Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Lebanese Forces

Road map of a civil war: (June 1982-1985)

Posted on October 22, 2008

The third phase (June 1982-1985) started with the invasion of Israel to Lebanon and entering its capital Beirut for two weeks. It ended by the withdrawal of Israeli forces from Sidon and East Sidon to Jezzine in the South.

Israel withdrew its forces in phases from various parts of the lands it occupied. 

The tactics of Israel were to allow the Christian “Lebanese Forcesto infiltrate into mixed regions and let the factions fight it out among themselves when Israel withdraws.

These tactics started a civil war in the Chouf (Druze district) that ended with the evacuation of all Christian villages, and the follow-up civil war in the region of East Sidon that ended with the evacuation of all Christian towns toward Jezzine (under Israel occupation) or East Beirut.

Israel continued its occupation of a major part of South Lebanon until its total defeat in year 2000 (over 20 years of occupation) and the withdrawal of its forces without negotiation or conditions.

This phase witnessed the evacuation of the armed Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) from Beirut to Tunisia, the landing of UN troops constituted from US, France, and Italy into Beirut, the assassination of elected President Bashir Gemayel (before his official inauguration), and the gruesome slaughter of the Palestinian refugees in the camps of Sabra and Shatila in West Beirut , contrary to the guarantees for their safety offered by the USA, France and Israel.  

More than two thousands civilians (Palestinians and Lebanese) were killed within two days and nights, the nights of the camps fully lighted by Israel to resume the slaughter hood.

The multinational forces composed of mainly French and American forces vacated Lebanon after two successful suicide car bomb attacks on their headquarters., leaving hundreds of soldiers from the US and France dead.  

The Shiaa party “Amal” was split, and Hezbollah was created

Battles between these two factions will intensify with Hezbollah taking over the control of Dahieh (South Beirut) and “Amal” (lead by current head of the Parliament Nabih Berri) retaining the administration of what is left of South Lebanon.

Amine Gemmayel was elected President of the Republic with Israel backing. 

The peace treaty with Israel that President Gemayel was negotiating failed miserably in May 17, 1983 and the Lebanese army successfully checked the advances of the Syrian forces in Souk Gharb in the Aley region and which could have left the Presidential Palace exposed at the mercy of direct artillery fires.

The relocation movements within Beirut were the consequences of Syria’s supported militias like “Amal” attacking the Palestinian camps in and around Beirut.

This war against the remaining Palestinian strongholds in West Beirut started in the summer of 1985 and lasted for 5 years, which enfeebled “Amal” (the main Syrian supporter) militias militarily and politically.

Hezbollah was set to broaden its base in the Shia population and become the sole resistance power against Israeli occupation of part of Lebanon, after Syria Hafez Assad prohibited the leftist Lebanese forces to participate in that national and legitimate resistance.

Worst battles between the Christian forces: The army and the Lebanese “Christian” Forces militia of Samir Geagea

Support movement for General Michel Aoun, currently elected as President of the Republic

The issue of the daily Al Balad, May 9, 2005

Testimonials of the civil war in Lebanon

This is the story of a girl who was 13 years old when the movement of General Aoun started after being appointed Prime Minister in interim, after President Amin Gemayel tenure ended without the election of a President in 1988.

All the Muslim Sunni sect leaders, pressured by Syria, refused to form governments. Aoun had to form his own government with the military.

The girl used to participate in the demonstrations in support of Aoun liberation stand against the occupation of the Syrian forces, and joined her schoolmates visiting the Presidential Palace in Baabda. She also drove there accompanied by her aunt and grand dad.

The Dekwani area where she lived was under the control of the “Lebanese Forces”, which was at the time still allied with one of the divided Lebanese army.

She once wrote a poem to General Michel Aoun and drew the Statue of Liberty depicting the territory of Lebanon where the torch stands.

Later, when the Lebanese army faced the trespasses of the “Lebanese Forces” on Red Lines that separated the  militia forces, and the refusal to evict the port of Beirut, people were forced to take refuge in basements.

The children were separated from adults who needed silence to listen to the radios. 

The trapped citizens would go three days without food.  The main ingredient was lemon because it killed the appetite and boxes of Panadol for headaches.

The girl’s grand dad cooked on a blue alcohol flame which took forever for the cooked food to be ready.

General Aoun gave up the fight as the Syrian air force bombed the presidential Palace on October 13, 1990, with the consent of the US, Israel, and Saudi Kingdom.

The citizens heard the General voice on the radio telling them the situation so that ”we save and keep whatever is left in Lebanon”. 

People wept and started burning the General’s cassettes and pictures for fear that the Syrian might indict them.

After October 13, the girl resumed her studies at the all girl school in Fanar where the Syrian troops installed one of their headquarters.  The girls would not go out to play, especially when rumors spread of mass graves in Beit Mery and Deir Kalaa.

The Syrian soldiers used to walk the playgrounds while the students kept to their classes and they celebrated the remembrance of the independence at Independence Day.

The students began throwing leaflets opposing the Syrian occupation from school buses windows when passing Syrian check points; the consequence was school order to shut all school buses windows during the whole trip home.

The supporters of the General had a code car honking and poster were plastered stating “The General will return” from exile in France.

