Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘lebanon

The mass upheaval in Lebanon, starting in October 17, is growing stronger and widespread

Note: You may read my first post on this mass upheaval

The mass demonstrations in all cities and districts have unified the citizens under Lebanon flag and National anthem: this is a miracle, in this sectarian political structure since 1943.

A few may say that this upheaval has no definite program. I say this reasoning is irrelevant and is a big plus for this mass demonstration: What this upheaval proved is that that a unified people is possible and we will have to work toward that purpose.

This upheaval has planted the seed for a non-sectarian political structure.

It planted the seed for a civil state where laws are civil for personal status and away from the religious sects privileges.

It planted the seed for an election law that restrict voting to the affiliation to religious sects.

This upheaval has backfired on all these militia/mafia “leaders” of the civil war, in control for 3 decades.

These militia “leaders” inserted their hooligans to disrupt this growing unified movement: they gave order to set fire on building, break in private properties, destroy public institutions and set fires on tires to block the main highways…

In fact, the hooligans of Nabih Berry (chairman of the parliament for 28 years and the main militia leaders who distribute the stolen wealth to the other militia partners) have confronted the peaceful protesters in Tyre (his stronghold) and Nabatiyyeh with weapons and violent body activities.

The army was forced to disperse the protesters in downtown Beirut and arrest the hooligans. Actually, it is the “soldiers” assigned to Nabih Berry around the parliament that acted most violently against dozens of the peaceful demonstrators. “Shou hal wejj el 7elo. Khood hal box”

The army even cracked down in Tripoli and arrested many who contributed in using machine guns.

We have no news if the army entered Tyre to round up Nabih’s hooligans. It seems the local channels got scared of Nabih’s warning and desisted of covering what is taking place in Type.

Today, Nabatiyyeh is scintillating with thousands of personal lights: Hezbollah got it right that this upheaval is legitimate and peaceful. I guess this is a strong message against the Amal militia of Nabih Berry.

Today, the upheaval grew stronger and the hooligans were absent from all the scenes: the militia “leaders” got the message clear and loud: the protesters can pinpoint them and the army is ready to quickly arrest them and prosecute them.

The secretary general of Hezbollah, Hassan Nasrallah, delivered his speech in Baalbak this morning. He said:

  1. There will be no resignation of the government. Otherwise, we will have to wait another year to constitute another government. And Lebanon cannot contemplate this luxury since we have a short period to re-establish a viable resolution.
  2. The option of a government of technocrats will be brought down within 2 weeks by the same “leaders’ demanding this alternative.
  3. Going for another election will take a year. We will have to discuss a new election law that takes a great time. And in any case, the parliament will basically end up being constituted by the same members
  4. All those politicians who controlled this political structure in the last 3 decades should Not hope for a bygone be  bygone: They will be prosecuted and their stolen wealth restituted.
  5. He claimed that this mass upheaval was Not planned by any foreign powers or even internal parties: it was carried out by citizens who could no longer suffer hunger, frustration, indignities… by this rotten ruling classes.

My conjecture is that the accumulated comments and opinions on social platforms (positive or negative) have increased the awareness of the citizens on their state of affairs. Every wrong doing committed by a politician or a high ranking member in the various institutions created a web of endemic deep structural reality in the entire  political scene.

The masses finally got aware of this kleptocracy class of politicians and financiers who have monopolies on every kind of consumer goods, energy, services and financial transactions

Here are a few of my notes and comments:

It is 10 am.  The carts in supermarkets are overflowing with goods. Kind of fearing the worst to happen?

(mfawleen chariots? thikat awta min 7arb 2006?)

The militia “leaders” desisted today from unleashing their hooligans

(Zo3ama militias dabdabo zo3raanon. Intahat al khouwaat)

I see cars “protesting”: young people driving fancy cars, the Lebanese flag planted inside the windows. They are Not hungry, but pocket money is being reduced in this financial crisis.

(Tazaahor bil Voitures. Shakko 3alam Loubnan bil shebbak. Moush jou3aneen. “Argent de Poche” ma kaafi)

I feel that all politicians, current and former, are scared shit and getting ready to leave the country, especially, those who used hooligans against the protesters. First, their wives and children leave, carrying the cash and Jewelries. Actually many have already fled in their luxury yachts and private jets.

(E7ssassi, kel al politicians, 7ali wa saabek, 3am yi dobbo shinaton, especially, eli hayyajo zo3ranon wa e3tado 3al moutazahireen. 3am yi shekho wa yi tommo.
their wives and sons and daughters have already fled with their cash and jewelry.
Seniora ila Egypt
Mikati ila Morocco
Berry ila Detroit yefta7 gas stations.
Walid 3am yi fattesh ila ayn yahrob. Momken 3end Putin?
Samir bi faddel Canada
Sett Rida bet faddel Gulf States
Mosbaa7 ila Egypt?…. Any more suggestions?)

If the PM gave himself 3 day to decide on the state of the government, how many days is Al Sayyed (Hezbollah) ready to give this government if it failed to deliver on promises?

(Kem yawm a3ta al Sayyed lel 7oukoumat to deliver?)

The main question is: how you intend to create jobs? What kind of jobs can feed families? Jobs that can recoup the expense of allowing children to graduate?

(Aya 3amal betsed al jou3, aw bet 3awed takaleef al jaami3aat?)

The TV channels need to archive the recording of people feedback in these demonstrations and give a copy to all the deputies.

(Drouri al e3laam yejma3o ta3likaat al sha3eb wa yenshorouha, wa yi kadmoha lel nouwaab)

To current and former politicians and “nouveaux riches”: Make sure your body guards don’t carry machine guns

(Bala body guards 7aamel rashaash. Mosbaa7 ma elo mawte2 kadam la bi Trablos wa la bi Loubnan: Exiled for trying to join the protesters in his luxury cars and well armed body guards)

Israel is as cunning as the Romans: the Romans decided Not to confront directly Hannibal and instead starved his army

(Israel 3akrouti metel al Roumaan: decided Not to confront Hanibaal directly: jawwa3et jaisho wal moukaawami)

How the PM is considering the 72 hours to calm the uprising? Decide that the deputy blocks of Moustakbal, Tayyar and Hezbollah are big enough and homogeneous enough to carry out the intended reforms? And shed this government from the parties that are “actually in the opposition”, like Samir and Walid?

