Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘fear

And what are the Brain cells Survival Skills?

Posted on March 4, 2013

Fear beyond the Amygdala
Ranya Bechara posted on Feb. 6, 2013


For decades now, scientists have thought that fear could not be experienced without the amygdala.

This almond-shaped structure located deep in the brain (pictured on the left). The amygdala has been shown to play an important role in fear-related behaviours, emotions, and memories, and patients with damage to the amygdala on both sides of the brain were thought to be incapable of feeling afraid.

However, a recent study in Nature Neuroscience reports that these ‘fearless’ patients do experience fear if made to inhale carbon dioxide- a procedure that induces feelings of suffocation and panic.

The patients reported being quite surprised at their own fear, and that it was a novel experience for them!

Scientists behind the study have suggested that the way the brain processes fear information depends on the type of stimulus. The results of this study could have important implications for people who suffer from anxiety disorders such as panic attacks and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

More details can be found here

And how the brain can momentarily react to oxygen deficiency from Strokes?

Can scientists use the brain’s inherent survival mechanisms to develop better stroke treatment?

Strokes are a major cause of death and disability worldwide, with 150,000 people affected in the UK every year.

Most strokes happen when a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain is blocked due to blood clots or fat deposits. Once blood is cut off from an area of the brain, brain cells are starved for oxygen and nutrients and start to die within minutes.

A new study in Nature Medicine, scientists at the University of Oxford reveal a novel way in which the brain protects itself in response to stroke.

Ranya Bechara posted on Feb. 27, 2013 “Stroke Vs Brain: Harnessing the Brain’s Survival Skills”

Current treatments for stroke are focussed on breaking up the clots, improving blood flow to the affected area, and ultimately reducing the brain damage caused by the stroke. However, the so called ‘clot-busters’ are only effective if given within one to two hours of the stroke.

Other ways of protecting the brain against stroke damage are in high demand.

In this study, the research team from Oxford University (in collaboration with other researchers from Greece, Germany, and Canada, and the UK) decided to try a new approach. They investigated a phenomenon that has been known for years: some brain cells have an inherent defence mechanism that allows them to survive when deprived of oxygen.

These cells are located in the part of the brain responsible for forming memories: a pretty sea-horse shaped structure called the hippocampus.

The scientists analysed the proteins produced by these cells and found that the key to their survival is a protein called hamartin. This protein is released by the cells in response to oxygen deprivation, and when its production was suppressed, the cells became more vulnerable to the effects of stroke.

Original article is available here

Photo credit:


So many unknown who lived in fear. And died in Fear

He lived in fear. He died in Fear...

Is feeling Cold, an idea first?

Before we shiver

Before we feel our bones brittle

Before we feel our inside going to mush


Is feeling scared, an idea first?

Before our palms drip sweat

Before our deafening pounding heart drive us crazy

Before our lungs aches for holding breath…


Is mental turmoil, an idea first?

Before our dreams turn an unending nightmare

Before our days rush amid hallucinating monsters

Before we scream in horror …


Is physical pain, also an idea first?

Another one of the string of illusions?


Hardly, hardly, hardly

Pain is more powerful than death


And empathy is irrelevant in this case

Only active remedies to alleviate pain count

And bring back Death

To the forefront…

Note 2: Millions upon millions died of famine, of  thirst, of persecution, of slavery… under all kinds of controlled governments, civil wars, pre-emptive wars for exploitation of resources… of colonial domination, of forced labor…Is it about time that humanity regain a few compassionate emotions, of the concept of fairness and equitabily to all, regardless of race, genders, class divide…?


Is better possible?

The answer to this is so obvious to me that it took me a while to realize that many people are far more comfortable with ‘no’.

The easiest and safest thing to do is accept what you’ve been ‘given’, to assume that you are unchangeable, and the cards you’ve been dealt are all that are available.

When you assume this, all the responsibility for outcomes disappears, and you can relax.

When I meet people who proudly tell me that they don’t read (their term) “self-help” books because they are fully set, I’m surprised.

First, because all help is self help (except, perhaps, for open heart surgery and the person at the makeup counter at Bloomingdales). But even this sort of help requires that you show up for it.