Note 1: I had returned to the US to resume my PhD program. My parents told me peace has come and you decided to leave again? A month later, the worst battles were engaged between the Lebanese Forces and the army under General Aoun.

I had to rely on the Red Cross to get any news of the safety of my parents who had to keep to the lower floor for over 4 months and stacking bags of dirt on entrances and windows. I received my request from the Red cross 2 weeks later: Parents safe.

Note 2: The Syrian forces remained in Lebanon until 2005, after the assassination of ex-Rafic Hariri PM. The International Court, after 15 years of deliberation, still didn’t extend any convincing decision of “Who assassinated Hariri”. This court ended up stating that Syria was Not behind this assassination. As if we, the Lebanese, didn’t know that the US/Germany and Israel were the planners of this “sophisticated” execution.

 

He didn’t do much of anything this candidate to the Presidency

A short list of the assassinations committed by Samir Ja3ja3, the leader of the Lebanese Forces militia during Lebanon civil war.

-1-  He assassinated late Rasheed Karami, prime minister of Lebanon.

– 2- He killed Tony Franjieh , the son of late president of Lebanon  Suleiman Franjieh, along with his wife and daughter.

– 3- He  murdered Danny Cham3oun , the son of late president of Lebanon Camil Chamoun, along with his wife and 2 children.

– 4- He butchered Mgr Albert khrysh, secretary of  late Maronite  patriarchate, and his body was dumped in  a bucket in the woods of Ghazir.  The body  was supposed to be dropped  in Broumana to point fingers at Amine Gemmayel.

– 5- He massacred 23 civilians on the bridge of Nahr Mawt in the suburb of Beirut. This was a peaceful candle-light vigil procession

– 6- He ordered the assassination of the Gen. in the Lebanese army Khalil Canaan.  Alek Iliya was the assassin who was killed shortly after to hide the evidence.

– 7- He used axes to dismember the Captain in the Lebanese army Antoine Haddad in February 1990,

– 8- He killed Lieutenant in the Lebanese army Joseph Nehmet. Tony Rahmeh executed the assassination. (Most of the Rahmeh family members worshipped this Samir who was from their hometown Bsharre and they never denied it even today.

– 9- Butchered the commander of Ashrfieh garrison Moris Fakhoury: They cut his penis and introduced it in his mouth and left the body for days in the streets of this Christian quarter.

– 10- He killed Commander Emile Azar of the Berjawi garrison in beirut.

– 11- He killed the military Unit Commander Michel Israili and dumped the body in the sea.

– 12- Attempted assassination by deadly poisons of the three officers in the Lebanese army:  Shamel Roukoz, Fadi Dawoud, and dany Khawand.. They had to receive  treatment outside Lebanon in April 1990. (Sharon must have learned from Samir when he poisoned Arafat)

– 13- Assassination of the citizen Khalil Fares  in Ashrafiyeh

– 14- He killed Ghaith Khoury, Phalange chief of Kisrouwan, and achieved his wife Nora in the hospital after she escaped the attempted assassination.

– 15- He killed his own infantry Commander of the Lebanese Forces Dr. Elias Zayek

– 16- He killed Charles Korban, his own Lebanese Forces commander of the armoured division. Korban was snatched from Hotel Dieu Hospital and then shot and body dumped in the sea.

– 17- Court marshalled and shot his officer Samir Zeinoun for suspicion that he liked the Lebanese army.

– 18- Attempted to assassinate his leader of the Lebanese forces, Dr. Fouad Abu Nadr.

– 19- Failed in assassinating Naja7 Wakeem,  deputy in the parliament

– 20- Failed assassination attempt of Michel Murr, deputy in parliament .

– 21- Abducted and murdered four Iranian diplomats at the Barbara checkpoint. Abdo Raji, known as Captain, was manning this checkpoint.

In addition to the genocide perpetrated in the Palestinian refugee camps of Sabra and Shatila, Israel Mossad made good use of Samir’s criminal creativity .

We cannot forget the scandal of the Zeitouny quarter incident where he ordered 50 veiled women to get naked and march in the street and then his companions raped them .

And you have many blokes clamouring that Samir is the A’s among the candidates.

Actually, Samir is the worst military commander of all times: He never won a single battle, in the Chouf, East Saida, Metn…Everywhere he lead his troops the Christians were forced to vacate the region after the frequent massacres on the Druze or Muslims

