Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Julien Harneis


The more Yemen infrastructure collapses, the more the US ship weapons to the Saudi Emirs

Saudi Arabia most obscurantist monarchy is losing control over Yemen political and social fabrics.  More jet planes are needed to bomb this hapless country

Saudi Arabia launched a military campaign in Yemen while a number of rival figures and groups are vying for power as years of sporadic conflict spiraled out of control.

The U.S. has “expedited weapons deliveries” and “increased intelligence” to Saudi Arabia, U.S. Deputy Sec. of State Antony Blinken said April 7.

The weapons include existing orders and “some new requirements” said the Pentagon.

Blinken also warned of the consequences of “unintended civilian casualties.” (How funny)

[Children] are being killed, maimed and forced to flee their homes, their health threatened and their education interrupted. Julien Harneis
UN agency for children, UNICEF

More than 540 people have been killed in Yemen, including 77 children, since the start of airstrikes, the UN said April 8. (increasing steadily)

About 100,000 people have fled their homes. Medical supply deliveries have been delayed. Food, water and electricity shortages are occurring nationwide.

UN News – As chaos deepens in Yemen, UN expert warns of ‘worst case scenario’ displacement

Saudi Arabia launched military operations including airstrikes against the Houthis and their allies in Yemen on March 25.

It deployed 100 fighter jets, 150,000 troops and navy units. Yemeni officials requested foreign military support days earlier. More than ten countries pledged support for the operations.

Added Mar 26 at 1:46 am
The Associated Press on Twitter
The Associated Press on Twitter
Saudi Arabia launches airstrikes in Yemen –
Saudi Arabia, allies launch air strikes in Yemen against Houthi fighters
Yemen foreign minister calls for Gulf Arab military intervention

The first shipments of emergency medical aid reached the southern port city of Aden, Yemen, on April 8, as Houthi forces and local militias battled.

Added Today at 7:50 am
Yemen’s Houthis battle in central Aden, first medical aid arrives

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

March 26, 2015

Yemeni President Mansour Hadi,(whose term has expired and refuses another election) and whom witnesses saw leaving the presidential palace in Aden on March 23, fled to Saudi Arabia, Saudi state TV reported.

Hadi resigned as president in January, but rescinded in February after escaping from the capital. Houthi forces advanced on Aden and seized a base used by the U.S. military before he left.

Added Mar 25 at 3:32 pm
©Mapbox ©OpenStreetMap Improve this map
Houthi Fighters in Yemen Attack Air Base Used by U.S. Forces
Aden airport in Yemen closed, flights cancelled – guards
Saudi state TV: Yemeni President Hadi has arrived in Saudi capital, a day after fleeing Aden – @AP
Yemen President Hadi has left Aden for Arab summit in Egypt under Saudi protection. Al-Arabiya TV says – @Reuters

The conflict in Aden appeared to be part of a struggle between Hadi and ex-president Ali Abdullah Saleh.

Hadi was the VP of Saleh, who was ousted in a 2011 uprising.

An initiative by Gulf countries guaranteed Saleh’s exit and set up elections in which Hadi was the sole candidate, but the country continued to struggle.

Added Jun 17, 2014 at 4:08 pm
A previous standoff between Hadi and Saleh occurred in June 2014 when Hadi's presidential guards and riot police surrounded Saleh's mosque complex in Sana'a. Forces loyal to Hadi were concerned Saleh could use it as a base to launch attacks. The standoff came amid protests in the capital.Copyright 2015 Reuters

A previous standoff between Hadi and Saleh occurred in June 2014 when Hadi’s presidential guards and riot police surrounded Saleh’s mosque complex in Sana’a.

Forces loyal to Hadi were concerned Saleh could use it as a base to launch attacks. The standoff came amid protests in the capital.

Added Jun 17, 2014 at 4:02 pm

It is becoming increasingly apparent that the Saudi Arabian-led coalition is turning a blind eye to civilian deaths and suffering caused by its military intervention. – Said Boumedouha
Amnesty International

The UK and Saudi Arabia have long-standing military ties. Rights groups on April 1 criticized the UK for providing arms to Saudi Arabia that are being used in Yemen.

A day earlier, a Saudi airstrike hit a dairy factory, killing dozens of workers, factory executives said.

Added Apr 2 at 2:06 pm

Gulf of Aden

April 8, 2015

Iran deployed warships to the Gulf of Aden to protect cargo ships and oil tankers against pirates, the state-run Fars News Agency said.

An Iranian navy commander said they were not deployed to get involved in the conflict in Yemen, but as part of regular patrols in international waters.

Andrew Bossone shared this link on FB
Saudi Arabia launched a military campaign in Yemen while a number of rival figures and groups are vying for power as years of sporadic conflict spiraled out of control.

The History of Coffee

Began in a Tiny City port of Yemen

Think coffee and you probably imagine a simple, black cup of joe, a mellow cafe au lait or the incessantly long lines at Starbucks to get your triple venti soy no-foam latte.