Mostly, I’m surprised because there’s just so much evidence to the contrary.

Fear, once again fear, is the driving force here.

If you accept the results you’ve gotten before, if you hold on to them tightly, then you never have to face the fear of the void, of losing what you’ve got, of trading in your success for your failure.

And if you want to do this to yourself, this is your choice.

But don’t do it to others. Don’t do it to your kids, or your students, or your co-workers.

Don’t do it to the people in under-privileged neighborhoods or entire countries.

Better might be difficult, better might involve overcoming unfair barriers, but better is definitely possible. And the belief that it’s possible is a gift.

We owe everyone around us not just the strongest foundation we can afford to offer, but also the optimism that they can reach a little higher.

To write off people because you don’t think getting better is comfortable enough is sad indeed.

Better is a dream worth dreaming.


Tension vs. fear

Fear’s a dream killer. It puts people into suspended animation, holding their breath, paralyzed and unable to move forward.

Fear is present in many education settings, because fear’s a cheap way to ensure compliance. “Do this,” the teacher threatens, “or something bad is going to happen to you.”

The thing is, learning is difficult. If it was easy, you’d already know everything you need to know. And if you could do it on your own, you wouldn’t need the time or expense to do it with others. (Like visiting with a psy or alcohol anonymous?)

But when we try to learn something on our own, we often get stuck.

It’s not because of fear, it’s because of tension.

The tension we face any time we’re about to cross a threshold. The tension of this might work vs. this might not work. The tension of if I learn this, will I like who I become? (Most probably it is: Is what I learned on my own is correct and valid knowledge?)

Tension is the hallmark of a great educational experience.

The tension of not quite knowing where we are in the process, not being sure of the curriculum, not having a guarantee that it’s about to happen.

As adults, we willingly expose ourselves to the tension of a great jazz concert, or a baseball game or a thrilling movie.

But, mostly because we’ve been indoctrinated by fear, we hesitate when we have the opportunity to learn something new on our way to becoming the person we seek to be.

Effective teachers have the courage to create tension. And adult learners on their way to levelling up actively seek out this tension, because it works. It pushes us over the chasm to the other side.

I’ve been running the altMBA for nearly two years, and in that time we’ve seen tens of thousands of people consider the workshop. Some of them see the tension coming and eagerly dive in. Others mistake that tension for fear and back away, promising themselves that they’ll sign up later.

The ones who leapt are transformed. The tension pays off.

We’re proud of the tension. We built it into the workshop from the start, because education is never about access to information, it’s about the forward motion of learning.

You already know this workshop works. That’s easy to check out. The hesitation comes from this very fact… that it works. That a change occurs. That the unknown is right over there, and to get yourself there, you have to walk through a month’s worth of tension.

That’s the best way I know to learn. And so that’s the way we teach.

And what fear can teach us?

One day in 1819.

3,000 miles off the coast of Chile, in one of the most remote regions of the Pacific Ocean, 20 American sailors watched their ship flood with seawater.

They’d been struck by a sperm whale, which had ripped a catastrophic hole in the ship’s hull. As their ship began to sink beneath the swells, the men huddled together in three small whaleboats.

These men were 10,000 miles from home, more than 1,000 miles from the nearest scrap of land. In their small boats, they carried only rudimentary navigational equipment and limited supplies of food and water.

These were the men of the whale-ship Essex, whose story would later inspire parts of “Moby Dick.” (I had watched a lengthy documentary of that event a few years ago)

00:52 Even in today’s world, their situation would be really dire, but think about how much worse it would have been then. No one on land had any idea that anything had gone wrong.

No search party was coming to look for these men.

So most of us have never experienced a situation as frightening as the one in which these sailors found themselves, but we all know what it’s like to be afraid.

We know how fear feels, (actually Not in my case) but I’m not sure we spend enough time thinking about what our fears mean. 

TEDxSKE to TEDxSKE weekly salon shared this link

“What if we looked at fear in a fresh way? What if we thought of fear as an amazing act of the imagination, something that can be as profound and insightful as storytelling itself?” – Karen Thompson Walker(Ask any prisoner in a dictator State. What kinds of imaginations can he acquire?)

