Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Saad Hariri

Another story on Late Rafic Hariri and his son Saad (both ex-PM)

*الممثل يوسف حداد يرد على سعد الحريري*

وبيحكي عن الفساد

الحريري الأب وسياسته المالية وإستباحة الدولة وتقسيم النقابات وضرب وشل الإتحادات النقابية وأولها الإتحاد العمالي العام وتحطيم أسس الدولة وبنيانها وتقاسم الحصص والإستيلاء على بيروت وإخراج الناس من منازلهم بالقوة عبر قضاة متزلمين وخانعين ومرتشين وإعطائهم بالمقابل أثمان بخسة لا تصرف،

وسرقة النورماندي وواجهة بيروت وضرب الإعلان والإعلام ورشوة الإعلاميين والمحطات،

والإستدانة بالدولار ورفع الفوائد للأربعين (40%) بالمية،

وإنشاء الجمعيات واللجان، ومليارات رئاسة الوزراء، ومحاربة خطة افرام للكهرباء وإقالته،

وسرقة أموال إعمار المدارس الرسمية والجامعات والمطار وملعب كميل شمعون،

وإستقالة الوزير عز الدين لإمتناعه على إمضاء الفواتير بعشرات الملايين الملغومة ومليارات الخليوي وسوكلين وسوليدير،

ورشوة غازي كتعان وعبد الحليم خدام،

وإعفاءات سوليدير من تلاتين سنة ومنع محاكمة سوكلين، والسنيورة وملياراته،

ومئات ملايين الدولارات أجارات لمباني يمتلكها ، والأملاك البحرية وتلزيمات ب مئات ملايين الدولارات بالتراضي ،

وتطول السرقات والنهب ،

وما أدراكم ماذا يعني مجلس الإنماء والإعمار ومجلس الجنوب والهيئة العليا للإغاثة التي تصرف مباشرة من رئيس الوزراء ومن دون رقيب ،

ولا يمكن إلا أن نقول مبروك لك رياض سلامة الذي نفذ بحنكة ودهاء وإلتزام مطلق وكان الولد المخلص وأهداكم مليارات الدولارات بدون فوائد وعومكم عند إنهيار سعودي اوجيه بملياري دولار ،

والأهم تستره على تهريبكم للأموال ورعايته بمئات الملايين لمشاريع مزيفة ،

والأهم محمد الحوت وحمايته ومزراب الميدل ايست لا تعد ولا تحصى الإرتكابات والتعديات والحمايات ،

وسلب البلد لركائزه وتقاسم الحصص في الإستيراد والنفط والترويكا والدويكا ،

ويلي إستحوا ماتوا ، ويلي مفكر الناس عميان وهبل يراجع ثروة من مليار ونص إلى تمانية عشرة مليار،

والأهم بعد موته التهرب من دفع ملياري دولار بدل إنتقال هذه الثروة المسروقة ب قانون ليوم واحد مفصل على قياس أولاد المرحوم الشهيد المغدور؟

والذي حتى بموته يكلف لبنان حوالي ستين مليون دولار سنويا للمحكمة الدولية المهزلة من ما يقارب 15 سنة أي ما مجموعه 750 مليون دولار لإتهام حزب الله وسوريا وإيران ،

وللإستمرار في إستغلال الدم والتحريض ونهب السلطة وللإستعمال الإنتخابي والتجييش المذهبي وغيرة الدين .

عذرأ طويلة بس تاريخن مليان .منقول .

لكم التعليق

Lebanon PM, Saad Hariri, ready to sell Lebanon

And let it be under International Monetary Fund (IMF) mandated power

*نفّذوا الشروط الأمريكية أو إختاروا الكارثة …

قد يظن البعض أن سعد الحريري سجل إنتصاراً بالنقاط في لعبة حرق الأسماء ليفرض بعد ذلك شروطه على العهد، أي حكومة تكنوقراط بشروطه ؟

لكن واقع الحال غير ذلك تماماً ، فسعد الحريري هو أضعف طرف في الأزمة اللبنانية حالياً، وأغبى طرف فيها وللأسف هو (الحراك الثوري …؟).

عند عودته من الإمارات أبلغ سعد الحريري من يعنيهم الأمر في الطائفة السنية، بما فيهم رؤساء الحكومة السابقين حجم *الضغوطات والكارثة الآتية ، إذا لم يتم تنفيذ الشروط (الدولية ..؟).*

ولمّا أصرّ الحريري مؤخراً على فكرة حكومة التكنوقراط التي يطبّل ويزمّر لها الحراك، والتي *هي بالأساس من إعداد (شينكر وفريقه)،

* جاء جبران باسيل والخليلين وابلغوا الحريري بأنه لا مانع من أن يكون التيار والحزب خارج الحكومة لكن ما هو البرنامج ؟ وما هي الصلاحيات الإستثنائية ؟

الحريري لم يفصح عن كل المشروع التي تبلّغه من الأمريكيين، لكنه قال: “حكومة من ١٤ وزير، عشرة منهم أنا أختارهم للوزارات الأساسية وأربع وزراء دولة غير حزبيين تقترحهم الأحزاب من خارجها”.

مشروع حكومة التكنوقراط كما سرّبته مصادر قريبة من بيت الوسط هو كالتالي :

*- تعيين الوزراء التكنوقراط يتم من قبل صندوق النقد الدولي حصراً،*

وبالمعلومات تسلّم الحريري لائحة ب ١٨ اسم لمختلف الوزرات على أساس أن ينتقي منها.
*- يقوم صندوق النقد الدولي بتسمية وزراء التكنوقراط وقد سلّم الأسماء للحريري.*

– جمعية المصارف تعمل بوحي من المراقب الامريكي : (بيلنسغي).
*- الإتيان بوصاية دولية تدير المطار والمرفا ومصرف لبنان وتسيطر على المعابر الحدودية مع سوريا.*

*- تصفية وبيع قطاع الإتصالات والطاقة بما فيها النفط والغاز.*

*- إنهاء ملف التوطين (الفلسطيني) ودمج اللآجئين السوريين.*

الصلاحيات الإستثنائية لمشروع حكومة التكنوقراط هي من أجل :

*أ – القيام بإتفاقات لترسيم الحدود البرية والبحرية برعاية أممية (امريكية)، بدون الرجوع الى مجلس النواب لإقرار أي إتفاقية. مما يعني التنازل عن الحقوق في حقلي النفط والغاز ٩ و٨ في الجنوب لصالح اسرائيل.*