Samir Asmar shared Firas Al Ashek‘s photo and link on FB.
'‎جعجع مش عمل شي- 1 – قتل رشيد كرامي رئيس وزراء لبنان السابق.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 2 – قتل ابن رئيس لبنان السابق سليمان فرنجية، طوني فرنجية مع زوجته وابنته.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 3 – قتل ابن رئيس لبنان السابق كميل شمعون، داني شمعون مع زوجته وأطفاله.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 4 – قتل أمين سر البطريركية المارونية المونسينيور البير خريش ورمي جثته في حرش غزير. وكان من المفترض أن ترمى الجثة في برمانا لكي يصار إلى لوم الرئيس أمين الجميل.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 5 – قتل 23 مدنياً على جسر نهر الموت في ضاحية بيروت وذلك لقيامهم بتظاهرة سلمية كانوا يحملون خلالها الشموع. أعطيت الأوامر لحميد كيروز لرشهم بالرصاص.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 6 – قتل العميد في الجيش اللبناني خليل كنعان. أليك إيليا كان المسؤول عن تنفيذ المهمة و قُتِل لاحقاً لإخفاء الدليل.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 7 – قتل النقيب في الجيش اللبناني أنطوان حداد في شباط 1990، حداد قُتل بالفؤوس.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 8 – قتل الملازم أول في الجيش اللبناني جوزف نعمة. نَفَذَ العملية طوني رحمة.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 9 – قتل قائد ثكنة الأشرفية العسكرية موريس فاخوري بالفؤوس. في وحشية لم يسبق لها مثيل في حيّ مسيحي في بيروت. قُطِع قضيبه ووضع في فمه ورميت جثته في الشارع لأيام.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 10 – قتل إميل عازار قائد ثكنة البرجاوي العسكرية في بيروت.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 11 – قتل قائد الوحدة العسكرية ميشال إسرائيلي الذي رمي في البحر لتغطية الدليل.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 12 – محاولة قتل ثلاثة ضباط في الجيش اللبناني هم : شامل روكز وفادي داوود وداني خوند الذين سمموا بشكل مميت. كان عليهم السفر إلى خارج لبنان للمعالجة في نيسان 1990.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 13 – اغتيال المواطن خليل فارس في شوارع الاشرفية.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 14 – قتل رئيس إقليم جبيل الكتائبي غيث خوري بعد إرسال فوزي الراسي في أثره خلال الليل. زوجته نورا قُتلت في المستشفى، بعد أن نجت من محاولة الاغتيال.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 15 – قتل قائد المشاة في القوات اللبنانية الدكتور الياس الزايك.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 16 – قتل شارل قربان قائد الفرقة المدرعة السابق للقوات اللبنانية. قربان الذي كان يعالج في مستشفى أوتيل ديو اقتيد من هناك ثم أطلق النار عليه ورميت جثته في البحر.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 17 – إعدام الضابط في القوات اللبنانية سمير زينون ورفيقه.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 18 – محاولة اغتيال قائد القوات اللبنانية، الدكتور فؤاد أبو ناضر.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 19 – محاولة اغتيال النائب في البرلمان اللبناني نجاح واكيم.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 20 – محاولة اغتيال النائب في البرلمان اللبناني ميشال المر.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- 21 – قتل الدبلوماسيين الإيرانيين الأربعة الذين اختطفوا في نقطة تفتيش حاجز البربارة العسكري التابع للقوات اللبنانية تحت إشراف عبدو راجي المعروف باسم “الكابتن”.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>بالإضافة إلى مجزرة صبرا وشاتيلا التي إختار الموساد الإسرائيلي سمير جعجع لتنفيذ تلك العملية نظراً لإبداعه في المجال الإجرامي.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>أيضاً لا نستطيع أن ننسى فضيحة الزيتونة أو وسفالة الزيتونة حيث جمّع جعجع ما يزيد عن 50 محجبة وجعلهم يمشون في الشارع عاريات من دون أي لباس ثم من معه قام بالإغتصاب‎'

جعجع مش عمل شي- 1 – قتل رشيد كرامي رئيس وزراء لبنان السابق.

– 2 – قتل ابن رئيس لبنان السابق سليمان فرنجية، طوني فرنجية مع زوجته وابنته.

– 3 – قتل ابن رئيس لبنان السابق كميل شمعون، داني شمعون مع زوجته وأطفاله.

– 4 – قتل أمين سر البطريركية المارونية المونسينيور البير خريش ورمي جثته في حرش غزير. وكان من المفترض أن ترمى الجثة في برمانا لكي يصار إلى لوم الرئيس أمين الجميل.

– 5 – قتل 23 مدنياً على جسر نهر الموت في ضاحية بيروت وذلك لقيامهم بتظاهرة سلمية كانوا يحملون خلالها الشموع. أعطيت الأوامر لحميد كيروز لرشهم بالرصاص.

– 6 – قتل العميد في الجيش اللبناني خليل كنعان. أليك إيليا كان المسؤول عن تنفيذ المهمة و قُتِل لاحقاً لإخفاء الدليل.

– 7 – قتل النقيب في الجيش اللبناني أنطوان حداد في شباط 1990، حداد قُتل بالفؤوس.

– 8 – قتل الملازم أول في الجيش اللبناني جوزف نعمة. نَفَذَ العملية طوني رحمة.

– 9 – قتل قائد ثكنة الأشرفية العسكرية موريس فاخوري بالفؤوس. في وحشية لم يسبق لها مثيل في حيّ مسيحي في بيروت. قُطِع قضيبه ووضع في فمه ورميت جثته في الشارع لأيام.

– 10 – قتل إميل عازار قائد ثكنة البرجاوي العسكرية في بيروت.

– 11 – قتل قائد الوحدة العسكرية ميشال إسرائيلي الذي رمي في البحر لتغطية الدليل.

– 12 – محاولة قتل ثلاثة ضباط في الجيش اللبناني هم : شامل روكز وفادي داوود وداني خوند الذين سمموا بشكل مميت. كان عليهم السفر إلى خارج لبنان للمعالجة في نيسان 1990.

– 13 – اغتيال المواطن خليل فارس في شوارع الاشرفية.

