Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘islam

Cases of Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya…

Are secular and national concepts anathema to Arab/Islamic spirit?

The successive “freer election” processes in the Arab/Islamic States that overturned dictator regimes are bringing in to power Islamic political parties, with almost landslides. 

In Morocco, Tunisia, and Egypt, where parliamentary elections have proceeded, the Islamic “Muslim Brotherhood” parties called “Party of Justice”, in emulation of the Turkish Islamic party in power, have captured no less than 40% of the votes. 

In Egypt, even the ultra-conservative Islam (the Wahhabi Saudi Arabia brand of extreme obscurantism) has come second to the “Muslim Brotherhood” party with about 25% of the votes…

The election laws and procedures are very complicated, favoring the political parties with heavy financial funding from foreign States such as Saudi Monarchy/ Arab Gulf Emirate States/USA..

.The Islamic parties are the best organized and have invested in rural areas for decades: Such as local schools, health services (dispensaries, hospitals…), social services for the poorer communities..

.Basically, filling the vacuum that regimes failed to cover and care for…

Religions in all States have the basic power of rallying the poorer classes and downtrodden around mythical concept that play on the hope of better life, if Not on earth, at least in heaven.

Islam is one of the religion that through daily praying practices assemble millions in specific location. These assemblies are perfect for propagating coded orders to elect specific candidates

Islam was founded on the dozens “Christian-Jewish” “Heretic sects” in the Near East

When the Byzantine Empire was established in Constantinople and adopted Christianity as an official religion, and later founded the “Orthodox Christian” sect as the religion of the empire in the mid of the 5th century, the hundreds of local based “christian sects” in Syria, Palestine and Lebanon were persecuted and had to transfer east of the Euphrates River (Persian Empire), the Arabian Peninsula, and further toward China.

The Prophet Muhammad was a member of one of those “Jewish-Christian” sect in Mecca and Islam was almost a copy/paste of the local Bible they used in Mecca, mainly most of the Jewish mythical stories, their prophets, and their customs.

The message of Jesus, his parables, his miracles…were barely mentioned in the modified/edited/transformed Koran assembled during the third Caliph Uthman bin Affan (From the Quraysh tribe of Mecca and one of Muhammad son-in-laws).

Many parchemins were discarded, buried, displaced or burned and the verses of the Koran were grouped according to length instead of their chronological order.

While the disciples of Jesus were trapped and huddled in Jerusalem after the crucifixion of Christ, St.Paul was touring Syria, Turkey, Greece, all the way to Rome, and founding “Christian” communities. St.Paul was flexible in the matter of circoncision and considered it was Not necessary for the new converts to be circumcised. The basic condition for St.Paul was that they believe that Jesus was resurrected, otherwise, there was no viable basis to be considered Christian.

The disciples in Jerusalem, and headed and guided by Jacob, the elder brother of Jesus and Not even a disciple, dispatched Peter to follow the trails of St.Paul and pressure the Christian communities to be circumcised…

As the Jews in Jerusalem started to revolt against the Roman Empire, the disciples fled in many directions. The first phase was to return to their hometowns in the Tyr region and Upper Galilee and off to Egypt, Turkey, Arabian Peninsula, Ethiopia, and even to current Pakistan (St.Thomas, Peter, Jacob, Bartholomew, Andrew, Marc… )

The disciples founded their own sect communities, with their own Bibles, customs, traditions and daily antics practised by the conservative Jews. The disciple of the community re-edited the message and stories about Jesus and crammed it with the stories of the Jewish mythologies.

For example, the women had their separate quarters, had to wear the veil, and Not participate with the males in the community events. Many of these communities wore the white robes, were vegetarians and never purchased any food from outside the community.

Basically, Bizantium decided to accept only 4 New Testaments and ordered the burning of the local Bibles used by these “heretic sects”. Essentially, bibles that smacked of plainly a copy/paste of the Torah/Jewish Bibles were burned and the sects persecuted out of the empire.

Consequently, when Islam conquered Syria, Iran, Egypt and expanded its territories, those “heretic” Christian sects didn’t find much variations between the Koran and their teachings. They converted to Islam easily, especially they would Not pay Taxes as Muslims (Jezyi), compared to the other “Orthodox” sects.

At the end of the Umayyad dynasty, the Non-Muslims diminished drastically and taxes collected were Not enough to replenish the treasury. Thus, various kinds of taxes were enacted that galvanized Muslims outside of Damascus to rebel.

The rebellious regions were far away from Damascus such as in Iraq, Iran, North Africa and also in northern Syria such as in Aleppo and Turkey.

Military campaigns were too costly to undertake and re-established the central control.

Note 1: We owe it to the Muslim Shia communities in South Lebanon and Jabal Amel to have maintained the “hometown stories” of Jesus, Mary, Peter, Jacob, Omran, Hanneh (Hanna)… where they were born, raised and buried. For example, the story spread by the Vatican of the martyrdom of St.Peter, crucified upside down, is probably a myth.

For example, The “hometown story ” says that in the year 64, Peter fled Rome after Nero escalated his persecution of the Christian, and settled in Babylon by the River Euphrates for a while.

Peter wrote a letter to the community of Karkisia by the Euphrates River.  Peter travelled to Palestine and when the Jewish revolt (66 to 70 AC) started persecuting the Christian, Peter fled to Northern Galilee (Tyr district) in 67, but the Jews followed him to his hometown of Shamaa and killed him by a blow on the head. Peter was 77 year-old, or in the year 67.

The community of his ancestors in Hamoul buried him there by his mother in the town of Shamaa, which is short for Shimon.  

Peter was born around 10 BC and lived in the town of 7amoul or (Hamoun) near the village of Naqoura in South Lebanon.  Peter’s father was Hamoun Bin Ama in the town still known as Hamoul where he is buried.

Simon, Peter…is also known as Shimon Safa in the town of Shama3 (Shamaa) near the city of Tyr. Safa means the lean stone in Arabic, Kifa in Syriac, and Peter in Greek. Thus, the Rock as Jesus is claimed to have named him to build his Church.

Hamoun had two sisters: Hanneh (Hanna) and Elizabeth. Hanneh married Omran and gave birth to Mary. The mother of Peter is the sister of Omran.

Note 2: If there were many “Christian” martyrs in the first decades, it is mainly because the converts were dead convinced that Jesus will resurrect them after their death, the third day of them passing away.

“One hundred fallacies on the Middle East (ME)”by Fred Halliday

Posted on October 22, 2008 and written in March 200

I read this book in Arabic and translated it as accurately as I could. I will try to enumerate as concisely as feasible what the author Fred Haliday considers as the 100 fallacies on the Middle East.

Most of the explanations are less than half a page of small format, so I would consider these fallacies as work in progress and sometimes indeterminate for lack of development, except the basic notion that we are no different than many underdeveloped people.

1.  The Middle East (ME) is backward; the coded terminologies used in the modern States should be understood differently in that region; three pages;

2.  The people in the ME lack the sense of humour; three pages;

3.  The current wars in the ME are extensions to previous wars; less than a page;

4.  The part of history that interests the ME is in the past; less than half a page;

5.  Social conduct could be explained through the particularities of each country; half a page;

6.  Specific European States have special relationship with the Arab World;

7.  The Arabs are desert people;

8.  The antagonism of the Arabs toward “colonial implanted” Israel is a continuation to the European anti-semitism attitude; barely a page;

9.  Since Arabs and Jews are both “semites” (whatever that means) then their enmity is different from the European racist behavior; one page;

10.  The Mossad (Israel CIA type) had previous warnings of the 9/11 attack and informed the Jews not to go to work on that day; half a page;

11.  The media coverage of the Arab World increased drastically with the launching of “Al-Jazeera” channel; one page;

12.  There is one Formal Arabic language spoken in the Arab world; less than a page; (actually, people in each State communicate in their slangs that are Not rooted in Arabic)

13.  The language of the Koran has displaced all the spoken languages in the ME; (The biggest fallacy of all)

14.  The Modern Hebrew language is a rejuvenated version of the Tora;

15.  The Kurds are one people and speak one language; one page;

16.  Variations in slangs are a good yardstick to differentiate nationalities; one page;

17.  A set of laws extracted from Islam govern the politics in the ME; half a page;

18.  The West had exhibited hostility toward Islam centuries ago; one page;

19.  We are witnessing an era where the struggle among cultures is displacing international relations; one page;

20.  Islamophobia is resultant from the switching from the communist threat to another scapegoat; half a page;

21.  The policies in the ME were the fruit of coordinated strategies by the West; half a page;

22.  The dilemma of the ME can be explained by the negative implications of the struggle with Israel on its democracy and social change; barely a page;

23.  The States of governance can be explained by the despotic Eastern or Asiatic traditions build around old fashion structures; half a page;

24. The ME societies seem immune to external transformations and whatever reforms are undertaken is purely nominal; half a page;

25.  The backward economic and political institutions in the ME can be explained by the policies of the West to plunder oil in the most convenient manners; title longer than explanation;

26.  Oil was the cause of modern conflicts in this region; half a page;

27.  The US and Gread Britain invaded Iraq for its rich reserves in oil; half a page;

28.  Iraq was invaded because Saddam had vast inventories of weapons of mass destruction; one page;

29.  It is feasible to reduce the reliance on the Gulf oil by developing the oil fields in Khasakistan, Azerbijan and the Kazween Sea; one page;

