Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘“right of return”

Massacre: Beirut Sabra and Shatila Palestinian camps. An investigation

Note: Re-edit of “Investigation into a massacre: Sabra and Chatila by Amnon Kapeliouk (June 17, 2009)”

After I published the post “The culprit: vegetative Ariel Sharon” I got hold of a frightening manuscript that kept me awake all night.

Amnon Kapeliouk published in 1982 a French book “Investigation into a massacre: Sabra and Chatila”.  He gathered valuable information from a wide variety of sources both in Israel and in Lebanon.  The manuscript describes in 115 pages details of the genocide that was perpetrated in the Palestinian camps in south Beirut from Tuesday September 14 to Monday 20, 1982.

I will end the review with the political and economic reasons for this mindless and bestial slaughter house tale.

Before Tuesday, September 14, 1982

By summer 1981, Israel defense Minister Ariel Sharon had prepared an incursion plan into Lebanon.  Israel invaded Lebanon on June 4, 1982 with the avowed intention of limiting the incursion to 40 kilometers and cleaning up pockets of Palestinian resistance in south Lebanon.

In the Knesset on June 8, Menachem Begin PM describes the Palestinians “animals with two legs”.

During a monster demonstration on July 17 in Tel Aviv Menachem Begin PM declared “By the end of this year we will have signed a peace treaty with Lebanon.”

The Israeli incursion extended to the Capital Beirut, leaving 20,000 civilian dead and 30,000 severely injured.

“Plan Reagan” of September 2 denied Israel the annexation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.  Israel was pressured to end this invasion and Ariel Sharon would repeatedly answer “Patience gentlemen; the fruit of this war will be obvious soon”

Minister Yaakov Meridor sent a directive to the Israeli army related to the Palestinian refugees stating: “Force the Palestinians to flee toward East Lebanon to the borders with Syria. Do not let them return”

The Israeli army (Tsahal) did their best to totally demolish the Palestinian camps in south Lebanon, in Tyr, and Saida; it effected mass slaughter among the refugees.

This directive failed because the Palestinian refugees had nowhere else to go.  It was obviously that the main objective of this war was to evacuate most of the Palestinians out of Lebanon and toward Syria. 

Israel knew that Lebanon was too small, weak, and with a social and political confessional fabric that would never allow the majority Palestinian Sunnis residency status.  Since the sole objective is to practically cancel out UN resolution 194 for the “right of return” of the refugees to their homeland Palestine then the other alternative was to kill as many as they could.

Ariel Sharon bombarded Beirut for three weeks and closed off all access to the Capital.  The Lebanese political leaders in Beirut urged Arafat to leave Beirut and a deal with President Reagan’s special envoy Philip Habib stipulated that the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) headed by Yasser Arafat and 12,000 strong was to be evacuated to Cyprus on French navies and then head to Tunisia.

The PLO left Lebanon and the camps were left undefended.

The multinationals of the USA, France, and Italy (supposed by the deal to defend the civilians) vacated their posts around the Palestinian camps by order of Israel.

During the early years of the civil war in Lebanon there were three camps in the Christian districts such the ones in Dbayeh, Jesr al Basha, and Tell al Zaatar.

The Christian militias overran these camps and forced the evacuation of the Christian Palestinians by military activities, genocide, and terror.  These camps were prime Real Estates and the developers, the deputies and ministers of the Metn district made a fortune.

As Israel invaded Lebanon in 1982, the “Lebanese Forces” and Real Estates developers had plans for the even higher value Estates in Chatila and Sabra Palestinian camps in Beirut. They figured that they will rule Lebanon alongside the Israelis.

Tuesday, September 14, 1982; (Iron Brain Operation):

The Israeli army is stationed on the outskirts of Beirut on all sides. Multinational forces of the USA, France, and Italy were brought in to protect the Palestinian civilians in the camps around Beirut.

Bachir Gemayel was elected President of the Lebanese Republic on August 23 under the bayonet of the Israeli army. (Deputies were brought in Israeli tanks to vote).

Bachir Gemayel (34 years old) was the closest ally to Israel since the civil war broke out in April 13, 1975 and he  headed the Christian militias named “The Lebanese Forces” that united the Phalange Party, the Party of Camille Chamoun, and other fringe parties by coercion and frightful infighting.

“The Lebanese Forces” had received from Israel military training, military sophisticated hardware, logistics, and military intelligence.  Israel Menachem Began PM and Ariel Sharon (Defense Minister) expected immediate peace pact to be signed by Bashir.

Bashir was reluctant to officially sign any peace treaty before he discuss with Arab leaders and consolidate his power.

The day before his formal appointment as President, and at 4:10 p.m. a charge of 50 kilos of TNT explodes at the above flat where Bachir was meeting with his supporters in Ashrafieh.

Sharon had accurate intelligence of the status and location of of Bachir within minutes.  The Media and radios would refrain from declaring Bachir dead until 10:30 p.m.

By 6 p.m. Israel has established an air bridge to land tanks and soldiers in Beirut airport.  Sharon and Begin PM agree to enter the Capital Beirut without consulting with their cabinet of ministers.  An already detailed military plan for invading West Beirut is unfolded in the Defense Ministry.

