Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Internal market

The Secular Free Syria Nation Movement: A synthesis of a popular political resolution?

The “citizens” of the “independent” recognized States in the Middle East are not enjoying this UN status.

Since after WWII, the citizens in the States of Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Palestine and Kuwait have experienced calamities in military coup, dictatorship, absolute monarchies, civil wars, foreign preemptive wars and occupations…

If the citizens in each one of these States (recognized or not by the UN) has to fathom “What wrong with us”  and try to take stock of his strengths and weaknesses, his capabilities and limitations… the citizen will feel totally desolate, helpless and dillusioned about the future in any which way he projects himself in the future and the “State of Union“.

One excellent alternative is to consider the perspective of sharing the experiences of the last 8 decades among the citizens of these States, communicate our idiosyncrasies that we acquired for centuries, and reach a resolution for tight cooperation among all these States.

The political leaders in these countries mostly failed to walk the tight rope between affirming self-autonomy and negotiating the “interests” of the many former mandated powers.

The “citizens” in the Near East and Middle East (ME) in general, experienced many military coup d’états since 1949, and the kinds of democracies they expected were short-lived, baffled by the foreign colonial powers, which didn’t appreciate any forms of smooth transition of powers and the establishment of durable State institutions.

A century ago, the people in Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Syria and Iraq identified themselves as one people and called themselves Syrians, even if they had the Ottoman passport.

The colonial powers of France and England tried hard for over 2 centuries to deconstruct the unity of the Syrian people in their customs, traditions and life style: They succeeded in dividing the Syrian Nation into smaller States such as in Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan and Kuwait (supposedly based on religious sects), but failed in further subdivisions in Syria and Iraq, though the political will of the colonial powers was there.

The refusal of the people in Syria and Iraq to be citizens in small entities (sectarian cantons) foiled the grand strategy.

The colonial powers, including the US, the Soviet Union and the nascent Israeli State in the last half century, managed to destabilize these States for another century, prevented the establishment of democratic and institutional structures by various economic, military and political interventions.

And frequent preemptive wars, and frequent embargoes on foodstuff and financial transactions…

A popular political resolution among the secular political parties and associations is making inroads amid this tumultuous period of recurring civil wars and frequent superpower preemptive wars in this region.

A popular political resolution is fed up of the defunct notion of Arabic Nation and surely refuse this novelty of Islamic Umma, which is reminiscent of the archaic Arabic empires.

A popular political resolution is endeavoring for a long-term political and economic education:

1. Any military strike on any of these States is an aggression on every one of the 6 recognized States

2. Any military coup on a State is a foreign intervention in every one of the 6 States

3. Any set of economic and financial embargo on a State is an internal meddling with the 6 States

4. Every attack on the currency of a State is an attack on the currencies of the 6 States

The resolution is not meant to constitute a political entity, but a unity in the realization that targeting citizens in one State is targeting every one of the 60 million citizens in their dignity and daily welfare.

The resolution is to open up the internal market for the 60 million for free trade in order for emerging companies and industry to take off.

Otherwise, all the innovation, development, opportunities and intellectual potentials are vain without the support of a substantial internal market to boost any economy…

The trend is to encourage frequent meeting by parliaments and governments in the 6 States to negotiate legislation and decisions that open up the internal market of the 6 States and facilitate transport, communication and free travel of the citizens…

Internal Free-Trade Zones

Why free-trade zones?

Most of the recognized States by the United Nations in the Middle East were not naturally and normally constituted, and the borders are artificially delimited:

The States  were divided up by the mandatory European nations of Britain, France and the active participation of the USA, after the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire lost the war in the WWI by siding with Germany.

There are many ethnic, emotional, economic, linguistic, and historical intermingling and rivalries among these States, and free trade zones are transitional zones for frequent easy and efficient ways among the traders and companies to meet, mingle and share ideas and plans for the internal market.

The free trade zones ARE OPPORTUNITY FOR GOVERNMENT TO negotiate common trade laws and facilitate interrelationship

The internal free trade zones could be:

One: The Basra region between Iraq, Iran, and Kuwait could alleviate recurring conflicts.

Two: Between Iraq, Syria, and Jordan, where their frontiers intersect artificially, a free-trade zone would encourage commerce in that desolate area.