30.  The sources of fresh water will be the next struggle in the ME; one page;

31.  We can be fairly sure of the data produced in the oil industry concerning the ME even though there is lack of confidence in the data for everything else; barely a page and a half;

32.  The problem of the ME in this era of globalization can be summarized in the fact that this region has been alienated from the World Economy and needs further linkage; one page;

33.  The state of affairs in the ME must be explained through the impact of traditional values and its failure to mesh with the international laws; half a page;

34.  The ME is witnessing the emergence of civil society since the 90’s due to globalization; one page;

35.  Saudi Kingdom and Kuwait have feudal systems; one page;

36.  The ME States are supported by the outside powers while maintaining despotic systems internally, without any consideration for the people’s movements; half a page;

37.  There are no classes in the ME according to the definition of Marxism, which might have explained this region; one page;

38. Islam does not separate State from religion as understood by the West; one page;

39. We must view the economic performance in the ME as related to the religious laws; one page;

40.  The resolution of our problems can be solved by applying the “economics of Islam”; barely one page;

41.  The Islamic bank system is experiencing resurgence which forbit the believers taking interest on their deposits; a page and a half;

42.  We can explain the roots of the despotic States in the ME to the constant interference of the Western powers; half a page;

43. “Do not blame Arafat”; a page and a half;

44.  The Gulf Cooperation Council was created in 1981 to strengthen the complementarity among the Gulf States; half a page;

45.  The US encouraged Saddam to invade Kuwait in 1990, through its representative April Gillepsy; one page;

46.  “Peace” returned to Lebanon after the Taif agreement in 1989; less than half a page;

47.  It is possible to divide the States in the ME between the legitimate and deep rooted States from the created ones by the colonialists; half a page;

48.  The ME was divided among 20 States without the consent of the Arabs who explained these divisions by the policy of “Scater and Rule” adopted by the West; a page and a half;

49.  The Western policy in the Arab Gulf is based on Winston Churchil’s principle “Feed the Arabs and let the Persians go hungry”; less than half a page;

50.  We could interpret the policies of the States around the Caucasus and the Kazwin Sea as an extension of the “Big Game” that was played out in the 19th century by the powerful neighboring countries; half a page;

51. The ME is among the developing countries that suffered most from the “Cold War”; half a page;

52.  The Soviet Union conquered Afghanistan in 1979 in order to reach the warm Indian Ocean; barely a page;

53.  The Islamic Moujahideen defeated the Soviets in the eighties; one page;

54.  The lawlessness and disorganization that spread in Afghanistan in the nineties was due to the lack of interest of the West in that region, after the withdrawal of the Soviet troops; one page;

55.  We might interpret the interest of the Soviet for the Gulf in the seventies to its diminishing oil production; one page;

56.  The Palestinian Resistance Movement under Arafat was a tool that the Soviet used during the Cold War to acquire a strong presence in the ME; a page and a half;

57.  The Iranian revolution was the work of the the Soviet, the British BBC, the Afghanistani Mullas and the traders in the bazars; one page;

58.  The Shah of Iran was deposed in 1979 after the USA decided that he is no longer of good use to her interest in the region; one page;

59.  Israel received a critical aid from the US in the 1967 war in order to convey a strong message to al the Soviet allies at that time such as Indonisia, Ghana, Algeria and Greece; half a page;

60.  Egypt waged the 1973 war against Israel with the total support of the Soviet as a counter attack for the 1967 defeat and from which the Soviet managed to win the revolutions in Ethiopia (1974), Viet Nam, Laos, Cambodia, and Angola (1975), Afghanistan, Iran, and Nicaragua (1979); title longer than text;

61.  The Arabs used oil as a weapon in the seventies to support the Palestinian cause; one page;

62.  The 70,000 strong Egyptian army deployed by Jamal Abdel Nasser lost the war in Yemen (1962-1967); barely a page;

63.  The ME armies offered modern elite men in the fifties and sixties; half a page;

64.  The military coups that ended the Royal families in many States freed the people from political despotism; half a page;

65.  The Iraqi Baath Party was a radical and anti-imperialist movement; half a page;

66.  The ME people did not show any affinity to communism because of the “atheistic nature” of Marxism; a page and a half;

67.  Zionism or the establishment of a Jewish State in the ME was a Western strategy to partition the Arab and Islamic World; half a page;

68.  The Arab States created a Palestinian Idendity to pressure Israel; one page;

69.  Israel was established as “Light to the Nations”; one page and a half;

70.  Israel is Not a colonial or expansionist State; one page and a half;

71.  The Balfour pledge to establish a Jewish homeland in 1917 was a consequence of the pressures that the British Jews affected on its government to support Zionism; title longer than text;

72.  Zionism in 1897 did not intend to establish a Jewish State; half a page;

73.  The goals of the nationalist movements in Azerbijan and Kurdistan in the fourties were to seceed from Iran; one page;

74.  We need to recognize the importance of “Laurence of Arabia” for the consequences that befell the ME after the First World War; one page;

75. The Western States were against a stable and independent Turkey and they fomented separatist movements such as the Cypriote, Greek, Armenian, and Kurdish; one page;

76.  The Islamic World is adopting a political structure that was built during the prophet Mohammad and his Rashidine successors; title longer than text;

77.  We can understand the modern political and social evolutions in the ME through the ancient struggles such as the Median (Furse), Adnan, Kahtan, Sunna, Shia, the White tribes, and the Green tribes; half a page;

78.  The people and States in this region are still fighting ancient wars that are thousand of years old; half a page;

79.  Christianity, Islam and Jewdaism are considered “religions of peace” based on their Holy teachings; half a page;

80.  A second concept considers these three religions as “religions of war”; half a page;

81.  We can interpret the behavior of the ME States and their people by referring to a set of ancient holy stricptures verses; half a page;

82.  Ancient scriptures, considered as written by God, legitimize the contemporary political and social aspirations in governance and national identity; title longer than text;

83. We cannot logically consider the Land or the written words in the srciptures as holy; half a page;

84.  Jerusalem was for centuries a holy city for the three main religions in the ME and should have a separate status, or a variation that is related to historical legitimacy; one page;

85.  It is possible for laws extracted from divine scriptures to form clear basis and a workable one with modern laws; one page;

86.  The issue with Islam is that it needs reform; one page and a half;

87.  For religious reasons, the Muslims have hard time accepting or accommodating non-muslim governance; half a page;

88.  Islam is the religion of the desert; half a page;

89. Islam forbids alcoholic beverages; one page;

90.  Women must put the veil and cover their hair; a page and a half;

91.  The original religions and those interpreted in the right way provide equality to both gender and sometime a higher status to women; half a page;

92.  The Arab conquest of Iran in the seventh century imposed a religion not compatible with the one practiced in Iran; one page;

93.  The whole Arabian Peninsula before Islam was renowned to be typically backward and referred to as “Jahiliya”; one page (Actually, Jahel means someone who was Not exposed to the Bible)

94. Historical facts concerning Jesus are extracted from the four Evangiles; one page;

95. A Jewish State, according to the Tora, cannot admit living in a non-Jewish land; half a page;

96. The Bahai doctrine, created in Iran in the mid 19th century, is not religious but a political movement and thus, should not be given religious privileges in the ME; one page;

97.  Komeini made a “Fatwa” against Selman Rushdi in 1989 for his novel “The Satanic Verses”; three pages;

98.  A resolution for the cultural and civilization struggle could be found within the “religious dialogue” framework; one page;

99.  A new ME is about to be created in this century; a page and a half;

100. Force is the only means that the ME people comprehend; one page.

Note: There are a number of common expressions used lately by the media such as Arabicide, containment, the Akond of Swat, Bin Liner, Groupthink, slam dunk case, mouvance, Deobandi, towelhead, refusenik,

silver bullet, steganography, sexed-up information, cakewalk campaign, ground zero, corkscrew journalism, muscled behavior, imperial hubris, grief gap, fakhabochik or vahabochik (related to the Wahhabit sect of Saudi Kingdom),

mochila bomba, posse, smoking Saddam out, cojones, great game, brigade 005, blowback agents, Castle Catholic, West Brit, the Red Sea Terror Triangle, trenes de la muerte, Of ME appearance (OMEA), Operation Enduring Freedom, pundit or pandita and so on.

Is it true that Islam claims that Jerusalem and Palestine belong to the sons of Israel?

Note: I don’t personally give a hoot about all religions and their violent mythological stories. More so because their stories have no sense of humor, but rankle the reflective mind of humans. What can I do if I feel submerged with mounds of craps from all these thousands of religious sects “heretical” pronouncement of the other sects.

I have occasionally to react and comments in order to liberate my suffocating body and breath some fresh air of freedom of rational and reflective opinions.

I will post many footnotes at the end of the article.

Now, in content and context, the author Muhammad Mazoughi, wrote that (current) Koran distributed around the Islamic world is basically edited and transformed by (learned Jews who pretended to convert to Islam at the beginning of the earliest caliphs).

It is evident from his research that the (current) Koran can be read as basically a Jewish Bible since all its stories are copied from the Jewish book/Talmud and pleases the Jewish messages.

In many verses, if you change Koran by the “Jewish Bible” you’ ll be reading a carbon copy sentences.

The author is faced with two choices: Either the Koran is trying to correct the “heretical Jews” who became Hellenistic in their culture, or the Koran is trying to “educate” the bedouin “Arabs” to the Jewish messages.

The author sides with the first option since Muhammad was a member of a “Christian-Jewish” sect labeled “heretical” by the Byzantine empire.