(72 hours 7atta Sa3ed yi karrer: al eslaa7 ma3 al Tayyar wa Hezbollah, wa yi tayyez 3a Walid was Samir. Bi hal 7aali bi sour fi mouwalaat wa mou3aradad. Sheyyab drouri yen zaa7. Walid modtarr yen khonret li anno ma3zool min kel al jihaat)

La folie c’est de faire la meme routine et d’esperer que ca change?

(Une autre revolte jusqu’a ce que zo3raan al militias tet3ab?)

And now? What kind of discussions are going around among the political leaders? And how are they communicating? Using What’sApp?

(wa halla2 shou? ayat nawe3 min al ta7aawor? ayat khitabaat mjahzeen?)

3 days to allow the wives of politicians to leave with their cash and Jewels?

(3 ayaam 7atta neswanon yohrbo ma3 Cash wa moujawharaat?)

I warned Raya Hassan (minister of interior): Do Not use gas canister.

(Bahdalti 7aalek wa intahat mesdaakiyat Sa3ed).

Just suppose the political kleptocracy class (Faassed) agreed to return his wealth, will Switzerland and the USA return these wealth to the government? About $320 bn?

Note 1: Not a single politician (current or former) dared to join this upheaval: they got the message pretty loud that they are Not welcomed and considered to be part of this downhill trend in Lebanon. Good intentions do Not count: their actions are on trial. Actually, even singers and entertainers got the message: “You are part of this structure”

Note 2: My conjecture is that the accumulated comments and opinions on social platforms (positive or negative) have increased the awareness of the citizens on their state of affairs.

Note 3: If this phenomena in Lebanon took so long to galvanize the “left-behind” grass root and totally forgotten, it is mainly because of the Silent Majority who considered themselves “above the fray“, for one reason or another.

There are classes of educated citizens who cared about international state of affairs (climate change, pollution, human rights…) and considered focusing on Lebanon society “beneath” their worries or mental “complex” level. Kind if they have a good paying job or business, then the rest is Not of their concern.

There are classes of entrepreneurs who managed to have the backing of a politician and wouldn’t dare ruin their business on “petty free expression”  (The politician had a share in the business without paying a cent, mafia/khouwwi).

Many parents thought they are part of the “leader” entourage and denied their children to critique the leader or have an opinion on social media…

Note 4: The public servants constitute one third of working force in Lebanon. They didn’t rely on their meager salary, but on the bakhshish for every transaction in their institutions. In the last 3 years, these “servants” discovered that money is getting too tight for the normal citizen who didn’t want to waste their little money on redundant transactions



Why Saad Hariri, current Lebanon PM, donated $16 million to a call girl?

Love you my Saad“?

In an affidavit cited in the court documents, Ms. van der Merwe (a South Africa model) said she had been recruited at age 19 to travel to an exclusive resort in the Seychelles Islands called The Plantation Club that was “frequented by some of the richest private individuals in the world,” including billionaires “for whom money is no object.”

At this “playground of the super wealthy,” she said, “it is the norm for lavish parties and events to be held” and models were flown in “to lend a sense of glamour and exclusivity.”

The models’ passports were taken when they arrived and they were forbidden from taking photos.

Ms. van der Merwe spent four days at the resort in 2012, and connected with people she met because of her “healthy lifestyle” and other qualities. “I have also been told that I have a very engaging personality,” she said.

Other trips followed. On her first two, she flew economy class. Later, she was upgraded to first or business class.

During a trip in March 2013, she told friends that her “dream car” was the Audi R8. After she returned home, she had an accident that totaled her car and cracked her cellphone screen.

A car dealer soon called her to pick up a new Audi R8 Spyder, which had been paid for and registered in her name. She also received two new cellphones, including one with international roaming, and a Land Rover Evoque.

The two vehicles were worth more than $250,000, a sum that was added to her tax bill.

Her lawyers wrote in 2015 that they were gifts from the same “extremely well-to-do Middle Eastern gentleman” who sent her the money.

When government investigators asked about the $15 million transfer, a bank official said that “the sender and beneficiary are boyfriend/girlfriend and are currently together in the Seychelles.”

Ms. van der Merwe bought properties worth more than $10 million, including a house in Cape Town’s upscale Fresnaye neighborhood with an outdoor swimming pool and commanding ocean views.

She also lent $2.7 million to a real estate company her father was involved with and made other transactions, leaving $537,000 in her account, she said.

The tax authorities considered her claim that the money was a gift implausible and suspected the funds had been for her father, Gary van der Merwe, a businessman who had fought repeated court battles with the tax authorities over his own business dealings.

The authorities levied income tax on the sum, froze Ms. van der Merwe’s assets and appointed a curator to oversee them until the matter was settled.

So Mr. Hariri stepped in again, sending Ms. van der Merwe an additional $1 million to help cover her legal and living expenses, according to court documents.

In correspondence with the tax authorities, Ms. van der Merwe’s lawyers acknowledged it was hard to believe that “such largess was bestowed on a young girl” by someone with whom she had “a casual relationship.” But Ms. van der Merwe insisted the money and cars were gifts for her personal use with no conditions.

She reached a settlement with the tax authorities in 2016, which she appealed last year. A judge dismissed that case this month.

In January, she sued government officials for $65 million in damages she attributed to the tax authorities’ pursuit of her. These documents made Mr. Hariri’s role in the case public this year.

In the suit, she argues that she had to sell the house because the asset freeze prevented her from paying for its upkeep. She also says the court cases and related publicity had caused irreparable damage to her career and severed her link to Mr. Hariri.

