Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘ideology

If every decision is political in nature

Every ideology is a political system. Mostly in economic /financial matters, even if implicitly.

Saying Capitalism Is Not a political system, but a financial mafia, does Not stand the ground

A few go the extra mile to simplify Capitalism by analysing the end results.

Kind if the end result is exploiting people by all means available to accumulate wealth, then this is a mafia system for reaping quick money.

العالم استهلاك بلا هوية
الرأسمالية نظاما سياسيا ، الرأسمالية مافيا مالية ، الرأسمالية طورت نفسها، إلى مافيا عالمية ، و هي بالتالي ليست أيديولوجيا .
الحرية ، الحرية صورة للفوض المنظمة ،
سر نجاح الرأسمالية ان قسما من الشعب يحصل على ما يشبه الرشوة من هذه المافيا و قسم آخر بتوظف في جهاز هذا النظام فبستفيد و قسم يغطي الواقع بالاعلام ،
سر استمرار مافيا النظام المالي أنها تخلق ازدهارا ظاهرا يخدع المجتمع و يحجب الفقر عن الأعين العادية ، هناك عدا الدعاية ميول الناس الى عدم المساواة و الطمع الذي يسيطر على أذهان الناس ،
مافيا المال و مركزها أمريكا تدير الحكام و أجهزة الحكم تدير رغبات الناس و شهواتها و تخلق لهم حاجاتهم و حتى أنها تبيع البعض اوهاما و الناس تعتقد أنها تربح والرابح الحقيقي لا الوهمي مافيا المال و المنتفعين منها ،
هذا العالم و بالتالي الاقتصاد بمجمله لا يمكن أن يعمل إلا بهذه الطريقة لأن آليات التغيير عمليا و ليس نظريا غير موجودة ، لأن نظام الاستهلاك بلا هوية و هو المسيطر ،
هناك نقمة أحيانا و هناك احتجاجات احيانا أخرى لكنها تبقى بدون آليات و لا تملك خطة عمل بديلة ،
المعرفة تقنية تخدم في إطار محدد و معين و الثقافة يسيطر عليها الاستهلاك، معظم النخبة التقنية و الثقافية تساعد على بقاء نظام الفساد و اللا مساواة ، و يشكلون الجسم الأساسي من نظام الفساد و الاستهلاك و الاستنكار لفظي مشلول و معظم الطبقات ضالعة بطريقة مباشرة او غير مباشرة ، ما عدا فئة متضررة آلياتها هامشية و تحركها عاجز و تتحرك تحت ظل الأوضاع و لا تخترفها لا عمليا ميدان يا و لا حتى نظريا ،
الخواطر الإبداعية و الثقافية معزولة و مجردة و تحصل على تأييد مجاني عابر ،
الكل مستفيد او مراهن او مشارك ، الناس مع الفساد في معظمهم و تتوخى المصلحة و تحسب في نشاطاتها حسابات الربح و الخسارة و الضمير يبقى عاجزاو عمليا معطل لأن الكل المثقف و النخبة ينتظر الغنيمة و الحل اذا وجد في التربية المنزلية و في التربية الوطنية و نظام يؤمن بالمساواة الحقيقية التامة لا المساواة الشكلية و بالعدالة المطلقة ،
مؤسسات تقوم على المساواة التامة و العدالة المطلقة، تبدأ من الأسرة و التربية المنزلية و تمتد في مناهج المدرسة و شوارع مجتمع صحي قاءم على السلوكيات المستقيمة حتى يصبح كل شيء أسلوب حياة و منهج و طريقة تفكير الخ …يتبع
21/06/2020

Counter shock upheaval: the earlier the better (Greece)

            A developing State deciding to default on external debts should default on all its debt; then, it can rest appeased and contented for several reasons: first, defaulting does not occur frequently in any single State; second, the bad credit rating is the same whether a State default on all or partial debts; and third, the State will generate immediate cash flow on unpaid interests that covers its budget deficit.   

