Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Moslem Brotherhoods

For how long Syria society will suffer the after civil war transformation?

The revolt for a transparent and democratic Constitution is still there: It is the Moslem Brotherhoods in Syria and Turkey who refuse any modern democratic process and who will drag any kind of sustainable reforms

الزمن السوري يعيش مخاضاً عسيرا

أصدر أدونيس كتابه «بيروت ثدياً للضوء»
خليل صويلح published:

دمشق | يصعب رسم تضاريس واضحة لخريطة الثقافة السورية في الحرب، أو إنها لفرط هشاشتها وعملها على السطح تفلت من بين الأصابع.

تتبدد تحت سطوة الشعارات القديمة المستهلكة التي أتاحت لمعطّلي الخيال التسلل إلى الواجهة برطانة لفظية خشنة تمنع عبور كل ما هو مختلف، لمصلحة أفراد جعلوا من الثقافة «بازاراً» رابحاً، تحت عناوين رنّانة، تحمي عطالتهم بذرائع وطنية.

مهرجانات، وتكريمات، وجوائز تقديرية، وملتقيات بالجملة، من دون أن تترك أثراً ملموساً يستحق أن نحتفي به، عدا استثناءات نادرة تمكنت من الإفلات بمعجزات فردية تحت بند «اختراع الأمل».

عام طويل وشاق وجهنمي لا يشبه أعوام الآخرين.
ذلك أن الزمن السوري يعيش مخاضاً عسيراً، في صناعة الثقافة، استثمره بعضهم كنوع من الحبل الكاذب لتوسيع مساحة المزرعة الشخصية بقوة المنصب وليس بمهارة الأداء.

وإذا بنا حيال خواء شاسع يجري ترميمه «إعلانياً»، بتصدير مانشيتات نارية لكنها جوفاء من الداخل، لا تواكب فعليّاً سرديات اللحظة السورية في الحقول الأخرى، بمنتج ثقافي جديد ومبتكر ونوعي، بدلاً من إعادة تدوير الشعارات القديمة، رغم الميزانيات الضخمة المخصصة للإنتاج الثقافي، والتي تتيح فعليّاً تزييت العجلة وتدويرها بما يليق ببلاد تسعى إلى النهوض من رمادها.

في الوقت المستقطع، تنمو فضاءات جانبية بعشب مختلف، وسجالات تنطفئ في الحال، أو أنها تأخذ بعداً شعبوياً عن طريق تفريغها من شحنتها بمرافعات مضادة وكيدية غالباً (سجال منذر مصري في مقاله «ليتها لم تكن» وردود الأفعال الغاضبة في تفسير مقاصده، واستبعاد رواية أسعد الجبوري «ثعابين الأرشيف» عن جائزة دمشق للرواية العربية بتهمة الفحش، وتهديد وزارة الثقافة بمحاكمة الصحافيين)،

أو ما يمكن تسميته «حروب الإلغاء». هذه الحروب تجري في الداخل، وفي الخارج (ثقافة ما وراء البحار) بالوتيرة نفسها، وبأدوات متشابهة. وفيما تتسلل ورشة ثالثة ما بينهما بصوغ مشاريع ومقترحات بديلة في الكتابة والمسرح والسينما والتشكيل، يسعى الطرفان الآخران إلى اطاحتها باعتبارها سلالة هجينة ومنبوذة ولقيطة.
لا فهرست نهائياً إذاً، للأجندة الثقافية السورية في لحظتها الراهنة، على غرار ما يحدث في عواصم عربية مجاورة أو بعيدة. فالارتجال السطحي هو من يتحكم بجهة البوصلة التي يوجهها موظفو مكاتب في المقام الأول، في توزيع الغنائم، ذلك أن فكرة التجديد تعني في جوهرها تجديد أثاث المكاتب، ولون الستائر، والسكرتيرة، وماركة المياه المعدنية.
«جعالات» ضخمة تُهدر في غير مقاصدها. صالات تحتضر، ومراكز ثقافية بالكاد تجد جمهوراً، ودار أوبرا اقتحمها مطربو الملاهي. لكننا سنقع على اضاءات هنا وهناك بقوة دفع
فردية.
سنتذكر «اختطاف» أيمن زيدان على خشبة «مسرح الحمراء»، و«ستاتيكو» جمال شقير (جائزة أفضل نص، وأفضل ممثلة وممثل/ مهرجان أيام قرطاج المسرحية)، و«هنّ» آنا عكّاش، على خشبة «القباني»، و«عرض البحر» لمجد فضة في المعهد العالي للفنون المسرحية، وفيلم «مطر حمص» لجود سعيد، و«حرائق» لمحمد عبد العزيز (جائزة أفضل فيلم/ مهرجان روتردام للفيلم العربي)، والمقترحات النوعية لورشات مركز الفنون البصرية، ومعرض يوسف عبدلكي «عاريات ضد الموتى» في باريس، ومعرض بطرس المعري في غاليري «تجليات» في بيروت، و«جائزة الملتقى للقصة العربية» لشهلا العجيلي عن «سرير بنت الملك»، وإصدار الأعمال الشعرية الكاملة للشاعرة الراحلة دعد حداد، والأعمال الكاملة لفراس السواح، و«بيروت ثدياً للضوء» لأدونيس (دار التكوين)، والأعمال القصصية الكاملة لحيدر حيدر (الهيئة العامة السورية
للكتاب).
ما لم يتغيّر، هو منع الكتاب السوري من عبور الحدود لمعظم معارض الكتب العربية، وأحياناً منع الناشرين والكتّاب، في حصار عبثي مستمر منذ سنوات.
في قائمة الراحلين سنفتقد الموسيقار سهيل عرفة، ورائد السينما السورية صلاح دهني، ومعلم السينوغرافيا نعمان جود، والمؤرخ والآثاري عفيف
بهنسي.