*ب – تعديل القرار ١٠٧١ بطلب لبناني ليشمل الحدود السورية.*

*ج – أن تجري إنتخابات نيابية مبكرة بقانون جديد (تغيير الأكثرية الحالية).*

وهكذا نلاحظ طوال هذه الفترة *أن كل الإعلام والصحف التابعة والمموّلة خليجياً وامريكياً في لبنان، يكون لسان حالهم نقل الرسائل الامريكية التهديدية كما هو حال كلام المطران الياس عودة ، ومقال طوني عيسى في الجمهورية اليوم ، وسام منّسى في صوت لبنان وصحيفة الشرق الاوسط ، وسركيس نعوم في النهار الذي نقله عن مايكل يونغ “معهد كارينغي”،

وكلها تتمحور حول خطاب واحد : نفذوا الشروط الآمريكية أو إختاروا الكارثة …؟*🤚

*#سعد_الحريري_يتاجر_بلبنان*

Lebanon: List of militia/mafia “leaders” in one of the batch of Panama financial leaks

Note: Re-edit of 2016 post

One of the batch of the Panama financial leaks will most probably list these figures

The first batch of names are:

  1. Bassam Yammine, a former minister assigned by Suleiman Frangiyyeh
  2. Hind Nabih Berry: Daughter of Chairman of the Parliament for 26 consecutive years
  3. Nader Hariri: Brother of Saad Hariri, former PM and political successor of his late father Rafic Hariri
  4. Tarek Sami Nahass: a member of the board director of the Hariri clan
  5. Maysara Sokkar: general manager of Sukleen and Sukomi (waste disposal, owned by Saad Hariri)
  6. Wael Fouad Seniora: Son of former PM Fouad Seniora
  7. Houda Abdel Basset Seniora: wife of Fouad Seniora PM
  8. Walid Dawook: Relative of Adnan Kassar and appointed minister by former Mikati PM
  9. Riad Salami: Chairman of the Central Bank for 20 successive years

Note 2: Iceland President submitted his resignation after he was listed in the leaks

Ghassan Saoud posted 

هيك هيك الدنيّ ضاجة بوثائق باناما وكتير عالم ما شافوا كتاب “الحاكم بأمر المال” أو شافوه وما عنالهم.. هاتوا نخبركم القليل:

بسام يمين – وزير سليمان فرنجية السابق الذي هو عضو مجلس إدارة في كريدي سويس (لبنان) فينانس ورئيس مجلس إدارة إهدن كامبيغ العقارية يرأس مجلس إدارة Novi Orbis Development التي يشير سجلها التجاري إلى أن أبرز المساهمين فيها هي شركة Golden Sands invest المسجلة في جزر بريطانيا العذراء.

هند نبيه بري هي عضو مجلس إدارة في شركة KIDZ INVESTMENTS HOLDING التي يرأس مجلس إدارتها علي كزما، وأبرز المساهمين في هذه الشركة هم رانيا نعمة الله أبي نصر وشركة Kids Edutainment Park التي تضم ثلاثة أعضاء مجلس إدارة بارزين هم: ابراهيم عازار نجل النائب السابق سمير عازار، رجل الأعمال السعودي محمد ضحيان بن عبد العزيز الضحيان، شركة RB VENTURES INTERNATIONAL المسجلة في «جزر بريطانيا العذراء».

نادر الحريري – مستشار سعد الحريري
مساهم في شركة Millennium Real Estate Holding التي يرأس مجلس إدارتها الأمين العام المساعد للشؤون المالية والإدارية في تيار المستقبل وليد سبع أعين. وسبع أعين هو مؤسس شركة CELLCAST HOLDING التي آلت كل أسهمها لشركة «بنبيت انترناشونال ليمتد المسجلة في جزيرة في المحيط الهندي اسمها جمهورية السيشل.

طارق سامي نحاس – عضو مجلس إدارة «ميلانيوم» التي يرأس مجلس إدارتها نادر الحريري هو: عضو مجلس إدارة في شركة مونو بلازا هولدينغ التي يعتبر صندوق الشرق الاوسط للاستثمار العقاري المساهم الأكبر فيها، والأخير مسجل في «جزر بريطانيا العذراء». وهو مساهم وعضو مجلس إدارة في شركة منارة كابيتال العقارية التي يرأس مجلس إدارتها حازم مفيد الفرا. علماً أن المساهم الرئيسي فيها وفقاً للسجل التجاري هو شركة PRIMAVERA HOLDINGS المسجلة في جزر الكايمن. وهو محامي شركة قنطاري 2259 التي يرأس مجلس إدارتها مروان فخري دلول، علماً أن المساهم الرئيسي فيها وفق السجل التجاري هي شركة kantari residence limited المسجلة في جزر بريطانيا العذراء.

ميسرة سكر – سوكلين وسوكومي – هو رئيس مجلس إدارة ليدز انترناشيونال، والمساهم الرئيسي فيها هي شركة AVERDA INTERNATIONAL LIMITED المسجلة في جزر بريطانيا العذراء.

وائل فؤاد السنيورة
مساهم رئيسي وعضو مجلس إدارة في شركة «لوسيد انفستمنت كوربوريشن». لوسيد شريكة رئيسية لشركة KABABJI INVESTMENT COMPANY في تملك وإدارة شركة كبابجي (هولدنغ). وKABABJI INVESTMENT COMPANY مسجلة في جزر الكايمن.

هدى عبد الباسط السنيورة – زوجة فؤاد السنيورة
رئيسة مجلس إدارة «الأمل هولدنغ». والأمل هولدينغ مساهمة في شركة فردان 1341 العقارية، والمساهمة الرئيسية معها هي شركة«فينيسيا انترناشيونال هولدنغ» أما المساهم شبه الوحيد في الأخيرة فهو شركة «فينيسيا انتربرايزس» المسجلة في بنما.

وليد الداعوق – الوزير الميقاتي السابق وصهر الوزير السابق عدنان القصار (فرنسبنك)
ساهم وعضو مجلس إدارة في شركة M1 REAL ESTATE LEBANON التي تعتبر M1 REAL ESTATE INTERNATIONAL المساهمة الأكبر فيها، وهي مسجلة في»جزر بريطانيا العذراء».

غسان سعود – رولا ابراهيم

A Saudi Kingdom refugee in France (Saad Hariri) re-landed in Lebanon after being ousted in 2011 as PM

Actually Saad was handed the post of political inheritor (Haririyyeh) of his father Rafic Hariri who was assassinated by USA/Israel in 2004, by Bandar bin Sultan.

