Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Hezbollah

They are exhausting: Legitimate, Temporary, and Necessary. And all are faked terms

Note: Re-edit of “Legitimate, Temporary, and Necessary. June 5, 2009″

It is the temporary term that is the most frustrating: it means for ever.

And basically, nothing was legitimate since the “independence” of this pseudo-State in 1943.

 On June 7, 2009, the Lebanese will vote for a new Parliament.

Two groups of citizens will vote; the group constituted of the patriotic, secular, and reformists and the group of an amalgam of confessionals, feudalists, isolationists, statue quo,  and “colonial minded” mentalities.

The “colonial minded” citizens follow leaders who invariably rely on foreign interventions to balance a broken alliance among confessional castes system and perpetrate the conditions for weak central governments.

A brief current history might elucidate this drastic splitting among the Lebanese citizens. I

n May 24, 2000, Ehud Barak PM of Israel withdrew from most of south Lebanon with no preconditions, the first ever in Israel 61 years history of colonial implantation in our midst.

The joint strategy of Lebanon President Lahoud and Bashar Assad of Syria enabled Hezbollah a resounding victory.

The Arab League decided to hold its annual meeting in Beirut in August 2002 as a good gesture for its acknowledgment of the victory in 2000 of this tiny State.

In 2003, Syria had plans for partial withdrawal to the Bekaa Valley but the vehement rhetoric from the Druze leader Walid Jumblatt and the Patriarch of the Maronite Christian sect slowed down the execution process.

Before the assassination of late Rafic Hariri in February 14, 2005 the Bush Jr. Administration and Jacque Chirac of France issued the UN resolution 1559 for the retreat of the Syrian forces from Lebanon and the dismantling of Hezbollah’s military wing and the return of its heavy armament.

The withdrawal of the Syrian troops was not the main objective because the international community and the main “Arabic” States wanted and kept high hopes that Syria will ultimately be pressured to do the dirty work of taming Hezbollah.

The Syrian government factored in many variables to oppose the frequent lures and pressures of what is expected of her to do in order to remain in Lebanon.

The targeting Rafic Hariri for assassination by the US, France, Saudi Arabia, and mainly Israel was not one of the variables considered and Syria strategy was shaken violently.

In fact, Rafic Hariri received so many encouragements and acted in such confidence that the Syrian government forgot to contemplate such an evil and drastic eventuality by foreign colonial powers.

The mass demonstration on February 14 was not a threat to Syria; General Aoun was still in exile in France and was pressured by the French government Not to return to Lebanon.

What Syria comprehended the loudest was the mass demonstration by Hezbollah on March 8, 2005.  Hezbollah thanked Syria for its sacrifices, which meant “Now it is time for your complete withdrawal

Hezbollah was always nervous of the Syrian presence in Lebanon because it was the only power capable of restraining its activities.

Hezbollah was sending the message to Bashar Assad “We can take care of ourselves and still continue the resistance against Israel if you definitely put an end to the international pressures for getting out of Lebanon”

The mass demonstration in March 14, fortified by the supporters of General Aoun (The Tayyar Horr), was not even a threat to Syria.  It was the realization of Syria that its continued presence in Lebanon will ultimately confront its army directly as the Lebanese government lost control over events and cowered under uncertainties.

Syria withdrew quickly to the frustration of the US and France who realized that they wasted Hariri for naught: Hariri could still be of great benefit to their policies in the Middle East region alive rather than dead.

The International Community, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia had to fall back to plan B: rekindling the civil war in Lebanon.  They initiated a series of bombing in Christian quarters hoping that the Christian will side en mass with the Sunni/Hariri clan.  Plan B petered.

Israel/Saudi Kingdom came back with more vigorous scare tactics by assassinating Christian personalities.  Samir Kassir, George Hawi, and Jubran Tweiny were marked as potentially Not reliable allies and could shift sides because they were independent minded and honest characters.

This wave of select assassination backfired because General Aoun signed a pact with Hezbollah and de-activated a potential civil war targeting the Christians.

Plan C also failed and civil war did not flare out.

Thus, direct intervention from outside was considered and Israel trained its forces for incursion into Lebanon with the US total aids and support in all phases.

Hezbollah, intentionally or by coincidence, preempted the completion of the plan in June 12, 2006.  Israel launched its offensive for 33 days and failed miserably in all the goals.  The attack backfired and the stature of Hezbollah ballooned and overflowed to all the Arab and Muslim populations.

The International Community, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia did not desist.

Plan D was to re-enforce the Sunnis with a military wing of extremist salafists called “Jund Al Sham” and financed by Bandar Bib Sultan of Saudi Arabia.

In the summer of 2007, a few ignorant and violent Sunni extremists preempted the timing by slaughtering Lebanese soldiers; the army pride and dignity reacted with an all out attack and crushed this insurrection in Nahr Al Bared Palestinian camp after many months and many martyrs.

The International Community, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia studied for two years to dismantle Hezbollah secured communication lines and to start a mini civil war in Beirut between the Shia and Sunnis.

Plan E backfired again on May 8, 2008 as Hezbollah occupied all the Israeli secret intelligence centers in Beirut, as well as the quarters of the so-called security organizations.

The Lebanese leaders had to meet in Dawha and agree on the election of a President to the Republic, an election law for Parliament, and the constitution of a national government.

Lebanon has suffered for 4 years of an incompetent and illegitimate government; the Lebanese lived in a totally insecure political vacuum; the economy was farmed out to the size of the Hariri clan and the financial debt skyrocketed to $60 billions.

This “political” debt is intended to pressure the Lebanese government into accepting the settling of the 400,000 Palestinian refugees in Lebanon in return for debt cancellation.

We need to compare 4 categories of leaders along the two dimensions of principled leaders and pragmatists.

In the dimension of principled leaders we can discriminate the hate monger isolationist leaders versus the principled for the public and State good.

In the pragmatic dimension we have the individual interest oriented and the public/State pragmatists.

For example: Walid Jumblatt, Marwan Hamadeh, Amine Gemayel, Samir Geagea, and the Patriarch of the Christian Maronite sect can be categorized in the isolationist, confessional, and personal minded leaders.

Ex-President Emile Lahoud, General Michel Aoun, Hassan Nasrallah and the ancient secular parties (Communists and Syria National Social Party) could be classified as the principled and public/State object oriented pragmatists.

The classification of the remainder of the semi-leaders I leave it to the readers as exercises.

The Mufti of Beirut is a non entity: he is the bugle of Saad Hariri.  Saad Hariri is a non entity: he re-edited the slogan of the chairman of General Motors to say “What is good for the Saudi Monarchs is good for Lebanon”.  General Motors has declared bankruptcy; the Hariri/Seniora clan will declare bankruptcy on June 8, 2009.

With the exception of General Aoun who refused any kind of occupations, all leaders welcomed the mandate of Syria for 20 years; they kept repeating the mantra “The presence of Syria in Lebanon is “Legitimate, Temporary, and Necessary”.

Marwan Hamadeh and all the actual ministers were the ones repeating this mantra to the nauseating public for 20 years.

The Maronite Patriarch Sfeir was against the Syrian presence but was pretty cool regarding Israel’s occupation.

The members of the Seniora PM government did not voice out their refusal of Israel’s occupation of part of south Lebanon and constantly conspired to weaken the resistance forces against the Israeli occupiers on the basis that only international diplomacy can pressure Israel!

Only President Lahoud stood steadfast with Hezbollah and refused to deploy the army in areas of the resistance’s operations.

