Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Judas Maccabeus

Ur Salam (City of Peace): Jerusalem

Recent archeological works by Kathleen Kenyon (2009) discovered a wall surrounding the city of Jerusalem dating from the 18th century BC; water was diverted through underground canals from the fresh source of Guihon to Siloe cisterns inside the walls.

The sea people called Philistines had devastated the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, destroyed the nascent Greek fleet and settled in Gaza and the southern coastline of Palestine around the 12th century.

The entire eastern coastline from north Syria to Sinai was dominated by the Canaanites.

In southern Palestine, the Canaanites had to flee northward and retreat inside toward Jerusalem, one of their 25 City-States. Jerusalem was then inhabited by over 10,000 urban dwellers, a huge number for the period.

Around 11th century BC, Moses (a myth) arrived with his nomadic tribes to the borders with Canaan.  His successors endeavored to settle in part of Palestine and battled with the Philistines.  The Canaanites aristocracy aided David to enter Jerusalem and this class was his administrative supporters. (Just faked stories from the Jewish book written in 200 BC in Alexandria)

David thus had two high priests (Evyatar and Sadoq), two military leaders (Joab and Benayahu), and two heirs apparent (Adoniyyahou and Salomon).

David had also two formal sanctuaries for the Jews and the Canaanites.  David adopted the God of the Land El and the demi-Gods of the Sun (Shahar) and the Moon (Shalem) were worshipped.

The Jewish Yahweh (God of thunders) was relegated to the background and played a support function in times of urgent need.

The Jews had no such concept of “throne” and the Canaanite aristocracy provided a throne to David and his solar God was Justice personified and a divinity of the order “Sadeq”:  Milki Sadeq was the King of Jerusalem when Abraham came to Canaan and paid the tenth (one tenth) to Melki Sadeq.

Salomon supporters of the Canaanites assassinated Adoniyyahou and Joab and Ebyatar was pursuit.

Salomon relied on the King of Tyr to build his Temple for the Sun God facing east.

The dedication read: “The divinity of the Sun has announced: Yahweh has decided to live in the shadow. A house has been renovated for his dwelling”.  The God Sun sent two messengers of Right and Justice to destroy Sodom.

In this event as in others, Yahweh shares the responsibility as a subordinate to the Sun God.  Slowly but surely, Yahweh acquired a convincing divinity by the period that preceded the exile to Babylon.

In 587 BC, the Babylonian King Nabuchodonosor destroys part of the Temple.

The Persian King Cyrus repatriates the Jews in 538 and restores the temple.

Alexander enters Jerusalem in 332 and Judea falls under the Ptolemy dynasty.

The Seleucid dynasty dominates Jerusalem from 200 to 142.

Judas Maccabeus revolted in 164 and enters Jerusalem which falls to the Hasmonide dynasty until the Roman Pompey takes Jerusalem in 63 BC.

The zealot Jews take over Jerusalem for two years in 66 AC. The Roman General Titus enters Jerusalem in the year 70 and burns the Temple.

Jerusalem is then named Aelia Capitolina.

Bar Kokheba recaptures Jerusalem in 131.  Emperor Hadrian enters Jerusalem and the Jews are definitely dispersed and forbidden to enter Jerusalem.

Emperor Constantine consecrates the Anastasis (The Saint Sepulcher).

The Persian King Chosroes destroys Jerusalem in 614.

Emperor Heracles retakes the city in 628.

The Caliph of Islam Omar enters Jerusalem in 638. The Dome of the Rock is built in 691.  The mosque Al Aqsa is built in 705.

The crusaders enter the city in 1099.  The Sultan Salah el Din enters the city in 1187 and chased out the crusaders.  The Turkish Sultan Selim 2 enters the city in 1244 and gives Jerusalem a religious function and dots it with many religious schools (madrassa).

The Ottoman Empire captured the city in 1516.

Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent rebuilds the walls and enlarges the city with newer walls.

In 1967 the Zionist State of Israel enters Jerusalem.  Begin declares that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel in 1980.

The State of Israel is flaunting all UN resolutions to stop destroying Palestinian houses in East Jerusalem that is proposed to be the Capital of the Palestinian State.