Three: Daraa, the Golan Heights and Houran between Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon share borders

Four: Between Syria and Lebanon there are potential two zones (the northern Lebanese frontiers of Akkar, and the south-eastern Bekaa Valley with Shebaa Farms).

Five: The Deir Zur region in north east Syria on the Euphrates River can be an good free zone between Iraq and Syria

I like to envision the creations of external free-trade zones among the States of Turkey, Iran, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, and Cyprus.

Since military confrontations are out of the question, and since daily trade and social relations are binding certain bordering zones then, creative alternatives should be studied to form viable trade zones that otherwise would be left unmanaged and precariously volatile.

First, between the States of Turkey and Syria there are many legitimate claims that should be resolved on their borders.  There is the possibility of several free-trade zones such as (Cilicia, Iskandaron, and Lazkieh (Latakieh)) and the Kurdish common zone of Hassakeh and Diar Baker and Van.

Second, between Turkey and Iraq there is an ideal free-trade zone in their common Kurdish region around Mosul.

Third, between Iraq and Iran two zones can be contemplated (the common Kurdish region, and the region around the Persian/Arabic Gulf).

Fourth, between Iraq, Iran, and Kuwait the Basra region could alleviate recurring conflicts.

Five:, Between Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, and Cyprus a free-trade zone in Cyprus would iron out differences and encourage maritime commerce and the oil production and processes.

What are the processes for initiating these free-trade zones?

After a period of three years of ironing out details and instituting regulations with special passports or identity cards for the inhabitants of the zones, then all the zones between two states can be merged.

It is only normal that contiguous zones common to three States could eventually be merged and a belt of uninterrupted contiguous zones would form the natural borders of the Middle East.

As was done in Europe, let commerce and industry form the basis for these zones, which should generate rational cooperative decisions for our future.

What kinds of Free-Trade Zones?

The concept of a free-zone is to create magnate cities, self-autonomous city, with laws and regulations agreed upon among the States.

Ultimately, an economic union could emerge, based on a set of procedures and processes that works, which form a firm ground to negotiating common interests, and disseminating common laws and regulations valid in the various lands.

The potential “Free trade zones” with neighboring States could be: in Iskandaron (Alexandretta) between Turkey and Syria on the coast,

Another one at the junction among Turkey, Iraq, and Syria (in the Kurdish populated zone),

Another one between Syria and Iraq in the desert region on the Euphrates River,

Another one among Jordan, Syria and Iraq, one in Gaza between Egypt and Palestine, and

One in Aqaba between Jordan, Saudi Kingdom and Egypt.

Read: Potential Free Trade Zones in the Syrian Nation: https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2008/12/02/free-trade-zones-in-the-middle-east/

Note 1: A partial map showing how the gas pipelines are meant to converge to Syria, bypassing Turkey, and why Saudi Kingdom and Qatar are angry that Assad refused their preconditions… Take three minutes to listen (3 minutes pour comprendre) : les enjeux énergétiques de la guerre en Syrie

Note 2: Mandated France attached Syrian lands to Turkey, the size of current Syria.

Note 3: Britain/France and USA created on purpose a colonial occupation entity in Palestine, named Israel

Is the Greek Crisis Over? Why this overwhelming silence in the news media?

The Greek crisis was not that confusing from the start: European politicians needed this normal crisis to take a world dimension.

1. The Greeks wants to remain in the Euro Zone and benefit from all the facilities extended by this vast market, especially the financial ease of borrowing and be able to travel without visas everywhere. Turkey was better positioned than Greece to join the Euro Zone, but for imaginary cultural affiliation to Europe, the European leaders forced Greece within the membership.

2. The Greeks refuse the stringent constraints imposed on them after the 2008 financial crisis.

3. The steady austere programs imposed on them to reform their institutions has taken its toll and its economy is unable to restart due to lack of Liquidity.

Remember Benjamin Franklin explanation of how the American colonies managed to expand their economy? It was because the colonies still had the right to issue money as their internal market expanded.

How to reach a satisfactory deal with Greece, a win-win deal that unburden the shoulders of most EU members?

1. Greece needs liquidity for its internal market to function and expand. The monopolistic right to print Euro is in the hand of Germany who is generating $5 billion just by printing new Euros. And Germany is not about to relinquish this manna and power status.