Thanks to Hassan Nasrallah and President Lahoud Lebanon managed to secure its integrity and unify its army.  Thanks to Hassan Nasr Allah and General Michel Aoun Lebanon buried any likelihood for the resurgence of a civil war.

My spirit went to statesman General Aoun who said once the Syrian troops crossed the borders “Syria is now out of Lebanon.  I have no qualms with Syria anymore. This is the time to open a new page in our relations”.

This position stands in contrast to those who begged Syria for crumbs and privileges for 20 years and once Syria withdrew they refrained from normalizing relations with Syria; the fictitious excuses to antagonize Syria were dictated by Saudi Arabia and Egypt.  What kind of state leadership is that?

The election results of June 7, 2009 should fortify Lebanon as a Nation and project the image of a solid central government with serious reforms and changes to the archaic political system.

That are my wishes but I know the struggle will be long and protracted.  Sweet revolutions need time to mature in this diversified Lebanon.

Note: All parliament elections in Lebanon bring in sectarian and feudal candidate. In 2020, Lebanese were left with a totally bankrupt State economically and financially. We are to suffer many years of “famine” conditions and no realistic hope in the future for any change or economic development.

American professor proposes that Israel “flatten Beirut”? Why?

And how Israel is planning to “flatten Beirut”?

This current one million-person city has been previously decimated and flattened through several earthquakes and pandemics

Note: Re-edit “Amitai Etzioni, who teaches at renowned universities, says Israel may have no choice but to destroy Lebanon — again February 22, 2016″

A prominent American scholar who teaches international relations at George Washington University, and who has taught at a variety of prestigious U.S. universities, including Columbia, Harvard and Berkeley, has publicly proposed that Israel “flatten Beirut” — a city with around 1 million people — in order to destroy the missiles of Lebanon-based militant group Hezbollah.

Professor Amitai Etzioni served as a senior advisor in President Jimmy Carter’s administration — made this proposal in an op-ed in Haaretz, the leading English-language Israeli newspaper, known as “The New York Times of Israel.” Haaretz represents the liberal wing of Israel’s increasingly far-right politics.

Etzioni’s op-ed was first published on Feb. 15 with the headline “Can Israel Obliterate Hezbollah’s Growing Missile Threat Without Massive Civilian Casualties?” (the answer he suggests in response to this question is “likely no”).

The rubble of Beirut’s southern suburbs (Dahiyat Janoubiyat) in August 2006, after Israel’s war in Lebanon, which destroyed tens of thousands of homes (Credit: Reuters/Jamal Saidi). It also look as Gaza under the ruin.

“Should Israel Flatten Beirut to Destroy Hezbollah’s Missiles?” was the next, much more blunt title, chosen sometime on or before Feb. 16.

As of Feb. 18, the headline is “Should Israel Consider Using Devastating Weapons Against Hezbollah Missiles?”

Etzioni served in the Haganah — the terrorist army that formed Israel after violently expelling three-quarters of the indigenous Palestinian population — from 1946 to 1948, and then served in the Israeli military from 1948 to 1950. He mentions his military service in both the article and his bio.

(Question: If a Palestinian or an “Arab” was discovered to have joined any military group, would he be teaching in the USA)

In the piece, Etzioni cites an anonymous Israeli official who estimates that Hezbollah has 100,000 missiles in Lebanon. In January, the U.S. government put that figure at 80,000 rockets.

The anonymous official also says the Israeli government considers these weapons to be its second greatest security threat — after Iran. (Actually, Israel repeatedly claimed that Hezbollah is the first and foremost threat to Israel existence)

Etzioni cites Israel’s chief of staff, who claims that most of Hezbollah’s missiles are in private homes.

Whether this allegation is true is questionable. Israel frequently accuses militant groups of hiding weapons in civilian areas in order to justify its attacks.

On numerous occasions, it has been proven that there were no weapons in the civilian areas Israel bombed in Gaza.

Assuming it is true, Etzioni argues, if Israeli soldiers were to try to take the missiles out of these homes one at a time, it “would very likely result in many Israeli casualties.” (Why am I still reading this stupid article?)

In order to avoid Israeli casualties, Etzioni writes: “I asked two American military officers what other options Israel has. They both pointed to Fuel-Air Explosives (FAE). These are bombs that disperse an aerosol cloud of fuel which is ignited by a detonator, producing massive explosions. (What? They want to destroy Beirut or burn 1 million Lebanese citizens?)

The resulting rapidly expanding wave flattens all buildings within a considerable range.”

“Such weapons obviously would be used only after the population was given a chance to evacuate the area. (Really? Like in Gaza, where people were supposed to flee to?)

Still, as we saw in Gaza, there are going to be civilian casualties,” Etzioni adds. “The time to raise this issue is long before Israel may be forced to use FAEs.” (As people in Gaza were given 5 minutes to vacate an area and succumb to the shrapnel?)

Etzioni concludes his piece implies Israel has no other option but to bomb the city of Beirut.

“In this way, one hopes, that there will be a greater understanding, if not outright acceptance, of the use of these powerful weapons, given that nothing else will do,” he resumes his foolish racist idiosyncrasy. (How about desist from the preemptive wars strategies and abide by UN resolutions?)

Belén Fernández, an author and contributing editor at Jacobin magazine, published a piece in TeleSur responding to Etzioini’s op-ed, titled “No, Israel Should Not Flatten Beirut.” Fernández points out “that Israel has already flattened large sections of Lebanon, in Beirut and beyond.”

She recalls visiting a young man in a south Lebanon village near the Israeli border who “described the pain in 2006 of encountering detached heads and other body parts belonging to former neighbors, blasted apart by bombs or crushed in collapsed homes.”

A day before the agreed upon cease fire, upon the urging of Israel to US to work on it, Israel flattened 5-block radius in Beirut.

And Blair PM of England dispatched 1.5 million cluster bombs to spread in South Lebanon. Thousands of Lebanese have died or injured due to these illegal bombs.

Note 1: Beirut was destroyed by 2 major earthquakes in 550 and 560. The first earthquake destroyed Beirut and the second set fire on the city. Between 150 and 250, Beirut was the Central Jurisprudence  of Rome and 5 eminent jurists set the laws for the Roman Empire.

Beirut and Lebanon was shaken with an earthquake in 1958. I was in boarding school and the adults carried out the sleeping children to the outside yard. For an entire decade, Lebanese had to pay the additional “Earthquake Tax”

Note 2: Lebanese journalists and activists have expressed outrage at the article.

Kareem Chehayeb, a Lebanese journalist and founder and editor of the website Beirut Syndrome, said in response to the piece “Should Israel kill me, my family, and over a million other people to destroy Hezbollah’s missiles? How about that for a headline?”

Chehayeb told Salon Etzioni’s argument is “absolutely absurd” and reeks of hypocrisy.

“If some writer said the only way to solve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is just to bomb Israel,” he said, “people would go up in arms about it.”

“I’m just speechless. It sounds ISIS-like, just eradicating an entire community of people,” Chehayeb added.

Salon called Etzioni’s office at George Washington University’s Institute for Communitarian Policy Studies several times with a request for comment, but no one answered.

After this article was published, Etzioni emailed Salon a statement. “I agree with you that any suggestion to bomb or ‘flatten’ Beirut (or any other city) would be beyond horrible and outrageous,” he said. He said Haaretz had changed and then later corrected his headline.