            Before Greece, Lithuania, Hungary, and Spain suffered the same fate of a prematurely imposed Euro on States of weak economies. There are many articles analyzing the financial crisis in Greece. I thought that I can make sense in a short post for readers eager to know but would refrain reading lengthy erudite articles.

            There are two main factors for Greece financial problems; there are two resolutions available, equally painful, but one is far better in shortening the pain and healing faster. First, the common currency Euro forced weaker economies to relinquish their sovereignty over issuing money (printing money) in time of shrinking economy to re-launch the inner trade.  Second, the US financial multinationals before the crash infused too much credit in a small economy that did not correspond to normal credit rating behaviors; this quick infusion of money inflated the sense of economic boom and generated laxity in financial control and management.  Greece is awakening to new demands for harsher financial control and imposition of higher taxes to straighten the budget balance sheet.

            The first remedy is inviting the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to intervene and infuse $1.7 billions in the Greek coffer to pay the debts due this spring. This would be a bad decision. It is worse because even the EU is encouraging Greece toward that option. For example:

            Lithuania GNP shrank 18% in the first year the IMF intervened with its draconian conditions: jobless rate climbed to 20%, the high level in health, education, and retirement suffered greatly. Actually, retired persons are bleeding and the socialist political parties lost ground.

            In Hungary, the IMF intervention made sure that the people suffer and the socialist government be replaced by like minded anti-socialist government headed by the former minister of economy. If Greece ends up asking the “help” of the IMF, as the EU wishes too, then the socialist George Papandreou will start packing; a decision that will please Merkle PM of Germany.

            Greece with budget deficit reaching 13% of GNP and growing has a reasonable solution out of this mess if it wants to avoid 10 years of suffering and humiliation. Until the EU comes up with a financial recovery plan then Greece should revert to its national currency the drachma. Greece should regain its sovereignty issuing money in this difficult period: Internal and external trades should not be hampered for lack of liquidity.

            Since Greece imports amount to only 20% of its GNP then better competitive drachma should enhance exports and reduce the loan deficit. With the already strict financial control in place, Greece will be able to shorten the period of its pain.  The EU will accept Greece currency to revert to the Euro in due time in order not to let other Euro member States following Greece decision.

            Greece should learn how Argentina recovered.  After four years insisting of keeping the currency linked to the dollar the economy faltered entirely.  Argentina decided to float its currency and it devalued accordingly. Argentina was able to default on $100 billion of foreign loans. The government insured that bank deposits of consumers keep the same purchasing power by regular re-evaluation and re-fixing of the national currency.  People living in their own properties enjoyed the same financial facility at the rate of pre-devaluation.  Within a single semester, Argentina economy was back to normal and going strong.

            Greece has choices: either the MIF intervention accompanied by ten years of suffering or reverting to the drachma until the economy is back to normal within a semester. If Greece default on all its external debts then, suppose the interest rate on debts is 8% and the debt amount to 140% its GNP, defaulting will generate fresh cash of 9% of Greece GNP which is over its annual current budget deficit. What developing State would decline such solution?  Obviously, the US, Japan, China, Germany, France, and England would refuse to default on the ground that they are actually running world economy.

            Defaulting on bad credits that financial multinational encouraged developing States to taking does not hurt badly or disturb the multinational creditors: they were not supposed to pay taxes on interests as long as debtor governments did not restitute the original entire capital; the financial multinationals have then to pay taxes on the previous 20 years of lending the same capital, minus what they submit as expenses of doing businesses.

            The neoliberal financial ideology and “The Economist” are back on the offensive after the shameful financial crash: they are ordering indebted States to reducing public employment by 10%, reducing salaries, reducing retirement benefit, and elongating the age for retirement.  The financial institutions claim that all these hassles are none of its business, even if they caused the miseries.