The current Koran has but despise and harsh pejorative qualifications for the “Arabs” and regards the Jewish Prophets as his guiding rod, especially Moses who vanquished the Egyptians.

The Koran never mentioned a single prominent “Arab”, poet, scholar…Just eyes and admiration for countless mythological Jewish characters

Jesus, his message, Not a single parable stories of Christ (the best teaching method in the Syrian culture), his life, his miracles… are Not included in the Koran.

The only character that the Koran admire is the “Virgin” Mary. Kind of adopting the tradition that mothers are the only source for Jewishness and Jewish identity.

The author says that the Muslims have two choices:

  1. Either drop the current versions of the Koran and re-edited it according to researched studies that accommodate to the bedouin customs and traditions in the Arabian Peninsula at the period of the Prophet, or
  2. Just idiotly take the easy way out by being subjugated to the Zionist/Israeli dictat and religious ideology.

(Although Muhammad lead many caravans to Damascus and must have been impregnated by the customs and traditions of the people in the Syrian Land, the Koran never mentioned the Palestinians or any other civilization of the period)

سالني احد متابعي في الفيسبوك
لماذا القرآن يتكلم عن اعطاء الأرض المقدسة لبني إسرائيل؟
وكان جوابي: مؤلف القرآن حاخام يهودي ويتجاهل تماما سكان تلك المنطقة الأصليين

وقد تكلمت عن هذا الموضوع مع صديقي محمد المزوغي، أستاذ الفلسفة في روما ومؤلف عدد من الكتب قدمت بعضها في الحوار المتمدن
فتكرم بإرسال النص التالي مقتبس من كتاب له سوف يصدرا لاحقا، انقله لكم بكل أمانة بعد اذنه، دون الهوامش
عنوان نصه
يهودية الإسلام ووعوده الإسرائيلية
———————-
يهودية الإسلام
ووعوده الإسرائيلية

تماهى كاتب القرآن مع اليهود إلى درجة أنه اعتبر نفسه مِنهم وأن رسالته جاءت خصّيصا إليهم، والقولة الغريبة التي سنستشهد بها لاحقا قادرة أن تَقْطَع نهائيا شكوك مُرَتّلي القرآن المُصابين بأفيون الإيمان، وأن تَفتح أعينهم على حقيقة صادمة لكنها مُحرّرة،

وهي أن كاتب القرآن يهودي وحامل رسالة إصلاح يهودية. ولقد تفطّن بعض المؤرخين واللاهوتيّين اليهود، منذ وقت بعيد إلى هذا الأمر، ولم يُخفوا حتى امْتنانهم لما فعله نبيّ الإسلام في سبيل نشر التوحيد اليهودي وبَثّه في أرجاء العالم.

فهذا المؤرخ الألماني هاينريش غرايتس (Graetz) في كتابه تاريخ اليهود (Geschichte der Juden)، يقول إن الدعوة اليهودية التي حصلت بين القبائل العربية قد كَسبت لِصفّها رجلا كان تأثيره عميقا على مسار تاريخ الشعوب، ويستمر في التأثير إلى يومنا هذا على العديد من الأمم.

ثم يضيف «إن التعاليم الأولى لمحمد تحمل الصّبغة اليهودية بالكامل (ganz und gar eine jüdische Färbung) … لقد وضع كقاعدة لدِينِه المبدأ الأساسي لليهودية: “لا إله إلا الله” … أن يصرّح شخص كما فعل محمد بأن الاله الذي يُبشّر به ليس له شريك (ضد عقيدة التثليث “Antitrinität”)، وأنه لا يريد أن يُعبَد على أي صورة مادية …

ثم الاعتراف بأن هذه التعاليم ليست جديدة لكنها تنتمي إلى ديانة إبراهيم القديمة، فهذا يعني التأكيد العَلَنِي لانتصار اليهودية وتحقيق هذه النبوءة “سيأتي اليوم الذي تَنْثَني فيه كل رُكْبة أمام الله الواحد، وكل فم سيشهد له” …

إن أفضل جزء من القرآن هو ذاك المنقول عن التوراة والتلمود”.

هذا ما فهمه اليهود من الإسلام، وما أدركوه من مهمّة رسول الإسلام، وهم مُحقّون في ذلك لأن كل المعطيات المُتَوَفِّرة، وكل الخطابات المتضمَّنة في هذا الدين وفي كتابه نابعة من ذهنية يهودية، متشبّعة بالتلمود ومُعادية للمسيحية بشراسة.
ماذا تقولون في شخص يُصرّح لكم بهذه الجملة التّقريريّة: (إنّ هذا “الكتاب” يَقُصّ على بني إسرائيل أكثر الذي هم فيه يختلفون)؟ أوّلُ ما

يتبادر إلى الذّهن هو أن هذا الكلام مُوجّه إلى مجموعة خاصة (بني اسرائيل)، وأنه يقصد من ورائه فضّ مشاكل عقائدية تتعلّق بهذه المجموعة المضيّقة دون غيرها (فيه مختلفون).

الآن ضعوا مكان كلمة “كتاب” في الجملة أعلاه، كلمة “القرآن” فستُصْدَمون حينما تعلمون أنكم أمام جملة تقريرية من سورة النمل: (إنّ هذا القرآن يَقصّ على بني إسرائيل أكثر الذي هم فيه يختلفون).

السؤال: أين هم العرب من هذه الرسالة؟ إلى من بُعِث هذا الرجل تحديدا؟ ومَن قائل هذا الكلام وإلى أي مِلّة ينتمي؟

ولماذا حصر مُهمّته في هذه المجموعة بالذات؟

أسئلة عديدة ومُحْرجة، لن تجدوا أجوبتها في تواريخ السيرة التي كتبها المسلمون، ثم قاموا بتنقيحها وفسخ ارتباطاته باليهود، لكنها تجد الأجوبة الشافية الحقيقية من خلال القرآن والقرآن فقط.

قلت إن مرجعه الأكبر والمفضّل حتى على صدق نُبوّته لم يجده إلا عند اليهود، وبالتالي فالمسألة تدور بين يهود/يهود، ومن هنا نفهم هذه القولة المُربكة جدا والتي مغزاها أن ما يقوله مُستمدّ من كتب اليهود بشهادة يهودي: (وشهد شاهد من بني إسرائيل على مثله).

فالرّجل مفتون بشخصيات التوراة ويرى أنهم النموذج الأمثل الذي يجب الالتحاق به والسّيْر على هديه. فهو لا يعرف سواهم من الرجال، وكأن الشعوب العربيّة عاقر لم تلد أي قائد كبير مثل حنبعل، أو ملكة عظيمة مثل زنوبيا، أو شاعر كبير مثل امرئ القيْس؛

العرب لا وجود لهم في ذاكرة محمد ولا ذكر لهم في قِصَصه، بل هم محلّ كراهية وازدراء: يسمّيهم الأعراب ويصفهم بصفات مشينة: (أشد كفرا ونفاقا … الخ)،

ويسخر منهم ومن معالمهم الدينية، ويتهجّم على آلهتهم: (ولا تذرنّ ودّاً ولا سواعاً ولا يغوث ويعوق ونسرا)، لكن وَيْحَهم لو شكّوا في وجود إلوهيم التوراة أو استهانوا بتعاليم التلمود.

وعلى العكس من ذلك فهو يُغدِق المدائح لبني إسرائيل، ويَجْزل التقدير والاجلال لأحبار اليهود والحاخامات وصولا إلى الكَتَبة وهي أدنى مرتبة في المدراش. ثمة فقط في ذهنه إسرائيل وأنبياء إسرائيل وشعب إسرائيل، فهم القدوة والصّروح الكبرى والرموز العليا التي يجب أن يَلتَحق بها هو وأتباعه.

فكاتب القرآن لا يعرف إلاّ بني اسرائيل ولا يبجّل إلاّ العائلة المقدسة، إبراهيم وبَنِيه، وليس لديه من قِبْلَة مُقدّسة غير أورشليم التي لا يذكرها بالاسم لأنها واضحة بذاتها لمُستمعيه، يكتفي بتسميتها “البيت” كما يسميها اليهود.

ولكن لا يقل افتتانا بموسى وإنجازاته الأسطورية لصالح بني إسرائيل، وأعماله العدوانية ضد المصريين، وللاطلاع على ذلك فما عليكم إلاّ أن تقرؤوا سورة البقرة، فهي تروي بالتفصيل، مع تلوينات تلمودية، قصة موسى، والملفت أنه انضم إلى اليهود، وابتلع عداءهم الدائم للمصريّين، وصادَقَ على سحق الفلسطينيين.

ما لنا وما لإبراهيم؟ مَن هو إسحاق ومن هو يعقوب؟ ما لنا وما لهذا القوم؟ ما دخْلنا بهم؟ من سَمعَ بهم؟ من يعرفهم؟ ثم مَن أنت الذي تُحدّثنا عن هذه الأصنام؟

ربما هذا هو رد المُخاطَبين في عصره، ثمة ما يؤيده في القرآن نفسه. لكننا هنا أمام سّر غامض: من هو المتكلّم؟ ومَع مَن يتحدّث؟

حلّان لا ثالث لهما: إمّا أنه يهودي يخاطب يهودا، ضَعُف إيمانهم وتخلّوا عن يهوديتهم وأصبحوا هيلينستيّين مُلحدين، أو أنه يهودي يخاطب عرباً ويحاول أن يُلقّنهم تاريخ اليهود المقدس، يريد أن يحوّلهم إلى اليهودية ويبث فيهم مآثرها وتعاليمها المقدسة.