“Ethics aside — Beirut is not where the missiles are housed,” Etzioni added. “The issue though stands how is a nation to respond if another nation or non-state actor rains thousands of missiles on its civilian population?”

Salon also reached out to the university.

Jason Shevrin, a spokesperson, told Salon “the George Washington University is committed to academic freedom and encourages efforts to foster an environment welcoming to many different viewpoints. Dr. Etzioni is a faculty member who is expressing his personal views.” The spokesperson did not comment any further.

Etzioni is by no means an unknown scholar. He notes on his George Washington University faculty page that, in 2001, he was among the 100 most-cited American intellectuals. He has also served as the president of the American Sociological Association.

Note: Hezbollah General Secretary, Hassan Nasr Allah, replied: All we need is launch a couple of small-range missiles on the Ammonium plant in Haifa. The conflagration is as powerful as an atomic bomb.

Lebanon trying to shed its militia/mafia Big Rodents from power

Note 1: Re-edit of “Aoun-Phobia versus Aoun-Idolatry”

Note 2: I received this e-mail in French and decided to translate it, and repost it, within context and clarify a few issues.

First, a few clarifications in context:

General Michel Aoun was ousted as Prime Minister in 1989 by the Syrian forces with a US green light.  Aoun became a political refugee in France till 2005 until late Rafic Hariri PM was assassinated.

As the Syrians troops were getting ready to leave Lebanon in 2005, Aoun was getting ready to return to Lebanon.  France did its best to discourage Aoun to return to Lebanon at the urge and strong pressures from all political parties in Lebanon, mostly the sectarian and feudal parties, that felt that Aoun might take center stage with Lebanese anxious of Syria withdrawal.

As Aoun landed he proclaimed: “Now that the Syrian army is out of Lebanon then I no longer has any qualms with Syria”  

All political parties refrained from allying with the Tayyar of Aoun during the Parliamentary election of 2005, both the March 8 and the March 14 alliances, respectively with the US or Syria interference in Lebanon.

And yet, Aoun’s party won hands down the election with a landslide majority of the Christian voters.

Now the e-mail.

“The current principal Lebanese cleavage seems to be between what separate the two political groups: Aoun-Phobia (or March 14 political alliances) versus Aoun-Idolatry (or March 8 alliances).

(That was before Aoun allied with Hezbollah in order to break this separation among the religious sects, specifically between the Sunni and Shia that Israel/USA has been inflaming for decades)

You are under the impression that we got over the old quarrels between Arabists and Phoenicians origins of the Lebanese; that we got over pro Bush Junior or Bashar Assad of Syria, and that March 8 or 14 alliances are old and insipid tales.

All the fracturing lines are AounDeluvian. (Especially when Aoun was elected President of the Republic in 2017 and currently when all the Big mafia/militia Rodents are out of the government after the mass upheaval in October 17 2019)

You can no longer sit for dinner without Aoun-Phobia group Aoun-Lambasts  Aoun-Idolaters.  The evening is thus ruined for the rare Aoun-Neutrals

The worst part is that the actual staunchest AounPhobias were the most AounIdolaters when General Michel Aoun was the designated Prime Minister in 1988 and fighting the Syrian troops in Lebanon as invaders. (No, not the leaders: they were the most ass-liking of Syrian mandated power)

AounPhobia people are irremediably Aoun-Psychaitrists: their diagnostics are AounChrist (antichrist), Aoun-Megalomania, and Aounarcisist. AounPhobia people are under AounDepressents and proud to be AountPhobia addicted….”

An Aoun-Anxieted citizen

In 2006, before Israel’ pre-preemptive war on Lebanon, Aoun had a rapprochement with Hezbollah that upset all alliances and made the alliances of the majority of Christians with the Muslim Shias during the 2005 parliamentary election an unbeatable political power pressure.

Syria then welcomed Aoun officially as a major State personality for an entire week.

It seems that Syria is trying currently to clip the advances of Aoun’s party by ordering political leaders who sided staunchly with Aoun to desist from total support rhetoric.

For example, the Maronite Suleiman Frangieh of Zgharta, the Druze Erslan of Aley, and Skaf of Zahle have been showing lukewarm enthusiasm for Aoun during the latest municipal election.

Even Hezbollah, through its alliance with AMAL of Nabih Berry, has been implicitly trying to weaken the Tayyar influence.

Still, the Tayyar of Aoun managed to win big time in both the Parliamentary and municipal elections.

Note 3: The Big Rodents have bankrupted Lebanon at all levels: economy, finance, government, Central Bank and most public institutions such as education, health, electricity..

 

Who has this deficient strategic mind in the Middle-East? Israel or the USA?

A couple of years after its creation in 1948 as a colonial implant, the State of Israel proved that its strategic mind, to impress upon its neighboring people to recognize its legitimacy, was failing in a consistent pattern of refusal to negotiate a peace treaty. 

The State of Israel was recognized by a majority of a single vote in the UN in 1948, when most States had not earned their independence from colonial powers. And the partition of Palestine bypassed valid political negotiation by the concerned people.

Invariably, it is the Mossad agents (hired from Israelis, Palestinians, and “Arabs”) that planned and facilitated terrorist attacks everytime foreign States pressured Israel to resume peace negotiations.

Currently, the Israeli government is very unhappy:  No “terrorist activities” are witnessed because the Palestinian government in the West Bank and Hamas in Gaza are in better position to control and apprehend Israel’s Mossad agents.

Even Lebanon has dismantled over a dozen Mossad cells that initiated terrorist activities of missile launching and assassinating Palestinian leaders.

The “Wall of Shame” has been erected, supposedly to prevent external influences in this “happy ghetto”. And Israel has no excuses left to bring up terrorist scare tactics to bear on foreign States initiatives for peaceful negotiations.

Palestinians factions cannot infiltrate Israel unless aided by the Mossad and Israel’s security services.

There are no terrorist activities and yet Israel is adamantly resuming State assassinations of Palestinian leaders:  Israel is praying that armed reactions by Palestinian factions will extend stupid excuses to Israel for putting negotiation on hold.

It is the habit of Israel to refuse peace since it is only happy on terms of total capitulation and apartheid humiliation behaviors.

Ariel Sharon proved to be by far the worst strategic mind as PM and as Defense minister.

In 1982, Sharon invaded Lebanon, entered the Capital Beirut, and “liberated” Lebanon from Yasser Arafat’s military wings.

Lebanon breathed easier as the “legal occupier” in Yasser Arafat was shipped to Tunisia in French ships.

Now, instead of withdrawing from Lebanon, Sharon decided to park in Lebanon for 25 more years.

This Israeli occupation in south Lebanon encouraged the Lebanese to fine tune their resistance activities.  Israel was thus forced to vacate Lebanon in 2000 unilaterally and without any pre-conditions.

Currently, Lebanon is united against Israel: Hezbollah has captured a strategic position of military “retaliation capacities”.

Israel has to start dealing seriously with peace negotiation; it has no other options left.

Israel has no excuses left to decline negotiations with the worn out excuse “We have no reliable parties to deal with”.

Military mentality and successive military tactical “pre-emptive” victories are no basis for long-term strategic peace agreements that convince the neighboring people.

The US 6th fleet and overwhelming military and economic supports have limits.

The US can no longer convince its citizens that Israel is the best protector of its interest in the Middle East and has to shell $4bn a year to support Israel Industrial military infrastructure and vicious illegal settlements or colonies in Palestinian lands.