Wednesday, September 15; (Israel occupies the first Arab Capital)

General Amir Drori, commander of Northern Israel region, receive the order at 12:30 a.m. to take over the strategic points in West Beirut.  At 3:30 a.m. commanders of the Christian militias known as “Lebanese Forces” are assembled in their headquarters on the outskirt of south Beirut close to the Israeli headquarter.

The Israeli Generals Rafael Eytan (Falfoul) and Amir Drori are discussing plans with the militia officers Fadi Frem, Elie Hobeika, Emile 3id, Michel Zouein, Deeb Anastase, Maroun Mich3alani, Joseph Edde and the liaison “Jessy”.  They are ironing out details of the invasion of the Christian milias into the Palestinian camps of Sabra and Chatila.

The “Lebanese Forces” militia got busy painting their logos on walls and trees with directional arrows for troop’s movement from Chouweifat to Kuwait Embassy.  At 5 a.m. the Israeli forces have cordoned off both Palestinian camps.  By 9 a.m. Ariel Sharon is observing the deployment from a tall building close to the Kuwait Embassy and overlooking the camps, 200 meters away.

Sharon finds time at 1 a.m. to fly to Bikfaya and present his condolences to the Gemayel family; he is received coldly.  The Lebanese army in West Beirut refuses to cooperate with Tsahal.  By nightfall electricity power is shut off in West Beirut.  By 10 p.m. rockets for lighting the Palestinian camps are launched at the rate of two per minutes at each launching point.

Thursday, September 16 (Felicitations! Our friends are entering the camps)

By noon, West Beirut has completely fallen and Tsahal is rounding up thousands of Lebanese at checkpoints.  The Palestinian camps are shelled and Israeli snipers are active.

At noon General Drori asks Fadi Frem if his militias are ready to enter the camps. They are ready and 1,500 Christian militias receive the green light for action.  They assemble by the airport and the Israeli General Amos Yaron exhibit to them aerial maps.

General Yaron confirms that Tsahal will deliver all the logistics and supplies for the “cleaning up of the camps“.  The Christian militias were never shy proclaiming at every occasion to the Israeli officers that they meant a thorough slaughter of babies, women, and elderly Palestinians.

The Phalangists (Kataeb) used to utter their motto “A dead Palestinian is pollution. The extermination of all Palestinian refugees in Lebanon is the solution”

A unit of 150 Christian’ militias crosses from Ouzai to the Lebanese army barrack of Henri Chehab to their headquarters at the UN building. 

The Israeli checkpoints let 25 jeeps packed of militias enter the camp of Chatila at 4 p.m.  The frightened civilian Palestinians go to the Israeli headquarter ad expressed their strong concerns. They are told to return and not be worried.

A detachment of soldiers of the splintered Lebanese army in south Lebanon and commanded by Major Saad Haddad, the stooge to Israel, arrives to the outskirts of Chatila.  Before 5 p.m. the dirty wolves were inside the chicken hen.

Within an hour, hundreds of Palestinian civilians, babies, women, and elderly are slaughtered by machetes, knives, and hatchets. 

Palestinians and Lebanese within the camps, regardless of being Christians or Muslims, are killed while having supper. The militias cut off limbs of women to grab bracelets attached in their forearms before finishing off their victims. Babies’ skulls are smashed on walls. Women are raped before being killed.  Nine Jewish women who married Palestinians long time ago were also killed.

During the night delegations of Palestinians arrive at Israel’s headquarter to explain the situation and they are repulsed to the camps; most of the members of the delegations disappeared.

A militia demands a stretcher for a few wounded companions and explains “We have finished off more than 250 dirty Palestinians”.

By 11 p.m. a militia commander had expedited to the highest military Israeli echelons a succinct report stating “As of now 300 terrorists have been eliminated”.  The camps were brightly lighted with 81 mm rockets.  Two thousand Palestinians take refuge in nearby hospitals named Akka and Gaza.

In Jerusalem at 7:30 p.m. the Israeli cabinet met for 4 hours; Chief of Staff Raphael Eytan quickly goes over the situation in the camps stating “The Phalangists are cleaning up a few nests of terrorists”.

The massacre resumed for the entire night.

The Israeli soldiers were witnessing the genocides and did not move.  A single Israeli soldier with a minimum of moral standing and with a minimum of guts could have entered and ordered the militias out; they would have obeyed! Nobody moved. The Israeli soldiers just reported to their higher commanders who knew the plan.

Friday, September 17

At day break and from their posts Israeli soldiers could see people lined up on walls and executed.

The hospitals are invested; foreign physicians and nurses are chased out and everyone inside is killed.  An Israeli officer broadcast “It is not done to pleasure us. I forbid you to intervene in the camps.”

Fresh militias, among them “soldiers” of Saad Haddad, enter the camps in jeeps and bulldozers borrowed from the Israeli army.

At 11 a.m. the militias barge into Akka hospital and finish off the injured; they raped a nurse 10 times before killing her.

Forty of the personnel are hoarded into a truck; they will disappear.  Bulldozers are digging ditches by the Israeli headquarter; a Norwegian diplomat observe a shoveling truck dumping cadavers into the ditches.