What sort of Democracy the Greater Middle East plan has for the Moslem World? (Dec. 30, 2005)

Under the threatening banner of fighting terrorism in the Greater Middle East (GME) region and installing democracy and freedom of speech instead of extremist Islamic salafist religious’ dogmas the USA and its allies are encouraging civil wars among the people and splintering the region into smaller and smaller self governing state-nations. Every civilian killing attempts perpetrated every where in the World are labeled a terrorist act and the perpetrators heaped on the Al Qaeda group which was supposed to have been wiped out in Afghanistan or in most instances blamed on other Islamic extremist offshoots.

Meanwhile, the Western Nations are enacting laws restricting freedom of speech in Media and publications, extracting war executive orders to detaining of suspects without due legal recourse, spying on their own citizens and listening on communication calls against the rules of law in the name of fighting terrorists’ plans and their organizational and financial resources and capabilities.  The political atmosphere in the USA and many European countries is heading toward applying Martial Laws and these restrictive and restraining climates against Liberty and Freedom could be viewed as training sessions for the coming open war.

What is this GME policy?  The USA was feeling comfortable after the Second World War as to its global strategic military superiority and its naval and land military bases throughout the five oceans.  The oligarchic and dictatorial regimes in the Arab World were facilitating the USA policy of dominion and Israel was its local heavy stick whenever any regime ventured to resist it by simply recovering lands captured by Israel or to exhibit independent tendencies with the support of the Soviet Union. The advent of Worldwide organized “terrorist attacks” and the inability to contain that movement with classical military interventions, mainly after the failure of the USA to maintain peace and stability in Iraq, led to a smoke screen change in the tactical approach for preserving hegemony in the Arabic Islamic World.

The code name is to divert the attention of the Islamic masses by offering minimal political representations within the oligarchic regimes which might satisfy the disposition of the people to a first step democratic level of governance and more leeway for freedom of speech and publication. It is interesting to study the small changes that the USA means to bring to the region through the electoral systems in Egypt and Saudi Arabia; at this pace these two countries might require a century before any meaningful democracy is established, for starter the female gender has still to be permitted to drive officially in Saudi Arabia.  It is also interesting to hear the howl of despair coming from the US administration every time the extremist Moslem political organizations are about to win any election; for example, Hamas in Palestine is to be forbidden to participate in the Parliamentary election if any election is to take place and the Moslem Brotherhoods in Egypt are detained and fraudulent election admitted as legitimate; the election results in Iraq need more than 3 weeks to be officially declared while the wide sweeping victory of the Islamists in Algeria was militarily canceled and savagely contained a decade ago.

Not that the people in this region care to have Islamic salafist doctrinal political systems installed but a reaction to the complete failure of the US to regard us but merely modern slaves in an area flush in oil.  For more than 80 years the people in every Arabic country have been trying to experiment with democratic systems and these attempts have been aborted by the tacit support of the US to monarchic, oligarchic and one party regime.

The war strategy is not concerned with the governments, already subjugated and controlled for decades, but targeting the Moslem people in Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, Bahrain and the Arab Emirates.  The Moslem countries not socially or culturally closely related to Arabic or Persian influence or having large Moslem minorities will be drastically contained through strict financial and economic constraints such as Pakistan, India, Indonesia and Malaysia in Asia and Nigeria and the Northern non Arabic African people in Chad, Niger, Mali, Ivory Coast, Senegal and Guinea.

What is being offered is basically a psychological “feeling good” attitude toward the prospect of fair representation without any substantial variations in the system of governance that suit grandly the interests of the USA imperialists. The policy of the GME striving for mega Media propaganda of “feeling good” attitude of forthwith democratic change is a sick chimerical gamble hoping that the average masses will be tamed into moderation or the regimes would have an opportunity to win a majority that would permit them to repress the extremist elements. The Arabic people and Moslems in general have digested the smoke screen tactics of the US and Western World and their god fatherly dialogues that make their blood curl and they cannot be fooled for long; in the mean while precious time is burned away mindlessly with no serious alternatives to genuine solutions.