In this ‪#‎TEDTalk‬ screened at ‪#‎TEDxSKE‬ salon, Novelist Karen Thompson Walker shows how fear propels imagination, as it forces us to imagine the possible futures and how to cope with them.
‪#‎TED‬ ‪#‎TEDTalks‬ ‪#‎TEDx‬ ‪#‎Salon‬ ‪#‎TEDxSKESalon‬ ‪#‎Fear‬|By Karen Thompson Walker

As we grow up, we’re often encouraged to think of fear as a weakness, just another childish thing to discard like baby teeth or roller skates. And I think it’s no accident that we think this way.

Neuroscientists have actually shown that human beings are hard-wired to be optimists. (And why Zionism spread this propaganda that Palestinian children are hard-wired for mischief?)

So maybe that’s why we think of fear, sometimes, as a danger in and of itself. “Don’t worry,” we like to say to one another. “Don’t panic.” In English, fear is something we conquer. It’s something we fight.

It’s something we overcome. But what if we looked at fear in a fresh way? What if we thought of fear as an amazing act of the imagination, something that can be as profound and insightful as storytelling itself?

(Tell that to prisoners in dictators’ States or the Saudi Kingdom)

It’s easiest to see this link between fear and the imagination in young children, whose fears are often extraordinarily vivid.

When I was a child, I lived in California,  mostly a very nice place to live, but for me as a child, California could also be a little scary.

I remember how frightening it was to see the chandelier that hung above our dining table swing back and forth during every minor earthquake, and I sometimes couldn’t sleep at night, terrified that the Big One might strike while we were sleeping.

And what we say about kids who have fears like that is that they have a vivid imagination. But at a certain point, most of us learn to leave these kinds of visions behind and grow up. We learn that there are no monsters hiding under the bed, and not every earthquake brings buildings down.

But maybe it’s no coincidence that some of our most creative minds fail to leave these kinds of fears behind as adults. The same incredible imaginations that produced “The Origin of Species,” “Jane Eyre” and “The Remembrance of Things Past,” also generated intense worries that haunted the adult lives of Charles Darwin, Charlotte BrontĂŤ and Marcel Proust. So the question is, what can the rest of us learn about fear from visionaries and young children?

03:11 Well let’s return to the year 1819 for a moment, to the situation facing the crew of the whaleship Essex. Let’s take a look at the fears that their imaginations were generating as they drifted in the middle of the Pacific.

Twenty-four hours had now passed since the capsizing of the ship. The time had come for the men to make a plan, but they had very few options. In his fascinating account of the disaster, Nathaniel Philbrick wrote that these men were just about as far from land as it was possible to be anywhere on Earth. The men knew that the nearest islands they could reach were the Marquesas Islands, 1,200 miles away. But they’d heard some frightening rumors.

They’d been told that these islands, and several others nearby, were populated by cannibals. So the men pictured coming ashore only to be murdered and eaten for dinner. Another possible destination was Hawaii, but given the season, the captain was afraid they’d be struck by severe storms.

Now the last option was the longest, and the most difficult: to sail 1,500 miles due south in hopes of reaching a certain band of winds that could eventually push them toward the coast of South America.

But they knew that the sheer length of this journey would stretch their supplies of food and water. To be eaten by cannibals, to be battered by storms, to starve to death before reaching land.

These were the fears that danced in the imaginations of these poor men, and as it turned out, the fear they chose to listen to would govern whether they lived or died.

we might just as easily call these fears by a different name. What if instead of calling them fears, we called them stories? Because that’s really what fear is, if you think about it. It’s a kind of unintentional storytelling that we are all born knowing how to do. And fears and storytelling have the same components.

They have the same architecture. Like all stories, fears have characters. In our fears, the characters are us. Fears also have plots. They have beginnings and middles and ends. You board the plane. The plane takes off. The engine fails. Our fears also tend to contain imagery that can be every bit as vivid as what you might find in the pages of a novel.