لهذيْن الخيارين ثمة مؤيّدات في القرآن ذاته،

لكن أحيانا الأولى تتغلب على الثانية، ودليلنا هو أنه من عظماء العرب لم يذكر اسما واحدا، ولا أشار إليهم ولا حتى فكّر فيهم، همّه مُرَكّز فقط على مآثر أنبياء بني إسرائيل. أمّا صِلَتُه بالعرب فهي تتلخص في شيء واحد: اللّغة (نسبيّا وباحتراز لأنه لا يُتقنها جيدا، اسْتنجد بمُترجم هو نفسه لا يُتقنها فسقط في أخطاء فظيعة)؛

وما عدا ذلك فهو يحتقرهم، يسمّيهم الأعراب، ويقول إنهم كفار ومنافقين. لماذا إذن يَتمزّى عليهم باللغة؟ ما الشيء الذي يَطلبُه منهم؟ مَطلبه العاجل هو تجْنيد مرتزقة لغزو فلسطين والاستحواذ على القدس، وإعادة بناء الهيكل.

(تماماً كما تُجنّد اسرائيل الآن مرتزقة لمحاربة سوريا ومصر).

وإذا كنتم في ريب من يهودية كاتب القرآن ويهودية دعوته فإليكم هذه المعطيات الدامغة من صلب القرآن ذاته. لقد بلغ به التمجيد لقومه الإسرائيليين مَبلغا لا نَجِدُه إلاّ في الأدبيات التّلمودية المعاصرة له: فهو يرى أن بني إسرائيل يملكون إرثا تاريخيا عظيما، لا يملكه أي شعب آخر في العالم، ذلك أن الله جازاهم عن صبرهم بتوريثهم أرض الشرق الأوسط كلّها، بل وأبعد منها. وهذه شهادة ملكيّة أصليّة ومَجانيّة نازلة عليهم من إله القرآن نفسه: “وأورثنا القوم الذين كانوا يُستضعفون مشرق الأرض ومغربها التي باركنا فيها وتمّت كلمة ربّك الحُسنى على بني إسرائيل بما صبروا”.

لاحظوا كيف يزوّر التاريخ ويستعطف القلوب متحدّثا عن استضعافهم وعن صبرهم دون أن يذكر ما فعله بنو إسرائيل في الكنعانيين، ويصمت على المجازر التي اقترفوها ضد الفلسطينيين.

إذن إيلوهيم التوراة ـ القرآن وَرّثَ اليهود أراضٍ شاسعة، ليس من النّيل إلى الفرات كما يُقال، وإنما أوسع من ذلك بحيث أصبحت تقريبا تمتدّ من جنوب إيران إلى شمال إفريقيا كلها، وهذه الرقعة تنطبق بالضبط على خريطة توسّعات الفتوحات الإسلامية التي لم تفعل سوى تحقيق هذا الحلم اليهودي.

لقد كان إله القرآن سخيّا للغاية مع هذا الشعب الغازي، ولكنه نسي السكان الأصليين، ولم يتفوّه في حق الفلسطينيين، أصحاب الأرض، ولو بكلمة واحدة أو إشارة من قريب أو بعيد: الفلسطينيون، بالنسبة إليه، غير موجودين بتاتا، فهو يترفّع عليهم ترفّعاً، ولا يرى أيّ دافع لأن يُلطّخ فاه حتى بتسميتهم.

لكن مع الإسرائيليين فالأمر مختلف: إن اهتمامات إله القرآن وخَيْراته كلها سَكَبها على شعب بني إسرائيل، وقد فكّر حتى في تظليله لحمايته من حرارة الشمس، ثم توفير المياه الصالحة للشراب بتفجير العيون لأجله ومضاعفة الخيرات وملذّات الأكل بما لا يتصوّره العقل: “وظلّلنا عليهم الغَمام وأنزلنا عليهم المنّ والسلوى كلوا من طيّبات ما رزقكم”.


أكلٌ وشربٌ ورَغدُ عيشٍ وتوريثُ أرض شاسعة جدّا، يعني إشباعا تاما للجانب المادي من الحياة الحاضرة، بقيت الوعود المستقبلية، وحتى في هذا الشأن فهو لم يبخل عليهم بكَرَمه. لقد وعدهم إله القرآن وعدا صادقا بإرجاعهم إلى فلسطين، الأرض المقدسة، وبناء الهيكل من جديد.

أرجوكم تمعّنوا في هذه الجملة: “فإذا جاء وعد الأَخَرَة [يعني الوعد الثاني] ليَسوؤوا وجوهكم ولِيَدخلوا المسجد كما دخلوه أوّل مرة”. لاحظوا أنّ كَلِمة “أخَرَة” التي استعملها كاتب القرآن هي كلمة عِبْرية وتعني الثاني في الترتيب، ولها مدلول لاهوتي معروف في الأدبيات المِسْيانية اليهودية.

إن هذا الكلام يستحق وقفة تأمل جدّية من طرف المسلمين قاطبة، فهو كلام خطير للغاية على الواقع الراهن لأنه يقتلع من الجذور القضية الفلسطينية ويُضفي مشروعية على دعاوى الصهاينة الاسرائيليين والانجيليّين الأمريكان من ضرورة بناء الهيكل الثاني في انتظار قدوم المُخلّص.

لم تُثر مثل هذه الأفكار الصهيونية في المسلمين أي تساؤل، لم يَتعمّقوا فيها ولا حدسوا استتباعاتها، ولا حتى أدركوا مدى تغلغل الروح الصهيونية في مَن دوّنها وروّج لها في كتابه. لكن كل من له دراية باللاهوت التوراتي والتاريخ الصهيوني يستطيع بيُسْرٍ أن يضع هذا الخطاب في إطاره المناسب.

نصيحتي للمسلمين: إذا أردتم أن تتحدثوا عن القضية الفلسطينية فتَخَلّوا عن هذا القرآن، اخرجوا من هذا الإسلام، اكفروا بهذا الدين لأنه سبب نَكْبتكم وعلّة بلاءكم.

وإن أبَيْتم إلاّ المكوث فيه فاستسلموا لتعاليمه، وقدّموا مفاتيح بلدانكم الواحدة تلو الأخرى لبني إسرائيل وقولوا لهم كما قال القرآن: “يا قوم ادخلوا الأرض المقدسة التي كتب الله لكم”.

د. محمد المزوغي
أستاذ الفلسفة. روما

——–
مدير مركز القانون العربي والإسلامي http://www.sami-aldeeb.com
طبعتي العربية وترجمتي الفرنسية والإنكليزية والإيطالية للقرآن بالتسلسل التاريخي وكتابي الأخطاء اللغوية في القرآن وكتبي الأخرى: https://www.sami-aldeeb.com/livres-books

Note 1: The initial parchemins discovered of the Quran had No punctuations whatsoever and none of the zillion accents and embellishment later used to write the Koran. In that case, the Koran was opened to all kinds of interpretation, except if it is compared to the meaning of the Bible.

Note 2: The Quran was edited several times, and especially during the third Caliph Uthman Bin Affan, and many verses and parchemens were discarded and burned to satisfy the new purpose of aggrandizing, expanding the empire. and reaping all the available taxes. My conjecture, it is in that period that a few “learned Jews” who had “converted” to Islam were in charge of collecting, categorizing and editing the verses

Note 3: Aicha, the youngest wife of the Prophet was the most educated and versed in the message. Actually, she could be practically considered the First Imam, since people flocked to listen to her versions of the many falsehoods spreading like wildfire. Aicha responded to questions and rectified the opinions related to women rights that paternalistic leaders were trying to usurp.

Note 4: Abolishing pictures, icons and music in Islam is a reaction to the “heretical” adoption of the central version of Christianity by the the Byzantine empire. Actually, reading the Quran you feel that No abstract concepts are accepted such as the Virginity of Marie, the trinity gods of God/Jesus/ Holy Spirit…. You think that the Quran was meaning to grab the pragmatic mentality of the bedouin tribes so that they can assimilate the New Message (a copycat of the Jewish conservative Bible).

It is this absolute abstract concept of “One God and only God” that was the reason for so many internal wars to subjugate the tribes. The bedouin was used to discard and destroy one of the idols when the idol failed to satisfies his wishes and desires.

Note 5: The Jews in the town of Yathreb, later becoming Al Madina or the first City-State of the Muslims, were very apprehensive of this new sect. Muhammad was lenient in their first defeat as they rallied with the tribes of Mecca, the Quraich clans. He allowed them to leave with all their wealth: a long column of camels and caravans vacated several hundred miles away. The second time around, Muhammad was cruel: he decapitated scores of the fighting Jews and captured all their wealth and properties. In the same time, Muhammad opted to re-direct the paying target toward Mecca instead of Jerusalem. For some reason, Muhammad ordered Ali and a second son-of-law to participate in the decapitation. Currently, the Jews regard Ali as a Demon and the sects that follow Ali as nemesis. Apparently, the Wahhabi sect in the Arabian Peninsula are the Jews who converted to Islam with latent hatred.

Note 6: The Egyptian Ibrahim Pasha conducted a protracted war on the Wahhabi in the 19th century and managed to erase their city headquarter around 1825. The British supported later the Wahhabis with money and weapons with the purpose of destabilized the Ottoman empire in Iraq with successive razzias on Basora and on Damascus too.

