Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘genocide on Armenians

How the Young Turks committed genocide on Armenians

Turkification of the historic city names in Armenian Highland, Anatolia and Cilicia.

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Hratch Kozibeyokian added 2 new photos.

The Committee of Union and Progress took the reins of the Ottoman government through a coup d’état in 1913.

At the height of World War I and during the final years of the Ottoman Empire, when the ethnic cleansing policies of non-Muslim Greek, Armenian, and Assyrians were underway, Minister of War Enver Pasha issued an edict (ferman) on October 6, 1916, declaring: 

“It has been decided that provinces, districts, towns, villages, mountains, and rivers, which are named in languages belonging to non-Muslim nations such as Armenian, Greek or Bulgarian, will be renamed into Turkish. In order to benefit from this suitable moment, this aim should be achieved in due course.”

General Directorate of State Archives of the Republic of Turkey, İstanbul Vilayet Mektupçuluğu, no. 000955, 23 Kânunuevvel 1331 (October 6, 1916) Ordinance of Enver Paşa.

Enver Pasha did not change the geographical names belonging to Muslim minorities (i.e. Arabs and Kurds) due to the Ottoman government’s role as a Caliphate. His decree inspired many Turkish intellectuals to write in support of such measures.

One such intellectual, Hüseyin Avni Alparslan (1877–1921), a Turkish soldier and author of books about Turkish language and culture, was inspired by the efforts of Enver Pasha, writing in his book Trabzon İli Lâz mı? Türk mü? (Is the Trabzon province Laz or Turkish?): 

“If we want to be the owner of our country, then we should turn even the name of the smallest village into Turkish and not leave its Armenian, Greek or Arabic variants.
Only in this way can we paint our country with its colors.” Turkified”–Enver Pasha.

Map prepared by Historian Gevork Nazaryan

Armin Wegner was born in 1886 to an aristocratic Prussian family. He enlisted in the German Army during World War I and served as a medic. Stationed in Baghdad in 1915, Wegner witnessed the death marches of thousands of Armenians who were being deported and slaughtered by the Ottoman Army.

Disobeying direct orders to keep quiet about the massacres because Germany and the Ottoman Empire were allies, Wegner gathered evidence to show the world what was happening. He collected documents and took hundreds of photographs.

Wegner was arrested by the Germans and sent back to Germany. Many of his photographs were confiscated and destroyed, but he managed to save some by hiding the negatives in his belt. Wegner’s photographs remain the best documentation of the Armenian genocide.

After the war, Wegner became a successful journalist and prominent anti-war activist.

In the early 1930’s, Wegner was the only writer to speak out publicly against Hitler’s persecution of the Jews.

He penned an open letter to Adolf Hitler on behalf of the Jews of Germany.

No newspaper would publish it, so he sent the letter directly to Nazi Party headquarters. In the letter, Wegner said that Hitler’s actions against the Jews would destroy Germany.

Soon after sending the letter to Hitler, Wegner was arrested by the Gestapo, tortured, and imprisoned in several concentration camps.

He survived and fled to Rome, never returning to Germany.

In 1967 Wegner was honored as Righteous Among the Nations by Israel’s museum of the Holocaust, Yad Vashem. (Armenians need to find “Righteous Among the Syrians” who made it possible for Armenians to survive after welcoming them in Aleppo and Deir al Zour after their horror journey in 1917-18)

A year later, he was invited to Armenia to receive an award for his heroism.

Armin Wegner died in 1978, at the age of 91, and is buried in Rome. The inscription on his tombstone quotes the dying words of Pope Gregory VII in 1085:

“I loved justice and hated iniquity. Therefore I die in exile”
http://www.armenian-genocide.org/photo_wegner.html

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Armenian Highlands Have Never Been Called “Eastern Anatolia”

The government of Sultan Abdul Hamid II replaced the name “Armenia” by terms like “Kurdistan” and “Anatolia”.

(The Kurds were employed to guard the Armenian  prisoners on their death journey to Syria. The Kurds were rewarded by looting and confiscating Armenian properties)

Since 1880, the use of the name of Armenia in official documents was forbidden. The Sublime Porte thus attempted to convince everyone that there is no such thing as the “Armenian Question” – no Armenia, no issues related to it.

The Kemalists, ideological successors of Young Turks, carried on with the process of the “nationalization”. It gained momentum especially in the republican years.

In 1923, the whole territory of Western Armenia was renamed Eastern Anatolia.

In his “Jihan Numa”, renowned 17th-century Ottoman scholar, historian, and geographer Kâtip Çelebi wrote a chapter named “About the Country Called Armenia”.

However, when the book was republished in 1957, its editor, one H. Selen, renamed the chapter “Eastern Anatolia”. This case is only one of the hundreds of others, clearly demonstrating the Turkish falsifications in regard to Armenians’ indigenous to Western Armenia, not to mention the rest of historical Armenia.

In the 17th century, when the “Armenian Question” hadn’t yet emerged, the term “Eastern Anatolia” did not exist. Additionally, the 16th-century “Islamic World Map”, as well as 18th- and 19th-century Ottoman maps featured Armenia as a distinct territory with its cities.

