Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘civil war

Tidbits #45

Civil war underway in the US due to lingering indignity and latent racism. On May 25, George Floyd was killed in Minneapolis, begging for his life with a police officer’s kneeling on his neck. On March 13, EMT Breonna Taylor was shot to death by police officers who burst into the wrong apartment. In February, jogger Ahmaud Arbery was killed by two vigilantes.

Unfortunately, car pollution are exactly the emissions that are likely to rebound after lockdown orders are lifted. (Though who will return to air transport, except those private airplanes of the elite classes?)

The Navajo nation has the highest Covid-19 infection and death rates of any group in the US, as the federal government fails to provide them with adequate information and resources. Young adults in the community have taken it upon themselves to launch information campaigns to try to protect their elders, who carry the most language and cultural knowledge, Mona Gable reports for STAT.

Most of what we grow in this country (corn, soybeans…) is not food exactly, but rather feed for animals and the building blocks from which fast food, snacks, soda, and all the other wonders of food processing, such as high-fructose corn syrup, are manufactured.

Before the Covid-19 pandemics: The White House releases its $4.8 trillion budget proposal expected to seek cuts to social safety net programs and foreign aid, while also requesting $2 billion in new funding for border-wall construction.

Sadiq Khan, mayor of London ordered a review of the city’s landmarks. A commission will look into statues, street names, and plaques that reflect Britain’s violent colonial expansion.It is an uncomfortable truth that our nation and city owes a large part of its wealth to its role in the slave trade,” he said.

An underestimate, due to the way that government statistical agencies collect data,.  Data show that blacks in the US have 10 times less wealth, are 20% more likely to be unemployed, and make 78% as much in weekly wages as whites.

Major surveys all exclude the more than two million Americans who are incarcerated and 90% of inmates are men. Since black Americans are six times more likely to be incarcerated than whites, and twice as likely as Hispanics, this has the effect of making it appear that African Americans are better off financially than they really are.

Is it a matter of perception on Loneliness? Some people need extended periods of time alone to recharge, others would rather give themselves electric shocks than spend a few minutes with their thoughts.

“If you don’t spend a dime, free entry, drinks, and dinners… and you got a lot of money and you spend a lot…that’s power. It signal recognition of a person’s social worth”. Thus, only the common people have to pay for the VIP clan?

How many years must a slave toil, be humiliated and degraded before a colonial power sinks in the gutter?

Mama. I can’t breath…Last words of George Floyd before he suffocated

These are the last words of George Floyd, a 46-year-old man who died as a US police officer pinned him down, kneeling on his neck for 7 minutes, until he suffocated:

“It’s my face man
I didn’t do nothing serious man
please
please
please I can’t breathe
please man
please somebody
please man
I can’t breathe
I can’t breathe
please
(inaudible)
man can’t breathe, my face
just get up
I can’t breathe
please (inaudible)
I can’t breathe sh*t
I will
I can’t move
mama
mama
I can’t
my knee
my nuts
I’m through
I’m through
I’m claustrophobic
my stomach hurt
my neck hurts
everything hurts
some water or something
please
please
I can’t breathe officer
don’t kill me
they gon’ kill me man
come on man
I cannot breathe
I cannot breathe
they gon’ kill me
they gon’ kill me
I can’t breathe
I can’t breathe
please sir
please
please
please I can’t breathe”

Then his eyes shut and the pleas stop. George Floyd was pronounced dead shortly after.

Right now, we have a choice. This can just be one more tragic death at the hands of US police — or the moment for change.

Note 1: George didn’t commit anything wrong. He just asked a girl to put a leash on her dog. The girl called the police…

Note 2: This time around, it is civil war until the entire Trump administration resign and an early election is decided.

How happy are those who were “saved” from a civil war?

Note: Re-edit of “Very happy I am; very lucky, indeed! (January 5, 2009)”

Note:  This article is extracted from the epilogue of “Thus Spoken the Killer” by Nasri Sayegh; the epilogue is entitled “Fuck it

Very happy the individual who emerges from a civil war with a simple insult on barricades; who received just a slap, a box, or a vengeful wait on barricades.

Very happy who escaped a civil war and was robbed a bundle of bread or his car trunk was vandalized.

Very happy whose wife’s body was just checked by fretful fingers, who was threatened to be beaten but was spared a beating, or by death or by kidnapping but these threats never materialized.

Very happy who was warned to vacate his house and obeyed gladly.

Very happy who was just fired from a job on confessional basis but survived a civil war.

Terribly lucky that you were kidnapped or made prisoner and returned safe and sound to your family.

Terribly lucky who you were estimated on any value for prisoner exchange, or because you were utterly worthless to waste a bullet in your head.

Terribly lucky that a bomb went off or a car explosion and it spared you of shrapnel.

Awfully lucky that you kept your property intact by bribing the appropriate leader.

Awfully lucky that only one of the members of your family was injured.

How lucky you were that a family lived in your vacated property and kept it decently maintained.

How lucky that you were out with your family when a missile hit your home.

How lucky that you found someone to whisk you out of a dangerous zone or you were a foreign national and were shipped out safely with your compatriots in identity paper.

You should have been grateful that you were allowed to be handed the body of a relative and that you managed to give him a proper burial.

How courageous you were when you demanded to know the name of the killer.

You must have been one of the rare courageous men to have just asked that you personal rights for freedom be respected, that embezzlements by militias are not part of human rights.