            Unless people revolt now with a counter shock to what they are being submitted to then any delay to the next financial crash will hurt them more than the rich classes.  People should demand that taxes be raised and increased to all capitalist transactions, financial administrators and bonuses be taxed high, and dividends to shareholders be delayed until the economy is stabilized.  Waiting for another financial crash to get in action is tantamount to increasing social injustices with a maddening upheaval that runs amuck.

Part one: Twilight of “Love of Knowledge”

            There is this notion that philosophers are after the “Truth” based on the assumption that they have this urge to go to the tiniest details and exhaustive possibilities of a concept.  I beg to differ. Once a philosopher starts building structures for his line of thinking then it is the system that tows and guides the “Truth”. It takes an insurmountable character of honesty to shake off the inertia erected by a system for a philosopher to restart his independent reflection in search of truth.

            Philosophy from Antiquity to the last century was what is currently called “Ideology of the power to be” of the politico-economic system (the dominant classes of the period). Philosophy was the super-structure or the apologetic social structure of a culture that has been flourishing for decades: philosophy tried to make sense of the mood of the time.

            What is striking is that most philosophical systems refrained to include the economical structure aspect into the equation; at best, the economic structure was indirectly referred to.  For example, slavery was accepted as a qualitative level in human nature: since animals are difficult to communicate with then it is better to leave it as is.  It was if economy was a taboo notion because the class structure could not be altered.

            Every politico-economic dominant class needs a valid interpretation of the statue-quo coupled with a rational for the intelligentsia to take stock of the inevitable status that settled in and come along.  Thus, philosophers’ interpretations always were phased out by several decades of the “has been reality”.

            In periods of alliances between the religious institutions and the monarchy it was required for God to taking center stage: people had to get used to letting God run their destinies. Usually, the philosophical lines of thinking revolved in that guideline; these philosophical trends lasted long because the power was concentrated in the hand of the almighty alliance.  Superstition was king and empirical works led the bold experimenters to the fire to be burned alive as witches.  Knowledge was built around abstract concepts or the realm of religious dogmas. Religious institutions dictated how the universe functioned and detailed the proper mental activities.

            In periods of the rising middle classes (of traders, merchants, and lately the industrial class of entrepreneurs) philosophical systems set man in center stage of the universe. It was important that man regains his place instead of God: The church-monarchy alliance was not to regain political-economic supremacy and control.  Consequently, man was to discover and investigate his “backyard” (earth and universe).  Scientific knowledge, empirical experiments, discovery, and world adventures were the result of opening up new market for exploiting many more people for added values of merchandises.

            Hegel realized the historical interpretation process of philosophical structures as a fundamental aspect of civilization changes; Hegel failed to find the intimate connection with the politico-economic source. The historical dialectic method could make sense of the super structure of “knowledge” development in an a posteriori phase; thus historical dialectics could not forecast the synthesis for the current period since the source of the dialectics (politico-economics) was not within his range of expertise.

            It was Marx who realized the power of historical dialectics when applied to politico-economic realities. It made sense from Marx position to declare that history started when class struggle was identified as the catalyst for change and knowledge development.  It means that if a “hot” culture wants to understand or create a history for its society then it must invest in gathering artifacts and ancient manuscripts that shed light on the class structures through the phases of its history.

Democratic systems are trying hard to diminish civil administration interference with religions in its habit of demanding religious inputs and backing to political activities and programs.  This phenomena is called “separation of religion and civil rules”

Ideology: Not such a bad Concept before Ruling, (April 2, 2009)

 

I believe that personal reflection is the best alternative for discovering a set of values (most compatible with our passions) to guide our behavior.  However, there are many obstacles for any individual to access his own “ideology” or perception of life and the universe. 

First, the school system, family upbringing, community customs and traditions are as many diverse implicit ideologies that an individual has to comprehend and sort out.

Second, it presupposes that an individual has reached enough maturity to believe that his reflections can affect the course of events. 

Third, it presupposes that the governing institutional systems care about individual opinions and demands, and are ready to examine them seriously. 

Fourth, it presupposes that the individual has enough will, energy, education, and perseverance to discover his own set of values and ideological system.

