Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Saad Hariri

Return to the abnormal situation: Lebanon political system

Au Liban, retour à l’anormal

Editorial. LE MONDE | 

Si le retrait de la démission du premier ministre libanais met un point final à un pénible feuilleton, la société libanaise reste malheureusement otage d’une classe politique notoirement incompétente et corrompue.

Il faut se réjouir du retour aux affaires de Saad Hariri, le premier ministre libanais. Le retrait définitif de sa démission, qu’il a annoncé mardi 5 décembre, dispense le pays du Cèdre d’une nouvelle crise institutionnelle, après deux ans et demi de paralysie, due à l’absence de président de 2014 à 2016.

Cette décision met un point final à un pénible feuilleton, mi-psychodrame national, mi-escalade régionale, qui ne présageait rien de bon pour ce pays extrêmement fragile.

On se gardera, cependant, de célébrer un « retour à la normale », comme l’a fait le Hezbollah, partenaire de coalition de M. Hariri et premier intéressé au maintien de ce pacte.

Car rien n’est normal au Liban. Sous des dehors brillants, reliques savamment entretenues d’un âge d’or mythifié, remontant à la décennie d’avant la guerre civile (1975-1990), le pays est à la dérive.

La malédiction géopolitique qui le ronge est bien connue.

Trop stratégique pour être laissé tranquille, trop faible pour se défendre seul, le Liban a permis aux deux mastodontes régionaux, l’Arabie saoudite et l’Iran, de faire main basse sur sa classe politique.

Le mouvement du 14 mars, pro-Hariri, est l’obligé de Riyad, comme l’a démontré le séjour forcé du premier ministre dans la capitale saoudienne.

Le Hezbollah est le relais de Téhéran, qui l’envoie guerroyer dans la région, sans se préoccuper des intérêts du Liban. Signé avec deux puissances à couteaux tirés, ce pacte faustien enferme le pays dans un équilibre perpétuellement instable. (C’est faux. Hezbollah sait que la defense du Liban require la defaite des factions terroristes a ses frontieres)

Mais la géopolitique n’explique pas tout.

Elle n’explique pas que 27 ans après la fin de la guerre civile, le Liban ne dispose toujours pas d’un réseau électrique digne de ce nom. (Ou meme de l’eau potable)

Si Beyrouth, vitrine privilégiée du pays, reçoit vingt heures de courant par jour, Tripoli n’en reçoit que douze.

Une enquête du World Economic Forum place le Liban au 115rang mondial en matière de qualité de l’approvisionnement électrique, derrière le Népal et le Bénin.

Une entorse à la Constitution

Et que dire des poubelles (nifayaat)!

Le mouvement de protestation You Stink (« Vous puez »), qui avait dénoncé l’incapacité de la classe politique à mettre en place un système de gestion des ordures en 2015, a fait long feu, mais la crise n’est pas résolue. (la crise empire et la catastrophee prochaine est dramatique)

Les piles d’ordures qui avaient empoisonné la vie des Beyrouthins en 2015 ont été déplacées dans deux décharges de bord de mer, qui seront pleines dans quelques mois.

Dans les montagnes environnantes, Human Rights Watch a recensé 160 sites d’incinération sauvage, qui représentent un véritable danger de santé publique.

Sur ces deux sujets-phares, le gouvernement Hariri n’a pas fait mieux que ses prédécesseurs.

Quant au vote du budget dont on le crédite – une première depuis 2005 –, il s’est fait au prix de la non-clôture des comptes publics des onze dernières années. Une entorse à la Constitution, destinée, selon des militants de la société civile, à dissimuler un envol des dépenses et de la dette, ainsi que quelques tours de passe-passe encore plus douteux.

Le soldat Hariri est donc sauvé (saving private Saad?), mais la société libanaise est toujours otage d’une classe politique notoirement incompétente et corrompue.

Dans le discours qu’il a tenu devant ses partisans, à son retour à Beyrouth, le premier ministre a martelé : « Le Liban d’abord. » « Les Libanais d’abord » aurait été plus opportun. Le bras de fer saoudo-iranien ne doit plus servir de paravent à la dégradation des conditions de vie de la population.

En savoir plus sur http://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2017/12/06/au-liban-retour-a-l-anormal_5225455_3232.html#arH4oRLZMRjhxZ3r.99

En savoir plus sur http://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2017/12/06/au-liban-retour-a-l-anormal_5225455_3232.html#arH4oRLZMRjhxZ3r.99

Saad Hariri, ou la fin de la « République marchande » libanaise

Nicolas Dot-Pouillard, Politologue, Chercheur associé, Institut français du Proche-Orient, les propos de l’auteur n’engagent pas l’institution

Les pressions Saoudiennes sur le premier ministre libanais Saad Hariri ont presque eu gain de cause d’un court état de grâce : en annonçant sa démission lors d’une conférence de presse tenue à Riyad, le 4 novembre 2017, c’est le mythe de l’unité nationale libanaise qui est encore mis à mal.

Saad Hariri a certes « suspendu » sa démission, à l’occasion de la fête d’indépendance libanaise, le 22 novembre 2017. Mais le Liban n’est pas loin de renouer avec une politique du vide caractéristique des années post-2005, une fois le retrait des troupes syriennes du Liban effectué : c’est plus traditionnellement la présidence de la République qui est vacante, de novembre 2007 à mai 2008, puis de mai 2014 à octobre 2016.

Les limites d’un compromis national

Saad Hariri s’était donné la stature progressive d’un homme de compromis.

À terme, ce fut aussi la figure d’un homme seul. Opposé à Damas, il s’engageait pourtant, en novembre 2015, à soutenir la candidature à la présidence de la République de Sleiman Frangie – leader maronite du parti des Maradas, et partisan de Bashar al-Assad.

La politique de la main tendue avec la Coalition adverse du 8 mars – emmenée par le Hezbollah chiite- aboutit à l’élection à la présidence de la République de Michel Aoun, en octobre 2016, et à la naissance d’un gouvernement d’union nationale, deux mois plus tard.

Nul n’était pourtant dupe des tensions qui traversaient le Courant du futur – la formation de Saad Hariri- et les différents leaderships de la communauté sunnite libanaise : les élections municipales de mai 2016 voyaient Tripoli tomber dans l’escarcelle de Ashraf Rifi – un ancien responsable des Forces de sécurité intérieures (FSI), particulièrement virulent envers l’Iran et le Hezbollah.

Les échelles libanaises et régionales se confondant, le Sommet islamique arabo-américain de Riyad de mai 2017 accrut sans doute la pression sur Saad Hariri.

Américains et Saoudiens – ces derniers soutenus de moins en moins discrètement par Israël – ont fait de l’Iran, du Hezbollah – et du Hamas palestinien- des ennemis à abattre.