Thank your “God” that you escaped alive with an intact passport and a current visa, or valuable document to your properties, of cherished photos and souvenirs of those who died to safeguard “freedom, honor, and self autonomy”.

You have to be thankful a thousand times that you survived to re-experience another civil war as a meek sheep.

(Fuck it all; there are no grounds to be happy or thankful to have survived a civil war, where no party even won the war! No victor!)

And all the militia/mafia “leaders” returned to rule Lebanon for 30 years after this war ended

In Context: Lebanon civil war didn’t end yet

Note: Re-edit of  2012 article “Civil war didn’t End yet? This time around…Part 2”

You have this desolate second largest city in north Lebanon: Tripoli means the Three Cities where three separate quarters were governed by the kings of Byblos (Jubeil), Saida (Sidon) and Tyr (sour) in antiquity.

Tripoli is currently ignored by the government, and has been for many decades.

The inhabitants of Tripoli are practically living in the Mamluk period, when the Near-East was ruled from Egypt, 7 centuries ago, and they wear the white “Arabic” jelabiyya, as if they were part of the “Arab” Gulf Emirates, or an extension of Saudi kingdom, without the these headgears (3igal), just carrying long beards and stuff…

You may read details on Tripoli and how it fared during the 17-year civil war, https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2008/10/22/testimonials-of-a-civil-war-in-lebanon-continue-6/

The adjacent province is the Akkar on the borders with Syria.

Akkar is another part of Lebanon totally ignored by the successive governments of this pseudo-State. Most of the soldiers and lower files and ranks are from Akkar, an agricultural area and lacking all kinds of facilities.

The US, Saudi kingdom, and Qatar are pouring in war money and weapons into the northern districts by Syria borders in order to support the armed Syrian insurgents against the Assad regime.  The weapons are shipped to the port of Tripoli and sent from Libya…

And the UN German ships controlling the arrival of ships loaded with weapons, a task assigned by the UN resolution to tighten the embargo on Gaza, has failed in its mission…The latest demonstration of force showed the emergence of heavy weapons in the streets of Tripoli…

The Lebanese  army is doing its best to counter this volatile situation and to control the influx of armed Syrian infiltrators into Lebanon and the exit of armed people from Lebanon into Syria.

Mind you the government has been queasy of extending a forceful and a resolute order to the army to do its jobs.

While fighting was raging in Tripoli, a couple hundred of social platforms connected people gathered in silence on Martyr Square in Downtown Beirut

It looks as a rerun of the conditions of 1968, which resulted in the civil war of 1975.

After Israel occupied all of the West Bank, Gaza, and Jerusalem in the preemptive war of 1967, thousands of Palestinians experienced another wave of refugees into Lebanon.

In 1968, Lebanon allowed the military wing of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) to set bases in the Arcoub region (south-east of Lebanon) and as a self-autonomous area where the Lebanese army would Not venture to enter and control.

In 1970, late King Hussein of Jordan crushed the PLO and the armed Palestinians flocked to the Arcoub Safe Zone, and gradually controlled most of South Lebanon.

A year later, the Capital Beirut became the main headquarter for all Palestinian factions. Lebanon was politically reduced to a de-facto Palestinian dictate.

In 1982, Israel invaded Lebanon and entered Beirut and forced the military wings of the PLO to vacate Lebanon.

And you have the same elements who sided with the armed Palestinians supporting the armed Syrian insurgents…

And you have the same kind of confused and perturbed weak government proclaiming that its policy is Not to intervene in troubled Syria or to strictly control the influx of armed Syrian insurgents…

Interchange armed Palestinian movements with Syrian armed insurgents, and north Lebanon will become another “Arcoub” of Safe Zone for launching military attacks on Syria instead of Israel…and another civil war will befall Lebanon…

Implicitly, what the youth are saying:
1. We don’t care what the radical Islamists wants to impose on us: We want them to stay clear from our safe zone neighborhoods in part of Lebanon…
2. We don’t care of the government motto of “staying clear from the troubles in the neighboring States, such as Syria..: All that we want is potable water, electricity, and not meddling in our life-style…
3. We don’t care what regime in Syria will replace the Assad clan…
4. We are so totally apolitical…We are frankly too ignorant in world affairs…we are the vegetarian kind, the doing good for the environment and climate, the youth not meddling in our own internal political affairs, we are the worldwide connected zombies…
And that is the problem: they don’t give a fuck and leave the fuckers decide for them…as if the war will never reach them…
They prefer to wait for the calamity to struck, but they won’t wake up…They are apolitical…and so is war?

Lebanon Civil War (1975-1990) not Ended yet? And conditions getting worse?

After the war ended without any military victory for any side, the militia/mafia “leaders” ruled the country, and are still behind the current “power”

Note 1: Repost of 2012 article “Civil war not Ended yet? This time around…No more Blemish. Part 3”
Note 2: This report does Not cover the current worsening situation in Lebanon. Total deficit in all branches: government budget, banks, Central Bank, No outside influx of fresh money, No productive economy… And this Coronavirus…
Note 3: You may read this link to comprehending the context of the problem: https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2012/05/26/part-2-civil-war-didnt-end-yet-this-time-around/

Two campaigns were carried out on social platforms to get the Lebanese engaged against the waves of internal instability that are reminiscent of the mechanisms of previous civil wars.