Judas Iscariot (Written on December 11, 2008)

I am not hot for religions or religiosity, but I like good, interesting, and coherent stories. 

Judas Iscariot (Yehuada) is the son of Simon Iscariot (the leprosy, the Pharisee) whom Jesus cured from leprosy.  

Judas is also the brother of Lazarus whom Jesus resurrected from the death. 

Judas is the brother of Martha and Marie Magdalena (Magdala) who poured expensive perfume on Jesus’ feet when he visited the family in Bethany, near Jerusalem.

The father Simon the Pharisee was a very rich man and living in the best house; he was a highly respected and visible personality in Bethany and the Judea region. 

Simon came from a village called “Kerioth”; (it is from this region that Judas Maccabeus launched his successful assault on Jerusalem and conquered it from the Syrian monarch Antiochus 4 Epiphany, over a century before Jesus birth).  

Thus, this family’s sympathy to the zealot movement (those Jews who were intent on kicking the Romans out of Judea).

Simon didn’t have to join any colony of leprosy as was the custom.  Instead, as an impure by the Pharisee laws, Simon decided to move to Galilee, away from Bethany, in order not to pressure the inhabitants and to save face; he lived there comfortably.

Jesus cured Simon in Galilee and became very attached to his family; Marie Magdalena visited Jesus in her father’s house in Galilee and had cried over his feet and rubbed her hair on Jesus’ feet in repentance.  Simon was curious whether Jesus would realize that Marie was “a sinner” who lived freely from society’s prejudices.

Actually, Marie Magdalena, who had left her husband, a scribe in Jerusalem, and joined a Roman officer to the city of Magdala, was saved from being lapidated to death by stones, simply because she was from a very rich family.

Judas was the purse keeper of the apostles, one of the rare literate in the group, and he was rich and didn’t need any lousy 30 pieces of silver to sell his “Master”. 

Judas was a fervent “zealot” Pharisee; he was a vehement and irascible man and he stated his mind.  Judas surely had Jesus’ ears and they discussed at length.  Did Jesus’ plan coincide with Judas’? Not necessarily for the long-term and not for the same reasons.

Judas was not happy with the Sanhedrin state of affairs: those priests were very cozy with Pontus Pilate. Judas the zealot wanted something to be done. 

Jesus, a high priest of the Essenes sect, a celibate, secluded, white-clad and closed community caste of Qumran, was not happy with the Sanhedrin either: Jesus had the harshest words and diatribes against the Pharisee and the Sadducee sects.

In fact, Jesus chased the merchants out of the temple; Jesus was on a war path when he ascended toward Jerusalem, for the first time in his adult life.

Jesus, the knowledgeable in the Jewish law teaching, planned his entry to Jerusalem to coincide with the prophesies of the coming Messiah. He was welcomed as such by the common people in the City.

Nicodemus of the Sanhedrin met with Jesus secretly and they talked; something was being prepared. 

During the “Cène” or Last Supper (commemorated according to the Essenes sect) Jesus dipped a piece of bread in milk and offered it to Judas (symbol of his closest friendship) saying: “Tonight, one of you will hand me over”. That was the code name for Judas to execute the plan.

The negotiations with the Sanhedrin to accept Jesus as member, and done by Judas in the name of Jesus, had  failed.

It was expected that humiliating Jesus bu the Sanhedrin would offer an excellent excuse for the Jews to put the squeeze on the Sanhedrin .

Jesus knew that the Sanhedrin had no rights to put anyone to death,:  Only the Roman governor Pilate had this right.

Was the plan to incite the Sanhedrin to imprison Jesus? That’s what 3 of the accepted Testaments lead to believe.

Only the narrative of Lucas, the earliest of the Testaments, 35 years later and before the Roman revenge on the rebellious Jews, was sober and down to the facts.

The other 3 testaments tried their best to “wash Pilatus’ hands” from the crucifixion of Jesus.

Mind you that after the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus and exiling the Jews, the Christians had no benefit of officially incriminating the Roman Empire.

Judas was the catalyst to convince the Sanhedrin that Jesus has been claiming to be the coming Messiah, and if they fail to get hold of him now and then, it would be impossible to stop him once out of Jerusalem. Judas negotiated 30 pieces of silver to give credence to his maneuver and to the seriousness of his claims.

