Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘petition principle

Democracy in America?  By Alexis de Tocqueville

A French social scientist observations in the 18th century of USA political system

Note: Re-editing the post of 2016

Alexis de Tocqueville may be considered the first modern social scientist using the mechanisms he developed to explain political, economical and social phenomena in various political systems.

“Every morning, I find that somebody has just discovered some general and eternal law that I never heard of. General ideas that pack a lot into a small volume”.

“The exaggerated social system based on general causes is a source of consolation for mediocre historians ( and current reporters). It invariably provides them with a few grand explanations, useful for quickly extricate themselves from any difficulties they encounter in their work. And it favors weak and lazy minds to garner a reputation of profundity”.

How fitting for current times. (Need to cater for micro-social facts and observation)

“In the rare centuries of doubt (where rational trends dominate), people cling stubbornly to their belief systems. People are Not ready to die for their opinions, but they do Not change them. And you find both fewer martyrs and fewer apostates”

The problem in this period of doubt, certain categories of communities are transforming issues into a century of horror stories of faith.

Beware of the tyranny of the majority in “democratic republics”:

“The Master no longer says: You will think as I do or die. He says: You are free Not to think as I do. You may keep your life, properties, retain your civic privileges… but the majority in your community will ostracize you and refuse to esteem you, or to demand your vote. Those who believe in your innocence will steer away from you lest they are shunned in turn”

Isn’t what happens to Whistler blowers? At the doors of Abortion clinics, or gay marriages…? In France they even deny him the citizenship.

Alexis borrowed in Montaigne and Pascal views on ignorance:  “It may be plausibly asserted that there is an infant-school ignorance which precedes knowledge and another doctoral ignorance which comes after it” (Montaigne).

This is the state of education affairs in the Arabic speaking Islamic countries: Koranic schools and doctors in fikh (religious sect laws) and other religious degrees… Ignorance lies at the ends of knowledge

“When an opinion takes hold in a “democratic” nation and establishes itself in a majority of minds, it becomes self-sustaining and can perpetuate itself without effort: Nobody will attack it. No one combat the doomed belief openly. This hollow ghost of public opinion is enough to chill the blood of would-be innovators (in political sphere) and reduces them to respectful silence”

“The American life-style is to take short-cuts by adopting general, all-purpose ideas: They are bombarded with so many individualistic responsibilities that they lack the necessary leisure time to indulge in reflective time-consuming periods”

An observation that was valid 2 centuries ago and worsening. Worse, spreading like wild fire all over the world and in Asia.

“The Americans seldom admit that they give in to selfless altruistic endeavors: They are pleased to explain all their actions in terms of self-interest properly understood. They will obligingly demonstrate how enlightened their behaviors regularly lead them to help out one another and makes them ready and willing to sacrifice a portion of their time and wealth for the good of the State”.

“The norms make a difference and they cannot be switched at will: either your norms are of the “honor kinds” or of the “material interest”

Prisoner’s Dilemma” of two persons involved in the same crime:

1. If you inform on the other, and the other refuses to inform on you, you are set free

2. If both inform on one another, both get 5-year prison term

3. If both refuse to inform, both get a year prison term.

Thus, make sure you do your due diligence and do Not inform?

The rationale of this Dilemma is used to explain:

1.The weakness of public institutions: people want strong institutions but refuse to pay the necessary taxes

2. The case of lobbying interest. Ironically, the more the number of lobbies, the more the central power imperceptibly expand, which the lobbies don’t want

3. The more frequent the number of private bankruptcies (risk takers) the more the State/casino win. Thus, the lack of stigma in bankruptcy.

“Politicians have this capacity to manage the creation of ephemeral convictions in accordance with the feelings and interests of the moments: They can, with a tolerable good conscience, do things that are far from honest”

Individualism is a recent expression, a reflective and tranquil sentiment achieved by creating a small community (modern tribe) for his use. he gladly leaves the larger society to take care of itself”

Americans want the Union, but reduced to a shadow: they want it strong in few cases and weak in most cases, particularly in period of peace”

Is that why the US government launch frequent pre-emptive wars outside its boundaries?

“The aristocratic families would willingly preserve the democratic habits of the (political system) if only they could reject its social state and laws”

Actually, the elite classes always succeed in circumventing the few laws that theoretically could have been applied to them.

Every morning, I find that somebody has just discovered some general and eternal law that I never heard of. General ideas that pack a lot into a small volume.

Note 1: I read Democracy in America and the Ancient Regime (France before the revolution) in their originals many years ago.  It is striking that the Revolution in France didn’t have to change anything in the administrative structure of the ancient regime.