The first campaign, followed by marches in England, was under the banner “Silence means consent. Shout: NO TO CIVIL WAR, NO TO SECTARIANISM”.  The petition to sign said:

“We are Lebanese citizens who want a peaceful, stable and secular Lebanon. We are not connected to any political party or sectarian group”.

In light of the worrying recent events in Lebanon, we believe that time has come for the “silent majority” in Lebanon to speak up and shout: “NO TO CIVIL WAR, NO TO SECTARIANISM”.

Joanna Choukeir Hojeily was with Cedric Choukeir.

We call for:

• An “arm free” Lebanon

• A new law prohibiting the purchase or use of arms by civilians under any circumstances

• Civil peace to be guaranteed and reinforced by the government, the army and the security forces

• Unbiased and “non-sectarian” media coverage of the events as they unfold

• The prosecution of every individual who has directly or indirectly participated in the clashes and violent events of this past week in Lebanon

• Political leaders to seriously and actively stop arming their partisans and work towards containing the tension

• The civil society in Lebanon to take urgent action by lobbying, raising awareness, actively engaging in conflict prevention and starting peace initiatives targeting “at risk neighbourhoods

• Friends and family members of individuals involved in the violence to deter their loved ones from taking part in future clashes

Remember, silence means consent… so speak up!

The second campaign “Lebanon must have a War Free Zone…”
The two campaigns demonstrate the excellent intention of the majority of Lebanese to avoid another civil war and their serious engagement to confront the dark forces.
That is not enough:
The professional dark forces are receiving the strong signal that the peaceful and secular communities in Lebanon are not aware of the mechanisms for starting a civil war and how to effectively prevent a planned civil war.
The slogan asking for a War Free Zone for the secular Lebanese is hilarious: As if the UN job is to allocate a region within Lebanon for those Lebanese who want to stay clear from the consequences of a civil war, instead of immigrating to better pastures…
The professional dark forces are trained using a textbook on “How to Start and sustain a civil war”.
The key tactic in fomenting a civil war is to ease the youth into “shameful” activities, unaware of the gravity in participating in these activities, and cow the youth into silence, during the war, and years after the war has ended.
Many die, feeling pretty reluctant into divulging how they participated in the slaughter-hood and crimes against humanity.
My dad told me how at the beginning of the civil war in 1975, the local militia (the Kataeb, Phalanges) forced him and many other local middle-age men to carry old and non functional rifles, just to walk the streets at night in order to recognize “foreign elements” not from the village…
My dad and his team used to hide when a car or a truck, loaded with loot from the port of Beirut, showed up: They preferred not to recognize the people or to be recognized…
Many youth, frankly opposed to the local militia ideology, were hoarded into military training camps: The peer pressure was enough to sending these youth into participating actively in the civil war.  The blemish projected by family members and friends for getting military training  was another factor into keeping the silence…
As the youth is immersed into this madhouse of ugly activities of humiliating people, getting used to drugs, and the feeling of illusory power…things get out of hand.
After the war, many militia fighters got nostalgic: They were no longer “cared for” and the feeling that everything was available and handy had vanished, and they had to fend for their daily survival…
It is about time that the “anti-war” in Lebanon start doing their due diligence in amassing materials on how civil wars start, are carried out, and who are those dark professionals returning to Lebanon, and naming names, and quickly getting mobilized against the slightest sectarian and feudal innuendo…
Best of all, get communities to meet, face to face, and let this human connection shred the myths of the sectarian leaders and clerics they weaved against ”illusory enemies” to maintain their hold of the chattel…
 The US is sending the strong signal that it intends on pressuring Lebanon into policies that are against the Lebanese interest, otherwise, another round of civil disturbances is on the burners…
For example:
1. Maura Connelly, US ambassador to Lebanon, was seen having lunch in Zahleh with engineer Richard Jraissati, former “Lebanese Forces” foreign contacts during the civil war. Is the US blatantly sending the strong message that the planning for another round of civil war in Lebanon has reached the preparation stage?
2. The “Bagman” Jeffrey Feltman, former US ambassador to Lebanon and soon to be transferred to the UN as assistant to foreign affairs policies position , visits frequently Lebanon. The visits precede by a few days the “US warning its citizens not to travel to Lebanon”.
Feltman programs the destabilization of a country he was supposed to protect and insure its stability.
Feltman accompanies the visits of Zionist US Senators and Congressmen, like Joseph Lieberman who pay visits to North Lebanon in order to establish a Free Zone for the Syrian armed insurgents to start a civil war in Syria from a safe zone in Lebanon…
3. I am just finishing reading the column of Sarkis Naoum in the daily Al Nahar, who is conducting interviews with US politicians and policy makers.
Naoum wrote that the US is studying and analyzing every single piece of intelligence on Lebanese banking transactions with the Syrian regime, its business leaders, and with Iran and Hezbollah…If this is not a hot preparation to fomenting a civil war, what is it?
The worst part is that our Prime Minister Mikati divulged to the US representative a list of Syrian businessmen…Why? Mikati wanted to know if these businessmen (he is dealing with) are on a blacklist! The US is glad to investigate more names it didn’t have…
While the Lebanese are very worried of the resurgence of any civil war that never ended, Seth Sherwood posted on May 13 “The Urbanist’s Beirut: Contemporary art, notorious nightclubs, and Frenchified cafés…”

La Plage Beach Club on the Corniche Beirut.