Israel has been encouraging “terrorist activities” through its agents in order to lay claim to its “rights” of defensive massive and disproportionate violent “reactions” and pre-emptive wars in Lebanon, Gaza, and the Palestinian camps in Palestine (West Bank and Gaza) and Lebanon.

In fact, all investigations showed that Israel undertook pre-emptive wars in periods that No “terrorist activities” were undertaken by Palestinians either in Lebanon (1982) or in Gaza (2008).

Israel behaved as if it didn’t need to delimit its borders in its Constitution and opted for an open border as pre-emptive military incursions allowed it to expand.

We are experiencing a paradox in Israel’s political and strategic decisions:

First, Israel refuses to submit to the UN an official map of its borders with the neighboring States and

Second, it built the “wall of shame”, a reminiscence of its “ghetto mentality”, under the unconvincing excuses of reducing “terrorist attacks”.  In fact, it is a tactic of “No see Palestinians, then they do Not exist”

Since its creation in the Near-East, Israel never relinquished its British “apartheid” rights and detention laws to humiliate the Palestinians youth and commit State assassinations of Palestinian and “Arabic” leaders.

Almost every year, Israel invades Palestinian camps (supposed to be protected by the UN) and lay waste to camps and kills hundreds of Palestinian refugees under various pretences that the world community stopped to believe in their legitimacy.

Israel has been winning tactical military “victories” with unlimited supports from the successive US Administrations after Eisenhower.

Israel failed so far in securing peace and recognition by the Palestinian people and the neighboring Arab people.

The peace treaties with Egypt (under emergency law and dictatorship rules since the assassination of Sadat) and the monarchy in Jordan are not convincing and basically unilateral relative to the concerned people.

Israel conquered all Sinai in 1967 and waited until Gamal Abdel Nasser declared “What has been conquered by force cannot be recaptured but by force”.  Thus, Israel was obliged to pump useless funds to defend far-flung borders until Israel was pressured to restitute conquered lands in 1973 by a victorious counter military offensive by the Egyptian and Syrian army.

The US refused to support Israel’s military expenditures in the Sinai and thus, Israel let go of desert lands after it alienated over 70 million Egyptians (currently 100 million).

In a sense, Sharon permitted Israel to rethink its strategic mind after many strategic failures against his will and Israel’s will.

In the final analysis, the US tax payers are paying the tabs twice: Once for expanding Israeli colonies and developing the Golan Height and again for Israel’s withdrawal from colonies and the Golan.

I am wondering who is the most deficient in strategic mind in the Middle East: Is it Israel or the US of America?

THE ANGRY ARAB: US Violated Unspoken Rule of Engagement with Iran

When did the USA administrations felt like speaking with the people in ME?

By As`ad AbuKhalil  
Special to Consortium News

Something big and unprecedented has happened in the Middle East after the assassination of one of Iran’s top commanders, Qasim Suleimani.

The U.S. has long assumed that assassinations of major figures in the Iranian “resistance-axis” in the Middle East would bring risk to the U.S. military-intelligence presence in the Middle East.

Western and Arab media reported that the U.S. had prevented Israel in the past from killing Suleimani.  But with the top commander’s death, the Trump administration seems to think a key barrier to U.S. military operations in the Middle East has been removed.

The U.S. and Israel had noticed that Hezbollah and Iran did not retaliate against previous assassinations by Israel (or the U.S.) that took place in Syria (of Imad Mughniyyah, Jihad Mughniyyah, Samir Quntar); or for other attacks on Palestinian and Lebanese commanders in Syria.

The U.S. thus assumed that this assassination would not bring repercussions or harm to U.S. interests.

Iranian reluctance to retaliate has only increased the willingness of Israel and the U.S. to violate the unspoken rules of engagement with Iran in the Arab East.

For many years Israel did perpetrate various assassinations against Iranian scientists and officers in Syria during the on-going war. But Israel and the U.S. avoided targeting leaders or commanders of Iran.

During the U.S. occupation of Iraq, the U.S. and Iran collided directly and indirectly, but avoided engaging in assassinations for fear that this would unleash a series of tit-for-tat.

But the Trump administration has become known for not playing by the book, and for operating often according to the whims and impulses of President Donald Trump.

Different Level of Escalation

The decision to strike at Baghdad airport, however, was a different level of escalation.

In addition to killing Suleimani it also killed Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, a key leader of Hashd Forces in Iraq.

Like Suleimani, al-Muhandis was known for waging the long fight against ISIS. (Despite this, the U.S. media only give credit to the U.S. and its clients who barely lifted a finger in the fight against ISIS.)

On the surface of it, the strike was uncharacteristic of Trump.  Here is a man who pledged to pull the U.S. out of the Middle East turmoil — turmoil for which the U.S and Israel bear the primary responsibility.

And yet he seems willing to order a strike that will guarantee intensification of the conflict in the region, and even the deployment of more U.S. forces.

The first term of the Trump administration has revealed the extent to which the U.S. war empire is run by the military-intelligence apparatus. 

There is not much a president — even a popular president like Barack Obama in his second term — can do to change the course of empire.

It is not that Obama wanted to end U.S. wars in the region, but Trump has tried to retreat from Middle East conflicts and yet he has been unable due to pressures not only from the military-intelligence apparatus but also from their war advocates in the U.S. Congress and Western media, D.C. think tanks and the human-rights industry.

The pressures to preserve the war agenda is too powerful on a U.S. president for it to cease in the foreseeable future.  But Trump has managed to start fewer new wars than his predecessors — until this strike.

Trump’s Obama Obsession

Trump in his foreign policy is obsessed with the legacy and image of Obama.  He decided to violate the Iran nuclear agreement (which carried the weight of international law after its adoption by the UN Security Council) largely because he wanted to prove that he is tougher than Obama, and also because he wanted an international agreement that carries his imprint.

Just as Trump relishes putting his name on buildings, hotels, and casinos he wants to put his name on international agreements. His decision, to strike at a convoy carrying perhaps the second most important person in Iran was presumably attached to an intelligence assessment that calculated that Iran is too weakened and too fatigued to strike back directly at the U.S.

Iran faced difficult choices in response to the assassination of Suleimani.  On the one hand, Iran would appear weak and vulnerable if it did not retaliate and that would only invite more direct U.S. and Israeli attacks on Iranian targets.

On the other hand, the decision to respond in a large-scale attack on U.S. military or diplomatic targets in the Middle East would invite an immediate massive U.S. strike inside Iran.

Such an attack has been on the books; the U.S military (and Israel, of course) have been waiting for the right moment for the U.S. to destroy key strategic sites inside Iran.

Furthermore, there is no question that the cruel U.S.-imposed sanctions on Iran have made life difficult for the Iranian people and have limited the choices of the government, and weakened its political legitimacy, especially in the face of vast Gulf-Western attempts to exploit internal dissent and divisions inside Iran. (Not that dissent inside Iran is not real, and not that repression by the regime is not real).

Nonetheless, if the Iranian regime were to open an all-out war against the U.S., this would certainly cause great harm and damage to U.S. and Israeli interests.

Iran Sending Messages

In the last year, however, Iran successfully sent messages to Gulf regimes (through attacks on oil shipping in the Gulf, for which Iran did not claim responsibility, nor did it take responsibility for the pin-point attack on ARAMCO oil installations) that any future conflict would not spare their territories.

That quickly reversed the policy orientations of both Saudi Arabia and the UAE, which suddenly became weary of confrontation with Iran, and both are now negotiating (openly and secretively) with the Iranian government.