La perspective d’un gouvernement d’union nationale intégrant le Hezbollah, et dirigé par Saad al-Hariri, si elle faisait sens au Liban, rentrait ainsi de plus en plus en contradiction avec les grandes lignes de force régionales, structurées par le conflit entre l’Arabie saoudite et l’Iran.

Le récit sunnite libanais

Saad Hariri n’est pas seulement la victime de pressions saoudiennes ou des contradictions internes du jeu politique libanais : il porte à bout de souffle un Courant du futur qui est en manque de récit historique – notamment pour la communauté sunnite, qu’il peine de plus en plus à mobiliser.

Le leadership de la famille Hariri n’est pas en totale continuité avec l’héritage des générations qui les ont précédées.

Premier ministre sunnite et père de l’indépendance libanaise de 1943, Riyad al-Solh (1894-1951) pensait un Liban inséré dans son environnement arabe – en même temps qu’il posa les bases d’un service public libanais pour toutes les confessions, comme le rappelle l’historien Ahmed Beydoun.

Riadh Solh (1894-1951), père de l’indépendance libanaise.
Yabebeyrouth/Wikimedia

Dans les années 1950, la communauté sunnite libanaise avait ses grands récits : le Parti des Najadeh de Adnan al-Hakim s’inscrivait dans une narration nationale et arabiste.

Le nassérisme égyptien eut ses enfants sunnites libanais : dans les années 1970, les Mourabitouns de Ibrahim Qoleilat tenaient le quartier de Tariq al-Jdideh, à Beyrouth.

À la même époque, les jeunes générations sunnites se raccordaient aisément à une dynamique révolutionnaire régionale – emmenée par les Palestiniens de l’OLP.

Le discours confessionnel était plus atténué que de nos jours : au début des années 1980, une révolution iranienne chiite pouvait bien fasciner une partie des sunnites libanais comme en témoigna le chercheur français Michel Seurat (1947-1986) à Tripoli.

Ces mouvements eurent certes leurs limites marquées notamment par l’échec d’un véritable dialogue avec les maronites libanais, même une fois la guerre civile terminée.

Toujours est-il que les sunnites du Liban avaient leur grand récit historique : il était arabe, parfois développementiste – le socialisme nassérien – ou s’accordait avec de grandes dynamiques populaires régionales.

L’éphémère « République marchande » des Hariri

Saad Hariri, quant à lui, hérite simplement du projet néo-libéral de son père, adossé aux capitaux du Golfe : celui d’une « République marchande » libanaise, selon les termes de l’écrivain libanais Michel Chiha (1891-1954).

Rafiq Hariri (1944-2005) pouvait cependant se prévaloir de ses origines populaires, d’un engagement passé dans les rangs du Mouvement des nationalistes arabes (MNA), inspiré du nassérisme, de la figure du self-made man et d’un Rockefeller libanais attaché à la reconstruction du Liban post-guerre civile.

Les années 1990 fonctionnaient selon un partage des tâches : le premier Ministre Rafiq Hariri soutenait officiellement la résistance militaire d’un Hezbollah au sud du Liban occupé par Israël, et pouvait inscrire ses mandats dans un grand récit relatif au conflit israélo-arabe et à la cause palestinienne. Cela n’empêchait pas une opposition sur les volets économiques, mais la complémentarité fonctionnait – jusqu’à un certain point.

Le fils ne peut avoir ces prétentions : il est « l’héritier de ».

Son père était né à Saïda, d’une modeste famille d’agriculteurs. Saad Hariri est quant à lui né à Riyad. Il peut bien essayer de mobiliser la communauté sunnite libanaise : mais il manque d’une véritable narration historique.

En conséquence, sa base populaire s’érode. Dénoncer la Syrie et l’Iran, certes : mais chercher l’appui des États-Unis dans une région traumatisée par les effets de l’invasion américaine de l’Irak d’avril 2003 n’est pas sans conséquence néfaste.

Le soutien saoudien devient plus handicapant que par le passé : le récent rapprochement israélo-saoudien (ce rapprochement n’est pas recent mais date de 1918 avec le mouvement Zionist) n’aide pas à gagner en popularité, ni au Liban, ni dans le monde arabe.

Saad Hariri est dépendant des intrigues de palais du Royaume Saudi : mais la « modernisation de l’autoritarisme » saoudien que décrit bien le politologue Stéphane Lacroix ne fait pas un projet politique porteur à l’échelle régionale.

La rhétorique tout à la fois anti-américaine et anti-chiite des salafistes radicaux concurrence un Courant du futur qui ne propose pas d’utopie concrète.

Quant à la « République marchande » libanaise rêvée par Hariri père, elle est à l’image de la compagnie qui fit sa fortune, BTP Saudi Oger, aujourd’hui gérée par Hariri fils.

Durement affectée par la chute des cours du pétrole, l’entreprise a plusieurs dettes françaises ,un dossier discuté à Paris avec Emmanuel Macron lors du « sauvetage » de Saad Hariri.

Ce que l’historien américain Mike Davis a pu nommer un « stade Dubaï du capitalisme » libanais se traduit surtout par un surendettement national chronique, et un accroissement des inégalités et des écarts de richesses – affectant particulièrement les classes populaires sunnites du Akkar, au nord du Liban.

Entre le marteau saoudien et l’enclume salafiste

En l’absence de grand récit national et communautaire, Saad Hariri – et son allié au sein du Courant du futur, le ministre de l’Intérieur Nohad Machnouk– sont devant un problème désormais insoluble.

L’une des options serait de se mobiliser contre le Hezbollah, et faire de l’épouvantail iranien le cœur de la politique libanaise. En ce cas, il renoncerait à un pouvoir logiquement fondé sur l’idée d’un compromis communautaire avec les chiites.

Au pire, il s’engagerait dans une logique de confrontation civile et communautaire avec le Hezbollah. Ce fut le pari de l’ancien premier ministre Fouad Siniora, dans la seconde moitié des années 2000 qui se solda par un échec cuisant lorsque les ministres Hezbollah se retirèrent du gouvernement, paralysant la vie politique.

Ou bien, la direction du Courant du futur choisit le compromis national, l’idée de Saad Hariri depuis novembre 2015. Mais cette option a montré ses limites : il s’est retrouvé débordé par un front du refus allant des courants fondamentalistes sunnites libanais les plus radicaux – le Cheikh Ahmad al-Assir à Saïda – à des figures nationales de son propre parti (Mustapha Allouch, Muin Merabi) lui reprochant de faire trop de concessions à ses adversaires. La politique saoudienne a fait le reste.

Le Courant du futur est également venu à bout de sa logique originelle : dans la seconde moitié des années 2000, il fonctionnait sur la dénonciation systématique d’une mainmise syrienne sur le Liban, en dépit du retrait militaire de 2005.

