Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Mediterranean Sea of Canaan

Empires that ruled the Near-East: And a quick 90-second video-map attached

You may view first this 90-second Maps-of-War video of the various empires that ruled over the Near-East (Levant) region in the last 5,000 years on this multimedia site  of the Imperial History of the Middle East  http://www.mapsofwar.com/ind/imperial-history.html
 
Traditional History accounts are totally biased toward the stories of the Empires.  In the history of the Near-East (Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, and the sea stretch of Turkey), you find archeologists stating that this temple, that arena, that edifice, that work of art is related to the civilization of the Empire that ruled the region at certain period.
 
Fact is, it is the inhabitants of the Near-East who were the architets, artisans, work-force, and even the ones who paid the tribute (money) in order for these work of arts to be erected. For example, archeological sites of existing theater, hypodromes, temples, castles, fortes, aqueducts…existed for centuries before Rome started building such edifices after it conquered Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine.  The same goes to all other Empires such as Persian, Greek…
 
You may read more details in link attached in note 2.
 
I am re-editing a post published on March 2008 under “Who are we, the inhabitants of the Mediterranean Sea shores?”

I have this theory, backed by historical accounts and substantiated by archeological and ontological finding, that the Near East (Levant) region has been the crossroad for the innumerable waves of immigrations from East to West and to a lesser extent from Eastern Africa via Egypt to the west.  This is a valid hypothesis that could be adopted as an alternative direction and guide to studying our people.

I take the first premise that most locations had their own indigenous people for various reasons going far back to thousands of years; this premise is only just, logical and convenient.  I also offer the second premise that emigrants prefer moving toward areas with abundance of water and greener pastures. The successive waves of immigration have started in full bloom before the seventh millennia of our calendar.

People from Central Asia tended to march towards Northern Iran and then onward to the Anatolian plateau (Turkey), rich in rivers and water reserves from the melting of snow-covered majestic Taurus mountain chains.

The populations in Iran were inclined to settle the shores of the great Tigris River (Dujlah) in Iraq. From there, they forked either south along the mighty river or northward.  Moving south was initially the preferred route because the climate is warmer and because it is almost impossible to navigate upward the Tigris River in its northern section.  They settled and built the ancient and mighty Empires around Ur and Basra on the mouth of the Tigris River which empties in the Arab/Persia Gulf and then they expanded along the Arabian Gulf shores.

The Empires of the Antiquity (Sumer, Akkad, and Babylon) constituted the trading centers from the Arabian Gulf to the coasts of the Western Indian Ocean.  The Prophet Abraham is said to have moved out with his tribe from the great city of Ur, and most probably progressed south-west along the Red Sea coast. (Actually, the Israelite tribes are initially from Yemen, where most of their idols such as Hud still exist)

Later, the mighty Empire of Babylon based its Capital further north of Ur on the Tigris River.

Aramaic was the main mother language with various dialects for each region: Iraq was the hotbed of civilization for over 4 millennia before Christ, starting by the kingdoms of Sumer, Akkad, Babylon, and Ashur. All the regions from Iran, Kurdistan, the Arabic Peninsula, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine and the western part of Turkey were under the hegemony of either one of these empires.

The main religion and Gods, the main language, and the tradition for trading and doing business and administrations were homogeneous.

Moving north the Tigris River the hardy immigrants settled and built mighty Empires like Assyria in Nineveh (Ninawa) around Mosul and in the current Kurdish homeland. Those immigrants who moved north the river overflowed to the Anatolian Plateaus in Turkey and settled along the mighty Euphrates River (Al Furat) and built the Hittite Empire that discovered iron and invaded Egypt, where they were called the Hyksos, and settled there for a long time until they signed a peace treaty with Ramses II.

It is recounted that prosperous Troy was vanquished by the Greeks, after ten years of siege, because the Hittite Empire was endeavoring at that junction to reach the sea and thus, aided the Greek invaders to destroy their natural enemy.  The more recent power coming from the Anatolian plateau that conquered the Middle East is the Ottoman Empire.

The waves of immigration descended along the Euphrates River and jointed the Orontes River (Al Assy, going counter to topography) and built many City-States along these rivers and many reached the Mediterranean Sea.

It is known that the Orontes and Euphrates shores were studded with numerous large and prosperous City-States like Homs, Hama, Tel Amarna, Van, and Mary because it was the preferred land trade route towards Iraq, Persia and ultimately China.

The alternative more direct route was through the Syrian Desert passing by Palmyra (Tadmor) but it was way too harsh and inconvenient.  Actually, almost all invasions coming from further East and North used the coastal and Euphrates River corridors to loot and conquer Syria, Lebanon, Palestine and ultimately Egypt. All these immigrants might have initially fled from persecutions and tribal warfare and also because of changing weather conditions and draughts.

The waves coming from Eastern Africa settled first in Egypt and fled for many reasons to the southern shores of the Mediterranean Sea toward the Maghreb regions and also to the eastern shores and settled in the sea cities of Canaan that includes Palestine, and Lebanon.

A large number had to emigrate very often from the cities of Canaan after repeated invasions of the Moguls, Persian, Iraqi, and Egyptian Empires:  These Empires made it a routine to invade and loot the rich Canaan City-States for their accumulated treasures and for their skilled workers.

All these immigrants ended up in Syria and the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea of Canaan and some settled in Egypt. The ancient city of Byblos in Lebanon extended its civilization and built the cities of Sidon and Beyrouth and other sea towns and invented a new alphabet of 22 letters.  Sidon built Tyr and Akka.

As the Empires in Iraq, Persia, and Egypt invaded these cities the settled inhabitants of these prosperous seashore cities had to immigrate again to the southern and western shores of the Mediterranean Sea.

Note 1:  I read recently that a newly excavated City-State by the current city of Rukka (Northern Syria) is as old as 5,500 BC; many millenia before the City-States in southern Iraq.  The society was very structured and copper was imported from Southern Turkey.  A vast temple was excavated in southern Turkey that is 11,000 years BC.

Note 2: https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2009/01/09/the-inhabitants-of-the-mediterranean-sea-shores-part-2/

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