(Photo: Paul Blackmore)

“While much of the Arab world has been blown apart by social upheaval, mass violence, and political turmoil, Beirut has been kicking back quietly on its Mediterranean perch, happy and astonished to be a spectator for once. (Even the New York Times recently hailed it a ­“haven amid turmoil.”)

By day, buzzing scooters and battered old Mercedes taxis honk their way along palm-lined boulevards, unimpeded by demonstrations.

By night, their occupants stroll on the seaside Corniche, smoke water pipes in cafés, and indulge in the Lebanese capital’s legendary nightlife. But of course all is not rosy.

Neighboring Syria remains a battleground. While there is a vibrant gay subculture, homosexual activity is technically illegal, and travelers with Israeli stamps in their passports can still be arrested and detained.

Tensions among rival ­politico-religious factions, some heavily armed, simmer under the surface.

But a relative calm in recent years has prompted a development boom.

Indeed, the razing of historical buildings to create luxury shopping malls has led some to decry the “Dubai-ification” of downtown Beirut. 

And a parallel blossoming in art, fashion, and gastronomy, propelling the famously bullet-riddled city to emerge as the Arab world’s creative center…”

For today, Lebanon needs urgently to prosecute the last phase of the unfinished civil war: Lebanon wants a Victor in order to establish a modern State.
 
For today, Lebanon needs urgently to prosecute the last phase of the unfinished civil war: After 65 years of a pseudo independence and pseudo State, and the impossibility of regular and gradual reforms for our political/social system, there will be a definite victor, this time around.
This time around the Lebanese want to securing a central State, engaged on the side of the people, the citizens.

And the Lebanese banks responded to the government attacks: All decisions were taken by the State institutions

رد مصرفي عنيـف علــى اتهامات الحكومـــة:*

طفح الكيل ولينتظروا منا ما يضع النقاط على الحروف!*

المركزية- تعتبر جهات مصرفية في مجالسها الخاصة، وفي اجتماعاتها المغلقة أن الكيل بدأ يطفح من حملات السياسيين الرسميين والحزبيين ومن الإعلام الدائر في فلكهم على خلفية تشويه صورة القطاع المصرفي واتهامه بإخفاء الأرقام والتلاعب بها،

في حين أن الحقيقة تكمن في أن الحكومة ووزارة المال هي التي تقوم بذلك بغطاء من مجلس النواب وتحاول الإفلات من محاسبة الناس والرأي العام باتهام القطاع المصرفي بشقيه مصرف لبنان والمصارف التجارية زوراً!

ويتساءل مرجع مصرفي عبر “المركزية”: “أيجوز للحكومة ومجلس النواب اللذين يضعان الموازنات ويقرانها بدون قطع حساب أن يوجها أصابع الاتهام الى المصارف التي تنشر موازناتها السنوية وتدفع على أساسها الضرائب للدولة اللبنانية، وتخضع لرقابة الجهات الرسمية كما للمساهمين والجمعيات العمومية؟

وهل يجوز لمن يخفي الأرقام الحقيقية للعجز في موازانات الدولة اللبنانية من خلال ألاعيب تأجيل الدفع وعدم إدراج الكثير من القروض التي حصلت عليها الدولة من الدول والصناديق ومستحقاتها في الموازنات أن يتهم القطاع المصرفي بعدم الشفافية والتلاعب بالأرقام وإخفائها”؟

ويتابع المرجع المصرفي: “ألا يخجل السياسيون من أسئلتهم المشبوهة حول حقيقة أرقام القطاع المصرفي وهم لغاية الآن لم يتمكنوا من حصر كلفة سلسلة الرتب والرواتب التي أقروها قبل سنتين بالتهور والشعبوية على سبيل رشوة الناخبين ومن إعطاء رقم صحيح وثابت لكلفة هذه السلسلة وما ترتبه على الدولة سنويا وانعكاساتها على المديين المتوسط والبعيد بالنسبة الى حجم الرواتب التقاعدية وتعويضات نهاية الخدمة، على رغم مرور أكثر من سنتين على أقرارهم سلسلة الرتب والرواتب”؟

وعن اتهام المصارف بالتواطوء مع مصرف لبنان لتأمين الديون المطلوبة للدولة على حساب المودعين بفوائد مرتفعة،

يسأل المرجع : “إذا كانت المصارف “متآمرة” مع المصرف المركزي لغايات تجارية وربحية كما يقولون، فما دخل المصارف بسندات الخزينة التي اشتراها الصندوق الوطني للضمان الاجتماعي لتمويل عجز الخزينة،

وهل أن القيمين على الصندوق ومرجعياتهم السياسية مستثنون في هذه الحالة من التهمة التي يوجهونها زورا الى المصارف؟

وهل المصارف اكتتبت في سندات الخزينة سرا وتهريبا أم بناء على قوانين أصدرها مجلس النواب بناء على طلب الحكومة.