En 2017, cette stratégie ne porte plus : c’est désormais moins un régime syrien qui est présent au Liban, qu’une formation politique libanaise, le Hezbollah, qui est militairement présente en Syrie.

Opposé à Bashar al-Assad, la coalition du 14 Mars voulait voir la Syrie dehors : la ruse de l’histoire fit qu’au final, ce fut un parti libanais à dimension régionale qui imposa sa marque en Syrie. Reste alors l’éternel repoussoir iranien : mais ce terrain est désormais occupé par d’autres.

Saad Hariri est ainsi pris entre le marteau d’une Arabie saoudite puissante et soucieuse de son influence régionale, une logique d’État, et l’enclume d’un radicalisme salafiste qui a un projet et une utopie – fut-elle mortifère.

The ConversationLe rêve d’une « République marchande » portée par son père a fait long feu.

Nicolas Dot-Pouillard, Politologue, Chercheur associé, Institut français du Proche-Orient, les propos de l’auteur n’engagent pas l’institution

La version originale de cet article a été publiée sur The Conversation.

Note 1: It is confirmed that Israel executed late Rafic Hariri PM (assassinated him in 2005, father of Saad) with the decision and finance of Saudi Kingdom. US Bush Jr. didn’t oppose the decision.

Note 2: Expatriate contractors https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2013/02/22/typical-modern-neoliberal-expatriate-contractor-class-in-lebanon-politicalsocial-structure-part-4/

Former Qatar foreign affairs minister divulges Syria’s financial foreign involvement

A dissenting soldier was paid $15,000, an officer $30,000, a minister $50 million. Over $140 billions were spent on Syria’s war.

The Injerlink Base in Turkey and the Hussein airbase in Jordan were headquarters for coordinating military operations and distributing finances and weapons.

Among the “allies” were USA, Israel, France, England, Morocco, Turkey, Saudi Kingdom, Jordan, Qatar, Gulf Emirates.

Even Saad Hariri, former Lebanon PM, had a office in Gazi Aintab in Turkey and run by the parliamentary deputy Okaab Sakr

Syria managed to get out of a scheduled civil war in 2007, after Israel failed in its pre-emptive war in Lebanon in June 2006.

Jassem confirmed that they played a great role in destroying Egypt, Libya, Syria and Yemen by USA orders.

حمد بن جاسم يكشف لائحة أسعار الضباط والمسؤولين المنشقين

كشف حمد بن جاسم رئيس الوزراء و وزير الخارجية القطري السابق في مقابلة مع قناة BBC البريطانية أن بلاده قدمت الدعم للجماعات المسلحة في سوريا عبر تركيا بالتنسيق مع القوات الأمريكية وأطراف أخرى هي السعودية و الاْردن والإمارات وتركيا، لافتاً إلى أن سوريا فلتت من فخ كان يخطط له منذ عام 2007 أي بعد هزيمة اسرائيل في حربها على لبنان في عام 2006.

وأكد حمد أن الدوحة أمسكت بملف الأزمة السورية بتفويض كامل من السعودية والولايات المتحدة الأمريكية، مشدداً على أن بلاده لديها أدلة كاملة على استلام الملف السوري بالوثائق الرسمية الأمريكية و السعودية.

وأوضح أن الدعم العسكري الذي قدمته بلاده للجماعات المسلحة في سوريا كان يذهب إلى تركيا بالتنسيق مع الولايات المتحدة و كل شيء يُرسل يتم توزيعه عن طريق القوات الأمريكية والأتراك والسعوديين فكان هنالك غرفة عمليات مشتركة في قاعدة انجيرليك الأمريكية في تركيا، تضم ضباط مخابرات من الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية و تركيا و السعودية و قطر و الإمارات و المغرب و الاْردن و اسرائيل و فرنسا و بريطانيا مهمتها تنسيق العمليات العسكرية القتالية في سوريا.

كما خصصت الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية ستة أقمار صناعية مخصصة للتجسس تمد غرفة العمليات بأدق التفاصيل و الصور على مدار 24 ساعة في اليوم، وكانت غرفة العمليات في قاعدة انجيرليك مسؤولة عن العمليات العسكرية في الشمال السوري و كانت هنالك غرفة عمليات في الاْردن في مدينة أربد في الشمال الأردني في قاعدة الحسين الجوية متكونة من ضباط مخابرات أردنيون و اسرائيليون و أمريكان و بريطانيين و سعوديين و اماراتيون و قطريون مهمتها إدارة العمليات في القاطع الجنوبي من سوريا.

وأشار حمد بن جاسم ان ما أنفق على الحرب في سوريا من يوم انطلاقها إلى حد الآن تجاوز 137 مليار دولار، مبيناً أن أمراء التنظيمات المسلحة استغلوا وفرة الأموال فأصبحوا من أصحاب الملايين وأن عمليات الانشقاق في صفوف الجيش السوري كانت أغلبها تجري بإغراءات مالية فالعسكريون العاديون الذي ينشق كان يحصل على 15 ألف دولار أمريكي و الضابط يحصل على 30 ألف دولار أمريكي.

كما أشار إلى أن انشقاق رئيس الوزراء السابق رياض حجاب تم بالتنسيق مع ابن خال رياض حجاب الذي يعيش في الاْردن منذ زمن طويل وقد دفعت له السعودية مبلغ 50 مليون دولار أمريكي، وكذلك انشقاق قائد الحرس الجمهوري السابق في سوريا مناف طلاس تم بالتنسيق بين المخابرات الفرنسية و أخته التي تعيش في فرنسا منذ زمن طويل و تحمل الجنسية الفرنسية مديحة طلاس أرملة رجل الأعمال السوري السعودي أكرم عجة.

كما أشار إلى أن رئيس الوزراء اللبناني سعد الحريري لعب دور كبير في الحرب السورية كان له مكتب في مدينة غازي عنتاب التركية يديره النائب اللبناني عقاب صقر و هذه أحد أسباب إفلاس الحريري، وكذلك لعب رئيس وزراء لبنان السابق نجيب ميقاتي دور كبير من خلال مدير شرطة لبنان اللواء أشرف ريفي، كما لعب الأكراد العراقيون دور كبير في الحرب السورية و بالأخص مسعود البرزاني.

وفي الختام قال حمد بن جاسم لقد لعبنا دور كبير في تدمير مصر و ليبيا و سوريا واليمن وجميعها كانت بأوامر أمريكية.

News from Lebanon this week:

No different from boring California weather.

Actually, Lebanon “enjoys” 7 months of completely dry weather from May to October.

Politically,this week was pretty awful

This week in Lebanon:

1. We engaged in a small war on terrorism in the town of Ersal, which was occupied by ISIS advancing from the Syrian mountains (and the Lebanese army won),

Actually, the “Syrian insurgents” were allowed to vacate the town after killing dozens of citizens and soldiers and taking hostage over 40 soldiers with them.