By Ben Hubbard

  • BEIRUT, Lebanon —
  • The prime minister of Lebanon gave more than $16 million to a South African bikini model who said they had a romantic relationship after they met at a luxury resort in the Seychelles, according to South African court documents obtained by The New York Times.

The prime minister, Saad Hariri, was not in office when he sent the money starting in 2013, and the transfer does not appear to have violated any Lebanese or South African laws.

He was 43 at the time of the first transfer, in 2013. He was then running family businesses in construction and other domains and living in France and Saudi Arabia.

Mr. Hariri, second from left, with his wife Lara, their son Hussam, left, and President Emmanuel Macron of France in Paris in 2017.

CreditMustafa Yalcin/Anadolu Agency, via Getty Images

But the revelation in a South African court case this year of the extravagant gifts to a younger model comes during a difficult period for Mr. Hariri, the top Sunni Muslim politician in Lebanon

The gifts have no clear tie to Lebanon’s current economic woes and Mr. Hariri, a married father of three, was sufficiently wealthy to have made the payments himself.

Forbes magazine estimated his net worth in 2013 at $1.9 billion, thanks largely to business interests he inherited after his father, Rafik Hariri, who also served as prime minister, was assassinated in Beirut in 2005.

Note 1: (Actually, no one from the Hariri clan paid inheritance taxes to Lebanon government, thanks to their associate Fouad Seniora, who was minister of finance at the time of the assassination and who became a PM shortly after)

Note 2: Thousands of employees of Saad many enterprises (created by his late father) found themselves out of jobs and have Not been paid for many months. The latest, is closing the Future Movement TV channel “Al Moustakbal“. In Tripoli, demonstrators removed Saad huge picture and burned it.

Note 3: My conjecture is that Saad was paying for the pack of Saudi princes who set up orgies where ever they go abroad. He was the “bouc emissaire” since he is Not considered a prince in Saudi Kingdom and does Not enjoy their many privileges.

Consequence of Israel pre-emptive war on Lebanon in June 2006

Israel launched a pre-emptive war on Lebanon in 2006 that lasted 33 days. Monstrous infrastructure devastation ensued that cost Lebanon $15 bn.

2,000 Lebanese died and four fold were injured and handicapped. Israel lost thousands of its soldiers, on land and on sea, and a third of Israel population were incarcerated in shelters for the duration.

Supposedly, Israel was attacking Hezbollah, but every region in Lebanon was hit with fighter jets bombs and missiles. In the last day of the ceasefire, Israel dropped million of cluster bombs delivered to it from Scottish manufacturers and weapon reserved by order of Blair PM. 13 years later, many civilians are killed or handicapped from these cluster bombs.

1,5 million Lebanese civilians took refuge inside Lebanon or in Syria and 200,000 left to overseas  countries to start a new life.

over 30,500  houses were demolished and 350 towns terribly devastated.

16 main hospital knocked down and 15% of schools targeted.

120,000 public servants were out of work in 33 days.

91 main bridges bombed and 650 km of road damaged

92,000 trees lost.

Once the cease fire was declared on July 15, almost all southern citizens returned immediately, using makeshift bridges to reach their towns and homes.

The Government had warn them Not to return on the excuse of fear of “Not exploded bombs”, but they did return and won the war: Israel wished the south be vacated by its inhabitants and this project failed miserably.

A few Gulf States tried to be forgiven by their support of Israel war and tried a reconstruction of Lebanese towns and bridges.

Since 2006, Israel population and army declined to go to war on Hezbollah: this horror fiasco is still in their psychic, as well of the experience of living in shelter.

I did write my diary of this war and how the Lebanese behaved.

What is more potent for crimes against humanity? The UN rights of laws or national laws in the case of Lebanese traitor Amer Elias Fakhoury?

جرائم الفاخوري ،بين قانون العقوبات اللبناني و القانون الدولي الانساني

تسمرت البلاد دهشةً على مدى الايام المنصرمة امام تسلل العميل عامر الياس الفاخوري الى لبنان عبر مطار بيروت تسللا مشرعنا،

من خلال المساعدة اللوجستية التي سبقت و مهدت لعودته، بإسقاط العقوبةالتي قضت عليه بها المحكمة العسكرية الدائمة بجناية الاتصال بالعدو و التعامل معه ،و من خلال استرداد او الغاء وثيقة الإتصال الصادرة بحقه عن مخابرات الجيش اللبناني، و التي تصدر عادة بحق العملاء نظرا لخطورتهم امنيا،

وفي قراءة للمشهد العام في البلاد يتضح وجود انقسام غير معلن بين من يعتقد مطمئنا بأن قضية العميل الفاخوري بحكم المنتهية استنادا الى فكرة سقوط العقوبة المحكوم بها عليه من المحكمة العسكرية بمرور الزمن ، و لكن دون المجاهرة بهذا الاطمئنان الذي يخفي رغبة في افتتاح مسار فعلي لتسوية اوضاع العملاء، و بالتالي تشريع ابواب عودتهم

و بين غاضب و مستنكر لهذا التسلل، و رافض للتسليم بفكرة سقوط العقوبات عن العملاء، و امكانية عودتهم الى لبنان على الرغم من خيانتهم الوطن و تعاملهم مع العدو ،و التنكيل باللبنانيين ابان فترة الاحتلال الصهيوني

على هذا الأساس تجري مقاربة المسألة من زاويتين مختلفتين، و لكن حتى اللحظة لم يقدم اي من المتصدين لمقاربة هذه القضية ، موقفا حقوقيا حاسما بالاستناد الى نص قانوني واضح ، فسقوط العقوبات بمرور الزمن هو امر مرعي الإجراء و متعلق بالنظام العام الذي لا تجوز مخالفته

ورفض الخيانة و استنكار الصفح عن العملاء امر تفرضه مباديء الولاء للوطن و احترام سيادته و عزته واحترام عذابات الاسرى و تضحيات الشهداء