– 14 – قتل رئيس إقليم جبيل الكتائبي غيث خوري بعد إرسال فوزي الراسي في أثره خلال الليل. زوجته نورا قُتلت في المستشفى، بعد أن نجت من محاولة الاغتيال.

– 15 – قتل قائد المشاة في القوات اللبنانية الدكتور الياس الزايك.

– 16 – قتل شارل قربان قائد الفرقة المدرعة السابق للقوات اللبنانية. قربان الذي كان يعالج في مستشفى أوتيل ديو اقتيد من هناك ثم أطلق النار عليه ورميت جثته في البحر.

– 17 – إعدام الضابط في القوات اللبنانية سمير زينون ورفيقه.

– 18 – محاولة اغتيال قائد القوات اللبنانية، الدكتور فؤاد أبو ناضر.

– 19 – محاولة اغتيال النائب في البرلمان اللبناني نجاح واكيم.

– 20 – محاولة اغتيال النائب في البرلمان اللبناني ميشال المر.

– 21 – قتل الدبلوماسيين الإيرانيين الأربعة الذين اختطفوا في نقطة تفتيش حاجز البربارة العسكري التابع للقوات اللبنانية تحت إشراف عبدو راجي المعروف باسم “الكابتن”.

بالإضافة إلى مجزرة صبرا وشاتيلا التي إختار الموساد الإسرائيلي سمير جعجع لتنفيذ تلك العملية نظراً لإبداعه في المجال الإجرامي.

أيضاً لا نستطيع أن ننسى فضيحة الزيتونة أو وسفالة الزيتونة حيث جمّع جعجع ما يزيد عن 50 محجبة وجعلهم يمشون في الشارع عاريات من دون أي لباس ثم من معه قام بالإغتصاب

War criminal posting his candidature to the Presidency of Lebanon: And this is Not the main topic

Samir Ga3gea, the “historically elected” leader of the Christian Lebanese Forces, and who served 11 years in a secluded prison for terrorist activities and assassination of political leaders, has officially submitted his candidacy to the Presidency of Lebanon.

Samir is not the only criminal who submitted his candidacy and was elected.

Late Beshir Gemayel was elected president in 1982 under the Israeli occupation of Beirut. And Beshir is many fold a worse war criminal during the civil war than Samir. And Bashir was a confirmed traitor who blatantly and frequently visited Israel and formally demanded the aid of Israel to occupy Lebanon.

Before Beshir, another criminal was President of Lebanon: the late Suleiman Franjieh (grandad of current Suleiman Franjieh) massacred over 40 people in a church in the 1950’s. He was elected by a single majority vote against a clean and honest candidate.

This post is not meant to delve into details of war crimes in Lebanon, and the list is long for every war lord of each religious sect, such as the current Parliament Chairman Nabih Berry, the Druze leader Walid Jumblat…

The topic of this article is “what could have happened if Beshir Gemayel was not assassinated in September 14, 1982, a single day before the official ceremony inducting him as president of the Republic of Lebanon?”

What if he governed for at least a year before being assassinated?

Probably:

1. Israel would not have entered West Beirut

2. The genocide in the Palestinian camps of Sabra and Chatila would have taken place

3. Israel would have retreated to the 40 km “buffer zone” in the south, far quicker than it did, after the fighters of the Palestinian Resistance Movement (PLO) were evacuated from Lebanon.

4. The massacres in the Chouf province between the Christians and the Druze would not have happened (Samir Geaja and his militias (The Lebanese Forces) entered the Chouf at the instigation of Israel)

4. The massacres in East Saida between the Christians and the Sunnis would have been spared (Samir Geaja militias entered the Saida province at the instigation of Israel)

5. The thousands of new Christian refugees to the Christian canton would not have fled their towns and villages

6. The division of Lebanon into sectarian cantons would have been slower in the formation

7. The regular army would have assisted the UN forces in the south and the militias associated with Israel would have been disbanded.

8. A “peace treaty” with Israel would have been ratified with better terms than what was written during Amine Gemayel tenure and which failed to be ratified.

9. The Syrian troops would have stayed in the Bekaa Valley and refrained from approaching Beirut.

10. The sieges and massacres perpetrated against the Palestinian camps by the Amal militias of Nabih Berry (instigated by Syria) would have been delayed, at best.

11. The civil war would have taken another turn and saved Lebanon further deeper chasm among the sectarian forces

12. The Druze militias of Walid Jumblat would not have invested Mazra3a in Beirut with their tanks

13. Amine Gemayel would not have been elected president and the Lebanese currency would not have devalued quickly to 1,500 times less

14. The second largest city of Tripoli would not have turned extremist Islamist, and the secular parties of the Communists and Syrian National Social would have stronger presence in that city

15. Yasser Arafat might not have returned to Tripoli and re-armed the Palestinian camps and cause thousands to be killed during two months of siege.

16. And most likely Samir Geaja would not have ended up leader of the Lebanese Forces militia and left trails of calamities for the Christian population everywhere he got engaged militarily

In hindsight, which governments or political organizations were behind the planning of the assassination of Bashir Gemayel? Israel, Syria, the Palestinian Resistance, any of the Lebanese resistance factions…

Mind you that Islamic Iran was engaged in a protracted war with Iraq of Saddam Hussein that lasted 9 long years of savage fighting.  The cease fire for that war was decided by Ayatolla Khomeini as he learned that he had a few months to live: He decided to extend a survival breathing space for his Islamic regime that was on the verge of collapse.