Note: re-edited of the post of 2014. “A billionaire refugee in France…”

Officially, the one $billion that the Saudi monarch Abdullah extended to Lebanon was meant to be spent on aiding the Lebanese army to confront all the “terrorists activities” spreading in Lebanon.

Tacitly, ex PM Saad Hariri is to be the money distributor of this huge sum and he returned to Lebanon after 3 years of vacations (as he was ousted) in order to personally supervise the spending of the money.

All this money is basically meant to be spend on the election campaign since the Parliament feels too ashamed to extend its tenure again and again on flimsy excuses of “insecurity conditions”. (Yes, Nabih Berry, head of the Parliament for 22 successive years,  and the Godfather of the militia/mafia “leaders“, refused to hold Parliamentary elections)

He had no political experience and knew nothing of Lebanon social structure: He needed 6 months to learn how to form a government and he spent most of his tenure abroad on multiple vacations, doing personal business deals.

A few months ago, Saudi Kingdom extended 3 $billion to France on the ground of providing the Lebanese army the necessary weapons to confront terrorist factions and the capability to maintain security and the shaky status quo of Lebanon political outdated system.

So far, the 3 $billion have evaporated into deep pockets in both Lebanon and France: financial transparency is not a cornerstone in our system.

Probably, France extended part of that that money to the extremist jihadist factions on our border with Syria.

The Nusra and ISIS have occupied our sprawling town of Ersal for 5 days and committed atrocities and killed scores of our soldiers and kidnapped about 40 soldiers.

Rafic Hariri set up the Ponzi scheme for Lebanon since 1994 by continually borrowing money, accumulating Lebanon sovereign debt from $3 bn to $100 bn and doing his best of destroying any productive activities in industries and agriculture. The basis of Rafic reasoning is that USA will erase Lebanon debt as soon as Lebanon sign a “peace treaty” with Israel.

Jamil Berry posted on FB: 

Mon Opinion

La période que traverse actuellement le Liban est extrêmement brumeuse, et de plus en plus illisible. Laissons nos religions aux vestiaires et réfléchissons.

Qu’avons nous comme données récentes ? Trois milliards Saoudiens évaporés? (Aide à l’armée?)

Hariri qui est rentré sous les caméras au Liban. Avec dans ses valises un milliard … Pour ? Tripoli qui s’agite à nouveau?
Ersaal avec ses vrais martyrs de notre armée Libanaise?

Et ses assaillants salafistes qui trouvent malgré tout des Janus parmi la classe politique libanaise pour minimiser, diluer, et démentir s’ils pouvaient ; nos martyrs.

Il se prépare quelque chose d’extrêmement grave je pense taillé à la seule mesure de la survie de l’état d’Israël.

Israel est plus que jamais conscient du droit du peuple Palestinien à son Etat, appuyé en cela par les rues arabes.

Israel est conscient de l’hostilité croissante des peuples des pays limitrophes face à l’injustice dont il fait preuve surtout avec un Embargo sévère et mortifère contre Gaza, et le morcellement incessant de la Palestine par les implantations juives victimes d’une Shoa économique générée par la crise dans laquelle se débattent leurs pays d’origine ( crise qui ne touche pas que les juifs , sauf que israel se propose comme issue en agitant l’étendard de l’anti sémitisme ambiant)

Rajouter à cela que de gisements immenses de gaz et de pétrole son découverts aux larges du Liban et de Palestine

Le Liban entre désormais dans le club des pays frappés par la malédiction du sous-sol. (Huge reserves of gas and oil known and confirmed even during the French mandated colonial power in 1935) 

Un exemple : l’Algérie a un sous sol infiniment riche , la Tunisie pas . Cette dernière connaitra rapidement accalmie et prospérité, la première se débattra toujours.

D’un point de vue purement sécuritaire, Israel a été contraint de rendre le Liban sud a ses Libanais (et sans condition en May 25, 2000) malgré son eau dont il a besoin. ( le prix devenait prohibitif pour israel. Trop de morts , vu le virus Ezbolla (Hezbollah) qui y sévissait)

L’Irak, La Lybie, La Syrie , étaient des menaces sécuritaires pour israel. Ces pays ont été scientifiquement et méthodiquement mis à terre en 3 temps chacun ( observez les 3 temps d’un dromadaire quand il veut se mettre à terre ) sans pour autant cesser de tambouriner qu’il faut que la résistance libanaise dépose ses armes.

Entretenir la faiblesse des pays arabes et les anémier pour les cent ans à venir, passera désormais d’après les stratèges du pentagone et d israel réunis par la semence d’une guerre Suchi ( Sunnites / Chiites) et elle commence à donner ses fruits mortifères. Les printemps se suivent mais ne se ressemblent pas.

Le Liban ”is different ” . Devenu très anglophone, très peu francophone, la France (sa mère adoptive ) en grande difficulté économique ne viendra plus vraiment à son secours car :

1/ Il s’est tourné vers les USA
2/ la France est un pays matérialiste, Laïc. Défendre la chrétienté, lui est vraiment passé de mode.

La guerre sunnite / chiite a déjà commencé dans la région, et je suis intimement convaincu que ces stratèges de l’apocalypse nous diront bientôt qu’il ne faut pas mettre tous les salafistes dans le même sac

Il y aura les bons salafistes: ceux qui se battront contre le Ezbollah , et les mauvais salafistes ceux qui se battront contre l’armée libanaise (sic!)

Plus que jamais au Liban, les politiciens Libanais ne commandent plus sur rien et n’ont de l’autorité que dans la mesure où ils ne l’exercent pas.

Bientôt , même une chatte au Liban, ne reconnaîtra plus ses chatons.

Ah les Chrétiens … J’allais vous oublier : je ne vous pense pas les vrais visés dans l’apocalypse annoncée, vous serez soit des victiles collatérales, soit des victiles de diversion. Dans les deux cas, vous aurez vos ” couloirs humanitaires ”

Déjà que le Liban est couloir en soi . Couloirs dans un couloir : rien de mieux pour couler notre pays.

( Jamil BERRY )

What Baha2 Hariri, Saad Hariri’s eldest brother, confessed of the tight connections among Saudi secret services, Bandar bin Sultan and Walid Jumblat…

Comment and notes in Lebanese slang. Part 17

La kaan wa la baan. Every deputy (naayeb) in Lebanon, ex and current who was elected twice, consciously participated in this anomi political system every time they voted for “chairman” Nabih Berry. They should face justice and their salary is “7araam” and we should recover it.

