Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘political system

If every decision is political in nature

Every ideology is a political system. Mostly in economic /financial matters, even if implicitly.

Saying Capitalism Is Not a political system, but a financial mafia, does Not stand the ground

A few go the extra mile to simplify Capitalism by analysing the end results.

Kind if the end result is exploiting people by all means available to accumulate wealth, then this is a mafia system for reaping quick money.

العالم استهلاك بلا هوية
الرأسمالية نظاما سياسيا ، الرأسمالية مافيا مالية ، الرأسمالية طورت نفسها، إلى مافيا عالمية ، و هي بالتالي ليست أيديولوجيا .
الحرية ، الحرية صورة للفوض المنظمة ،
سر نجاح الرأسمالية ان قسما من الشعب يحصل على ما يشبه الرشوة من هذه المافيا و قسم آخر بتوظف في جهاز هذا النظام فبستفيد و قسم يغطي الواقع بالاعلام ،
سر استمرار مافيا النظام المالي أنها تخلق ازدهارا ظاهرا يخدع المجتمع و يحجب الفقر عن الأعين العادية ، هناك عدا الدعاية ميول الناس الى عدم المساواة و الطمع الذي يسيطر على أذهان الناس ،
مافيا المال و مركزها أمريكا تدير الحكام و أجهزة الحكم تدير رغبات الناس و شهواتها و تخلق لهم حاجاتهم و حتى أنها تبيع البعض اوهاما و الناس تعتقد أنها تربح والرابح الحقيقي لا الوهمي مافيا المال و المنتفعين منها ،
هذا العالم و بالتالي الاقتصاد بمجمله لا يمكن أن يعمل إلا بهذه الطريقة لأن آليات التغيير عمليا و ليس نظريا غير موجودة ، لأن نظام الاستهلاك بلا هوية و هو المسيطر ،
هناك نقمة أحيانا و هناك احتجاجات احيانا أخرى لكنها تبقى بدون آليات و لا تملك خطة عمل بديلة ،
المعرفة تقنية تخدم في إطار محدد و معين و الثقافة يسيطر عليها الاستهلاك، معظم النخبة التقنية و الثقافية تساعد على بقاء نظام الفساد و اللا مساواة ، و يشكلون الجسم الأساسي من نظام الفساد و الاستهلاك و الاستنكار لفظي مشلول و معظم الطبقات ضالعة بطريقة مباشرة او غير مباشرة ، ما عدا فئة متضررة آلياتها هامشية و تحركها عاجز و تتحرك تحت ظل الأوضاع و لا تخترفها لا عمليا ميدان يا و لا حتى نظريا ،
الخواطر الإبداعية و الثقافية معزولة و مجردة و تحصل على تأييد مجاني عابر ،
الكل مستفيد او مراهن او مشارك ، الناس مع الفساد في معظمهم و تتوخى المصلحة و تحسب في نشاطاتها حسابات الربح و الخسارة و الضمير يبقى عاجزاو عمليا معطل لأن الكل المثقف و النخبة ينتظر الغنيمة و الحل اذا وجد في التربية المنزلية و في التربية الوطنية و نظام يؤمن بالمساواة الحقيقية التامة لا المساواة الشكلية و بالعدالة المطلقة ،
مؤسسات تقوم على المساواة التامة و العدالة المطلقة، تبدأ من الأسرة و التربية المنزلية و تمتد في مناهج المدرسة و شوارع مجتمع صحي قاءم على السلوكيات المستقيمة حتى يصبح كل شيء أسلوب حياة و منهج و طريقة تفكير الخ …يتبع
21/06/2020

Ahhhh, my country

Aaakh ya watani

How do you feel that you live in a nation?

How far are you willing to sacrifice in order that all the people in a Nation prosper within a system fair and equitable to all?

Can you support any political system tailor-made for a few elite classes?

Can you support any political system where the laws are tailor-made for the few and applied to harass and discriminate against all the remaining “citizens”?

الرفيق أبو لورانس كنت تقرأ زمننا الحالي ….. قائلاً :

الوطن : آه يا الوطن..
مو صيدة .. ولا صياد
لا أرمن ولا أكراد
مو ديري و ميداني
و لا آشوري أو حمصي
وسرياني
ولا بغدادي أو حموي
و تركماني

الوطن : كل ذول متحدين
الوطن : كل ذول ..
الوطن لو لان الصخر ما يلين.