By noon, fresh militias reinforcement are observed by the airport; ten “command cars”, 13 tanks, jeeps, and more bulldozers are filmed by an Israeli TV channel reporter Ron Ben Yichai heading toward the camps.  The militias carry with them plenty of alcoholic beverages and hashish.

The Israeli Chief of Staff lands his helicopter at Beirut airport 3:30 p.m. and meet with the militia chief Fadi Frem and congratulates him on “a job well done” because they did not obey the American orders to vacate the camps.

Eytan flies back to his ranch in Tel-Adachim to celebrate Israel’s New Year with his family; he will call Sharon around 9 p.m. to tell him “the Phalangists are exaggerating“.

Today, the militias are shooting bullets to expedite the “clean up” mission.  Trucks packed with Palestinians are taken out of camps; the detainees are never heard of.

All night long, with the camps well lighted by Israeli rockets, the bulldozers are destroying the shantytown homes over their inhabitants.

Yesterday, the objective was to terrorize the Palestinians out of camps; they had nowhere to go since the Israeli checkpoints forced them to return to camps.

This night, the goal is to erase the camp completely of any structure and clean up this prime Real Estate.  Ben Yichai called up Sharon to inform him of the horrible conditions in the camps and he reported “Ariel Sharon gave me the impression that he was updated thoroughly on the situation”.

In the Israeli headquarters soldiers are eating lavishly, celebrating the New Year, and enjoying the carnage scene overlooking the Palestinian camps. A single Israeli soldier with a minimum of moral standing and with a minimum of balls could have entered and ordered the militias out: they would have obeyed!  Nobody moved.

Saturday, September 18, 1982:  (No prisoners taken)

At dawn the carnage goes on.

It will resume till after 10 a.m. the time that Israel had decided that the operation should end. At 6 a.m. the loudspeakers of the militias are encouraging the Palestinians to set out of their homes saying “Go out and you will be saved” (Sallimou Tislamou).

Thousands obey the order and they are hoarded into trucks; they will disappear. Many are executed on the way: “It is better to kill the maximum before delivering them to the Israelis”; the roads toward Ouzai are strewn with bodies.  The bulldozers and shoveling equipments are working full time.

The hospitals get invested again and the injured achieved.  The foreign physicians and nurses witness the activities helplessly.

At exactly 10 a.m. Israeli tanks move toward the camps; it is the signal for the militias to vacate the camps. Over 4,000 Palestinian and Lebanese civilians in camps containing more than 20,000 will be recorded disappeared.

For two weeks, the Lebanese army, Red Cross, and volunteers will not be able to “re-clean up” this human disaster. (To be continued in my posts “Reactions to the genocide”)

Note 1:  The Lebanese Shiaa in south Lebanon had strong animosity against the Palestinian fedayeen since 1975 when the civil war started: Israel was constantly shelling and bombing the south “in reprisal” of the Palestinian “katiusha” and the Lebanese government and army had stopped reacting or coming to the aid of its citizens in south Lebanon.

The charismatic leaders of the Shiaa Imam Moussa Sadr managed to control their anger until he “disappeared” in 1978 while on a visit to Libya.

Probably Israel had assassinated Sadr and blamed Kadhafi for the disappearance. Israel knew that as Moussa Sadr is out of the picture then the Shiaa will welcome the Israeli invading forces with rice and joy to get rid of the Palestinian resistance forces.

That is what happened exactly; Shiaa joined the splintered Lebanese army in the south which was commanded by major Saad Haddad, a stooge to Israel.

From 1978 to 1983 the Shiaa militias of AMAL, lead by Nabih Berri, the successor to Sadr, followed the orders of the Syrian regime to enter every Palestinian camp and retrieve heavy arms; many battles with the Palestinians inside camps were routine.

All that was reversed as Hezbollah was formed in 1984 by the support of Khomeini in Iran. Nabih Berry of AMAL calmed down and Israel withdrew without any preconditions from south Lebanon in May 24, 2000 as the splintered Lebanese army lacked manpower and suffered heavy casualties by the frequent well targeted Hezbollah attacks.

Note 2: Yasser Arafat played a central role during the Lebanese civil war that started in April 13, 1975 and ended in 1991.  He tried to maintain a balanced position in the tag of war between Hafez Assad of Syria and Sadate of Egypt at the expense of the Lebanese civilians.

The leftist Lebanese organizations relied on Arafat for logistics in arms and ammunition and he controlled them completely.

Arafat and his PLO were actually fighting Israel, Syria, and the Christian militias of the “Lebanese Forces”. Arafat once declared in Ramallah around 1998 that he was the de facto governor of Lebanon for over 20 years, even before the civil war broke out.

Lebanon would have been saved 13 years of mindless civil war if Arafat had decided to relinquish Lebanon to Syria and dealt with Israel in 1977 instead of 1993 for part of Palestine as he was forced to do later during the Oslo Agreement.

Note 3: There are indications that ex-President Amine Gemayel, Deputy and Minister Michel Murr, and the Maronite Church are among the profiteers in the reclamation of the land of the Palestinian camps in the Christian cantons.