Ironically, both the UAE and Saudi Kingdom regimes — which constituted a lobby for war against Iran in Western capitals — are also eager to distance themselves from U.S. military action against Iran.

And Kuwait quickly denied that the U.S. used its territory in the U.S. attack on Baghdad airport, while Qatar dispatched its foreign minister to Iran (officially to offer condolences over the death of Suleimani, but presumably also to distance itself and its territory from the U.S. attack).

The Iranian response was very measured and very specific.  It was purposefully intended to avoid causing U.S. casualties; it was intended more as a message of Iranian missile capabilities and their pin point accuracy. And that message was not lost on Israel.

Hassan Nasrallah, the leader of Hizbullah, sent a more strident message. He basically implied that it would be left to Iran’s allies to engineer military responses. He also declared a war on the U.S. military presence in the Middle East, although he was at pains to stress that U.S. civilians are to be spared in any attack or retaliation.

Supporters of the Iran resistance axis have been quite angry in the wake of the assassination.  The status of Suleimani in his camp is similar to the status of Nasrallah, although Nasralla, due to his charisma and to his performance and the performance of his party in the July 2006 war, may have attained a higher status.

It would be easy for the Trump administration to ignite a Middle East war by provoking Iran once again, and wrongly assuming that there are no limits to Iranian caution and self-restraint.  But if the U.S. (and Israel with it or behind it) were to start a Middle East war, it will spread far wider and last far longer than the last war in Iraq, which the U.S. is yet to complete.

As’ad AbuKhalil is a Lebanese-American professor of political science at California State University, Stanislaus. He is the author of the “Historical Dictionary of Lebanon” (1998), “Bin Laden, Islam and America’s New War on Terrorism (2002), and “The Battle for Saudi Arabia” (2004). He tweets as @asadabukhal

The views expressed are solely those of the author and may or may not reflect those of Consortium News.

Note 1: The US military base in Iraq, Ain Assad, was demolished by the Iranian missiles, and scores of US military personnel were injured and dispatched to Germany and Kuwait. The Netherland decided to vacate its soldiers from this base to Kuwait: They experienced the fright of a lifetime.

Note 2: Hezbollah of Lebanon delivered a final warning to Israel: Any assassination of its members anywhere around the world by Israel, Hezbollah will retaliate. And Hezbollah delivered on its promise and did retaliate on the assassination of 2 of its fighter in Damascus. Israel had vacated all its military bases in the Galilee and the civilians went into shelters for 3 days waiting for the attack.

Note 3: So far, Syrian regime avoided any clear declaration for retaliation on assassinations on its soil or the frequent Israel missiles destroying weapon depots in Syria.

There were No Palestinian military groups or Lebanese opposition armed parties:

Yet, Israel carried frequent pre-emptive wars on Lebanon

On December 28, 1968, Israel commando blew up all Lebanon civil planes (13 of them) on the ground that a Palestinian has boarded one of them to carry out an attack in Athens.

There were No Palestinian military groups or Lebanese opposition armed parties for Israel to blame Lebanon or retaliate militarily.

Lebanon late President Charles Helou and the Lebanese army, stationed by the airport, didn’t intervene. The sole sargent, Ahmad She7adi,  who fired a shot, was brought to military court for disobeying order.

With the advent of Hezbollah, things have changed drastically and Israel is on the defensive and prefers to hide in shelters and behind Walls.

بلال جابر posted on Fb the article محمد نعمة فقيه 

في مثل هذا اليوم، 28 كانون الأول 1968، مجموعة كوماندوس أرسلها العدو الصهيوني إلى مطار بيروت، احتلت المطار وأقدمت على تدمير كل الطائرات المدنية التي تملكها شركة طيران الشرق الأوسط (الميدل إيست) الجاثمة على مدارج المطار وعددها 13 طائرة فتحوّلت خلال أقل من نصف ساعة إلى رماد ودخان بحجّة أن شخصاً فلسطينيّاً سافر على إحدى طائرات الشركة لينفّذ عملية فدائيّة في مطار أثينا.

العمليّة تمّت دون أي مقاومة على الإطلاق من القوى العسكريّة اللبنانيّة، علماً بأن القاعدة الجويّة العسكريّة اللبنانية موجودة بمكان ملاصق للمطار المدني، وكان رئيس الجمهورية اللبنانية آنذاك شارل حلو يراقب العمليّة برفقة قائد الجيش عن شرفة قصر بعبدا المشرفة على المطار، وحرصوا على تأكيد الأوامر العسكريّة بمنع العسكريين من القيام بواجب الدفاع عن الوطن.

الرقيب أحمد شحادة الذي بادر إلى إطلاق النار على قوة الكوماندوس من منطلق انتمائه الوطني وواجبه العسكري، تمّ استدعاءه على الفور من القضاء العسكري اللبناني لأنّه خالف الأوامر!

يومها لم يكن في لبنان لا مقاومة فلسطينية ولا مقاومة لبنانية، ليتحجج العدو الإسرائيلي بها لممارسة عدوانيته على لبنان…

يومها كان لبنان مستباحاً للعدو بكل معنى الكلمة حيث كان يرتكب المجازر بحق المواطنين دون أي رادع، ويختلق المسؤولون اللبنانيون الشعارات لتبرير تخاذلهم: قوة لبنان في ضعفه،

وهو الشعار الشهير الذي أطلقه في تلك الفترة رئيس حزب الكتائب اللبنانية بيار الجميّل. أي والد بشير الجميّل الذي استدعى جيش الاحتلال إلى لبنان ليجتاحه عام 1982 وينصّبه رئيساً للجمهوريّة، ووالد أمين الجميّل الذي وقّع مع العدو الصهيوني اتفاقية الذل في 17 أيّار التي أسقطتها دماء الشهداء، وهو جدّ سامي الجميّل صاحب النظريّة الشهيرة لسحب سلاح المقاومة واستبدالها ببضعة نواظير…

وليعود لبنان مستباحاً للعدو فيدمّر ويقتل ويهجّر مئات آلاف المواطنين من بيوتهم وحقولهم ساعة يشاء.

المجد، كل المجد، لكل الشهداء الذين روت دماؤهم أرض الوطن لطرد العدو، وتباركت الأيدي والأسلحة التي تقف بالمرصاد لكل عدوانيّة العدو وعجرفته، والخزي والعار لكل هؤلاء الذين يفكرون، مجرّد التفكير، بنزع سلاح المقاومة وإعادة لبنان ساحة تدريب لقوات العدو يمارس فيها عنصريّته وعدوانيته النّازيّة.

محمد نعمة فقيه
28 / 12 / 2019
الصورة المرفقة لحطام إحدى الطائرات في مطار بيروت من جراء العدوان الصهيوني عليه في 28 كانون الأول 1968
Mohamad Fakih

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How far has the Rothschild clan managed to weaken Hezbollah? Any resolution for the Lebanese?

This is an imagined story of how Jacob  Rothschild planned to isolate and weaken Hezbollah in Lebanon.

Actually, late Jacob of the 19th century divulged how his clan monopolizes the finances of any country they get access to.

بقلم ناجي امهز

سئل جاكوب روتشيلد الصهيوني كيف تتحكمون بشعوب الارض قاطبة ؟؟
^ قال بواسطة جنودنا :. _:.