For many, coffee has become a integral component to start the day, catch up with friends or take a casual business meeting.

The origin of this ubiquitous beverage has been fiercely debated with stories of its birthplace ranging from the foothills of Latin America to a goat shepherd named Kaldi who noticed his goats behaved rather strangely after eating a mysterious fruit in Ethiopia.

Image Credit: NPR

While the most popular story of origin seems to be Kaldi’s first brewed cup of coffee in Ethiopia, the earliest cultivation came from a city you probably know very little about.

In fact, coffee comes from the highland areas of the southern tip of the Red Sea in port Al-Mokha (also spelled Mocha) in Yemen where locals gave it the Arabic name qahwa, the word from which coffee and cafe are derived.

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

“Coffee was everything for Yemen,” said Sheikh Shabbir Ezzi, a Yemeni businessman at Al Ezzi Industries. “It’s a gift from our ancestors. You can see how important coffee was for Yemen from the emblem of the country. Inside the bird’s heart is a coffee plant.”

Considered the “Wine of Arabia,” coffee drinking first appeared in the Sufi monasteries of Yemen in the 15th century where Arab Sufi monks adopted coffee as a drink that would allow them to more easily stay awake for midnight prayers.

Soon enough the beverage slipped into everyday use and evolved into a lucrative trade item that spread throughout the Islamic world and sprouted clusters of kaveh kanes or coffee houses in Persia, Egypt, Turkey, Syria and North Africa.

These coffee houses became centers of intellectual life where men would meet together to talk, listen to and discuss poetry, share their opinions on the issues of the day or play games like chess and backgammon.

Image Credit: AP

Coffee then spread to Europe through the Ottoman Empire, as well as by sea from the Yemeni port of Mocha.

The English and Dutch East India Companies, who were major purchasers at Mocha in the 17th century, managed to transport the Mocha beans and trees back to Europe, India, Sumatra, Bali and other islands in the East Indies.

In The Joy of Coffee, Corby Kummer explains that the word mocha “became associated with chocolate because Europeans’ first experiences with cocoa, in the 17th century, reminded them of the bittersweet coffee they imported from Yemen.”

“It is very provincial … a treasure from the earth,” said Jim Reynolds, a coffee buyer and taster at Peet’s Coffee & Tea in Berkeley, Calif. “Rich, full-bodied, green, nutty, woody, yet inconsistent and unpredictable. Very pronounced tastes: fruity, chocolatey, winey, exotic and complex. Subtleties of flavor are often on a subconscious level — not quite there, if you know what I mean. As in a good friendship, a bit of mystery remains, and this is what makes Yemeni coffee so great.”

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

The delicious Arabica coffee bean also takes a long time to cultivate and perfect.

According to 60-year-old Yemeni coffee cultivator Mohammed al-Maisi, the beans used to make the coffee can only be harvested 5 years after being planted at 2,500 meters (about 8,202 feet above sea level) and must be picked by hand after changing from green to red in a careful, labor-intensive process.

“I usually prefer to pick them myself, because if done incorrectly one can damange the stem or even the tree,” said Maisi.

After harvesting, the cherries are cleaned and sun-dried for up to 4 weeks until finally the last layers of dry skin are removed.

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Yemenis also traditionally use every aspect of the coffee plant.

While the beans are used to make traditional coffee called Bun, the husk is also used to make another coffee drink called qishr, spiced with cardamom and ginger, which is filled with antioxidants. The leaves are also used to make a red-tea-like herbal medicine.

While the unique identity and flavor of the original Mocha coffee bean did not translate to plantations overseas, the culture of coffee itself translated into coffeehouses or cafés throughout continental Europe that soon became egalitarian meeting places in the 17th century, filled with rich discussions, companionship and delicious food.

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons. 17th century café in England.

According to coffee historian Ian Bersten, the brewing styles also evolved from country to country in part due to genetics. While many Europeans took to taking coffee with milk, Mediterranean people including Arabs, Greek Cypriots and southern Italians took their coffee straight and often well-sweetened because they tended to be lactose-intolerant.

“From the two ends of Europe,” writes Bersten, “There eventually developed two totally different ways to brew this new commodity — either filtered in Northern Europe or espresso style in Southern Europe. The intolerance to milk may have even caused cappuccinos to be smaller in Italy so that milk intolerance problems could be minimized.”

Image Credit: Getty Images

While global coffee production has declined in Yemen, there are still attempts to revive cultivation to its former trading glory.

As the famous song by Ayoub Tarish goes, “Yemeni coffee, oh pearl, oh treasure above the tree; Whoever grows you, will never be poor or humiliated.”

Hyacinth Mascarenhas  is a graduate of the George Washington University where she majored in Journalism and Mass Communications.

Her interests include cultural, social and political trends in the Middle East and South Asia, as well as human rights issues across ..




July 2021

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