Picture a cannibal, human teeth sinking into human skin, human flesh roasting over a fire. Fears also have suspense. If I’ve done my job as a storyteller today, you should be wondering what happened to the men of the whaleship Essex.

Our fears provoke in us a very similar form of suspense. Just like all great stories, our fears focus our attention on a question that is as important in life as it is in literature: What will happen next?

our fears make us think about the future. And humans, by the way, are the only creatures capable of thinking about the future in this way, of projecting ourselves forward in time, and this mental time travel is just one more thing that fears have in common with storytelling.

As a writer, I can tell you that a big part of writing fiction is learning to predict how one event in a story will affect all the other events, and fear works in that same way. In fear, just like in fiction, one thing always leads to another.

When I was writing my first novel, “The Age Of Miracles,” I spent months trying to figure out what would happen if the rotation of the Earth suddenly began to slow down. What would happen to our days? What would happen to our crops? What would happen to our minds?

 it was only later that I realized how very similar these questions were to the ones I used to ask myself as a child frightened in the night. If an earthquake strikes tonight, I used to worry, what will happen to our house? What will happen to my family? And the answer to those questions always took the form of a story.

if we think of our fears as more than just fears but as stories, we should think of ourselves as the authors of those stories. But just as importantly, we need to think of ourselves as the readers of our fears, and how we choose to read our fears can have a profound effect on our lives.

some of us naturally read our fears more closely than others. I read about a study recently of successful entrepreneurs, and the author found that these people shared a habit that he called “productive paranoia,” which meant that these people, instead of dismissing their fears, these people read them closely, they studied them, and then they translated that fear into preparation and action. So that way, if their worst fears came true, their businesses were ready.

 sometimes, our worst fears do come true. That’s one of the things that is so extraordinary about fear. Once in a while, our fears can predict the future. But we can’t possibly prepare for all of the fears that our imaginations concoct. So how can we tell the difference between the fears worth listening to and all the others?

I think the end of the story of the whale-ship Essex offers an illuminating, if tragic, example. After much deliberation, the men finally made a decision. Terrified of cannibals, they decided to forgo the closest islands and instead embarked on the longer and much more difficult route to South America.

After more than two months at sea, the men ran out of food as they knew they might, and they were still quite far from land. When the last of the survivors were finally picked up by two passing ships, less than half of the men were left alive, and some of them had resorted to their own form of cannibalism.

Herman Melville, who used this story as research for “Moby Dick,” wrote years later, and from dry land, quote, “All the sufferings of these miserable men of the Essex might in all human probability have been avoided had they, immediately after leaving the wreck, steered straight for Tahiti.

But,” as Melville put it, “they dreaded cannibals.” So the question is, why did these men dread cannibals so much more than the extreme likelihood of starvation?

Why were they swayed by one story so much more than the other? Looked at from this angle, theirs becomes a story about reading.

The novelist Vladimir Nabokov said that the best reader has a combination of two very different temperaments, the artistic and the scientific.

A good reader has an artist’s passion, a willingness to get caught up in the story, but just as importantly, the readers also needs the coolness of judgment of a scientist, which acts to temper and complicate the reader’s intuitive reactions to the story.

As we’ve seen, the men of the Essex had no trouble with the artistic part. They dreamed up a variety of horrifying scenarios. The problem was that they listened to the wrong story.

Of all the narratives their fears wrote, they responded only to the most lurid, the most vivid, the one that was easiest for their imaginations to picture: cannibals.

But perhaps if they’d been able to read their fears more like a scientist, with more coolness of judgment, they would have listened instead to the less violent but the more likely tale, the story of starvation, and headed for Tahiti, just as Melville’s sad commentary suggests.

10:21 And maybe if we all tried to read our fears, we too would be less often swayed by the most salacious among them. Maybe then we’d spend less time worrying about serial killers and plane crashes, and more time concerned with the subtler and slower disasters we face: the silent buildup of plaque in our arteries, the gradual changes in our climate.

Just as the most nuanced stories in literature are often the richest, so too might our subtlest fears be the truest. Read in the right way, our fears are an amazing gift of the imagination, a kind of everyday clairvoyance, a way of glimpsing what might be the future when there’s still time to influence how that future will play out.

