Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Failed mission

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) failed in its mission; (Mar. 27, 2010)

After 30 years of successive wrong decisions, decisions based on ideology and not on economics, that

1. weakened the developing States and reduced them to further poverty and famine;

2. decisions that destabilized world economy and lead to the global financial crash…

This International Monetary Fund (IMF) is still refusing to evaluate its ideological economic policies and account for modern economics theories that have

1. demonstrated the total inadequacy of market mechanisms and

2.  financial forces working independently of State interventions and benefiting the upper classes

3.  failing to come to the rescue of the poorer classes and reducing chronic employment.

The IMF has failed in its objectives.

Its mission was supposed to tackle two global economic problems: first, engaging world economic stability and second, aiding developing countries to healthier transition into economic globalization.

The IMF thought that it was doing the right thing for over 30 years:  It stuck staunchly to an archaic economic theory of market forces taking care of fluctuations and inefficient decisions.

The IMF went further to feeling comfortable in the position that poverty and joblessness are not within its mission: they were the World Bank (WB) mission of carrying these functions toward the less fortunate classes!

In fact, the IMF adopted this slogan: “What is good for the financial community in diagnosing healthy world economy is necessarily an excellent stability factor for globalization.”

This incomprehensible laziness of the IMF economists to studying, evaluating, and analyzing economic structural singularities of developing countries, led to strengthening the notion that world market forces is the best solution for hazardous economic investments.

John Keynes theorized that when market mechanisms are not challenged by States and that market forces work unperturbed, it is inevitable that chronic collective joblessness follow.  Keynes stated that, even singular developed nation economic decisions, affect global economic stability: what one State import in product and services many other States are exporting them.

Keynes reflected that in financial crashes many needy economies will be unable to borrow liquidity to stimulating their solvable economies to either finance spending deficits or compensating for tax income reduction.

Indeed, many solvable States went down for lack of international lending policies.

Thus, Keynes was the economics guru who demanded the establishment of an international monetary fund with mission to extending liquidity to maintain a certain level of full employment that will sustain global economic stability.

The IMF policy makers functioned contrary to Keynes’ economic theory and mission, and the IMF relied on the archaic market dynamics and refused to have any faith on the interventions of States institutions.   This ideology is a blatant irony since the IMF is supposed to be a public institution, but it is acting and behaving as if transparency in decision, management, and administration, is none of its concern or demanded to be submitted to restrictions.

For three decades, the IMF has been pressuring developing states to adopting stringent restrictive economic policies that never suited world economic stability. The successive failures never incited the IMF into revising its economic ideology and make sense of all those incoherent concepts that led to humongous errors and deeper poverty.

For example, during the last three decades, world finance considered exchange rates as one of other commodities, such as product and services.  Thus, exchange rates were to be flexible to accommodate market forces. That was a great wise idea; what the IMF did?

The IMF considered that exchange rate is one commodity that should be maintained at any cost by pumping billions of dollars in pure expenses for no benefit to real economy. Contrary to its market ideology, the IMF excluded exchange rate from market mechanism tool to stabilizing a failing economy.

Usually, it is excessive pessimism after a euphoric phase that drives speculative capitals to be withdrawn in economically solvable States.  Speculative investment is the disease to be treated and an overvalued exchange rate is just one of the symptoms.

The ideology of the IMF did its best to greatly facilitating speculative influx of capitals, and when difficulties arise, to pumping more liquidity in order to maintain the previous exchange rate to the benefit of the multinational financial speculators.

Consequently, the disease is aggravated by this unilateral vision of who should be the prime beneficiary; it has never been the developing States.

For three decades, the developing States have been paying interest on IMF loans simply to enrich multinational speculators by maintaining high exchange rates.  Otherwise, speculators would have desisted if developing States were not pressured to maintaining their exchange rates.

When a private company fails to pay interests on wrong investment decisions, it just declares bankruptcy.  The IMF refuses the developing States to declaring bankruptcy because the multinational financial speculators have to benefit from their faulty loaning decisions.

For example, Russia slapped the IMF in 1998 and defaulted on its external debts; two years later, the multinationals were back investing in Russia.  Thus, liquidity pumped by the IMF at high interest rates into bankrupt States ends up in the pocket of the speculators at the detriment of stringent social conditions of the needy classes.

The gain amassed by speculators, as a group, basically amount to a State financial and economic loss as a government and society at large.  The IMF has in fact been encouraging financial speculators for over 30 years!

Consequently, the other incoherence in the IMF mission is the lack of viable diagnostic tools.  The economists hired by the IMF get worried with balance of payment deficits but barely care how the money was used and where it ended.

The IMF has been extending funds to developing countries in order to salvage companies of the developed States, which made very bad investment decisions.  Multinationals had not to worry about examining closely their faulty policies or had any incentives to reform since the IMF is established principally to come to their rescue.

When States enjoy surplus export balances it is at the expense of excess import balances in other States.  If imports are of the luxury-kind items then desisting extending financial loans on luxury items should take care of the imbalance.

The IMF ideology states: “Once a State reaches a pessimistic speculative mood, the neighboring States will inevitably suffer by disease contamination.”  The coherent economic theory of Keynes reflected as follow: “A State will reduce imports which will hurt neighboring economies.

How did the IMF interpret that relationship? 

The IMF responds by forcing neighboring States to drastic austerity policies in order to avoid “contagion!”  Thus, an entire region such as South East Asia, had to crumble after Thailand. Oil demands and other basic products were cut down which generated reduction in brute oil demands and prices; the waves of panic spread thousands of miles away.  Russia was affected by reduced oil prices and not by any mysterious links related to investors’ confidence.

So far, after the latest financial crash, the IMF was forced to re-examine its economic ideology and to reform its governance.  The IMF is encouraging developing States to control and manage the flux of speculative investments and discourage any investment that does not benefit real economy.

What is needed is that the IMF funds institutions, particularly in developing countries, can identify, control, and manage external investments and offer developing countries the availability of instant information and intelligence on economic and financial activities to be able to compete with the elite multinationals.




November 2020

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