Note 2: And the “professionals” who are researching details and facts on the ground are rare because Not paid to do these dirty fundamental jobs. What irks me most is that scientific papers fail to extend additional hypotheses and conjectures to what they have researched ,in order for the rest of us to follow up and demonstrate them

Note 3: Traditions of classes, professions, family and social structure, and religious beliefs… have been initially drawn from observations of human nature and establishing general notions, before the politicians (men of actions) in each sphere of influence in life organized them to self-serve the interests of the elites.

If we seek reforms by bringing up human nature then we are following the wrong direction.

What is needed is to develop a belief system based on that “all born people have the rights to enjoy equal opportunities to learning, getting training, health and due processes with a fair justice system”.

This new belief system or petition principle is feasible because in transparent democratic processes people rely on the majority opinion to extend any rational excuses for their attitudes.

Equal practical opportunities circumvent the wrong implication that opinions are reached independently of their surrounding. The effects of community sanctions to deviation attitudes from the belief system can then formalize the equal opportunities rights to everyone.

Notes and tidbits posted on FB and Twitter. Part 81

Have you read or seen Lolita of Nabokov?
I read sections of this book, standing in one of Barnes and Noble bookstore in Montgomery County (Maryland), because there were no facilities to sit. The book sounded more erotic than the chaste movie, and I was glad it was directed that way.
I saw the movie twice. I saw it again last night and was happily surprised to notice that it was Lolita who was running the show from beginning to end.
The times she got angry was calculated: She was seeing Clare (Peter Sellers) from the start before meeting James Mason (who played a difficult and convincing part of a middle-aged man, totally in love with Lolita but managing to retain his responsibly as a father-in-law.)
Lolita (with all her instinctive smartness as an enticing girl) was duped by Clare who intended to use her in porno movies and she refused and was kicked out to survive on her own.
They overcrowded the highly talented and funny Sellers in his role, even when he knew that he was about to die.
How could Mason be duped by Sellers in so many occasions if he didn’t care that much about Lolita?

Have you seen Basic Instinct?
I saw it at least twice. Last night was wonderful because I saw it again before they showed Lolita. I loved this film that was packed with plenty of erotic scenes and a smart content.
Who do you think was the killer? Until the last second, showing the ice pick under the bed of Sharon Stone, you would side with everybody that it was the psych professional woman who was the killer (another great body).
Apparently, after finishing a book about a targeted killer, Sharon made sure to kill the real life character of her story.
Douglas is to be ultimately murdered by Stone since she had finished the new book about him: she was totally clear about it when she told him so: he refused to believe her because he started to believe in her innocence.
The weak point is why the psych woman didn’t raise both her hands when Douglas ordered her to take her hands out of her pocket? She knew he would shoot at her since he did it a few times before in the same situation. But the movie must have an end.

What is needed is to develop a belief system based on that all born people have the rights to enjoy equal opportunities to learning, getting training, health and due processes with a fair justice system.
This new belief system or petition principle is feasible because in transparent democratic processes people rely on the majority opinion to extend any rational excuses for their attitudes.
Equal practical opportunities circumvent the wrong implication that opinions are reached independently of their surrounding.
The effects of community sanctions to deviation attitudes from the belief system can then formalize the equal opportunities rights to everyone

Traditions of classes, professions, family and social structure, and religious beliefs… have been initially drawn from observations of human nature and establishing general notions, before the politicians (men of actions) in each sphere of influence in life, organized them to self-serve the interests of the elites.

If we seek reforms by bringing up human nature then we are following the wrong direction.

Les femmes, survivantes de l’inceste, durant toute notre histoire et jusqu’ a nous jours, geraient le monde, et le regnent encore.

La mobilite dynamique dans certain pays n’a fait qu’augmenter le taux des survivantes de l’inceste. Ils ont maintenant des facilities modernes pour fuir leur isolement.

Cette fois-ci, les survivantes de l’inceste ont tendance a se vanger de n’impote quelle maniere avec les opportunites et les lois en applications. Elles joignent Daesh en mass quant elles le peuvent

L’amour sexuel doit etre court and fugitif (ne depassant pas 24 heures?): regenerer a chaque nouveau festin d’amour.
Ne dissocie jamais l’ amour charnel de la spiritualite
je renacle devant une tendress mal meritee: c’ est une compassion qui m’etouffe, mais que j’ apprecie apres
It has nothing to do with giving people more time (you can’t) and everything to do with creating more urgency, more of an itch, more desire.
Dans les societtes de mobilite dynamique, c’ est normal de reflechir aux raisons d’ avoir des enfants
Ce qui nous ne tue pas, nous rend bizarre
Les auteur feminines: les femmes parlent-elles vraiment autant des hommes? Peut-etre est-ce vraie a Londre ou en Europe? Partout. Meme aux USA avec plus de 300,000 nouveaux titres par an.
Il serait difficile de trouver des policiers masculins n’ impliquant pas un probleme d’ alcool. 

adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

July 2020
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