Towns and villages of Palestinians that Israel displaced in January 1948

Those fleeing Palestinians had to take refuge in Lebanon and Jordan, hoping they will be back home under the UN resolution “Right of Return” of 194. They were never allowed to Return since then.

القرى والمدن الفلسطينية التي احتُلت وطُرد أهلها في عام 1948 كانون ثاني/ يناير 1948

by mohammadhamdan64

القرى والمدن الفلسطينية التي احتُلت وطُرد أهلها في عام 1948

كانون ثاني/ يناير 1948

لفتا، قضاء القدس، 2958 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 كانون ثاني/ يناير 1948.

بيت عقا، قضاء غزة، 812 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 10 كانون ثاني/ يناير 1948.

خربة المنصورة، قضاء صفد، 232 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 18 كانون ثاني/ يناير 1948.

شباط/ فبراير 1948

المر (محمدية)، قضاء يافا، 197 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 شباط/ فبراير 1948.

الحر (سيدنا علي)، قضاء يافا، 603 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 3 شباط/ فبراير 1948.

خربة البرج، قضاء يافا، هُجَّرت في 15 شباط/ فبراير 1948.

قيسارية، قضاء حيفا، 1.114 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 15 شباط/ فبراير 1948.

وادي عارة، قضاء حيفا، 267 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 27 شباط/ فبراير 1948.

آذار/ مارس 1948

المنارة، قضاء طبريا، 568 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 آذار/ مارس 1948.

وادي قباني، قضاء طولكرم، 371 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 آذار/ مارس 1948.

الجلمة، قضاء طولكرم، 81 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 آذار/ مارس 1948.

خربة المجدل، قضاء طولكرم. هُجَّرت في 1 آذار/ مارس 1948.

قبرة وقامون، قضاء حيفا، 476 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 آذار/ مارس 1948.

خربة المنارة، قضاء حيفا، هُجَّرت في 1 آذار/ مارس 1948.

داليا الروحاء، قضاء حيفا، 325 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 آذار/ مارس 1948.

المنشية، قضاء طبريا، هُجَّرت في 3 آذار/ مارس 1948.

العبيدية، قضاء طبريا، 1.009 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 3 آذار/ مارس 1948.

دير أيوب، قضاء القدس، 371 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 6 آذار/ مارس 1948.

رمل زيتا، قضاء طولكرم، 162 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 15 آذار/ مارس 1948.

وادي الحوارث، قضاء طولكرم، 2.552 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 15 آذار/ مارس 1948.

خربة الشونا، قضاء حيفا، هُجَّرت في 15 آذار/ مارس 1948.

الجماسين الغربي، قضاء يافا، 1.253 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 17 آذار/ مارس 1948.

الجماسين الشرقي، قضاء يافا، هُجَّرت في 17 آذار/ مارس 1948.

أم خالد، قضاء طولكرم، 1.125 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 20 آذار/ مارس 1948.

قومية، قضاء بيسان، 510 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 26 آذار/ مارس 1948.

عرب أبو كشك، قضاء يافا، 2.204 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 30 آذار/ مارس 1948.

عرب السوالمة، قضاء يافا، 928 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 30 آذار/ مارس 1948.

الشيخ مؤنس، قضاء يافا، 2.239 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 30 آذار/ مارس 1948.

بيار حنون، قضاء طولكرم، هُجَّرت في 31 آذار/ مارس 1948.

نيسان/ إبريل 1948

فرديسيا، قضاء طولكرم، 23 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

يردا، قضاء صفد، 23 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

العريفية، قضاء صفد، هُجَّرت في 1 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

بيت نقوبا، قضاء القدس، 278 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

بيت ثول، قضاء القدس، 302 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

والدهيم (أم العماد)، قضاء حيفا، 302 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

خربة رأس علي، قضاء حيفا، هُجَّرت في 1 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

بيت لحم، قضاء حيفا، 429 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 1 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

تبصر (خربة عزون)، قضاء طولكرم، هُجَّرت في 3 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

قالونيا، قضاء القدس، 1.056 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 3 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

القسطل، قضاء القدس، 104 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 3 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

إجليل القبلية، قضاء يافا، 545 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 3 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

إجليل الشمالية، قضاء يافا، 220 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 3 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

خربة بيت ليد، قضاء طولكرم، 534 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 5 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

سيرين، قضاء بيسان 940 نسمة، هُجَّرت في 6 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

صيدون، قضاء الرملة، 220 نسمة. هُجَّرت 6 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

خلدا، قضاء الرملة، 325 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 6 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

دير محيسن، قضاء الرملة، 534 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 6 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

أم كلخا، قضاء الرملة، 70 نسمة. هُجَّرت 7 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

خربة بيت فار، قضاء الرملة، 348 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 7 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

الغبية الفوقا، قضاء حيفا، هُجَّرت 8 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

الغبية التحتا، قضاء حيفا، هُجَّرت في 8 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

دير ياسين، قضاء القدس، 708 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 9 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

أبو شوشة، قضاء حيفا، 835 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 9 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

خربة لد (لد العوادين)، قضاء حيفا، 742 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 9 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

