Posts Tagged ‘Kamal Jumblat’
Notes and comments on FB and Twitter. Part 25
Yesterday, Dec. 23, 2016, the UN issued a resolution summoning Israel to desist from further settlements in the West Bank. Israel vowed to empty this resolution from any effects. Like practically killing the spirit of UN resolution 198 of 1948 declaring the Right of Return for Palestinians to their homeland.
Most new politicians have excessive good intentions. Otherwise, how could they indulge in this nasty business?
What insomnia can generate in Black Matter hypotheses
Black Matters essentially fill the intergalactic spaces. It’s main purpose is to delay the pull of the larger galaxy of smaller ones by reducing the accelerated attraction. Eventually, black matter infiltrates and invade galactic space to fill the void. It then generate these phenomena: 1) It plays the catalyst for enhancing the explosion of supernova by preventing it from naturally dissipating surplus energy to it environment. The dissipated energy from the explosion transform portion of black matter into live matter that reach planets in the form of gamma rays. 2) It accelerates the dying process of White Star by playing the buffer zone for Not allowing external sources of energy to come in. A Dwarf Star are then invaded with black matter and become the hub for a nascent Black Hole
Kamal Jumblat wrote in 1976: The Syrian military occupation of Lebanon will terminally harm Hafez Assad. Assad’s theory that protecting the Christian Maronite sect (with entrenched Crusader/Zionist mentality) will encourage them to side with “Arab” cause is too far fetched
The US Congress and Senate is doing far more harm to people in Middle-East than a WW3 war in the region. Too lazy in the mind. Israel Knesset discuss more at length the issues in this region.
The Palestinian Authority in the occupied West bank strategy should be to extend the conditions so that towns and villages could sustain civil disobedience in the medium-term
Get the last paper issue of the Al Safir. And read the interviews of the leaders who passed away. You’ll learn something you don’t know.
On ne pouvait pas se contenter du melodrama et des sauces pathétiques: Tout doit avoir un sens.
Nul besoin de déranger les saints pour etre des fils de putes.
La volonté d’éclairer la destiné de l’homme, que du destin d’un seul etre aimé.
Le Libanais avait du mal a réfrainer ses sarcasmes. Qu’y avait -il de devin, de sacré et d’occulte dans une bande de camorra óu le faible est ecrasé et le fort prend sa place?
Une organization mafieuse de la loi de la rue, version terrible, sans drapeau et sans honneur.
Personne ne me fera voir dans le comportement sexuel des personnes le critére du bien et du mal.
Hiroshima, Buchenwald, pelotons d’ execution. la terreur, et la torture… sont mille fois plus horrible et funeste que l’ incest ou coucher avec sa mére
Trop de controle peut s’averer dangereux: il faut ouvrire quelques évents. Il vaut mieux provoquer de petites pétarades, quelques petit “muort”.
Peut etre que les amoureux ne savent pas s’y prendre: Ils cherchent de tous les cotés.
On avait a peine 10 ans. Le patissier Michka etait un grand artiste. Apres avoir observé ses ebats amoureux avec une servant, il fit de nous des hommes modestes. On ne pouvait plus prétender avoir inventé la poudre.
J’avais a peine fini de manger les escargos (coquille et tout) que Valentine (8 ans) m’avait tendit, qu’elle me dit negligemment: “Jocek a mangé 10 araignées pour moi”
Les hommes vantars, ne vous font grace d’aucun detail de leurs prouesses viriles: ils ne vous dit pas ce que les femmes leurs ont fait manger, meme des souliers en caoutchouc.
Tout ce petit bric-a brac que l’humanité laisse derriere elle, dans des greniers, des granges… Laisser sur ses rives, a force de couler, a force de mourir, traces de passages… de mille campements evanouis.
Germany to withhold any development aid to States dragging their feet for accepting the return of its expulsed citizens. The worst draggers are Tunisia, Bangladesh, Egypt and Gabon. The best States in quickening the process of return are Armenia, Angola and China.
The Druze of Lebanon and Syria: Esoteric sect?
The Unitarian sect, the “Muwwahhidoun” (among themselves and excluding the Ignorant Juohhal)
The Druze religious sect constitutes one of the most extravagant of sects. The adepts, persecuted by the majority of Moslems, began to keep their distance from Islam to the point of having nothing much that links it to Islam.