سئل وكيف يستطيع مئات الاشخاص من جنودكم ان يتحكموا بمليارات البشر؟؟
^ قال جاكوب بعد ان تكتف *@، انه سر بسيط اكتشفناه بالصدفة “ببكة” قبل الاسلام،

لقد كان عبدة شمس يذهبون الى المدن المجاورة او القبائل ويتفقون مع احد الاشخاص كي يمثل انه مصاب بعاهة او بمرض نادر، وفي مواسم الحج قبل الاسلام يأتي هذا الرجل من خارج المدينة محملا بالهداية الكثيرة والقرابين فيقدمها للإلهة التي تم الاتفاق معه على ان تكون صاحبة المعجزة، وبعد ان تنطلي الخدعة على الحجيج الذين بدورهم يقدمون كل ما يملكون في سبيل نيل معجزة وعطف الالهة.

سيد روتشيلد هل تقصد انكم منافقون؟
^ كلا نحن دهاة، لكننا تعلمنا النفاق من الاعراب الذين قال عنهم كتابهم القران، ان الاعراب اشد كفرا ونفاق.

لكن انتم لا تصنعون الهة...
^ من اخبرك الم يقل جورج بوش انه سمع صوت الرب، الم يقل ترامب انه مرسل لينفذ اومر الرب.

نحن نخلق ما هو اكبر من الالهة، انه الوهم، ونضع هذا الوهم في احد الجنود وعندما يصبح هذا الجندي قادرا ان ينفذ المطلوب منه بأمانة فائقة ودقة واحترافية عالية :.، نقوم بافتعال ازمة معينة ثم نأتي بالمجند ونقدم له الحلول لهذه الازمة المفتعلة، وعندما تنتهي الازمة المفتعلة التي نحن صنعناها، يتم منحه بعض الجوائز العالمية بالإضافة الى حملة اعلامية عالمية تظهره على انه المخلص.
كما حدث مع ماكرون.

وبعد ذلك نذهب الى البلد المستهدف ونقوم بخلق ازمة (أي ازمة) وبعد ان يتم تظهير الازمة وتضخيمها بالأعلام نطلب من احد جنودنا السابقين بان يطرح اسم الجندي الذي تم اعداده خصيصا لهذه المنطقة او البلد، وايضا يبدأ الكلام عن قدراته وانجازاته حيث يتم زرعه بالعقول على انه المخلص، وعندما يصل المجند الى المنصب الذي يسمح له بتطبيق الاجندة الخاصة بنا يطبق على البلد والشعب.

هل استخدمتم هذا الاسلوب بالازمة اللبنانية وخاصة مع عدوكم اللدود ح زب الله؟؟.
^ للاسف لم نستطيع ذلك بالرغم من الاعداد المتقن لاكثر من سيناريو كنا قد وضعناه بعد خطاب السيد في عام 2017 عندما تكلم عن احجار على رقعة شطرنج.
الا ان ما قدمه لنا بعض المجندين من اللبنانيين فاق بكثير كل توقعاتنا، وقد ادهشتنا كلفة هذا السيناريو ومردوده المالي الكبير، بالاضافة الى تداعياته الخطيرة والهدامة على لبنان وح زب الله تحديدا.

ان ابناء الارز بارعون بالبناء ويمتلكون ثقافة عالية بصناعة الدهاء وخاصة انهم قادرون ان يدمروا الكرة الارضية بكل تهذيب…
وقد عرض علينا المشروع التالي: وهو ان يتم تشجيع الشعب اللبناني على وضع كافة امواله بالبنوك مقابل فوائد عالية جدا( فمن سيدفع مائة الف دولار ثمن شراء شقة ليكون مردودها بالسنة ثلاثة الاف دولار امريكي بينما يمكنه ان يحصل على ضعف هذا المبلغ من الفوائد دون تعب او القيام باقل جهد)، وبهذه الطريقة تم سحب القسم الاكبر من السيولة النقدية من ايدي الشعب مما ادى الى توقف البناء وتراجع كبير بحركة التجارة، وقد توقفت عجلة الدورة الاقتصادية التي ساهمت بتفشي البطالة وانتشار الرذيلة مما دفع بالشباب الى الانحراف ومن ثم الجريمة المنظمة ومع استفحال الجريمة المنظمة يبدا الانهيار الاجتماعي حيث اصبحت الاسرة عاجزة عن تسديد ديونها او دفع الضرائب ( وكنت أتأسف كثيرا عندما اسمع عن اعداد المنتحرين والاسر المنهارة) كما كنت استغرب من قساوة غالبية اهل السلطة على شعوبهم وخاصة انهم يعرفون ماذا يجري وماذا يحاك لهذا الشعب البسيط.

وبعد ان اصبحت كافة الاموال تحت سيطرتنا، قمنا بتخفيض التصنيف الائتماني للبنان، لمنعه من الحصول على قروض او دعم دولي، وبهذه الطريقة اصبحنا قادرين ان نتحكم بكل مفصل من مفاصل هذا البلد الذي تنتشر فيه الطائفية والفساد والجهل والتبعية على حد سواء، فنحن ربحنا المال والارض وايضا سنشتري المؤسسات العامة بفوائد الديون المترتبة على هذا البلد.

سيد جاكوب وهل ح زب الله كان يعرف ماذا يحاك؟؟؟
^ لقد نجحنا بعزل الحزب وابعاده من خلال فرض العقوبات عليه، فاصبح عاجز تماما عن التشكيك بجنودنا، وفي كل مرة كان يحاول زعيم ح زب الله وبعض الاقلام المقربة منه، ان تحذر من مخططنا، كان جنودنا يشنون هجوما عنيفا عليه وعلى اصدقائه تحت ذريعة ان ما يقال ليس حقيقة انما هي ردة فعل بسبب قساوة العقوبات عليه، وهكذا صدق الشعب ان كل ما يقوله او يقوم به ح زب الله هو بسبب العقوبات وبان جنودنا يريدون الخير للبنان ولشعبه.

سيد روتشيلد اين لبنان الان؟؟؟
^ انه في نفق مظلم وطويل ولا يوجد بختامه أي بصيص نور#_#
سيد روتشيلد هل تقصد ان لبنان الى الزوال؟؟؟
^ المهم ان يبق ارز الباروك الذي منه سيتم بناء الهيكل من جديد#_#

Comment and notes in Lebanese slang. Part 17

La kaan wa la baan. Every deputy (naayeb) in Lebanon, ex and current who was elected twice, consciously participated in this anomi political system every time they voted for “chairman” Nabih Berry. They should face justice and their salary is “7araam” and we should recover it.

Min zamaan kolt: Nabih ma baddo mouwaazanet 2020: baddo yi dallo moumsek bi tabakat al fassaad. Ra7 yi sawwef bi kel anwaa3 al khouza3balaat bil majless.

Dala3 Saad Hariri wa kharaf Nabih touhayye2 ardiyat 7oukoumat “mouwaajahat” 3ala kol azlaam al khaarej. Kol al 7ouloul ma bet basher bi aya najaa7. Baddna 7oukoumat Siyyadiyat la 6 months.

Kel shi secondary until Nabih is forced out as chief of the Parliament. Kabla ekhraaj Nabih min markazo al daa2m, wa esti3aadat aham mou2assassat al dawli: majless al niyaabi

Kem yawm a3ta al Sayyed lel 7oukoumat to deliver?

Ba3ed 3 decades, almost all civil servants t7awalo faassideen, iza baddon aw ma baddon: Individual moral code cannot vanquish work code in a rotten system.