What kind of negotiations are being undertaken and by whom to release the soldiers is a taboo story and we are in total darkness for how long the kidnapped soldiers will be held.

2. Still “No selection by Parliament for a President to the republic” and this immature and futile process has been dragging on for 2 months

3. No new election law that this Parliament promised in exchange for extending its tenure 2 more years against citizens refusal.

4. No resolution for the Syrian refugee crisis increasing steadily and representing 40% of Lebanon “approximate” population

 

Continue reading the remaing most boring though important stuff

1. Armed “Vigilantes” Break into Syrian Homes

(Image via Lebanese Forces)

Gunmen belonging to the Amal party were spotted breaking into Syrian homes in Msaytbeh and Mar Elias in broad daylight this week.

The gunmen, acting as self-dubbed vigilantes, are allegedly aiming to “help” the Lebanese Armed Forces by seeking out “terrorists”… their own way.

2. Saad Hariri Returns to Lebanon in Surprise Visit

After being in self-imposed exile for 3 years, Saad Hariri returned to Lebanon on Friday. The former prime minister told the press that he’ll be looking over the $1 billion in Saudi aid to the Lebanese army, and as for his personal safety, Hariri said: “May Allah protect everyone”.

Actually, Saad came to make sure if any Parliamentary election will be due this November, and if the answer was positive to spend the billion on his election campaign.

(Saad stayed less than 3 days in Beirut and returned to Jedda, and we never heard of him again, or his new location).

Apparently, the deputies have decided to extend their tenure another 2 more years, doubling the constitutional 4-year term.

As for the other $3 billion Saudi aid that the French were supposed to arm the army with, it totally evaporated into thin air and in many deep pockets: The army was horribly short on basic ammunition during the siege of Ersal.

3. Education Minister: Everyone To Pass Final Exams

(Image via Annahar)

The Lebanese education system has finally hit rock bottom. The last time the government let everyone pass their final exams was during the civil war that started in April 1975 and ravaged Lebanon till 1991.

But Education Minister Elias Bou Saab says he will let all students who took the exam receive a certificate.

The minister said his decision came after the UCC’s continued boycott to grade the exams until Parliament passes a new salary scale for teachers.

Bou Saab said he would suspend his decision for 48 hours upon the request of UCC representatives.

This massive 100% success rate of “Graduating” students from high schools will still sit for entrance exams in most public and private universities.

Note that the minister is one of the promotions who “passed” without exam correction in 1985?

4. ISIS Expelled From Arsal

(Image via Annahar)

After five worrisome days of joint military actions that involved the LAF and Hezbollah, Arsal is free of ISIS terror.

The damages left however are remarkable, and need immediate attention by the government.

Many Syrian refugees have been ordered to leave Lebanon putting in question what actually happened in Arsal, and why.

5. Syria Rejects Return of 1,700 Refugees from Lebanon

(Image via Annahar)

In a somewhat ironic development, after the Lebanese government decided to ship back 1,700 refugees to Syria, Syria rejected their passage through the border due to suspected ties between the refugees and the Resistance.

A billionaire refugee in France: Saad Hariri lands in Beirut with one $billion in his suitcase

Officially, the one $billion that the Saudi monarch gave to Lebanon is meant to be spent on aiding the Lebanese army to confront all the “terrorists activities” spreading in Lebanon.

Tacitly, ex PM Saad Hariri is to be the money distributor of this huge sum and he returned to Lebanon after 3 years of vacations in order to personally supervise the spending of the money.

All this money is basically meant to be spend on the election campaign since the Parliament feels too ashamed to extend its tenure again and again on flimsy excuses of “insecurity conditions”.

Saad Hariri  inherited  the money and the political position. He had no political experience and knew nothing of Lebanon social structure: He needed 6 months to learn how to form a government and spent most of his tenure abroad on multiple vacations, doing personal business deals.

A few months ago, Saudi Arabia extended 3$billion to France on the ground of providing the Lebanese army the necessary weapons to confront terrorist factions and the capability to maintain security and the shaky status quo of Lebanon political outdated system.

So far, the 3 $billion have evaporated into deep pockets in Lebanon and France: financial transparency is not a cornerstone in our system.

Probably, France extended part of that that money to the extremist jihadist factions on our border with Syria. The Nusra and ISIS have occupied our sprawling town of Ersal for 5 days and committed atrocities and killed scores of our soldiers and kidnapped about 40 soldiers.

Jamil Berry posted on FB: 

Mon Opinion

La période que traverse actuellement le Liban est extrêmement brumeuse, et de plus en plus illisible.
Laissons nos religions aux vestiaires et réfléchissons.

Qu’avons nous comme données récentes ?
Trois milliards Saoudiens évaporés? (Aide à l’armée?)

Hariri qui est rentré sous les caméras au Liban. Avec dans ses valises un milliard … Pour ?

Tripoli qui s’agite à nouveau?
Ersaal avec ses vrais martyrs de notre armée Libanaise?
Et ses assaillants salafistes qui trouvent malgré tout des Janus parmi la classe politique libanaise pour minimiser, diluer, et démentir s’ils pouvaient ; nos martyrs.

Il se prépare quelque chose d’extrêmement grave je pense taillé à la seule mesure de la survie de l’état d’israël.

Israel est plus que jamais conscient du droit du peuple Palestinien à son Etat appuyé en cela par les rues arabes.

Israel est conscient de l’hostilité croissante des peuples des pays limitrophes face à l’injustice dont il fait preuve surtout avec un Embargo sévère et mortifère contre Gaza, et le morcellement incessant de la Palestine par les implantations juives victimes d’une Shoa économique générée par la crise dans laquelle se débattent leurs pays d’origine ( crise qui ne touche pas que les juifs , sauf que israel se propose comme issue en agitant l’étendard de l’anti sémitisme ambiant)

Rajouter à cela que de gisements immenses de gaz et de pétrole son découverts aux larges du Liban et d israel .

Le Liban entre désormais dans le club des pays frappés par la malédiction du sous-sol. (Huge reserves of gas known and confirmed since 2000)

Un exemple : l’Algérie a un sous sol infiniment riche , la Tunisie pas .

Cette dernière connaitra rapidement accalmie et prospérité, la première se débattra toujours.

D’un point de vue purement sécuritaire, israel a été contraint de rendre le Liban sud a ses Libanais malgré son eau dont il a besoin. ( le prix devenait prohibitif pour israel. Trop de morts , vu le virus Ezbolla (Hezbollah) qui y sévissait)

L’Irak, La Lybie, La Syrie , étaient des menaces sécuritaires pour israel. Ces pays ont été scientifiquement et méthodiquement mis à terre en 3 temps chacun ( observez les 3 temps d’un dromadaire quand il veut se mettre à terre ) sans pour autant cesser de tambouriner qu’il faut que la résistance libanaise dépose ses armes.