 

An ideology basically transmits perceived habits and models for interpreting social and political conditions. To a lesser extent, an ideology communicates explanations and teaches to making choices for situations and events. It is my contention that every ideology or political party implicitly exhibits a philosophical line.

Since a philosophical construct is fundamentally a process of prioritizing our individual set of passions, that cannot be changed but re-ordered, and focused as a collectivity of like-minded association, then it is beneficial for any ideology to debate the philosophy that is most compatible to its priority of passions.

It is up to graduate philosophers to analyze the party line and extract the corresponding philosophy out of hundreds that the human mind has constructed.  An ideology that misses opportunities to seriously debate its underlying philosophy is bound to fail as a gathering of focused passions.

I am aware of a case where a fresh graduate in philosophy and a fresh member in a political party attempted to stick his personal philosophy to the ideology instead of objectively analyzing the underlying philosophy and allowing free discussion on the topic; it was an opportunity that was missed to debating a rough philosophy that had potentials to be fine tuned and accepted by the collectivity of members.

 

Most political ideologies loudly claim that the members are the subject matter, that the members are the driving force and the main concern of the ideology.  That line of thinking should be the purpose of syndicates because that is the reason for instituting syndicates and professional associations. Political parties should avoid the technical hypocrisy of proclaiming that their goals are the members’ benefit. 

Members in political ideologies are simple cogs of focused passions. Fresh members in political parties are willing to slave for free and accept all the nonsense, constraints, and abject humiliation on opinion restraints because “they need apprenticeship period” to comprehend and thoroughly learn the mystery behind an ideology, as if it was a cult.

Those individual cogs who regurgitate the political lines and memorize them by rot and spew them integrally are the one who accede to the higher echelons, and then reap the benefits and advantages: There are no rooms for divergence of opinions on ideological lines, otherwise, a new ideology is in the making. It is worth noting that those who accede to the higher echelons are invariably astute power grabbers, but very limited spiritually because they fail to invest energy and time on personal reflections.

Those limited minded “leaders” are imposed on society for needed reforms that invariably fail and leave tracks of long miseries and sufferings.

 

  Any ideology is inherently a cult with many super imposed constructs of myths and verbal testimonies of elders, which are added as the rank swells.  These abstract constructs are meant to increase the obscure notions and make the ideology more fascinating and enduring to the youth, simply because the ideology failed to adhere to an explicit philosophy of rational cohesion.

Fundamentally, schisms are implicitly divergences on priorities of passions to focus on which are interpreted as political differences.

Religions follow the same process as ideologies, and end up splitting and forming schisms and cults.  The core of religions and political ideologies are of abstract constructs with the same consequences on societies.  The main difference between religions and ideologies is that religions invariably end up adhering to a philosophy as guiding rod and are thus enduring in all levels of life for many centuries.

 

Ideologies, as religions, are necessary passages for individuals’ spiritual development:  they are the building blocs for getting aware and hopefully caring for human miseries and problems.  Ideologies are extensions to our spirit because we need the association of people to develop our soul.

 

Find me an individual who never joined a political ideology or at least cared in his youth to learn the ideologies of his time and I can forecast that this individual will specialize in his professional discipline and be a complete illiterate outside his field of specialty; he will end up a very narrow-minded person with no heart or soul to count on for change and social reforms. 

I would be uncomfortable dealing with an individual who joined an ideology in youth and never felt the need to re-examine his ideology: I simple cannot believe that a young person can be bright enough and wise enough to knowing his strongest passions before dealing with the real world and people.

 

In many moments in life we asked “what is the meaning and purpose in life?”   How about we start from the obvious?  We are a bunch of jumbled passions that drive our life and we ache to re-order our passions and discover the strongest passions that mean most to us. We want to be discriminated as an individual, not on physical traits but as thinking reflecting persons who have distinct set of passions that we managed to prioritize; we finally think that we know who we are and what drove our life.

We want to be at peace with our soul and spirit.

