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Female In top tech industry in Mad Men era?

Dame Stephanie Shirley

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“You can always tell ambitious women by the shape of our heads. They’re flat on top from being patted patronizingly.”

In the 1960s, Stephanie Shirley founded a pioneering all-woman software company.|By Dame Stephanie Shirley

When I wrote my memoir, the publishers were really confused.

Was it about me as a child refugee, or as a woman who set up a high-tech software company back in the 1960s, one that went public and eventually employed over 8,500 people?

Or was it as a mother of an autistic child?

Or as a philanthropist that’s now given away serious money?

It turns out, I’m all of these. So let me tell you my story.

0:50 All that I am stems from when I got onto a train in Vienna, part of the Kindertransport that saved nearly 10,000 Jewish children from Nazi Europe.

I was 5 years old, clutching the hand of my 9-year-old sister and had very little idea as to what was going on. “What is England and why am I going there?”

I’m only alive because so long ago, I was helped by generous strangers. I was lucky, and doubly lucky to be later reunited with my birth parents.

But, sadly, I never bonded with them again. But I’ve done more in the seven decades since that miserable day when my mother put me on the train than I would ever have dreamed possible.

And I love England, my adopted country, with a passion that perhaps only someone who has lost their human rights can feel. I decided to make mine a life that was worth saving. And then, I just got on with it. 

Let me take you back to the early 1960s. To get past the gender issues of the time, I set up my own software house at one of the first such start-ups in Britain.

But it was also a company of women, a company for women, an early social business.

And people laughed at the very idea because software, at that time, was given away free with hardware. Nobody would buy software, certainly not from a woman.

Although women were then coming out of the universities with decent degrees, there was a glass ceiling to our progress. And I’d hit that glass ceiling too often, and I wanted opportunities for women.

I recruited professionally qualified women who’d left the industry on marriage, or when their first child was expected and structured them into a home-working organization.

We pioneered the concept of women going back into the workforce after a career break.

We pioneered all sorts of new, flexible work methods: job shares, profit-sharing, and eventually, co-ownership when I took a quarter of the company into the hands of the staff at no cost to anyone but me.

For years, I was the first woman this, or the only woman that. And in those days, I couldn’t work on the stock exchange, I couldn’t drive a bus or fly an airplane.

Indeed, I couldn’t open a bank account without my husband’s permission. My generation of women fought the battles for the right to work and the right for equal pay.

Nobody really expected much from people at work or in society because all the expectations then were about home and family responsibilities.

And I couldn’t really face that, so I started to challenge the conventions of the time, even to the extent of changing my name from “Stephanie” to “Steve” in my business development letters, so as to get through the door before anyone realized that he was a she.

My company, called Freelance Programmers, and that’s precisely what it was, couldn’t have started smaller: on the dining room table, and financed by the equivalent of 100 dollars in today’s terms, and financed by my labor and by borrowing against the house.

My interests were scientific, the market was commercial — things such as payroll, which I found rather boring. So I had to compromise with operational research work, which had the intellectual challenge that interested me and the commercial value that was valued by the clients: things like scheduling freight trains, time-tabling buses, stock control, lots and lots of stock control.

And eventually, the work came in. We disguised the domestic and part-time nature of the staff by offering fixed prices, one of the very first to do so.

And who would have guessed that the programming of the black box flight recorder of Supersonic Concord would have been done by a bunch of women working in their own homes.

All we used was a simple “trust the staff” approach and a simple telephone. We even used to ask job applicants, “Do you have access to a telephone?”

An early project was to develop software standards on management control protocols. And software was and still is a maddeningly hard-to-control activity, so that was enormously valuable.

We used the standards ourselves, we were even paid to update them over the years, and eventually, they were adopted by NATO.

Our programmers — remember, only women, including gay and transgender worked with pencil and paper to develop flowcharts defining each task to be done.

And they then wrote code, usually machine code, sometimes binary code, which was then sent by mail to a data center to be punched onto paper tape or card and then re-punched, in order to verify it. All this, before it ever got near a computer. That was programming in the early 1960s.

In 1975, 13 years from startup, equal opportunity legislation came in in Britain and that made it illegal to have our pro-female policies. And as an example of unintended consequences, my female company had to let the men in. (Laughter)

When I started my company of women, the men said, “How interesting, because it only works because it’s small.

And later, as it became sizable, they accepted, “Yes, it is sizable now, but of no strategic interest.”

And later, when it was a company valued at over 3 billion dollars, and I’d made 70 of the staff into millionaires, they sort of said, “Well done, Steve!” (Laughter)

8:52 You can always tell ambitious women by the shape of our heads: They’re flat on top for being patted patronizingly.  And we have larger feet to stand away from the kitchen sink. (Laughter)

Let me share with you two secrets of success:

  1. Surround yourself with first-class people and people that you like; and
  2. choose your partner very, very carefully. Because the other day when I said, “My husband’s an angel,” a woman complained — “You’re lucky,” she said, “mine’s still alive.” (Laughter)

If success were easy, we’d all be millionaires. But in my case, it came in the midst of family trauma and indeed, crisis. Our late son, Giles, was an only child, a beautiful, contented baby.

And then, at two and a half, like a changeling in a fairy story, he lost the little speech that he had and turned into a wild, unmanageable toddler. Not the terrible twos; he was profoundly autistic and he never spoke again.