Entretenir la faiblesse des pays arabes et les anémier pour les cent ans à venir, passera désormais d’après les stratèges du pentagone et d israel réunis par la semence d’une guerre Suchi ( Sunnites / Chiites) et elle commence à donner ses fruits mortifères. Les printemps se suivent mais ne se ressemblent pas.

Le Liban ” is different ” . Devenu très anglophone, très peu francophone, la France ( sa mère adoptive ) en grande difficulté économique ne viendra plus vraiment à son secours car :

1/ Il s’est tourné vers les USA
2/ la France est un pays matérialiste, Laïc. Défendre la chrétienté, lui est vraiment passé de mode.

La guerre sunnite / chiite a déjà commencé dans la région, et je suis intimement convaincu que ces stratèges de l’apocalypse nous diront bientôt qu’il ne faut pas mettre tous les salafistes dans le même sac : il y aura les bons salafistes: ceux qui se battront contre le Ezbollah , et les mauvais salafistes ceux qui se battront contre l’armée libanaise (sic!)

Plus que jamais au Liban, les politiciens Libanais ne commandent plus sur rien et n’ont de l’autorité que dans la mesure où ils ne l’exercent pas.

Bientôt , même une chatte au Liban, ne reconnaîtra plus ses chatons.

Ah les Chrétiens … J’allais vous oublier : je ne vous pense pas les vrais visés dans l’apocalypse annoncée, vous serez soit des victiles collatérales, soit des victiles de diversion. Dans les deux cas, vous aurez vos ” couloirs humanitaires ”

Déjà que le Liban est couloir en soi .
Couloirs dans un couloir : rien de mieux pour couler notre pays.

( Jamil BERRY )

What Baha2 Hariri, Saad Hariri’s eldest brother, confessed of the tight connections among Saudi secret services, Bandar bin Sultan and Walid Jumblat…
 
‎بهاء الحريري يخرج عن صمته ويفضح أخوه سعد الحريري و آل سعود<br />
ماذا يقول بهاء الدين الحريري عن شقيقه سعد : سرق الزعامة بعد أن هدّدنا بندر بن سلطان وليد جنبلاط وعد أخي بامداده بالمقاتلين ….فجعت أنا وكل من كان قريبا مثل مهيب عيتاني والصديق الصدوق للعائلة الفضل شلق بتصرفات أخي …أخي صار مجرد صورة لابن رفيق الحريري اما القرارات فيتخذها ثلاثة بندر وتركي الفيصل وشقيقه الخبيث… لن أعود الى بيروت لأنّ أخي سيحرق بيروت لانه يستمع للعملاء لاللعقلاء … السنيورة يضحك عليه بكلماته المعسولة .<br />
أخي طيب القلب لكنه طمّاع وغبي غبي في السياسة كما كان غبياً في الرياضات …لقد طرد نازك أرملة المرحوم أبي بعد أن فهمت الرسالة التي أرسلها لها ولبناتها من خلال ال…حسن صبرا وبشكل مهين عبر صفحات المجلة الصفراء ” الشراع ” التي تهجّمت عليها وعلى بناتها ونسب اليها ما لا يعتبر الا خيانة للمرحوم رفيق الحريري واهانة لذكراه.لقد تركناه يسرق الزعامة بعد أن هدّدنا بندر بن سلطان بأنه وحلفائه الاسرائيليين والأميركيين لن يؤمنّوا للعائلة ولأموالها الحماية ان لم نوافق على اعطاء الزعامة لأخي سعد.كانت تلك المّرة الأولى التي أسمع فيها شيئاً ايجابياً عن اسرائيل في بيتنا.‎

بهاء الحريري يخرج عن صمته ويفضح أخوه سعد الحريري و آل سعود
ماذا يقول بهاء الدين الحريري عن شقيقه سعد : سرق الزعامة بعد أن هدّدنا بندر بن سلطان وليد جنبلاط وعد أخي بامداده بالمقاتلين ….فجعت أنا وكل من كان قريبا مثل مهيب عيتاني والصديق الصدوق للعائلة الفضل شلق بتصرفات أخي …أخي صار مجرد صورة لابن رفيق الحريري اما القرارات فيتخذها ثلاثة بندر وتركي الفيصل وشقيقه الخبيث… لن أعود الى بيروت لأنّ أخي سيحرق بيروت لانه يستمع للعملاء لاللعقلاء … السنيورة يضحك عليه بكلماته المعسولة .
أخي طيب القلب لكنه طمّاع وغبي غبي في السياسة كما كان غبياً في الرياضات …لقد طرد نازك أرملة المرحوم أبي بعد أن فهمت الرسالة التي أرسلها لها ولبناتها من خلال ال…حسن صبرا وبشكل مهين عبر صفحات المجلة الصفراء ” الشراع ” التي تهجّمت عليها وعلى بناتها ونسب اليها ما لا يعتبر الا خيانة للمرحوم رفيق الحريري واهانة لذكراه.لقد تركناه يسرق الزعامة بعد أن هدّدنا بندر بن سلطان بأنه وحلفائه الاسرائيليين والأميركيين لن يؤمنّوا للعائلة ولأموالها الحماية ان لم نوافق على اعطاء الزعامة لأخي سعد.كانت تلك المّرة الأولى التي أسمع فيها شيئاً ايجابياً عن اسرائيل في بيتنا.

Another nasty Beirut Explosion: Exclusive Photos and the death of former minister of Finance and academician Mohammad Shateh

These photos are becoming too familiar.

Walking nonchalantly towards the blast site, people in suits walking to their cars after they got the day off.

A powerful explosion of about 60 kilos harvested Mohammad Shateh, 8 others and injured 70 bystanders.

Apparently, Shateh was on his way to join the March 14 coalition in order to expose his project for putting an end to the endemic violent crises in his home city of Tripoli (Lebanon)

 posted this Dec. 27, 2013

Mohammad Shatah was a friend, and I fondly remember several functions in the states where I had the pleasure of having a conversation with him. The shock is still sinking in, but the reactions are all too familiar.

Rabble of people, security forces shouting, ministers and officials with 5 dozen guards each trampling all over the evidence that was already tampered with by dozens of passerby.

The same broken record on TV stations, the same, old, tired phrases that even the speakers don’t believe anymore.

Shots taken seconds after the blast

 
Saad Hariri’s Political and Financial Adviser, Muhammad Shatah Killed in Huge Explosion that Rocked Beirut   إقرأ هذا الخبر بالعربية

Naharnet Newsdesk published:

A heavy explosion that rocked the capital Beirut on Friday targeted the convoy of former Finance Minister Mohammed Shatah, who is ex-Prime Minister Saad Hariri’s adviser.

Shatah’s vehicle license was located in the area of the blast.