Min zamaan kolt: Nabih ma baddo mouwaazanet 2020: baddo yi dallo moumsek bi tabakat al fassaad. Ra7 yi sawwef bi kel anwaa3 al khouza3balaat bil majless.

Dala3 Saad Hariri wa kharaf Nabih touhayye2 ardiyat 7oukoumat “mouwaajahat” 3ala kol azlaam al khaarej. Kol al 7ouloul ma bet basher bi aya najaa7. Baddna 7oukoumat Siyyadiyat la 6 months.

Kel shi secondary until Nabih is forced out as chief of the Parliament. Kabla ekhraaj Nabih min markazo al daa2m, wa esti3aadat aham mou2assassat al dawli: majless al niyaabi

Kem yawm a3ta al Sayyed lel 7oukoumat to deliver?

Ba3ed 3 decades, almost all civil servants t7awalo faassideen, iza baddon aw ma baddon: Individual moral code cannot vanquish work code in a rotten system.

3askar? wa kaa2ed al jaish (Joseph Aoun) khaa2ef min International Court? Ya te3tirna. Ma fi ella Hezbollah ta yi sheel al zeer min al beer

Bi yen3emelha dawaabet? 7adda msadda2 fi shi bi yondobet ella 3ala al wara2?

Shi 7elo. Halla2 infada7et al khottat? Min tani yawm kaalo infada7et al khottat. kel ma yesakkro torokaat, bterja3 tenfada7, 7atta fi awkaat 7iraak selmi, infada7et. Wal Faranci jaayi yestafham? Moush mafroud al Faranci yi fahemna shou 3am ye7sal?

Al wade3 twadda7? ma 7ada bil shaare3 al yawm. kel al canaalaat rej3et la baraamijha lel tajheel. yalli 3endo 3amal, m2adrab 3an al shohol. yalli ma 3endo 3amal, 3am yi fattesh 3a shoghol 7atta yi adreb. Kel siyyarat bil torkaat moush 3aaref li wayn zaahibat. Dayya3 shaamel..

Leish yezerko Seniora? $11 milliars taffo bedoun shourout. Leish yi 7otton bi Central Bank? Wazza3on 7ossass 3a militia leaders wa wouzara be2yo ma3o. La fi President wa la ra2eeb. E7tafaz bi 7ossat kbiri ka thaman lel zihaab ila Daw7at. Wa shou Judge Ibrahim baddo ya3ref aktar? Proportions of 7ossass militia leaders?

Yalla, 3al Zaytouni Bay dorr. Ma tontoro. drouri hal solta al ghaliza wal mouhalhali tefham: kafa ye3ni kafa. wa Kelon ye3ni kelon.

Ma tsad2o nakaabat al tojjar al kbaar: kezzabeen. 3endo depos fiha tzawid China bi kel shi. Monopolies mounzou 50 senni

How Lebanon overcame 6 years of a useless President: Michel Suleiman

Note: updated post of 2014

How this Insipid President vacated the Palace? Account in banks by the millions, Not accounting for 2 dozens luxury cars, gifts from Qatar and Saudi Kingdom and many newly built villas

During the presidency of Suleiman,  no government was formed in less than 200 days, the recent government needed 395 days of gestation.

Lebanon ridiculous shadow State.

This ex-president Michel Suleiman, the President of the Void per excellence: no one cried when he vacated the Palace, accompanied by 10 new luxury cars of his own, free from taxes.

Suleiman was dreaming of extending his tenure 2 more years, as the Parliament did last year and robbed the citizens from their democratic rights, as did the ex-president Emil Lahoud, as did the late ex- president Hrawi…

The hopes of Suleiman were dashed since his passive practices and antagonistic positions on Hezbollah alienated the Shiaa and most of the Lebanese patriots.

Three months ago, in desperation, Suleiman referred to Hezbollah as talking with a “wooden tongue” since the resistance insisted on the strategic line of “People, Army and Resistance

In order to demonstrate that he can still deliver on his promises (6 years overdue) if given two more years, Saudi Arabia and the US gave the green light to the designated PM Saad Hariri, head of the Mustakbal (Future) movement, to help constitute a government that was 395 days in waiting.

The government started with a flurry of decisions, like imposing a climate of security in the city of Tripoli and the regions bordering Syria in the Bekaa Valley and appointed a dozen high-level public servants.

The public service was denied the  appointment of key personnel for a decade and the services in Lebanon were almost non-existent.

The professors and teachers in the public universities were left in the void and the government replaced the University Council in appointing and controlling every decision concerning the universities.

Suleiman delivered a farewell speech suggesting dozens of constitutional reforms and failed to deliver on his promises for decentralized administration, a project that was studied and finished when he took office, and alienated many parties and organization to boost the economy that has been experiencing a drastic slump for the last 3 years.

He also promised a fair election law, something related to proportional representation, but never acted on it.

He failed in extending rights to women or appointing more women in top posts.

Suleiman failed to efficiently control the flood of Syrian refugees, more than 1.25 million and constituting a third of the population, and allowed the Syrian insurgents to free flow and cross the Lebanese borders to Syria.

In essence, in 6 years, Suleiman cannot be remembered of creating any institution or bolstering any existing institution.

Suleiman was army chief when the Lebanese political leaders met in Do7a (Qatar) to decide on a replacement “neutral” Maronite  president to “lead” the country for 6 years.

On May 7, 2008 Hezbollah counter-attacked the decisions of the government to clip its control on the airport security and land communication lines. The government retracted and Hezbollah succeeded in closing down a dozen of Israeli safe havens for their agents and security offices disguised as providing civil guards to businesses and personalities.

Consequently, with ex-President Lahoud, already out with a vacant Presidential chair, and a government out of function, Qatar angered Saudi Arabia by inviting the Lebanese leaders to meet in Doha and arranged for a compromise President. And Suleiman sat on the chair of the presidency.

In democratic countries, the leader of the largest parliamentary deputies is the one selected to lead. Not in Lebanon with 19 officially recognized religious castes. That was the huge error of Michel Aoun to bow down on a right he deserved and allowed Suleiman to be President.

Lebanon is a parliamentary system: Nothing is run without the parliament approval, even in the executive or judiciary. But the leader of the largest group is not necessarily the de facto leader: The consensus of the two third of the deputies is required.