وهل المصارف والمودعون هم الوحيدون الذين استفادوا من الفوائد المرتفعة؟

ألم تستفد الدولة من الضرائب على الفوائد؟

وكم تبلغ قيمة الأموال التي جبتها الدولة من هذه الضرائب علماً أن الضريبة التي جبتها الدولة اللبنانية من أرباح المصارف من الهندسات المالية بلغت لوحدها 800 مليون دولار”؟

ويمضي المرجع في تفنيد الحملة على المصارف بالقول: “يتهمنا بعض السياسيين والحزبيين زورا بتبديد أموال المودعين، علما أن هذه الأموال معروفة وجهة التوظيف والاستثمار في القطاعين العام والخاص بكل دقة،

ولكن هل بإمكانهم أن يشرحوا لنا وللبنانيين أين وظفوا هم وكيف صرفوا أموال سندات الخزينة وأموال الضرائب والرسوم والعائدات التي جبوها بالمليارات من الشعب اللبناني؟

وأذا سلمنا جدلا بأن اتهاماتهم صحيحة للمصارف ومصرف لبنان بتبديد اموال المودعين من خلال توظيفها في سندات الخزينة، فإن السؤال البديهي هو أين بددت الدولة أموال المودعين والمصارف الذين استثمروا في سندات الخزينة، فسندات الخزينة موجودة بيد من اشتراها

لكن أين هي الأموال التي أخذتها الدولة؟ وهل تُسأل المصارف في هذه الحالة عن تبديد الإيداعات أم الدولة؟”

ويضيف المرجع المصرفي: “يطالبون المصارف بأن تأتي بأموال أصحابها، وبأموال المستثمرين اللبنانيين والعرب والأجانب فيها من الخارج لتأمين السيولة بحجة الحفاظ على أموال المودعين وحقوقهم، وهي محفوظة ومضمونة بالنسبة الى المصارف،

ولكن هل يمكن لأحد من المسؤولين السياسيين في الدولة أن يجيبنا من أين سيأتون هم بالأموال لسداد تعويضات نهاية الخدمة وحقوق المستشفيات والمتعهدين والمضمونين في الصناديق الضامنة للدولة اللبنانية”؟

ويتابع: “إضطرت المصارف تحت ضغط حالة عدم الاستقرار السياسي والأمني والإقتصادي الذي تتحمل مسؤوليته الحكومة أن تتخذ إجراءات موقتة لتنظيم سحب الأموال النقدية،

لكنها لم تتوقف يوما عن تلبية ما يمكن تلبيته من حاجات المودعين وتأمين حقوقهم ولو بالحد الأدنى الممكن والمتاح، فهل يحق للحكومة والسياسيين الذين يعملون على اتخاذ قرار بالتخلف كليا عن الدفع للدائنين الداخليين والخارجيين أن يأخذوا على المصارف التقنين في مواجهة الهجمة على السحوبات وتخفيض قيمة الأموال النقدية المسحوبة”؟

ويسأل: “بأي منطق تريد الحكومة التخلف عن دفع سندات الخزينة عنوة وقبل التفاوض وتنظيم الجدولة مع الدائنين، علما أن 80 بالمئة من دين الدولة اللبنانية هو دين داخلي، وهي في الوقت ذاته تتهم المصارف بحجب الأموال عن المودعين؟

من أين تأتي المصارف بكامل الأموال الموظفة في سندات الخزينة إذا تخلفت الدولة عن الدفع؟

وماذا عن سندات الخزينة التي اشتراها اللبنانيون مباشرة من الدولة؟

ألا تحاسب الدولة على عدم تسديدها؟ وألا يعتبر ذلك سرقة لأموال الناس مشابهة لسرقة أموال المصارف؟ ومنذ متى، وبأي منطق أو قانون تحاسب ضحية المتخلف عن الدفع ويُبرأ المتخلف”؟

ويخلص المرجع المصرفي الى التأكيد بأن المفلس هو الدولة اللبنانية وليست المصارف ولا الشعب اللبناني!

وبالتالي فالمفلس المبذر الذي تصرّف بأموال المصارف والناس هو من يجب أن يكون في قفص الاتهام والمحاسبة والمحاكمة وليس ضحاياه.

ومع ذلك فالمصارف مستعدة لتحمل كامل مسؤولياتها، ولكن هل تتحمل الحكومة والسياسيون مسؤولياتهم الأخلاقية والأدبية والمعنوية قبل القانونية؟

ويختم:”طفح الكيل أو يكاد من الكذب والتزوير والتجني والافتراء! ومن الآن وصاعداً لن نسكت على هذه الحملات… ولينتظروا منا ما يعجبهم وما يضع النقاط على الحروف”!

Note: Political system of civil war militia/mafia “leaders, Central Bank, banking system, and parliament controlled by the chief of all mafias  coalition Nabih Berry, and the Hariri clan controlled Lebanon since 1992.

Can we learn anything from Lebanon civil war (15 years)?

Note: re-editing this old article “Lebanon civil war revisited (Written in Jan 8, 2006 and published in 2008)”

I wrote in 1976 a lengthy article that was published, in two successive issues, by the university students’ newspaper of the Oklahoma Daily at Norman, on the subject of the civil war in Lebanon (the war has been less than a year in activities).

Unfortunately, I misplaced a copy of that article to compare my views with my current understanding of this calamity, although I think that I was on the right track even then.

Simply, the main facts of the civil war of Lebanon (1975-1991) points to the direction that it was an internally ignited and executed war, and entirely reinforced by external regional States in later planning, supply and logistics.

Since 1973, the Syrian regime of dictator Hafez Assad harassed Lebanon with almost impossible demands, and closed the borders for trade for 6 months in a stretch.

Basically, Assad was pissed off that the Lebanese government had decided not to declare war against Israel in September 1973, and refused to join the armies of Syria and Egypt of Sadat.

Hafez Assad wanted to have total control of the Palestinian Resistance Movement, under the leadership of Yasser Arafat (based in Lebanon).  Finally, Assad managed to control the major arms and arsenal depots of the Palestinian resistance through the Palestinian faction called Saika under the total control of Syria.

