Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘island of Malta

Masters in Mining and Metallurgy: The Phoenicians

The Island of Malta (Maleth for refuge and haven), across Libya, was reserved by the Phoenicians as one of their principle locations to save their goods in period of wars and increased sea pirate attacks.  The people in Malta made good use of the miles of underground corridors dug by the Phoenicians in order to protect themselves from the bombs dropped on them by Italy during WWII. Those ancient corridors served the Phoenicians as warehouses for their precious goods and valuable minerals.

Cape Sounion in southern Greece has endless underground galleries, similar to those in Malta.

At the single location in Salaber (Asturias) underground excavation attained a space of 4 million cubic-meter, with a base reaching deep under sea level…

According to Franz Carl Movers, a 12-kilometer channel was dug up along this desert and arid site in order to flood and wash the ore of minerals.

In Albameda, near Oviedo in north Portugal, 3 aqueducts were dug up on a hillside to provide water to the Phoenician metal plant.

The Phoenicians excavated 4,200 meters of a network of tunnels to mine precious stones in the Amazon city of Maranon in Brazil.

Adrian Paillette, an engineer scholar, commented:

“The Phoenician’s metal=works demonstrated a very high and advanced level of metallurgical expertise and artistry that the Romans and the Arabs never reached at the height of their civilizations…”

The name of the Pyrenees mountains is derived from pyretta or fire, and it is due to the multiple forest fires started by the Phoenicians explorer in order to extensively exploit the silver ore.

The water tower to feed Tyr with water had sources in underground waterways. The water soared 5 meters above the level of the water source and the tower was 20 meters in diameter. The incoming water was roaring and surging to easily power multiple large mills.

The roads of Tyre and Carthage were paved at the very early stages of their founding.

The Phoenician cement outperformed current “Portland cement“. Even after 4,000 years, the aqueducts of Paleo-Tyre, remnant of what can be seen in Ras el Ain, is still standing, indestructible, and sturdier than sheer rock.

Mind you that Tyre is derived from Tzuur, the Rock.

As Paul Valery wrote in the “Architect, 1923”:

This audacious Phoenician ceaselessly agitated the Ocean…”

Note: From “6,000 years of peaceful contribution to mankind” by late Charles Corm

Joe Sacco, US journalist from Portland and originally from the small island of Malta, investigated the catastrophic phenomenon of boat immigrants landing in various part of Europe.  Sacco focused and interviewed those hapless immigrants who landed on Malta in the summer of 2009.  Joe published his comic strip of 48 pages in Virginia Quarterly Review.  The French weekly “Courrier International” is publishing the strips in series. I am reviewing the three series so far published.

There are estimates that 10,000 African people died so far undertaking these perilous crossings by desert and open seas.  Most of these hapless immigrants were eventually returned to their “Homelands” that they fled from for serious reasons.  What can “advanced nations” do with this flux of poor and “colored” people?

Italian and French fishing boats criss-cross the Mediterranean Sea to capture tuna and deliver them to farms in Malta.  After processing, the tuna is delivered to Japan.  These fishing boats are wondering why tiny open boats carrying immigrants want to land in Malta.  Occasionally, they offer the immigrants food and water.  The immigrants usually ask the route to Sicily:  They are not anxious to land in close by tiny Malta; crowded with 400,000 citizens.  The fishermen reason as follow: If they are from Somalia then, it is the responsibility of the ex-colonial power of Italy. The same reasoning goes to French, Belgium, and England colonies.

Once, fishing boats from Malta witnessed immigrants hanging to their fishing nets but they refused them to board.  The immigrants had to wait for an Italian navy to rescue them.  Malta had opened a center in 2001 with capacity to accommodate 80 clandestine immigrants.  The next year, Malta had to deal with 1,600 immigrants.  In 2008, over 3,500 immigrants landed by open boats.  First, the immigrants are processed for 18 months in special centers and then, they are transfered to open centers close to samll communities where they can mingle with people from Malta communities.

Sacco recounts the adventure of an Eritrean citizen (representative of the thousands of desert and open sea immigrants).  The hero is called John.   In 2001, many Eritrean students refused to serve summer forced labor.  Consequently, 2000 students were sent to prisons in region where temperature reach 44 degrees celsius.  They were left in open air without food for 4 days. After prison term, the students were to serve military service and forced labor.  In 2002, Malta returned 200 Eritreans; back home the immigrants were incarcerated, tortured, and many died from harsh treatments.

John was one Eritrean who managed to cross to the Sudan border and ran the entire night before reaching the UNO refugee camp at Kassala.  Eritrean forces made frequent incursions in that camp; thus, John decided to leave the camp fast heading to Khartoum (Capital of Sudan).  First, John had to leave his ID in the camp so that the UN make sure that he will return.  John had no intention to return.  His family sent him some money knowing that John is better off not to return to Eritrea.

John paid $200 to Sudanese passers.  One hundred immigrants from Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan were loaded in just three land cruisers.  The trip in the desert lasted three days.  Each immigrant caughed up another $300 to be taken care by Libyan passers.

The Libyan passers loaded the 100 immigrants in three land cruisers and deposed them in an oasis in the Sahara.  They returned immediately to pick up another group of immigrants in order to cut off on competitive passers.  The next morning, Sudanese “Resistance” militias showed up and collected ransoms.

Twelve days later, as supplies were dwindling, the Libyan passers came back with fresh cargo of another 100 immigrants.  Faced with revolt, the Libyan passers agreed to push forward for another two days of travel in exchange of an additional $50 each immigrant.

They were dropped in the neighborhood of the city of Benghazi (Libya).  A slave merchant bought the cargo of immigrants and received another $20 from each immigrant to facilitate their “transfer”.  The next passers were Ethiopians who got another $200 from each one and packed them in a tomato lorry; they crossed one thousand kilometers in a closed lorry before they reached the Capital Tripoli.  The kids demanded money from the immigrants lest their knives do serious damages.

A Ethiopian slave trafficker lodged them in an apartment.  The police raided the place within two days and relocated the immigrants in the concentration camp of Koufra.  Those who managed to escape police roundups or foresaw the coming calamity were whisked in boats in open seas.  The first boat capsized and passengers were drowned.  The second group took chances and boarded another open boat.  They elected a Captain from Ghana who claimed to have some expertise in the matter.  Instead of 8 hours to reach Malta, the boat needed over two days to land on a beach.  They waited for the Malta police to arrive and start the “processing procedures”.

I have many questions but I might focus on just two:

First, if an immigrant manages to collect a few thousand dollars from family members to undertake a harrowing adventure to greener pastures then, with a little imagination he could land in the US with far more comfortable means of transportation (merchant ships for example) and then get lost in a metropolis.  Police never ventures in dangerous quarters: They don’t pay their salaries.  Maybe the immigrants prefers Europe and avoid American “reserved” quarters.

Second, how immigrants manage to hide their money?  Would it not be easier for bandits to lighten up the immigrants of all their savings and then distribute the razzia among the various passer groups in cohort with them?


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

December 2020
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