As the uprising started in Syria, the propaganda claimed that the regime of Bashar Assad will not last two months. And Suleiman put all his eggs in that basket of “after Bashar” regime and refrained from securing Lebanon’s borders from the infiltration of the Syrian insurgents and refugees.

For two years, Lebanon was the main source for supplying the insurgents in Homs with weapons and medical supplies, and the Syrian insurgents established bases in Lebanon in the north and in the city of Tripoli.

The Lebanese army was not covered politically to establish security in Tripoli, and Tripoli was plagued with 20 rounds of civil wars within a year.

And Lebanon experienced waves of suicide car explosion attacks for 4 months due to the open borders that the army was denied the responsibility to close and control

Suleiman filled a vacant chair and left the chair vacant: The Parliament failed to elect a new President to Lebanon.

And Lebanon has no President. And this event will keep recurring. As the frequency of Lebanon having no governments.

And no decision can be legitimate without the President review and signature.

Suleiman vacated the Palace with dozens of villas newly built for him and his family members, and $1.6 million in an account in Amsterdam Bank. All the expensive watches that he received in gifts were sold, many of them are in the black market. All these financial information were exposed in the Lebanese daily Al Akhbar.

And Suleiman satisfied the policies of US in the Near East, and consequently he can rest assured that he will not be prosecuted for any kinds of embezzlement or any kinds of political harassment or denied visas or any headaches

In this total void, and the illegitimacy of the highest institutions to properly function, Israel is increasing its violations on the southern borders.

Pretty soon, Hezbollah would set up a trap to the incursions of Israeli troops. And Israel will be faced with a hard decision on how to respond. And the Lebanese will be convinced that all the shouting of relying on the State is totally unfounded and premature.

Note: It is 2019. Sure the current President Michel Aoun, another former general of the army, a former appointed Prime minister during the civil war, an elected deputy, founder of the Tayyar party, exiled to France after the colonial powers decided to let Syria be the mandated power (1991 till 2005), while Israel was to occupy south Lebanon till it was forced to withdraw in 2000 without any precondition…

Finally, the majority of the parties in the Parliament agreed to have Aoun President since he had the vast majority of the “Christian” deputies. A new election law and a new election for the chamber of deputies (same figures and same hereditary tradition…).  The budget formally voted on since 2008, many tentative reform laws that have Not been applied…

And now a monster march/demonstration since October 17, 2019 that refuses to quit the streets in Beirut and several other cities, demanding a change in the political system (controlled since 1993 by the mafia/militia “leaders” of the civil war).  Promises, promises…

And the people are hungry, frustrated, trampled on, no electricity, no water, no resolution for the multiple kinds of pollution, no resolution for waste disposal, unclean water ways and seashore, no jobs, highest density of refugees, crumbling financial situation, high dept ($100 bn), no economic infrastructure, expensive services of all kinds

And No viable alternatives pointing in the horizon.

October 17, 2019: The start of an all out Revolt in Lebanon, in every district.

We are not close to ending the culture of impunity. But that is no excuse not to continue to try.

The Irish President was in official visit and had speeches with the Lebanese President. He was to join the Prime minister Serai for a formal dinner.

Events looked cool and promising.

I finished watching a movie at 1 am. and I flipped to a local channel. I was totally surprised to see a huge mass protest in downtown Beirut.

Usually, by 10 pm, the demonstrators disperse, but this time around demonstrators kept flocking in till 3 am. and from far away locations.

I discovered that the mass protests were going on in major cities (Saida and Tripoli) and even in the Bekaa region.

The internal security forces found out that the demonstrators are Not about to retreat or disperse. Each time the forces tried to make a security zone for themselves, they retreated and were pushed back by the determination of the marchers.

No water hoses or gas canisters were used since they demonstrations didn’t generate into violent acts.

But many tires were set to burn in many locations and a few banners and politician posters were torn down.

I went to bed at 3 am and the protests were going strong and I woke up to discover the masses increased in numbers, diversity and locations.

Burning tires closed most highways, and especially access and exit from the airport.

All schools and universities are closed.

So what happened for this outburst of anger?

The convoy of the minister of education, a stooge to his sectarian  and civil war leader Walid Jumblat, shot scores of bullets to drive through a few demonstrators.

The minister of communication reported that the government agreed to charge 20 cents for just the first call on WhatsApp. This minster had dispersed $100 million to purchase the building of Touch a month ago, on the ground that this is cheaper to pay rent for 10 years, as the government was promising to cut on unnecessary expenses to balance out the budget.

Here are a few of my comments and notes that felt needed to be posted on FB.

“It is 1:15 am. The news on Al Jadeed is claiming that hundred of motor cycles are converging to downtown Beirut and burning is taking place in front of the Al Amin Mosque and unfinished buildings”.

I started to flip through the local channels and everyone of them were covering the protests, except OTV (the channel of the Al Tayyar, the party of the President of the Republic Michel Aoun)

“OTV committed an unforgivable error: it refused to cover the massively angry citizens. This demonstration was meant to aid the President to “turn the table” over the mafia/militia “leaders”, but the message is clear and loud: “I will Not turn any table. I am part of this political system. All the reforms are meant to be retouch…” . How can we claim Siyadat (autonomy) when the people is hungry and trampled? The President fell into the trap of Nabih Berry/Walid Jumblat/ Samir Jea3ja3 (the main civil war mafia “leaders”, in control since 1993)”.

(Ghareeb. kel al canalaat 3am tonshor al mouzaharaat, ella OTV: Sett latifat? Ghalat. Ghalat. hal mouzaharaat fi haazeh al saa3at al mouta2akhirat moufaja2at kabirat. estakhro al sha3eb lal 2akher)

“The 20 cents on the first WhatsApp call for the day was meant to be symbolic, but the citizens felt it “estekhraa2 mouwaaten”. Bad timing as no one experienced any material changes in the reform or economic state of affairs. Can you feel any possibility for political system changes?”

“The citizens are revolting against their parents who cowed down and accepted indignity for 30 years. Two generations of parents were unable to reform anything in this defunct political system during 3 decades”

(Al mouwaaten 3am ye7ro2 abawaaton yali 3awadouhom 3al zil li 30 years)

The PM decided to cancel out the meeting of the government set for 2 pm today.