When the civil war in Lebanon started, the Palestinian forces could overrun the Lebanese army and the Phalanges Christian forces within a week, but Assad refused to open the arms depots to Arafat.

And the civil war dragged on for the coming 17 years, resulting in “religious cleansing” of major regions into self-autonomous cantons.

Since the Independence of Lebanon in 1943, our political system has been contained and maintained through the tacit alliance of the feudal, confessional and mercantile powerhouses of both the Maronite Christians and Sunni Muslims.

Then and now, I am convinced that the sectarian and conservative Christian Maronite political parties, with the complete support of then President Suleiman Frangieh and the high-ranking officers of the army, decided that a civil war was the only alternative solution remaining in their hands to salvage the crumbling confessional political and social status.

I reluctantly insert reviews of our past political system, solely for the benefit of the new generations of Lebanese, who cannot perceive the continuation of the past in our worsening present system.

We can reach as far in our past and attest to the vicious cycle of short periods of self-determination, lasting half a human life, making room to centuries of subjugation.

These cycles keep springing up as unbreakable as if our destiny is a series of hopeless attempts for independence from the neighboring power houses in Turkey, Persia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, or even Iraq before the 10th century.

I might as well start in 1969, with the unpublished agreement between Yasser Arafat and the Lebanese government on the location of the military bases of the Palestinian Resistance Movement.

The “Arkoub Land” in south Lebanon (bordering Israel) was to become a secured islands  from Lebanon law, army, and forces of order.  This agreement was signed in Cairo by Jamal Abel Nasser, Yasser Arafat, the Lebanese army chief Emil Bustany, the Prime Minister Rashid Karame and the minister of the interior Pierre Gemayel who was also the leader of the Phalanx (Kataeb) party.

Under the motto that “The strength of Lebanon is in his weakness”, secured by the charter of the United Nations, Lebanon successive governments, as early as its independence in 1943, could not agree on forming a strong army able to defend its border.

The successive governments refrained from investing in the southern regions, in the Bekaa Valley and in Akkar.  the southern “citizens” or more accurately inhabitants, of  Muslim Shia majority, did not receive any attention from the central government in the budget or development planning.

The Maronite Christians and Sunni Muslims feudal and conservative leaders figured out that any troubles in the south will not significantly affect the rest of Lebanon or destabilize its confessional political system.

When Israel started to retaliate for the Palestinian rocket launching attacks from the Arkoub Land and under various pretenses, the citizens in the south flocked to the suburbs of Beirut forming what was called the “belt of misery” The “Dahiyat”, currently the stronghold of the Hezbollah Party.

These suburbs would have major impacts on the process of the civil war in many respects.

In the years 1969-1975, the Lebanese university students were the vanguard for significant reforms of our outdated political confessional system, and the Capital Beirut was the scene of multiple demonstrations per month demanding the governments to pay more attention to the dreams and drives of the youth for a modern and fair political system.

The Lebanese University was the hub of these demonstrations, lead by the Communists and left leaning students who succeeded in winning the elections of the student councils throughout the University branches.

The popular support for drastic reforms signaled the feasibility of changes through democratic means, which scared the confessional forces to bypass the real issues and lay our problems to the existence of the Palestinian resistance factions.

In order to rally the moderate Lebanese citizens around their status quo system, the confessional forces hammered on the prerequisite of uniting around the army, whenever premeditated incidents led to direct military confrontations on a few refugees’ camps in the Christian enclave like Dbayeh and Jesr El Basha; those same camps that former President Camille Chamoun opened and later extended the Lebanese Nationality to the Christian Palestinians to vote for him and his coalition during the Parliamentary elections.

In few instances, the army air force dusted off its archaic and limited war planes as a show of force, and twice determined to enter the camps without much political success.

It is a fact that the Maronite political parties, lead by the Phalanges party, planned the civil war, started it and refused to negotiate a lasting ceasefire.

They initiated the mass killing and genocide tactics based solely on confessional status, with the strategy of cleansing the areas of Christian majority from any Muslim or Palestinian elements.

The cleansing process went two steps further as the war continued;

First, they evacuated their areas from every Christian members affiliated to secular political parties like the Communists and the Lebanese based Syrian National Social party, and

Second, turned the guns to the Christian confessional party members (The Tiger forces and Arz forces…) who refused to unite under the banner of the unique party of “The Lebanese Forces” headed by Bashir Gemayel.

They also invited the Syrian forces to cross the Lebanese borders once their war plans failed to produce the equilibrium in military forces: The phalange territories were close to be sacked by the Nationalist and “progressive” coalition forces.

They negotiated directly with Israel, the enemy of Lebanon, and secured military logistical support in arms, ammunition and training.  In 1982, they encouraged Israel to extend their invasion to entering our Capital Beirut in order to chase the Palestinians out of Lebanon.

If it were not for Sharon’s foolish decision to chase Palestinian resistance out of Lebanon, it is very probable that Lebanon would have become a substitute de-facto State for the Palestinians.

Note:  You may select category “Testimony of civil war” in my blog for many articles on that subject.

Amber and Ashes: Biography of Kamal Nader

How the members of the Syria National Social Party (SNSP) captured the highest strategic pic in Sannine (The French Observatory” from the allies to Israel during Lebanon civil war.

