Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Palestinian camps of Sabra and Chatila

In hindsight: “What could have happened if Beshir Gemayel was not assassinated in 1982?”

Beshir Gemayel was assassinated on Sept. 14, 1982 along with scores of other people who came to the meeting in Achrafieh.  Beshir was elected President of Lebanon under the bayonets of the Israeli army that occupied the Capital Beirut. He was to officially take on his duties the next day as President.

On April 13, 1975, the civil war started in Lebanon and lasted 18 years: It was a Palm Sunday. This year Palm Sunday was on April 13, and even the people in the second largest city of Tripoli celebrated in the streets, after 20 street battles last year.

This coincidence got me into thinking:

“what could have happened if Beshir Gemmayel was not assassinated in September 14, 1982, a single day before the official ceremony inducting him as President of the Republic of Lebanon?”

What if he governed for at least a year before being assassinated?

Probably:

1. Israel would not have entered West Beirut and sacked the city and stole all kinds of documents and artifacts…

2. The genocide in the Palestinian camps of Sabra and Chatila might Not have taken place. Over 3,000 elder people and children (Palestinians and Lebanese) were slaughtered in 2 nights, under the watch of a Lebanese army stationed in the nearby and claiming to be helpless.

3. Israel would have retreated to the 40 km “buffer zone” in the south, far quicker than it did, after the fighters of the Palestinian Resistance Movement (PLO) were evacuated from Lebanon.

4. The massacres in the Chouf province between the Christians and the Druze would not have happened (Samir Geaja and his militias The Lebanese Forces entered the Chouf at the instigation of Israel)

4. The massacres in East Saida between the Christians and the Sunnis would have been spared (Samir Geaja militias entered the Saida province at the instigation of Israel)

5. The thousands of new Christian refugees to the Christian canton would not have fled their towns and villages, at least not in such a hurry

6. The division of Lebanon into sectarian cantons would have been slower in the formation

7. The regular army would have assisted the UN forces in the south and the militias associated with Israel would have been disbanded.

8. A “peace treaty” with Israel would have been ratified with better terms than what was written during Amine Gemmayel tenure, and which failed to be ratified any way.

9. The Syrian troops would have stayed in the Bekaa Valley and refrained from approaching Beirut.

10. The sieges and massacres perpetrated against the Palestinian camps by the Amal militias of Nabih Berry (instigated by Syria) would have been delayed, at least.

11. The civil war would have taken another turn and saved Lebanon further deeper chasm among the sectarian forces

12. The Druze militias of Walid Jumblat would not have invested Mazra3a in Beirut with their tanks

13. Amine Gemmayel would not have been elected president and the Lebanese currency would not have devalued quickly to 1,500 times less

14. The second largest city of Tripoli would not have turned extremist Islamist, and the secular parties of the Communists and Syrian National Social would have retained stronger presence in that city

15. Yasser Arafat might not have returned to Tripoli and re-armed the Palestinian camps and cause thousands to be killed during two months of siege.

16. And most likely, Samir Geaja would not have ended up leader of the Lebanese Forces militia and left trails of calamities for the Christian population everywhere he got engaged militarily

In hindsight, which governments or political organizations were behind the planning of the assassination of Bashir Gemmayel? Israel, Syria, the Palestinian Resistance, any of the Lebanese resistance factions… All of them had a reason for this assassination

Mind you that Islamic Iran was engaged in a protracted war with Iraq of Saddam Hussein that lasted 9 long years of savage fighting.  The cease fire for that war was decided by Ayatolla Khomeini as he learned that he had a few months to live: He decided to extend a survival breathing space for his Islamic regime that was on the verge of collapse.

Question: Would Hezbollah be created?

Yes.

1. Hezbollah would have been instituted simply because the question of Palestine opens the door wide to Islamist Iran to tamper with our internal affairs. The peace treaty would have been an excellent excuse to rally the Shiaa around Iran positions.

2. The frequent tampering of Israel in South Lebanon would have inevitably alienated the Shiaa against the Israeli occupiers.

Note 1: In hindsight, the administrative institutions would have been re-structured and a semblance of a State re-constituted for a while, instead of the current militia/mafia political system

Note 2: Most probably, the Lebanese based “Syria National Social Party” took seriously the decision of Bashir to target their members and responded in kind.

Note 3: Israel tasted the spirit of resistance of the National coalition to any invaders and occupiers of Lebanon, after the Shiaa in the south welcomed Israel army with rice and flowers to get rid of the Palestinian “resistance” forces of Arafat. Arafat didn’t care of fighting Israel: He was content on settling in Lebanon and control it politically. This warmonger Sharon aided the Lebanese of ridding them from a Palestinian army and helped us breath more freely.

South Lebanon living conditions: Under 22 years of Israel occupation

I am attaching a summary of Robert Fisk accounts in the book “Afflictions of a Nation“.  Fisk was a correspondent to the British The Times and covered the civil war in Lebanon for 9 years.

“Four months after the genocide, which was committed by Israel in the Palestinian camps of Sabra and Chatila (Beirut, 1982), Israel occupation troops suffered casualties due to local resistance factions using hand grenades, land mines, and automatic rifles. All in all, 17 Israeli soldiers were killed and over 70 injured.