Properly read, our fears can offer us something as precious as our favorite works of literature: a little wisdom, a bit of insight and a version of that most elusive thing — the truth.

Covering Syria through hunger and fear

Andrew Bossone shared this link.September 29 at 11:07am · 

The story of a brave journalist who has lost everything in Syria

For Karam al-Masri, AFP’s reporter, photographer and videojournalist in rebel-held Aleppo, the past five years have been a series of tragedies:
detention by the regime, and then the Islamic State group, the death of his parents in an air strike, the siege…
A few quotes of late “Zig” Zigler
You may first read Help enough people…
I copied a few quotes from Zig Zigler and his son Tom.
You have never really lived until you’ve done something for someone who can never repay you.
Fear has two meanings:
Photo: "Fear has two meanings. Forget everything and run or face everything and rise"-------- Tom Ziglar Join us and learn how FEAR could be your motto DREAM/VISION BOARD WORKSHOP PHILADELPHIA
Don’t let negative, toxic people rent space inside your head. Raise the rent and kick them out.
Photo: Don't let negative, toxic people rent space inside your head. Raise the rent and kick them out.
When you do more than you are paid for eventually you'll be paid for more than you do. The universal law say's we sow what we reap and we get what we give. I may not happen today but input will eventually equal output.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
more at Tom Ziglar
The universal law say’s we sow what we reap and we get what we give. And It may not happen today.
“How you see your future is much more important than what happened in your past.”- Zig Ziglar
Photo: "How you see your future is much more important than what happened in your past."- Zig Ziglar
Never put the key to your happiness in somebody else’s pocket.If someone give you the responsibility to make them happy, do them a favor and give it back to them.
Photo: Never put the key to your happiness in somebody else's pocket.</p><br /><br /><br />
<p>If someone give you the responsibility to make them happy, do them a favor and give it back to them.
Your life is a result of the choices you have made. If you don’t like your life, start making better choices.
Photo: Your life is a result of the choices you have made. If you don't like your life, start making better choices.
Success isn’t just about what you accomplish in life, it’s about what you inspire and help others to do.
Photo: Success isn't just about what you accomplish in life, it's about what you inspire and help others to do.</p><br /><br /><br />
<p>More at Phillip Hatfield Speaker/Author .  My good friend Phillip is dedicated to inspiring you to be all God created you to be.
We don’t grow when things are easy; we grow when we face challenges.
Photo: We don't grow when things are easy; we grow when we face challenges.
Never quit, if you stumble, get back up. What happened yesterday no longer matters.
You have the whole world in front of you. You have a purpose and you have a difference to make…. Get going.
Photo: Never quit, if you stumble, get back up. What happened yesterday no longer matters. You have the whole world in front of you. You have a purpose and you have a difference to make.... Get going.
Change requires you to break out of your old comfort and develop new habits.
New habits will give you new results but it all starts with baby steps beginning now.
Photo: Change requires you to break out of your old comfort and develop new habits. New habits will give you new results but it all starts with baby steps beginning now.  More at Motivation Live
You don’t need a reason to help people.Do something crazy today. Leave a huge tip. Write a note of appreciation. Hold a door for someone.Pay for the person behind you at the drive through. Let me know what happens.
Photo: You don't need a reason to help people.</p><br /><br /><br />
<p>Do something crazy today.  Leave a huge tip.  Write a note of appreciation.  Hold a door for someone.  Pay for the person behind you at the drive through.  Let me know what happens.
“You were born to win. But to be the winner you were born to be you have to plan to win, prepare to win and expect to win.”- Zig Ziglar
