Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Jean Ziegler

The Biggest Non-Western Financial Empire BCCI:

The Fall Guy, Agha Hassan Abedi (1922-1995)

From 1972 to 1991, the BCCI ( Bank de Credit et du Commerce International ) was implanted in the 5 continents and owned banking branches in 73 countries.

Just in the USA and Europe, the BCCI ran 400 agencies and headquartered in the heart of the City of London.

It had trust funds, holding societies, off-shores establishments in the Caimans Islands, Switzerland and Luxemburg.

Abedi preached the message: All powerful banks belong to the white Western nations, those immoral oppressors of the Asians and the third world countries. They suck the blood of the credible poor and hard working people around the world. The BCCI will reduce this exploitation and add a moral dimension to the financial business…

The small working people in Pakistan, India and in the countries the BCCI opened branches deposited their meagre savings. 20% of the deposit were retained for banking transactions and the rest were invested.

Abedi facilitated the transfer and whitewashing of all financial criminal activities of drug lords to other State institutions that wanted to bypass regulations.

Born in Lucknow (India) and displaced to Pakistan in 1947 after the partition of India, Hassan starts his banking jobs with Habib Bank in Bombay.

In 1947, over 14 million Moslem Shiaa migrated to Pakistan (called Muhajer) by the local Sind people in south Pakistan. The rivalry between the new comers and the local leaders lasted for decades.

In 1959, he founded his own bank United Bank Limited (UBL) catering for the downtrodden and the rich of all the factions and minorities in the Capital Karachi. Within a decade, UBL became the second largest bank in Pakistan.

Abedi made good money financing both sides in the rivalry and did enormous transactions from the port of Karachi (the third largest in Asia at the time)

Abedi had close links with Nawaz Sherif, sheikh Zayed bin Sultan al Nahyan, and many Saudi princes in Riyadh and Jeddah.

A few months before the oil embargo in 1973 (the war with Israel), Abedi had founded the BCCI with his partner Swaleh Naqvi and registered it in Luxemburg.

Abedi was investing the fortunes of dictators such as Samuel Doe (Liberia), Manuel Noriega (Panama), Mobutu (Congo/Zaire), Gen. Babangida (Nigeria), Alan Garcia (Peru), Saddam Hussein (Iraq), The Emirs of the Gulf States, the Saudi princes…

Abedi transferred funds from Saudi Arabia to the Contra rebels in Nicaragua at the sold of USA Reagan administration because Congress refused any budget for that covert operation.

In the USA, he purchased First American Bankshares, National Bank of Georgia, Independence Bank of California.

During the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Hassan had close ties with the CIA, Pakistan secret services and facilitated the transfer of funds and transport of weapons to Ahmad Chah Massoud, Gulbuddin Hekmatiyar, Karim Khalili…

Clark Clifford, the most influential king maker in the USA was on his sold.

Robert Altman, a powerful lawyer and President of First American Bankshares was his agent.

Hassan was the prime benefactor of associations related to healthcare facilities, (equipped with the latest technology for medical research), public charity associations such as the ICIC (Jimmy Carter Foundation), orphan centers, training centers, hospices, schools…

All of the top hospitals that Abedi funded were located in the USA and Europe, just to increase his standing position. He never cared for establishing any health facility in his own countries or under-developed States.

Ironically, when he had a serious heart attack while visiting Lahore in 1988, there were no valid hospital for reanimation. The respiratory tube available was too large which ruined his vocal chords. His spend the remaining 7 years as an invalid in Yacub’s Harefield Hospital in London.

The BCCI organization was very complex and mainly contained 5 rings for doing business:

1. The actual professional banking directors and employees that were numbered in the thousands

2. The “Shadow Bankers” or “The Bank within the bank” running the criminal and non-regulated financial activities

3. The “Protocol Professionals” who satisfied and facilitated the pleasure and comfort of the principal clients

4. The “entrepreneurs” who invested and ran the acquired businesses

5. The “Black Units” (of about 1,500 professional criminals) with the job of activating terror tactics, eliminating enemies of the high-level clients, the trade and transfer of arms and drugs to main clients.

Where there were transactions to be made during the Cold War, from China, North Korea.. to any place in the world, the BCCI was well organized to handle the job.

As the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, the US decided to have the sole monopoly on financial transactions and the BCCI had to go after it had done its job during the Cold War.

By 1990, all the western nations targeted the BCCI for one reason or another. The Bank de Credit et du Commerce International was declared bankrupt. and over 100,000 creditors lost $12 billion

Ironically, the organization was so complex that financial investigations could not link together how it functioned, but the BCCI had to go.

Note: Extracted from chapters of “Les seigneurs du crime, 1998” by Jean Ziegler

 

Are Hopes of World’s Landless Peoples Thwarted by Wealthy Nations? 