3askar? wa kaa2ed al jaish (Joseph Aoun) khaa2ef min International Court? Ya te3tirna. Ma fi ella Hezbollah ta yi sheel al zeer min al beer

Bi yen3emelha dawaabet? 7adda msadda2 fi shi bi yondobet ella 3ala al wara2?

Shi 7elo. Halla2 infada7et al khottat? Min tani yawm kaalo infada7et al khottat. kel ma yesakkro torokaat, bterja3 tenfada7, 7atta fi awkaat 7iraak selmi, infada7et. Wal Faranci jaayi yestafham? Moush mafroud al Faranci yi fahemna shou 3am ye7sal?

Al wade3 twadda7? ma 7ada bil shaare3 al yawm. kel al canaalaat rej3et la baraamijha lel tajheel. yalli 3endo 3amal, m2adrab 3an al shohol. yalli ma 3endo 3amal, 3am yi fattesh 3a shoghol 7atta yi adreb. Kel siyyarat bil torkaat moush 3aaref li wayn zaahibat. Dayya3 shaamel..

Leish yezerko Seniora? $11 milliars taffo bedoun shourout. Leish yi 7otton bi Central Bank? Wazza3on 7ossass 3a militia leaders wa wouzara be2yo ma3o. La fi President wa la ra2eeb. E7tafaz bi 7ossat kbiri ka thaman lel zihaab ila Daw7at. Wa shou Judge Ibrahim baddo ya3ref aktar? Proportions of 7ossass militia leaders?

Yalla, 3al Zaytouni Bay dorr. Ma tontoro. drouri hal solta al ghaliza wal mouhalhali tefham: kafa ye3ni kafa. wa Kelon ye3ni kelon.

Ma tsad2o nakaabat al tojjar al kbaar: kezzabeen. 3endo depos fiha tzawid China bi kel shi. Monopolies mounzou 50 senni

A few facts on the robberies taken place in the Lebanese institutions: Like Central Bank 

Do you know there are 40% unemployed youth in Lebanon? This anomie system expected that most of them will find jobs overseas. It turned out that there are no jobs overseas at this junction. This militia/mafia system has to contend with all these educated youth demanding drastic changes: This is the real cause for this “7iraak” (mass upheaval going on for 3 weeks)

An anomie system is when every deputy in the Parliament has snatched a monopoly on a few consumer goods, services, communication, energy, financial transactions… and with the blessing of the chief of the Parliament (in Lebanon case is Nabih Berry who has been controlling the Parliament in the last 28 years without interruption)

For 30 years, all Lebanon public institutions have been staffed by “supporters” of the militia/mafia leaders. One third of Lebanon population work in public service institutions. 50,000 dead servants still receive monthly checks. Hundred of thousands are Not meant to show up for work, and those who show up have no official positions or jobs to perform.

At the root of the economic grievances fueling Lebanon’s mass protests lies what looks like a regulated Ponzi scheme (and that for 3 decades).

The problem will not be solved by a change of government—even with a cabinet of experts—or by injections of capital from friendly Arab states: it will require tougher measures, including a compulsory haircut for many of the country’s richest citizens.For decades, Lebanon depended on remittances to sustain its economy and the lira peg.

Fixed at 1507.5  LP (lira) to the U.S. dollar since 1997, the peg resulted in an overvalued currency, relative to the country’s productivity.

This gave the Lebanese a higher income and standard of living than in any neighboring Arab country, allowing them to spend on travel, cars, clothes, and gadgets.

Since its independence in 1943, Lebanon successive governments and institutions totally ignored the southern region, the Bekaa3 valley and the northern regions: they were to fend for themselves to survive, until Hezbollah came into being.

The southern region had no borders with Syria and they were plagued with the “legitimate” presence of Palestinian PLO in their midst and the successive excuses for Israel to bomb their towns and force them to flee toward the neighborhood of the capital Beirut (al Da7iyat)

What is the main institution that ruled and controlled this fiasco in Lebanon for 30 years?

It is the Parliament and all its deputies for 30 years. They all and invariably elected Nabih Berry by all the deputies. They all have to face the justice system for cooperating with this anomie system, controlled by the Godfather (Berry) of all militia “leaders”

And why the ministry of agriculture has 92 managers (moudir), and 16 million each one is paid 16 million LP?

And why 340 retired deputies are paid $30 million?

We have no trains in the last 50 years. And yet we have an institution for trains where the manger get 9 million LP per month and 300 civil servants receiving a salary of 3,250,000

One of the batch of the Panama financial leaks, list these figures

The first batch of names are:

  1. Bassam Yammine, a former minister assigned by the potential new President of Lebanon Michel Suleiman
  2. Hind Nabih Berry: Daughter of Chairman of the Parliament for 26 consecutive years
  3. Nader Hariri: Brother of Saad Hariri, former and current PM and political successor of his late father Rafic Hariri
  4. Tarek Sami Nahass: a member of the board director of the Hariri clan
  5. Maysara Sokkar: general manager of Sukleen and Sukomi (waste disposal and contracted out to Saad Hariri)
  6. Wael Fouad Seniora: Son of former PM Fouad Seniora who didn’t deposit $11 billions into the Central Bank
  7. Houda Abdel Basset Seniora: wife of Fouad Seniora PM
  8. Walid Dawook: Relative of Adnan Kassar and appointed minister by former Mikati PM
  9. Riad Salameh: Chairman of the Central Bank for 20 successive yearsNote: Iceland President submitted his resignation after he was listed in the leaks

What the 4 deputies to the Chief of the Central Bank Riad Salami do for what they are paid such enormous money? About 43 millions and paid for 16 months. They receive loans above one billion LB with zero interest rate. And another one billion lean at very low interest rate. And they deposit that money in the Central Bank at 17% interest rate.

ثالث ورابع اقتصادين بالعالم اليابان وألمانيا. كل بنك مركزي عندو نائبين لحاكم المصرف علماء اقتصاد بمعاش لايتعدى مع بدلاتو ال ١٥ الف دولار.

نحنا عنا ٤ معاقين نواب الحاكم من كل مذهب واحد.

المعاش ٤٢ مليون وبيقبض ١٦ شهر.

والو قرض سكني فوق المليار بفايده لاتذكر.

والو قرض تاني فوق المليار بفايده لاتذكر. بيرجع يحطو بالبنك بفايده ١٧ بالميه.

والو كذا امتياز جمركي وخرج راح و…
كلن يعني كلن

 

And why the highways and streets have been blocked in the last 2 week

Ahmad Mroue posted on Fb . 21 hrs

الإعتراض والأملاك العامة :
= الإعتراض هو رفض لقول أو فعل يرى المعترض أنّه يمس بكرامته الإنسانية أو حقوقه الوطنية .
= حق الإعتراض لا يُمكن نفيه أو إنقاصه من أي جهة .
= حق الإعتراض هو مِن صميم حرية الفرد والجماعة .
= الحريات الفردية والجماعية هي حقوق متوازية ومتوازنة ومتساوية بين الأفراد والجماعات وبنحو لا يجوز فيها التداخل المتعدي بحيث تتجاوز حدود حقوق وحريات الآخرين .
= الأملاك والمرافق العامة يتساوى فيها المواطنون بحق الإنتفاع دون ممانعة من أحد .
= حق الإنتفاع من المرفق العام هو حق محصور بإيجابية الإستهلاك بنحو عدم جواز تعييبه أو تعطيله كلياً او جزئياً لأنّ ذلك يُعتبر تعدياً جرمياً على حقوق الآخرين .
= الطرق العامة الموصلة بين أماكن سكن وعمل المواطنين هي من أهم الأملاك العامة التي يتساوى فيها الناس بحق الإنتفاع المتوازي .
= الإرتكاز العقلي الإنساني لا يُجيز لأحد إستخدام أساليب إنتفاع تلحق ضرراً بالآخرين .
= تطرقت التشريعات والقوانين في مختلف البلدان إلى مسألة قطع الطرق العامة بتفاصيل دقيقة منها :
– قطع الطريق العمومي هو قيام مجموعة من الأشخاص بإغلاق طريق بري بقطع جماعى للطريق العمومي للإحتجاج أو بهدف الحصول على منافع عامة، أو إحتجاجاً على تعثر الدولة في علاج مشكلة ما .