What is the Meaning of Life?  (April 6, 2009)

 

In a previous essay “Ideology: Not such a bad Concept before Ruling” I dealt with the notions of ideologies, philosophies, and religions: their purposes and structures. I ended the essay with the following paragraph:

“In many moments in life we ask “what is the meaning of and purpose in life?”   How about we start from the obvious?  We are a bunch of jumbled passions that we all share and that drive our life; we ache by reflection to re-order our passions and sort out the strongest passions that mean most to us. We want to be discriminated as an individual, not on physical traits but as thinking reflecting persons that have distinct set of strong passions that we manage to prioritize and focus; we finally think that we know who we are and what passions drove our life. We want to be at peace with our soul and spirit.”

When we claim that we are in an introspection phase then we are explicitly finding time to sort out the driving passions that were predictive of our life path.  We all have the same passions at various degrees of power and interest that no outside processes can change or transform unless we consciously act on them to redirect our focus.  Introspections are highly useful conscious periods in our life to comprehend the strongest of our passions and set priority for future activities.  Basically, we are adopting a philosophy to life that is compatible with our strongest passions.  That is what we constantly do: we are addicted to constructing models because we are spiritual designers.  We want to categorize our passions intellectually, by our volition and labor of reflection.

Most religions have to erect an ideology and sometimes slightly update it to face changes; the sacerdotal castes main job is to pressure you to accept their set of values and morals as the best that characterize you.  In fact, religions do not want you to exercise introspection and learn your own characteristics; they want to “save you that hassle” and show you the proper way; they want you to be the man, among all same men, with preferred set of passions instead of realizing your individuality.  Only those following the preferred “type” are selected in heaven as on earth; the black sheep of strong individuality are not recognized in heaven because only the mediocre, the humble, the naïve, the simple-minded can be saved.

 

That was a good starting lead to answering the meaning of life.  I have a question: if you were to choose between knowing the “truth” or safeguarding and preserving your conscious then what would you decide?   I know that you will try to circumvent this basic query by returning a question with another one such as “Isn’t conscious linked to truth searching?” or “Isn’t knowledge an illusion?”

If even scientific facts should be recognized as statistical facts because uncontrolled observations have the tendency to show up occasionally and need to be categorized, understood, and then modeled.  If justice is fundamentally a consensus agreement among the jury then why do we cling so staunchly to truth or “absolute fact”? 

If “truth” is not reachable, if we know that any predictive model can be altered by surprised “chance” observations, if it is proven at every moment in our life that uncertainty is king and it loves to convince you at the most critical events, then why fight for truth and spread disorder for an illusion? 

Our scientific and rational mind is fighting the good fight and is persistent in its endeavor because it refuses impositions of religious abstract notions that have no foundations or convincing premises. Our scientific mind is not fighting “faith” but fighting the sacerdotal castes’ value systems and ideologies.

What about conscious? We can define conscious by its consequences on our nerves, its wrenching battle through sleepless nights, and through nightmares.  Conscious is the constant fighting between imposed religious set values and your strong valid passions that define your individuality.  We are battling to preserve our rightful individuality in a manner that would not shock the community as “crazy behaviors”. 

Most of the time we define conscious as how the community expect us to act and decide because religious belief system is enduring and hard to conciliate with.

 

You always have a choice: truth or conscious; and this dichotomy is not to vanish any time soon and you will have to select differently at many moments. This critical choice is our daily battle and our constant struggle to find meaning to our life.

 

By God, I hope that the set values imposed on me is the correct one.  I would hate after death to face up a reality that is not compatible with what I cowardly submitted to.  I would hate to be condemned for laziness in the mind or condemned for not acting according to my own labor of reflection. Justice is ultimately an individual case and what the community believed is totally irrelevant and redundant for supporting supposed clemency.