The Sanhedrin didn’t need Judas to lead them to where Jesus was located: the entire city knew where Jesus stayed. 

Judas’ job was to make sure that Jesus was apprehended and then to spread the news for mass revolt. 

The Jews in Jerusalem had welcomed Jesus as a messiah and a legislature leader and had no patience with another prophet martyr: they sided with the “power to be” and let go of their “Messiah”.

Jesus had to fall back on plan B. 

Jesus kept total silence with his Jewish captors in order not to be lead into any further mistakes or divulging names.  He spoke to Pilate of a Kingdom not of this world; thus Jesus has no plans to revolt against the Romans.

Pilate knew that Jesus plan was not against the Romans dominion as he has discovered that the Sanhedrin angst is real and serious: the Sanhedrin knew that Jesus revolt was to curb their hegemony over the Jews, to review the over 650 rules and regulations shackling the daily behavior of the Jews and thus, to weaken and destroy their businesses.

When faced between liberating the murderer Barabas the zealot or Jesus, the Sanhedrin didn’t blink.

Pilate also was not happy with a purist Jewish movement: Pilat felt very comfortable doing business with this rotten Sanhedrin and Herod Epiphany (King of Lower Galilee), the one who had decapitated John the Baptist, a close relative of Jesus.. 

Pilate washed his hands on account of a person called Jesus, King of the Jews, but not on a Jewish purist internal movement, a revolt that would have given him huge headaches.

Pilate divulged the entire scheme in one sentence: he ordered to write on top of the crucifix “Jesus of Nazareth. King of the Jews”

It was known that Nazareth was a hot bed for the Essenes sect that planned to become the dominant sect among the Jews.

Judas did an excellent job, but the task of disseminating news to arise the wrath of the common Jews task failed miserably: the Jews turned against Jesus.

Judas felt let down by a meek Jesus who didn’t stand up as a legislature leader such as Moses.  Judas’ earthly dreams vanished; the arrogant and proud Judas returned the 30 lousy silver pieces.  The Sanhedrin used that money to purchase a field, since it could not recover impure and tainted money.

Judas, the fervent zealot, hanged himself to avoid further investigation, retributions, and for not believing in redemption.

The Jew Joseph of Arimathea, a rich friend of Pilate, was permitted to handle Jesus’ body.  Pilate expressed surprise for a strong young man to die so quickly, but he refused to dwell on any further investigation or discussions.

The smart and brutal Pontus Pilate, in complete coordination with Herod Epiphany (King of Lower Galilee), were tracking the progress of Jesus toward Jerusalem and setting up the trap.

Even the Pharisee warned Jesus on several instances to desist from the project of attending the ceremonies in Jerusalem.

Jesus knew that he had no alternative but to be welcomed as a member in the Sanhedrin: A position that would give him a breathing period in the face of the tightening plot against his movement.

The strong following of Jesus in Galilee had sharply dented the credibility of Herod as the King, and Herod feared that Jesus was after revenge for killing his close relative John.

Pilate could not react swiftly and brutally against a mass non-violent movement, and he needed the cooperation of Herod and the Sanhedrin to provide him the necessary indicting facts to execute Jesus.

Consequently, Herod did a fine job donning Jesus with the King Purple attire and mocking him as the King of the Jews and disseminating this innuendo, as admitted by Jesus.

This was an excellent excuse for Pilate to crucify Jesus.

For Pilate “Jesus is dead; go home everybody“.  That is another follow-up interesting story.

Note 1: Obviously, Jesus was not considered officially a Jew, since the Jewish historian Joseph of the period didn’t mention the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. Jesus and most of the disciples were from Upper Galilee, under the jurisdiction of Tyre.

Note 2: The selection of only 4 testaments in the year 325 was highly political. Among the hundred of testaments that each Christian sect adopted, these four didn’t incriminate the Roman Empire.  The Christians at that time were about to be recognized officially by the Roman Empire, and it was not a good idea to be perceived as another vast Jewish insurrection throughout the Roman Empire, organizing in total secrecy and ready to start disturbances.

Note 3: Origin of jesus




January 2023

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