الوطن : ساعد مشرّع ولمعاملنا
الوطن : نخوة و كرامة , مو رغيف العيش
الوطن: وحدة عقيدة للشعب و الجيش

الوطن: مو هذا.. أو ذاك
الوطن : مو جومة حياكة
الوطن : سدوة .. الوطن لــُحمة

الوطن : أرض وحبيبة, مسيجة بالنار
لا قصة , و لا اشعار
لا مشعوذ , و لا غدّار
لا مظلوم , ولا جزار

الوطن : إحنا , ونظل إحنا , الزوابع
للوطن زنـــــــــار

الوطن : سيف العدل هالقاطع و بتار
الوطن : سهل و جبل و شلال الماء انهار
الوطن رمل الجناح و وقفة الأبرار

الوطن : كل الوطن ,
هاليعرفون الشرف واليرفضون العار

الوطن : الجنوب , مو الجيوب
ولا هو القصيدة
على الورق مكتوب

الوطن : ونـــــــــّة
الوطن : جنــــــــة
الوطــــــــــــــــــن :

هالصّــــــــــــــاحوا بعالي الصّوت كل خاين
مهو منـــــــــــّا

Another take how the Lebanese got bankrupted

Since 1992, the pseudo-State of Lebanon collected in taxes $200 bn, the overseas Lebanese transferred $186 bn to the 2 dozen private banks and borrowed $100 bn at high interest rates…

And the Lebanese ended up with no infrastructure, no public electricity, no potable water, no decent public hospital, degraded public schools and under budgeted public university.

Where all that money disappeared?

Lebanon is bankrupt at all levels: government, central bank and private bank…

Where all that money disappeared?

We have got 5 militia/mafia “leaders” from the civil war and Saudi Kingdom “Lebanese contractors” (hiding behind their respective sectarian parties) and who controlled the Parliament, the government, the justice system, the central bank, the private banks (have sizable shares in all of them), all the public institutions…

How would you label such a “political system“?

هكذا نهبوا لبنان.

جردة دقيقة من داخل وزارة المالية ومصرف لبنان بالأرقام الصحيحة والدقيقة تؤكد كيف تآمر رياض سلامة مع رفيق الحريري ونبيه بري وليد جنبلاط وميشال المر والرئيس ألياس الهراوي ونجيب ميقاتي وفؤاد السنيورة وجمعية المصارف على نهب لبنان ووضعه تحت دين لامَسَ المئة مليار دولار .$100 bn

ونهب إيداعات المواطنين اللبنانيين التي تبلغ 186 مليار دولار، وأختفت الاموال دون حسيب او رقيب.

القصه بدأت منذ العام 1992 عندما تَوَلَّى رفيق الحريري رئاسة اول حكومة في عهد الرئيس الهراوي، بتسوية سورية سعودية اميركية،

أتى الحريري بمشروع خطير نَبَّه منه الرئيس حسين الحسيني آنذاك، وشدَّدَ على خطورته، رغم أن الحريري أحد عرَّابي الطائف مع الحسيني.

ما لبث ان غادر الحسيني مجلس النواب and he even resigned his seat in the Parliament واستلم الرئاسة بعده نبيه بري ولا زال.

بأوامر أميركية وبتعليمات البنك الدولي وبحسب خطة مرسومة سلفاً ومُحكَمَة ارتفع الدولارمن 2.4 ليرة الى 3000 ليرة
ثم هبط سعر التداول فيه الى ١٥٠٠ ليرة.

وتم تثبيته هنا ضمن سياسة مشروع الافقار الذي جاءَ بهِ الحريري ألأب للسيطرة على لبنان ومقدراته ومنع قيامته ليبقى ضعيفاً في ظل اقتصاد وقوة عسكرية اسرائيلية قوية بجواره.

اشترى حيتان المال اللبنانيون كل العملات الاجنبية الموجودة في المصرف المركزي بعد تعيين رياض سلامة حاكماً له على سعر 2.4 وعندما ارتفع سعر الدولار الى 3000.L.L عاودوا بيع الدولار و شراء الليرة اللبنانية بنفس قيمة العملة التي استبدلوها سابقاً فوصل حد ارباحهم بمعدل 1200٪

ثم أصدَرَ سلامة سندات خزينة بالليرة اللبنانية بفائدة وصلت الى حد ال 45٪ وهي تعتبر جنونية لم يسبق لنظام مصرفي عالمي دفعها من قبل!
وبعد تثبيت السندات ثبت سعر صرف الدولار على 1500 ليرة ايصاً تضاعفت ارباحهم بنسبة 100٪

خلال عشر سنوات وحتى انتهاء تاريخ السندات كانت الخزينة اللبنانية قد تم استنزاف 90٪ من موجوداتها

ومنذ اول خمس سنوات بدأت حكومة الحريري بالإستدانة من المصارف لتسديد متوجبات الدين العام الداخلي الذي فاقت مداخيل الدولة عشرات المرات.

هذه كانت الخطوة الاولى لرفيق الحريري ورياض سلامة والمصارف وكبار المودعين وواحدة من الاسباب التي افلسوا فيها خزينة الدولة واوقعوها تحت دين عام داخلي وصل الى الاف المليارات، بدأوا بعدها الاستدانه من المصارف ومن الخارج.

أما السبب الثاني هو الهدر من خلال ابرام الصفقات بالتراضي وتضخيم المصاريف والمدفوعات وعجز الكهرباء المقصود والمنظم.