Zionist ideology:  Of apartheid, terror, and crimes against humanity (December 24, 2008)

Israel is the last apartheid State in existence and still going strong, boasting its rights to be a pure Jewish State and that the “Palestinians do not exist” as Golda Meir PM stated in 1967. Before I start my essay, let me offer a very restricted sample of terror activities of this Apartheid State since its inception as an implant State in the 20th century.

Deir Yasin (April, 1948): 254 civilians shot dead by the Menahem Begin’s terrorist Irgun militia that had demolished King David Hotel during the British mandate. Deir Yasin was a village that didn’t even permit combatants to pass through and had a pact of non-aggression with the neighboring Jewish settlements.

Begin wrote: “After Deir Yassin the Irgun entered Haifa as if slicing into butter” The arch terrorist Begin was later rewarded for all his terrorist activities to become a Prime Minister of the State of Israel.

Balad al-Cheikh (December, 1947): 60 Palestinian civilians shot in their homes by the official Palmach army.

Sasa (February, 1948): 60 Palestinian civilians killed and 20 houses demolished by the Palmach army.

Haifa (April, 1948): 100 Palestinian civilians fleeing the City were killed and 200 severely wounded.

Qibiya (October, 1953): 42 Palestinian civilians killed and 41 houses blown out by Ariel Sharon and Defense Minister Moshe Dayan. The village of Qibiya was in Jordan but Israel wanted revenge 4 years later because it had resisted Israel terrorists’ infiltration.

Kafr Kassem (October, 1956): 47 Palestinian peasants returning from their fields to the village were shot dead.  Colonel Melinsky told the commander Shadmi: “No sentimentality. Let God have mercy on their souls”.  Kafr Kassem was not even within the State of Israel when Israel decided to invade Sinai.

Khan Younis (November, 1956): a Palestinian camp of refugees under the UNRWA was occupied by the Israeli army; 275 civilians massacred.

Rafah (November, 1956): a refugee camp directed by UNRWA was invaded by Israel “Defense Forces”; 111 civilians massacred. 

Sabra and Chatila (refugee camps in Lebanon; September, 1982): over 2,300 civilians massacred during two nights and three days of bestial behavior never seen in modern history.

Qana (south Lebanon): 200 civilians dead and 200 severely injured in a compound run by the UN Peace keeping forces; Shimon Peres (the supposedly “peace-loving” person) was Prime Minister; the bombing was pre-meditated.

Qana again (July 2006): 40 civilians, mostly children huddled in the basement, died buried under a bombed building.

Jenine (2005; a Palestinian camp in the West Bank): 500 civilians crushed under the Merkava tanks during three days of demonic genocide.  Israel did not allow any UN investigation of the slaughter.

In 1948, the United Nations divided Palestine in two States: Israel and Palestine. Israel didn’t care: it invaded the Palestinian lands and claimed it as its own. The villages and cities of Qazaza, Jaffa, Tanoura, Tireh, Kfar Huseinia, Haifa, Abou Shusha, Saris, Biddu, Lod, Bayt Surik, and on and on all destroyed, the civilians killed and massacred, and the names of the villages changed to Hebrew names.  The irony is that all the famous Zionist terrorists were rewarded with the highest government posts; Ben Gorion PM, Golda Meir PM; Begin PM, Shamir PM, Sharon PM, Ehud Barak PM, and not counting the successive Defense Ministers such as Moshe Dayan and the sorts.

 Israel has invaded tiny Lebanon more than six times and destroyed completely its infra-structure more than eight times, for no reasons whatsoever, and displaced more than one million Lebanese citizens four times from south Lebanon.  Why?

What threat a defenseless Lebanon was to Israel if not for its resilience and complex social composition that make this State immune to accepting a virtual peace treaty?

Tiny Israel has more fighters plane of the latest versions (more than 500) than France; can tiny Israel, with no substantial economy to rely on, be able to afford such a fleet if it was not the mercenary military outpost State to the US Empire in the Middle East?

Tiny Israel, smaller than New Jersey, has more nuclear war heads than France (the same nation that provided Israel with its first central atomic capability in 1956).  Can tiny Israel with less than 5 million Jews be able to acquire such an arsenal if it was not the watchdog of the US Empire in the Middle East?