Question: Would Hezbollah be created?

Yes.

1. Hezbollah would have been instituted simply because the question of Palestine opens the door wide to Islamist Iran to tamper with our internal affairs. The peace treaty would have been an excellent excuse to rally the Shiaa around Iran positions.

2. The frequent tampering of Israel in South Lebanon would have inevitably alienated the Shiaa against the Israeli occupiers.

The day before the municipal election in northern Lebanon two brothers were shot dead by a member of a Maronite political party that retained its civil war period name of “Lebanese Forces” headed by Sameer Geaja3.  A spree of public condemnations by several party leaders alluded to a resurgence of  the “spirit of militia”, transmitted and disseminated among  the members of the Lebanese Forces, after their leader Geaja3 was released from prison in 2005.   It might not be simple coincidences that political assassinations and civil war vandettas increased after the return of Geaja3 to the political scene; actually, Geaja3 made it a point of honor of warning about coming assassinations few days before they occurred.

Sameer Geaja3 was convicted of masterminding the assassinations of many political officials and a Prime Minister during and after the end of the civil war; he spent 13 years in a military prison and was politically released for one main reasons:  After the Syrian troops vacated Lebanon in 2005, General Michel Aoun who was a political refugee in France returned to Lebanon; his party the “Tayyar Hurr” swept the Christian votes in the Parliamentary election.  It is to be noted that this victory came about without the need for any alliance with other political parties; almost all political parties coalesced to tarnish Aoun image and initiated an AounPhobia culture.  Thus, the sectarian political structure in Lebanon decided to find a political counter weight among the Christians to the leadership of Michel Aoun:  Geaja3 was promptly set free.

The civil war ended but the spirit of militias remained intact; all the militias kept many of their weapons hidden.  The militia leaders were returned to the government in order “to give peace a chance”.  Apparently, Sameer Geaja3 got the impression from the US administration that a civil war was a strong possibility in order to tame the power of Hezbollah; it is the Saddam Hussein mentality or syndrom of hearing what pleased his plans and inclinations.  But first, Israel was to take a serious shot at Hezbollah and it failed in 2006.  The US administration of Bush Junior tried one more time to distabilize Hezbollah in 2008 and again failed:  Hezbollah counter attaqued vigourously and close all Israeli bunkers in Beirut and the Mustakbal para-military centers of Seniora PM in Beirut under the names of “Security Private Guard” offices.

The “spirit of militia” of the Druze leader Waleed Jumblat was contained practically in 2008 and then politically in 2010 by officially visiting Damascus. The “spirit of militia” of Nabeeh Berry (head of the Parliament) was also contained practically by Hezbollah and politically by Syria.  Only the “spirit of militia” of Sameer Geaja3 was still to be controlled and the time has come.

This government of “national union” of all the main parties was not possible without the tacit agreement of the US.  It means that the US wants a diplomatic and political resolution of the Middle East crisis.  Consequently, Lebanon was not to be the scapegoat or the excuse for any further distabilization in the region where all regional powers use Lebanon to sending “messages” of disagreements to stability plans in the region.

Beware of the senile stubbornness of an 88 year-old Patriarch; (Nov. 4, 2009)

A serious conclave of all Christian sects (heretic or not) in the Middle East is required.

First some history is needed to set the background.  The Christian Maronite sect was considered heretic by both the Orthodox Church of the Byzantium Empire and by Papal Rome.  The Maronites were monotheists (One God; not three as of Father, Son, and Virgin Mary) and also they believed in only the spiritual existence of Jesus not his physical nature.  Thus, this sect was persecuted by two strong Empires with central Churches.

When the Crusading forces entered the Near East after sacking Constantinople, on their way to Jerusalem in 1100, the Maronite sect decided to pay allegiance to the Pope.  Thus, this sect was saved from being labelled a heretic sect, doomed for constant persecution, and enjoyed the military and political backing of Rome.

This sect has migrated to the northern mountains of Lebanon after the schism of the year 1000 between Rome and Byzantium, and the subsequent major massacres of the “heretic” Christian sects.  Since then, the Maronite sect obeyed the decisions of the central Catholic Church of Rome, both the spiritual and temporal.

The Church of Rome  was the main temporal decision maker in Europe, and thus the Maronite Church facilitated the infiltration of colonial establishments as trade centers, first in Sidon and then to Beirut, to the French and the Italians.  The British and Russia established also commercial centers in Lebanon and had to circumvent the Maronite influence by encouraging respectively Protestantism and the Russian Christian Orthodoxy.

During the civil war of Lebanon (1975-1991), the Catholic Church proved to be mostly impotent to end the war that relegated the Maronite to the third political power, instead of the first since the independence of Lebanon. It also happened during the civil war that a new Patriarch was to be elected. Rome selected her favorite Bishop and the Christian militias selected their own. No Patriarch could be elected after four rounds of secret voting. Thus, Nasr Allah Sfeir was elected to overcome the impasse.