“Strange. Instead of meeting to discuss this upheaval and find resolutions, the government opted to shriek its responsibility”

(Ghareeb. badel ma yejtem3o lel ta7aawor, bi yelgho al jalssat. Ma fi mas2ouliyyet)

“I suggest to the President to call China President to extend the cash amount needed to pay what is due of the State to the salaried public servants, the retirement, and the institutions, including hospitals, schools, military personnel.. that have Not be paid for months. Call now Mr. President”

(Mousta7akaat al dawli lel sha3eb, ziyadat ma3aash, takaa3od, mostashfayaat…)

“With the burning of tires in Beirut, all the deputies moved out to their resort villas. The parliament is to contemplate a resort parliament to circumvent “tire burning”

Nabih Berry, the chairmin of the Parliament in the last 27 years, is doing all he can to oust the President”

(Berry ma baddo mouwazanat 2020. baddo yekhla2 mouwarabat nikaash new voting law, wa halla2?)

“The government is Not about to resign because foreign powers do Not wish it and because Saad Hariri PM is Not about to resign and miss out on the advantages he will reap from the Cedars loans from Europe. I suggest that the ministers of the Al Kouwaat of Samir Jea3ja3 be shed from this government, and the ministers of education and communication be fired. The many ministers with No formal responsibilities be asked to fill the gap”

(Sa3ed moush masmou7 lahuo yestakeel? wa la houwa 3endo marraa2 bi woujoud Cedre. Al e7timal al ma3koul: tan7iyat wouza Al Kouwaat, istikalat Shihayyeb wa Choukair. 3abo al faraagh bi wouzarat bila 7akaa2eb.)

“Come on. If you don’t care to join the protests, at least stay home and refuse to take any vacations”

(yalla. indabbo bil bouyout aw inzalo 3al shaare3. ma fi tesh ba3d al 2an)

The protesters advanced toward the Presidential Palace. The minister of foreign affairs (Jobran Basil), the chairman of the Tayyar party and the strongman of the President) delivered a strong and exhaustive speech from the Palace. Basil demanded that the government meet continuously in order to finish the 2020 budget, that all ministers and deputies submit their financial balance sheets, all the thieves be brought to trial and the recovered money be deposited in a Sovereign Fund…

I feel most of the present protesters are primed to target Jobran Basil, meaning to point the blame to the President, though they were out of the political system for 2 decades.

It is 5:45 and the protesters of Tripoli in Nour Square “Sa7at al Nour” are experiencing live bullets from the guards of former deputy Mosbaa7 A7dab. Seven protesters were severely injured and one killed. The protesters refused this guy to join the marches and after the raining of the bullets they converged and burned Mesbaa7 vans business .

Apparently, the protesters are sick and tired of all politicians, current or former. Although, if you interview anyone aside, he will lambast everyone, except his sectarian leader.

I am waiting for the Saad Hariri PM speech at 6 pm in his Palace (Serai).

Saad delivered his short speech at 6:45. He gave himself 72 hours to hear a definite and full agreement by the political allies on the program for the set of reforms. Apparently, as he said, all the parties agree and at the last minutes they recant on their promises. And this process has been going on for 3 years.

The funny part, all these politicians say “I was feeling with you all the time, you hunger, frustration and despair, but I refrained from expressing myself publicly…”

The protesters claimed that they will Not quit the street until the government resigns. And they prefer a military coup to round up the political thieves and set the stage for new election.

Note 1: In March 8 and March 14 2005, Beirut witnessed mass demonstrations after Syria decided to withdraw its troops from Lebanon. On March 8, Hezbollah organized a demonstration to “Thank the Syrian troops for a job well done”. On March 14, a counter mass demonstration was held in celebration of the withdrawal of the Syrian troops after 3 decades of presence. All the political parties and their “militia leaders” (who lead the civil war and totally cooperated with the Israeli occupation and the Syrian presence  in order to preserve their privileges and political positions) took advantage to claim the patriotism.

October 17, 2019 is a far monster demonstration in diversity, location and determination: it is an upheaval against the internal enemies, thieves and highway robbers of the budget in the last 3 decades.

Note 2: A few years ago, Lebanon was crumbling under a massive waste disposal problem under Sa2eb Salam PM. The wastes were deposited on the streets and on the sides of the rivers. The protesters, under the banners ” You smell” (tol3et ri7etkom) were dispersed with water hoses and gas canisters. The waste disposal problem is still Not resolved.

Why Saad Hariri, current Lebanon PM, donated $16 million to a call girl?

Love you my Saad“?

In an affidavit cited in the court documents, Ms. van der Merwe (a South Africa model) said she had been recruited at age 19 to travel to an exclusive resort in the Seychelles Islands called The Plantation Club that was “frequented by some of the richest private individuals in the world,” including billionaires “for whom money is no object.”

At this “playground of the super wealthy,” she said, “it is the norm for lavish parties and events to be held” and models were flown in “to lend a sense of glamour and exclusivity.”

The models’ passports were taken when they arrived and they were forbidden from taking photos.

Ms. van der Merwe spent four days at the resort in 2012, and connected with people she met because of her “healthy lifestyle” and other qualities. “I have also been told that I have a very engaging personality,” she said.

Other trips followed. On her first two, she flew economy class. Later, she was upgraded to first or business class.

During a trip in March 2013, she told friends that her “dream car” was the Audi R8. After she returned home, she had an accident that totaled her car and cracked her cellphone screen.

A car dealer soon called her to pick up a new Audi R8 Spyder, which had been paid for and registered in her name. She also received two new cellphones, including one with international roaming, and a Land Rover Evoque.

The two vehicles were worth more than $250,000, a sum that was added to her tax bill.

Her lawyers wrote in 2015 that they were gifts from the same “extremely well-to-do Middle Eastern gentleman” who sent her the money.

When government investigators asked about the $15 million transfer, a bank official said that “the sender and beneficiary are boyfriend/girlfriend and are currently together in the Seychelles.”

Ms. van der Merwe bought properties worth more than $10 million, including a house in Cape Town’s upscale Fresnaye neighborhood with an outdoor swimming pool and commanding ocean views.

She also lent $2.7 million to a real estate company her father was involved with and made other transactions, leaving $537,000 in her account, she said.

The tax authorities considered her claim that the money was a gift implausible and suspected the funds had been for her father, Gary van der Merwe, a businessman who had fought repeated court battles with the tax authorities over his own business dealings.

The authorities levied income tax on the sum, froze Ms. van der Merwe’s assets and appointed a curator to oversee them until the matter was settled.

So Mr. Hariri stepped in again, sending Ms. van der Merwe an additional $1 million to help cover her legal and living expenses, according to court documents.