The body of Shatah was retrieved from the scene and transferred to AUBMC.

The blast that hit Starco area in downtown Beirut near Bank Audi-SAL also killed five people and at least 15 others were wounded. (The statistics has increased to 8 killed and 70 injured)

Around 400 meters of the area was damaged.

Caretaker PM Najib Miqati swiftly called for an emergency meeting for the Higher Council for Disasters.

“Hizbullah is pressing hard to be granted similar powers in security and foreign policy matters that Syria exercised in Lebanon for 15 years,” Shatah wrote in a tweet a few hours before his assassination.

Shatah had served as adviser to former PM Fouad Saniora and his successor Saad Hariri, whose own father Rafic was assassinated in a huge Beirut seafront car bomb in February 2005 blamed on Syria.

A meeting for the March 14 alliance (as opposed to March 8 alliance) was scheduled to be held at the Center House in downtown.

State Commissioner to the Military Court Judge Saqr Saqr arrived at the scene to inspect the site of explosion.

Saqr said that the explosion weighed between 50 and 60 kilos.

Higher Defense Council chief General Mohammed Kheir also inspected the area at the head of a delegation to determine the needs of the victims and take the necessary measures to aid them.

Early estimates said around 30 kilograms of highly combustible elements were used in the explosives.

Red Cross Operations Director George Kettaneh told LBCI that “there are more than 15 casualties.”

Caretaker Health Minister Ali Hassan Khalil later ordered all hospitals in Beirut to receive those who were wounded in the explosion.

Television channels showed pictures of thick smoke near the Serail, where Lebanon’s prime minister has his offices, and a major commercial district home to shops, banks, restaurants.

People were seen running to rescue the injured as a helicopter was seen hovering over the area of the blast.

Footage broadcast by Future TV showed people on fire, others lying on the ground, some bloodied, as well as fires blazing at several other points while ambulances rushed to the stricken area.

Civil defense teams battled fire that erupted in the area of the explosion.

The blast, according to media reports, was caused by a booby-trapped car.

According to MTV the suicide attacker’s name was identified by Ahmed.

Security forces were seen opening fire in the air to disperse people gathered near the blast and began checking the identification papers of passers-by in the area.

The blast caused a major dysfunction in mobile phone communications.

Beirut has been hit by several deadly attacks over the past months, including twin suicide bombings in November that targeted the Iranian embassy and bombings in the bastion of Hizbullah in the south of the capital over the summer.

The 33-month war in Syria has deeply divided the Lebanese and triggered political tensions and sectarian clashes in the country.

Shots of the aftermath at around 10:30-11:00AM on Dec 27, 2013

 resumed:

Today, you need to give thought to the innocent passerby. Knowing Shatah makes this exceptionally painful, but the thought of an innocent citizen passing by and getting killed at 9:30AM on a Friday right after Christmas is just too much.

Army and police were hindering our fun and merriment very efficiently the past few days, but to actually do their job and do something to protect us? Absolutely not.

They’re just the clean-up crew when they’re not busy arresting kids on Christmas. Dis-gus-ting.

I’m leaving Beirut for a couple of days, will be back then.

Till then, my deepest condolences to Chatah’s family and all the innocent passerby.

Makes you wonder when’s our turn to get killed while idly going about our lives in our beloved Beirut…

As I finish this post, the tiny church surrounded by massive skyscrapers has its bells ringing, probably on automatic, as the Christmas tree in Omar’s place shifts in the wind creeping in from the broken window… Merry Christmas indeed…

 

Personal Note 1: A powerful explosion that kills, maims and injures innocent people with the main target is meant to send several messaes to different parties.

Since the Lebanese government never divulge the perpetrators and its investigations to the general public, it up to the citizens to conjecture (upfront and immediately) on the assassinating parties and the purposes behind the gory attempt.

Depending on which alliance you consider yourself to lean toward, the Evil or the Saint Alliances, you have the pick among these various choices as to the goal of the massive blast:

1. Shateh was the prime mover of the received funds from foreign powers to be channeled to the violent factions in Lebanon and in Syria

2. Sahteh knew too much of who and how the funds were transferred and was to be eliminated as a dangerous witness since the bloody Syrian case has been settled

3. Shateh received the Green Light from abroad to position himself as a viable Prime Minister and a few parties, internally and externally didn’t want this potential candidate to reach a point of no return in the mind of the citizens as the consensus candidate…

4. Shateh is a dual US and Israeli spy who communicated all Lebanon data (citizens and institutions) to the US and Israel and he was to be eliminated in pomp after the latest assassination of Israel of Hezbollah’s intelligence chief Hassan Laqkiss. Since Lebanon barely gather statistics, not even conduct census, whatever information you need on Lebanon you’ll have to dig into Israeli achieves.

5. Blowing up Shateh is a strong message to the former Prime Minister Saniora that if the judicial system in Lebanon cannot touch him, a bomb will take revenge of his being an Israeli agent since 1976. https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2013/08/20/israel-filka-site-fouad-seniora-lebanon-former-pm-an-israeli-spy-since-1974/

6. Shateh has been dipping his hand very deep into the funds meant for other purposes…

7. Shateh has been trying to dissociate himself from the shady operations that he  committed himself decades ago. The Saudi Wahhabi political trend is violence or nothing “Either with us or against us” and Shateh angered this obscurantist monarchy…

8. Seniora is the prime beneficiary of Shateh’s assassination as the natural contender to run the financial business of the Hariri clan… Seniora proved in a hurried speech that he is pleased and immediately blamed Hezbollah for the explosion in order to divert the investigation toward political tangents.

Bref, follow the money trail

Note 2: Shatah was born in 1951 in Tripoli (North Lebanon) and graduated in business administration from AUB in 1974 and received a PhD in economics in 1983 from  Texas University. He worked 11 years for the International Monetary Fund. Late Rafic Hariri appointed him as one of the vice-presidents of Lebanon Central Bank and then ambassador to the US (1997-2000). He became one of the small circle in Hariri financial team. He rejoined the IMF until Rafic was assassinated and returned to take on the finance ministry in Seniora PM cabinet… He was lately the advisor to Saad Hariri…

He is married with two grown up boys.

Note 3: Omar, the eldest of Shateh’s two sons, was in the USA at the date of the explosion and returned to Lebanon. He had this to say:

Going to bury the greatest father one could ever ask for. The funeral is at 10:30am Sunday morning at Mohammad Al Amin Mosque in downtown. I can't believe they took him from us. 

Don't be angry and don't try to score political points. For God's sake don't listen to political speeches or sycophants waxing polemic or poetic.

Just ask for justice and accountability for all the crimes they have committed. We know many of their names. Hold them to account.