تقاسمت الترويكا وحلفائهم كل شيء النفايات النفط الغاز البُنَىَ التحتية واحد إلك واحد إلي لغاية الآن وما وصلنا اليه.
أما في جردة الحسابات الدقيقة لكل ما جرى سأكشف لكم واحد من اهم اسرار لعبتهم الخطيرة والدنيئة التي استمر بها رياض سلامة مع شركائه حتى بعد رحيل الحريري ألأب وهي على الشكل التالي…

جمعت الدولة اللبنانية ضرائب من جيوب الناس بدايةً من العام 1993 ولغاية 2018 رقماً مهولاً بلغ بالضبط 149 مليار دولار أميركي،

وأيضاً أستدانوا خلال نفس الفترة السالفة الذكر من الخارج ومن المصارف مبلغ 86 مليار دولار بالارقام الموثقة الصادقة.

كما يترتب على الخزينة ديون للضمان الأجتماعي. والمدارس. والمستشفيات. والمتعهدين. والمهجرين. مبلغ 15 مليار دولار
أي ما مجموعه : 149+86+15=250 مليار دولار.

للعلم أن كل هذه المدفوعات كانت جميعها بلا حسابات منذ العام 1993.

انفقت الدولة اللبنانية من العام 93لغاية العام 2018 مبلغ 24 مليار دولار على الكهرباء أضف اليهم الجباية التي بلغت حوالي 12 مليار دولار. ولا زالت الكهرباء 12 ساعه او اقل من ذلك.مع العلم ان لبنان يحتاج الى مليار دولار لتصبح الكهرباء 24/24 وتصبح ذات مدخول ومُنتِجَة لكنهم لا يريدو ذلك.

كما انفقت الدولة اللبنانية بدل فوائد للمصارف خلال 26 عام على مبلغ 84 مليار دولار دين للمصارف بذمتها.
دفعت فوائد بلغت 86 مليار دولار.!

وكل ذلك بالاتفاق بين رياض سلامة والمصارف ضمن سياسة ممنهجة لنهب الدولة وافقارها وتدمير اقتصادها؟

بالتفاصيل كيف كانوا يفعلون ذلك؟

يقوم المصرف المركزي بالموافقة على قروض مالية ضخمة للمصارف بالدولار الاميركي بفائدة 2٪ طويلة الامد.
تعود المصارف وتودع نفس المبالغ في المصرف المركزي بفائدة 8٪ أي بفارق 6٪ ارباح من خزينة الدولة تذهب هدراً وسرقة مقوننه على طريقة هندسة رياض سلامة المالية كانَ قد استفاد منها كثيرون مثل نجيب وطه ومازن ميقاتي وبعض القضاة والنافذين وابنائهم بينمايرزح غالبية الشعب اللبناني تحت خط الفقر!

وصلَت مجموع المبالغ التي اقرضها المصرف المركزي للبنوك والافراد الى 32 مليار دولار بفائدة 2٪ اعادوا ايداعها في المصرف نفسه بفائدة 8٪ الامر الذي خَسَّرَ الخزينة 6٪ بلغت قيمتها على مدى 27 عام 70مليار دولار و200 مليون ما يقارب 60٪ من مجموع الإنفاق الحكومي الاجمالي.

تقاسموها فيما بينهم ناهيك عن القروض المعفاة من الفوائد والتي اودعوها بفوائد عاليه تدر عليهم الارباح من جيوب المواطنين.

استمر المجرمون حيتان البلد باللعبة والشعب يزيد افقاراً ولم يرف لهم جفن هؤلاء القُساة القلوب المجرمون.

Note: هناك ٢ مليار دولار ضرائب على المصارف لم تُحَصل.
وايضاً هناك ٦ مليار دولار مستحقة على الدولة جبايتها ايضاً لم يتم تحصيلها وهي من مسؤولية وزراء المال تكفي لتأمين سيولة وسد العجز.

أيضاً هناك مبلغ ٣٢٠٠ مليار ليرة تدفع كفائدة بدل سندات الخزينة التي لا لزوم لها للمصارف باللعبه ذاتها التي ذكرتها لو تم ايقاف الدفع سيتم توفير مبلغ ٧ مليار دولار كل سنه تغنينا عن الاستدانة وعن سيدر.

Democracy in America?  By Alexis de Tocqueville

A French social scientist observations in the 18th century of USA political system

Note: Re-editing the post of 2016

Alexis de Tocqueville may be considered the first modern social scientist using the mechanisms he developed to explain political, economical and social phenomena in various political systems.

“Every morning, I find that somebody has just discovered some general and eternal law that I never heard of. General ideas that pack a lot into a small volume”.

“The exaggerated social system based on general causes is a source of consolation for mediocre historians ( and current reporters). It invariably provides them with a few grand explanations, useful for quickly extricate themselves from any difficulties they encounter in their work. And it favors weak and lazy minds to garner a reputation of profundity”.

How fitting for current times. (Need to cater for micro-social facts and observation)

“In the rare centuries of doubt (where rational trends dominate), people cling stubbornly to their belief systems. People are Not ready to die for their opinions, but they do Not change them. And you find both fewer martyrs and fewer apostates”

The problem in this period of doubt, certain categories of communities are transforming issues into a century of horror stories of faith.

Beware of the tyranny of the majority in “democratic republics”:

“The Master no longer says: You will think as I do or die. He says: You are free Not to think as I do. You may keep your life, properties, retain your civic privileges… but the majority in your community will ostracize you and refuse to esteem you, or to demand your vote. Those who believe in your innocence will steer away from you lest they are shunned in turn”

Isn’t what happens to Whistler blowers? At the doors of Abortion clinics, or gay marriages…? In France they even deny him the citizenship.

Alexis borrowed in Montaigne and Pascal views on ignorance:  “It may be plausibly asserted that there is an infant-school ignorance which precedes knowledge and another doctoral ignorance which comes after it” (Montaigne).

This is the state of education affairs in the Arabic speaking Islamic countries: Koranic schools and doctors in fikh (religious sect laws) and other religious degrees… Ignorance lies at the ends of knowledge

“When an opinion takes hold in a “democratic” nation and establishes itself in a majority of minds, it becomes self-sustaining and can perpetuate itself without effort: Nobody will attack it. No one combat the doomed belief openly. This hollow ghost of public opinion is enough to chill the blood of would-be innovators (in political sphere) and reduces them to respectful silence”

“The American life-style is to take short-cuts by adopting general, all-purpose ideas: They are bombarded with so many individualistic responsibilities that they lack the necessary leisure time to indulge in reflective time-consuming periods”

An observation that was valid 2 centuries ago and worsening. Worse, spreading like wild fire all over the world and in Asia.

“The Americans seldom admit that they give in to selfless altruistic endeavors: They are pleased to explain all their actions in terms of self-interest properly understood. They will obligingly demonstrate how enlightened their behaviors regularly lead them to help out one another and makes them ready and willing to sacrifice a portion of their time and wealth for the good of the State”.

“The norms make a difference and they cannot be switched at will: either your norms are of the “honor kinds” or of the “material interest”

Prisoner’s Dilemma” of two persons involved in the same crime:

1. If you inform on the other, and the other refuses to inform on you, you are set free

2. If both inform on one another, both get 5-year prison term

3. If both refuse to inform, both get a year prison term.

Thus, make sure you do your due diligence and do Not inform?

The rationale of this Dilemma is used to explain:

1.The weakness of public institutions: people want strong institutions but refuse to pay the necessary taxes

2. The case of lobbying interest. Ironically, the more the number of lobbies, the more the central power imperceptibly expand, which the lobbies don’t want

3. The more frequent the number of private bankruptcies (risk takers) the more the State/casino win. Thus, the lack of stigma in bankruptcy.

“Politicians have this capacity to manage the creation of ephemeral convictions in accordance with the feelings and interests of the moments: They can, with a tolerable good conscience, do things that are far from honest”

Individualism is a recent expression, a reflective and tranquil sentiment achieved by creating a small community (modern tribe) for his use. he gladly leaves the larger society to take care of itself”

Americans want the Union, but reduced to a shadow: they want it strong in few cases and weak in most cases, particularly in period of peace”

Is that why the US government launch frequent pre-emptive wars outside its boundaries?

“The aristocratic families would willingly preserve the democratic habits of the (political system) if only they could reject its social state and laws”

Actually, the elite classes always succeed in circumventing the few laws that theoretically could have been applied to them.

Every morning, I find that somebody has just discovered some general and eternal law that I never heard of. General ideas that pack a lot into a small volume.

Note 1: I read Democracy in America and the Ancient Regime (France before the revolution) in their originals many years ago.  It is striking that the Revolution in France didn’t have to change anything in the administrative structure of the ancient regime.

Note 2: And the “professionals” who are researching details and facts on the ground are rare because Not paid to do these dirty fundamental jobs. What irks me most is that scientific papers fail to extend additional hypotheses and conjectures to what they have researched ,in order for the rest of us to follow up and demonstrate them

Note 3: Traditions of classes, professions, family and social structure, and religious beliefs… have been initially drawn from observations of human nature and establishing general notions, before the politicians (men of actions) in each sphere of influence in life organized them to self-serve the interests of the elites.

If we seek reforms by bringing up human nature then we are following the wrong direction.

What is needed is to develop a belief system based on that “all born people have the rights to enjoy equal opportunities to learning, getting training, health and due processes with a fair justice system”.

This new belief system or petition principle is feasible because in transparent democratic processes people rely on the majority opinion to extend any rational excuses for their attitudes.

Equal practical opportunities circumvent the wrong implication that opinions are reached independently of their surrounding. The effects of community sanctions to deviation attitudes from the belief system can then formalize the equal opportunities rights to everyone.

Through a magnifying glass:  Benign cancer or terminal of Lebanon political system?

The garbage crisis in Lebanon is about 3 months old and no resolutions so far. The youth movements have not been able to deter the militia ruled system from abandoning their solution that serve the interests of the mafia leaders of sharing in the plunder of the State revenues over the last 30 years.

Jamil Berry posted, August 31 , 2015

LE LIBAN À FORT GROSSISSEMENT

J’ai fait une biopsie de la situation actuelle du Liban et je l’ai analysée à très fort grossissement .

S’agit-il d’une tumeur bénigne ou maligne ?
Ce qui saute d ’emblée aux yeux c’est la vacance du poste du Président de la République , et ce jeu diffus des prolongations franches pour les députés , le chef des armées , et larvées pour les ministers.

Voici ce que voit le néophyte mais prenons garde ; au Liban le chemin le plus court n’a jamais été la ligne droite.

Plaçons le Liban dans son contexte Géo -Politique.

Le Liban est né je le rappelle à la maternité de l’histoire de cette région du monde , par amputation. Dans cette région du Proche Orient, les États naissent soit par amputation, soit par greffe .

Rapidement après sa naissance , une guerre civile fut servie en entrée, et deux décennies plus tard , une autre en guise de plat de résistance qui est venue à bout de la résistance de ce pays et le mit à genoux .

Cette dernière guerre civile aura duré 17 ans où au gré des alliances et des désalliances, tout le monde se battra contre tout le monde dans une hystérie collective méditerranéenne, pour finalement s’arrêter sans trouver quelque solution que ce soit aux raisons qui l’avaient faite éclater.

(We are still discussing what were the main causes for this long civil war. Even France President Valery Giscard d’Estaing refused to get involved and engaged)

Tout se passa comme si une Force Extérieure siffla la fin d’un match !

Il avait été décidé ensuite que l’Iraq sera mis à sac, puis vint le tour de la Syrie et comme chacun sait, de tout temps lorsque la Syrie s’enrhumait, le Liban attrapait des quintes de toux.

Nous assistons actuellement à mon avis, non seulement à une vacance du poste du Premier Magistrat du pays mais à une pan vacance du pouvoir politique dans son intégralité.

Là tout se passe comme si nos dirigeants n’auraient de l’autorité que dans la mesure où ils ne l’exercent pas.

L’Iraq à genoux. La Syrie aussi , et ce n’est pas qu’on veuille mettre aussi le Liban à genoux; la vérité c’est qu’il l’est déjà et ” On ” ne veut pas pour lui qu’il se relève : pour ce, tous les moyens sont bons , assassinats en séries , économie en berne , chômage et surtout entretien de deux Etats Libanais.

Le Liban Public , aux prestations bas de gamme, et le Liban Privé aux prestations nettement meilleures mais ” plus chères ” !

Tous les secteurs trinquent , Santé, Transports, Télé-communications, Habitat, Education, etc… et la défense n’est pas en reste, pour libérer le Liban Sud occupé 17 ans durant par 3israel, l’armée “publique” ne put le faire par manque de moyens , c’est une armée Libanaise certes, mais “privée” qui le fit !

Une des lectures de la crise actuelle des déchets, crise qui perdure , c’est l’extrême fragilité du Liban Public majoritaire, actuellement otage du plus petit pôle du Liban Privé.

Cette crise est la résultante de la privatisation à outrance d’un Etat .

Or la chose dite PUBLIQUE est la condition sine qua non de la survie des états et toute dérogation à cette équation, est un suicide au présent et un assassinat des générations à venir .

Nous vivons une actualité extrêmement grave , je ne pense pas qu’on puisse l’expliquer par la seule corruption des responsables.

Le drame c’est qu’on n’en est plus là.

Ma conclusion , (merci d’avoir eu la patience de me lire jusqu’ici ) est une question :

Et si les vacances en chaine du pouvoir Libanais étaient une décision prise par un Consensus Etatique Extrinsèque ?

Dans ce cas le seul reproche que je ferai à notre caste dirigeante, c’est qu’elle devrait se retirer dignement mais force est de constater qu’elle n’a pas été missionnée pour cela !

Le résultat de ma biopsie est sans appel : Notre classe dirigeante est bel et bien une tumeur …pas très maligne (au sens inintelligent du terme )

Jamil BERRY

 

Tale of 2 political systems

My name is Eric Li, and I was born here. But no, I wasn’t born there. This was where I was born: Shanghai, at the height of the Cultural Revolution.

My grandmother tells me that she heard the sound of gunfire along with my first cries.

When I was growing up, I was told a story that explained all I ever needed to know about humanity.

It went like this. All human societies develop in linear progression, beginning with primitive society, then slave society, feudalism, capitalism, socialism, and finally, guess where we end up? Communism!

Sooner or later, all of humanity, regardless of culture, language, nationality, will arrive at this final stage of political and social development.

The entire world’s peoples will be unified in this paradise on Earth and live happily ever after.

But before we get there, we’re engaged in a struggle between good and evil, the good of socialism against the evil of capitalism, and the good shall triumph.

1:24 That, of course, was the meta-narrative distilled from the theories of Karl Marx. And the Chinese bought it. We were taught that grand story day in and day out. It became part of us, and we believed in it. The story was a bestseller. About one third of the entire world’s population lived under that meta-narrative.

1:45 Then, the world changed overnight. As for me, disillusioned by the failed religion of my youth, I went to America and became a Berkeley hippie.

1:58 Now, as I was coming of age, something else happened. As if one big story wasn’t enough, I was told another one.

This one was just as grand. It also claims that all human societies develop in a linear progression towards a singular end. This one went as follows: All societies, regardless of culture, be it Christian, Muslim, Confucian, must progress from traditional societies in which groups are the basic units to modern societies in which atomized individuals are the sovereign units, and all these individuals are, by definition, rational, and they all want one thing: the vote.

Because they are all rational, once given the vote, they produce good government and live happily ever after. Paradise on Earth, again.

Sooner or later, electoral democracy will be the only political system for all countries and all peoples, with a free market to make them all rich.

But before we get there, we’re engaged in a struggle between good and evil. (Laughter) The good belongs to those who are democracies and are charged with a mission of spreading it around the globe, sometimes by force, against the evil of those who do not hold elections.

3:18 (Video) George H.W. Bush: A new world order

3:20 (Video) George W. Bush: … ending tyranny in our world

3:22 (Video) Barack Obama: … a single standard for all who would hold power.

3:37 This story also became a bestseller. According to Freedom House, the number of democratic States went from 45 in 1970 to 115 in 2010. (That’s the biggest lie ever)

In the last 20 years, Western elites tirelessly trotted around the globe selling this prospectus: Multiple parties fight for political power and everyone voting on them is the only path to salvation to the long-suffering developing world.

Those who buy the prospectus are destined for success. Those who do not are doomed to fail. But this time, the Chinese didn’t buy it.

4:13 Fool me once …

4:20 The rest is history. In just 30 years, China went from one of the poorest agricultural countries in the world to its second-largest economy.

Six hundred fifty million people were lifted out of poverty. 80% of the entire world’s poverty alleviation during that period happened in China.

In other words, all the new and old democracies put together amounted to a mere fraction of what a single, one-party state did without voting.

4:48 See, I grew up on this stuff: food stamps. Meat was rationed to a few hundred grams per person per month at one point. Needless to say, I ate all my grandmother’s portions.

5:00 So I asked myself, what’s wrong with this picture?

Here I am in my hometown, my business growing leaps and bounds. Entrepreneurs are starting companies every day. Middle class is expanding in speed and scale unprecedented in human history.

Yet, according to the grand story, none of this should be happening. So I went and did the only thing I could. I studied it.

Yes, China is a one-party state run by the Chinese Communist Party, the Party, and they don’t hold elections.

Three assumptions are made by the dominant political theories of our time. Such a system is operationally rigid, politically closed, and morally illegitimate.

Well, the assumptions are wrong. The opposites are true. Adaptability, meritocracy, and legitimacy are the three defining characteristics of China’s one-party system.

Most political scientists will tell us that a one-party system is inherently incapable of self-correction. It won’t last long because it cannot adapt. Now here are the facts.

In 64 years of running the largest country in the world, the range of the Chinese Communist Party’s policies has been wider than any other country in recent memory, from radical land collectivization to the Great Leap Forward, then privatization of farmland, then the Cultural Revolution, then Deng Xiaoping’s market reform, then successor Jiang Zemin took the giant political step of opening up Party membership to private business people, something unimaginable during Mao’s rule.

6:38 So the Party self-corrects in rather dramatic fashions. Institutionally, new rules get enacted to correct previous dysfunctions.

For example. Political leaders used to retain their positions for life, and they used that to accumulate power and perpetuate their rules.

Mao was the father of modern China, yet his prolonged rule led to disastrous mistakes. So the Party instituted term limits with mandatory retirement age of 68 to 70.

7:06 One thing we often hear is, “Political reforms have lagged far behind economic reforms,” and “China is in dire need of political reform.”

But this claim is a rhetorical trap hidden behind a political bias.

See, some have decided a priori what kinds of changes they want to see, and only such changes can be called political reform.

The truth is, political reforms have never stopped. Compared with 30 years ago, 20 years, even 10 years ago, every aspect of Chinese society, how the country is governed, from the most local level to the highest center, are unrecognizable today.

Now such changes are simply not possible without political reforms of the most fundamental kind. Now I would venture to suggest the Party is the world’s leading expert in political reform.

7:56 The second assumption is that in a one-party state, power gets concentrated in the hands of the few, and bad governance and corruption follow.

Indeed, corruption is a big problem, but let’s first look at the larger context. Now, this may be counterintuitive to you. The Party happens to be one of the most meritocratic political institutions in the world today.

China’s highest ruling body, the Politburo, has 25 members. In the most recent one, only five of them came from a background of privilege, so-called princelings. The other 20, including the president and the premier, came from entirely ordinary backgrounds.

In the larger central committee of 300 or more, the percentage of those who were born into power and wealth was even smaller. The vast majority of senior Chinese leaders worked and competed their way to the top. Compare that with the ruling elites in both developed and developing countries, I think you’ll find the Party being near the top in upward mobility.

8:53 The question then is, how could that be possible in a system run by one party?

Now we come to a powerful political institution, little-known to Westerners: the Party’s Organization Department.

The department functions like a giant human resource engine that would be the envy of even some of the most successful corporations. It operates a rotating pyramid made up of three components: civil service, state-owned enterprises, and social organizations like a university or a community program.

They form separate yet integrated career paths for Chinese officials.

They recruit college grads into entry-level positions in all three tracks, and they start from the bottom, called “keyuan” [clerk]. Then they could get promoted through four increasingly elite ranks: fuke [deputy section manager], ke [section manager], fuchu [deputy division manager], and chu [division manger].

Now these are not moves from “Karate Kid,” okay? It’s serious business.

The range of positions is wide, from running health care in a village to foreign investment in a city district to manager in a company.

Once a year, the department reviews their performance. They interview their superiors, their peers, their subordinates. They vet their personal conduct. They conduct public opinion surveys. Then they promote the winners.

Throughout their careers, these cadres can move through and out of all three tracks.

Over time, the good ones move beyond the four base levels to the fuju [deputy bureau chief] and ju [bureau chief] levels. There, they enter high officialdom.

By that point, a typical assignment will be to manage a district with a population in the millions or a company with hundreds of millions of dollars in revenue. Just to show you how competitive the system is, in 2012 there were 900,000 fuke and ke levels, 600,000 fuchu and chu levels, and only 40,000 fuju and ju levels.

10:47 After the ju levels, the best few move further up several more ranks, and eventually make it to the Central Committee.

The process takes two to three decades. Does patronage play a role? Yes, of course.

But merit remains the fundamental driver.

In essence, the Organization Department runs a modernized version of China’s centuries-old mentoring system.

China’s new president, Xi Jinping, is the son of a former leader, which is very unusual, first of his kind to make the top job. Even for him, the career took 30 years. He started as a village manager, and by the time he entered the Politburo, he had managed areas with a total population of 150 million people and combined GDPs of 1.5 trillion U.S. dollars.

11:33 Now, please don’t get me wrong, okay? This is not a put-down of anyone. It’s just a statement of fact.

George W. Bush, remember him? This is not a put-down. (Laughter) Before becoming governor of Texas, or Barack Obama before running for president, could not make even a small county manager in China’s system. Winston Churchill once said that democracy is a terrible system except for all the rest. Well, apparently he hadn’t heard of the Organization Department.

12:05 Now, Westerners always assume that multi-party election with universal suffrage is the only source of political legitimacy.

12:13 I was asked once, “The Party wasn’t voted in by election. Where is the source of legitimacy?”

12:19 I said, “How about competency?”

12:23 We all know the facts. In 1949, when the Party took power, China was mired in civil wars, dismembered by foreign aggression, average life expectancy at that time, 41 years old.

Today, it’s the second largest economy in the world, an industrial powerhouse, and its people live in increasing prosperity.

12:41 Pew Research polls Chinese public attitudes, and here are the numbers in recent years.

Satisfaction with the direction of the country: 85 percent. Those who think they’re better off than five years ago: 70 percent. Those who expect the future to be better: a whopping 82 percent.

Financial Times polls global youth attitudes, and these numbers, brand new, just came from last week.  93% of China’s Generation Y are optimistic about their country’s future. Now, if this is not legitimacy, I’m not sure what is.

13:19 In contrast, most electoral democracies around the world are suffering from dismal performance. I don’t need to elaborate for this audience how dysfunctional it is, from Washington to European capitals.

With a few exceptions, the vast number of developing countries that have adopted electoral regimes are still suffering from poverty and civil strife.

Governments get elected, and then they fall below 50 percent approval in a few months and stay there and get worse until the next election.

Democracy is becoming a perpetual cycle of elect and regret. At this rate, I’m afraid it is democracy, not China’s one-party system, that is in danger of losing legitimacy.

14:02 Now, I don’t want to create the misimpression that China’s hunky-dory, on the way to some kind of super powerdom. The country faces enormous challenges.

The social and economic problems that come with wrenching change like this are mind-boggling.

Pollution is one. Food safety. Population issues.

On the political front, the worst problem is corruption. Corruption is widespread and undermines the system and its moral legitimacy. But most analysts misdiagnose the disease. They say that corruption is the result of the one-party system, and therefore, in order to cure it, you have to do away with the entire system.

A more careful look would tell us otherwise. Transparency International ranks China between 70 and 80 in recent years among 170 countries, and it’s been moving up.

India, the largest democracy in the world, 94 and dropping. For the hundred or so countries that are ranked below China, more than half of them are electoral democracies. So if election is the panacea for corruption, how come these countries can’t fix it?

 I’m a venture capitalist. I make bets. It wouldn’t be fair to end this talk without putting myself on the line and making some predictions. So here they are.

In the next 10 years, China will surpass the U.S. and become the largest economy in the world.

1. Income per capita will be near the top of all developing countries.

2. Corruption will be curbed, but not eliminated, and China will move up 10 to 20 notches to above 60 in T.I. ranking.

3. Economic reform will accelerate, political reform will continue, and the one-party system will hold firm.

We live in the dusk of an era. Meta-narratives that make universal claims failed us in the 20th century and are failing us in the 21st.

Meta-narrative is the cancer that is killing democracy from the inside.

Now, I want to clarify something. I’m not here to make an indictment of democracy. On the contrary, I think democracy contributed to the rise of the West and the creation of the modern world.

It is the universal claim that many Western elites are making about their political system, the hubris, that is at the heart of the West’s current ills.

If the elite class would spend just a little less time on trying to force their way onto others, and a little bit more on political reform at home, they might give their democracy a better chance.

China’s political model will never supplant electoral democracy, because unlike the latter, it doesn’t pretend to be universal. It cannot be exported. But that is the point precisely.

The significance of China’s example is not that it provides an alternative, but the demonstration that alternatives exist.

Let us draw to a close this era of meta-narratives. Communism and democracy may both be laudable ideals, but the era of their dogmatic universalism is over.

Let us stop telling people and our children there’s only one way to govern ourselves and a singular future towards which all societies must evolve. It is wrong. It is irresponsible. And worst of all, it is boring.

Let universality make way for plurality. Perhaps a more interesting age is upon us. Are we brave enough to welcome it?

17:45 Bruno Giussani: Eric, stay with me for a couple of minutes, because I want to ask you a couple of questions. I think many here, and in general in Western countries, would agree with your statement about analysis of democratic systems becoming dysfunctional, but at the same time, many would kind of find unsettling the thought that there is an unelected authority that, without any form of oversight or consultation, decides what the national interest is. What is the mechanism in the Chinese model that allows people to say, actually, the national interest as you defined it is wrong?

18:23 EXL: You know, Frank Fukuyama, the political scientist, called the Chinese system “responsive authoritarianism.” It’s not exactly right, but I think it comes close.

So I know the largest public opinion survey company in China, okay? Do you know who their biggest client is? The Chinese government.

Not just from the central government, the city government, the provincial government, to the most local neighborhood districts. They conduct surveys all the time.

Are you happy with the garbage collection? Are you happy with the general direction of the country? So there is, in China, there is a different kind of mechanism to be responsive to the demands and the thinking of the people.

My point is, I think we should get unstuck from the thinking that there’s only one political system — election, election, election — that could make it responsive. I’m not sure, actually, elections produce responsive government anymore in the world BG: Many seem to agree. One of the features of a democratic system is a space for civil society to express itself. And you have shown figures about the support that the government and the authorities have in China. But then you’ve just mentioned other elements like, you know, big challenges, and there are, of course, a lot of other data that go in a different direction: tens of thousands of unrests and protests and environmental protests, etc. So you seem to suggest the Chinese model doesn’t have a space outside of the Party for civil society to express itself.

19:56 EXL: There’s a vibrant civil society in China, whether it’s environment or what-have-you. But it’s different.

You wouldn’t recognize it. Because, by Western definitions, a so-called civil society has to be separate or even in opposition to the political system, but that concept is alien for Chinese culture.

For thousands of years, you have civil society, yet they are consistent and coherent and part of a political order, and I think it’s a big cultural difference.

Note: In States as populous and large as continents, it does not make sense to have a vote for the central power without it done in successive levels, piece meal.

Patsy Z and TEDxSKE shared a link.
It’s a standard assumption in the West: As a society progresses, it eventually becomes a capitalist, multi-party democracy.
Right? Eric X. Li, a Chinese investor and political scientist, begs to differ. In this provocative, boundary-pushing talk, he…
ted.com|By Eric X. Li

 

Small men crowding States of tyranny

John Stuart Mill wrote in the 18th century:

“A Sate which dwarfs its men in order that they may be more docile instruments in its hands, even for beneficial purposes, will find that with small men no great thing can really be accomplished”

The Liberty principle means free expression, not only in speech and press, but mainly in life-style.

There is no reason to believe in a “one fit” lifestyle: Experiments in living should be the prerogative of adult citizens.

Ignorance may be bliss.

Not being challenged give us the false sense of bliss.

The main criteria for Liberty rights in political system is: Which political system permit an individual to flourish and develop his potentials.

The people should campaign and act against the “dumbed down” screaming headlines that repeat the same misleading arguments that a system own through its various institutions.

An orchestra conductor State system forces its citizens to sing from the same hymn sheet, instead of allowing the various communities and minorities to play as they wish.

Does a neutral State foregoes a common set of social values?

At least tolerance of other belief systems is prime among the common values.

If laws in other countries are horrendous to our set of values system, it is not permitted to shrug off our shoulder and say “It’s all relative”

Practicing tolerance involves our determination to spread the value of tolerance to other communities.

Even though claims are open to interpretations, claims that toleration of a belief system that we feel is wrong should be only interpreted as if “our own way is wrong”.

There is a difference between interpreting a claim and justifying it: Justifying anything is the phase of taking actions against tolerance.

Is there any difference between tolerant attitudes and the concept that morality is relative in society?

The fact is we are inclined to tolerate once we objectively admit that there is a set of moral values that are Not meant to be relative.

Bridging the gap between generation in tolerating life styles is not readily feasible.

Bridging gaps within a generation in life styles is feasible but requires time, patience and plenty of communication.

Learning to practice tolerance is the hardest of training: We are very deficient in communicating our opinions and values tangibly and pragmatically.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

October 2020
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