Giles was the first resident in the first house of the first charity that I set up to pioneer services for autism. And then there’s been a groundbreaking Prior’s Court school for pupils with autism and a medical research charity, again, all for autism. Because whenever I found a gap in services, I tried to help.

I like doing new things and making new things happen. And I’ve just started a three-year think tank for autism.

And so that some of my wealth does go back to the industry from which it stems, I’ve also founded the Oxford Internet Institute and other IT ventures. The Oxford Internet Institute focuses not on the technology, but on the social, economic, legal and ethical issues of the Internet.

Giles died unexpectedly 17 years ago now. And I have learned to live without him, and I have learned to live without his need of me.

Philanthropy is all that I do now. I need never worry about getting lost because several charities would quickly come and find me. (Laughter)

It’s one thing to have an idea for an enterprise, but as many people in this room will know, making it happen is a very difficult thing and it demands extraordinary energy, self-belief and determination, the courage to risk family and home, and a 24/7 commitment that borders on the obsessive.

So it’s just as well that I’m a workaholic. I believe in the beauty of work when we do it properly and in humility. Work is not just something I do when I’d rather be doing something else.

12:56 We live our lives forward. So what has all that taught me?

I learned that tomorrow’s never going to be like today, and certainly nothing like yesterday. And that made me able to cope with change, indeed, eventually to welcome change, though I’m told I’m still very difficult.

Types of Misogyny in gender preferences (February 10, 2009)


            I realized in a few of my articles that I have been stating “maybe societies should start to accept the fact that the majority of people of both genders are unable to taking the drastic decision and making the serious effort to comprehend the other sex: They prefer the community of their own gender”. 

I was referring to social preferences of same sex relationship among genders as fundamentally a position or a statement that heterosexuality is temporary in its long term nature. As proof, kids, middle aged, and older people gather around same sex friends and acquaintances for relaxation and for having “good times”.  Family seclusions are anathema to the spirit of freedom.


There are many books and movies of the genre “She said, he said” or “Males are from Mars and females from Venus”; they make us laugh simply because they exhibit the foibles and limitations of the other sex.  Many authors have claimed that marriage institution was forced upon societies for procreation purposes and caring for offspring.  The marriage institution was linked to the benediction of an Almighty in order to sustain the family structure that proved to be the most effective unit for social stability and cohesion.

Many authors tried to explain the “other sex” and Simone de Bauvoir was no exception.  Quickly, the story turns to historical accounts on Patriarchal and Matriarchal structures of societies.  We learn in no time that the whole exercise is a power struggle between genders.  What else it could be?  Power offer choices; among the choices is freedom to assemble and associate; among the choices is discovering varieties in pleasure, story telling, and themes for discussions and excuses to fight and shout and form enemies.


In adolescence, curiosity, social restrictions, and natural biological demands steer youth to discovering the “other” unknown.  At such an early age, not many of us have the pre-requisite social and conversational skills to communicate with the other sex.  It is basically a matter of trial and error techniques, offered opinions of same sex “supposed” comprehension of the psychology and behavior of the other sex. 

This period of finding out can lengthen the period of frustration for our lack of comprehension and our obstinacy to discover what we undertook.  Quick weddings and close co-habitation present an ideal setting for definite position on social gender preferences. The “heterosexuals” who manage to agree with a family life are mostly those who had frustrating early experience with their same sex companions.


I am still finding my way.  One thing I know from experience; women in position of power are the worst and greatest discriminators; women in power are ruthless and unforgiving and their decisions are generally based on “intuition”, hunches, spite, and presumptions.  Traditions are founded on harsh experiences.

French women (January 19, 2009)

France is expected to become the most populous country in Europe within 50 years: 

1. France has currently the highest rate of procreation in Europe. 

2. The Sate is investing lavishly on “crèches” (kindergarten) so that 50% of mothers can work full-time. In fact, a mother of two can expect to earn $600 as family support;

3. Not a single political party even suggested that cuts on budget should affect family support.

Over 85% of French women in the age range of 50-59 have sexual intercourse compared to 65% of the Anglo counterparts (Brits and USA)

75% of the French women in the age range of 60-69 still indulge in intercourse; compared to the Anglo counterpart rate of 45%. 

In general, mature French women do not select men in order to have a lasting relationship. The motto is “It changes your life to be viewed as a woman”.   The corresponding Anglo-Saxon women have a description of a mature male “Try finding a woman over 50 on the internet.  They all want a retired gentleman worth over $100,000 per year, willing to tour the world, be athletic, a dance loving partner, loves crazily their pets, and has no one in charge of.

24 out of 30 school kids in Paris are of divorced couples. 

French actresses over 60 can expect to be offered a leading role, and not at all the roles of an old decrepit and complaining woman. 

Very matured public figure women flaunt their new acquired young beaux; they raise children without feeling the obligation to be officially wed.

Why French women consider elegance in attire, even at advanced age, as a national doctrine

The French/British actress Charlotte Rampling said it clearly

“It is the French men who render their French females beautiful and desirable”  There have been a lot more complicity between French males and females than in other cultures that set French women apart. 

Feminism in France raised the motto “Women want the power to seduce and be entitled to be seduced.  We are never going to have war of sexes in France.”




June 2023

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