عرب الفقراء، قضاء حيفا، 360 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 10 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

عرب ظهرة الضميري، قضاء حيفا، هُجَّرت في 10 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

عرب النفيعات، قضاء حيفا، 951 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 10 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

خربة ناصر الدين، قضاء طبريا، 104 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 12 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

عين المنسي، قضاء جنين، 104 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 12 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

بيار عدس، قضاء يافا، 348 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 12 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

أبو زريق، قضاء حيفا، 638 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 12 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

الكفرين، قضاء حيفا، 1.067 نسمة. هجرت في 12 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

تبصر (خربة عزون)، قضاء حيفا، 1.392 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 12 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

النغنغية، قضاء حيفا، 1.311 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 12 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

خربة زلفة، قضاء طولكرم، 244 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 15 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

المنشية، قضاء طولكرم، 476 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 15 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

نطاف، قضاء القدس، 46 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 15 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

خربة السركس، قضاء حيفا، 751 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 15 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

عرب الغوارين (بما فيها جدرو)، قضاء حيفا، 719 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 15 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

هوشة، قضاء حيفا، 464 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 15 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

الطيرة، قضاء بيسان، 174 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 15 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

ساريس، قضاء القدس، 650 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 16 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

وعرة السريسن، قضاء حيفا، 229 نسمة. هُجَّرت في 16 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

خربة الكساير، قضاء حيفا، هُجَّرت في 16 نيسان/ إبريل 1948.

وادي حنين، قضاء الرملة، 1.879 نسمة. هُجَّ

Notes and tidbits posted on FB and Twitter. Part 152

Note: I take notes of books I read and comment on events and edit sentences that fit my style. I pay attention to researched documentaries and serious links I receive. The page is long and growing like crazy, and the sections I post contains a month-old events that are worth refreshing your memory.

On raconte ses Noels? J’etais en pension (boarding school) durant 6 ans. Mes parents venaient tous les 2 etes. Nos Noels, mon frere et soeur, n’etaient pas celebre’ en famille, mais avec les etudiants que leurs parents ne pouvaient pas les recuperer. Je  me souvient d’un Noel ou je coupais and gluais des cartons pour construire des mainsons dans une grande sale d’etude, presque vide. Un cadeau miserable nous etait offert. C’est tout. Un autre Noel on fut inviter avec mon frere a une maison d’une cousine (Nadia 3abboud Toubiyya) qui travaillait a l’ecole. C’etait une soire’ simple, chalereuse et memorable, beaucoup plus memorable que tous les autres Noels qui suivirent.

In 1946, the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry concluded that the demand for a “Jewish State” was Not part of the obligations of the Balfour Declaration or the British Mandate.

Even in the First Zionist Congress in Basel in 1897, when Zionists sought to “establish a home for the Jewish people”, there was no reference of a “Jewish State”.

If the US wants Iran to withdraw its military presence in Syria, it better plans to withdraw and close all its bases in North Syria. For the time being, US has to close its bases by the Syria/Iraq borders (no need for any buffer zone there)

In 1900 lived in historical Palestine 800,000 of its 840,000 inhabitants and a few thousands Jews lived in a few colonies. Most of the Palestinians were driven off their land through wars, terror tactics, violent eviction or fear.

Remember that in 1948, UN resolution 198 included the Right of Return of the Palestinians to their homeland and the 1947 resolution divided Palestine into 2 States with definite boundaries.

It is very easy to cherry-pick quotes from scriptures of all religions that permit or enjoin violent acts against other people. This is the danger of believing “every word and sentences” in religious books that were fabricated piece-meal during decades and centuries to fit the power-to-be interests.

Je patiente dans l’attente de grands changements? Comme s’enfoncer plus profondement dans une routine futile and sans issue?

Pour Franco, je constituais la preuve de son omnipotence a me transformer: je lui permettais de demontrer qu’il savait etre un homme comme il se doit, et aussi etre la femme qu’il aurait voulu etre.

Les evenements de changements arrivent par vagues. Ils sont plus frequent et performants pendant les periodes de development econmiques, qu’on appelle “periodes instables“.

Unstable periods? It means changes are the results of economic transformation

Is it this Only reality of death that is rendering moments of fulgurant epiphany possible? We try hard to demonstrate we are smart or nonchalant in our periods of depressive moods

Nous etions deux adultes raisonables: on pense qu’on peut discuter et expliquer pour affronter nos divergences? Mon oeil. Seuls, les enfants savent resoudre leurs problems: le present a plus de valeur a tout moment.


Edwardo Galeano: Apartheid Israel slowly but surely swallowed Palestine

Note: Yesterday, Dec. 23, 2016, the UN issued a resolution summoning Israel to desist from further settlements in the West Bank.

Israel vowed to empty this resolution from any effects. Like practically killing the spirit of UN resolution 198 of 1948 declaring the Right of Return for Palestinians to their homeland.

Edwardo Galeano posted « Peu de Palestine reste. Pas à pas, Israël l’efface de la carte »

Pour se justifier, le terrorisme de l’État fabrique des terroristes : il sème de la haine et récolte des alibis.