Tiny Israel, with no economy that matter, allocated more than two billion dollars to build a stupid barrier more than 800 km to separate itself from the Palestinians in order to convince its citizens that apartheid is an excellent policy.  Israel withheld needed budget to raising the standard of living of the poorer immigrants who have been struggling with their lethal mistake of coming to this forsaken land of crimes and terrors.

A Nation, a State, or a Redundant community? (November 17, 2008)

 

There are over 190 States recognized by the UN.  How many of these States can we establish to constitute Nations? Since the 19th century till today the world experienced “Nationalist” ideologies and most of the resistance movements to foreign invaders claim to be national resistance.  I will attempt to define the elements that characterize claim to a Nation by first enumerating what I consider to be Nations and then fine tune the progressive synthesis to capture the main characteristics.

Since antiquity and going strong till now I have in mind the following nations as category 1: China, India, Iran, and Egypt.  From the Medieval Age till now we have category 2: Russia, France, England, Sweden, Mexico, Morocco, and Turkey.  From the Renaissance till now we have category 3: USA, Japan, Germany, Italy, and Spain.  In the last century we accumulated the following nations in category 4: Brazil, Australia, Pakistan, Indonesia, South Africa, Nigeria, Norway, and maybe Canada.

The recent list of nations suggests that size of the population and then the size of the land are big factors.  I listed Canada for two reasons: the size of the land and the fact that the USA is guaranteeing its independence and economical prosperity.  The nations in category 4 are large enough in human and natural resources that they may survive blockades or natural calamities for an extended period if no external assistance is offered.  The large islands such as Indonesia, the Philippines and Australia are self contained and managed to form a rather homogeneous population in culture and tradition.

The nations in category 3 have earned their status as nations through arm struggle and reconstitution based on language and common culture.  The nations in category 2 have proven their endurance as entities through arm struggle and countless battles and revolutions to unify the population under one banner and one language.  Nations in category 1 are prime nations that constituted the foundations for all cultures and civilizations.  Ancient Iraq of the Babylonian, Assyrian, and Acadian civilizations could not hold their empires (which included the “Fertile Crescent” City-States in Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine) long enough without serious interruptions to be included as a nation.  Present Iraq had the potentials in human and natural resources for being inducted a full nation if it had avoided the invasions of the USA through democratic processes.

Thus, what are the elements that enhance the constitution of nations?

First, the geographic location with natural borders (such as deserts, high mountain ranges, large rivers) that limited foreign incursions, until our modern times.  (Islands such as England and Japan are prime examples)

Second, the construction of transport infrastructure to encourage trade and communication among communities.

Third, a formal and central language even if not all the population speaks it.

Fourth, a formal and central religion within a diversity of religions and sect.

Fifth, frequent arm struggles that unite the population under one banner and one central government.

Sixth, size of the resources in population and land that permit renewal of the energy after calamities and warfare.

 

If I missed a criterion, please remind me. For now I have listed 23 nations and I can foresee nations in the making such as Ukraine, Argentina, Poland, Viet Nam, Thailand, Mali, Philippines, and Malaysia which might enlarge the list to 31 nations. Yes, we have rich European States such as the Netherlands, Denmark, and Switzerland.  Yes, we have a few oil rich States such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Sudan, and Algeria but the stability of these societies for the duration are doubtful for now.  Maybe Algeria is a strong candidate with the guarantee of the European Union for its stability.

In short, I decided that we have 23 nations and 8 more potential nations and 6 super Nations (USA, China, India, Russia, Brazil, and the EU). The European Union is definitely a new type of generalized nation based on common culture, a culture that the “other people” would have the task of defining explicitly through the actions and policies of the EU.  That is fine and dandy; how to reach World Peace and Stability?  How to secure a viable and durable future for the next generation? Check my article “Sabbaticals for thinking”.


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