Photo: "You were born to win. But to be the winner you were born to be you have to plan to win, prepare to win and expect to win."- Zig Ziglar
Winners are not those who never fail but those who never quit.
Photo: Winners are not those who never fail but those who never quit.<br /><br /><br />
More at Tom Ziglar 
“Success is not measured by what you do compared to what others do, it is measured by what you do with the ability God gave you.”- Zig Ziglar
Photo: "Success is not measured by what you do compared to what others do, it is measured by what you do with the ability God gave you."- Zig Ziglar
What you feed your mind determines your appetite. Tom Ziglar
Photo: What you feed your mind determines your appetite. Tom Ziglar </p><br /><br />
<p>I was speaking at an event and when I said this quote a lady in the room blurted out "That's just like NASCAR!"  I had no idea what she meant so I asked how this quote was like NASCAR.</p><br /><br />
<p>What she said was profound:  "When your going around the race track at 185 mph your eyes have to look where you want to go.  If you look at the wall, you hit the wall."</p><br /><br />
<p>What a great picture of life!  What are your eyes focused on?
No matter how you feel…get up, dress up, show up and Never Give Up!Dad said this, “Logic will not change an emotion, but action will.” Zig ZiglarMy hope for you today and in 2014 is that you take action on the things you need to take action on even when you don’t feel like it.
Photo: No matter how you feel...get up, dress up, show up and Never Give Up!<br /><br /><br />
this will help  </p><br /><br />
<p>Dad said this, "Logic will not change an emotion, but action will."  Zig Ziglar  </p><br /><br />
<p>My hope for you today and in 2014 is that you take action on the things you need to take action on even when you don't feel like it.
Change is inevitable. Growth is optional.
Photo: Change is inevitable.  Growth is optional.
“You cannot tailor make your situation in life, but you can tailor make your attitudes to those situations.”- Zig Ziglar
Photo: "You cannot tailor make your situation in life, but you can tailor make your attitudes to those situations."- Zig Ziglar </p><br /><br />
<p>It is amazing how simple this concept is, but how hard it is to master.  Dad was the best at this I have ever seen.  One example is how he handled travel delays.  He flew 2 or 3 times a week for years and he encountered them all the time.  Instead of worrying or complaining or getting angry, he just preplanned his response!  In a positive and calm manner he would focus on what he could control.  An extra hour in a airport?  No problem!  Now he had an extra hour to write the next book, make those phone calls, etc.</p><br /><br />
<p>Next time you get "bad news" just do what Dad did.  Say "Fantstic!" and then put in place your back up plan you already had prepared.
Photo: Before I leave this evening night time  on this social media box I would going to give it a great message and quote that I got from Tom Ziglar ,right now I am going to give it a huge shot on this which is really worth reading with two simple statements Give it a try and re consider before you decided something B)
If it doesn’t challenge you, it won’t change you.
Photo: If it doesn't challenge you, it won't change you.<br /><br /><br />
more at Tom Ziglar
Photo: Speak in such a way that others love to listen to you. Listen in such a way that others love to speak to you.</p><br /><br />
<p>We get thousands of testimonials about Dad and how he impacted people.  It may surprise you to know that the common theme is how when people talked to him one-on-one they really felt like he really listened to them and that they were the only person in the room.  Dad was an amazing speaker, but an even better listener.
Photo: For every person with a spark of genius, there are many hundreds with ignition trouble.</p><br /><br />
<p>From my good friend and speaker coach Poll Moussoulides
Stop being afraid of what could go wrong and start being positive about what could go right.
Photo: Stop being afraid of what could go wrong and start being positive about what could go right.  More at Motivation Live
“People without hope won’t take action. If you want to help someone, give them hope.”-Tom Ziglar