Tout indique que cette boucherie de Gaza, qui selon ses auteurs veut en finir avec les terroristes, réussira à les multiplier.

Depuis 1948, les palestiniens vivent condamnés à l’humiliation perpétuelle. Ils ne peuvent même respirer sans permission.

Ils ont perdu leur patrie, leurs terres, leur eau, leur liberté, leur tout.

Ils n’ont même pas le droit de choisir leurs gouvernants. Quand ils votent pour celui pour lequel ils ne doivent pas voter, ils sont punis. Gaza est punie.

C’est devenu une souricière sans sortie, depuis que le Hamas a proprement gagné les élections en 2006. Quelque chose de semblable était arrivée en 1932, quand le Parti Communiste a triomphé aux élections d’El Salvador. (The USA fomented a military coup)

Baignés dans le sang, les habitants du Salvador ont expié leur mauvaise conduite et depuis ce temps-là ont vécu soumis à des dictatures militaires. La démocratie est un luxe que tous ne méritent pas .

Enfants de l’impuissance sont les roquettes « maison » que les militants du Hamas, parqués à Gaza, lancent maladroitement sur les terres qui avaient été palestiniennes et que l’occupation israélienne a usurpées.

Et le désespoir, au bord de la folie suicidaire est la mère des bravades qui nient le droit à l’existence d’Israël, des cris sans aucune efficacité, tandis que la guerre très efficace d’extermination nie, depuis des années, le droit à l’existence de la Palestine.

Peu reste de la Palestine. Pas à pas, Israël l’efface de la carte.

Les colons envahissent, et après eux les soldats corrigent la frontière. Les balles sacralisent la spoliation, en légitime défense. Il n’y a pas de guerre agressive qui ne dit pas être une guerre défensive.

Hitler a envahi la Pologne pour éviter que la Pologne envahisse l’Allemagne. (Funny)

Bush a envahi l’Irak pour éviter que l’Irak envahisse le monde.

Dans chacune de ses guerres défensives, Israël a avalé un autre morceau de la Palestine, et les déjeuners suivent. La dévoration se justifie par les titres de la propriété que la Bible a octroyée, par les deux mille ans de persécution dont le peuple juif a souffert, et par la panique que les palestiniens génèrent au guet.

Israël est le pays qui ne tient jamais les recommandations ni les résolutions des Nations Unies, celui qui ne respecte jamais les sentences des tribunaux internationaux, celui qui se moque des lois internationales, et est aussi l’unique pays qui a légalisé la torture de prisonniers.

(Every day, Israel detains administratively a dozen Palestinian youth under a British law of 1036)

Qui lui a offert le droit de nier tous les droits ? D’où vient l’impunité avec laquelle Israël exécute le massacre de Gaza ? Le gouvernement espagnol n’aurait pas pu impunément bombarder le Pays Basque pour en finir avec l’ETA, ni le gouvernement britannique aurait pu raser l’Irlande pour liquider l’IRA. Est-ce que la tragédie de l’Holocauste implique une assurance d’impunité éternelle ?

Ou ce feu vert provient-il de la puissance, le grand manitou qui a en Israël le plus inconditionnel de ses vassaux ? L’armée israélienne, la plus moderne et sophistiquée du monde, sait qui elle tue.

Elle ne tue pas par erreur. Elle tue par horreur. Les victimes civiles s’appellent dommages collatéraux, selon le dictionnaire d’autres guerres impériales.

A Gaza, sur chaque dix dommages collatéraux, trois sont enfants.

Et s’ajoutent par milliers, les mutilés, les victimes de la technologie de l’écartèlement humain que l’industrie militaire essaie avec réussite dans cette opération de purification ethnique. Et comme toujours, toujours la même chose : à Gaza, cent pour un. Par chaque cent palestiniens morts, un Israélien.

Des gens dangereux, avertit l’autre bombardement, pour le compte des médias de masse de manipulation, qui nous invitent à croire qu’une vie israélienne vaut autant que cent vies palestiniennes. Et ces médias nous invitent à croire aussi que sont humanitaires les deux cents bombes atomiques d’Israël, et qu’une puissance nucléaire appelée Iran a été celle qui a anéanti Hiroshima et Nagasaki.

La soi-disant communauté internationale : existe-t-elle ? Est-elle quelque chose de plus qu’un club de marchands, de banquiers et de guerriers ?

Est-elle quelque chose de plus que le nom scène que prennent les États-Unis quand ils font du théâtre ? Devant la tragédie de Gaza, l’hypocrisie mondiale brille encore une fois.

Comme toujours, l’indifférence, les discours vides, les déclarations creuses, les déclamations ronflantes, les postures ambiguës, rendent un tribut à l’impunité sacrée. Devant la tragédie de la Gaza, les pays arabes se lavent les mains. Comme toujours. Et comme toujours, les pays européens se frottent les mains.

La vieille Europe, si capable de beauté et de perversité, répand quelque larme tandis qu’elle célèbre secrètement ce coup de maître. Parce que la partie de chasse aux Juifs a toujours été une coutume européenne, mais depuis un demi-siècle cette dette historique est demandée aux palestiniens, qui sont aussi sémites et qui n’ont jamais été, ni ne sont, antisémites.