Note 7: The Muslims refugees were welcomed by the tribes in Yathrib and they were fed and they distributed lands for them to cultivate. These tribes were called Al Nusra, or the supporters of Islam. The women of these tribes didn’t wear the veil: they were working hard their land. The women refugees wore the veil, as a discriminating aristocratic act in their new environment. Unfortunately, all the successive Califs were from Mecca, and even from their arch enemies of the tribe of Quraish. They felt discriminated against for Not sharing in the power and loots of conquered empires.

Question: How do you connect the Muslim extremists in Idlib labeled Al Nusra and politically/ideologically linked to Al Qaeda with the Al Nusra in Yathrib?

And the colonial powers claim that the Islamic women are Not at par with bravery?

Read what Maysoon Souwaydan wrote on the social media on the state of affairs of Islam in Saudi Kingdom

لازالت ميسون السويدان ابنة الداعية طارق السويدان تثير الجدل، خصوصا بعد آخر تغريدة لها على التويتر ” تهت في شوارع مكة أبحث عن الله.. و لم أجده في الحرم..”، حيث تم تكفيرها من قبل رواد مواقع التواصل الاجتماعي.

و أثارت تغريدتها غضب عدد كبير من المغردين الخليجيين .. فانهالوا على أبيها بالشتائم بخصوص ما قالته ابنته، و اعتبروه مسؤول على تصرفاتها.
من جهتها ردت ميسون على منتقديها عبر تغريدات في حسابها الشخصي على التويتر قائلة :

أتظنونني سأسكت عنكم ؟؟ لا و الله لن أسكت.. لم أتمسّك بديني كل هذه السنين في الغرب حتى يأتي “المسلمون” ليسلبوني إياه
لقد عدنا و الله إلى الجاهلية،أنتم تعذّبون المسلمين بالشتم حتى تخرجوهم من دينهم..و أنا والله لن أخرج من دين الله و لو كره المكفرون
هذا الدين الذي تدافعون عنه ليس بديني هذا صحيح. .. أنا ديني الإسلام و الرحمة و أنتم دينكم التكفير و النَّقمة.


– لم أذهب إلى مكة لأرى من يدَّعي أنَّه يمثِّل الدين يضرب أرجل النساء بالعصا و يهشّهن كالغنم.. أنا لست بعيراً بيد راعٍ أنا إنسانة جاءت لتقلى ربها


– لم أذهب إلى مكة كي أرى متاجر إسرائيل على بُعد خطوات من بيت الله الحرام


– لم أذهب إلى مكة لأرى آلاف الفقراء المساكين يقفون بين يدي الله بأثوابهم البالية فيجبرهم الإمام أن يدعوا للملوك و السلاطين الذين لا يصلّون أصلاً


– لم أذهب إلى مكة ليبكي قلبي ما فعلتموه بهذه المدينة الطاهرة..بالمسجد الحرام،ذهبت إليها بحثاً عن الله.. فلم أجدْه عندكم.. نعم ما وجدته إلا بقلبي


لو أنّي بحثت عن الله في مكّة.. أو في مذهبكم العنيف لكَفرتُ من زمان

… هذا صحيح.. فالحمد لله أنّي لم أبحث عنه إلا بقلبي
إن لم يسعنا الإسلام جميعاً – فاذهبوا أنتم. أنا هنا في رحاب الله باقية… مسلمة أنا لن أتخلّى عن ديني و لو قاتلتموني عليه بالسلاح.
– أنتم قتلتم الحلّاج … أنتم قتلتم الروحانية في مكة.. أنتم قتلتم الله في قلوب الناس.. – – أنتم شوّهتم دين الله ألا شاهت وجوهكم.
مَن كان يعبد محمد بن عبد الله – فإنّه قد مات و مَن كان يعبد الله فإن الله حيٌّ لا يموت.


أحدٌ أحدْ.. ربُّ المكَفِّرِ شيخُهُ… رب المكفِّرِ سيفُهُ… و أنا إلهي ليس يسكن في جمادٍ أو جسدْ… أَحدٌ أحَدْ … أحَدٌ أحَدْ …


– إن تضعوا حجر التكفير على صدري فلا أقول إلا: أحدٌ أحدْ.. أنا ما وجدتُك في بلدْ، أنا ما وجدتك في جسدْ، أنا ما وجدتك في سوى قلبٍ لغيرك ما سجدْ


أَحدٌ أحَدْ … أحَدٌ أحَدْ … ربُّ المُكفِّرِ قاتلٌ … ربُّ المكفِّر مُستَبِدْ … و أنا إلهي في فؤادي…ليس يقتلُهُ أحَدْ …
__________________________

Who is dangerously wrong about ISIS and Islam?

Note: In all religions, there are factions that seek interpretations and those that want to adhere literally to the words. What if initially the language had no punctuation in the first place?

On Monday, The Atlantic unveiled a new feature piece by Graeme Wood entitled “What ISIS Really Wants,” which claims to expose the foundational theology of the terror group ISIS, also called the Islamic State, which has waged a horrific campaign of violence across Iraq, Syria, and Libya over the past year.

The article is researched, and makes observations about the core religious ideas driving ISIS — namely, a dark, bloodthirsty theology that revolves around an apocalyptic narrative in which ISIS’s black-clad soldiers believe they are playing a pivotal role.

Indeed, CNN’s Peter Bergen published a similar article the next day detailing ISIS’s obsession with the end times, and cited Wood as an “excellent” source, quoting a passage from his article with the kicker “Amen to that.”

Posted on February 18, 2015

Despite this, Wood’s article has encountered staunch criticism and derision from many Muslims and academics who study Islam.

After the article was posted online, Islamic studies Facebook pages and listserves were reportedly awash with comments from intellectuals blasting the article as, among other things, “quite shocking.”

The core issue, they say, is that Wood appears to have fallen prey to an inaccurate trope all too common in many Western circles: that ISIS is an inevitable product of Islam, mainly because the Qur’an and other Islamic texts contain passages that support its horrific acts.

In his article, Wood acknowledged that most Muslims don’t support ISIS, as the sheer number of Muslim groups who have disavowed the terrorist organization or declared it unIslamic is overwhelming.

Yet he repeatedly hints that non-literal Islamic arguments against the terrorist group are useless because justifications for violence are present in texts Muslims hold sacred.

“…simply denouncing the Islamic State as un-Islamic can be counterproductive, especially if those who hear the message have read the holy texts and seen the endorsement of many of the caliphate’s practices written plainly within them.”

Wood writes. “Muslims can say that slavery is not legitimate now, and that crucifixion is wrong at this historical juncture. Many say precisely this. But they cannot condemn slavery or crucifixion outright without contradicting the Koran and the example of the Prophet.”

Although Wood qualifies his claim by pointing briefly to the theological diversity within Islam, Islam scholars argue that he glosses over one of the most important components of any faith tradition: interpretation.

Jerusha Tanner Lamptey, Professor of Islam and Ministry at Union Theological Seminary in New York, told ThinkProgress that Wood’s argument perpetuates the false idea that Islam is a literalistic tradition where violent texts are taken at face value.

“That’s very problematic to anyone who spends any of their time dealing with the diversity of interpretations around texts,” Lamptey said.

“Texts have never been only interpreted literally. They have always been interpreted in multiple ways — and that’s not a chronological thing, that’s been the case from the get-go … [Wood’s comments] create the [impression] that Islam is literalistic, backward-minded, and kind of arcane or archaic, and we’ve moved past that narrative.”

Lamptey also said that Wood’s argument overlooks other Quranic verses that, if taken literally, would contradict ISIS’s actions because “they promote equality, tolerance.”

She pointed to surah 22:39-40 in the Qur’an, which connects the permission for war with the need to protect the houses of worship of other religions — something ISIS, which has destroyed several Christian churches, clearly ignores.

“ISIS exegetes these verses away I am sure, but that’s the point,” she said. “It’s not really about one perspective being literal, one being legitimate, one ignoring things…it’s about diverse interpretations.

But alternative ones tend to not gain any footing with this kind of black-and-white rhetoric. It completely delegitimizes them.”

Shakir Waheib, a senior member of the al-Qaida breakaway group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), left, next to a burning police vehicle in Iraq's Anbar Province

Shakir Waheib, a senior member of the al-Qaida breakaway group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), left, next to a burning police vehicle in Iraq’s Anbar Province

Wood, of course, didn’t accidentally invent the idea that violent passages in Islamic texts make the religion especially prone to violence, or that ISIS’s supposedly Islamic nature is evidence of deeper issues within the tradition.

These concepts have been around for some time, but are becoming increasingly popular among two groups that usually find themselves ideologically opposed — namely, right-wing conservatives and the so-called “New Atheists,” a subset of atheism in the West.

Leaders from both camps have pointed to violent passages in the Qur’an as evidence that Islam is a ticking time bomb. Rev. Franklin Graham, son of famous evangelist Billy Graham, has regularly attacked Islam using this logic, and recently responded to questions about the Qur’an on Fox News by saying that Islam “is not a religion of peace” but a “violent form of faith.”

Similarly, talk show host and outspoken atheist Bill Maher sparred with Charlie Rose last September over ISIS, saying that people who disavow the group as unIslamic ignore the supposed “connecting tissue” between ISIS and the rest of Islam, noting “The Qur’an absolutely has on every page stuff that’s horrible about how the infidels should be treated.”