إلا ان المسألة المثارة لا تندرج تحت اي من العنوانين السابقين و لا ينبغي تناولها في ضوء اي منهما نظرا للاسباب التالية:

صحيح ان العميل عامر الفاخوري مدان بجرم الاتصال بالعدو ،وصحيح ايضا ان الحكم الصادر بحقه عن المحكمة العسكرية مضى على صدوره اكثر من عشرين عاما

ولكن الصحيح ايضا ان العميل الفاخوري تجند في صفوف العدو و حمل السلاح على لبنان ، و تلك جرائم جرى النص عليها في الفصل المتعلق بالجنايات الواقعة على امن الدولة في المواد ٢٧٣ و ما يليها من قانون العقوبات اللبناني

ان العميل الفاخوري تولى فضلا عن دوره الخياني و الأمني في ميليشياالعملاء،مسؤولية معتقل الخيام الذي ارتكبت فيه على يد العميل المذكور و تحت اشرافه أبشع اشكال التنكيل و التعذيب و القتل بحق الأسرى اللبنانيين المقاومين و بحق المعتقلين و المحتجزين المدنيين

و الأسرى بالمعنى المقصود في نص المادة الرابعة من اتفاقية جنيف الثالثة هم الذين ينتمون الى مجموعة من الفئات المحمية بالاتفاقية، بينها اعضاء حركات المقاومة وفقا لنص الفقرة ٢ من المادة الرابعة ،

و في البروتوكول الملحق باتفاقية جنيف جرى التوسع في تعريف اسير الحرب تبعا لإضفاء صفة النزاع المسلح الدولي على حروب التحرير الوطني
وقد حظرت اتفاقية جنيف الثالثة في المادة ١٣ منها تعذيب و اساءة معاملة الاسرى، و الحط من كرامتهم الانسانية و ممارسة الاعمال المفضية الى الموت عليهم

اما الجرائم ضد الانسانية التي حظرتها المواثيق و الاتفاقات الدولية ذات الصلة و عددتها على على سبيل المثال لا الحصر فقد شملت : الاعتداء على الحياة و السلامة البدنية و بخاصة القتل بجميع اشكاله و المعاملة القاسية و التعذيب ،اخذ الرهائن، الاعتداء على الكرامة الشخصية و المهينة للكرامة…

ان توصيف الأفعال الجرمية التي ارتكبها العميل الفاخوري تقع ضمن دائرة الأفعال المحظورة بموجب الاتفاقيات الدولية على النحو المبين آنفا ،و هي جرائم حرب وقعت على اسرى لبنانيين مقاومين ، وجرائم ضد الانسانية ارتكبها بحق المدنيين من عائلات المقاومين ، من خلال اعتقال اباء او اخوة او اخوات او امهات او بنات او زوجات الأسرى المقاومين و تعذيبهم بالتزامن و على مرأى بعضهم بعضا بهدف كسر ارادات المقاومين و الحط من كرامتهم الانسانية ،

و فضلا عن اكتساب العميل جنسية العدو، و بمعزل عن رفض او قبول فكرة سقوط العقوبة الصادرة بحقه ، فإن العميل الفاخوري تنطبق عليه صفة مجرم الحرب الذي ارتكب جرائم حرب وجرائم ضد الانسانية على النحو المعرف في اتفاقيات جنيف المتعلقة بحماية المدنيين زمن الحرب و بحظر انتهاكات الحقوق الانسانية للمتحاربين، و بحماية الأسرى و حقوقهم المكرسة بالاتفاقيات الدولية
ولبنان دولة موقعة على اتفاقيات جنيف اضافة الى البروتوكولين الإضافيين لهذه الاتفاقيات المعقودة في ١٢-٨-١٩٤٩ وهي بالنسبة للدولة اللبنانيةليست عرفا دوليا واجب التطبيق فحسب، بل هي جزء لا يتجزأ من المنظومة التشريعية اللبنانية،و سندا لمبدأ تطبيق القاعدة الأسمى ،

فإنها تسمو على التشريع الداخلي و تتقدم في التطبيق على القوانين العادية، وفي حال التعارض بين نص المعاهدة الدولية و التشريع الداخلي يجري اهمال نص القانون الداخلي و اعمال نص المعاهدة،

و لايغيب عنا في سياق البحث ان البروتوكول الأول من البروتوكولين الإضافيين لاتفاقيات جنيف انصب هدفه تحديدا على “حماية ضحايا المنازعات الدوليةالمسلحة، ويسري على المنازعات المسلحة التي تناضل بها الشعوب ضد التسلط الاستعماري و الاحتلال الاجنبي و ضد الأنظمة العنصرية، وذلك في ممارستها لحق الشعوب في تقرير المصير”

الأهم من كل ما تقدم هو ان الجرائم التي ارتكبها العميل عامر الفاخوري باعتبارها جرائم حرب وجرائم ضد الانسانية لا تسقط بمرور الزمن بالاستناد الى نصوص اتفاقية عدم تقادم جرائم الحرب و الجرائم المرتكبة ضد الانسانية التي نصت صراحة على ما يلي:

إن الدول الأطراف في هذه الاتفاقية:
إذ تشير إلى قراري الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة 3 (د–1) المتخذ في 13 شباط / فبراير 1946
و170 (د–2) المتخذ في 31 تشرين الأول / أكتوبر 1947 بشأن تسليم ومعاقبة مجرمي الحرب، وإلى القرار 95 (د–1) المتخذ في 11 كانون الأول / ديسمبر 1946 والذي يؤكد مبادئ القانون الدولي المعترف بها في النظام الأساسي لمحكمة نورمبرغ العسكرية الدولية، وفي حكم المحكمة، وإلى القرارين 2184 (د–21) المتخذ في 12 كانون الأول / ديسمبر 1966 و2202 (د–21) المتخذ في 16 كانون الأول / ديسمبر 1966، اللذين نصا صراحة على إدانة انتهاك حقوق سكان البلاد الأصليين الاقتصادية والسياسية من ناحية، وإدانة سياسة الفصل العنصري من ناحية أخرى، باعتبارهما جريمتين ضد الإنسانية.