I love you dad.
“Going to bury the greatest father one could ever ask for. The funeral is at 10:30am Sunday morning at Mohammad Al Amin Mosque in downtown.
I can’t believe they took him from us. Don’t be angry and don’t try to score political points.
For God’s sake don’t listen to political speeches or sycophants waxing polemic or poetic. Just ask for justice and accountability for all the crimes they have committed.
We know many of their names. Hold them to account. I love you dad.”

What’s going on in Lebanon? In the prison of Roumieh?

There is this prison in Lebanon, close to the town called Roumieh.  The prisoners set fire in the 4 buildings and closed accesses to the prison.  This prison is holding 4,000 incarcerated people, in all categories from minor citizens (under 17 of age), minor thefts and car accidents…, political prisoners, foreign maids not able to pay their flight back home, …

One prisoner (26 year-old) did not live because he was repeatedly refused treatment for his diabetes:  He was in prison for two months and was to stay 6 months for traffic incident as his family was unable to collect $10,000.

Every week, Lebanon witness a dozen of road kills (people) and the cases are settled out of court. This prison in Roumieh was designed to host one thousand inmates in the 70’s and no other prisons were planned to be constructed.

Every couple of months, the prisoners in Roumieh revolt in order to have better living conditions, and the State crack down and promises improvement… This time around, the families of the prisoners demonstrated on mass for 3 days in front of the prison and the Justice Palace.  The families closed main roads throughout Lebanon demanding information on the situation and conditions of their family members.

There are plenty of evidence that the prison officers have established a lucrative racket, selling cellular phones, cocaine, heroin, and all kinds of drugs…These facts were widely known and the supposed government promised to investigate and nothing was revealed or done or reformed.

Lebanon has never had a government worth calling a government:  Most of the time, the government is in “running affairs” condition because a designated Prime Minister takes his time forming another stupid government, say four months on average, and ending up with virtual governments that are too weak to govern, plan, and execute any kinds of reforms.

The real power in Lebanon is in the hand of the clerics of 18 recognized religious sects.

The current rioting that generated 3 deaths so far, and unknown number of injuries, is the consequence of two decades of negligence and malpractice in the field of correctional services.

Prisoners are held in cells with up to 15 fellow inmates with no medical treatment.  The justice system has been crippled for over 4 decades, since the civil war that started in 1975, and no new judges have been appointed for many years.

Many prisoners in the overcrowded jail have been waiting up to 5 years for their case to be heard over common law matters such as theft, faked signature…Many have died in prison before and during the riots.

The trouble stems from 3 main problems:

First, lack of funding from the Finance Ministry, which was under the control of the late Rafic Hariri PM, and who ruled from 1992 to 2005.  The Finance Ministry is still in the hand of Saad Hariri, son of Rafic:  an oligarchic Future Movement political party succession story.  In this period, Lebanon witnessed institutionalized corruption, and saw its public debt balloon to $60 billion. An estimated $11 billion is currently unaccounted for under his government.  Such funding could have been diverted to pay for the construction of jails in both North and South Lebanon as proposed by the Change and Reform Bloc in Lebanon’s parliament.

The second problem is the immersion of politics in all facets of the judiciary system:  For example he political appointment of Said Mirza (an ally of Hariri) as Lebanon’s Chief Prosecutor.  Mirza is deeply involved in the highly politicized Special Tribunal for Lebanon, investigating the assassination of Rafic Hariri.

This involvement has diverted attention away from reforming Lebanon’s legal system, which is struggling to deal with the backlog of court cases and the subversion of justice in the court and prison systems.

The third hurdle is the conduct of Lebanon Internal Security Forces (ISF) and its General Director, Brigadier Ashraf Rifi, another close ally of Lebanon’s “care taker” Prime Minister Saadedine Hariri.  The ISF was responsible for arbitrary arrests and human rights abuse during the Syrian occupation of Lebanon under Rafic Hariri, and continues to operate in the same manner today.

The treatment in Roumieh prison of Al Qaeda political prisoners,  inspired terrorist groups such as Fateh Islam (that waged a brutal war with the Lebanese Army in 2007), is deemed luxurious compared to other inmates as these groups are believed to have links to the Future Movement political figures and Saudi Arabia absolute Wahhabi monarchy.

The “care taker” Interior Minister Ziad Baroud, a young and dedicated lawyer, as well as a consensus appointment among Lebanon’s different factions and counted as the President of the Republic protegee, has been unable to implement any reforms or reign in the actions of his subordinate, Brigadier Ashraf Rifi.

For 75 days, Lebanon has no government, the parliament does not meet, and the wrath of the Arab masses are engulfing the regions with positive uncertainties, except in Lebanon, the bastion of conservatism in governance.

Is Lebanon a Multi-Theocratic State: Are Lebanese that religious?

Nine weeks ago, the clerics of the Sunni Moslem sect in Lebanon gathered in a general session to admonish the newly appointed Prime Minister Mikati to abide by the revised political guidelines.  Is that a form of democracy?

The clerics of this sect were convened by Saad Hariri PM who was fired by 11 ministers from his post.  It appeared to Hariri that being fired was an incomprehensible practice:  He believed that since he is a Saudi citizen then he should be viewed as a Saudi monarch Prince or something…

The clerics and bishops of the Maronite Christian sect meet regularly to remind the President of the Republic and the Maronite deputies in the Parliament of their Church political orientation.  Is that a kind of Republic system?

The Maronite  clerics alienated more than half the Maronites by siding with particular sectarian political parties and getting deeply involved in State politics.

The clerics of the Shia Moslem sect meets regularly to regurgitate the position of Hezbollah political stands.

Actually, it is the Secretary General of Hezbollah, Hassan Nasr Allah (who combines the spiritual and temporal powers under the Iranian concept of “Wilayat Faqih“), who draws the strategic and tactical moves for the Shias in Lebanon.  Is that a new concept of Parliamentary system?

In the 1980’s, the Lebanese were on their knees: Israel occupied most of the south region and Syria the remaining parts.  Lebanon was divided into self-autonomous sectarian cantons due to the consequences of the protracted civil war that started in 1975 and the massive transfer of citizens.

The new Islamic regime in Iran that displaced the Shah extended a fresh Shia religious fervor to the Shias in Lebanon, along with training, organization, and arms to resisting Israeli occupiers.

Israel was forced to withdraw from Lebanon in 2000, unilaterally and no negotiation, after suffering determined resistance from Hezbollah. Hezbollah resistance in 2006, to yet another Israeli preemptive incursion, and winning the war offered Lebanon a deterrence leverage that was lacking for decades.

Should Hezbollah continue adopting religion as the main ideological force to resisting the enemy Israel?  And for how long?  Should Nasr Allah keep his position for life as a religious leader too?  Should Lebanon remains a sectarian State for another century?

There are plenty of disinformation related to Lebanon’s social and political structure.