The USA warned that this position is a threat to its presence in the Eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea because radars could detect far into Italy.

ذكريات الجمر والرماد . 27 .

مع انتصاف العام 1980 بدا ان الحرب في لبنان تتجه نحو التصعيد الدولي وانها لن تكون بعد الآن حربا داخلية او ” اهلية ” ، بل ستصبح حربا اقليمية تدخل فيها جيوشٌ كبيرة ودول وأُمم ،

وظهر ان ميليشيات كانت الى ذلك الوقت قوى محلية تقاتل من اجل اهداف سياسية موضعية قد تحولت الى جيوش نظامية مجهزة بالدبابات والمدافع الثقيلة وانها بدأت تقيم ما يشبه الدولة ااو الكيان السياسي المتكامل .

لقد ظهرت الى العلن العلاقة بين القوات اللبنانية واسرائيل ولم يعد الامر خافياً على احد وقدمت دولة العدو دبابات ثقيلة من طراز ” سوبر تشيرمان ” مع مدفعية ميدانية الى هذه القوات ودربتها عليها عبر عدة دورات وبعثات من مقاتليها ذهبوا الى فلسطين المحتلة وتلقوا علوما ترقى الى مستوى علوم الضباط والاركان ،

وبات التعاون الامني والعسكري علنياً ومتعدد الوجوه . حتى الثياب العسكرية صارت من اسرائيل والبنادق وطريقة حملها تشبه الطريقة التي نراها عند الجنود الاسرائيليين .

والواضح هو ان امريكا واسرائيل لم تكونا مرتاحتين لوجود القوات السورية في لبنان ،

وبينما كانت الحرب في بدايتها قد استهدفت اخراج القوات الفلسطينية الى مكان بعيد عن فلسطين ، فإن هذه القوات بقيت وزادت فوقها قوات سورية وهذا ما استدعى ان يرسم الحلفاء خططاً لضرب الجميع واخضاع السلطة في لبنان لمبدا الصلح والسلم الاسرائيلي .

تعددت الزيارات المتبادلة بين تل ابيب وجونيه والمجلس الحربي وكان شارون وزيرا للدفاع وبيغن رئيسا لوزراء العدو وكلاهما من المتطرفين الذين يحملون الحلم الصهيوني باسرائيل الكبرى من الفرات الى النيل ،

وبدا لهم ان الفرصة مؤاتية خاصةً بعدما خرجت مصر من الصراع ومن ثم غرق العراق في حرب طويلة مع ايران دامت من 1980 حتى 1988 ، وبقيت سوريا لوحدها في المواجهة . هنا بدا التخطيط للحرب الاقليمية .

وبالتوازي مع ذلك طفا على السطح حديث عن التقسيم في لبنان وعن ضرورة قيام كانتونات طائفية لأن مبدا التعايش لم يصمد والميثاق الوطني الموروث من سنة 1943 لم يعد صالحاً للعيش المشترك ،

وبات الإعلام عندهم يتحدث عن التجربة السويسرية وظهر مصطلح ” لينشيشتاين ” وهو على اسم كانتونات تقوم في سويسرا ما يعني ان لبنان يمكن ان يتشبه بها .

في ربيع ذلك العام حصلت معارك في زحله بين قوات الردع التي صارت سورية صرف بعدما انسحبت الدول العربية الاخرى منها ، وبين القوات اللبنانية وانصارها وفي احدى تلك المعارك تدخل الطيران الاسرائيلي واسقط طائرتي هليكوبتر سوريتين تحملان جنودا فوق تلال زحلة ، وهذا ما ردت عليه دمشق بادخال صواريخ ” سام 6 ” البقاع ما دفع الامور الى مزيد من التعقيد والتوتر .

في بداية صيف 1980 سعى قائد القوات اللبنانية بشير الجميل الى ربط زحله بالكانتون المسيحي في المتن وبيروت عبر شق طريق جبلي يمتد من اعالي جبل صنين نزولا الى المقلب الشرقي من الجبل وصولاً الى زحله ، لكن المشروع اصطدم بقواتنا القومية في منطقة قريبة من بسكنتا تعرف باسم ” المصاطب “ ،

وجرت معارك خسرنا فيها عددا من الشهداء خاصة عندما اصطدمت شاحنة عسكرية صغيرة يقودها الرفيق خليل ابو حيدر بلغم ارضي كبير فدمرت واستشهد بها خمسة من القوميين ، ومع ذلك تابعنا السيطرة على تلك المنطقة الستراتيجية .

وبالتوازي مع ذلك كنا قد تقدمنا من الخنشارة الى شرين والزغرين وصولاً الى نقطة ” عين التفاحة “ وهي المدخل الشرقي لبكفيا ،

وهذا ما ادى الى عزلها عن بتغرين وبسكنتا ، ولم يطل الوقت حتى كانت قوات من الحزب القومي تصعد الى اعالي جبل صنين المغطى بالثلوج وتستولي على موقع مهم جداً يعرف باسم ” الغرفة الفرنسية “ وهي اعلى قمة في صنين .

لقد استعملوا الزحافات الثلجية وصعدوا في الليل وفاجأوا عناصر القوات في عز الثلوج المتراكمة حيث لا يستطيع الانسان ان يقف خارج الغرف الدافئة اكثر من عشر دقائق . تمت العملية بشكل سريع وخاطف فسيطر رفقاؤنا على القمة واسروا العناصر هناك ثم اطلقوهم ليعودوا الى قراهم دون ان يؤذوهم .

