Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Methane

Heavy pollution of all kinds hidden from the everyday observation of common people. The dangerous regions for pollution have Not been transferred, and increasing dramatically.

Pollution is here to stay and to increase: Air quality, water quality and food quality…

So far, the colonial powers crazily printed money with no reserves of any kind with the excuse that their people need to survive without working and producing what could sustain any economuy.

The global debt has reached $300 trillion. Mind you that the entire world produce goods to what amount to $5 trillion. The remaining GNP are plain reshafling and transferring debts in and out of countries.

The colonial powers borrow from one another at 3% and lend to other nations at 8%.

Every country has a national debt, excepting China. Japan is the second most indebted nation after the US. China is maybe the only country infusing “fresh money” into the world economy by buying bonds.

No colonial power will ever pay a dime on the Principles of its loans: they pay the interests after devaluing their currencies.

Syria was the other nation with zero national debt before 2011, and that is why Syria had to be punished with civil war that is still going on.

Saudi Kingdom and the Emirates were also infusing “fresh money” until the US started to blackmail them to fund terrorist movements and buying irrelevant weapons that they cannot repair, maintain or even use them.

So far, only China is infusing “fresh money” in this financial system of distributing “debt money” that amount to One $ trillion every single day by investment multinationals that do Not add any value to sustain the global economy.

It is the poorer nations that are adding value to products generated cheaply by millions of workers, badly paid and working in unsafe environment.

Green climate?

All the equipments and machines meant to generate green climate absorb plenty of rare minerals in order to work and function: Aeolien, sun plates to generate electricity, electric cars, computers…

Extracting rare minerals (about 10 of them) and processing them generate horrendous pollution to phreatic water, rivers and air quality.

People who work in rare mineral activities have low life expectancy. Actually, China is putting to work all the citizens who were displaced from their lands due to series of giga dams along the Yellow River and other rivers. And heavily polluting the Mekong River that crosses most of South- East Asia countries.

Just for the extraction of graphite in China is a worst reminder of colonial powers early industrialization period that hired children to excavate coal for their iron industry.

Lithium is a main element in the batteries of all equipment, and especially for electric cars. Bolivia is the set to generate most of this “rare element”. The open air deposit covers a land as vast as little Lebanon (10,000 sq.km).

Many colonial powers bid for the construction of Lithium plants and China ended up building it.

Actually, the colonial powers conducted a coup d’etat against Evo Morales in order to stabilize the price of Lithium and amass plenty of reserve of this ingredient.

Copper is another major element in the pipes and conducting coil for electricity.

Although copper is Not within the rare materials, Northern Chili is being depleted of its major vast open air extraction “pit”, in size and depth. Areas within 300 km radius of this pit are heavily polluted and 30% are dying Not from natural causes.

This observation is culminating in the constant erection of utility centrals powered by coal to feed the copper extraction.

Norway is set to have only electric cars on its street in the next decade. And Norway is sustaining its “green” program by exporting oil. Actually, it is an Iraqi immigrant, a petroleum engineer who started Norway extraction of oil in the sea and instituted its “Sovereign Fund” for the next generations.

The emission of CO2 and methane is increasing. Methane is 10 times worse than CO2 as the permafrost in the Poles are melting. Worst, the colonial powers are happy that they soon will be able to extract oil/gas from the arctic and that the northern “icy” water way is opened for maritime transportation.

Green climate? No see pollution around for most of us but here to stay and dying believing that pollution has been under “control”.

Note: This Covid-19 pandemics has decelerated the frantic “trade” in air, route and maritime transport. A few cities experienced clearing of its air pollution for a short while. It didn’t make a dent on climate change: the UN has confirmed, as facts, that the last 5 years were the worst in “natural” calamities. Reversing this trend to sustain a slow “normal nature recovery” requires a world trend in adopting “frugal” lifestyle and away from this fixation of constant “Growth economy”.

Maybe this slowing down of the economy didn’t make a dent in the short term on climate change, but it gave hope that the mental and emotional readiness of people to adopt an alternative standard of living and lifestyle will transcend the multinational greed.

What we knew on Climate Change Before Copenhagen;  

            Before 1992 six States accounted for over 80% of the total accumulated 6 gases related to environment global temperature increase such as CO2, fluor, and especially methane. These countries are USA (27%), Europe’s major States (23%), China (10%), Russia (9.25%), Germany (5.5%), and Japan (5%).  In 2005, the same countries emit more than 70% of the gases.  They are: China (19.5%), USA (18.5%), The EU (13.5%), Russia (5.25%), India (5%) and Japan 3.5%).

            Only three countries have managed to reduce their CO2 equivalent emissions since the Kyoto agreement reference of 1992.  They are: Russia by 40%, Germany and England by almost 20% each.

The major themes in the coming conference are eight:

            First, the long term objective for 2050 is to staying below 2degrees increase in global temperature. This is not acceptable: it means that the world community has already condemned 30% of animal and vegetable species to go extinct, 30% of sea shore swamps will disappear, and a qualitative jump in desertification and rate of inundations; potable water will become scarce resource. For that purpose, the most industrialized States should reduce by 80% the equivalent CO2 emissions.  The overall reduction is to be 50% with the contribution of the developing countries in going green. To that effect, the target is not to exceed 450 particles of CO2 concentration.  This is not acceptable. Currently we have a concentration of 390 particles and the temperature just increased by 0.8 degrees in the last three decades and we are already witnessing the melting of the Arctic Pole. 

            The target should be to drop to 350 particles at most. The main reason is the emission of methane (a gas worse by 20 times the effect of CO2) that the hard frozen ground are emitting and which kept this nasty gas trapped underground before this melting phase.