Since then, Patriarch Sfeir made it a personal vendetta to counter Rome’s interference in the Maronite decisions when opportunities knocked.  This Patriarch was openly favorable to the Lebanese Forces militia during the civil war and going even stronger now.  It is to be noted that the current leader of the Lebanese Forces, Samir Jaajah, is the officially a convicted murderer a spent 11 years in prison.

Jaajah was politically liberated in 2005 after serving 11 years in prison for assassinating prime ministers, many officials, and running a state within a state, a forming his own court martial tribunals.

Currently, Lebanon is at an impasse: the appointed Sunni Deputy Saad Harriri (with the largest block in Parliament) was to form a unity government five months ago; he failed, delivered his resignation, and was then re-appointed with a mere 72 vote out of 124; Harriri has no success so far to forming a unity government.

Patriarch Sfeir would like us to believe that the majority should form a government so that Lebanon could enjoy a democratic system of parliamentary opposition. Sound sweet to the ears of the non-initiated western politicians on Lebanese political system.

First, the new Taef Constitution, enacted in 1989 during Lebanon’s civil war, striped the Maronite President of major rights and forced upon the Lebanese a system of fair representation by the major religious sects in any government.  Now the Chiaa, the majority in Lebanon (forming more than 45%) of the population), are in the opposition; if they refuse to participate in a government then the President cannot abrogate a government devoid of any Chiaa ministers commensurate to their ratio.

Thus, a unity government is a must to form any government constitutionally.

Patriarch Sfeir know that formula but he is trying relentlessly to put obstacles to the formation of a unity government under the guise of “democratic practices”.  The other problem is that the new Parliament has no longer a majority of Deputies:  Since the election in June, the 8 Druze Deputies of Walid Jumblatt have taken a neutral position, and thus denied the previous majority any claim to current majority.  This fact also, the Patriarch is happy to forget and resumes his senile stubbornness.

What is in line to the Christians in the Middle East? How to go from here?  Since the Christians of all affiliations are confirmed minorities in every States in the Middle East,  I suggest that all Christian sects (heretic or not) existing in Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Turkey meet in a formal conclave to decide on fundamental programs of administrative and executive assemblies to regaining their rights as minorities.

It is totally irrelevant to dwell on abstract dogma, but to find pragmatic common denominators for feasible detailed programs for survival as a culture.

I sincerely feel that the major Christian sect of “Roum Orthodox” (over 7 millions in the Near East) change their name:  This name reflects allegiance to a long defunct Byzantium Empire (and current Greece is not a proper political or spiritual substitute). The same will go to all sects paying allegiance in their names so that Christianity in the Middle East reflects a patriotic feeling of belonging to a specific people and nation.

It is urgent that a unity executive body with wide range of power be confident to quickly and swiftly preempt any laws that might restrict their fundamental rights, or encourage other religious sects to gaining rights not proportional to their numbers.

Note:  Three years after publishing this article, Patriarch Sfeir was pressured to resign by Rome (he is over 88 years), and a new more opened minded Patriarch was elected.  It is rumored that Rome knew that Sfeir encouraged the US government of G.W.Bush to resume the war on Lebanon in June 2006, after 33 days of terrible Israeli devastation of our country.

Massacres in Sabra and Chatila Palestinian camps in Lebanon (June 11, 2009)

For two days and three nights, genocide was perpetrated in September 16, 1982.  Over 2,000 Palestinian civilians were massacred in the camps of Sabra and Chatila on the outskirt of Beirut. The Israeli Army had cordoned off the camps, provided logistics for the invaders, lighted the “field of operations”, and excavated mass graves. 

Israel Defense Minister, Ariel Sharon, was there, supervising the genocide activities.  The head of intelligence branch of the Lebanese Forces militia, Elie Hobeika, was witnessed over a hill overhanging the camps observing the scene through binoculars. 

The Palestinian resistance fighters had vacated Lebanon a month ago and multinational forces, headed by the USA, were supposed to guarantee the safety and security of the Palestinian civilians in the various camps around Beirut.   

In July 2001, Elie Hubeika invited the news media for an announcement. He divulged that Israel tried not to indict Ariel Sharon, the real culprit of the massacres in the Palestinian camps of Sabra and Chatilla in 1982, by shifting the blame to him.  Elie Hobeika offered to witness in front of the Belgium court that was prosecuting claims against Sharon by the families of the victims in the camps.  

 Hobeika insisted that he has evidences to prove his innocence and information that are contrary to what the official Israeli Kahana Commission presented.  Hobeika said “I am one of the wrongly accused in this case; I was set up and will present all the evidences that the Belgium court demands of me.”  said to a friend: “This is a big and dangerous game.  I was waiting for such an opportunity to tell the whole truth for a lie that lasted 19 years. I can no longer sustain the burden of suspicion in the eyes of my family and son.”

            The Belgium head delegation, Roger Dubee, met with Hobeika in Lebanon and recorded the evidences and then promised to fly to Belgium once the court is ready for hearings on the massacres case.

A roadside bomb exploded in the convoy of Hobeika on January 24, 2002, 150 meters from his home.  Hobeika had once told his friend: “The worst section when you are targeted is the stretch close to your house”.  The area was top security because the presidential Palace, the Defense Ministry, and Army headquarter were located near by. 