2. Short of printing rights of currency for the internal market, Central Europe Bank should consider issuing Euro B, earmarked for the internal usage of each member State.

3. Euro B will not be used for any export of goods or services. Only the main (Euro A) currency will be handled for export outside the Euro Zone and among the member States.

4. A special institution will study and analyse the necessary set of criteria that should trigger the issuing of Euro B for each internal market. When the internal market expand, more liquidity is injected. When the internal market shrinks, Euro B will be extracted from the market to keep inflation in check.

5. The Euro B will give each member State the implicit sense of autonomy and provide more incentive Not to transfer the blame to other States for their economic failure.

6. The internal liquidity problems will be the best Indicator to pre-empt future financial difficulties

The implicit enduring political colonial mind-set of the major power player in this Union says:

  1. We have been for centuries the first colonial powers before the current superpower existed
  2. We have been the first Capitalist nations that amassed wealth before the current capitalist nation existed
  3. We are the first to comprehend that pre-emptive wars to maintain economic supremacy is the main strategy for powerful nations
  4. We are Not about to bow to lesser economic States in the Union to dictate to us the world strategy via local democratic means such as Referendum
  5. 5. The lesser States have got to grasp the requirement to bow down to the higher developed States.

Unless the economic Liquidity problems are separated from higher political positions, Greece and other Union members are in deep trouble for many years to come.

Mind you that the Union decided on the single currency because they forecasted the financial crisis of 2008 and had no other alternative but to wait for the USA to announce the financial catastrophe.

The Euro was the best strategy to face the incoming distabilizing conditions.

Liquidity is meant for the Internal market. Competitiveness is for External market?

Should the level of “Life-Style” be the same among the competitive and the challenged productive states within a Union?

This is not a fair condition to impose on States that managed to sacrifice and work hard for better life conditions.

States in financial crisis must have ready lists of 4 categories of enterprises:

1. The public institutions that are critical in the smooth transmission of liquidity to the various economic sectors

2. The mixed State/Private entities that have locations in many regions of the State and employ many citizens

3. The nationwide private companies

4. The medium and small productive companies that serve their local provinces

It is well know that medium and small productive companies constitute 70% of State production that cater for the internal market needs.

Any shortage in liquidity in these small private companies  and employment hit the roof and the citizens experience shortages in most commodities.

Giving priority to the local economies in the distribution (infusion) of liquidity is the first step in preventing mass unemployment.

There are public economic sectors that cater to the general public needs, such as energy, water and transportation… and the stabilization of these functional sectors in matter of maintenance is another urgent priority.

Before the internal market is reinvigorated and underway, it is of no use planning for the export sections to external markets in order to get the influx of “hard currencies”

Stability and security are the basis for a shift toward State development.

Having the autonomy to print money in period of liquidity shortage is the key for stabilizing the internal market.

The disadvantage resides in the society structure that favor the oligarchy and wealth disparity that eliminate the benefit of printing more money.

The crisis in Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain and Italy have demonstrated that it is a priority that a State has to reform its public service institutions to discard redundant and politically influenced service appointments.

Without a drastic realization that the political structure should be reformed, and for actually feel the pain associated with uneven equal rights to jobs and opportunities in the institutions, all the remaining reforms will be within the “patching” process.

The crisis in Greece was deep rooted because it lacked the two preconditions: Lousy political structure and not having the right to print money.

Ireland, Portugal, Spain and Italy had political structures that could remedy to the “unfairly” political conditions and to reform the system within the single Euro currency.

The EU has learned the lesson:

1. First, the State that asks to join the union zone must demonstrate that it is serious to undertake political reforms and the structure be designed to react in timely manners to situations of political reforms.

Many States have been included based on historical and ideological “myths” that didn’t match their current unstable realities.

The EU dominant responsibility is to gradually transform the States who applied to join the union into politically viable structure.

The States in waiting must acknowledge that it takes time to achieve stable and valid political structure.

How a poor and unstable State can become competitive in the external market? This is an impossible condition to withhold liquidity infusion that is meant to support local companies.

The “productively challenged States” in the Euro zone should not expect the same level of life-style as the most competitive among them.

And equal rights in life-style is not an equitable and sustainable demand on State basis.

 


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

December 2020
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