Only six emotions? Anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and surprise…

These are Big abstract emotions that require plenty of examples and qualifying conditions to make sense of.

Actually, our basic emotions are banal: They are intrinsically linked to our feeling of lack of capacity in our body and mental functions, functions we take for granted.

Do you think the feeling of having our ear wax-shut, seeing double, nose stuffed, feeling hungry, thirsty, back pain, finger smashed, elbow knocked on the edge of a door, leg injury… are all interpreted the same way by the brain?

What kinds of emotions are generated when you are unable to smell anything or taste anything?

What kinds of emotions do you feel when you realize that your memories are failing you?

All these emotions are not the same because of the interrelations among 4 factors:

1. The brain does not interpret the same pain and frustration for all injuries and handicapping problems

2. The duration of the handicap such as permanent, short-term or medium term plays a critical role on the wide gamut of emotions we try to untangle. The effects linger and the events cannot be forgotten

3. The community in which we live exerts particular judgment on each kind of handicap

4. Our standard level of traditional life-style is affected, and the required changes are harder the higher the standard level.

Banal emotions of failure in what we used to take for granted.

Whatever other emotional terms are concocted  are abstract combination of several basic banal emotions.

Is happiness an emotion? Do we really can recall how we felt when our body was sane and fully functional?

Is happiness synonymous with contentment, pleasure, joy…?

Emotions are the experience of a difference of what we took for granted and the current condition that does not match our expectation.

Is feeling satisfied represents matched expectation in habits and customs?

If only 3 basic tastes generated a complex and versatile industry as cooking, and using thousands of condiments to mix in order to satisfy 3 basic tastes, can you imagine the varieties of emotions that the interrelations of the brain, community and personal life style can generate?

Anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and surprise? Are these the only major emotions we may experience?

Surprise? Happily surprised? sadly surprised? Angrily surprised?

Disgusted of what? the look, the taste, the smell…?

Fear of what? Death, injuries, failure, lack of money, lack of job opportunities?

Sad of what? Feeling lonely, unappreciated, cheated frequently, lack of companionship…?

How about we reduce the emotions to three?

Fear, anger and contentment?

The feeling of happiness, surprise, exalted instances and the Void are transient feelings: The next moment and the brain recaptures the 3 essential emotions that are lasing or permanent among mankind life.


For every emotion the computer will generate a range of sub-emotions related to the key one, kind of level grade of intensity and confusion…

I was inspired to develop on emotions after reading Seth Godin post “Millions of words and only six emotions”

Seth Godin posted on July 27, 2013

The intellectual part of the human mind can spin delightful or frightening stories, can compare features and benefits, can create narratives that compel us to take action.

But all of these words are merely costumes for the six emotions built deep in our primordial soup:

Anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and surprise.

Being angry at a driver who cuts you off in traffic is chemically similar to being angry to a relative who cuts you out of his will.

We tell ourselves different stories (the traffic story will probably not last nearly as long in the echoes of our consciousness as the bitterness of the bequest story, for example), but still, there are only six buttons being pressed.

Knowing that there are only a few keys on the keyboard doesn’t make it easier to write a pop hit or a great novel, but it’s a start.

In the case of someone with an idea to spread or a product to sell, knowing that you’ve only got six buttons might help focus your energy.

Note: Godin has been generous of providing only 6 key functions to push. Do think that reducing the emotions to three that the task is easier to handle? Try it.

Is religion still monopolizing our fears? What about technology? (December 14, 2008)

 By the time mankind got conscious of the ephemeral of life and that death is a certainty, religion and the notion of the sacred were created to cope with the consequences that resulted from that conscious fear, on the ground that otherwise, no security or peace could prevail within any organized society.

Religion might not have been invented right after we got conscious of our mortality, but necessarily when modern man realized his individuality and stopped producing mass hand tools for the tribe, and took special care for individual designs, specialty carved symbols on the tools, particular color combinations and drawing and painting that reflected feelings and awe toward the environment and the forces of nature.

Painting and sculpting and drawing symbols were the precursors for establishing language as a practical necessity, first verbally and then the written language. I believe that institutionalized religions grew after verbal communication was feasible, by means of languages to harangue communities against the other infidels. What we may discern is that cultural transformation is the byproduct of practical necessities.

                        Death is generally viewed as representing chaos and thus, life is to be a struggle to feed on death and restructuring a semblance of spiritual cohesion. Metaphysic, the precursor of religion, is but this longing to providing continuity between life and death so that our logical mind does not breakdown to smithereens, because sciences cannot provide definite and exact answers to everything.

Metaphysics must have been substantiated because many people experienced a few supernatural events and realized that what is being sensed is not the whole story.  Religion, as a conscious culture, utilized the metaphysical potentials in man to codify its system of beliefs and then codifying a system for daily behavior, rules, and regulations.

                        Unfortunately, what was necessary at a period was utilized necessarily to dominate other tribes that believed or adopted different totems or sacred rites.  This irreversible trend, that practical necessities generate cultures with necessary counter productive results to our evolution, is the foundation to our mental shortcomings to progress, ethically and morally.