وإذ تشير إلى قراري المجلس الاقتصادي والاجتماعي التابع للأمم المتحدة 1074 دال (د–39) المتخذ في 28 تموز / يوليه 1965 و1158 (د–41) المتخذ في 5 آب / أغسطس 1966 بشأن معاقبة مجرمي الحرب والأشخاص الذين ارتكبوا جرائم ضد الإنسانية،

وإذ تلحظ خلو جميع الإعلانات الرسمية والوثائق والاتفاقيات، المتصلة بملاحقة ومعاقبة جرائم الحرب والجرائم المرتكبة ضد الإنسانية، من أي نص على مدة للتقادم.

وإذ ترى أن جرائم الحرب والجرائم المرتكبة ضد الإنسانية هي من أخطر الجرائم في القانون الدولي.
واقتناعاً منها بأن المعاقبة الفعالة لجرائم الحرب والجرائم المرتكبة ضد الإنسانية عنصر هام في تفادي وقوع تلك الجرائم وحماية حقوق الإنسان والحريات الأساسية وتشجيع الثقة وتوطيد التعاون بين الشعوب وتعزيز السلم والأمن الدوليين.

وإذ تلاحظ أن إخضاع جرائم الحرب والجرائم المرتكبة ضد الإنسانية لقواعد القانون الداخلي المتصلة بتقادم الجرائم العادية، يثير قلقاً شديداً لدى الرأي العام العالمي لحيلولته دون ملاحقة ومعاقبة المسؤولين عن تلك الجرائم.
وإذ تدرك ضرورة ومناسبة القيام، في نطاق القانون الدولي وبواسطة هذه الاتفاقية، بتأكيد مبدأ عدم تقادم جرائم الحرب والجرائم المرتكبة ضد الإنسانية، وبتأمين تطبيقه تطبيقاً عالمياً شاملاً.

قد اتفقت على ما يلي :
المــادة الأولى
لا يسري أي تقادم على الجرائم التالية بصرف النظر عن وقت ارتكابها:
(أ) جرائم الحرب الوارد تعريفها في النظام الأساسي لمحكمة نورمبرغ العسكرية الدولية الصادر في 8 آب / أغسطس 1945، والوارد تأكيدها في قراري الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة 3 (د–1) المؤرخ في 13 شباط / فبراير 1946 و95 (د–1) المؤرخ في 11 كانون الأول / ديسمبر 1946، ولا سيما
” الجرائم الخطيرة ” المعددة في اتفاقية جنيف المعقودة في 12 آب / أغسطس 1949 لحماية ضحايا الحرب.
(ب) الجرائم المرتكبة ضد الإنسانية، سواء في زمن الحرب أو زمن السلم، والوارد تعريفها في النظام الأساسي لمحكمة نورمبرغ العسكرية الدولية الصادر في 8 آب / أغسطس 1945، والوارد تأكيدها في قراري الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة 3 (د–1) المؤرخ في 13 شباط / فبراير 1946 و95 (د–1) المؤرخ في 11 كانون الأول / ديسمبر 1946، والطرد بالاعتداء المسلح أو الاحتلال، والأفعال المنافية للإنسانية والناجمة عن سياسة الفصل العنصري…

المــادة الثانية
إذا ارتكبت أية جريمة من الجرائم المذكورة في المادة الأولى، تنطبق أحكام هذه الاتفاقية على ممثلي سلطة الدولة وعلى الأفراد الذين يقومون، بوصفهم فاعلين أصليين أو شركاء، بالمساهمة في ارتكاب أية جريمة من تلك الجرائم أو بتحريض الغير تحريضاً مباشراً على ارتكابها، أو الذين يتآمرون لارتكابها، بصرف النظر عن درجة التنفيذ، وعلى ممثلي سلطة الدولة الذين يتسامحون في ارتكابها.

المــادة الثالثة
تتعهد الدول الأطراف في هذه الاتفاقية باتخاذ جميع التدابير الداخلية، التشريعية أو غير التشريعية اللازمة لكي يصبح في الإمكان القيام، وفقاً للقانون الدولي، بتسليم الأشخاص المشار إليهم في المادة الثانية من هذه الاتفاقية.

المــادة الرابعة
تتعهد الدول الأطراف في هذه الاتفاقية بالقيام، وفقاً للإجراءات الدستورية لكل منها، باتخاذ أية تدابير تشريعية أو غير تشريعية تكون ضرورية لكفالة عدم سريان التقادم أو أي حد آخر على الجرائم المشار إليها في المادتين الأولى والثانية من هذه الاتفاقية، سواء من حيث الملاحقة أو من حيث المعاقبة، ولكفالة إلغائه أنى وجد”

في ضوء ما تقدم يصبح البحث في مسألة مرور الزمن على جرائم العميل عامر الفاخوري ضربا من ضروب العبث ،و خارج اي سياق قانوني، اذ من واجب الدولة اللبنانية و ليس فقط من حقها، الشروع في توجيه الاتهام اليه بارتكاب جرائم حرب وجرائم ضد الانسانية، وعليها تقع مسؤولية اعتقاله و محاكمته بمواد الاتهام، ولا يعفيه من ذلك اكتسابه اي جنسية اخرى لأن مجرمي الحرب يحاكمون على جرائمهم بغض النظر عن جنسياتهم

بل وأكثر من ذلك فإن عدم قيام الدولة اللبنانية باعتقاله و محاكمته و معاقبته بوصفه مجرم حرب يعتبر اخلالا بالتزاماتها الدولية في مكافحة جرائم الحرب و الجرائم ضد الانسانية
وجيه زغيب
محام و باحث

Is Lebanon Central Bank, Riad Salami, living in Mars?