In correspondence with the tax authorities, Ms. van der Merwe’s lawyers acknowledged it was hard to believe that “such largess was bestowed on a young girl” by someone with whom she had “a casual relationship.” But Ms. van der Merwe insisted the money and cars were gifts for her personal use with no conditions.

She reached a settlement with the tax authorities in 2016, which she appealed last year. A judge dismissed that case this month.

In January, she sued government officials for $65 million in damages she attributed to the tax authorities’ pursuit of her. These documents made Mr. Hariri’s role in the case public this year.

In the suit, she argues that she had to sell the house because the asset freeze prevented her from paying for its upkeep. She also says the court cases and related publicity had caused irreparable damage to her career and severed her link to Mr. Hariri.

By Ben Hubbard

  • BEIRUT, Lebanon —
  • The prime minister of Lebanon gave more than $16 million to a South African bikini model who said they had a romantic relationship after they met at a luxury resort in the Seychelles, according to South African court documents obtained by The New York Times.

The prime minister, Saad Hariri, was not in office when he sent the money starting in 2013, and the transfer does not appear to have violated any Lebanese or South African laws.

He was 43 at the time of the first transfer, in 2013. He was then running family businesses in construction and other domains and living in France and Saudi Arabia.

Mr. Hariri, second from left, with his wife Lara, their son Hussam, left, and President Emmanuel Macron of France in Paris in 2017.

CreditMustafa Yalcin/Anadolu Agency, via Getty Images

But the revelation in a South African court case this year of the extravagant gifts to a younger model comes during a difficult period for Mr. Hariri, the top Sunni Muslim politician in Lebanon

The gifts have no clear tie to Lebanon’s current economic woes and Mr. Hariri, a married father of three, was sufficiently wealthy to have made the payments himself.

Forbes magazine estimated his net worth in 2013 at $1.9 billion, thanks largely to business interests he inherited after his father, Rafik Hariri, who also served as prime minister, was assassinated in Beirut in 2005.

Note 1: (Actually, no one from the Hariri clan paid inheritance taxes to Lebanon government, thanks to their associate Fouad Seniora, who was minister of finance at the time of the assassination and who became a PM shortly after)

Note 2: Thousands of employees of Saad many enterprises (created by his late father) found themselves out of jobs and have Not been paid for many months. The latest, is closing the Future Movement TV channel “Al Moustakbal“. In Tripoli, demonstrators removed Saad huge picture and burned it.

Note 3: My conjecture is that Saad was paying for the pack of Saudi princes who set up orgies where ever they go abroad. He was the “bouc emissaire” since he is Not considered a prince in Saudi Kingdom and does Not enjoy their many privileges.

Again, who is this fake “leader” refusing to form a government in Lebanon?

Saad Hariri just inherited everything, even the title of PM of Lebanon by direct pressures from Saudi Kingdom.

Since 2004, he seems Not to have learned much on how to lead or deciding which country he represents (Lebanon or Saudi Kingdom)

This man claimed to be the “Father of the Sunnis” in Lebanon, though his movement barely got 15% of the Sunnis

He was kidnapped and imprisoned by the the Saudi monarchy and beaten and humiliated, and till now, he never mastered enough courage to come out of his detention while a Lebanon PM

كتب أسعد أبو خليل:
كلمة عن سعد الحريري (خطرت لي أثناء العوْم في شبر ماء).

لو لم يرث هذا الرجل ثروة واسماً من والده (الذي وصل إلى السياسة بالمال والسجود لنظاميْن قمعيّّيْن وليس لنظام واحد) لما كنّا نتكلّم عنه.

المشكلة ليست في إنه يفتقر إلى المواهب والمعرفة والذكاء والكفاءة والمروءة والصدق والشجاعة الأخلاقيّة, بل هذا رجل معتد بجهله وسوء خلقه.

كتب عنه عامر محسن (3amer Mo7ssen) قبل أسبوع: هذا كاد كي يتوقّف صفعه وضربه في الرياض ان يوصل البلاد إلى حرب أهليّة طائفيّة مذهبيّة عندما قرأ نصّاً كُتبه له السبهان–والحريري متعوّد على قراءة ما يُكتَب له بالفصحى والعاميّة–وزعم فيه انه هرب من البلاد بسبب محاولة اغتيال ضد شخصه.

لم يدرك بسبب غبائه وعدم وطنيّته خطورة ما قرأ. لا, ولأنه بسبب جبنه وانصياعه لمعلّمه في الرياض, محمد بن سلمان, يريدنا–مثل بولا يعقوبيان–ان نتشارك معه في مؤامرة التضليل والكذب والخداع وأن نقول إنقاذا لسمعة صاحب المنشار أنه كان حرّاً طليقاً في الرياض, بالرغم من استجدائه دولاً عديدة لتخليصه.

انا كما تذكرون قبل سنة, اعترضتُ على هذا التعاطف معه من قبل مؤيّدي المقاومة في لبنان وناديتُ بالمطالبة بالحفاظ عليه في الرياض, مربوطاً بكرسي لأن هذا ما يستحقّه لما فعله بلبنان وبسوريا أيضاً–كي لا ننسى سجلّ نشر الإرهاب لزلمته وسام الحسن الذي تفجّعت الطبقة الإعلاميّة عليه وانتحبت.

هذا ماذا يريد؟ ظهر اليوم فيما رُتِّبَ له من حفلة هزل–وكل ظهور له هو هزل لأنه لم يتقدّم أو يتطوَّر انملة واحدة بعد أكثر من عقد في العمل السياسي–وصاح أنه “أبو السنّة”.

ما هذا القول القميء ولماذا هو–مثل أبيه والسينورة–لا يجدون ملاذا لفشلهما وانهمزامها إلا في التحريض الطائفي والمذهبي؟

ليس هناك مَن هو رجعي ويميني وفاسد أكثر من صائب سلام لكنه لم يتحدّث بهذه اللغة قطُّ. حتى صائب سلام. هل يمكن ان يتصوّر احد ان يتحدّث سليم الحصّ أو الراحل رشيد كرامي بهذه اللغة؟

غير معقول. ميشال عون يقول “بي الكلّ” والصفة لا طائفيّة فيها, ونصرالله الذي يعيّره فريقك لأنه قائد حزب ديني لم ينطق باسم الشيعة على هذه الطريقة القبيحة.