Ils paient, par le sang comptant et trébuchant, un compte des autres. (Cet article est consacré à mes amis juifs assassinés par les dictatures latino-américaines qu’Israël avaient conseillées).

Eduardo Galeano

Caracas, le 26 novembre 2012 –

Suffering from one of these Symptoms?

Are Car Explosions becoming the norm in Lebanon, as in Iraq?

Already 3 car bombs, Kamikaze style, were witnessed this month of the year.

Haidar Eid posted on FB this Jan. 22, 2014:
Symptoms of Normalization:
1- You start feeling “fed up” with the “conflict” between the “2 sides” (Coalitions of March 8 and 14)
2- You start believing that it all began in 1967
3- You start defending the idea of “dialogue between the “2 parties”
4- You blame “extremists” on “both sides,” especially Palestinian and (Syrian) “terrorists”
5- You keep repeating: “both parties are to blame for the ongoing bloodshed
6- You keep saying/parroting: “both peoples are suffering and this has to come to an end
7- You become more pragmatic about the Right of Return of Palestinians, Syrians… which becomes “impossible to implement
8- You start thinking that the best way to resolve the refugees’ dilemma (Syrians and Palestinians) is by finding “an agreed upon” solution
9- “Partition,” for you, becomes THE solution; 2 states for 2 peoples based on their ethno-religious backgrounds.
For example, 77% of Palestine for Israeli Jews, and the rest is negotiable.
10- You start getting the attention of CNN, BBC, possibly Fox News, NY Times, Washington Post if you suffer from the above symptoms, in addition to becoming dim-witted and patronizing at the same time, do not panic.
It can be treated.
Any other normalizing symptoms you feel subjected to?
Call the nearest BDS group IMMEDIATELY.

Uncontested Palestinian Leader: late Yasser Arafat (Abu 3Ammar); June 15, 2009


            Known as Yasser Arafat; code-named “Abu Ammar”; full name Muhammad Abdel Raouf Arafat Al Koudwa Al Husseiny was born in Jerusalem in 1929.  He studied civil engineering at Cairo and worked in Kuwait. In the summer of 1965 he started guerilla activities inside Israel with ten feddayins, among them the future leaders Khalil Wazeer (code-named Abu Jihad; assassinated in Tunisia by an Israeli air raid), Salah Khalaf (code-named Abu Ayad), and Abu Ali Ayad (died in battle fighting the onslaught of the Jordanian army in 1970). 

            After the defeat of the Arab armies in June 1967 Arafat decided to take matters into his own hand: the Arab States can no longer be counted on to reclaim the Palestinians right to a homeland and the return of the refugees since 1948 (date of recognition of Israel as a State).  Arafat set out to organizing the Palestinians into a resistance force called “Hurricane” (Al 3asifat) and resumed incursions into Israel at higher rates. An acceptable resolution would be a secular State on the West Bank with East Jerusalem as Capital.  He would repeat: “As I liberate a single square meter then I would raise the Palestinian flag.  One day, a boy or a girl will hoist the flag in Jerusalem” Arafat insisted that “we may differ as Christians and Moslems on many issues but we are unified on liberating Jerusalem and consecrating it our spiritual and political Capital” Jerusalem was the cornerstone in any negotiation of more importance to him than the “right of return” of the UN resolution 194.  In fact, during the Arab Summit in Beirut 2002 Arafat was ready to accept the Saudi proposal of “land for peace” that did not mention the right of return.  Luckily, the Lebanese President Emile Lahoud was adamant on including this cause since the Palestinian refugees in Lebanon question is “a time bomb ready to detonate anytime”.

            The uncontested Arab leader Gamal Abdel Nasser recognized that the nascent Palestinian resistance activities are reactions to the failure of his leadership and he met with Arafat. Gamal Abdel Nasser gave Arafat’s organization political cover to preserve control of Arab politics and introduced Arafat to other Arab State leaders. Thus, the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) was formed in 1968 which included many Palestinian factions such as the national and Marxist faction of George Habash and the splintered faction of Nayef Hawatmed.  Syria would later include another faction with a military wing called Al Sa3ikat (Thunderstorm).  Arafat was the leader of the largest faction called Fateh (Conquest) and thus was elected Chairman of the PLO; Arafat was to hold the purse or the treasury of this organization to keep all factions in line.

            King Hussein of Jordan defeated militarily the PLO in 1970 and the resistance fighters fled to Lebanon.  The Egyptian leader forced the hand of the Lebanese government to allocate a strip of land in south Lebanon called “Al 3arkoub” from which the PLO could wage guerilla attacks on Israel.  This was a top-secret deal; Deputy Raymond Eddeh would persist in the parliament to divulge the details of the deal at no avail.  Thus, the mostly Shi3a Lebanese citizens in south Lebanon were caught in between the military retaliations of Israel, the exactions of the PLO and the non-existence of the weak Lebanese government in that region. South Lebanon was de facto controlled and governed by the PLO.  The Lebanese army controlled every resistance movement in the south before 1970 but relinquished its hold after that secret deal.