The investigations led nowhere, but everyone pointed the finger toward Sharon’s PM decision to eliminate Hobeika.  This assassination was to be the first in a series of frequent assassinations after Rafic Hariri’s in February 2005.

Elie Hobeika was born in 1956 in the town of Kulai3at and studied in several private Christian schools.  He studied commerce and banking and worked for a while at the Lebanon/Brazil Bank.  He joined the Phalange Party (Kataeb) in 1972.  

Hobeika always carried his favorite machine gun HK, and Bashir Gemayel gave him the nickname HK after an impossible successful mission of breaking up a blockade on trapped militias.  Beshir dispatched Hobeika in 1977 to south Lebanon.  Hobeika fought the Palestinians around Ain Ebel for 7 months under the code name “Edward” and antagonized Israeli officers.

The daughter of Beshir Gemayel, Maya, was assassinated in 1980.  Thus, Beshir Gemayel assigned Hobeika the task of establishing an intelligence branch.  It was Hobeika who suggested to Bashir to open up communication lines with President Sarkis.  Hobeika wed Gina Nashati in 1981. 

Israel invaded Lebanon in 1982 and would push foreword and enter the Capital Beirut.  Hebeika joined Bechir on a visit to Saudi Arabia in June 1982 as preparation for the succession to President Sarkis.  Beshir would be elected President on July 23, 1982 under the bayonet of the Israeli army in Beirut.

            Bashir was assassinated on September 14, 1982 before being officially consecrated President.  Elie Hobeika was with Amine Gemayel (elder brother of Basher) in Bikfaya when Saeb Salam PM called Amine to inform him of suspected activities inside the Palestinian camps of Sabra and Chatila.  As head of the intelligence branch Hobeika had no fighting regiment under his orders to dispatch.

Hobeika was elected Deputy after the civil war in 1992 and then in 1996; he was minister of the Lebanese refugees and then minister of Water and Electricity.

 After the assassination of Elie Hobeika, the Belgium court closed the file; as if Hobeika was the only witness to one of the ugliest genocides in this last quarter of this century.  That proves the masquerade of the Western courts when the victims are Palestinians or Arabs.  The families of the over 2,000 civilian victims in the camps of Sabra and Chatila want justice, retribution, and compensation. 

I demand from the Belgium Justice to explain what happened to the case of the camps.  It is a shame that the western Nations don’t take seriously the successive genocides that the Palestinian and Lebanese civilians have succumbed to the Zionist State. 

Lately, Gaza was eradicated after suffering an entire year of embargo on daily trade for survival.  Before that in 1996 the massacre of Qana case was dropped by the US courts. The Horror; the deafening Silence of the able “civilized” Occident.

Horrors of civil war, (Ch. 33)

In 1984, I experienced bombing while on the road and close to home; I think I parked my car for less than a minute and resumed my drive.  

I was once taken to interrogation by the Mourabitouns (a Sunni militia) as I was crossing to West Beirut.

Patrick, my cousin anesthesiologist, was accompanying me in that trip and he believed that we would be eliminated and our bodies dumped; “no see, no hear, never existed”.

We were whisked behind a building for interrogation, and there was a tree in the dirty courtyard.  We were set free (ejet 3ala salameh)  

I visited West Beirut many times to see cousin Jihad and Nada, to have a feel of that section of Beirut, and I tried to link up with a political Party.

The leaders objected to any communication with them, and warned me never to set foot again in West Beirut, on account that the Party could not protect me if I was apprehended in East Beirut.

They said they lacked any leverage  (incapacity) to swap me with other much more important prisoners. 

And All that I wanted is a change in environment and people and “quality” time off. Life was then terribly boring and insecure in the Christian sectors.

I also witnessed in the street of Mazraa in West Beirut a militia tank of the Druze warlord Walid Jumblat driving hard, back and forth , in a show of force to the Amal militia of Nabih Berri (he is currently the head of the Parliament, for life it seems).  I felt worried but not terribly afraid.

I was under the impression that the Druze militia took advantage of a few firing shots to check the functionality of their unique tank. (I reserved a category on my blog adonis49.wordpress.com for eye-witness accounts on the horrors of the Lebanese civil war and many other articles in the category Lebanon/ Middle East).

It was a period of relative peace in our district of Metn after the Israeli vacated Beirut in 1982.

I remember vividly that about seven soldiers of the Israeli “Defense” force (a force that has never been on the defensive since the creation of the Zionist State in 1948) camped for over two weeks at the entrance of lower Beit-Chabab, (my hometown and one mile from my location in Koneitra) but they never installed a checking point (at least not when I visited my town during the day).

The Israeli soldiers just read books under the shade of large trees.  A few girls visited them on evenings while taking walks and a few chatted with them.  I made sure not to drive frequently to Beit-Chabab while the enemy was there.

The Palestinian resistance forces were shipped out to Tunisia on French boats; but it was not that peaceful in the Chouf or south Lebanon. In the Druze Chouf district the Israelis encouraged the Maronite Lebanese forces to re-enter that district after they were chased out when Kamal Jumblat was assassinated a few years ago. 

The “Lebanese Forces” humiliated the Druze under the watch of the Israeli forces. 

In south Lebanon, many kamikaze martyrs exploded cars in Israeli headquarter and check points.