وعلمَ الحريري ان الصحافة في لبنان مدجّنة وفاسدة فلم يكن يخشى ان يظهر امامها لبضع دقائق. لكن كان هناك بعض الشجاعات من الإعلاميّات, أبرزهم نانسي السبع. وسألتك السؤال البديهي الذي لا يسألك إيّاه أي من نخبة الإعلام في لبنان: لا مارسيل غانم ولا دنيز رحمه فخري ولا باقي الشلّة في فريق السبهان المحلّي.

وكيف أجبتَ؟ ان خبر اعتقالك وضربك هو من جريدة “الأخبار”. أبلغَ بكَ الغباء إلى هذه الدرجة؟ الناس لا تقرأ ما يُكتب عن إذلالك وضربك وربطك وصفعك وشتمك في الرياض؟

الصحافة العالميّة تحدّثت عن ذلك لا “الأخبار”. ثم تأتي إلى المؤتمر وتجلب معك “زقيّفة” و”هتّافة” على طريقة زعران الحيّ؟ تفرّستُ في وجوه بعضهم: هؤلاء الذين تمرّسوا في طاعة المخابرات السوريّة يتمرّسون اليوم في طاعة المخابرات السعوديّة وبعض هؤلاء أثرى من الثورة الفلسطينيّة قبل ان ينقلب عليها ويصبح من أعوان إسرائيل في لبنان.

ثم تتوجّه إلى “برنت سادلير” (مراسل سي.إن.إن السابق) كي يسألك سؤالا؟ مزحة كانت هذه؟ هذا كان يعمل لدى والدك وعمل لدى عائلتك فيما بعد وتُظهره لنا على انه مراسل أجنبي في بيروت؟ ألهذه الدرجة تخاف من الحقيقية؟

لم تردْ ان يسألك احد عن الاحتجاز؟ أخبرني أكثر من صحافي اجنبي انهم عندما يسألونك عن الاحتجاز تقول لهم: لا تريد ان تتحدّث عن ذلك. انتَ لا تستحقّ إلا أن تكون قائدا على برنت سادلر وجمال الجرّاح وباسم السبع وباقي الشلّة.

في زمن تنعدم فيه العصبيّات الطائفيّة, أمثالك يُربطون بكرسي من قبل الشعب وليس من قبل صاحب المنشار.

Return to the abnormal situation: Lebanon political system

Au Liban, retour à l’anormal

Editorial. LE MONDE | 

Si le retrait de la démission du premier ministre libanais met un point final à un pénible feuilleton, la société libanaise reste malheureusement otage d’une classe politique notoirement incompétente et corrompue.

Il faut se réjouir du retour aux affaires de Saad Hariri, le premier ministre libanais. Le retrait définitif de sa démission, qu’il a annoncé mardi 5 décembre, dispense le pays du Cèdre d’une nouvelle crise institutionnelle, après deux ans et demi de paralysie, due à l’absence de président de 2014 à 2016.

Cette décision met un point final à un pénible feuilleton, mi-psychodrame national, mi-escalade régionale, qui ne présageait rien de bon pour ce pays extrêmement fragile.

On se gardera, cependant, de célébrer un « retour à la normale », comme l’a fait le Hezbollah, partenaire de coalition de M. Hariri et premier intéressé au maintien de ce pacte.

Car rien n’est normal au Liban. Sous des dehors brillants, reliques savamment entretenues d’un âge d’or mythifié, remontant à la décennie d’avant la guerre civile (1975-1990), le pays est à la dérive.

La malédiction géopolitique qui le ronge est bien connue.

Trop stratégique pour être laissé tranquille, trop faible pour se défendre seul, le Liban a permis aux deux mastodontes régionaux, l’Arabie saoudite et l’Iran, de faire main basse sur sa classe politique.

Le mouvement du 14 mars, pro-Hariri, est l’obligé de Riyad, comme l’a démontré le séjour forcé du premier ministre dans la capitale saoudienne.

Le Hezbollah est le relais de Téhéran, qui l’envoie guerroyer dans la région, sans se préoccuper des intérêts du Liban. Signé avec deux puissances à couteaux tirés, ce pacte faustien enferme le pays dans un équilibre perpétuellement instable. (C’est faux. Hezbollah sait que la defense du Liban require la defaite des factions terroristes a ses frontieres)

Mais la géopolitique n’explique pas tout.

Elle n’explique pas que 27 ans après la fin de la guerre civile, le Liban ne dispose toujours pas d’un réseau électrique digne de ce nom. (Ou meme de l’eau potable)

Si Beyrouth, vitrine privilégiée du pays, reçoit vingt heures de courant par jour, Tripoli n’en reçoit que douze.

Une enquête du World Economic Forum place le Liban au 115rang mondial en matière de qualité de l’approvisionnement électrique, derrière le Népal et le Bénin.

Une entorse à la Constitution

Et que dire des poubelles (nifayaat)!

Le mouvement de protestation You Stink (« Vous puez »), qui avait dénoncé l’incapacité de la classe politique à mettre en place un système de gestion des ordures en 2015, a fait long feu, mais la crise n’est pas résolue. (la crise empire et la catastrophee prochaine est dramatique)

Les piles d’ordures qui avaient empoisonné la vie des Beyrouthins en 2015 ont été déplacées dans deux décharges de bord de mer, qui seront pleines dans quelques mois.

Dans les montagnes environnantes, Human Rights Watch a recensé 160 sites d’incinération sauvage, qui représentent un véritable danger de santé publique.

Sur ces deux sujets-phares, le gouvernement Hariri n’a pas fait mieux que ses prédécesseurs.

Quant au vote du budget dont on le crédite – une première depuis 2005 –, il s’est fait au prix de la non-clôture des comptes publics des onze dernières années. Une entorse à la Constitution, destinée, selon des militants de la société civile, à dissimuler un envol des dépenses et de la dette, ainsi que quelques tours de passe-passe encore plus douteux.

Le soldat Hariri est donc sauvé (saving private Saad?), mais la société libanaise est toujours otage d’une classe politique notoirement incompétente et corrompue.

Dans le discours qu’il a tenu devant ses partisans, à son retour à Beyrouth, le premier ministre a martelé : « Le Liban d’abord. » « Les Libanais d’abord » aurait été plus opportun. Le bras de fer saoudo-iranien ne doit plus servir de paravent à la dégradation des conditions de vie de la population.

En savoir plus sur http://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2017/12/06/au-liban-retour-a-l-anormal_5225455_3232.html#arH4oRLZMRjhxZ3r.99

En savoir plus sur http://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2017/12/06/au-liban-retour-a-l-anormal_5225455_3232.html#arH4oRLZMRjhxZ3r.99


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

July 2020
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