Staunch opposition by the U.S. delegation and, to some extent by European countries, has blocked the approval this year of a draft multilateral declaration, backed by the developing world, on the rights of peasants and people working in rural areas.

The wealthy nations want to remove from the draft any references to land grabbing and intellectual property rights over agricultural technologies and inputs, especially seeds.

Bolivian diplomat Angélica Navarro, chair of the intergovernmental working group tasked with drafting the declaration, recommended that it meet again in mid-2014.

Gustavo Capdevila posted this July 29, 2013:

Navarro said that in the meantime, she would hold consultations with representatives of governments, civil society and the United Nations, which is promoting the initiative through its Human Rights Council.

“From the start we knew the process would be difficult: the positions of some countries clashed with certain provisions in the declaration,” said Malik Özden, representative of the Europe-Third World Centre (CETIM), a Geneva-based NGO that is behind the draft declaration.

Özden told IPS that industrialised nations critical of the draft document wanted to remove some fundamental elements from the text, such as references to land grabbing and intellectual property rights over agricultural technologies and inputs, especially seeds.

The draft declaration seeks to protect peasants who work the land themselves and rely above all on family labour in agriculture, cattle-raising, pastoralism, and handicrafts-related to agriculture.

The term peasant also applies to landless people in rural areas engaged in various activities such as fishing, making crafts for the local market, or providing services.

Besides the human rights and fundamental freedoms of peasants, the document recognizes their right to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, as well as their right to define their own food and agriculture systems.

The declaration also upholds their right to land and territory and to benefit from land reform, as well as their right to determine the varieties of seeds they want to plant and to reject varieties of plants which they consider to be dangerous economically, ecologically and culturally – aspects that collide with the interests of transnational agribusiness corporations.

Christophe Golay, from the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, said the draft declaration guarantees individual rights that can be collectively exercised.

But in the case of seeds and ecological diversity, the document includes completely new rights, he told IPS.

However, Golay pointed to a few gaps in the draft declaration, such as the lack of references to social security for peasants and to their protection in conflict zones.

The working group, which met Jul. 15-19 in Geneva, heard reports from experts, academics and delegates of peasant organisations.

In the meeting, U.N. Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food Olivier de Schutter and his predecessor Jean Ziegler (2000-2008) did not hesitate to support the draft declaration.

But the United States raised jurisdictional objections, arguing that the Human Rights Council and its subsidiary bodies were not the right forum for discussing many of the issues proposed by the declaration.

A U.S. delegate even noted that the Council’s Advisory Committee, where the peasants’ right initiative first emerged, frequently mentioned the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in its report.

For that reason, he maintained, many of these debates should also take place in the FAO Food Security World Committee.

“The Advisory Committee final study admits that the draft declaration enumerates new rights, but many of these proposed new rights are not human rights,” the U.S. delegate said. “That is, they are not universal rights, held and enjoyed by individuals and that every individual may demand from his or her own government.”

He also said the draft declaration proposed to afford peasants collective human rights. But “we believe that efforts to create human rights for groups instead of for individuals are inconsistent with international human rights law,” he said, adding that “I want to be clear that we are not prepared to negotiate a draft declaration on the rights of peasants.

The European Union also criticized the Council’s creation of the working group, and said it would not participate in negotiations of the draft declaration, although it left open the possibility of discussing improvements in the conditions of peasants in other forums.

The developing countries said they would continue backing the draft declaration, but conceded that certain points could be modified in order to reach a consensus.

Navarro told IPS that the working group was authorized by the Human Rights Council to hold sessions for three years in a row, and mentioned the possibility of the negotiations dragging on, even for decades, as has occurred in the case of international treaties in other areas.

But Özden was optimistic, even though he agreed with Navarro that the process could take years. “We hope the representatives of the states will be sensitive to the arguments of citizens and not just those of transnational corporations,” he said.

The number of peasants worldwide has not been stated in the documents presented to the working group.

In 2010, FAO estimated the number of people involved in agriculture at 1.394 billion, 1.357 billion of whom were in the developing world.

The U.N. agency noted that since 1950, the proportion of people dedicated to farming had steadily gone down, as the percentage of people involved in other economic activities had grown.

Rebels of the Niger Delta in Nigeria: Taking matters in their hands

The Niger Delta in south-east Nigeria is the main oil production fields and generating 90% of the revenues.  This rich oil province is exploited by a dozen international oil corporations, Shell is the most powerful among them. The refineries of crude oil are decrepit and totally insufficient for local consumption.  This January, the government doubled the cost of the gallon from 30 to 6o cents.