As Israel was surrounding the Capital Beirut, it was already imposing its military administration on a region of over 1,000 sq.miles.  Israel re-organized the Saad Haddad militias in the south and brought in the Christian fascist Phalanges militias (Kataeb) to the city of Saida and East Saida.

In the same time, Israel Shin Beth intelligence agency hired hundreds of Moslem Shia mercenaries who used to be members of the Amal militias, in order to keep “law and order” in the Shia towns and villages.

By the end of June, the UN peace keeping forces accounted for hundreds of hired armed militias working within their zone of control. These militias had the name of “National Guards” and Local Guards”.  These guards set up road blocks and searched cars…

In the city of Saida, Israel occupied the mayor official quarters.  Soon, dozens of Palestinian civilians were found killed on roads leading to Christian towns, east of Saida. Leaflets were distributed encouraging the Lebanese to “clean up” the region of Palestinians.  The inhabitants of Saida knew that the leaflets were the making of Israel.

On February 1983, leaflets signed “Cedar Guards” warned that “Our goal is to force every Palestinian to leave Lebanon“, same tactics that Israel has adopted to pressure Palestinians from vacating their homes and towns in 1948. A Moslem Sunni old man commented: “We thought that Israel will liberate us. Instead, they are bringing in all kinds of foreign elements to harass us.”

Israel was implementing the same tactics applied in the West bank and Gaza: Israel was demonstrating that it is here to stay in south Lebanon for a long time.

The Moslem Shia highest cleric, Mohammad Mahdi Shams el Din exhorted the people to “refuse any cooperation, in any form and shape, with the local militias, which were constituted by Israel”

A secret UN report stated: “Israel is exercising coercion, arrest, and blackmail in the zone under our control”  For example, in the town of Tebnine, Israel pressured the inhabitants to fund 10 local guards, otherwise, “foreign elements” will be dispatched to fill in the void.

The UN report continued: “Israel is about to make things worse in order to demonstrate to the world community that the UN forces are helpless in keeping peace and order in their zone of control.  In one month, Israel denied 25 request for UN helicopters to taking off from the UN base in Nakoura.  Two of the requests were to fly the chief UN commander, the Irish General William Callahan”

Fisk wrote: “I used to visit the south in company of the correspondents Anderson, Faramarzy, and Paola Krochiany (from the Associated Press).  An old man told us “The Israeli officers keep visiting our village, every week.  They demand that I gather intelligence for them, in return for the release of my son from the Ansar prison, established by Israel within Lebanon (customary blackmail tactics used by Israel in the occupied Palestinian territories. That is why Israel round-up innocent Palestinian teenagers and put them in prison without trial). I gave them information, but my son is still in prison.

I noticed that all vegetables and fruits produces in Saida souk were imported from Israel. Lebanese trucks loaded the goods from Israel border in Nakoura. The purpose was to pressure Lebanese farmers to leaving their lands.

There is this Christian village of Mieh wa Mieh in east Saida. This village overlooks Saida and the Palestinian camp of Ain el Helweh.  Mieh wa Mieh has also a small Palestinian camps, of mostly Christians, as the one in Dbayeh, close to Jounieh, that the Christian militias vacated in 1976 to build luxury real estate buildings.

Within 6 weeks, 12 Palestinian civilians were assassinated, a terror tactics applied by Israel.  The Palestinians in Mieh wa Mieh camp were scared and felt that another genocide was being perpetrated.  An old woman said: “When the Israelis came last June, they proclaimed that they are here to protect us.  Instead, they are rounding up our youth and sending them to Ansar prison. The Phalangists arrived in November and burned houses and committed atrocities. Acts of terrorism are increasing drastically.Last week, a bomb demolished 14 houses at the fringe of the camp.  They are trying to force us into fleeing”.

As the old woman was talking to us, a boy arrived breathless and said “A Phalanges car is arriving”  The phalanges militias were suspicious of foreign correspondents discussing with the villagers.

Israel Colonel Hayim, of Israel Shin Beth, was constantly touring the Shia villages in the district, of about 24 towns.  Hayim job was to blackmail the mayors (mokhtar) to coughing up $5,000 per month, on the ground of providing funds for the maintenance of the local guards.

Either you pay or your son will be taken to Ansar prison” was one line of blackmail. For example, taxes were levied on every truck crossing a road block. Trucks loaded with electronic goods were charged $60; trucks loaded with tires $110; trucks carrying vegetables and fruits $80; and trucks carrying sugar and wheat…$72.

Towns that refused to be blackmailed were harassed by militias of Saad Haddad.  Haddad militias would storm the town, round-up civilians, burn a few houses and ransack other. These terror tactics infuriated the inhabitants of the south.

Israel conducted a thorough census in the south of 250,000 people.  The census sheet was 27 pages long. Israel was effectively planning to stay for the long haul…”

The follow-up article describes how Lebanese resistance forces got organized and managed to kick out Israel from the Land in the year 2000, without negotiations or any preconditions.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

October 2020
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