            Second, the medium term objective is a reduction of CO2 equivalent to 30% in reference to the year 1990.  The actual engagement is 13%.  The US administrations are not ready for even that modest reduction of 13%.

            Third, an engagement to adopting industrial processes with low CO2 emissions.

            Fourth, reducing deforestation by 50% and replanting new trees.  Brazil has already started policies of saving the Amazon forest areas from further plantations.

            Fifth, pumping $3 billions a year into the poorest States to encourage them switching to alternative cleaner energy resources.

            Sixth, pumping additional $ 2 billions a year for innovative green technologies.

            Seventh, allocating $ 10 billions, each year, till 2012 to finance green alternatives.

            Eight, developing an alternative program that will substitute the “Carbon market” due to terminate in 2012.

            According to the Bangkok Post the US President Obama and China Hu Jintao have agreed to lower expectation in Copenhagen. Most probably, the reference for lowering gas emission will be of 2005 instead of 1992, a move that will encourage accepting raising the CO2 concentration beyond the 400 particles. All indicates that the US is going to the Copenhagen conference empty handed in home legislations.  Many leaders are encouraging President Obama to raise the standard unilaterally as a sign of personal commitment and set the psychology of the US people in motion. Everything might restart from scratch.

            The Kyoto agreement had for purpose to encouraging the heaviest state polluters to invest in the poorer States with less polluting technologies to stabilize the overall concentration of gases.  The idea was to deter the emerging economies from emulating the same industrial processes that the developed countries have previously used and thus, saving future deterioration of the environment. A tax of 2% on the heaviest industrial polluters was to generate $1.6 billion by 2012.  Nothing was done so far and the US administrations refused to sign the Kyoto agreement on the basis that climatic changes are mostly a myth.

            The hardest hit states are located in Africa (the western and eastern states), Afghanistan, Bangladesh (17% of its land will be submerged).  The next worst hit states are Mexico, Pakistan, Iraq, India, the western states in Latin America, and many States in South East Asia. The actual facts and trends are changing priorities for the worst hit states; for example, Mexico, Argentina, Australia, North of China, and India are witnessing the lowest rain precipitations in decades for two consecutive years.

More Copper Reserves for China (April 30, 2009)

 

            The price of copper was forecasted to fall 20% this year in this economic recession but it increased 50% instead:  China is willing to pay around $5,000 the ton of copper instead of buying more US Treasury Bonds.  China has purchased 375,000 tons of copper in March and increasing each month. The Chinese Central Bank governor Xiaochuan view the US financial famine to a black hole since the US is about to print more dollars to paying the Chinese State, thus practically devaluing the US currency and reselling the Chinese more hot air.  The Chinese are not about to re-value the Yuan before the US and the European Union restore credibility and confidence in the financial system.

            Among the many industrial usage of copper is the manufacture of hybrid engines in cars that China is putting in its market.  Italy has been promoting hybrid cars for a while and many more gas stations are filling methane gas.  Methane does not emit carbon dioxide.  The driver would start and accelerate on regular gas and then shift into methane combustion.  As a matter of fact, the Green Peace advocates regards the European Union policy of selling carbon dioxides permits to the heavier polluters is not reducing the CO2 in the atmosphere.  For example, Germany has reduced its polluting energy consumption by 15% by relying on Aeolians, solar panels, and biomass; thus, Germany would sell 15% reduction in pollution to Poland and Slovenia that are still relying on coal.

I read in a post the following information: 62% of the World’s copper is used for the production of small denomination coins such as the penny. 84% of small denomination coins are classed by the World’s Governments as missing – it is presumed that members of the public have stashed the coins as savings. On average, each person in the World has stashed $22.34 worth of copper in small denomination coins.

            Goldman Sachs predicts that the GNP of China will surpass Japan by 2010 and the USA before 2030.  India will surpass Japan by 2030 and become third after the USA.  Brazil will be fifth after Japan in 2030.

            China is using its two trillion dollars surplus to accumulating reserves in aluminum, zinc, nickel, titanium, indium and rhodium so that it may resume its industrial acceleration once the current crisis is stabilized. This policy of purchasing minerals instead of US Treasury Bonds is compatible with China recommendation of creating an international banknote indexed on the prices of a basket of raw materials as was proposed by John Maynard Keynes at Bretton Woods in 1944; the “bancor” of Keynes was based then on 30 raw materials.

I suggest in a previous post “The Third World War is Tolling” the folowing: 

“First, the developed States have to agree on another tangible standard (like gold) for currencies.  Gold would not do because the US has abolished it in 1967 because all the gold in the world could not sustain the huge amount of paper dollars circulating or intended to circulate around the world.  The alternative is a basket of depleting minerals that are essentials for manufacturing and production.  The processed minerals do not have to be rare but very essentials for development.  The US can agree to this idea since it has huge reserves in many important minerals.

Second, all the States that can account for at least 3% of all curency circulation should join an “International Money Printing Council” with tight control and monitoring creteria.  Any combined States with over 40% of cash money shares in the global market should have a veto power.

Failing a convincing and sustainable agreement for monetary stability the Third World War is altready in the planning stage as the easiest and quickest way out of that morass.  Only in major wars do printed money with no tangible backing has mythical values.  No, the next region for the war scene is not Iran: no European or US soldiers want to fight in this “cursed region”.  It won’t be Afghanistan: if Afghanistan was worth it then Bush Junior would not have invaded Iraq before stabilizing Afghanistan.  It won’t be North Korea: it is bordering China.  The batlefield will not be in any area bordering Russia.  It won’t be the Congo River zone: no Western soldiers is about to step in this infested and contagious disease plagued region with AIDS consuming 30% of the population. The next world war is in Sudan, this continent/State rich in oil and all kinds of minerals”.

Actually, Sudan is the focus of investment for China in the last two decades.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

July 2021
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