Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Sahara Desert

“Before You Die”: Places to visit?

Are you familiar with the perennial guide to iconic travel destinations,“1,000 Places To See Before You Die.”?

1. Bora Bora (and Tora Bora? where Bin Laden did hide for a period?)
bora bora
“I want to stay in one of the over-the-water huts. That would be so wonderful!!!!” said Mary DeBoer-Payne.

2. Denmark
“I want to go there because it’s beautiful and progressive,” said Michele Bence.

3. Italy
“I want to go because it is where my family is from (all four grandparents were born and raised there) and it’s a gorgeous country with a rich history,” said Vikki Nicometo.

4. Scotland and the rest of the United Kingdom
“According to, 97 percent of my DNA can be traced to the United Kingdom. Ancestors on both sides of my family came from Scotland, and England. Also Ireland,” said Janice Hobbs.

5. Santorini, Greece
“I’d love to see the sights and indulge in the culture!” said Chris Wheeler.

6. Lebanon
“This is where my grandparents were born. My parents never had a chance to go before they passed away so it is my dream to walk where my roots are,” said Susan Latuga.

7. London
“I love all things British and the history is fascinating. Want to see the castles and soak in the atmosphere,” said Linda Forbes.

8. Guadeloupe
island of guadaloupe
“I dated someone from there and fell in love with his French. Plus, it’s an island and I’m an island/coastal type of person,” said Malaika Hybrid.

9. Hawaii

“People tell me it’s the prettiest state in the country so I want to see it. I want to see the volcanoes and the beaches. I want to try surfing. How about that?” said Peter Gaines.

Natural reforestation of desertified regions in Africa

About 50% of the population of Niger are menaced of famine.

Famine in Chad has receded for the time being. Desert has been gaining on lands in the Sahel (dry savanna  in the States of Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Chad south of the Sahara desert.

Satellite images of the Sahel region in Africa show the regaining of forests in particular spots where desert had occupied fertile lands in the last three decades.

Forest of local trees are sprouting west of the Capital Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) and in the south of Niger on the borders with north Nigeria.

About 200 million trees are covering an area of 3,125 square-kilometer.

What’s going on?

Local people are doing something that neither international aids nor technologies have proven to be efficient.  People are reverting to ancient agro-forestry techniques called “zai”.

They have been digging large holes (not deep but large enough) called “poquets” in large numbers.  The scarce water retained during the rainy season in these poquets (that are filled with local manure) helped grow natural tree shoots from grains in the manure.

The trees stabilize the soil, give shades, and permit growing abundance in harvesting mil and sorghum or sorgho (the main food staples in these regions).

In addition, people are now able to cut dry wood for cooking meals.  Cattle production has increased for the same size of lands.

Three decades ago, peasants had to saw their fields 4 times a year:  Dry winds ruined harvests.

With the rejuvenation of forests (natural assisted regeneration), peasants need to saw once and the harvest are abundant enough for self-sufficiency.

In the 1980’s, the under-ground water naps were being reduced by about a meter per year.  With the natural reforestation of local trees such as acacias and zizyphus (sisiphus?) the under-ground water has increased by 5 meters even with the demographic increases.

It appears that non local trees die 80% of the time within two years.

Cutting down forests has an interesting story.

During colonial period of France, French administrators declared forests to be national reserved areas so that only France could harvest forests; the local people were forbidden to satisfying their need in wood.  After independence, most of these African States had terrible reactions to colonial power and started purposely cutting down forests as symbol of revolt.

Sawadogo says: “In the beginning, I used to mix trees and harvests.  I tend now to preferring growing trees.  The more trees the better the revenue.”  Trees serve in construction, heating, and traditional pharmacopoeia.

International aides were targeting different alternatives such as “millennium villages” where vast amount of money and technologies were infused to providing seeds, chemical fertilizers, clinics, extracting under-ground water.  These projects failed and newer investments have slowed down after the financial crash.

Bureaucratic Ethnicities (May 14, 2009)


The western nations are not helping out immigrants to overcome their ethnicities that they want to forget about and start a new life.  For some weird reasons, not necessarily out to complete ignorance of foreign cultures, bureaucracies in the developed “welcoming nations” of immigrants insist on gathering data with options that are incorrect, confusing, and utterly humiliating to cultured immigrants. 

For example, what is the use of forcing immigrants in selecting their ethnicities according to the color of their skins (white, yellow, or black) or combining continents such as Africa, Asia, Europe, Middle East, or others?  For some ridiculous reasons bureaucratic data sheets are shy asking outright for religious affiliations as if this information, which is essentially the most important piece of data that “covert apartheid” are interested in,  is not very important to immigrants.

If you were filling such ridiculous data sheets and do not find the proper slot that is appropriate and convenient to your supposed “identity” then either you leave the slot blank or you insert another slot that does not represent your identity.  In both cases the computer is not happy, data gatherers are not happy, and the whole data sheet is cancelled and the State data center ends up with truncated data or wrong.

My contention is, if the citizens of the “welcoming” nations ,don’t care about their ethnicity or identity then why force redundant issues for immigrants that welcome friendly integration processes?  If the goal is to understand cultural differences then why not focus on the language, religion, and the regions of semi-closed seas and vast lakes  that these immigrants came from?

There are coherence in culture among people living around vast lakes or semi-closed seas such as the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Adriatic Sea, the Great Lakes bordering the USA and Canada, the Tanganyika Lake, Victoria Lake and so on.  It is also feasible to adding semi-arid deserts such as part of the Sahara Desert, the Northern and Southern Arabic Peninsula Desert, the Goby Desert, and deserts in India, China, Russia, and so on.  Why not include the equatorial forests in Brazil, Africa, and South Asia?  These kinds of classifications are far more informative than recognized States by the UN with unnatural borders constantly being disputed and fighting for fictitious adjustment.

If the interested party such as local communities and districts want accurate data then why not communicate with the immigrant communities for feedback in designing and evaluating the relevance of the questions and options?  Would it not be of far greater utility if the targeted immigrants are told the practical and real purpose of data collections? Would not community sharing in devising and designing data sheets be a great learning experience for both the community and the immigrants as to the importance of data and how to use them?  Would it not be of great importance if immigrants are shown how the gathered information is statistically analyzed and the many pitfalls in interpreting statistical results? 

We are all in the same boat because the data gathering specialists and interpreters of results are not of much use if they have not interrelated with their target audience before the project is undertaken.  Good end results are consensual acceptance of a project that need not be ideal but functional and cooperative.  Can we experiment with projects on the premise that immigrants are as intelligent, logical, and sane normal people as those initiating one lopsided projects and very much biased and most of the time irrelevant?

May be a few citizens in the “welcoming” nations appreciate the habit of daily filling data coupons and forms for one thing or another; I am pretty sure that the vast majority of citizens abhor these practices.  Then why force upon the immigrants tons of additional forms to fill?  Would not that be a covert tactic to humiliating and cowing immigrants into a state of fictitious owe to the greatness of a nation that adores bureaucracy in any shape and form?

Only the weakest of politicians drum up the race and identity problems to attrack their bored citizens with clean sweep slate of blank brains.  Those weak politicians have no ideas what to offer the citizens or what the citizens want and need.  Thus, they borrow a few cliché verses from the only Book they were forced to read in their childhood at Sunday schools and starts shouting louder than the street corner’s “preacher”; and they expect the audience to clap the hardest they ever enjoyed a rock concert.




June 2023

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