The Druzes took refuge in the center of Mount Lebanon and in the surrounding high plateau in south of the Bekaa Valley, in Hasbaya and Rashaya, and in the Houran plateau in adjacent Syria and the Golan Heights.
The Druze adepts formed a distinct community and counted about 30,000 in 1860 when the mass massacres between the Druze and Maronite spread into Syria and Damascus and harvested thousands of civilians.
This peculiar religion appeared around the year 1,000, during the reign of the Fatimid Caliph Al Hakem (985-1018) in Egypt. (Read Note 2)
The Fatimid Caliph Al Hakem (985-1018) was a bizarre and complex person. He assassinated his tutors, gave order to kill all the prisoners in Cairo, and organized bloody combats as the night fell.
He drowned all his favorite women and his spouses in the Nile River, and ordered women never to leave their homes.
El Hakeem forbade eating the main food Mloukhia and many other ingredients, prohibited fishing and to sell fish with no scale…
He was a grand persecutor of Christians and burned their churches in Egypt and Syria…
El Hakem was claimed to have disappeared in 1021, to return at the End of Time.
This Caliph is believed to be God incarnate on earth by the Druze, and he is to be the last incarnate God.
The real founder of the Druze is Hamzeh, of Persian origin who settled in Cairo and was one of the closest to the caliph. Somehow he managed to be spared assassination by el Hakem.
Hamzeh began proselytizing in 1018 and proclaimed the divinity of his master el Hakem. Hamzeh dispatched his emissary Darazy to preach in Lebanon, in the regions of Hasbaya and Rashayya, close to the current Syrian borders with the Golan Heights.
Darazy ended up proclaiming to be divine and was assassinated, but the adepts had taken the name of Druze.
Hamzeh wrote 111 letters called “The Wise Letters”, which constitute the saint book for the Druze.
One of the letters attacked all the prophets and lambasted Prophet Mohammad as the calf, the devil, the bastard and the immature…
The first dogmas is Metempsychosis, the soul is reincarnated into another mankind body in order to resume its purification… This process continues until the Coming of Al Hakem.
The second main dogma is to rally the most powerful empire dominating the region and the most dominant of religion.
“Since the dogma is of a high level rank that even the initiates have difficulty understanding, the Druze adepts must hide the mysteries, refrain from discussing the religion, and externally profess the dominant religion at the time...”. This attitude is referred to by “Takiyya”
Actually, the Druze behavior was to adhere to the foreign missionaries religion who represented the most powerful nation at any period, studies in their schools and worked for them…
At the time, Islam was the dominant religion and they claimed to be Moslem. The domination of Islam lasted too long in the region to be able to shift allegiance to another major religion.
As power shifts, the Druze shift allegiance. (Read Note 3)
A third dogma is to practice “Revenge” as a sacred responsibility against any one who kills a Druze. The revenge should be dealt in a surprise manner, after a long time has elapsed to the killing, so as not to divulge the main perpetrator and why the target was killed…
The non Druze are called the Ignorant (as is the case in every religion), and the highest in the clergy are called the Wise (Okkal).
The Sheikh Akal is but the symbolic highest clergy or the main speaker in the name of the sect: The real power resides in the highest group located in the saint place in Bayyada (the Hasbaya region). This assembly is the power who decides politically, militarily, socially, and religiously for the Druze… (Read Note 4)
Note 1: From the book “Memoirs of Syria: French expedition of 1860 to Lebanon and Damascus“, written by a French diplomat who attended all the negotiations to end the series of secular massacres between the Maronites and the Druzes
The first western published book on the Druze sect (1838) was by Sylvester de Sacy in “Exhibit of the Druze religion”. The book is objective in the description and analysis, but lack the Orient comprehension of the deeper reality of this religion.
Sylvester de Sacy accompanied Bonaparte in his Egyptian campaign and stayed in Egypt for 40 years.
One of the more recent books on the Druze sect was published in Paris in 1980 by 3 anonymous (non-western) authors and titled “Between the Logos (reason) and the Prophet” (Bayn al 3akl wa al nabi)
Note 2: Mind you that it was about this period that Byzantine Empire in Constantinople started another round of major persecution of the “heretic” Christian sects that opted to pay allegiance to the Pope of Rome. Among those persecuted Christian sects was the Maronite sect which fled and took refuge in the northern parts of the mountainous Mount Lebanon.
The Melkite (Royalist) Christian sect, later called the Orthodox Church, was the main persecutor of the Maronites and not any Moslem sect.
It is at the turn of this first millennial that many mysterious and underground religious sects were created and prospered. The Alawit sect spread at this period too.
The people were fearful and apprehensive of the coming calamities, but the extreme zealot people took advantage of people emotional weaknesses
Note 3: When the Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser was dominating the politics of the Arabic World, the Druze sided with Nasser.
In 1975-76, the Druze, represented by the leader Kamal Jumblat, sided with the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) that dominated Lebanon and headed by Yasser Arafat.
In 1976-82, the Druze, headed by the son Walid Jumblat, sided with the Pro-Syrian political factions
In 1982, the Druze sided with the invading Israeli troops and facilitated their advances and refused to confront them…
Note 4: The Takkiya is performed not just on the non-Druze, but this habit applies on their political leaders. For example, the Okkal Assembly were very displeased with Kamal Jumblat alliances with the PLO and communist Soviet Union. They gave Syria dictator Hafez Assad the green light to assassinate Kamal in 1978.
Note 5: The son Walid Jumblat got the message loud and clear and never ceased to obey the Okkal Assembly orders and decisions. Every season, Walid changes his position to coincide with the perceived strength of local and foreign powers. Walid keeps apologizing for his frequent “momentary lapses in judgments“. But Walid doesn’t care, as long as the Druze believe that he is exercising wise intelligence.
“Shock and Steadfastness” by Kareem Bakradouny (May 30, 2009)
Note: This is the second part of my book review. The first part was excerpts of Lahoud as Army Chief
Lahoud was elected President of the Republic by the majority of 118 out of 128 deputy votes after revising an item in the city of Taif Constitution. Item 49 in the Constitution denied candidacy to any a high ranked employee before resigning his post for a period. General Lahoud was elected President on October 15, 1998 and his first public oath in the Parliament said: “The President of the Republic is the only official to swear allegiance to the nation and to obey the law. Thus, since I will be under the Law then I expect everyone else to emulate my subordination to the Law of the Land” President Lahoud had a program of fighting corruption and made it clear and loud in his speech that didn’t mention the ex-President Hrawi or the ex Hariri PM in any sections of the speech.
When ex-President Hrawi urged Hafiz Assad to change his choice Assad said: “The Lebanese public polls selected Emile Lahoud for President and I want him there” The Syrian President had complete confidence in the former Army Chief that he will first, resume his policy of strengthening and unifying the Lebanese army and will refrain from drawing the Lebanese army in internal infighting such as with Hezbollah and thus save the Syrian army any uncalled for problems, and second, that Lahoud will never contemplate unilateral negotiation with Israel.
Hafez Assad was not concerned with the Lahoud’s program for drastic reforms and fighting corruption. Thus Lahoud had to deal with a rotten political system in Lebanon that constituted an insurmountable barrier to change: the Taif Constitution robbed the President of valuable powers that were transferred basically to the Prime Minister and the cabinet combined.
Hariri had proclaimed three months ago that “I will return Prime Minister whoever is elected president to the Republic” Hariri had returned from a long trip visiting important capitals and secured assent to be accepted as Prime Minister but only 83 out of 128 deputies selected him directly and the remaining deputies allowed the President to vote for them. Cocky Hariri went publicly asking that another round of consultation takes place because he wanted as many representative votes as the President of 118 deputies. Lahoud reacted by publicly accepting Hariri refusal and appointed Salim Hoss as prime Minister with 95 deputy votes. This tactic of Hariri backfired as he realized that Syria could easily deal with another Prime Minister. Hariri was positioning himself for a vaster role as co-partner in the coming Middle East peace accord that he sincerely believed was almost agreed on.
It was a tradition since independence for the newly elected President of Lebanon to pay an official visit to France first of all. Chirac was highly displeased that Lahoud did not mention France contribution to the April 1996 agreement to localize the confrontations in south Lebanon and for not consulting him on the government that excluded Rafic Hariri. Consequently, Chirac took it personally and canceled the appointment for a formal visit to France. Later Chirac was pressured to dissociate France interest in Lebanon from his personal animosity with Lahoud and the Francophone convention took place in Beirut in 2000.
In June 1999, assassins of the extremist Sunni movement “3osbat al Ansaar” killed four judges within Saida Court House and fled to the nearby Palestinian camp of Ain Helwi. Lahoud understood that it was a trap to inciting the Lebanese army to start a war on the Palestinian camps and instead Lahoud focused on encircling the camp to apprehend the assassins.
As this nasty trap failed to divide the government then Israel launched destructive raids on Lebanon’s infrastructure targeting the electrical power plants and water pumps. Lahoud asked the Lebanese to contribute to a bank account in order to support the State treasury to rebuild what was demolished; (I remember that I contributed $100 while in the USA). The Lebanese overseas contributed 50 millions dollars to that fund.
The president of the Parliament Nabih Berri told Lahoud “You are an excellent soldier but lack political acumen”. Lahoud replied “If I managed to become Chief of the army and President of the Republic with lack of political acumen then how my path you have unfold if I was much more clever in politics?”. In another moment Berri told the author “Lahoud plays it dumb but he is aware of all the political details and smarter in politics than most Lebanese politicians. For example, Lahoud retains General Jamil Al Sayyed, Director of the General Security in Lebanon, in all his discussions with foreign personalities so that Al Sayyed would testify to the Syrian officials.” Berri had no liking for the strong Shiaa man Al Sayyed.
Lahoud finally met with Rafic Hariri in the summer Palace of Beit El Dine after months of avoiding face to face encounter. Lahoud told Hariri “From the first moment I knew that you wanted as much weight among the deputies as I obtained in my election for the presidency so that you may force on me your conditions. I kept the honest and performing high officials that you appointed and will dismiss anyone that is not up to his responsibilities. I intended you to be my first Prime Minister but I was in no mood to be subjected to any conditions. I know that you are spending lots of money on the media to ruin the image of this government but this not the way to behave with me.” Two days later president basher Assad paid Lahoud a quick visit to Lebanon and publicly supported the president and Hoss PM.
President Lahoud decided to spend part of summer in the Presidential Palace in Beit El Dine and for that purpose had to relocate the bust of Kamal Jumblat off the entrance and waited for Walid to ship it somewhere else at his own responsibility. Walid said “I will never forget what Lahoud did for the duration of my life!” Walid Jumblat tried scare tactics on Lahoud by assuring him that the Syria President is terminally ill and that his son Bashar will not succeed his father Hafiz and that General Hekmat Shahaby and Abdel Haleem Khaddam will take over the regime. Lahoud retorted “Bashar will be the next appointed President and I am trying my best to take on the responsibilities of the President and to recapture the dignity of the State under one leader” Jumbalt said “I don’t like the military”. Lahoud replied “I don’t like the militias”. Once, Lahoud saw on the TV Hoss PM meeting Jumblat who was in jeans. Lahoud sent his assistant to inform Jumblat that he will not be welcomed in the Presidential Palace if he ever arrives not wearing a tie. President Lahoud comprehended that Walid Jumblatt’s attitude, as his father Kamal, amounted to a historical trend of blaming the Christian Maronite sect for having robbed the Druze out of the leadership of Mount Lebanon.
In November 1999, the French Foreign Affairs Hubert Vedrine had a lengthy discussion with President Lahoud. Vedrine had toured several capitals and his impression was that a resolution of the Middle East crisis was less ripe as he expected. Ehud Barak of Israel was sending tactical contradictory messages hoping for starting any kinds of negotiations with either Lebanon or Syria so that he won’t have to withdraw unilaterally from Lebanon and give Hezbollah the impression of defeating Israel by acts of resistance. Barak would not pronounce on the complete withdrawal from the Golan as requested by Hafiz Assad and President Lahoud would not negotiate without Syria approval. Consequently, Barak was forced to withdraw from Lebanon without any pre-conditions because Israel was in fact paying a high price in Lebanon for insisting on keeping the Golan Heights.
Vedrine and Lahoud discussed the Palestinian problems. Vedrine was offering the suggestion that Lebanon refrains from adamantly proclaiming that every Palestinian in the refugee camps should leave Lebanon and just be satisfied maintaining the Constitution requirement of the Palestinian rights to return. Lahoud stated that the Palestinians procreation is three times faster than the Lebanese and constitute now 10% of the population or 400,000 and this fact is a highly “explosive bomb” that has the potential to destabilize the Lebanese social and political fabrics. Lahoud confirmed that the Palestinians in the camps are suffering a harsh life but arms in the camps are no longer directed toward Israel since the Oslo Agreement. It appeared that the financial compensation was already settled among the donating powers but the potential Palestinian State would be small and economically fragile to sustain the relocation of all the Palestinian refugees.