So far, Iran has grasped the extent of that visible danger and has been feverishly acquiring military deterrence power, economic self sufficiency and utilizing the mass Medias to enlightening the Moslem World to the coming calamities.  The Iranian regime is diffusing the message of unity and integrity among the Moslem masses and projecting the image of confident defiance: it is steadfast on its Uranium enrichment program on its proper soil for nuclear deterrence, saving its oil production, negotiating with Russia, China and India for economic cooperation and openly casting Israel as a spearhead colony of the US in the region.  Iran is not about to relinquish its influence in Iraq or in Lebanon through the powerful political party of Hezbollah or in Western Afghanistan where its Foreign minister is currently spending a few days there to keep strong links with its citizens.  Iran is heading to become the catalyst of the next calamity with the tacit economic and military support of China and Russia.

The alternative to prevent this dangerous trend and revert to a rational and peaceful coexistence is a secular, democratic and national Arabic force to take control of its destiny; unfortunately, what is required is inexistent, not even in its embryo, because of the perennial foolish US policy in this region of squashing the spirit of secular and democratic nationalism for short term benefits. The US cannot win the looming war in the long term in the Greater Middle East, unless the purpose is indeed to set this region ablaze and its populations impotent for centuries to come, because the masses consider the US policies as the master evil in the world in planning and execution.

The reaction of the Moslems, in face of the sustained heavy handed and total disrespect of the US policies to support our claims for human rights and fair representations and abusing the United Nations to squeeze our survival capabilities through economic and financial embargoes, is toward fundamentalism and is typified by the successes of Hamas in Palestine and the Moslem Brotherhood in Egypt in the Parliamentary and municipality elections and the strong inroads of the Islamic Jihad political parties in Algeria, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Sudan in the societies’ fabrics. It seems that the Moslems are reverting to staunch dogmatic principles reminiscent of a coming war with the infidel Crusaders and with valid rhetorical and logical reasoning.

There are a few baffling signs that this GME policy might not survive or a more viable alternative supercede the current policy of alienating the Arabs and Moslems; for example the pressures on the Bush Jr. administration to rescind the restraining laws on private freedom and telephone and internet communication and acknowledging the flimsy basis for conquering Iraq and a popular waves of demonstrations against the all encompassing powers that the administration has snatched from Congress and concentrated in the executive branch under the prerogatives of war on terrorism.

I am leaning toward the option that by coining the term “terrorists” to connote Islamists and acknowledging that terrorism is stronger and far reaching than contemplated that the momentum for carrying the GME policy is becoming a bipartisan policy throughout the USA and the Western World. The quagmires that the international forces are experiencing in Iraq are driving them out; though it appears a tactical maneuver to regroup and figure out a strategy to crank the vise on the GME people and let them succumb under a wretched life of lack of freedom, democracy and poor economic and social development.  The European Union is about to give up on the application of human rights in the GME and is ready to adopt shortcuts to our difficulties and may temporary let us die slowly and vanish in the night.

Let us not fool ourselves; every time discrimination on the basis of religion or color or gender or nationality or custom is condoned inside or outside the boundaries of a nation, whenever human rights are baffled, people detained on flimsy charges and without due normal legal recourse, prisoners tortured to extract confessions and killed in their detention centers then the spirit of extremism has indeed taken roots and the dictatorship system is deeply entrenched regardless of how developed a nation is or how loud they claim to have democracy and the rule of law and order among its citizens.

If we had to rely solely on the United Nations to temper the drive of the most powerful Nations, nations that have the tendency of bypassing genuine diplomatic procedures into direct military interventions toward the weaker nations, then we should be pessimistic about the coming war.  There are a few realities that might prevent outright declaration of war by the Western World to the Islamic Arabic and Persian World; first, the European Union is a complex assembly of Nations that could not be easily ruled solely by France, Germany and Britain in matters of participating in wars with multiple interactions with other bordering Nations; second, the Latin American countries are leaning toward socialism and are verbally antagonistic to USA imperialism; thirdly, the Far East with a heavy concentration of Moslems is not about to endanger its economic cooperation by internal political struggles that do not enhance their survival as a viable economic and financial block; and fourthly, Russia is too aware of the importance of the stability of its former Islamic Nations bordering Iran, Turkey and Pakistan to gamble on a fruitless policy of discrimination against the Moslem people.

However, if war is declared and any powerful nation sides with the Islamic masses and support it militarily then we might witness the prophetic vision of George Orwell for future social and political organizations based on Communist blueprints as he described in his book entitled “1984”; an era of constant low level wars among three super blocks of nations. One other thing, if another world war is declared against the Moslems our puppet regimes would collapse and, win or lose, Israel will cease to exist before an armistice is reached.

If the attack on the Twin Towers occurred during the invasion of Iraq then the US would have declared war plainly and simply and the Moslem and Arabic people would have not vacillated for so long and remained manipulated, extorted and abused by the reactionary Arabic regimes holding on for dear life.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

October 2020
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