                        Religion and science have the same roots in the conscious and, though they evolved with different methodologies, they adopted the same procedure for impacting on the mind:  First, they established consensus on a few premises; second, they struggled hard not to change their system of beliefs,  and third, they waited for a paradigm shift to transforming the traditional culture.  The revolution of Luther and Calvin against the concept of Papal infallibility left intact the core obscurantist culture, which views knowledge with suspicion, and specifically scientific knowledge, as the work of the devil.

In fact, Protestantism went as far as considering philosophy as compromising the human mind.

                        The fundamental revolution came when people realized that if the Pope is fallible,  religion is consequently fallible and the quest for answers to fill the void in knowledge was resurrected with sciences.  Hence, this frenzy in Europe, at about that period, to translating the Arabic manuscripts; the Arab scholars who had translated the Greek classical work and added much of their own.  The re-translation into Latin was the beginning of the Renaissance period in Europe.  Thus, the period of the Renaissance in Europe was a revolution against the failure of the Christian religion to satisfying the cultural transformation after the crusading campaigns and the affinity of the Arabic culture in Spain.

                        Most paradigm shifts could be classified as cultural transformations, but a few could be conceived as cultural evolution:  a qualitative jump in our knowledge of nature and man such as using symbols, verbal communications as a language, the written language, the concept that man and earth are not the center of the universe, that time is an intrinsic element of space such that no two events can be said to occur simultaneously, that man is not wholly master of his decisions, and that man is neither the crown of creation nor the peak of evolution.

                        Since nature does not provide a moral order to observe and emulate, then even all our power for abstraction cannot generate the concept of evil.  I believe that the notion of evil (read fear) is a culture inherited by osmosis to our subconscious by the uninterrupted religious culture that constituted the fundamental basis to organized communities through the millennia.  Sin is a concrete notion because it is associated with punishment and ostracism, but the notion of doing “good acts” remains relatively abstract and any remuneration is not immediate and not palpable.  That is why many religions tried to great extent to emphasize the reward of commendable actions in their teachings, but the institutions had to revert to admonitions and focus on the negative deeds because fear has a far more potent in effecting impact on the mind of the believers and the effects of fear are long-lasting.

                       The same process is taking place with technological breakthroughs.  While we experienced some of the benefits and the many harms of religion, we are at the beginning phase for experiencing the benefits and harms of technologies that we can invent and produce, but do not comprehend or grasp the consequences. We are traversing a dangerous period without adequate check and balance on the production of new inventions, and are tampering with human genome and agricultural and animal cloning: The consequences might be irreversible this time around on our survival.

                        We have created enough tools, processes, and know-how to invent all kind of products without the need of thorough theoretical foundations.  It is like a machine that invents new machines with what it already knows, and the vast array of tools it has in its arsenal so that theory is becoming an after thought because science requires a rational model.

Furthermore, experiments require abundance of time, financial and human resources that validation and testing on consequences to human health, safety and survival is dragging a long backlog that can never catch up with what is thrown in the market place.  For example, developed States have realized that a process for testing and validating the consequences of pharmaceutical products before marketing them was a must to safeguard health and safety of the consumers; but even that process was not adequate enough or ethically stringently applied when pharmaceutical new products were tested in the third world populations.

                        Technology is the new metaphysical ideology for defining youth:  You are as young as you can keep up with new updates.  How fast and how readily you can manipulate and use new gadgets is the main criterion for youthfulness, for keeping your membership in the new cult.  The technology cult means that you should have faith in what the market is providing you in updates and inventions, because ultimately, it is you who is testing, validating and selling the technology at your own risk.

Technology is basically a cultural revolution against abstract or theoretical works, whether in religion, metaphysics, or sciences, and its motto is “There is no good or evil in technology. Let us keep inventing and let the less expensive and quicker trial and error methods sort out what is beneficial to mankind.  Let youth, these flexible and adaptable mind, these spiritually and culturally ignorant spirits, and these energetically undaunted and bold souls, be our guinea pigs as they used to be historically”.   




March 2023

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