The common Lebanese “citizen” is screaming from despair, frustration and pain. And Lebanon Central Bank chief is simply listening to the USA ill advises for high interest loans (13%) and the recommendation of the IMF to tax heavily the citizens, already crumbling on high indirect taxes in all their daily usage.

So far, people are unable to get loans on anything because of unstable employment trend and shortness in liquidity.

صرخة مواطن.

بما أن حاكم مصرف لبنان رياض سلامة عم بطالب بزيادة ٥٠٠٠ ل.ل. على البنزين وزيادة الضريبة على القيمة المضافة، حابب أسئله كم سؤال:

١- بتعرف يا رياض أنه إشتراك الموتور بين ٨٠ و١٠٠ ألف ل.ل. شهريًا؟؟
٢- بتعرف يا سلامة أنه فاتورة الكهربا بين ٤٠ و ٥٠ ألف ل.ل. شهريًا ؟؟
٣- بتعرف يا حاكم انه فاتورة الهاتف المنزلي بين ٤٠ و٥٠ الف ل.ل. شهريًا ؟؟
٤- بتعرف يا رياض أنه فاتورة الهاتف الخليوي بين ٤٠ و٥٠ الف شهريًا ؟؟
٥- بتعرف يا سلامة انه فاتورة أشتراك الدش ٢٠ الف ل.ل. شهريًا ؟؟
٦- بتعرف يا حاكم أنه آجار البيت أو كمبيالة البنك ليلي شاري بين ٦٠٠ و٨٠٠ الف ل.ل. شهريًا ؟؟
٧- بتعرف يا رياض انه اللبناني بحاحة لبنزين ليتنقل ما بين ٢٠٠ الف و٣٠٠ الف ل.ل. شهريًا؟؟
٨- بتعرف يا سلامة انه هول لي عديناهن بيتراوحوا ما بين مليون وعشرين الف ل.ل. والمليون و٣٧٠ الف ل.ل. شهريًا؟؟
٩- بتعرف يا حاكم انه الحد الادنى للمواطن للبناني هو ٦٥٠ الف ل.ل. هيدا اذا عم يشتغل ؟؟؟
١٠- يعني يا رياض اللبناني مبلش شهره مكسور بيت ٣٧٠ الف ل.ل. و٧٢٠ الف ل.ل.
١١- هيدا وبعد ما أكل و شرب يا سلامة، وما لبس وأخد دواه يا حاكم، وما علم ولاده يا رياض.
١٢- فيا سلامة كيف إلك عين تطالب بزيادة الضرائب ؟؟
١٣- آه مزبوط انت ما بتعرف كل هول وما بتحس بكل هول لأن معاشك بعشرات الملايين.
١٤- لكان يا حاكم مصرف لبنان رياض سلامة خفف معاشك ومعاش لي بيقبضوا قدك، وخلي لي تدينوا ملاين الدولارات من مصرف للإسكان وهني اصلن معن مليارات ومنن بحاجة لقروض يردوا لي تدينون وساعتا بصير مصرف الإسكان عندوا فائض أموال وبتعيش أحلا عيشي يا رياض.

بقلم الأستاذ مارون عكر


A Lebanese woman screaming: Our “shitty” state of affairs

Note: I am re-editing this post to remind the Lebanese that of state of affairs are worsening, with no satisfactory end in sight. (Comments between parentheses are mine)

Finally, an ire Lebanese woman blowing her top and describing our status.

A shitty people. Un peuple de mer(de)? Chattel citizen


 on: June 28, 2017

Nous sommes un peuple de mer(de)

Un peuple minable. Un peuple composé de criminels, de voyous, de lâches, d’inconscients, d’anarchistes, de fourbes.

Un peuple qui ne mérite pas son appartenance Libanaise (ou aucune autre appurtenance?). Nous sommes un peuple indigne (de quoi? d’être citoyen?). Un peuple honteux. (Hiding his inferiority within Lebanon by “terkiz tarbousho“)

Mon Dieu, que nous sommes honteux. Nous, les complices de la République.

Complices de l’immense crime écologique qui a détruit à jamais nos côtes et notre mer. (Et nos montagnes, illegal makaale3))

Complices des crimes commis dans la rue par des ordures aux veines shootées, au cerveau atrophié, appuyés par des hommes véreux.

Nous sommes complices des bûcherons-bouchers qui abattent les arbres de nos forêts pour en faire des carrières.

Complices des hommes qui bafouent inlassablement les droits des femmes.

Complices de tous ceux qui augmentent leurs prix allègrement C’est-à-dire tout le monde.

Complices des politiciens qui nous volent. Des députés qui s’autoprorogent un nouveau mandat.

Complices de ces meurtres insensés de notre pays, que nous commettons jour après jour. Nous sommes nuls et abjects.

3 200 tonnes de déchets se déversent chaque jour dans la mer à Bourj Hammoud, Jdeidé et Dbayé, à la demande de notre ministre de l’Environnement. Chaque p*** de jour.

« Ah bon ? Yay quelle horreur, c’est inadmissible. Il faut faire quelque chose… Mais dis-moi, tu vas à Enfeh demain ? Il paraît que c’est propre là-bas? »

L’aveuglement à son paroxysme. Nouvelle loi électorale, prorogation d’une année, cartes magnétiques à 35 millions de dollars.

« Ma32oul ! Ce n’est pas permis. On n’a pas besoin de ces cartes, ce sont les mêmes qui vont revenir. Ils ne savent plus quoi faire pour continuer à piller le pays… Dakhlik, tu vas voter pour qui ? » La connerie à l’état pur.

Augmentation des prix. Des prix hallucinants pour tout. Les restaurants, la bouffe, les bars, les plages, les fringues, les cafés, les billets d’avion, internet, les forfaits de mobile.