Article source: http://allinnet.info/…/armenian-highlands-have-never-been-…/

 

Notes and tidbits posted on FB and Twitter. Part 106

Note 1: I take notes of books I read and comment on events and edit sentences that fit my style. The page is long and growing like crazy, and the sections I post contains months-old events that are worth refreshing your memory.

Not talking in general. Meaning, Silent majorities who, right or wrong, follow tribal leaders. As in current “democratic” system with biased electoral laws and no checks on money circulating to buy the conscious.

The Turks could not carry out to the end the genocide on Armenians. They relied on the Kurds to commit the massacres and all the dirty works. and guarding the hordes of refugees. The Kurds looted, confiscated properties and lands. Now they want independence. To carry out what, again?

Armenians are Not allowed to hate the Syrians who sheltered them, after their long journeys from Turkey, in Aleppo, Deir-Zour and northern Syria.  Their descendants do live thanks to the Syrian people.

Melancholic Al Raqqa was doomed to wait for impotent USA “allies” to liberate them from ISIS: The city was totally destroyed as in Germany Dresden in WWII

Al Raqqa al 7azinat badha sha3b, wa jaysh wa zelm ta tet7arar. Amrica, al aktar 7oznan, ba3d ma karraret when and how to liberate Al Raqqa

The less intake, the better. The more excreta (bowel movement) the better. Wa al salam 3ala “better”

USA has to desist antagonizing China over North Korea. It is far too late to intimidate Mighty China.

It is Not fair and just to condemn people of less than 25 year-old with prison terms, as being responsible of behaviors of people in their 50’s.

North Korea “family leaders’ as straw figures of a monarchic communist system. As many democratic systems maintained a constitutional monarchy.

Sidi-Okba, un des compagnons de Mohammad, detruisit la capital des Berberes Tadmekka en Afrique du north and construisit Es-Souk sur ses ruines

Waiting for perfect means not starting. Better do and fail and restart.

The elite classes trickled down money to the poorer classes, but abundantly inflate God to them.

Une vie a toute vitesse: ils jouent affames, grandissent illetres, enfantes habilles, et meurent silencieusement. Personne ne s’ interesse a leur sort.

Ayya sharaf an7ass? ye zaltouk wa ye 3azbouk, yamma echarpe marra enzaa7?

In responses to referendums in Catalonia and Barazani tribe Kurdistan: First demand referendums to changing constitution to alternative political systems.

Bashar of Syria has to answer for targeting the civilians with explosive barrels from 2011-14 in order to punish them for their rebellion and cow them into submission.

Bashar’s cronies of Syria let the extremist factions flourish to exact more humiliation and indignities on insurgent civilians from 2011 to 2014.

Ce n’est pas comme vous croyez. Le peuple dans les “zones des insurges” n’est pas uni. Les habitants des villages chassent les leurs

Le bombardement continuel avaient transformes la crise en une guerre de religion dans les esprits des combattant sunnites. Les extremistes Wahhabits en profiterent en toutes azimuts.

 

“I have to tell wife Anzi of my extermination mission…”

Note 1: The French author Jean-Claude Belfiore is from an Armenian mother and a Sicilian father. He had published “Hannibal: An unbelievable destiny“.

His second book that I reviewed in two parts was “I committed genocide on Armenians…” Diaries of a Turkish Captain.

He did his best to fool the reader that the book is a genuine diary from an actual Turkish officer.

The cover features an old picture of a Turkish officer, and throughout the book the author made sure to give the impression that the story was extracted from a diary, with attached clips of old Turkish dailies.

This style angered me and the author replied to my review.

Note 1: Sunni Kurds in the outback Turkey (195-18) were hired to do the ugly killing and ransacking of villages and guarding the prisoners.

Note 2: Here is the reply JeanClaude BELFIORE to my review.

New comment on your post “”I committed genocide on Armenians…” Diaries of a Turkish Captain. Part 1″
Author : JeanClaude BELFIORE (IP: 141.0.8.139 , s09-13.opera-mini.net)
E-mail : jc.belfiore@gmail.com
URL    : http://belfiore.fr/jeanclaude/
Whois  : http://whois.arin.net/rest/ip/141.0.8.139
Comment:

Merci pour cette mise au point. Dans la publication d’un livre,  il y a des contraintes éditoriales que, peut-être, vous ignorez et sur lesquelles il serait trop long de revenir.

Mais rappelez-vous une chose: un texte publié, quel qu’il soit (un journal?), est différent du texte qu’on garde chez soi dans un tiroir.

Encore une fois, le “journal” est un genre littéraire à part entière, comme le récit, comme le théâtre: il a ses lois – des lois qui sont différentes de celles du journal qu’on tient à la maison.

Il ne faut pas essayer de comparer les deux. Le premier n’est pas moins sincère que le second. – Et c’est parce que le massacre des Arméniens est sérieux que j’ai choisi un Turc pour le raconter.

Autre chose.
Je préfère la traduction “I killed Armenians” (part II) plutôt que “I committed genocide”, qui est anachronique. Le mot “genocide” est apparu en 1944.
Merci de l’intérêt que vous portez à ce livre.
JeanClaude Belfiore


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July 2020
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