الطريق العام هو :” كل طريق يباح للجمهور المرور فيه في كل وقت وبغير قيد .
– إنّ قصد الفاعلين عرقلة المرور وإعاقة السير تعتبر وحدها كافية لقيام جريمة كاملة الأركان وهي قطع الطريق .
– بعض القوانين أقرّت عقوبات على قطع الطريق بالسجن عدة أشهر وبعضها قال بالسجن من 3 إلى 15 سنة . وبعضها إلى ما هو أشد من ذلك .
= إنّ الإعتراض الذي هو حق للمواطنين لرفع الظلم عنهم أو لتحصيل حقوقهم قد يأخذ عدة أشكال مشروعة وتصاعدية وصولاً إلى ما يُعبّر عنه بالعصيان المدني .


= العصيان المدني هو بإختصار عصيان المدنيين على السلطة الحاكمة وتتجلى برفض التعامل مع مؤسساتها والإلتزام بالموجبات المالية المفروضة من قِبلها .
= قطع الطرق بين المدنيين ليس مِن العصيان المدني ويتسبب بسلبيات وعواقب وخيمة على تحصيل المطالب وقد تؤدي إلى إنشقاقات مخيفة بين المواطنين وما لا يجوز ولا يُحتمل .

= مِن أهم لوازم العصيان المدني هو التكاتف والتكافل والتعاطف الإنساني بين المواطنين لتأمين أفضل ما يُمكن مِن إستقرار حياتي لأفرادهم وجماعاتهم .
=====
إبراهيم فوّاز .

Third article on Lebanon’s mass upheaval since October 17

Note: If you care to read the second article

https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2019/10/20/the-mass-upheaval-in-lebanon-starting-in-october-17-is-growing-stronger-and-widespread/

From 1971 to the onset of the civil war, Beirut experienced a mass upheaval that turned out to become a continuous movable feast/fair.  The upheaval demanded reforms in the political system that would drop this sectarian/comprador political and economic structure. You may read the link at the end of the article.

The militia/mafia “leaders”, in control of the political system since 1992, were trying hard Not to have a budget within the legal period and then Lebanon forgo the concept of budget from 2005 to 2018.

The current mass upheaval is in its 12th day. During the first 2 days, the protesters wanted to foment the people against the President Aoun and Saad Hariri PM, as totally impotent in governing and perform any change.

Their fake news and lies backfired. Even their hooligans felt shame facing this united massive uprising.

This surprised mass upheaval forced these militia leaders (Nabih Berry, Walid Jumblaat and Samir Jeaja) to backtrack and vote on the budget and all the reforms in the last government meeting.

Hariri was the first to deliver a speech and promised 72 hours before taking a decision for his resignation. Hezbollah secretary general was second in talking to the movement and declared that the resignation of the government is out of the question for practical reasons and to avoid a long lasting void.

Then the President delivered his speech and it was Not basically different from the PM, since Not a single reform action was executed in the last 9 days.

I warned that it was Not advisable for the President to deliver a speech without offering the protesters a tangible reform: Confidence that the President can deliver is worth a thousand speech.

Hassan Naser Allah’s second speech was alarming: he stated that this movement has been guided by foreign powers in order to drive Lebanon into chaos and ordered his followers to desist from joining the upheaval. He warned that if the government proved a resistance to deliver on its promises, then Hezbollah will act vigorously to prevent any chaos.

The army and the internal security forces met and reached an agreement to open blocked highways. The militia “leaders” such as Samir Ja3ja3 and Walid Jumblatt were given 48 hours to call home their armed hooligans and desist in acting as militia by blocking side roads and demanding citizens to show their identity cards…

The main difference between this mass upheaval and that of 1971 is that the newer generations refused to listen to the older “revolutionaries” and could Not produce quality political awareness.

In the 1971 uprising there were cultural events that bolstered the quality of the civil Lebanon, theaters, great movies, discussions… Should we hope for a qualitative change in how the protesters are spending their time?

I have no problems with a few protesters sitting on sofas and surrounded with the facilities of a cozy home. I am disturbed that they are Not discussing to enhance their political awareness: each one of them is isolated with his expensive iPhone. Thus, what basically changed?

Actually, you have people instructing the protesters methods of how to confront the army.

Nothing of quality comes in a hurry: it needs reflective periods and the ability to select the relevant facts in the constant streaming of the mass of facts. And be able to pinpoint the fake news on the base of good general knowledge

All the government institutions have been staffed with personnel that owe its survival to the mafia/militia “leaders” for 3 decades. You can constitute any government you want, the result is “who will execute the decisions”?

A technocrat, if Not strongly politically backed, cannot pressure the civil servant to obey his decision, especially those in the upper echelons.

The question is: How can any change occur if One Third of the population survive as civil servants and are used to sizable “backsheesh” and shady deals?

Pragmatically, only a Big Fish in a stagnant pond can clean it from the smaller fishes.

Thus, the movement must strike a deal with the government to dismiss the main higher level civil servants whom were demonstrated to be as rotten as the main mafia/militia “leaders” and who fully cooperated in this endemic “fassaad” or highway robbery of the budgets since 1991.

This mass upheaval can force this government to move forcefully against most of the civil servants that are in cohort with the monopolies of consumer goods, energy, financial transaction, services, communication…

So far, the movement has been intent on blocking roads and streets, in fact emulating the tactics of the civil war militia without being aware of their behavior. Blocking roads is tantamount of cutting communication among the citizens and making it difficult for the daily economic trade cycle.

This movement keep chanting “Down with this government”, “Down with this rotten regime”… but no viable pragmatic alternatives are materializing.

If the western States, Israel, Saudi Kingdom and Qatar are intent on weakening the social base of Hezbollah by persisting on a long upheaval without any communication with the current government, then I submit that Lebanon will experience a long protracted period of miseries.

The Lebanese will have to invent an alternative financial and economic structure to circumvent the lack of cash flow and investment. We will be going through very difficult time that will last years, until we manage to re-create another economical and financial system that permit us to survive as a State.

Representatives of this movement “7iraak” must meet with the President, the PM, Nabih Berry (chairman of Parliament for a quarter of century)and Riad Salami (Central Bank chief since 1992). They should meet with them on individual settings and on condition that these meetings be Live and transparent. Let see who of them dare meet the people Live.

Note 2: This link for a special article of most of my comments that I posted on FB pertaining to this mass upheaval. https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2019/10/25/special-articles-of-comments-pertaining-to-lebanon-mass-upheaval/

Note 3: My article on the long upheaval from 1971 till the onset of the civil war: this movable feast. https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2019/09/05/movable-fairs-in-beirut-1971-74/


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

July 2020
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