« Tu te rends compte que ma journée à la plage en Grèce – aller-retour en bateau, location des transats, espressos, cafés frappés, petites bouteilles d’eau, Caïpirinha sous le parasol, déjeuner – m’a coûté le prix de l’entrée de n’importe quelle plage au Liban. Si ce n’est moins… L’été prochain, je vais deux mois à Mykonos, Skiathos, Sifnos, Poros… » Bref, partout où ça finit en os. (Turkey is far cheaper to take a week vacation, including air ticket)

Le mépris dans toute sa splendeur. (Someone told me that renting a condo in Tyr cost $250 per day, just to enjoy the beach)

L’électricité sera enfin donnée 24h/24 et les prix vont probablement augmenter.

« Yi, c’est génial. » C’est vrai que c’est extraordinaire que l’un des services fondamentaux auxquels un citoyen (qui paye ses impôts, aussi minimes soient-ils) puisse accéder soit enfin disponible 24 heures sur 24. (The bill will increase this year 2019, supposedly for the well to do classes that consume enormous amount of energy)

C’est donc normal que ça soit plus cher. La bêtise comme on n’en fait plus.

Roy Hamouche meurt assassiné, d’une balle dans la tête, logée par un monstre, après une altercation routière. (C’est devenu frequent. Especially during wedding when people fire their machine guns in the air)

Le parquet requiert des poursuites contre les meurtriers présumés, et le crime ne restera pas impuni.

« Walla, c’est bien. » Bien ? Bien de condamner un meurtrier ? C’est normal, bordel, de condamner un meurtrier. D’ailleurs, a-t-on appris quelque chose de nouveau sur l’affaire depuis le 15 juin ? La naïveté à son summum.

Un mec nous insulte alors qu’il est en sens interdit, on klaxonne, rouspète et on cède le chemin. On ne sait jamais, peut-être qu’il a une arme.

On paye 300 dollars une salade, une viande et un verre de vin. Légitime, c’est un Black Angus Premium élevé dans les pâturages d’Aberdeen, croisé avec un Wagyu de Fujiyoshi et ramené à Beyrouth par DHL… « Je te jure, c’est le meilleur resto du Liban. »

Mais bien sûr. À New York, c’est combien ? Et à Tokyo ? Tokyo, où si l’on y passe ses vacances, coûterait moins cher qu’un week-end dans le Chouf.

Et la plage à 125$ la journée, pour nager dans une piscine chaude (la mer étant impraticable, à moins qu’on ait des pulsions suicidaires), s’éclater les tympans sur de la très mauvaise musique, manger une glace fondue et reglacée, coincé sur un bed (à 50$) entre deux mecs bedonnants à cigare… C’est normal ?

Normal qu’on soit le pays le plus cher de la région ? Celui qui a le taux de cancer le plus élevé de la MENA ? Normal que l’on croule sous une dette indécente au profit de quelques hommes et de leurs payrollers ? (Lebanese politicians are waking up to a faulty economy and a financial disaster)

Normal qu’on fonce droit dans le mur et qu’on le fasse le sourire aux lèvres en clamant à n’importe quel sourd qui voudrait l’entendre : « Mais noooon, la qualité de vie est top au Liban. Et la nightlife aussi. Et les services (pas ceux avec la plaque rouge évidemment). »

Et c’est normal que nous ne fassions rien ?

Effectivement, c’est tout à fait normal. Parce que, même si nous applaudissons quelques (très) belles initiatives par-ci, par-là, ce que nous savons faire de mieux tient en un mot : rien.

Note: I demand that we get daily boats to take us to Cyprus, Syria, Turkey… Why this is Not feasible in Lebanon?

Movable fairs in Beirut: 1971-74

I decided to re-edit my old article “Wonderful early 1970’s:  Movable fairs in Beirut” in order to demonstrate to the current generation in Lebanon that it is highly feasible to generate a mass upheaval as was done in Tunisia and Egypt. It is a scream against the total impunity that our politicians, in this semi-State of Lebanon, are enjoying, those militia/mafia “leaders” of our civil war, a war that no one was a victor.

Our movable fair lasted 4 years, 3 years behind Paris and Woodstock, and if it were Not for the control of the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization) over our political system, which diffused the purpose of the movement, Lebanon would have reformed against all odds.

Woodstock musical fiesta was organized in 1968 and disbanded three days later.  The French students revolt in Paris of 1968, then joined by the working organizations,  ended a week later. The French students revolt of 1968 was a big party with deep lucidity:  banners read “Run, comrade, run.  The old world is chasing after you.” Youth was taking a reprieve by running joyously, a week of total freedom, running as fast as he could, knowing that the old world will invariably catch up with him.

These students and youth movements crossed to Lebanon in 1970 and lingered for 5 years as movable fairs in Beirut, before the civil war set in.

I witnessed that wonderful and crazy period as a university student, witnessing far more than studying.

By 1970 I was attending university, mainly math, physics, and chemistry courses.   Once the morning courses were taken care of, I roamed Beirut freely and all alone. (Would have been more pleasurable and instructive if I had friends to join me then)

For less than 5 Lebanese pounds ($2 at the time) I could see movies, watch theater pieces, or go to the empty beaches in mid September and October, eat local sandwiches of falafel, shaworma, and freshly pressed fruits.

Most of the days I ended up attending conferences, political party meetings, joining regular demonstrations and marches by university students, sit-ins, hunger strikes on the street in front of the education ministry (I tried once for half a day).

Fleeing police tanks and water hoses, or just walking all around Beirut circulating where the “movable fairs” crossed my path, gathering of people chanting slogans against the sectarian and mercantile political system, the defeatist government, not responding to the frequent bombardment of Israel in south Lebanon...

The citizens (mostly Moslem Chiaa) in the south flocked to the suburbs of Beirut, mainly in Dahieh, and labelled the “Red belt of poverty” in order to flee the successive incursions of Israel, under all lame excuses.