This rich province is not receiving any significant benefit from local or federal government.  Instead, this great agricultural basket region has been reduced to a waste land from oil  production and processing…

The rebel movements such as the MEND (Emancipate Niger Delta movement), “Boyloaf”, and “Africa” are forcing the oil multinationals to restitute surplus profit directly to the local provinces, towns, and villages. These multinationals are reduced to taking care of infrastructure, public schools, dispensaries…

Amaka James Ogona, 74 year-old, a tribal chief of the little province of Olugboliri, said:”Our people exploited the land for agriculture, and now the land is ruined and the water polluted from oil discharges…The oil multinationals refused to compensate.  The sustained rebel attacks have pressured the corporation to respond positively.  The multinational Agip reconciled with the population and is extending direct regular payments and securing the maintenance of public institutions and infrastructure… When the government failed to construct the promised and judged for hydraulic project, Agip stepped in and did the project”

The Nigerian Federal government forgets to redistribute the revenues and claims that the rebel movements disruption of oil production have wasted 20 billion in revenues in the last 7 years.

Jean Ziegler, UN special rapporteur on food availability, said that “practically, every town in the rebellious region support the movements. The rebels can count on the firm logistical clandestine networks and innumerable caches in arms and food…that the government is unable to dismantle.  The repeated hostage taking activities have permitted the rebels to amass a war chest treasure, enabling them to bribe the elite government troops…”

Criminal development in Africa is mainly due to weak government institutions and resolve to get engaged in sustainable budget allocation to devastated and ignored provinces…

Note 1: Inspired from a piece by the Nigerian journalist investigative reporter Theophilus Abbah of the Nigerian daily “Sunday Trust” and published in the French weekly Corrier International #1109

Note 2: Nigeria a giant country of 160 million, the most African State, but turning fragile as a sociopolitical structure.  Half the population are Moslem in the northern region, and the remaining are either Christians or native religious sects.  In January, the government lifted subsidy on car gas and the price doubled over night, leading to protracted mass demonstrations and strikes. In the northern regions,the extremist Moslem are practically ruling and imposing the Shariaa.  From 1967 to 1970, a civil war for self-autonomy broke out in the Niger Delta that resulted in over 2 million deaths .

Pirates of Somaliland (Puntland): “All our fish resources have been exploited…”

A popular song in Somalia (Puntland) says:

Ya kale, ya kale oo Somalidu dandeeda kafinkara oo aan aheyn burcaat badhet…” (If not of the pirates, who else think of our critical conditions as Somalis…?)

The States of European Union imposed fishing rights accords among themselves to exploiting fish in Somali territorial water.  Hundred of thousands of fisherman families were denied the basic natural survival foodstuff…

According to UN control group on Somalia, there are at least 7 pirate gangs that capture ships and take hostages for ransom.  These pirate gangs bring home over $40 million yearly.

This amount is a strike comparison to the puny $4 million in development aids provided by England and the US to creating agricultural and animal stock job opportunities.  The entire budget of the Puntland “government” is a miserly $15 million!

Actually, this Puntland government automatically take more than 30% cut on the pirates’ “bounty”

The Somali journalist Mohamed Kadir (pseudoname) wrote:

“One pirate gang “Afweyne“, headed by the 70 year-old Mohamed Hassan and his son Abdi Kadir Abdi, has captured 7 ships in 2009 and pocketed around $8 million, an average of $800,000 per ship.

A young wife of 15 said: “The pirates are our coast guards. For decades our territorial water has been polluted and its quality deteriorating due to foreign fishing ships exploiting our fish resources.  We can no longer survive of fishing.  Our pirates are supervising the illegal activities in our territorial water…”

Abdi is one of 1,500 pirates stretching the Indian Ocian, the Gulf of Aden (Yemen) that links with the Red Sea.  Abdi says:

“Everytime we get hold of a ship, we replenish our livestock in cereals and food…And we are able to purchase goats and cows and khat (a drug green leave shewed mostly in Yemen in the late afternoon for hours on…).  How our people would survive without our activities?”

Anab Farah, 26 year-old, has found a business niche: She cooks 3 meals to prisoners and cash in $400 a month.  Anab is preparing to buy a car soon…

Zeinab Abdi, 58 year-old great grand mother of 4 kids, (all her sons died during the long Somali civil wars), says: “I am very pleased with the better conditions we are enjoying thanks to the pirates largess to our community…”

Jean Ziegler, special UN reporter on food availability, said that the multinational corporations, particularly oil and mining conglomerates, are the main gangs and outlaws in Africa.

For example, Shell has totally polluted the Niger Delta in Nigeria and not paying its dues to the Nigerian government and the Delta provinces. The multinational mining company Gencore (copper) covered 70% of Katanga (Congo) budget in 1982.

Currently, the mining companies are manipulating numbers and data and barely restituting 7% of that budget.

Apparently, pirates’ wealth are raising real estates values in Nairobi (Kenya) three folds.

Note 1: The CD-Rom (Crime.doc) list over 100,000 crime gangs in 187 States.  The list is generated by Interpol.

Note 2: Jean Ziegler published “The Gold of Maniema“, “Lord of crime: The new mafias against democracy”, and “Massive destruction: Geopolitics of famine”…


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