There is a vast chasm between what is written in the “Constitution” and what is and has been practiced for over 70 years, since the independence of Lebanon in 1943 and recognition as a State by the UN in 1946 (2 years before the recognition of Israel).

Lebanon is a feudal, sectarian, and tribal society governed by feudal, sectarian representatives of warlords, wealthy families and old money class.  The feudal class inherited their titles of Emir, Pasha, Bey, Sheihk…from the Ottoman Empire as heads of tribes sided with the Ottoman invaders and presented another form of “loyalty” to obscurantist caliphates.

France confirmed the rooted sectarian division during its mandated power from 1919 to 1943, and much longer after the independence of Lebanon, by instituting the Christians as the ruling class and enjoying privileges in power and in trade.

Should the Lebanese wait 9 months every time a new Sunni Prime Minister has to form a government in order to satisfy 18 recognized sects, six regional powers, and five superpowers?

This month, the youth in Lebanon started mass demonstrations, regularly, every week, demanding that religious affiliation be cancelled from all official documents.  The youth are engaged in sit-ins in many cities demanding civil marriage and reforming genders discriminating laws.  The youth have been chanting: “We want to change the regime

Are Lebanese that religious?

They are governed by religious appointed “leaders”.  The youth are entangled in a hellish cycle of religious interests, restricted in sectarian enclaves; each sect established its own private schooling system, health and social security facilities…

The youth want to get rid of a century of indignity and chattel mentality.  They want a political system that transform all the private sectarian facilities to the control and evaluation of a civic State, and the dissemination of a civic orientation and education.

The youth of Lebanon are going to maintain and sustain the mass upheavals in the Arab World because their programs for reform and change are linked and rooted to all the in-depth reforms aspired by youths in the other Arab States.

The youth of Lebanon are shouldering the difficult and protracted long-term changes needed in developing countries.

Beware of the senile stubbornness of an 88 year-old Patriarch; (Nov. 4, 2009)

A serious conclave of all Christian sects (heretic or not) in the Middle East is required.

First some history is needed to set the background.  The Christian Maronite sect was considered heretic by both the Orthodox Church of the Byzantium Empire and by Papal Rome.  The Maronites were monotheists (One God; not three as of Father, Son, and Virgin Mary) and also they believed in only the spiritual existence of Jesus not his physical nature.  Thus, this sect was persecuted by two strong Empires with central Churches.

When the Crusading forces entered the Near East after sacking Constantinople, on their way to Jerusalem in 1100, the Maronite sect decided to pay allegiance to the Pope.  Thus, this sect was saved from being labelled a heretic sect, doomed for constant persecution, and enjoyed the military and political backing of Rome.

This sect has migrated to the northern mountains of Lebanon after the schism of the year 1000 between Rome and Byzantium, and the subsequent major massacres of the “heretic” Christian sects.  Since then, the Maronite sect obeyed the decisions of the central Catholic Church of Rome, both the spiritual and temporal.

The Church of Rome  was the main temporal decision maker in Europe, and thus the Maronite Church facilitated the infiltration of colonial establishments as trade centers, first in Sidon and then to Beirut, to the French and the Italians.  The British and Russia established also commercial centers in Lebanon and had to circumvent the Maronite influence by encouraging respectively Protestantism and the Russian Christian Orthodoxy.

During the civil war of Lebanon (1975-1991), the Catholic Church proved to be mostly impotent to end the war that relegated the Maronite to the third political power, instead of the first since the independence of Lebanon. It also happened during the civil war that a new Patriarch was to be elected. Rome selected her favorite Bishop and the Christian militias selected their own. No Patriarch could be elected after four rounds of secret voting. Thus, Nasr Allah Sfeir was elected to overcome the impasse.

Since then, Patriarch Sfeir made it a personal vendetta to counter Rome’s interference in the Maronite decisions when opportunities knocked.  This Patriarch was openly favorable to the Lebanese Forces militia during the civil war and going even stronger now.  It is to be noted that the current leader of the Lebanese Forces, Samir Jaajah, is the officially a convicted murderer a spent 11 years in prison.

Jaajah was politically liberated in 2005 after serving 11 years in prison for assassinating prime ministers, many officials, and running a state within a state, a forming his own court martial tribunals.

Currently, Lebanon is at an impasse: the appointed Sunni Deputy Saad Harriri (with the largest block in Parliament) was to form a unity government five months ago; he failed, delivered his resignation, and was then re-appointed with a mere 72 vote out of 124; Harriri has no success so far to forming a unity government.

Patriarch Sfeir would like us to believe that the majority should form a government so that Lebanon could enjoy a democratic system of parliamentary opposition. Sound sweet to the ears of the non-initiated western politicians on Lebanese political system.

First, the new Taef Constitution, enacted in 1989 during Lebanon’s civil war, striped the Maronite President of major rights and forced upon the Lebanese a system of fair representation by the major religious sects in any government.  Now the Chiaa, the majority in Lebanon (forming more than 45%) of the population), are in the opposition; if they refuse to participate in a government then the President cannot abrogate a government devoid of any Chiaa ministers commensurate to their ratio.

Thus, a unity government is a must to form any government constitutionally.

Patriarch Sfeir know that formula but he is trying relentlessly to put obstacles to the formation of a unity government under the guise of “democratic practices”.  The other problem is that the new Parliament has no longer a majority of Deputies:  Since the election in June, the 8 Druze Deputies of Walid Jumblatt have taken a neutral position, and thus denied the previous majority any claim to current majority.  This fact also, the Patriarch is happy to forget and resumes his senile stubbornness.

What is in line to the Christians in the Middle East? How to go from here?  Since the Christians of all affiliations are confirmed minorities in every States in the Middle East,  I suggest that all Christian sects (heretic or not) existing in Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Turkey meet in a formal conclave to decide on fundamental programs of administrative and executive assemblies to regaining their rights as minorities.

It is totally irrelevant to dwell on abstract dogma, but to find pragmatic common denominators for feasible detailed programs for survival as a culture.

I sincerely feel that the major Christian sect of “Roum Orthodox” (over 7 millions in the Near East) change their name:  This name reflects allegiance to a long defunct Byzantium Empire (and current Greece is not a proper political or spiritual substitute). The same will go to all sects paying allegiance in their names so that Christianity in the Middle East reflects a patriotic feeling of belonging to a specific people and nation.

It is urgent that a unity executive body with wide range of power be confident to quickly and swiftly preempt any laws that might restrict their fundamental rights, or encourage other religious sects to gaining rights not proportional to their numbers.

Note:  Three years after publishing this article, Patriarch Sfeir was pressured to resign by Rome (he is over 88 years), and a new more opened minded Patriarch was elected.  It is rumored that Rome knew that Sfeir encouraged the US government of G.W.Bush to resume the war on Lebanon in June 2006, after 33 days of terrible Israeli devastation of our country.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

September 2021
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