كانت عملية الغرفة الفرنسية هذه ضربة قاصمة للمشروع الاسرائيلي فجن جنون شارون وبيغن وراحوا يهددون بحرب عالمية اذا لم ننسحب او اذا تسلم الجيش السوري تلك القمة وركب عليها رادارات متطورة واسلحة دفاعية جوية ، وقالوا يومها إن ذلك من شأنه ان يرصد حركة الاساطيل الامريكية في البحر المتوسط وصولاً الى شواطئ ايطاليا وجزيرة مالطا وكل افريقيا الشمالية .

وما زلت الى اليوم اتذكر هؤلاء الشبان الابطال كيف اقاموا تحت الثلوج في غرفتين قديمتين بناهما الفرنسيون ايام الانتداب واستعملوهما كمرصد مهم خلال الحرب العالمية الثانية .

ويروي الذين عاشوا في تلك النقطة كيف كانت الثلوج تغطي غرفهم وترتفع عدة امتار فوقها والحرارة تتدنى الى 10 تحت الصفر وكيف كان البخار الصاعد مع انفاسهم يتجمد على شواربهم كما تتجمد البستهم على اجسادهم في الليل ولم تكن نوبة الحراسة تتجاوز العشر دقائق لأن الجندي سيصاب بالجمود كلوح الثلج اذا بقي وقتا اطول دون تدفئة في الداخل .

كانت تلك العملية والبقاء فوق القمة تحدياً كبيرا للطبيعة وللعدو الصهيوني ودخولاً خطيراً في اللعبة العسكرية والستراتيجية الدائرة في الشرق والتي كان يسمع هدير الحرب فيها يكبر مع مرور الوقت .

بذلك كانوا نسوراً في اعالي القمم وما زالت تنتشر لهم صورٌ بثيابهم البيضاء وهم فوق الثلوج . لهم منا كل الحب والتقدير والاعجاب ، وبهم وبمثلهم تنتصر الامم وحركات النهضة القومية وما زالوا يولدون نسوراً يقاتلون في كل مكان وزمان دفاعا عن الوطن والشعب حيث يستجد الخطر وحيث تدعو الحاجة .

طالت الحلقة وفي المرة القادمة نحكي عن تحضيرات الاجتياح الاسرائيلي وعن عملية ” سلامة الجليل ” كما سماها اليهود . فالى اللقاء واسلموا للحق والجهاد لاجل بلادكم العزيزة والجميلة .

Tidbits and notes. Part 425

Iceland offers many benefits when it comes to bitcoin mining, among them cheapest geothermal energy and frigid air to keep machines from overheating (Block-chain servers).

Some companies are starting to test microchip implantation in employees, raising serious questions about worker autonomy, privacy, surveillance—and humanity itself.

Civil political disobedience against Lebanon Parliament (the main power that ruined the country) should go hand in hand with indirect taxes civil disobedience: stop driving (benzine, mechanic…), stop paying double energy, (for private providers), stop unnecessary mobile communication fees…

House impeachment hearings go public. Two career diplomats testify—with every major network covering the proceedings live—about allegations that Donald Trump withheld military aid from Ukraine for his own political advantage.

Graves are going green as thousands of people every year are giving up on funeral homes, formaldehyde, and coffins, and returning to nature as their forebears did—wrapped in a shroud, placed in a simple hole in the earth, with no trace of their resting place amid the birds, bees, and nematodes

A South Korean firm offers “living funerals.” The goal is to teach participants life lessons by faking their deaths.

Voici que recommence le grand Ordre des Sciecles? Quel ordre? Chaque leader, avec un tant soi peu de pouvoir, veut ramener un certain ordre qui convient a son image. Ces “ordonnances” s’intercoupent a l’infini avec un point focal: Le point ou’ le chaos commence.

Unless you associate with a sincere group (a tribe) in the  mass movement (7iraak) to control your later behavior and position, your participation will end up with no consequences

Probably a few in the Lebanese mass upheaval “7iraak” attended one of these “thousand and one night” (fa7esh) wedding of the new rich ministers and deputies. They are attending the 7iraak to absolve themselves from their sickening monstrosities.

I feel so distraught: how can so many Lebanese felt under the spell of those civil war “leaders” since 1975? Nothing in these leaders talks and speeches had any viable meaning for their future and well-being.

3 years ago, a before the President of Lebanon was elected, the USA didn’t give much damn about Iran in Lebanon, and let the Lebanese go down the drain. No, Iran is Not our problem. Rectify your your North (Sawbo al bousalat)

Depuis longtemps, les vivants du Liban partent pour mourir ailleurs, et puis quand morts, ils desirent revenir mouriri au Liban. Mort, vivant, la terre abhor le vide. Pas de Libanais? On apporte des Syriens et des Palestiniens

In 1902, 114 years ago, Amin Rihani, aLebanese immigrant living in New York, replied to the reforms of the new Ottoman Moutassarref to Mount Lebanon, Mozaffar Pasha. Rihani’s set of reforms priority was:
1) Establish public educational institutions. The religious clerics Must be forbidden to run or teach in these public schools.
2) Religious clerics must be denied interventions in any civic decisions or civic laws.
3) Public employees must submit to exams and be selected according to their capabilities.
4) Confiscate religious real estates and pay back the private owners who donated their lands.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

July 2020
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