchanges among the people, enlarge the market for added value entreprises, and break-up mythical ideas.

I like to envision the creations of 11 free-trade zones in the Middle East, among the States of Turkey, Iran, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, and Cyprus.

Though this idea is Not feasible as long as the superpowers and colonial powers are dead serious of keeping the Middle-East divided, destabilized and wracked with mythical/religious enmities.

The colonial powers, mainly USA, England and France implanted their Israel colony in Palestine in order to disturb daily routine trade and communication, Not only in the Near-East (Nation of Syria), but the Middle East altogether.

Israel is strategically our existential enemy.

With Israel still supported by the colonial power, our region will constantly be destabilized and divided to conduct and resume any sustainable trade and create an economic cycle for self-reliance and autonomy.

Why free-trade zones?

Most of the recognized States by the United Nations in the Middle East were Not naturally and normally constituted, and the borders are artificially delimited: The States  were divided up by the mandatory European nations of Britain, France and the active participation of the USA, after the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire lost the war in the WWI by siding with Germany.

Consequently, there are many ethnic, emotional, economic, linguistic, and historical intermingling and rivalries among these States.

Since “victory” military confrontations are out of the question, and since daily trade and social relations are binding certain bordering zones then, creative alternatives should be studied to form viable trade zones that otherwise would be left unmanaged and precariously volatile.

First, between the States of Turkey and Syria there are many legitimate claims that should be resolved on their borders.  There is the possibility of several free-trade zones such as (Cilicia, Iskandaron, and Lazkieh (Latakieh)) and the Kurdish common zone of Hassakeh and Diar Baker and Van.

Second, between Turkey and Iraq there is an ideal free-trade zone in their common Kurdish region around Mosul.

Third, between Iraq and Iran: two zones can be contemplated (the common Kurdish region, and the region around the Persian/Arabian Gulf.

Fourth, between Iraq, Iran, and Kuwait the Basra region could alleviate recurring conflicts.

Fifth, between Iraq, Syria, and Jordan, where their frontiers intersect artificially, a free-trade zone would encourage commerce in that desolate area.

Sixth, between Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon there are shared bordered around the Golan Heights.

Seventh, between Syria and Lebanon there are potential two zones (the northern Lebanese frontiers of Akkar, and the south-eastern Bekaa Valley with Shebaa Farms).

Eight, between Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, and Cyprus a free-trade zone in Cyprus would iron out differences and encourage maritime commerce.

What are the processes for initiating these free-trade zones?

After a period of three years of ironing out details and instituting regulations with special passports or identity cards for the inhabitants of the zones, then all the zones between the states can be merged.

It is only normal that contiguous zones common to three States could eventually be merged and a belt of uninterrupted contiguous zones would form the natural borders of the Middle East.

As was done in Europe, let commerce and industry form the basis for these zones, which should generate rational cooperative decisions for our future.

The concept of a free-zone is to create a magnate cities, self-autonomous city, with laws and regulations agreed upon among the States.

Ultimately, an economic union could emerge, based on a set of procedures and processes that works, which form a firm ground to negotiating common interests, and disseminating common laws and regulations valid in the various lands.

Who handed over Syria land of Cilicia and Eskandaron to Turkey?

The French mandated power over Syria and Lebanon handed over to Turkey lands vaster than current Syria.

This land is called “Al Liwaa2” constituted of Antakia, Eskandaron, Bilan, Rihaniyat, Suwaydiyyat, Ksaab, Barkat, Bilyas. And in Cilicia: Diyar Baker, Aintab, Adana, Mardin, Ksaab, Barkat, Bilyas…

The main governments in France at that period were wholeheartedly in support of establishing a State for the Jews in Palestine. Thus, it was natural to divide this vast Syria, weaken it and strike a deal with Ataturk to support the creation of Israel.

This deal started with the SEVRES treaty and then Ankara Agreement where the borders were delimited by the train railway of the Orient.

This wide stretch of land is currently named Hatai province in Turkey

# كيليكيا ولواء اسكندرون.#
يطلان على البحر المتوسط ويقعان شمال سورية ،
بمساحة /187،804،9/كم مربع، ذو طبيعة جبلية ،أهم جبال اللواء/الأمانوس،الأقرع،موسى ،النفاخ../.
أهم أنهاره/نهر العاصي ،نهر الأسود،نهر عفرين../
-أهم مدنه /إنطاكيا،إسكندرونة ،بيلان،الريحانية،أرسوز،السويدية،
كساب،البركة،بلياس.
وفي كيليكيا مدن/ديار بكر ،عنتاب،أضنة ، ماردين /.
-في عام 1920 وفي إطار معاهدة “سيفر”  رسمت الحدود بين تركيا وسورية .
وفي اتفاقية “أنقرة الأولى “عام1921 أدخلت تعديلات على اتفاقية “سيفر”حيث اعتبرت سكة حديد (قطار الشرق السريع ) خطا حدوديا يفصل بين البلدين ،
وفي عام 1930 ألحقت فرنسا بتركيا 12 قرية عربية من اللواء
،وفي 29 أيار 1937 أصدرت عصبة الأمم قرارا بفصل اللواء عن سورية وعينت عليه حاكم فرنسيا ،
وفي 6 تموز 1938 دخلت القوات التركية مدن اللواء واحتلتها ،
وفي عام 1939 أشرفت الإدارة الفرنسية على استفتاء مزور النتائج  لإنضمام اللواء إلى تركيا .حيث تم فصله عن الدولة الأم سورية وأطلق عليه” إقليم هاتاي التركي “.
المتهمون بفصل اللواء عن سورية:
-فرنسا الاستعمارية حيث كانت تقايض أراضي غيرها من الدول بما يتفق مع مصالحها ،رغم أن صك الإنتداب يشترط عليها المحافظة على وحدة أراضي الدول المنتدبة عليها.
تاج الدين الحسيني:
هو من أصول مغربية،عرف بأنه رجل فرنسا الوفي ،ثالث رئيس لسورية بين عامي/1929 – 1931 /،ورئيس وزراء سورية بين عامي /1934 – 1936 / جاءت به فرنسا لرئاسة أخرى بين عامي / 1941 -1942 / .
ينتمي للتيار الإسلامي وقد سهل دخول الإخوان المسلمون إلى سورية بعد انطلاقهم من مصر  1928 .
للسوريين هتاف معروف في المظاهرات الوطنية ضده “يا تاج الدين يا عدو الله والدين
قيل أنه لم يمانع من تسليم لواء اسكندون لتركيا بداعي التخلص من الأكثرية العلوية في اللواء ،وكي لا يزاحموا الأغلبية السنية على الحكم في سورية ،وقد أرسل خفية ثلاث شخصيات معروفة الى تركيا تستجدي السلطات التركية لضم اللواء.
وهو جد الخائن أحمد معاذ الخطيب الذي ترأس ما سمي “الإئتلاف السوري المعارض “
– المتهم الثاني :أحمد نامي
من أصول شركسية ،صهر السلطان العثماني عبد الحميد الثاني ،معرف أنه مؤسس المحفل الماسوني في سورية .
حكم سورية ببن عامي /1926 – 1928 / ،كما تولى تشكيل أكثر من حكومة .
في عهده اعتقلت فرنسا كافة القيادات الوطنية السورية بتواطئه معها.
المتهم الثالث :جميل مردم بك
مم أصول تركية ،عضو في المحفل الماسوني السوري ،تعاقب على الرئاسة في سورية أكثر من مرة في الثلاثينات والأربعينات ،
أبن عم فؤاد مردم الذي أعدم بتهمة شراء سفينة أسلحة وتسليمها للعصابات الصهيونية في فلسطين ،
تنسب إلى جميل مردم بك العبارة المشهورة “تركيا أرض الإسلام وسورية أرض الإسلام فلا مشكلة أين ما ذهب لواء اسكندرون “
………….دمتم بخير ……………….

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adonis49

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