The Palestinian Liberation Organization, led by Yasser Arafat, and its institutions were firmly established in Beirut and in a dozen Palestinian camps.  Cash in hard currency spent by the PLO and the various resistance movements maintained the Lebanese currency very strong.

In May 1972, Beirut Cinema Club in cooperation with the US Cultural Center projected a series of Orson Wells movies such as “Citizen Kane”, “The lady from Shanghai”, “Secret report”, “Satan’s touch”, and “Falstaff”.  Wells mostly recalls the negative critics: for example, a critic said that Orson shouts like a rhinoceros” when Orson played “Candid” of Bernard Show.

Wells and Charlie Chaplin might be the greatest American directors.  Wells prefers that producers invest massively on many movies, even if one of his films are not marketed.  He said: “Without men there is no art.  Without women, men never become artists”

In May 1973, the film “Red Weddings” by French director Claude Chabrol was projected in Eldorado movie theater. There was a curfew in the previous week:  The Lebanese army tried to enter the Palestinian camp of Dbayeh (mostly Christians).

A few feddayins escaped and fled through the valley of river Nahr Kalb (Dog River); and we provided them shelter for three days in Beit-Chabab and they were to resume the trip to Dhour Showier.  An ambush by the Phalange (Kataeb) Party killed several of them on the way.

Chabrol has a particular style and a deterministic view on how events should unfold:  His movies are about illicit love affairs, murder, then punishment by the “bourgeois” legal system:  that genuinely falling in-love is irrelevant and thus must be punished, one way or another.

In June 1974, “The hour of liberation has chimed.. Out colonialists” by the young woman director Heine Srour won a special acclaim in Cannes.  This movie is about the popular revolutionary struggle of the people in Zofar (Oman, Hadramout, and south Yemen) from the British colonial power and archaic monarchic structures.

Heine invested two years in preparation and shot the one-hour movie with the rudiment of equipment and finances.  Heine and three technicians walked hundreds of kilometers with the fighters under scorching sun and the bombing of British jets.

Heine conducted interviews in the local Arabic slang the “Himyari” and projected the essential roles that women shared in that revolution along the fighters.

This movie was one of the first to broach situation in other Arabic States outside of Syria, Egypt, Iraq, or Palestine.  Movies on the Algerian revolution were to be produced shortly after.

In February 1975, director Borhan Awalweyeh showed his movie “Kfar Kassem“.  Hundreds of spectators remained in the theater way after midnight discussing the movie.

The film is a retrospective documentary of the genocidal massacre that Israel committed against the Palestinians in the village of Kfar Kassem in 1956 before it invaded Sinai.  Peasants returning from the fields were killed because they could not know about the curfew that the Israeli troops declared in their absence.

This movie was based on the novel of the same name by Assem Jundi.  Issam Mahfouz wrote the dialogue in the Palestinian Arabic slang.

Lebanon of 1974, and particularly the Capital Beirut, experienced extraordinarily cultural, social, and political activities, quantitatively and qualitatively.

First, the number of women writers increased dramatically.  As Georges Rassi wrote: “In the Arab World, every woman writer is worth 100 free minded men“.

Second, many famous authors and poets opted to write columns in dailies; a move that brought them in close touch with the people and the daily difficulties.

Third, artists and thinkers from all over the Arab World settled in Beirut.  Most of these intellectuals were fleeing oppression and persecution for free expressions.  The Egyptian intellectuals flocked in great number as President Sadat had decided to connect with Israel and leave the Arab problems and the Palestinian cause way behind.

Fourth, the Lebanese TV witnessed a big jump in quality of local productions thanks to the director Paul Tannous.

Fifth, many cultural clubs were instituted and Arab States organized exhibitions and cultural events.

Most importantly, women became very vocal and active for women rights and drastic reforms in the laws and social awareness.

Late author Mai Ghoussoub was very young then, but she was one of the leaders of “Committees for Free women.”

Initially, men were permitted to join in the discussions until they proved to be elements of heckling and disturbances.  The committees of free women decided to meet among women because their cause must be priority in urgent reforms and not a usual side-show tackled by reformist political parties.

Arab movies of quality were being shown such as “Events of red years” by Akhdar Hamina;  “Beirut…O Beirut” by Maroun Baghdadi; “May… The Palestinians” by Rafic Hajjar; “The bird” by Youssef Chaheen; “Al Haram” by Henry Barakat; “Hold on… O Sea” by Khaled Seddik.

Karl Marx said:  ”When history repeats its cycles, the next time around is a farce.”  Spring of 68 was a sympathetic and spontaneous farce; it was an innovating and creative revolt with no arms.

Spring in Paris was a movable fair, an all free-invited party.  It was a movable feast for sharing ideas and desires for justice, peace, liberty, and pleasure. There were plenty of generosity and compassion:  Youth was feeling bored of the old world system of unjust order, capitalism, petrified ideologies and dogmas.

It was a humongous fair where affluent lifestyle in the western States of plenty hide the miseries of the lowest classes living in shantytowns.

It was in a period for the third world struggling to emerge from the slavery stage of colonialism.

Spring fairs in the western world spread to most nations where the partying lasted and lasted.

The virus of the movable feast reached countries with old systems destroyed by the colonial powers:  The newer power systems were unstable and mostly haphazard to come chasing after mass movable fairs.

Spring of 68 crossed to Lebanon and lasted 5 years and emerged on a civil war that lasted 13 years and produced 300 thousand casualties (10% of the population!)

Note 1:  Details of this introspection were supplied by Georges Al Rassi in “Stations along the trail of Lebanese and Arab movies

Note 2: This student movement in Lebanon was mostly let by the students of our public university. The public university, in Choweifat, was mostly controlled by leftist-leaning organizations, including the teaching staff. Most probably, the colonial powers got weary of the growing influence of this university that was spreading to the private universities. The right-wing parties , the president and the army were ready to confront this movement by strong arm tactics.

Note 3:  You may read more details on my next post




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