The first such martyrs were young girls, about three girls in three successful attacks.

Let us try an honorific Caliphate for the Presidency of the Republic. (written in Dec. 10, 2007)

I described in a previous article the responsibilities of the President to the Republic after the Taif Constitution to be mostly honorific and that the Christian Maronite sectarian caste has devalued to third in rank after the Moslem Sunny and Chi3a castes.

In my article “Who care for the office of President to the Republic” I foresaw that this office is no longer that practically essential, and if it was left vacant for a while then no immediate disaster will befall Lebanon.

Former President Emile Lahoud kept threatening that he will not permit the Seniora PM government to administer the Republic after he leaves the Palace.

Well, Lahoud vacated silently and surreptitiously on November 23rd with no decisions how the State should be managed.  And the office has been vacant since then, and the Palace closed to visitors, even to tourists whom forgot to visit Lebanon this year also. And the government resumed its course…

In Lebanon caste system, the Moslem political leaders were the real leaders of their respective castes, and their appointed clergies were basically the mouthpiece, and usually cover their current political leaders for unity.

The reverse is happening for the Maronite caste: historically and for centuries the Maronite clergy tried to control its political leaders and evinced them in crucial events, even fomenting the peasants to revolt against their feudal Christian lords.  Presently, the Maronite caste is split between two political leaders, Michel Aoun of the Tayyar party and Samir Geaja of the Lebanese Forces.

Although the current Maronite Patriarch, Nasr Allah Sfeir, had been burned more than once before, after nominating candidates to the Republic and being turned down, he slipped again: he could not help but to follow the suggestion of the European emissaries to form a list of eligible candidates, which he did to the outcry of all the potential Maronite candidates.

General Michel Aoun sent the Patriarch and the Council of the Bishops emissary after emissary warning them not to meddle in the political process for the election of a Maronite President to the Republic to no avail.  General Aoun was prompted to clarify who is the de-facto political Patriarch for the Maronite caste.

Within Lebanon caste system General Aoun is the political Patriarch of the Maronite; not only for the number of Maronite deputies in the Parliament that represent his party but also because of his clear and transparent views and because he has proved that he stands undaunted against all odds and pressures from the West and the media dominated by the government allies.

Just tonight, General and deputy Aount has announced to the Lebanese to enjoy the Adha and Christmas Holidays in peace and security because there will be no election for a President until after the vacation.  General Aoun is adamant that no election will take place before a political comprehensive understanding has been agreed upon by the government’s allies and the opposition forces.

Democracies in the developed States might view these preconditions as anathema, but Lebanon is not a democratic States: Lebanon is a caste political system, not constitutionally but according to an ancient National Pact of 1943, and governed by accord among the main castes.

If the ancient and old Maronite Patriarch is overwhelmed by events, and just administering the political situation through Sunday speeches at mass and forming lists of potential candidates, the political Patriarch Aoun is much more aware of the weak position of the Maronites at this phase of the game and wants to re-establish the real responsibilities and duties to the position of the President.

The successive troika or triumvirate rulers (late Rafik Hariri, Nabih Berri, and Elias Hrawi) of Lebanon from 1993 to 2003 are not to the advantage of the people: It is an oligarchic mechanism for splitting the spoils of the treasury among the political leaders of five basic castes.

Practically, in this Lebanon caste system, even a strong President with sufficient backing in the Parliament is bound to get immersed in troika ruling of the State for the economy to move forward and important laws to be passed.

The difference between a weak President with no substantial deputy backing and a strong President is a matter of quantitative advantages but no qualitative jump for long lasting security and stability.

The main qualitative advantage of a strong President is to using the Presidential pulpit to politically educating the citizens with frankness, facts and firm stands for what is right and honorable. General Aoun has proven to have the qualifications of a strong qualitative President.

People justify our recurring political instabilities to the complex trades among the leaders and castes for prime offices.  Our system is not that complicated at all: it is plainly pretty simple and lazy. If we try permutations to the prime offices among the castes then we may applaud our boldness to experiment with fairness and confidence as a people.

Maybe before Lebanon experiment with an alternative political system that is more in affinity with Western democracies let us try a few permutations on our current system. Let the Presidency be the honorific position of Caliphate in permutation among the Koraichi Sunny, the Abbasi Chiite and Wahhabi Khawariji and then let the Christian castes experiment with the functions of Prime Minister in permutation among their castes.

We might be lacking political rationality after recognizing that our caste system is not functional and still persist in our short-shortsightedness for lack of courage to change and experiment for a working alternative.

At least, if we were a vital people we would have applied the trial and error method; whatever errors might results from our endeavors it wouldn’t be as nefarious as the calamities befalling us since our Independence in 1943.

Note:  The army general for operation, Francois Hajj, was assassinated in B3abda.  General Hajj was the strongest candidate to replace Michel Suleiman as head of the army in case general Suleiman was selected for president to the Republic.  Deputy Michel Aoun warned that this assassination might be covered up by the government as the dozen other assassinations.

We have two major vacancies to fill for important offices now and it appears that our political and security situation is exacerbated and our holidays are shot.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

July 2021
M T W T F S S
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031  

Blog Stats

  • 1,475,979 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.adonisbouh@gmail.com

Join 809 other followers

%d bloggers like this: