Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘reform

The sacs of Rome, printing, Reform, and Renaissance; (August 24, 2009)

The writer and polemist The Aretin was a feared guy by Emperors and Kings; they were cowed into the defensive until their promises are obliged and delivered.

Aretin lived in Rome before 1525 and then moved to Venice to become a famous and respected personality.  It happened that the illustrious painter Titian visited Rome in 1545 and was awed by what he discovered.  Titian wrote to The Aretin describing his enchantment of Rome. The Aretin replied: “You are regretting that you didn’t visit Rome 20 years earlier. If you are awed by what you are seeing now then what you would have done observing Rome when I left it?”

This answer is truer nowadays than even 50 years ago.

Now you would say “If you had seen the Cote d’Azur, the Riviera, Peking, or Rio de Janeiro 50 years ago!”

No, this is not nostalgia matter. Rome was indeed ransacked in 1527 by the French at the order of Emperor Charles Quint. The invading troops looted almost everything for months during Pope Clement 7 who loved art and encouraged artists and learned people to settle in Rome.

Consequent to that ransacking most artists and learned spirit immigrated to various regions in Europe.  The new printing discovery played as a catalyst for the Luther reformists and the dispersed artists and spread Renaissance in Europe.

Rome was ransacked several times by the Christian “heretics” coming from France, Germany, and central Europe.

Christian heretic sects evolved since 325 after the Nicee conclave and the following conclaves as Emperor Constantine decided to unite the divergent dogmas into an Imperial orthodox dogma.  The heretics in the Orient fled Byzantium Empire to Persia, the Arab Peninsula, and reached China with their brands of Christianity.

Wars that invade key and civilized rich cities instead of subjugating entire countries and people had beneficial results to disseminating civilizations.

What socio-political reforms for Lebanon? (Part 3, December 2, 2008)

 Any serious reforms in Lebanon have to be snatched through a grass root movement, working for the long haul.  With the failure of the secular political parties to making any headway, after over 75 years of their foundation, it is paramount that a new secular movement be created under fundamental principals.

Theoretically, we should discriminate among leaders, political and social; we should differentiate among the leader who is secular at heart but act confessional; the leader who is secular at heart but talks confessional; and the leader who is confessional at heart but talks secular.  The bottom line is that all our leaders never dared submit a secular law to the Parliament or tried to form a coalition of secular parties and associations.

The fundamental basis for this movement is to consider the common denominators that the new generations, in most religious castes, are ready to agree with.  The leading value is social and political equitableness, which is the under current of all the philosophical and moral concepts of equality, freedom, liberty, democracy, justice, security and the rest.  Citizens want to be listened to seriously and for their opinions to be considered at their just values after deep reflection and investment in time and energy.

 First of all, the new movement has to declare its loyalty to the recognized State of Lebanon by the United Nations.  This movement should not be used as a platform for discussions on whether Lebanon is a Nation or not a nation or what are the basis for being labeled, Phoenician, Syrian, Arab, Moslem, or the dozen other exotic sources for an exclusive and elusive identity.  Tiny Lebanon is one of over 170 States recognized by the UN that has no basis to be a nation in population or land sizes.

The notion of a nation is real and will still exist for years to come.  I suggest that the study of our nationality be done in study groups of individuals who are interested enough to read, invest time and energy to discuss and dialogue and analyze.  Failure to instituting serious study groups, it is tantamount to return to our current states of affairs of dogmatism and infantile demagoguery.

 Second, the movement should recognize plainly and bluntly the reality of our current socio-political system, analyze it clearly and then never bring that subject again.  The new movement should not be used as promotional medium for the confessional parties to inculcate our religious caste system, through repetition, into our psychic. Consequently, the members of the new movement are not to even indulge public challenges based on caste and confessional platforms or through the audio-visual communication media.  To the general public, we may confidently say that we studied the system, we acknowledged its shortcoming, we set it behind us, and we resumed the struggle according to programs and plans.

Confessionalism, feudalism, sectarianism and all the “isms” will be around for many years.  Approaching and confronting these realities should be done under serious study groups.

 Third, the members are Lebanese who are striving for a modern civil society and central civil status register and working to instituting civil marriage laws and inheritance programs.  Any program that tends to open up the communication lines among castes is good enough to start with.  Any program that facilitates inner trade and association is good enough for a start.

What socio-political reforms for Lebanon? (Part 2, November 31, 2008)

What Republic does Lebanon have? Lebanon has no republic except the official name: Lebanon has no strong central government to spread the general good to all its citizens or impose its laws to all its 18 religious castes.

There are various concepts for republics, but the common denominator is that what is good for the largest majority is good to the individual. And there are no such benefit or purposes in Lebanon.

My brand of Republic is to give the citizens choices and opportunities to decide among the public and private institutions that  offer competitive levels of services in quality and performance.

Institutions such as schools, universities, hospitals, insurance, health coverage, industries and so on.  The citizen or family does not have to opt exclusively for public or private institutions , but he can have a mix of loyalties that relate best to their individual reflection for the present and for the future.

What could be considered best now might not project any benefit for a sustainable society.

A Republic should invest enough to compete with private institutions without targeting certain sectors for hegemony; otherwise, society might be confronted with a heavy elite class of bureaucrats, a long time nemesis in any institution.

The system should be balanced to entice the private sector to compete fairly.  This tag of war between public and private competition for quality and performance is the most beneficial system to achieving stable capacity for development.

Does Lebanon have democracy, which means that the individual is the most powerful element during the municipal and legislative elections?

Not really. Democracy in Lebanon is farcical: individuals follow the caste orders and feudal lords and the few free minded “citizens” are no match to what we call “The bulldozer factor” of caste selection for representatives.

The election laws are utterly biased toward the caste system:  the system of proportionality has been rejected again and again.  Most of our political parties are confessionals; the secular parties have hard time overcoming the biased electoral laws.

In modern democracies, claims of communities and syndicates are heard and negotiated under an established and respected Constitution and the laws of the land; not so in Lebanon.

Furthermore, our syndicates are mirror images of our caste system in their representative system and behavior.

Actually, universities degrees are not recognized until you register into the appropriate professional syndicate.  There are many professions without a syndicate or a legitimate association for the government to acknowledge them in State institutions or even for stamping the profession on the passport!

What is considered a “majority” in a democracy?

What is the appropriate time span to revise the decision of a “majority?

What are the conditions and situations that forces upon a democracy to revise decisions?

What is the efficient balance between duration to exercising authority and needs to infuse the administrations with new and fresh figures?

What is certain is that when a homogeneous group, caste, party, or syndicate is consistently at odd with the policies of a Republic then, the Republic is not functioning properly because that reflect a tendency that no intensive efforts are invested in communicating and dialoguing with the “minority” groups.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

December 2021
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