It is perhaps for this reason that Fox News and several other conservative outlets fawned over Wood’s article after it was published, as did prominent “New Atheists” Sam Harris and Richard Dawkins.

But while these positions are widespread, Lamptey noted that they are also potentially dangerous because they play directly into ISIS’s plans. By suggesting that Islam is ultimately beholden to specific literal readings of texts, Lamptey said Wood and other pundits inadvertently validate ISIS’s voice.

“[Wood’s position] confirms exactly what people like ISIS want people to think about them, which is that they are the only legitimate voice,” she said. “It echoes that rhetoric 100%. Yes, that is what ISIS says about themselves, but it is a different step to say ‘Yes, that is true about the Islamic tradition and all Muslims.’”

Nihad Awad, the executive director of the Council on American-Islamic Relations, expressed a similar sentiment in an interview with Raw Story on Tuesday. He argued that in addition to Wood’s piece being “full of factual mistakes,” its de facto endorsement of literalistic Quranic interpretations amounts to an advertisement for ISIS’s horrific theology.

“Scholars who study Islam, authorities of Islamic jurisprudence, are telling ISIS that they are wrong, and Mr. Wood knows more than what they do, and he’s saying that ISIS is Islamic?” Awad said.

“I don’t think Mr. Wood has the background or the scholarship to make that dangerous statement, that historically inaccurate statement. In a way, I think, he is unintentionally promoting ISIS and doing public relations for ISIS.”

Awad also noted that Wood used “jihad” and “terrorism” interchangeably, which implicitly endorses ISIS’s argument that their savage practices (terrorism) are a spiritually justified religious duty (jihad).

In addition, there is a major issue with Wood’s offhand reference to ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as “the first caliph in generations”: although a caliphate can be established by force, a caliph, by definition, implies the majority support of Muslims (which ISIS does not have) and caliphates are historically respectful of other religious traditions (which ISIS certainly is not).

Lamptey also noted that Wood’s position is demeaning, because it renders invisible the overwhelming majority of Muslims whose theologies rebuke violent atrocities.

Among other things, Wood’s piece extensively quotes Bernard Haykel, a Princeton scholar the journalist relies on heavily throughout the article, who says Muslim leaders who condemn ISIS as unIslamic are typically “embarrassed and politically correct, with a cotton-candy view of their own religion.”

This stands in stark contrast to the bold statements from respected Muslim scholars all over the globe challenging ISIS’s Islamic claims, and Lamptey says such comments can be read by many Muslims as having their peaceful devotion to their own religion second-guessed by people who believe they’re simply “overlooking things.”

“[Wood and others think moderate Muslims] they’re not ‘real’ Muslims, but ‘partial’ Muslims, or even apostate,” she said. “The majority of [Muslims] do not subscribe to [ISIS’s] view of their religion. But they do subscribe to the idea of emulating the Prophet Muhammad, upholding the text, and upholding the tradition, but come up with very different end points about what that looks like.”

“It’s not like these Muslims are ‘kind-of Muslims.’ They’re Muslims who are committed to the prophetic example in the texts and the Qur’an,” she added.

Other Islam scholars say this narrative breeds suspicion of Muslims as a whole. Mohammad Fadel, Associate Professor & Toronto Research Chair for the Law and Economics of Islamic Law at the University of Toronto, told ThinkProgress that these arguments entertain the notion that all Muslims are just one literal reading away from becoming terrorists.

“There already is the background … that stresses the idea that Muslims lie about what they believe,” Fadel told ThinkProgress. “That they really have these dark ambitions, but they just suppress them because of their own strategic purposes of conquest. They pretend to be nice. They pretend to be sympathetic to liberal values, but as soon as they get the chance, they’re going to enslave us all. The idea here is that they’re all potential followers of ISIS.”

“On first reading [Wood’s article] seemed to suggest that a committed Muslim should be sympathetic to ISIS, and protestations to the contrary either are the result of ignorance or the result of deception.” he said. “That’s not helpful, and potentially very dangerous.”

Granted, Fadel and Lamptey agreed that a discussion of ISIS’s apocalyptic theology is important, and were hesitant to single out Haykel. But they remained deeply concerned about the popularity of Wood’s framing, and challenged his assertion that ISIS is a “very Islamic” institution that is somehow representative of the global Muslim community.

“Yes, [ISIS is] Islamic in that they use Islamic sources to justify all their actions,” Fadel said. “But I think the question that bothers most Muslims is the idea that just because someone says they are Muslim or that their actions are representative of Islam doesn’t make it so. Just because a group can appropriate Islamic sources and Islamic symbols, and then go around doing all sorts of awful things, doesn’t mean that they get to be the ones who define for the world what Islam means.”

“Muslims who reject ISIS aren’t doing it because they’re bad Muslims. They just have a compelling version of Islam that they think is much better.”

Note 1: A thousand years before the schism between Catholics and Protestants, Islam had undergone extensive scholarly dialogue between interpretation and literal comprehension of the Koran, and this confrontation lasted for centuries and dozens of voluminous books were written and studied for centuries

Note 2: All these violent factions rely on the biased Hadith (what people said about what Mohammad said or did after his death) and Not in the Koran

Note 3: A few comments on FB:

  • Yuval Orr I didn’t read Wood’s article as suggesting that ISIS is “right.” I read it instead as an attempt to place the group within a framework of apocalyptic beliefs found in the particular strain of Islam to which it adheres.
    Andrew Bossone What does “strain of Islam” even mean? Do they follow a particular school of interpretation that developed over the last 1200 years? I can’t help but lump this guy into a group of people who aren’t scholars of a field doing some research and acting like one. Kareem Abdul Jabbar put it pretty well when he compared ISIS as a representative of Islam to the KKK is of Christianity.
    Here’s another article that explains what’s wrong with Wood’s writing: http://www.middleeasteye.net/…/isis-and-academic-veil

 

‘NYT’ portrays Islam more negatively than alcohol, cancer, and cocaine: A study

A study released in November 2015 by 416 Labs, a Toronto-based consulting firm, reveals that the New York Times portrays Islam/Muslims more negatively than alcohol, cancer, and cocaine among other benchmarked words.

Based on a sentiment analysis of online and print headlines spanning 25 years of coverage, the study found “strong evidence that Islam/Muslims are consistently associated with negative terms in NYT headlines.”

Key findings pertaining to 2,667,700 articles include:

  • 57% of the headlines containing the words Islam/Muslims were scored negatively. Only 8% of the headlines were scored positively.
  • Compared to all the other benchmarked terms (Republican, Democrat, Cancer and Yankees, Christianity and Alcohol), Islam/Muslims had the highest incidents of negative terms throughout the 25-year period.
  • Not once over the examined period does the aggregate negative sentiment of headlines related to Islam/Muslims go below the NYT aggregate (29%) for all headlines.
  • The most frequent terms associated with Islam/Muslims include “Rebels” and “Militant.” None of the 25 most frequently occurring terms were positive.”
  • Figure 4 of the study showing percentage of NYT headlines with an overall negative score. (Image: 416 Labs)

    Figure 4 of the study showing percentage of NYT headlines with an overall negative score. (Image: 416 Labs)

To put these findings in perspective, the study notes that “despite causing more fatalities than violent acts by Jihadist groups [throughout the covered period], the negative sentiment for alcohol and cancer remains significantly below the sentiment shown in headlines for Islam and Muslims.”

In a phone interview, co-author Steven Zhou, who is in charge of Investigations and Civic Engagement at the recently established consulting firm, explained the reasons behind their inaugural study:

“Since 9/11, many media outlets began profiteering from the anti-Muslim climate. Though you could probably trace a similar trend back to the Iranian Revolution. We talk a lot about media and Islamophobia, but no body has done the math. So, we thought it is long overdue to have a quantitative investigation of an agenda-setting newspaper.”

Given that media organizations have a powerful role in influencing public perceptions, the study concludes that “the overwhelming sentiment associated with NYT headlines about Islam/Muslims is likely to distort perceptions,” suggesting “that the average reader of NYT is likely to assign collective responsibility to Islam/Muslims for the violent actions of a few.”

While the results may not be surprising to many readers, co-author Usaid Siddiqui who is in charge of Communications, Outreach and Partnerships said “when we went into it we didn’t think it would be surprising if Islam was one of the most negatively portrayed topics in the NYT…What did really surprise us was that compared with something as inherently negative as cancer, Islam still tends to be more negative.”

Though the study was published four months ago, it has received little attention.

Zhou explains this is because “it’s the first study of a recently established firm. You know, we all worked on it while also having different full-time jobs and obligations.”

Nonetheless, given the spike in vitriol against Muslims in an election year, these findings are a timely wake-up call.

Especially when voices like Robert Spencer’s, author and founder of the infamous Jihad Watch, a program of the David Horowitz Freedom Center, blast the study as:

“A classic example of how Leftists are out of touch with reality…the insidious agenda here is to silence even the slightest (and the New York Times is about as slight as you can get) critical word about anything related to Islam and Muslims.

This would have the effect of silencing all opposition to the advancing jihad. It would be a recipe for defeat and surrender.”

Zhou said that he doesn’t “see [Spencer’s view] as an assessment of our substantial study, because it doesn’t address the raw statistical analysis and empirical evidence our work clearly highlights.”

Zhou’s defense of the study is not only grounded in empirical evidence, but also in light of a conversation surrounding what could only be described as the Ayan Hirsi Ali Problem: “fringe Muslim [and non-Muslim] Americans, pushing an anti-Islam agenda are promoted as legitimate experts, thus mainstreaming ideas that are both offensive and incorrect.”

Spencer is yet to “demonstrate his qualifications to explicate this topic,” said Zhou. In fact, according to a report by the Muslim Public Affairs Council, Spencer, along with many other so-called “experts” on Islam, lacks crucial qualifications on the subject matter, and “mostly engages in internet-based polemics that he tries to pass off as serious scholarship.”

In 2014, Carl W. Ernst, professor of Islamic Studies at the University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill, said that Spencer’s views “have no basis in scholarship,” with “no academic training in Islamic studies whatsoever.” Incidentally, UNC-CH is where Spencer earned his Master’s focusing on early Christianity.

Though the study keenly recognized that its findings are not necessarily the result of intentional choices by decision makers at the Times, it clearly points to an institutional tendency by many agenda-setting newspapers and organizations to paint Islam and Muslims with a single brush: war, violence, and terror.

Zhou said the study’s empirical approach “sets an example” for many other topics because “critical rhetoric and slogans can only be effective with supporting evidence and crunching the numbers.”

One topic that undoubtedly serves as fertile ground is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

The NYT is a standout case for several reasons: at least 3 sons of NYT editors assigned to cover Israel and Palestine served, or continued to serve, in the Israeli occupation forces, evident manipulation and biased coverage, as well as a trend of accommodating official Israeli perspectives far more than Palestinians’, all of which pose a serious conflict of interest to fair and balanced coverage, inviting a similar empirical investigation.

Several recommendations are offered by the authors of the study to “help represent Islam/Muslims in a more accurate way.”

1. These include educating reporters on the nuances of Islam,

2. engaging local Muslim voices, and

3.  greater activism by Muslim organizations among others.

Zhou said the most crucial tool for these recommendations to be taken up by people is “through creating spaces for Muslims beyond the mosque and home to talk about and engage with civic life.”

Dorgham Abusalim recently graduated with a Master in International Affairs from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva, Switzerland. You can follow him

 

Why I can’t celebrate Malala’s Nobel Peace Prize.

The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded this Friday to India’s Kailash Satyarthi and Pakistan’s Malala Yousafzai for their struggles against the suppression of children and for young people’s rights, including the right to education.

That is great news, and it might almost mean Nobel Peace Prize makes sense again.

Mind you that this year prize is meaningful after being awarded to Barack Obama in 2009 “for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”,

This prize  was also awarded to European Union in 2012 “for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe” (at least this make sense, while the Obama excuse is pretty lame and totally erroneous).

(Again, international politics abridge the years that a person has to struggle before being considered for a prize. Though Kailash Satyarthi has already served his dues after 14 years of steadfast struggles to prohibit kids from being used as labor in India. He managed to save 75,000 kids from this awful state of slavery)

Still, there is something that really troubles me. How come we (meaning the West) always recognize the “devils” of the East, the torments children like Malala had to and have to go through (in her case, with the Taliban), but always fail to recognize our own participation in creating those “devils”?

How come we never talk about the things our governments are doing to the children of Pakistan, or Syria, or Iraq, or Palestine, or Yemen?

Let’s just take drone strikes as an example. Last year’s tweet by George Galloway might illustrate this hypocrisy.

10494696_10205086935471637_7493940445304227766_n

Galloway is absolutely right. We would never even know her name.

But, since Malala’s story fits into the western narrative of the oriental oppression (in which the context underlying the creation of the oppression is left out), we all know Malala’s name. Like Assed Baig writes:

This is a story of a native girl being saved by the white man. Flown to the UK, the Western world can feel good about itself as they save the native woman from the savage men of her home nation. It is a historic racist narrative that has been institutionalized.

Journalists and politicians were falling over themselves to report and comment on the case. The story of an innocent brown child that was shot by savages for demanding an education and along comes the knight in shining armour to save her. 

The actions of the West, the bombings, the occupations the wars all seem justified now, ‘see, we told you, this is why we intervene to save the natives.’”

The problem is, there are thousands of Malalas that the West helped create with endless wars, occupations, interventions, drone strikes, etc.

In Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, one can hear how little we know about the drone strikes – its aims, targets, results. Right now we have the executive branch making a claim that it has the right to kill anyone, anywhere on Earth, at any time, for secret reasons based on secret evidence, in a secret process undertaken by unidentified officials. That frightens me.

This is how Rosa Brooks, a Georgetown professor and former Pentagon official under President Obama, explained the US policy on drone strikes during a congressional hearing last year.

The following photo presents the piece that was installed in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province, close to Pakistan’s northwest border with Afghanistan, by an art collective that includes Pakistanis, Americans and others associated with the French artist JR.

The collective said it produced the work in the hope that U.S. drone operators will see the human face of their victims in a region that has been the target of frequent strikes.

foto/photo via notabugsplat/

That is the reality we are not being presented with.

Another reality is the story of Abeer Qassim Hamza al-Janabi, 14-year-old Iraqi girl, who was gang raped by five U.S. Army soldiers and killed in her house in Yusufiyah (Iraq) in 2006.

She was raped and murdered after her parents and six-year-old sister Hadeel Qasim Hamza were killed.

Also not irrelevant to mention is that Abeer was going to school before the US invasion but had to stop going because of her father’s concerns for her safety.

article-0-0C89D3B2000005DC-51_634x548Abeer Qassim Hamza al-Janabi

And while the West applauds Malala (as they should), I am afraid it might be for the wrong reasons, or with a wrong perspective.

It feels like the West wants to gain an agenda that suits them or the policies they want.

That is also why Malala’s views on Islam are rarely presented.

She uses her faith as a framework to argue for the importance of education rather than making Islam a justification for oppression, but that is rarely mentioned. It also “doesn’t fit”.

So, my thoughts were mixed this Friday when I heard the news about the Nobel Peace Prize. On so many levels. They still are. We’ve entered a new war, and peace prize award ceremonies seem ridiculous after looking at this photo.

tumblr_nd1ycaClBV1tgyqboo1_1280“They say that if God loves you, He will let you live a long life, but I wish that He loved me a little less. I wish that I didn’t live long enough to see my country in ruins.”  Ahmad, a 102 year old Syrian refugee /photo by A. McConnell, UNHCR/

Sure, we must acknowledge the efforts of those who are fighting for a better world, but when it is done in a way that feels so calculated, unidimensional, loaded with secret agendas and tons of hypocrisy – I just can’t celebrate it.

What else do you need to know about Islam?

10 Things I BET You Did Not Know About ISLAM.

1. We can eat pork…… 
depending on the circumstances. By default, the meat of pigs is haram (unlawful) in Islam. However, there are exceptions where it can be consumed in dire circumstances. A clear example would be a “do or die” situation. Literally.

2. We can pray in Hebrew

or in Cantonese. Or in Russian. Or in sign language or just about ANY language in the world! Yes, as Muslims, you are encouraged to learn Arabic as the Quraan (Sacred Book) is written in Arabic (here’s why).

If you have a language disability or you are just really comfortable in your native language -relax. God gets it. Baby steps.

3. WE DECLARE JIHAD!!!! (On ourselves)

Pay attention to the simplest breakdown of this word that you will remember for the rest of your life.

Jihad = Struggle

Struggle = to strive to achieve or attain something in the face of difficulty or resistance

The Prophet Muhammad, peace upon him – says “The greatest Jihad is the Jihad against yourself.”

A highly respected scholar defines this best –

” Declare your Jihad against 13 enemies you cannot see. Egoism, Arrogance, Conceit, Selfishness, Greed. Lust, Intolerance, Anger, Lying. Cheating, Gossiping, Slandering. If you can master & destroy them, THEN you will be ready to fight the enemy you can see. ” – Imam Al Ghazali

4. We dont follow the Shariah ALL the time

The Shariah is the law by which Muslims abide by. BUT, as much as it is law – it is also a guideline. To be misUSED as and when in accordance to the situation and the context and background of the people. I suppose this is why we were created with brains?

Muslims are strongly encouraged to use their intellect, wisdom coupled with knowledge of the sacred texts and books to ascertain the right from wrong using the Shariah as guidelines.

5. Arabs are NOT Muslims.

Ok so maybe some are. But get this. Arab is an ethnic group. Not a religion.

There are different types of Arabs depending on where they are from – White arabs, Black Arabs, Lebanese, Moroccan, Sudanese – the works. And then, there are Christian Arabs, Jewish Arabs, Buddhist Arabs.

And wait, I’m not finished yet.

There are Chinese Muslims, Indian Muslims, Scottish Muslims, African Muslims, White Muslims, Black Muslims, Brown Muslims, North Pole Muslims and did i mention Arab Muslims??

Islam does NOT belong to a particular ethnic group or language or country or race or type of people and it NEVER will.

ANYONE can enter its sphere.

6. We have 290,786 different sects.

Relax. Keep Calm and Read on. Thing to remember before continuing from this point is –

NEVER confuse Islam (The Religion) with Muslims (the followers).

Moving on – Muslims are every where. It is impossible to have 1 ring to rule them all.

Last night, over dinner – my friend gave a really wise analogy for this. Coffee!

It comes from..uhh.. the Coffee Plant. Cultivated in over 70 different countries. It is then processed and the seeds are roasted to varying degrees depending on the desired flavour.

People drink coffee in a million different ways resulting in a million different taste that suits the individual. You may hate the coffee i drink and i may not fancy yours. But, its the same source! So.