            The PLO quickly established political and administrative headquarters in the Capital Beirut and was immersed deeply in Lebanon internal politics. The Palestinian resistance fighters occupied all the Palestinian camps and transformed them into bunkers. Israel didn’t mind the transformation and the involvement of the PLO in Lebanon’s politics. Israel goal was to displace the Lebanese citizens from the south and then conquer it. In fact, thousands of citizens in the south moved to the southern outskirts of Beirut in Haret Hrik, Ghobeiry, and Dahieh.  These areas would become the “belt of misery” and shantytowns.

            In April 1973, an Israeli commando (headed by Ehud Barak) assassinated three Palestinian leaders in Beirut Kamal Edwan, Kamal Youssef, and Abu Youssef Al Najjar; it failed to locate Arafat.  In May 1973, the Lebanese army was encircling the Palestinian camps and Arafat took refuge in Embassies.  Arafat had a sixth sense on personal dangers and he did sleep in Embassies when the tough got going.  His best strategy for avoiding detection and maintaining security is to be “unpredictable”; thus he frequently moved from one residence to another and never informed anyone of his displacements, even his driver or bodyguards.

            Arafat highly valued Medias and used it tot the hilt. He also lavished on and befriended the sheikhs of mosques so that their Friday preaches increase his positive exposure. Arafat was not that good in rhetoric but his charisma and large smile compensated greatly on other verbal deficiencies.

            Arafat was super patient, like fish hunters.  He didn’t mind waiting for years until his enemy is caught in his nets.  He fundamentally used persuasion and then extending financial bait and then blackmailing when everything failed.  Arafat could focus under extreme dangerous situations and keep his cool for the sake of his surrounding assistants. He slept a few hours on early morning and then had siesta after lunch.  He extended aid to the needy and took excellent care of the martyrs’ families.  He owned only two military suits.

            Arafat read every piece of mail and replied in details.  He carried a small booklet and noted down information; he once said “if one of my small notebooks is published monarchies would disappear and Presidents fall.”  Arafat was feared by Arab leaders because of his wide connections and the vast intelligence he had on each one of them; thus, the PLO coffer was replenished on demand.

            Arafat visited India PM Indira Gandhi. A guru asked Arafat “How many Palestinians are there?”  Arafat replied 8 millions. The guru retorted “I have 9 million followers who worship me as their God.”  Arafat said with a large smile “The difference is that every one of the 8 million Palestinians thinks that he is indeed God”

            On November 1974, Arafat delivered a speech to the UN assembly and offered two alternatives: the olive tree or the gun.  He also talked to the UN General assembly in Geneva on December 1988 and declared his willingness to end armed struggle and the recognition of Israel; the USA decided then to recognize the PLO.

            Arafat played a central role during the Lebanese civil war that started in April 13, 1975.  He tried to maintain a balanced position in the tag of war between Hafez Assad of Syria and Sadat of Egypt at the expense of the Lebanese civilians.  The leftist Lebanese organizations relied on Arafat for logistics in arms and ammunition and he controlled them completely.  Arafat once declared in Ramallah around 1998 that he was the de facto governor of Lebanon for over 20 years, even before the civil war. Lebanon would have been saved 13 years of mindless civil war if Arafat had decided to relinquish Lebanon to Syria and dealt with Israel in 1977 instead of 1993 for part of Palestine as he was forced to do later.

            After the signing of the Oslo agreement with Rabin, Arafat returned to Gaza on July 1994.  He signed an agreement for the return of the West bank in September 1995.  Rabin was assassinated by one of his body-guard. Netanyahu refused to go along with the agreement but finally submitted to the USA pressures and returned Hebron (Al Khalil) after the negotiation of Wy River in 1998.

            On September 28, 2000, Ariel Sharon entered the Masjed Akssa during the tenure of Ehud Barak PM.  The second intifada started.  Ariel Sharon was elected Prime Minister in February 2001 and he invaded Ramallah (headquarter of the Palestinian Authority, al mukata3a) and encircled Arafat in his quarter. George W. Bush said to Sharon “Leave Arafat to God” and Sharon relied “I will give God a nudge”

            Arafat had food delivered through Israeli check points. He suffered acute ailment and knew that he has been poisoned by small doses.  Before being hospitalized in France Arafat said to his personal physician Ashraf Kerdi “The Zionists got me…”  Mohammad Dahlan (Fateh officer) told Arafat “When you are back your authority and power will remain intact” Arafat replied “In that case you are coming with me to France”

            Mahmoud Abbass replaced Arafat and refused to have an autopsy performed.  Arafat managed to hold together an organization of many factions for 40 years by centralizing the disbursement of the financial import he secured from the Arab States and from investment.  Arafat struggled hard to keep the Palestinian decisions independent of the vagaries of the multiple Arab States leaders’ interests of abusing of the “Palestinian cause.”  Probably, most of Arafat’s “peace deals” with Israel emanate from the disunity of the Arab States toward a strategic plan for checking the Zionist plans.  Arafat had to juggle Arab States priorities concerning their proper interests. Arafat sculpted an image of Palestinian resistance by wearing the special “koufieh” headdress and the military attire. He forged a logo for the Palestinian cause.




January 2023

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