Compare this with the Muslims. You have people following Islam from all over the universe. 7 continents. 196 (recognized) countries. A million different races, cultures, background, history. It’s impossible to expect everyone to conform to being 1 type of Muslim.

So there are what we call Madhab (Mazhab, School of Thought) which has 4 different ..thoughts. Some Muslims (Not Islam) also have different sects. Shia and Sunni being the famous two.

What is amazing about this is the very fact that it is mentioned in the Quran. Diversity is to be celebrated and it is a Mercy from God 🙂

Ok wait, so how do you decide what or where to belong to?

In the last sermon of the Prophet Muhammad, peace upon him – he says

I am leaving you with the the QURAN and my SUNNAH, if you follow them you will never go astray

As long as the Quran and Sunnah (practices/teachings of Prophet Muhammad) are heavily relied upon as examples and the way of life, i reckon you’re in safe hands.

And please, BRING YOUR BRAINS WITH YOU. If some guy tells you to bomb yourself & kill others so you will earn yourself 50 women fanning you while you sip on halal wine in paradise -then…. USE. YOUR. BRAINS.

7. Women Rights & Islam is a SYNONYM.

Surprise!! Here’s a rhetorical trivia! Guess the FIRST University in the world?

The University of Al-Qarawiyyin in Fez, Morocco. Founded by Fatima al-Fihri in 859. SHE founded it. SHE founded the FIRST UNIVERSITY.

It was lawful. It was encouraged and heck yeah it was celebrated! Women(Muslims or Non) Rights existed over 1400 years ago.

Our Lady Khadijah, peace upon her – was a successful entrepreneur. SHE HIRED the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, to work for her.

The best scholar of hadith (traditions) was our Lady Aisha, peace upon her. The men had to go to her and study FROM her. When all of civilizations demeaned women with ideas of them carrying original sin, burying of female infants, treated as sex slaves,not allowed to pursue education, Islam removed ALL of that and was the FIRST to introduce fair distribution of wealth and property to women.

The Sacred Book itself declares numerous versus of how women are integrating, equal halves of the human race.

Guess how Islam decides who is BEST in character??

The best of you are those who treat your wife best.

All ma ladies in the halal club put your hands up!

8. Prophet Muhammad LOVES you & he loves Jesus too!!!

When people tell me “But..Jesus loves you!”  Im like..yeah, i know. I love him too. We ALL love Jesus, peace be upon him.

Thing is, do you know that Prophet Muhammad, peace upon him loves you too!? Unconditionally. Whether or not you hate him. or love him.  or dont even know him. Don’t ask me how.

That’s just how it is and you can’t run away from this. He was the epitome of humanity just like his brothers- the prophets, peace be upon them, before him. He loved ALL of creation. About the animals of the earth, he said,

Fear God of your treatment of these animals who cannot speak

My favourite example of his mercy is the following story.

After praying at the Kaabah (Sacred House) (Also quite possibly THE most sacred symbol in Islam) –the prophet and his companions sat nearby to rest. A bedouin passing by the village,went right up to the Kaabah and started urinating.

The companions who were with the Prophet, started to draw out their weapons but the Prophet stopped them and said “No, let him finish”. After the bedouin released himself, the Prophet walked up to him and introduced himself. They then got into a conversation of where he was from etc…small talk basically. At the end, the Prophet then explained to him the significance of the Sacred House to the Muslims.

Mercy. Mercy. Mercy. Lovveee. There are infinite more examples where this came from. 🙂

9.We want world peace as much as you do

All of our people have died in wars and evil agendas of sick minded humans. Our sisters have been raped and abused and killed. Our men have died in wars and have their throats slit alive and beheaded.

Hold up. If you read the above – ‘our sisters’ and ‘our brothers’ as our muslim sister/brother, you’re wrong.

I meant our Christian, Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim brothers and sisters. All of humankind. Every one from every religion and even those without a religion. Too many people have died in vain. Too many children have become orphans.

The media is doing a fantastic job at dividing us. And it does not help when a stupid do stupid things in the name of a certain religion or group thereby portraying all of the group as such.

I don’t know who you are and I don’t care where you are from. If you’re up to fight for world peace and destroying oppression and establishing justice and peace for all in the world- then I  am with you. And I assure you, the lovers of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, are with you too.

10. WE ARE A HAPPY BUNCH!

Despite the crazy shiz going on in the world – one must persevere.

Prophet Muhammad, peace upon him, said

Which actions are most excellent? To gladden the heart of human beings, feed the hungry, help the afflicted, lighten the sorrows of the sorrowful & to remove the sufferings of the injured.

So because i want you to get the right information, i’m going to leave you with some seriously amazing stuff and work from Muslims all over the world so you KNOW the REAL Islam.

There is a LOT more where that came from.. but since this is off my head, im going to need a few more days to work on this. Oh and you should check out this video.

Note: Islam one of the heretics Christian-Jewish sects https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2010/02/24/islam-is-one-of-the-%E2%80%9Cheretic%E2%80%9D-christian-jewish-sects/

Abdulnasser Gharem’s  Solo Show, The Awakening

It was a cool spring evening in Dubai and the opening reception of Abdulnasser Gharem at Ayyam Gallery was but a few minutes away.

I learned from the news that Ayyam Gallery is owned by a Syrian who fled the civil war in Syria and moved his Gallery from Damascus to Dubai and is doing well.

The owner (Samawe?) has been paying the plane tickets for the Syrian artists who wanted to resume their art work in Dubai.

 posted this April 6, 2014

Ascending the escalator leading up to DIFC, I braced myself for a special experience.

Abdulnasser Gharem’s Solo Show, The Awakening
Corinne

Certainly I will be stirred in the same way I did the first time I saw Abdulnasser’s work at XVA Gallery 4 years earlier and every time thereafter.

corinnemartin_abdulnassercover 1

This would be a particularly significant step for Abdulnasser as his first solo show following the historical sale of Message/Messenger at Chrsitie’s Dubai, which earned $842,500, the largest sum ever paid for a work by a living Arab artist.

For the people following Abdulnasser’s path and the events which lead to this point, it is impossible to separate the man from the work.

corinnemartin_abdulnassercover 11

Gharem is tall and broad shouldered. His bright amber-colored eyes exude wisdom and kindness, and his confidence is an art in itself.

During our conversation he shared the story of his artistic life.

Growing up, his early landscape and portrait techniques were self taught. When in the late 1990s Saudi towns and cities got their first internet, it gave him a way to engage with the world outside.

Gharem’s understanding of the world was transformed and he began reading every book he could possibly get his hands on.

“My art only began when I understood that there are many voices. I think you can also say that my education started when I left school.”

He perfected the ability to condense ideas of great complexity into forms of pure simplicity. This was a key element in getting his work authorized.

In 2009 when he created concrete barriers in response to the wave of terrorist attacks in Saudi, he put it very simply,

“I’m not against anyone. I’m with the subject. What interests me here are concrete walls, what they keep out. In Berlin, yes. In Baghdad, yes. In Israel and Palestine, sure (why?). But most of the all it’s the concrete barriers in my town and in my country that I’m interested in… These walls are temporary… We should see beyond them.”

corinnemartin_abdulnassercover 4

Much of his work has roots that appeared out of personal experiences dating back to his childhood.

“Rich people in Saudi keep horses, everyone else catches pigeons or doves and keeps them instead,” he explained about Message/Messenger. “It’s easy you set a trap using a basket or any kind of dome, and you leave out some water and sugar. Soon you have a bird. Keep the bird in that trap for twenty days and it knows that this is its home. It will not leave you.”

corinnemartin_abdulnassercover 16

Like much of his previous work, Abdulnasser continues addressing difficult issues in his latest solo exhibition, Al Sahwa (The Awakening). The title of the exhibition is a reference to the “Al Sahwa” movement of the late 1970s and early 1980s that gained force in public and university life both in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and across the Middle East.

In this exhibition, Abdulnasser examines a new kind of Awakening, based on creativity, dialogue, exchange of knowledge, discourse on art and education and an attitude of tolerance.

I am “hoping to launch a request for the restoration of the real Islam, which believes in pluralism and diversity, and together is committed against extremism.”

Walking up to the gallery, the first thing I noticed was the concrete block placed at the very front of the entrance, as they are always in his shows and galleries.

There is the initial observation of the art from afar, then there is the intimate interaction with the pieces, where he allows for discovery and a slow reveal of messages hidden in the work.

corinnemartin_abdulnassercover 27

Hemisphere and Camouflage are two of the largest stamp paintings Abdulnasser has made so far.

In Hemisphere an ancient warrior’s helmet is paired with a green dome of a mosque. The green on the dome represents the grandeur of the Muslim world and the faith that stands for peace. The dome and crescent in the work reference his previous installation, Message/Messenger.

ANG330

Hemisphere, 2014

Rubber stamps, digital print and paint

240 x 360 cm

ANG35

Generation Kill2014

Rubber stamps, digital print and paint

160 x 200 cm

ANG310

Generation Kill, 2014

Rubber stamps, digital print and paint

160 x 200 cm

ANG320

Camouflage, 2014

Rubber stamps, digital print and paint

240 x 480 cm

ANG340

Pause, 2014

160 x 400 cm (Diptych)

Rubber stamps, digital print and paint

ANG364

Concrete, 2014

Rubber stamps, digital print and paint

120 x 240 cm


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

October 2021
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